Cumberland Evening Times from Cumberland, Maryland on October 24, 1955 · Page 4
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Cumberland Evening Times from Cumberland, Maryland · Page 4

Cumberland, Maryland
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Monday, October 24, 1955
Page 4
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FOUR J TIMKS. , MU., MONDAY, OCTOBER 24, 1955 Dial l'A-2-4«(il» for a WANT AP Taker Evciimg&SiinclayTiincs j^ Timid Soul v,,,v Atlrnumn relcenl Sunday! and Bundaj *"* *" "•"•- KVCIV Atifmonn (cllcppt Sundayt «nd Sundty M 5 .~>{, s I'ubllihfd by The Times and AI1eR*nl«n Cttiipiny. 7-9 South Mechanic SI.. ^ m ^ llirid ' Md - KnipiTdTiTccVnd^lisTrniilTmiiUfr *\ CumbwUiwij - Maryland, umkr Ihr ncljof March 3. 1879 ''^ Member "of the Audit Bur«« ot CirculM.on Member of The •.-*" i'hone J'A 2-4600 WeTkly rabtcrlpllon rale by Carrlrrs: One week Evcnins only 36e; Kvenlne Tlme< iier copy 61-: ;Cv«iln« «nd Sunday 'limes «r per week; Sunday , Times only. 10e per copy. ' ':~ MliTsiibinlpllon' R'.icTBwnlin Times 1st, 3rd. 3rd and 4lh Posia! Zones .JUS Monlh - S700 SU Months - «H.M One Uar :... Jlli. Bin. 7th and 8th Postal Zone> :$1.50 Month - SS.50 SK Month. - «I7.00 One War Mail Subscriplion Hates Sunday Times Only 1st. 2nd. 3rd and 4th Postal /ones ? 50 One Month - 13.00 Sis Months - Sfi.Ofl One lear Sth, 6lh, 7lh and 8th Poital Zones ;.M'One Monlh - S3.60 Six Months - S7.20 One i tar ; The~i^en7nY~Tin«.T~an"d Sunday Tlm« assume no - financial responsibility lor typosrapliital errors in - advertisements but will reprint that part ol An •neltrillsrmrnl In which the lyposraphical error - cte\irs. errois ro«*l be. reported at once. " Monday Afternoon, October 24, 1955 OUR COUNTRY The union ol hearts, Die union al hands and the.fhg al our Union lottvei.—Morris. The Man Responsible THE GOVERNMENT has been running long enough now without President Eisenhower in full control for us to'be able '.o weigh.some of the effects. At all levels up to and including the members of his cabinet, the federal establishment appears to be operating without a hitch. This does not prove that Mr. Eisenhower had no role in the daily functioning of the executive departments. By their own testimony, Cabinet officers recently have made clear they themselves are now handling about nine tenths of the matters they formerly took up at the White House. * THAT THEY. ARE able to do this is a compliment to their resourcefulness and sur'e-footedness. It is a tribute as well to M. Eisenhower for choosing department leaders equipped to move into this breach and able to organize their operations to produce such smooth results. This development suggests, loo, thai perhaps some or all Cabinet men were bringing problems to the White House thai all along they could have met without its aid. Very likely the presidency needs reform lo reduce not only excessive document-signing but the ritual of the "minor conference." At the topmost levels, of course, (he government has been functioning on the : frailest skeleton basis. Fortunately for the United States, the domestic and world situation in this interval has nowhere been critical. Nothing has hap- pcnd lo damage seriously America's interests. Nothing has demanded the President's steady and concentrated atlenlion. BUT WE must recognize this for what il is—sheer luck. The true measure of (he!President's importance can be taken from the fact that at the earliest moment allowed by his doctors a parade of high government officials began to his bedside in Denver. Even in this relatively tranquil period, there is a range of problems thai only Mr. Eisenhower can try to solve. When government becomes a mat-' ler'X choices, lie can decide among them. For he alone has detachment, and thus some perspective on any conflict of views. AVc. can thank our lucky stars that Mr. Eisenhower's illness came in this quiet time. Our experience since Ihe fateful day of his attack has been that, however the routine of government is managed, there is no substitute for the lonesome man at the top. A great nation trying to thread its way through even Ihe most ordinary complexities of the world of 1955 has'constant need of the power of decisive leadership. The President—and no other —provides that power. Skeletons In The Closet CURIOUS operatives of the post- Peron regime in Argentina have been digging into the ex-dictator's effects since he- departed Buenos Aires hastily. The findings are astounding. He