FOUR IRONWOOD DAILY GlOBt, IRONWOOD, MICHIGAN SATURDAY, MAY 22, WS. I RON WOOD DAILY GLOBE "Th» Daily Glebe It an Independent newspaper, »upport!ng what It believes to be right and opposing what it believes to be wrong, regardless of party politics, and publishing the news fairly and impartially." -Linwood I. Noyes, Editor and Publish*, 1927-1964. Mrs. linwood I. Noyes, President Edwin J. Johnson, Editor and Publisher Steel Bargaining Factors With the threat of a strike postponed until Sept. 1, labor and management in the steel industry enjoy a rare opportunity to show responsibility in contract negotiations. No one, least of all the public, wants a strike. Steel industry settlements in the past five years have been modest. Even so, the workers, whose average earnings are about $3.43 an hour, not including fringe benefits, are still among the best paid in American industry. They^have demonstrated that they are most interested not in any spectacular pay boost, but in employment security. The industry for its part is nettled by foreign competition. And should costlv labor settlements force steel prices up, the opening will be wider for rival materials such as plastics, glass, and concrete. The steel union will have a new president, former Secretary-Treasurer I. W. Abel, who understandably wants to make his first contract the best obtainable. The pressure upon Abel will not be diminished if, as indicated, incumbent President David J. McDonald contests the election at a .meeting on May 19 of the union's 33-man executive board in Pittsburgh. United Steelworkers negotiators figure they've got some catching up to do. The 1962 and 1963 settlements in steel were below the guidelines set forth by the President's Council of Economic Advisers in its special report of May 3. The negotiators know that the other unions have made big gains recently. The USW people hold the line that the agreement by which extension of th strike deadline was faciliated—a wage boost of ll.oc an hour-"sets the floor for fture bargaining." Their case is made stronger by the industry's high profits in the first three months of 1965. A report by Steel magazine on first quarter earnings for 28 steelmakers shows that returns on sales in the first quarter of this year increased from 5.7 percent a year ago to 6.6 per cent. The companies represented in the compendium represent about 90 per cent of the nation's ingot output. However, if management had had to bear ji labor cost increase in the nature of the ll.Sc an hour provided in the extension agreement, return on sales in the first three months ^of 1965 would have shrunk from 6.6 to about 5.9 per cent. Both management and the union have cautiously criticized the Council of Economic Adviser's report. Union president-designate Abel on May 5 said, "We accept the facts"—that the steel industry can afford a 3 per cent pay rise without increasing prices. But he declined to say whether the union will restrict its demands to the 3 per cent figure recommended by the CEA. A guidepost settlement would limit the pay rise to less than 2c over the extension agreement. An industry background memorandum relies on a different, lower estimate of productivity to contend that output per man-hour in steel increases only 2 per cent annually. It called the CEA report "an obvious attempt to regulate by government pressure wages and prices in the steel industry." So far, despite easing of the strike threat, the demand for steel continues to be strong. Some users appear to be still stockpiling against a new crisis. And, of course, consumption continues to be unusually high. Labor and management have almost three mid a half months to come to terms. Optimism —for a settlement without a strike—runs high on both sides. What's With These Joes? W. Averell Harriman, undersecretary of state for foreign affairs, is the latest government apologisMo have been ambushed in the groves of academe. Attempting to explain U.S. policy in Viet Nam and the Dominican Republic to students at Cornell University, Harriman was subjected to heckling, boos and hisses. Because of the unruly "audience," a scheduled question-and- answer session never came off. At other institutions of higher learning, a State Department team has encountered much the same treatment. The students come not to hear and debate but to jeer and bait. This is the fruit of these students' exposure to mankind's accumulated store of wisdom? This is responsible citizenship? This will clarify issues for those who are genuinely concerned and uncertain about the trend of world affairs. It is all too reminiscent of the methods the Uolsheviks and Nazis used to shout down parliamentary opposition in the days when they were maneuvering for power. There are 40,000 known