STATE HISTORlCAL/S ©eiBTY| COMP. : : : ; TOPEKA.KAK*. THE VOLUME XXXVI. No. 74. Bu«es«or to The lola Daily ICegister, The loU Daily Reourd, anil lola Daily Index. TAX PAYMENT RATE A CREDIT TO THE COUNTY Treasurer Reports 40 't of First - Half Taxes iPaid on Time FEW CALLS FOR TAGS Sale of Auto License Tags Remains Slow, Records Reveal A record for tax collections which County Ti-easurer Melvin Pronlc thinks is a credit to the county considering business conditions was announced by him today at' the -close of the unofficial period for payment without penalty of first• half taxes of 1932-33. In round fig- 1^ ures, he said, 40 i^er cent of the taxes due have been paid. "That 40 per cent means that if the same rate of payment is maintained for the next period, 80 per cent of the county taxes for the year will have been paid before they fall under the delinquency penalty." Mr. Pronk said. "Of course it would be nothing to brag about in normal times to say " that^ 40 per cent of the taxes had been paid on time,"' he continued, "but taking into consideration the fact that the rate of payment for this six months was equal to the rate of payment of first-half taxes for 1931-32, I think it .speaks well for the county. A Creditable Uceord. "Everj'body concedes that times have not improved any this la.st year— in fact money has becoms! _harder to get. Consequently • it sjjeaks well lor the taxpayers that they have held to their former murk In the face of more adverse conditions." Mr. Pronk conceded' that the total amount of money included in '• the Tiayment.^ this year has decreased, due to decrca.ses in the various levies, but still maintained that the , -record is commendable. He did not : reveal the actual amount of money collected. ' Although the date si>ccified by law as the last on which fir.st-half , taxes may be paid- without penalty i; is December 20. by,mutual, but un':- official coiisent. many of the coun- • ty treasurers of Kansas advanced that deadline a month. Mr. Pronk was one of those officials who joined In tlte extension In the belief that it would 'be of real benefit and a major accommodation to the taxpayers. The final date.: therefore on which taxes might be paid pcn- nlty-frcc in Allen county was last J Friday,:but since many of the rural •taxpayers u.sually come to lola on Saturday. Mr. Pronk decided to extend the ])eriod • one more day. LiU on Today. But the lid is clamped on today, the treasurer .said. From now •on. : ta.xpayers who have not paid u)) will be subject to the regular 5 per cent penalty prescribed by lawJ Other business of the county treasurer has not been so good. Mr. Fronk also said. The sale of automobile license plates has. in fact, been nothing to brag about. Total sales to date stood at 148 pairs of nlatps for passenger vehicles and 27 for trucks. "Itjhas been siigpo.sted." Mr. Fronk S8ld ,";'that the reason license sales 'are so slow is that jlhe automobile owners are waiting for the legislature' to pass that 60-cent minimum Ucctnse fee recommended by Gov- crrjor Landpn. I don't know if that in ihc reason, biil there Is no dsnyinp: that we are spending a lot more tlnic working on our records than wci are receiving applications for automobile licenses." . IVIEN START TO WORK ON CITY IMPROVEMENTS. Sixteen, men were at work today bn unemployment relief projects sponsored by the city in cooperation with the Ida Welfare association. Promptly at 8 a. m. the men reported • to Harrison Ashford, city engineer, who detailed four of them to take steel brushes and start preparing curbings at atreet intersections for lettering; and the other 12 to the job of graveling Breckenrldge froni State street east to Washington! Trucks furnished by the city were kept moving all day hauling' gravel from a pit north of the airport and crews at either end loaded the trucks or unloaded them and spread, gravel over the dirt street. There was general approval of the city's decision to begin on . Breckenridge street first. It has long been a source of inconvenience to trucksters hauling milk to the condensery on North State street, and it was also pointed out that having a hard surface on the street will facilitate the traffic that it handles during the twilight baseball season and when other attractions are held on the property adjacent to the condensery. The men who will work on this, and other similar projects, will be paid by the welfare association by means of orders on grocery stores or other merchants, so that the city is put to no expense for that portion., of the improvements. SHERIFF KILLED IN FIGHT Gunfire of Bandits Fells Texas Peace Officer at Tulia.. Plain View. Tex.. Jan. 23. (AP)— J. C. 