maintained several apartments. His boun'tiful wardrobe included 400 suits, 200 pairs of shoes, 40 sports" caps to wear with his numerous jaunty sports cars, and so on. There were ample signs that he paid steady altention lo the ladies and indeed lavished jewelry and other finery upon tlicni. He was said lo have stashed away jewels galore, and to have held 20 million "mad money" in a suitcase, ready for immediate departure. If the new Lonardi government is not making all (his up simply to discredit Juan Peron (we must assume they are prepared to offer proof), then it is clear the flamboyant ex-president is the King Farouk of the Western Hemisphere. One may wonder what impact' these disclosures may have on'the "shirtless ones" among (he Argentine labor force, who were said lo have thought of Peron as one of them. Power corrodes most men. Peron was easier prey than most to its corrosive effects. Disquieting Viewpoint CIO PRESIDENT Walter,Reulhcr says automation—automatic operation of industrial processes—should bring Ihe country higher living standards. But lie fears that this advance may come at heavy cost in human suffering and unemployment unless government does some things he recommends. His list includes a shorter work week, higher minimum w.igc, more liberal Social Security, some kind of price control, lax cuts for low and middle income families. In various limes and circumstances, any of the suggested measures may be seen as desirable. But Jieuther's ready espousal of the cnlire catalog is troubling. He complains about (he easy assumption of many dial the problems of aulcmalion will more or less solve themselves. Olhers might feel lhat he errs just as badly at the other extreme in assuming thai govcrnmcnl and more government is Ihe answer to all our fu- turn economic problems. NO INDEED. PLeASe^isTER/J MUCMTqo I JUST<SOT TO 5ARN A NICKEL/ %• MR.MILQUETOAST PEELS STRON6LY ABOUT THE tfMILD LABOR QUESTION I0 . Z4 . Thomas L. Slokes Southern Demos Now Stress Moderation POINT CLEAR, Ala. - Southern Democrats are feeling their oats again. Once more they are cocky, though not in the rebellious mood of recent years. They are seeking to use their bargaining power, within the parly, to buttress their influence in selection of the na- lional ticket' next year and in formulation of policy. One prop of their bargaining power was aptly described by Governor Luther M. Hodges of North Carolina in an interview during the annual Southern Governors Conference here. "In 1952 the Democratic party discovered that it needed the South," he said. It could be argued that 'this is customary in politics to hold parly leaders, such as those in the South, responsible to a degree when they get bowled over by an avalanche' of votes such as thai for General Eisenhower. Further, it is a fact thai even if Adlai Stevenson had carried every Southern state he still would have missed the Presidency by a big margin. NEVERTHELESS, the Hodges argument does carry weight with national parly leaders anxious about every area. And it is true despite the assumption of every Southern Democratic governor, as well as national parly leaders, that the real villain in the l!)f>2 Democratic debacle — "Ike" — will not head the Republican forces next year. Bui his image still is one lor Southern Democrats to conjure wilh — at least they are proceeding on that theory. . And (here is another prop lo the bargaining power of the Southern Democrats which, in a less spec- tacular way. is perhaps more substantial. This is the fact that it is Southern Democrats who occupy the ikey posts in the current Congress that Democrats control. , They '. direct its policies and, therefore, are making the record upon which the party will go before the people next year. SOUTHERN Democratic pride in the prestige nationally of Southern parly leaders in Washington is voiced repeatedly by the Soulh- ern Democratic governors. And, in discussing Ihe party's course in Congress, the word you hear over and over is "moderation." That is the new Democratic key word. IL has received new emphasis in an important quarter in the parly's Congressional leadership. The report comes from Texas that the party's Senate leader—Lyndon Johnson—is emphasizing moderation as the objective of the Soulh in the 1956 convention, both as regards candidates and platform. For that, he would have the Soulh constitute itself as a .unified element for operating in the 195B Chicago convention. This is not a movement of revolt, but