species of flies. Mom expects to see them all before Dad gets those window screens up. Hie The James Bond books were a spool on spy stories. Now we're flooded with spoofs on James Bond. Is nothing spoof proof? Police carry night sticks; spenders carry night clubs. An adult Western is one that uses older horses. Child Abuse: Search For Remedies Washington-Widespread concern over the most abhorrent of all forms of violence-physical brutality toward children-has led to a wave of enactments by state legislatures of laws requiring doctors to report suspected cases of child abuse. Two years ago only one state—California—had such a law. Today 35 states require medical personnel to report such cases, and their laws hold the doctors immune from any damage suits that may result from their reports. In addition, two states have adopted laws immunizing doctors from civil suits if they voluntarily report child abuse cases. Veteran lobbyists for child welfare reforms recall no other case in which state legislatures have responded so quickly and in such large numbers to a plea for corrective legislation. The reason is that the country has become aroused by evidence that severe maltreatment of children by parents is more prevalent than had been realized. Much of the maltreatment occurs behind the closed doors of middle-class homes and cannot be reached by public authorities unless suspected cases are reported by responsible individuals. Because the doctor, either in private practice or on a hospital staff, is in the best position to make a reliable judgment on whether a child's injuries are the result of assault, authorities thought it wise to require reporting only by members of the medical profession. Reporting a child abuse case is the first step toward giving protection to young victims of parental cruelty. Child welfare leaders are now pressing for* establishment of special child protection facilities which would provide expert investigation of reported cases, social welfare services to the family, and competent decisions especially in regard to future custody of an injured child, which would be in the best interest of all concerned. The term "battered child syndrome" has come into use to refer to the most severely mistreated of all physically abused children. Not until a few years ago did medical people, especially X-ray specialists, begin to notice the curious concurrence of such injuries as bone fractures, head swellings, and certain internal damage in babies and very young children. By the early 1960s, the concept of the battered child syndrome had been formulated and public awareness of the seriousness of the problem had begun to spread. Dr. C. Henry Kempe of the University of Chicago, who led one of the first medical in- vestigatkwsiof the problem, told the American of Pediatrics in 1861 that parental assault was a significant cause of child crippling and death. He observed, however, that many doctors did not recognize it. In a report published the following year in the Journal of the American Medical Association, Kempe described typical features of the battered child syndrome: multiple injuries including bone breaks and bruises, X-ray evidence of internal injuries incurred at various times in the past, leg and arm injuries combined with head injuries,' and injuries to tisssue connecting bone to muscle (caused by rough grasping and swinging of the child). The younger the victim, the" more suspicious the case: many were babies, the majority were under three years of age. 'The actual extent of child battering is unknown. The American Humane Association has cited an "educated estimate" of up to 10,000 cases a vear. A survey of newspaper reports in 48 states and the District of Columbia. showed 662 cases in 1962, but the actual incidence of child abuse is no doubt much greater. A number of studies have been conducted in search of an answer to the question of what kind of person it is who attacks his (or her) young child viciously and repeatedly. These studies make a distinction between battering parents and those who strike their children in anger or impatience or while drunk but show normal affection at other times. Although children of the latter suffer, psychiatric or social casework may produce improvement in the home situation that will be of more benefit to the child than removing him to a foster home or an institution. The child-battering parent appears to be in a class by himself. Leontine Young, a social worker who made an intensive study of 300 child abuse cases, found that such a parent was not given to excited outbursts of cruelty but maintained a coldly and consistently punitive attitude toward the child. The mechanism of such parental behavior is still not understood by investigators. One