'Mosele'y. sheriff of Swisher ( • county, was killed last, night in a gun fight at Tulia. Moseley had been watching for a •stolen car from the north. .He followed a coupe into Tulia and shot it out with its occupants In front of , a filling station. The station was robbed after the officer had been shot and .the two men and a woman in the car escaped. WEATHER and ROADS FOR KANSAS—Gcfierally fair; ! sligihtly warmer in west portion tonight: Tuesday partlv cloudy. ' tOR rOLA—Fair tonight; partly ' cloiidy Tuesday; little change In , temperature. ' Weather outlook for T ^-eek; I The Northern and Central Great • •'• Plains—Occasional snows! over north portion and rain south portion: temperatures mostly abdye normal. . except colder near end 6t week. . Temperature—Highest; \ -yesterday ^, 63. lowest last night 35; i normal for ; today 30; excc .>i «~yeslertlary 19; cx: cess since January 1st. 300 degrees; this date last year—highest 39; lowest 27. ;. Precipitation for the 48 hours ending at 7 a. m. today ,12; total for.this year to date, 1.22; excess _since January 1st .22 inches. ! Relative humidity at; T a. m. to; day 81 per cent; barometer reduced to sea level. 29.89 inches.; -J Sun rises 7:33 a. m.; sets 5:33 ' p. m. , Kansas Weather and Dirt Roads. ^' / Manhattan, Emporia, Ottawa. ' Coffeyville, clear, roads good. ' Pittsburg, partly cloudy, roads good. ' fopeka, clear, roads good. Arkansas City, Wichita, clear ' roads good.' Salioa, clear, roads good. DR. SUTTON TO SPEAK TONIGHT Kansas City Physician And; Bijf Game Hunter Arrives Today Dr. Ricliard L. Suttoii, national authority on dermatology and internationally known as an author and big game hunter, came from Kansas City on the 1:14 train today to meet his engagement at the Current Topics club. He spoke this afternoon at a meeting vl the teachers of the Tola schools.: This evening he will take dinner with the Current Topics club at 6:15 m the. dining room of the Baptist temple and later will address the club in the auditorium of the temple. The addresa will probably begin at seven o'clock. Dr. Sutton will talk about his last summer's trip to the Arctic and will .show pictures of the wild life of that region. It was annpunccd after Dr. Sutton's arrival that arrangcrtients had been made for every Boy Scout in lola to attend the lecture tonight, providing each is accompanied by his scoutmaster. The Rev. W. E. Van Patten, pastor of the Trinity Methodist church and a leader in the Boy Scout movement in lola. said that all scouts who wanted to. attend the address under those eon- dilions .should be at the Baptist temple not later than 7 p. m. There are about fifty in.lola now. Dr. Sutton's appearance tonight will be his third before the Current Topics club.. On his first two appearances, he spoke of his travels in Africa in search of big game, but tonight he will describe his latest expedition, one which took Him well inside the Arctic circle. The hunt was decided upon as a Ipirthday gift to his daughter. Miss Sutton, a student at th! of Kansas. Emmy Lou ]c University MRS. HEINZ IS DEAD Wife of Farmer Li\ing Ida Succumbs in S Northwest of . John's Mr.s. Lydia Maude! H(>ln/„ wife of Fred Heln !5, a farmer living northwest of lola. died ybst(frday in St. John's hospital. She was 52 years old. The Rev. N. L. Vczle jwill'conduct the funeral scn-ico^ in tljie community hall in Geneva tomorrow at 2 n. m. Burial is to be made, in the Geneva cemeterj-. Mrs. Heinz was a native of Kansas,, being bom in WoMson county, and having lived in the state practically all her life. She came to Allen county in 1903. She and Mr. Heinz, had lived on their farm northwest of lola for many years. Besides her husband.'Mrs. Heinz leaves one daughter and throe sons. WOMEN ASSERTING "RIGHTS" lOLA, KAS., MONDAY EVENING, JANUARY 23, 1933. Th* WnUy Rcgtiter, ksUbllahed 1867 The loU Daily Regiater, | Established 1897 SIX PAGES CONGRESS Bl|SY SEEKING WAYS TO HELP TRADE Both Houses Searching for Road to Economic Betterment Increased Divorces No Cause-for Worry, Nebraska Woman Saj-s< EASY CREDIT URGED Secretary Mills Says Rehabilitation Should Begin on Budget Washington, Jail. 23 (AP) — The search for ways to economic betterment progre^d on both sides of the Capitol today, with the senate contemplating studies to aid the.new administration and the house ways and means coinmittee getting suggestions from Secretary Mills. Two proposals approved by the senate finance coinniittee would allow .it to make broad research, and call upon the tariff commission and other federal agencies to Indicate how the tariff might be used to bargain with foreign countries for trade concessions. Senate approval is predicted. Secretary Mills told the house committee economic rehabilitation should begin with a balanced budget and include a vigorous federal re- servo policy toward easing credits and lending