rather one of constructive pressure, as envisaged by the Senate leader, who is now apparently well on Ihe way to recovery from his heart attack of several months ago. It is, in truth, interpreted as the means of shutting out rebellious personalities and groups which, for the Texas leader's purposes, might be clasificd as "extremists." This could be applied lo the still- remaining, most-potent rebel—who happens lo be from the Senator's own si ate and thai of Speaker of the House Sam Rayburn—meaning Governor Allan Shivers, who bolted lo General Eisenhower in 1952. THE JOHNSON proposal for unity in the South and the use of thai as cohesive force al the 1956 convention, which got the tag of "coalition," won'support among Southern governors here as a possible approach lo an effective means of employing their bargaining power. There was, however one dissenter, especially if the "coalition" should appropriate the tactics observed at previous national conventions. That is, the holding of clearly sectional meetings somewhat like a rump convention, which, however, docs not seem to be Senator Johnson's aim. The ^dissenter was a governor who lias made an outstanding impression at the sessions here. Governor Leroy Collins of Florida. He seemed to reflect the increasingly nonsectional character of his state, as it grows in population so rapidly wilh the influx of newcomers fr-(rm all pans of the country. He is not. he said, "much of a coalition man." "I THINK the South will be unified." he added, "but around a candidate rather than by some plan worked out in advance. I don't sec any need for delegates from various Southern stales to meet in any sectional conclaves to come out with a specific course for the Soulh lo follow. I think the course of the South should develop npturally and normally." In short, he seems to'lake the position that it is lime for Florida—and the South—to join the Union. That would seem, indeed, a sensible course. (United Feature Syndicate. Inc.) Peler Edson Antibiotics Benefit Plants And Animals WASHINGTON (NBA) — World attention is being focused on a rapidly developing science by the first international Conference on the Use of Antibiotics in Agriculture, just held in Washington. To the average person, penicillin and streptomycin are perhnps Ihe best known antibiotics, or killers of disease germs and infections. But they arc only two of many mold- produced organisms just beginning to benefit mankind. Antibiotics are now commonly used in the. U. S. lo enrich and medicate feeds in the livestock and poultry industries. They are just beginning lo-bc used lo fight plant diseases. Antibiotic preservation of foods—reducing need for refrigeration and sterilization — is still in the experimental stage. The feeding of antibiotics to humans lo make them healthier is something that is still in the laboratories. Enrichment of stock feeds by infinitesimal doses of antibiotics has become a 30 to SO million dollar business in the United Stales in in years. One pound of antibiotic concentrate costing $4.1 will enrich a million pounds of feed. Commercial grade antibiolics. which aren't as pure as the crystalline penicillin powder used for human medicine, arc now shipped out in- carload lols. Bui this new business is said to be only in its infancy. As a result of antibiotic feeding, poultry broilers can be raised in nine weeks instead of ten. Markrt- ins callle and.pigs can be similarly speeded up. effecl on humans who eat their meat. The preservation of foods by antibiotics is still so new that il docs nol have approval of U. S. Food and Drug Administration. One example of a possible use is indicated by an experiment in . which the eggs of a hen dosed with antibiotics remained bacleria-free for several days at warm temperatures. THESE ARE a few of (he reasons why scientists from the United States and 13 foreign countries were brought to \Vasliinglon to exchange information. And why agriculture allachcs from foreign embassies in Washington sat in as observers, including three Russians. . WHAT THE antibiotics seem to do is increase Ihe capacity of Ihe animals lo absorb more value from their feed. Just why. the scicnlisls do not know. But since the food consumption Is cul, production costs are cut. In the last year or so, the treatment of livestock diseases by anli- . biolics has been developed. For this medication, antibiolics arc introduced into the feed in bigger proportions. Dosing can be increased up lo 500 limes without