salient fact has emerged from their studies: most child-battering parents were themselves victims of parental cruelty. They thus seem to be taking out on their children die resentment they felt toward their own parents. Hope of reforming the parents is not high. Miss Young reported that casework had not produced satisfactory results in any ol the cases of severe child abuse that she investigated. An official of the Pennsylvania Society to Protect Children from Cruelty has said: I know of no case of classical cm Id battering in which the child has been able lo remain •afely with the abusive parent," ... .. The National Whirligig By ANDREW TULLY i fight to Implement Article 19 ol WASHINGTON — A s t r o n g! the UN Charter. That art! c 1 e case can be .made for the argu- deposes that nations more than ment that the United Nations as an effective instrument of world two years In arrears in their dues shall be denied a vote in peace is on its death bed. It has! the Assembly. Washington has all but decided, in effect, that it surrendered on this one because cannot protect a peace the communist bloc doesn't want. This decision is inherent in the little-noted resolution circulated by the UN's Special Committee on Peace-Keeping Operations, putting all past obligations to the organization on a it was obviously a fight it couldn't win. What the Peace-Keeping committee hopes is that its resolution will bring a temporary solution to the UN's financial troubles. The organization is all but bankrupt. It needs a fast Today in World Affairs By DAVID LAWRENCE WASHINGTON — How can the United States governm e n t convince Red China that there will be no retreat or withdrawal of America's armed fore e s from South Vietnam until the people of that country are assured of an uninhibited opportunity for self-determination? President Johnson has said many times that the United States is in earnest and will patiently pursue its objectives, even though this may req u i r e many .years. But is he getting his message across? "Let none anywhere falsely assume," said the president the other day, "that the debate freedom permits reflects division on the decisions and decisiven ess which duty to freedom may require. The communisty of free men is a community united — and so it shall remain until neace on this earth is sure anrt ies, cease-fire agreements and negotiated settlements has often failed. If the Red Chinese could be really convinced that the United States will stay in Vietnam indefinitely— that its military forces will continue to protect the people of South VietN a m even if it takes five or ten years— there might be a different story to tell. The path of the Johnson administration is being made more and more difficult by the obvious attitude of appeasement displayed by some important newspaper as well as by various members of C o n - gress. This handicaps the president of the United States and gives aid and comfort to the Red Chinese, ft ft ft American public opinion has not been fully informed as to the reason why a war in Vietnam is directly related to the safety of the United States itself. Any war is unpopular, but a relatively small war in Vietnam today can save the American people from a big war in years to come. What is being done in Vietnam by Amer lean troops and by American policies is to emphasize the resoluteness and firmness of this country's intention to defend the weaker peoples of the world against aggressors and invaders, against infiltrators and subversive agencies. The failure of the United Nations to keep the peace has placed upon the shoulders of the United States government a tremendous burden. But th u s far the president of the United States has not faltered. He is determined to deter the Red Chinese from committing further aggressions. It is unfortunate that the Vietnam war is being prolonged by the encouragement unwittingly given the Red Chinese by American critics of their own government's policy. (Copyright, 1965, New York Herald Tribune Inc.) voluntary basis. In US language, I $110 million to pay its current the resolution declares that "the i debts. Unless it gets this money financial situation of the organ-! somewhere, any discussion of ization should be brought to sol- the UN's future usefulness will vency by voluntary contrl b u • tions by the entire memb e r ship ..." Apparently, the United States be academic. 