American assistance to the stabilization of foreign exchanges. To Help Administration The two senate Investigations were expected by their Democratic sponsors—Harrison of Mississippi and Costigan of Colorado—to sup-' ply the material for the incoming administration to work out a plan for all round relief. Mills gave his testimony in speaking in berialf of continuing for another year) the Glass-Steagall act which permits the use of government securities as collateral for federal reserve notes. "We consider it imperative." the treasurj' secretary said. "With It, we iare able through open market operations to arrest the process of deflation. That process has been arrested. •To stop at this time would bring about a contraction." Goldsborough, Maryland Democrat, said the house in passing his price stabilizatio;i bill last session had the intention' of setting a definite policy of expansion and sta- bUization which the board must follow. tBndget the Foundation. , "If I may give my Individual view," '• Mills said, "no matter what may be the inclination of the Central bank to keep money easy through the purchase of government securities, you first must have a cornerstone of a balanced budget to operate successfully. "Othoi-wise, all you would be doing is mopping up a treasury deficit year after year. It has always proved disastrous to continue that way." Mills said that "we are so close to a balanced budget that it can be had by a vigorous cut in expenses and a small increase in taxes." Day of Gratification for Proponent of Amendment - Ratificiation of Lame.Duck Pr<q)osal by Missouri Legislature Means Victory for George Norris, Persistent Sponsor of Reform Measure for Last Ten Years. Washington. Jan. 23. (AP)—This is a day of great victory for a sHght 71-year4old man of smiling countenance, George W. Norris, independent Republican senator Irom Nebraska. The constitution at last has been amendejl at his urging, to do away with "lame duck" sessions ol congress. I The twentieth amendment to the constitution, ending forever the sway ofi defeated members over national legislation, ifi his work, pror duct of I a courage and-patience that kept oni for ten years until the fight was won. George Norris sees the victory actually won by the people. He regarded the fight throughout as their, fight, a campaign to put lnto_ effect with no loss of time the will which Omaha. Neb., Jan. 23. (AP)— There's no need to feel alarm at the increasing number of divorces, says Mrs. Pearl L. Weber of Omaha Municipal university. It's just a sign that women are forcing men to improve. As Mrs. Weber, philosophy instructor and:' mother of four children, looks at it—and her husband agrees with her "pretty much," she said—women are demonstrating that they.will not put up with cruelty and other distasteful conditions any longer. "Marriage is on the remake," she declares, "and divorce is the' assertion of woman's Independence. Women, who obtain most of the divorces, are forcing men to improve." And when they complete tlielr ta.sk there'll be fewer and fewer divorces. That will be the happy time when responsibilities are evenly divided between husband and wife,-she philosophizes. Thielc on First Case. Topeka, Jan. 23. (AP)—Justice Walter G. Thlele, inaugurated as a member of the supreme court earlier this month, cxxupled a seat on the bench for the first time today when the court sat for its January-February session. Paradox of New York Into Bier New York, Jan. 23.; (AP)—Tliei mcfcropoUs prepared a notable funeral today for Miss Elizabeth Mar- bui-y. 76 years old, who considered herself a failure. A renowned leader In theatrical, literary, political, and civic life, she ncvei-thcless believed that ,any one of millions of obscure housewives was more successful than she. When asked for her ideas about success for women, slie would say: "There is only one real success for women; that Is to marry happily and have children and a home. In other words, to bring forth life as God intended a woman should." At her funeral tomorrow, Governor Herbert H. Lehman is expected to head a huge gathering of distinguished' people who will go to St. Patrick's cathedral to pay tribute to the woman who. died yesterday of a heart attack. Most people would have said that Miss Marbury's was a full life. She was a member of the Deniocratic natloiial committee, agent for famous authors, adviser to young talent, war worker, and woman leadier. In a book called "My Crystal Ball" she told of her dealings with poets, statesmen, dancers, generals, play- WTlghts, and 'politicians. Oscar Wilde sent her "The Ballad of Reading Gaol" from his prison cell and she sold it here for $250. She produced "Little Lcjrd Fauntleroy." She was a war nurse, and once she and "Big BiU" Edwards sold 