poisoning the animals or having any SPRAYING of (omaln and pepper plants with antibiotics in solution has been found effective in con- troling bacterial spot diseases. Tobacco, potato and fruit diseases are reduced. On long-range possibility, still in the experimental stage is the coaling of seed with antibiolics lo make plnnls disease resistant. Any of these development in- Icrost scientists who are constantly endeavoring to increase the world's supply for an ever-expanding population. Barbs By IIAI. COCHRAN Telling the hole (ruth and nothing but the Inilh keeps a lol of golf scores up where Ihcy belong. From. The Times Files TV is often why parents who wait up lo kiss Ihe kids good nighl don't get enough sleep. TEN YEARS'AGO October 24, 1945 Fort Cumberland Post 13, American Legion, opened campaign to secure blood donors for transfusions at local hospitals. OPA officials announced new 1945-46 automobiles must be sold under- rationing restrictions. Lomnn Will, 42. of Grant county, died in Memorial Hospital of wounds suffered in hunting accident. TWENTY YEARS AGO . October U, 1113! 'Waller M. Fuller, this cily, promoted to captain In U.S. Cavalry Reserve. Margaret UiVclle elected president of Sodality of St. Michael's Catholic Church. Froslburg. Hnldnne Kinglon elccled vice president of Benjamin Franklin Press Club. THIRTY YEARS AGO October 24, 1025 Certificate of incorporation granted lo Algonquin Hotel Apartment Corporation, which recently purchased lot at Washington nnd Water slrccls. First Baptist Church al Eckharl celebrated seventy-fifth anniversary. John P. Schellhaus installed as faithful navigator of Fourth Degree Knighls of Columbus: FORTY YEAHS AGO October 21, 11)15 Western Maryland Railway announced plan lo oxlcnd lines into coal mining properties in West Virginia. Martin Grimm, Grand Avenue, killed in railroad accident near Morgnnlown, W, Vn, Death of Michael McGovern, former resident, in Philadelphia, The fellow who can go just about where he pleases is the one who pleases wherever he goes. When anybody keeps right on talking when you want to, he's 3 bore. Nolhing will mnkc any magazine a scrap book quicker than tin whole family wanting lo read il at once. During a slorm in Ohio a tree .roll and .smashed the top of,an auto. Well, think what auios driven by'careless drivers have done to trees. TF/ufitcy Bolton Looking Sideways NEW YORK—Almost anyone can pick up u newspaper these days and read about some restless woman who, poking In and around some dusty junk shop, has bought for $2 a painting which turns oul to bo valued at $50,000. The figures vary. But the slretch between purchase price and actual value is always astronomical. It happened most recently when a woman did pay $2 for a Jusepe de Ribcra .which turned out to lie worth about $50,000. If, of course, she could find someone willing lo part with 50 Big Ones. Muling (as they say in Hollywood) over this pretty problem in inflated finance; a decision was made lo go see Abris Silbcnnan, who is head of the E. and A. Silbcnnan Galleries, because Mr. S. knows all the answers to these perplexing problems of nine cents worth of paint spread on $1.12 worth of canvas. 1 Besides, his galleries were fhow- ing the -benefit exhibition for Ihe Spanish Institute's Research Fund in Art and Archaeology, which is a mouthful of words encompassing a fabulous collection of art. SILBERMAN is the survivor of three art dealer brothers who so fascinated the late Booth Tarking- (011 that he combined all three in his famed character, Mr. Humbin, of the Rumbin Art Galleries. So in Mr. S.'s office we talked about paintings, real and forged, arid when we went down into exhibition we looked at the celebrated self- portrait by Frans Hals. Thanks to Silberman's energy, a basement and a scrap of paper, it was hanging there, the original, genuine item, lost for years while' scores of shrewd copies and forgeries were available throughout the world. The only thing that Silberman 'knew for certain, or almost certain, was that the last cerlified owner of the Frans Hals was the King of Saxony. himself at the palace, and because of his eminence in art he was given full access to the place, lie searched for a letter, a torn memo, anything, even a long secret document, which might give a clue. Kings had been known to .