6 ft A BANKRUPT DEBATING SOCIETY — Russia Is ab o u t has abandoned its stand that $60 million in arrears and the Soviet Union and 12 oth e r, would have to pay about $22 mil- nations must pay their back dues or lose their votes in the assembly. At least, our delegat i o n has not come out against the new resolution, and the word here Is that Washington will go along with it because there is no alternative but stalemate, o a a ANOTHER U. S. DEFEAT — If the resolution is approved, however, the UN will have surrendered its taxing power as vested in the General Assembly. lion to get off the two-year list. France owes about $16 million and would have to cough up nearly $2 million. Other Red block nations in arrears Include Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Poland and Rumania. Presumably, these nat ions would get it up if the UN offered assurances that they could not be taxed in the future without their consent. But stopgap tactics such as these are merely postpon ing The Soviet Union is being told the UN's day of reckoning. At that in the future it would not some point, the UN member- have to pay for any General ship is going to have to decide Assembly operation it opposed, | whether it should deteriorate in- which is precisely the conces-' sion Moscow has been demand- to a debating society, with no to intervene in interna- crises. The U.S. is in defeat for the United States, 1 South Viet Nam and Santo .Do- power ing. The resolution is a major tional which hiterto has supported the principle that the Assemb 1 y may approve any peace-keeping operation that has been vetoed by the Security Council. Almost incidentally, the U.S. has quietly surrendered in i t s mingo because, as Presid e n t Johnson has frankly stated, the UN was powerless to do anything iii either of those countries. And the UN is powerless because that, apparently, is how its membership wants it. Dental Health safe.'Despite what the presict c n t says, however, there are, here and abroad, captious crit i c r, and conscientious opponents of his policies whose objections are given a prominence that is out of proportion to their true significance. This encourages the Communist Chinese to belie v e that if they stick to their present strategy long enough and hold on indefinitely, the Uni ted States government will grow The Washington Scene By BRUCE BIOSSAT WASHINGTON the surface, the - (NBA) —On historic, 151/2- hour "national teach-in" on Viet Nam was a thing of rationality and balance. Both sides were heard in a "debate" on U.S. face-saving device, by means of negotiation, which will be actually equivalent to withdrawal. ft ft it Unfortunately, there are precedents which indicate that the illusory. No one tired and will eventually find a policy. Yet the appearance was truly concerned with the vitality of American demo- c r a c y would belittle an enterprise which drew 3,000 college _ professors and students to Wash- United State's has "riot aiw a y s ington on a warm spring Saturday. The anno u n c e d purpose was commendable, and the display of energy and spirit admirable. The results are another matter. This reporter watched the proceedings first-hand from beginning to end, most often as one of the "teach-in" audience. By their questions, their comment in the audience, their visible mood and their physical responses, the participants in overwhelming majority made plain they came seeking confirmation of their pre-Washington judgments that administration policy in Viet Nam is almost who 11 y wrong. pursued a conflict to the point of victory or to the attainment even of military objectives. The Korean War, for instance, was ended in 1953 by an armistice which to this day has not been formalized by a peace treaty. The peoples of Korea today are ruled by two governments— a Communist regime in the north and a republic in the South. The Communist Chinese have for years dominated North Korea, and the biggest mist a k e which the United States made during the Korean War was to limit its military operat ions and refrain from bombing Chinese bases from which supplies, equipment and troops were sent to carry on the war against the collective forces of the United Nations in Korea. The U. N. is not involved today in the Vietnam situat ion, but there are many persons who are constantly calling for the world organization to part i c i- pate. It is in reality, however, a frustrated instrumentality. The Communists have infiltra ted many of the member countries and are able today to commanri a majority in the General Assembly and' to exercise a veto in the Security Council, so that there is little opportunity for the U.N. to take action toward a durable peace. This unpleasant fact is ignored by most of the proponents of U. N. intervention in the Vietnam controversy, ft ft ft The United States, therefore, now is really testing how far an individual nation can go in seeking to achieve peace and to assure the independence of smaller countries so that they will not be invaded by powerful critic a single approving word about U. S. policy in Viet Na'm or anywhere else. The government was portrayed as