10 million dollars worth of Liberty bonds in 10 minutes from the steps of the sub-treasury. She crossed the Atlantic 70 times, went bic>-cling with Nellie MJelba in Brittany. She saw Paris in rains just after the Prussian victory in 1870. She promoted the New York success of Irene and Vernon Castle and she established a highly moral dance hall bn Broadway. She was decorated by several governments and founded women's clubs. She fought for' Al Smith and against prohibition. _ But, she would say, "there is only one real success for women." . .1 Kansas Dry Leader Dies. Hutchhison. Kas., Jan. 23. (AP)— Mrs. M. C, GlUette, 85, active to the w. C. T. V. for more than ,50 years, died today as the result of a fall two weeks ago. Mrs. Gillette was a lifelong friend of Carry Nation, mlU- tant prohibitionist. IF 70U MISS THE RBQISTER CALL 157 OB SaOL HOUSE CLEARS DESKS OF BILLS Minor Legislation Is Disposed of Ready for Fight on Tags Topeka, Jan, 23. (AP)—In a brief and quiet morning session, the house today cleared its calendar of bills and adjourned to permit the committees to prepare some more measures for floor debate. The senate was not called into session until 4 p. m. Several previously approved bills were passed by the house and sent to the senate, among them the Blount bill authorizing public grade schools to furnish textbooks free of cost to pupils whose parents are unable to buy them, and the. Reber bill to make payment o^ coyote, gopher and crow bounties optional with boards of county commissioners Instead of mandatory. •: The Reed bill to repeal the branding iron" party registration law came out of the house electio^'is committee with a favorable recommendation. Fight Starts Toniffht. The l^rtslatlve battle over Governor Alfred M. Landon's proposal for a reduction in automobile license fees will get iindec. w*y at * joint meeting tonight of the house and (senate roads iand highways cominittees. Chairman Wall of the hoiise committee predicted that the two groups would name a subcommittee to prepare a schedule of reduced fees out of the more than a dozen scales which have been proposed. Coimt- Ing the administration proposed 60- cent minlmtim scale, 11 schedules have been proposed in as many bills, introduced In the house several license fee bills also have been offered in the senate. Without debate, the house approved the Fossey bill to relieve certato high school districts of th6 payment of tuition for their graduates attending junior college. Applicable to Any. As originally Introduced the bill applied only to Reno county, but the house adopted an amendment by Representative Hodgson (D..) of Rice making it applicable to any coimty containing rural high school and a community high school district. Other bills approved by tlie house, subject to a roll call vote: Waggoner bill authorizing Cherokee county to levy an additional one-half mill poor fund leyy and to Issue warrants in an amount not in:excess of the revenue which would bo raised from a oqe-half mill levy. White bill to change the date of the annual meeting of rural! school districts from the second Friday in April to the last Friday of May. / Ways and means committee bill appropriating $2,000 to the Kansas department of the Grand Army of the Republic. the people express at an election. One result of the amendment, he said today. Is an end to "the dls- ^aceful spectacle of the senate of the United States winding up in a ridiculous helplessness to function." .' He beUeves fUlbusters will be done away with, for they thrive on lack Of time. Jn the past two weeks the tremendous filibustering operation of Senator Long of Louisiana, and Senator Thomas of Oklahoma, has squeezed the senate into helplessness. Under the new amendment there will be no short sessions and no set adjournment dates. "Under a Democratic form of government," said Norris, "the wishes of the people should be crjrstal- lized into law as soon as possible after their wishes become known. Under the old system, not only are these representatives just elected by the people prohibited from entering upon their duties, but they must also stand idly by while the old congress, many of whose members may have been repudiated at the polls, proceeds to legislate for the people." It will no longer be possible, he said, for a repudiated congress to_ were actually condemned in the preceding elections. This, he recalled has been done. t "During my service In congress," he recalled, "I have seen many instances where some members of the senate, who have been defeated for reelection, were absolutely subservient to the will of the executive. And T have seen these siime- men rewarded for their conduct by appointment to offices better than the ones the people had taken away from them in the preceding