•jive pictures to favored beauties or to sell pictures in secret when a little extra cash was needed. After all, a king can't come right out and say he is hard-pressed. Elkan was successful forthwith— if weeks of search can be called forthwith. lie found a notebook •which indicated that in one of the deepest cellars of the castle several works of art had been stored. He made his way down stone steps and through damp stone tunnels and, finally, came to '.he cellar room. He went in, pushed away a dozen or so pictures of no vast value and there, against the wall, behind other canvasses, was the original Frans Hals self-portrait. The Silbermans bought it and it is now in the possession of Dr. am Mrs. G. H. Alexander Closvcs, of Indianapolis. Or will be after the exhibition closes on November 1st—they loaned i ( for the show. Hal Boyle AP Reporter's Notebook NEW YOrtK—A human skull rolled out on the table, and the duchess 'Heel, "Take your hands off mo!" • • ' , .•' , •• I.csl any mystery arise from Ihe foregoing sentence, let me hasten to explain, 1 wrote It only lo please two of my oldest critics. A dozen years ago 1 took up that odd kind of mental carpentering called newspaper columning. . , '. . Over all those years a news friend has told me perhaps a thousand times, "the only way lo interest readers is to startle them at the'start. You should begin every column with the sentence, "a human skull rolled out on the table"—and then go on and write about whatever else you have in mind." Another news friend has agreed with him in principle, but has held out for this opening sentence, "Take your hands off me," the duchess cried. . ' "It has the three things that interest people most - sex, money and high society," he claims "You could use the sentence day after day after day and your readers would never lire of it." IT WAS decided by the three Silberman Brothers that one of them had best go to the king's last known castle and start from there. Elkan Silberman went. He sailed from New York to Hamburg, thence overland he traveled to Dresden. He presented ANOTHER noted painting in the show is Camille Pissarro's "Young Girl Bathing Her Feet in the Brook," an early Impressioni-t work. Mrs. John Jacob (Madge) Aslor bought that from the Paul Rosenberg Galleries in Paris one day because a physician had saved young Jack Astor's boyhood life. Mrs. Astor wished to make a gift to the doctor and she thought money would be embarrassing. She was riding with the doctor in a carriage one day and the doctor knew nothing of her thoughts or intentions. The carriage tarried in traffic opposite the galleries and the doctor exclaimed: "Isn't that a lovely picture?" The next day Mrs. Astor bought it and sent it to him. The most valuable picture In the show? It ^was the magnificent "Tarquinius and Lucretia," by Tintoretto. Try buying that for S2. You'd still owe 3493,993 on account, because one half a million is its value and it is the most expensive painting in the world. tMcNaughl Syndicate. Inc.) Frederick Othman Needed: Goof Ball Sleuths WASHINGTON — Once in In? long ago 1 had lunch with a beau- tilul actress. I had meat and potatoes; she took a cup of coffee and two pills. These latter, said she. served a double purpose: they killed her appetite and helped her stay thin: they also made her eyes shine and .caused her to give a vivacious performance. Unfortunately, she •said, they made her feel so lively that she never wanted to go lo bed. She solved lhat one nighlly by laking a couple of capsules lhat put her to sleep. This unfortunate young lady never did go far in the theatrical business. Ton. many trick pills ruined her career before il really started. NOW IT TURN'S out thai she, among thousands of other misguided ones, was an addict of am- phctmincs and barbiturates. The former pep up a fellow, the latter put him to sleep, and Congress is worried about them both. The trouble is lhat these drugs arc manufactured here in the United Slates and since they're not narcotics the usual laws do not apply. They're subject only to the pure food and drug law, under which they are classified as dangerous drugs, which must he properly labeled and sold under a doctor's prescription. SO THERE was John I,. Harvey, the Deputy Commissioner of the Food and Drug Administration, telling Rep. Hale Boggs and his Ways and Means subcommitlec about goof balls, red devils, yellow jackets and sweet dreams. These are the names of the addicts use for the barbiturates, which put them to sleep and frequently cause them to want to commit suicide. Many do just lhat, said Harvey. He said that 1,300 separate factories in the United Stales turn out nearly 