stupid, ignorant, arrogant, secret! v e and persistently wrong-headed. The picture the critics gave of themselves as they spoke and responded to the debate was of individuals uniquely sensitive to the needs of the Vietnames and other suffering peoples, better informed than the administration as to the facts of the conflict, confident we have no business in Southeast Asia, qualified to state categorically that a U. S. withdrawal from South Viet Nam would cost us little or nothing in a Cold War struggle they sharply deplore. By W. LAWRENCE, D. D. S. Dear Dr. Lawrence: Could you in your column discuss gumboils? I think I have one. It comes and goes and doesn't give me much trouble, but I'd like to know what caused it and what I should be doing about it.—Mrs Edith W. A "gumboil" or parulis is a by-product of periodontal d i s- ease (pyorrhea). It appears on the gums as a slightly raised, small red "boil" with a tiny opening in the center. This opening communicates with an infected gum pocket next to the tooth. Accumulated waste products of infection (pus) fill the pic k e t and then drain out through this opening. Drainage is nature's attempt to get rid of infection. When the pocket is drained empty, it heals; when it fills up again, the boil recurs. They ft ft accept the Viet Cong Disease which produces b o ne loss and pocket formation around the teeth is called periodontal disease. Its causes are not fully undstood but are thought to be mostly local in origin. Some common, contributing causes are: prolonged trench mouth infection, crooked teeth, faulty "bite", bruxism (night griding), poorly contoured fillings, poorly fitting bridges and partial dentures. Each of these may be further aggravated by old age, inherit e d tend e n c y, poor gene r al health and poor mouth hygiene. Treatment consists of scraping and planing roof surfaces and.cutting away diseased gum tissue, thus eliminating the pocket. Sounds horrible doesn't it? It isn't though. Modern techniques and know-how have simplified the procedure and pain killers give excellent proof. Best treatment, of co u r s e, is prevention. Early diagnosis and treatment of periodont a 1 disease can prevent formation of gum pockets and associated ills. Gumboils are not uncommon in children, but they mos 11 y come from infection that begins inside teeth, i. e., deep decay or damage from a fall, etc. Since infected baby teeth will be replaced by secondary teeth, infection is best eliminated by removing the tooth. Antib i o t i c s are sometimes used to control infection around ft ft ft Contrary arguments, no matter how seemingly well-buttressed with fact, were generally greeted with skepticism, scorn and derision. Utterances which supported the views they brought with them 'were endorsed with smiles and warm applause. When they broke up a ha 1J hour past midnight, there had been no vocal sign that any critic, whether professor or student, had changed his mind. In the whole ISMs hours, I did not hear from the lips of any Ironwood Daily Globe Published evenings, except Sundays by Globe Publishing Company, 118 E. McLcod Ave., Ironwood, Michigan. Established Nov. 20, 1919, (Ironwood News-Record acquired April 16 1921; Ironwood Times acquired May 23. 1948.1 Second class postage paid at Ironwood. Michigan. MEMBEB OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Press Is entitled exclusively to the use 'or republcatlon neighbors and deprived of their n ' ewasl pap h er. of liberties. The goal of America is just as idealistic as it was in World War I, World War II, and the Korean War. The argument being made by the isolationists and the neo- isolationists is that the United States cannot possibly win in Asia and that hence the best thing to do is to surren d e r through "negotiations." But the American government lias found thai toe signing of peace treat- patches. Member of American Newspaper Publisher* Association. IntersraeriCM Press Association, Inland Dally Press Association. Bureau of Advertising, Michigan Press Association. Audit Bureau of Circulations. Subscription rates: By mall within • radius of 00 miles—per year, $9; ill months, $5; three months, 13; on* month, VI .50. .No mall subscription* sold to towns and locations where carrier service IB maintained, year. SIB; one month Elsewhere—per St 50 All mail KiibMcri|)liDii.s payable In advance. By carrier, 820.8U per year la advance! by th« week, 40 cent*. guerrillas as the spearhead of a great popular uprising in t h e south, judge our bombing of the north as inhumane and useless, say at one time that Vietnamese Communists can hold to a Titoist independence of Peki n g and at another that Chinese Red domination of the region is inevitable and we must accept it. This self-portrait of the