election." There will be no more of that either, he was confidents Another point he made w-as that under the old system a member of the house did not get started until it was necessary for him to engage In a contest for renomlnation and reelection, while now it will be possible for a member "to show by his works whether he is worthy of reelection or not." Still anothei: gain: Under the old system if no president were elected by the November election, that is if no candidate obtained a majority of the electoral college, the election would be thrown into the 'Old, possibly defeated, house of representatives. Now the "new congress, representing the people's November choice will be charged with that duty. LAME DUCK AMENDMENT IS RATIFIED MISSOURI IS THIRTY- SIXTH STATE TO APPROVE IT STAGE-COACH ERA ENDS A System Established in , 1788 FinaUy Overthrown Today WasWngton, Jan. 23. (AP)—The Twentieth amendment, eliminating defeated legislators from participation to the government henceforth and hastening inauguration of president and meettog time of each new congress, became today a part of the Constitution of the United States. Submitted to the states by congress on March 3 of last year, it was ratified to near-record time, the state of Missouri winning the dis- ttoctlon of being the thirty-isixth .and last needed state to approve put on the statute books laws than this modernization of- the federal BERLIN RIOT FATAL Folitlcal Disturbances in Germany Cause Three Deaths Sunday PUZZLE IN DEATHS Officers Fear Woman Accused of ' Marder Is Mentally Deranged Kiowa, Colo., Jan. 23. (AP)—Despite an alleged confession she smothered her 13-months-old daughter to death and slashed the neck of a 4-year-old-son, officials today had not determtoed whether to prosecute' Mrs. Hazell Howe Spicer for murder or seek her commitment to an insane asylum. J. Nelson Truitt, deputy district attorney who Sunday said the 48- year-old woman had confessed the slaying to him and Sheriff G. R. Brown, expressed the opinion Mrs. Spicer was deranged. She was held to jaU. . The district attorney said Mrs. Spicer, to her signed statement related how she smothered little Doris on • the squalid Spicer homestead and then ranmied a piece of apple down , hy. throat to mislead her husband, Frank, tato beUevtog the child strangled. She| did it, Truitt said she told him, because she feared her husr band iwas going to drive her frorii homeland she would never see the child 'again. She slashed the neck of George several days later, she related, so Spicer would take him to a doctor "and we wouldn't have to come back to the ranch." The boy was not tojured seriously. DeaUis of two other children ire imderl tovestlgation, Truitt said. A baby daughter. Ruby Morrison, was smotbiered, supposedly accidentally, in Los Angeles, to 1023, and a son. 21 months oiA, liieodore Spicer, was drownied to a well near Boulder, several years ago. Colo. Berlin, Jan. 23. (AP)—Three persons died today and nearly 50 oth- cjs were, recovering from injuries after clashes between National Socialists and political opponents. Thirty-five were injured when infuriated crowds sought to break up a National Socialist parade to Buelow Platz, where Ck)mmunist headquarters are located,' and later to a cemeterj'. Four more were tojured In minor clashes during the night in Berlin suburbs. Nearly 100 were arrested. Other disorders occurred in the Cologne district and Leipzig. Three injured at Cologne died today In a hospital. Communists announced they would hold a mass meeting Wednesday in Buelow Platz under the slogan "Berlin stays red." Socialists announced a demonstration for next Sunday lii the Lustgarten. Previously Coihmunlsts announced an "antl- Fasclst (Nazi) week" beginning with a dendonstratlon Tuesday before the Imperial palace in the Lustgarten. Government and political circles believed the Communists fully realized^ yesterday that suppression of the ^Conummlst movement would ensue with the menacing sin^eriority of the police had a cooling effect on the "hotspurs." : ' Sucli attempts at counter demonstrations and clashes with the Nazis as occurred, however, were evidently authorized by the Communist party; The trades unions had warned their memberships not to be drawn into the controversy. Adolf Hitler, the Nazi leadei-. rode safely in a high powered automobile to and from the day demonstrations and last night spoke at the Sportspalast with strong police force guard. PIG SKIN MAY SAVE A FOOT. Doctors Watching Experiment on Victim of Coasttog Accident. Kansas City, Jan. 23. (AP)—A strip of skin peeled from the abdomen of a yoimg pig has been used by physicians at General hospital to a grafting experiment imdertaken to an effort to save the crushed left foot of John Gentry, 6, victim