800.000 pounds of these drugs per year. This is equal to 3,000,000,000 standard capsules, or enough lo give 18 doses to every American, babies included. When thieves left an Indiana factory they had S50 pounds of copper. They had « lol of brass lo slarl with. Men's Styles FROM TIME lo lime designers, 'manufacturers and merchants make attcmpls, cither individually or jointly, to create change in men's stylos. In an effort to spur (heir own businesses, they hope to persuade men to accept radical departures '.n clothing fashions. The latest efforts in this direction are 1 eing made by the designer. Savini of Rome, whose newest styles, featuring longer suit jackets with side vents and plcatlcss as well as cuffless trousers, are being shown by a number of stores in this country. If this style, dubbed the "Roman Column Look", is accepted, all men would have to buy new wardrobes. But that's a big "if". Despite many attempts in the past, men have resisted radical changes in their clothing. Certainly their styles have changed over the years, particularly in summer clothing. But change, men like to think, has been evolutionary rather than revolutionary. This may not be entirely satisfactory to the men's clolhing industry. And women may not be loo pleased seeing men wear essentially the same slyles year, after year. So, the designers can go on trying, Ihe merchants and manufacturers can keep on hoping. But men's clothing styles probably will continue lo alter only by small degrees. And speaking for men, Ihat'i Ihe way most of them like it, SOME OF THIS product, uf course, is exported. Some is prescribed legitimately by physicians. The barbiturates all arc made principally of barbiturate acid. There have been 2.500 formulas tested, but only aboul 50 different varieties are on the market new. They differ mainly in how fsst they put an addict to sleep. "They're very simple to make." Harvey said. "The raw materials are plentiful and easily available. Any chemist could go into the manufacturing business in his garage, or even at his kitchen sink." Harvey said he had 200 agents scattered around the country, but Ihcir duties include looking for bugs in the floor, poisons in the cold cream, and fuller's earth in (he spice. They're so busy they haven't much time to worry about goof balls. Last year they brought to court !3J! people accused of selling them without prescription. Most of these were druggists. One was a Connecticut iceman; he delivered the pills with the ice. Another was a woman in Johnston City. Tenn.. who peddled her capsules from the back of an automobile. HARVEY SAID some saloons sold .the pills, along with the beer. Some filling stations also had them for sale, as well as amphetamines to keep auto drivers from going to sleep. If he had maybe 1,000 agents he said he did believe he could do a better job jailing the illicit dealers. Looks like (here's no other way out. The Narcotics Bureau, according lo Rep. Boggs. wants no part of trying to do away with goof balls. They're not narcotics, they haven't been smuggled into the country and anyhow Ihe narcotics agenls already are too busy. The Coir :.«men will listen to some more experts and then they'll have lo pass a law, al al leasl an appropriation for more goof-ball sleuths. lUnlted Feature Syndicate, lnc.1 So They Say Personally, I shall oppose any reductions in federal taxes until the budgcl is firmly balanced and af least token reductions are possible and arc being made. —Sen. Harry F. Byrd (D-Va). For first offenders (narcotics peddlers), we'd like to see a five- year minimum sentence with no suspension or parole. —Harry J. Anslingcr. Federal Narcotics Commissioner. • ' The prettiest girls are right here in (he U.S. A lot of good figures over there. The girls in Europe are nol so nervous aboul girdles. Bui 1 didn't sec any good-looking girls. —Actor Robert Milchum on his return lo the U.S. MAYBE THEY wouldn't—bul I would. And so lei us say goodby forever lo the rolling skull and the crying duchess. For some reason many readers are interested in the behind-the-scenes trials, and tribulations of writing a daily newspaper column. ' ' Today I'd like to answer some of Ihe questions" most often asked me during my 12 years of buried life. Q. Do you own a yacht? A. "No!" Q. Is it hard gelling a new idea every day? A. No harder than it would be to .giva blood every day. ' Q. My son. who is in the,6lh grade and says the cutest things, wants to be a columnist. What should I