assaulting academic forces was much the most interesting phenomenon of the national teach-in. As with so much of their prior criticisms, this modest minority of the academic community showed Itself to be largely unconcerned either with hard evidence on Viet Nam or the harsher realities of America's world position. Convinced of the government's folly, they gave their own arguments the ring of final truth, though some of these same men would have let Greece and Turkey go Communist in 1947. (they oppose the Truman doctrine of aid), and their older counterparts dared to content on the 'eve of World War II that Hitler's "villainy" was in part an invention of British progaganda. Like their brethen bef o r e World War II, they focused heavily on social and economic reforms as the answer to everything. Help provide these, they said, and there will be no need to fear domineering power-seekers— Red or otherwise. ft ft * This emphasis may supply a key. The critics are not really alone in deploring war. They are unique, however, in their deep annoyance at war's tendency to interrupt the social revolutions they count upon to end the world's strife. This gives added force to their natural distrust of the military. And it helps explain why they want an America incredibly pow- in the postwar world to Day in History By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Today is Saturday, May 22, the 142nd day of 1965. There are 223 days left In the year. Today's highlight in history: omthis date in 1807, Aaron Burr, Revolutionary War hero, former vice president and slayer of Alexander Hamilton in a duel, went on trial in Richmond, Va., charged with treason. Chief _ _ Justice John Marshall presided teeth and gums while treatment at the trial ending in acquittal Aug. 3lst. On this date In 1819, the first steamship to cross the Atlantic, the Savannah, left the port for which she was named and arrived in Liverpool June 20. In 1856, Rep. Preston Brooks attacked Sen. Charles Sumner with a heavy cane as Sumner sat at his desk in the Senate. The clash marked the tension between slavery and antislavery forces. In 1918, German air force planes attacked Paris. In 1939, Germany and Italy signed a 10-year military treaty. In 1945, Britain made new new cuts in meat and soap allowances. Ten years ago — Israeli and Egypt forces fought with artillery, mortar and machine gun fire in the Gaza Strip—the third clash in a week. Five years ago—Turkish Premier Adnan Menderes ordered tighter martial law restrictions in Ankara, following student demonstrations. One year ago—Mrs. Madeleine Dassault, wife of the French multimillionaire plane maker, was kidnaped in Paris. draw back from risk, to sheathe its power except in the fi n a 1 emergency of survival. If we do this, if we dedicate ourselves totally to pressing for reform here and everywhere, the critics seem to say, then a world geared for centuries to the use and abuse of power will abandon this course. It was this dream—which no one can demean — that they acted out with some fervor in the great teach-in. But at half after midnight, the anchor of reality began once again to tug at the fervently advanced illusion. is in progress. But unless the condition is treated and the cause removed, they give only temporary relief. Please send your quest ions about dental health to Dr. Lawrence in care of this paper. While he cannot answer eacb letter personally, letters of general interest will be answered in this column. Record of the Past 10 YEARS AGO — Temperatures: High 81, low 54. . . .Alfred Naegele, a senior at St. Ambrose High School, won first place in the high sc h o o 1 photo contest which was held at Superior State College in conjunction with the eight annu a 1 tri-state scholastic press association held April 15. . .Scoring in every event, a strong Houghton Gremlin track and field team retained its U. P, .Glass "C" cinder championship at fts- canaba last Saturday. •20 YEARS AGO — Temperatures: High 65, low 35. . .The Gogebic Country Club golf course is now officially open for play, and with sunshine following the last rain the course is in good condition for playing and improving right along. . .Members of the Luther L. Wright High School ROTC rjfle team, winners of the William Randolph Heart trophy in the annual competition in the sixth service command, will be honored Thursday evening, at a banquet at the St. James Hotel when Don Gillies, rifle and outdoor editor of the Detroit Times will present the Hearst trophy to the team. Akron, Ohio, is known as the "rubber capital of tbe world."
What members have found on this page
Get access to Newspapers.com
- The largest online newspaper archive
- 11,100+ newspapers from the 1700s–2000s
- Millions of additional pages added every month