of a coastmg accident. • 'When the boy was taken to the hospital the night of December 17 physicians decided It would be Impossible to save the foot. A member of the staff, however, had read of grafttog skto from the abdomen of a pig. Accordtogly a 35-pound porker was taken to the hospital, scrubbed imtil It was nearly pink, hauled to- to the operattog room, and given an anesthetic. The skin taken from its abdomen was bound tightly to the foot of the injured child. Physicians are watch- tag with Interest the outcome of the experiment. E|bs to 8 Cents in Ltocola. Ltocota, Neb., Jan. 23. CAP)— Eggs were sold at 8 eents a dozen today, a new all time January low on the Ltocoto markets. machtoery. The amendment wUl become operative October 15 next. This is the first fundamental modernization to the federal government stace 1913 when the Seventeenth amendment took election of senators from the legislators and placed it dh^ctly in the hands of the people. Like that amendment, the Twentieth is Intended to make congress, and the executive branch of government as well, more quickly responsive to public opinion. Short Session Ellnilnated. What it does is thlsi The congress elected to November of any year will meet on January 3 of the next year. The president elected in November will take office the following January. Contrast that with the existtog system, established to 1783; to December after the November elections the old congress, full ofi defeated members, comes back and: legislates until March 4 when it goes'out. The new president takes office on that date but unless he calls I a special session, the new congress does not meet until next December, jl3 months after election. Had the Twentieth amendment been to force last October, Franklin D. Roosevelt would be to the 'White House today, and the new congress would be hard at work to place of the present gathering:, doomed to ineffectuaUty. But chaotic confusion would result' from an immediate transfer so the framers of the resolution provided for the October 15 (followtog ratification) effective date. Times Are Changed. The old order was founded to the days of stage coach and horseback travel, when it took months for members from distanf; parts to move themselves to the capital, and It took weeks at least for the election results to become known at the national center. It was clung to by the ultraconservatives who were fearful of too unlimited sway for public opto- lon; by those "lanie ducks" and members antldpattag defeat, who favored a long adjustment period durtog which they could look around for a new job while: cltogtog to the federal pajTOll; by executive officials who found that defeated members looktog for appototlve berths were more responsive to their desires than when the will of constituents controlled them. It was fought also by those who objected to unlimited sessions of congress. Among these was the late Nicholas Longworth, speaker and Republican chief of the house, who repeatedly killed the resolution. NoiTis the 'Victor. ; Senator George Norris of Nebraska Is the^.man who put it over. With unshakable patience he kept on ad- vocattog' his reform. First he con- vtoced the senate, so that to ten years it approved the resolution and sent it to the house six times. In the last Republican house, when big majorities for the G. O. P. were fadtog, Longworth; agreed to a compromise,, but Norris held fast. When the Democrats took the house control the resolution went through. It was submitted March 2, 1932. Two days later the Vh'glnia legislature ratified, not even waittog for a copy of the amendment to be forwarded it by the secretary of state. Before the legislative season of last year had ended, 17 states had given their approval. Legislattu^s all over the country met durtog the first week of this month. As soon as they organized ratfflcatlons began to pom: to until to the last weeks they came two and three a day. There was not a dissenttag voice. ' The "liame duck" was told to chorus that he was no longer wanted. To Meet Annually Jannary 3. The manner to which the amend- ihent disposfes of the lame ducks Is simple. It provides two things: First, that the terms of members of congress expire at noon of January 3 of the year followtog election and that the term of president and vice- president end and begin at noon on January 20. Second, that congress shall meet every year, on January 3 imless another date IB fLked by law. No adjoimmient date is fixed, <^ so there is no short session and filibusters lose the power that limited time confers. The Twentieth, amendment, however, goes further than that to stop a gap that has existed stoce the country's origto. It provide^ for the (Coqtinaed oq 6, Cqt. 7) "-.