do? A. Hold his head under cold water; repeat whenever necessary. Q. What really is the best training for a columnist? A. Dilch digging, flagpole silling and strip teasing. Q. How does a columnist really get most of his ideas? A. Crying himself to sleep. Q. COLUMNISTS are always crusading lo change the world. Which fl your crusades are you proudest of? A. My lifelong attempt lo gain more recognition each year for the second robin of spring. Q. Docs a columnist need a good memory? A. No. He needs a bad memory. Oilier- wise he couldn't write the same idea 10 times over and still keep a clear conscience. Q. Do columnists like each other? A. Sure, the same way women like each other. Q. Why arc columnists always setting-up straw dummies and knocking them over? A. They have found lhat if they hit real people the real people will hit baqk—and that hurls. Q. Do most columnists wrilc from an inner need? If so. what is il? A. Hunger. Q What Is the greatest problem that could face a columnist? A. Having to write a column on a typewriter with a broken "i" key. Q. What is Ihe one thing a columnist needs most to become successful? A. A successful employer with a sense'of humor. C.\«*orlatrd Tret.*! • The World Today WASHIN'GTO.N'-Marshall Stalin's fear, or suspicion, of foreigners poking around inside Russia not only lasted to Ihe end of. his life but may have held back control of the atom bomb for years. The Defense Department reuort lasl week —on American efforts to get Russia into tho war against Japan—puts Stalin on record as early as Jan. 13, 1343. in opposition to Idling the United States get a look into Sovietland. At thai time this country had the problem of scndinc planes to Russia, lo fight off the Germans, by the round-about way of North Africa. 11 would have been easier to ship Ihcm from Alaska directly inlo Siberia. In a message to Stalin in the latter part of 1942, President Roosevelt mentioned that to Stalin. Ho also told him Japan might attack Russia. In such an event, he said, American planes would help fight the enemy. But the amount of help Russia got. ho said, would depend on the ability of Russian air bases tn handle American planes. He suggested a few Americans he permitted to look around in Siberia lo see what Russia needed in Ihe way of bases. ' I'm just as certain as 1 can be lhat there! .Is going lo bt.n solid (Democratic) Soulh again ncxl year. . —Paul Duller, Nnlional Democratic dmlrmnn, RUSSIA WAS HAVING a tough time with the Germans in those days and needed help from the United Stales. Nevertheless, Stalin said in January 1943 in a message to Rooscveil: "It would- seem obvious that Russian military objects can be inspected only by Russian inspectors, just as American military objects can be inspected only by American inspectors." After the war the United States proposed to plan to control the alom bomb: it called for teams of foreign inspectors to be stationed in the United States and Russia to be sure neither side cheated or prepared a sneak- attack. ' But to the end of Stalin's life in 1953 Russia' frigidly turned its back on that idea. Perhaps if Stalin had died during or right after Ihe war Russia might have been more receptive. AT AiVY RATE HIS Kremlin 'successors this spring, two years after his death, accepted the principle of foreign inspcclion teams in Russia—as a means of controlling atom bomb production—but only if they were stationed at a few key points. It's not certain they would actually agree to such ',i plan if arrangements with Ihcm reached the poinl of signing on the dolled line. And by this time the United Stales has become fairly well disillusioned with the theory ,i that inspection teams can be truly effcctivo after its experience in Korea. At Geneva, instead of depending on ground-based inspections, President Eisenhower proposed to (he Russians thai both sides be permitted lo fly (heir own planes over each other's territory and do their inspecting from Ihe air. Russian Premier Bulganin clung lo the ground-inspector plan. Eisenhower told him Ihe United Stales would go along with lhat, It Bulganin wanted il. But he urged Bulganin to accept also his aerial inspection suggestion. Since Slalin's successors have at least now said they'd acccpl ground inspection, 'it's possible (hey might have reached- that polnl much sooner If Stalin had died, sooner. If so, Ihe world might have been closei now lo atom control. . (Aiinclflteft freli)

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