^-..,;„ •''M*fc...,-. SUMMARIZED HISTORY OF TWENTIETH AMENDRIENT. Washtogton. Jan. 23. (AP)— Here is a thumbnail history of • the twentieth amendment to the constitution: First approved by the senate Februarj-, 1923.. Killed by the house. Adopted, again by the senate ' March, 1924. Not considered by the house. Third passage by the senate,. February, 1926. . House failed to act. Senate approved again January, 1928; house vote, March, 1938, showed majority but not the needed two-thirds. Fifth adoDtlon in seriate, June,: 1929; house approved a • compromise measure February 1931-. Died in conference committee. For sixth time, approved by senate, February, 1932. House: approved with slight amendments same month. Final' agreement, March 2, 1932. The proposal going to the states. First ratification, by Virginia, March 4, 1932. Thirty-sixth ratification; by Missouri, January 23, 1933. ARMIES GATHER JN NORTH CHINA Reports Say Minimum of 150,000 Chinese Pre- : paring for Attack Shanghai. Jan. 22. (AP)—Chinese armies massed In Jehol and on the borders of- that province were reliably estimated • today at between 150.000 and 250,000 troops. With Indications a major Japanese movement. Into the Chlne.se-admlnlstered province will begin soon, the Chinese commanders seemed eager for a fight. [ First complete Information on the dispensation of the Chinese forces was received. Chang Yu-Lln, goy- ernor of Jehol, was reported commanding 36,000 in eastern Jehol. Another 50,000 from Kalgan wefie reported in central and western Jehol. About 10,000 have faced Shan- halkwan stoce that Chinese - cltiy was occupied on January 3. Farther south on the Shanhaikwari-Pleptog railway' were 20,000 between Chto- kangtao and Chingli, 50.000 betweeh Changli, where an American mission is located, and Lwanchow. and ZOr 000 between TIentsto and the.Lwah river. An additional 30.000 arc repdrted In the vicinity of Pieping, about 25 miles south of the southwestern Je hol border. If the Japanese reach Jehol city, capital of the provtoce, they will be to striking distance of the old empire capital of Pieping, now the North China government seat. • . Foreign optolon was that the Japi anese easily could disorganize the Chtoese military defense for Jeho) by occupying TIentsto, port of Plep-i tog.; But It was believed they would not'rls karouslng international feel-i Ing by pressing so far south of the great wall. Foreign dispatches said the Japanese were considering annextog Shanhaikwan, at thfe head of the railway to TIentsto and Pieping, to Manchukuo, and that they already have established a Japanese post- Office there. Chtoese hailed the arrival here today of former President Tuari Chi-Jul, who was long considered friendly to the Japanese, as one of the most favorable developments to weeks. He came with General Chang Hsiao-Liang, military ruler of North Chtoa, they arrived by plane from Pieptog. .. Changchun, Manchuria, Jan. 23. (AP)—Renewed Japanese air bomS"- Ings of Chinese military concentrations In the Kallu district in northeast Jehol province on Saturday and Sunday and conttoued Japanese cavalry activities in the Chlnhsl region, on trie southeast Jehol border, were reported today from the Slhoi- Japanese fronts. < ^ Japanese general headquarteris reported more Chinese troops wer^ entering the disputed province of Jehol (under Chnese administra^ tlon for centuries but not claimed by Japan to be "an totegral part'-' of the new state of Manchukuo). Mil;- itary chiefs expressed the optolon that major Japanese operations to Jehol still were weeks distant. The Japenese command, viewed most calmly the war-like Chines^ gestures but officers asserted Japaii would deal adequately, with them when the time comes to Incorporatet Jehol in Manchukuo... the Japanese, sponsored states in Manchuria. : SUSPECT KIDNAPS DEPUTY Undersheriff Fails, to Search Man He Arrests for Robbery. Hays. Kas., Jan. 23. (AP)—James Com, deputy sheriff of Kiowa county, was kidnaped last night at Greensbiu'g by one of two men he had arrested as a robbery suspect and forced to drive his car 14 nilles north of Hays where he was releals- ed with one of ^he prisoners. The kidnaper conttoued with the deputy's automobile. The man released with the officer was known to him only as Madden. Com arrested Madden and the other man at the Greensburg rall- i-oad station as suspects to the robbery of the Haviland station Saturday nighti He placed the two men to his automobile and started to the Greensburg courthouse, two blocks away. He neglected to search the men for weapons. One of them drew a revolver and directed the officer to drive north of Hays. The officer and his remaining prisoner caught a ride to Greensburg. Cam was robbed of his gun, handcuffs and money. ' APPROVAL fUT ' ON BEER AFTER ; CONTENT nCHT Judiciary Comijiittee De*; feats Motion |;o Limit Alcohol to 2% i TAX NEXT IN ORDER Finance Committee Get^ Bill Now as Vote Pre- ^ dieted This Session ' Washtogton, Jan. 23 (AP) — The ColUer-Blatoe biU toi legalizei 3.05 per cent beer and wtoe won the ap-; proval today of the senate judiciary^committee after an attempt to'limit the alcohohc content Ito 2 per: cent was rejected. The committee adopted an amend-, ment to prohibit sale of thfe 3.05' per cent beverages to^ children, on^, motion of Senator Borah (Republi- ' can, Idaho). : ' The Volstead law modification, proposal now goes to the senate but^' promptly will he refeiired to the fi-;x nance committee for consideration of its provision levytog a tax of $tf a barrel. The move to cut the alcoholic content permitted by the bill was made?by Senator Bratton, New Mexico" Democrat, but was rejected by the' committee 8 to 6. An amendment offeied by Senator. Dill (D., Wash.) to prohibit adver^:- tlslng the beverage In .dry states was": adopted. Vote at 8 to G. The vote to report out.the bill favorably was said by Senator Robin-; son (R., Ind.) to have been 8 to 6. s- The committee's vote was reach-; ed In an executive session of; less than an hour and a half. With strong Democratic support of the bin, leaders have predicted*, that It will reach a vote to! thei.. senate this session. It already has, passed the house In different form, providing for 3.2 per (^ent beer.' President Hoover, aqcordtog to hl9 friends on Capitol HiU. Is prepared;, however, to veto the bill. He has not expressed his viewi publicly. Sponsors of the bill have express-ed confidence that Its constitutionality would be upheld. Instead of attempting to define'^ what constitutes an totoxlcattog- beverage, It merely confines thi- penalties of the-Volstead.law to wtoe and beer of more than 3.05 per cent by weight. This is 3 .8J by volume. The 3.06 per cent limitation is ba&; ed on an official British commls^ slon's report that beef of that con-^ tent Is non-lhtoxlcatlng. 4 All Under 21 Named. The text, of the amendment pro- hibittog sale to minors, reads: "It shall be unlawful to give of sell any of the above beverages toi persons under .21 years of age. ] "Any person violating this provls'' ion shall be subject to a fine of not- exceeding $100 or Imrjrlsonment foi* not exceedtog six months." The vote by which I the bill was. approved was annoimted by Chairman Norris as follows: For: Blaine, Hebejrt, Schuyler, Ashurst, Walsh of Montana; Ktogi Dill and Norris. Against: Borah, Robinson of Indiana; Hasttogs, Auitto, Bratton. and Neely. \ - \ The line-up, WBR the ' same 'on Bratton's motion to limit the alco-> holic content to 2 per cent, • / Three senators were absent, Ste-^ phens, Schall and Black, Norris todicated there would be a fight on the senate floor on tbif advertlstog plohlbltlon. As drafted this would prevent the use of radio for advertising, and would prevent newspapers published In wet states and adyertlslng, beef' to be sold In dry states where salq ot 3.05 beverages was prohibited. The committee's report will be submitted to the senate without dot lay. • "The text of the amendment !pre« venting advertising in dry states? follows: " "It shall be unlawful to advertise, by any means or method, any of the liquors or fruit juices described above, or tlie manufacture, jsale, keeping for sale, orv furnishing; the same; or where, how, from whom, or' at what price the sanie may be ob- tatoed. In any state, territory, oi^ district of the United States, or to any political subdivislm of a state or territory. If by the law to force at that time to such state, territory^ or district. It is imlawful to manu-. factm^ or sell such liquors or fruit" juices. "Provided, however. that nothtog to this subsection shall-apply to newspapers published to foreign' countries when mailed to this cbun-; try. Any violation of the provisions' of this subsection shall be punished^ to the manner provided by law for violations of Section 17 of the na-' tlonal prohibition act." St. Joseph Theater Bams. St. Joseph, Mo„ Jan. 23. (A^)—. Th^ Orpheum theater, a moytagi picture house, burned down here today with a loss of $35,000. ; Erie Prisoner Escapes. ^ C!hanute, Kas., Jan. 23. (AP)—. Floyd Hamilton, 25, held at Erie on a charge of store burglary,! escaped ear)^ Sunday morning;! by sawtog through, bars at a window of the Neosho county jail. Nephew of Lee Dies. Cashlon, Okla., Jan. 23. (AP)—F.< ;B. Stewart, a nephew of Gen. Rob-i, ert E. Lee, died at his home here today after a brief Illness at! tlie age of 65. I .Legion Historian Dies. ; WeUesley, Mass., Jan. 23; (AP)—' Pfcen Putnam, 64, national historian; of. the American Legion since 1920. • is dead after an iUness of several months.
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