rou» IRONWOOD DAILY GLOBE, IRONWOOD, MICHIGAN FRIDAY, JULY 16, 1965. IRONWOOD DAILY GLOBE "The Daily Globe is an independent newspaper, supporting what it believe* to be right and opposing what it believes to be wrong, regardless of party politics, and publishing the news fairly and impartially." —Linwood I. Noyes, Editor and Publisher, 1927-1964. Mrs. linwood I. Noyes, President Edwin J. Johnson, Editor and Publisher The Reserves Riddle Secretary of Defense Robert S. McNamara is learning that Congress is a deliberative body. Since the Berlin crisis of 1961. which showed that many reserve units were undermanned and under-equipped and that many individual reservists were poorly trained, McNamaia has been trying to eliminate flaws in the reserve structure. A Pentagon reserves reorganization plan was .put into effect two years ago, but only aft'.-i it had been revised to meet criticism by a House Armed Services subcommittee headed by Mep F. Edward Hebert (D La.). Now the same subcommittee is resuming hearings on a McNamara plan for further streamlining. McNamara at a Pentagon news conference of Dec. 12 had announced plans to cretre a single Army reserve force 550,000 strong, under management of the National Guard All Army Reserve units not transferred to the Guard would be eliminated. All individuals not assigned to a specific unit would be placed in an inactive manpower pool. The Secretary maintained that he needed no additional authority to cany nut the me.rger other than a simple change in the defense appropriation for the Guard and Reserves. Congress—in this case Armed Services subcnn,mit- tees of both House and Senate — said No McNamara joined Rep. Hebert on M;>\ 15 in a press conference which reconciled si-me of their differences. McNamara said that the Hebert subcommittee hearings had "indicated that certain legislative changes are neuesvary if the realignment play is to fully achieve our ultimate objectives." Subsequently the House underlined the Hebert negative in dealing with the Defense Department appropriations bill. Acting on lecommendations of its Armed Services Committee, the House included 8504.8 million above the Pentagon requests for the Army's Reserve and Guard forces This provision contemplates continuation of both forces at tlieir current combined strength level of 650.000 men. Tlie Committee's report had said thai ^his provision, coupled with denial of S459.S" million for a merged Reserve and Guard, was not intended to imply that the Committee bad "taken, a position either for or against' McNamara's merger proposal. The report said the Committee only approved separate funding "pending legislative action?! implementing reorganization. Hebert is not threatening as- his subcommittee resumes hearings «.»n the McNamara gambit. "The committee members will make up their own minds," he said in annplmriiig the new sessions which begin on Monday. "If they don't want a merger there won't be a merger." The citizen soldier, or reservist, has bec'n a fixture of American life since colonial times. George Washington in his Sentiments on a Peace Establishment proposed that all "able- bodied young men between the ages of 18 and 25 be drafted to form a corps ir every state ... to be employed whenever it mav become nr.res- sary in the service of their country." Since colonial times Congress has insisted on having its say about the size, equipment, training, and conditions of service of the militia - a lesson which Secretary McNamara is learning very thoroughly. Man of Many Talents Fortunate are those who. unlike most of us, have a second vocation to fall back upon should unforeseen circumstances add them to the rolls of unemployed. That ace in the hole, that umbrella for a rainy day are reassuring. One of our more distinguished citizens has a huge stock of those "rainy day umbrellas." Employed now and with the prospect that his contract could be renewed for another four years in 196S, he could, if need be, possibly turn a former vocation or any one of his present evocations into the ammunition to keep the wolf away. Described by one writer recently as "a teacher on leave from a Houston classroom," this rhap could elect to return to the profession, probably as a teacher of contemporary history. Then, too, he might try his hand at raising beef cattle and, as a sideline, he might moonlight as a barbecue chef. He could even bottle and sell a barbecue sauce that he has won high praise from epicurean friends. Though a bit old for the racket, he might try over-the-road racing. He has been known, in the past, to have gotten a car over the highway at speeds that confounded drivers following him. Should none of these appeal, he'd still have a card up his sleeve. He is understood to have close connections and considerable influence with an entrepreneur in the television business and could just possibly wangle a job of sume sort or other. Call Him Yo-yo Malcolm Scott Carpenter was the first American to make multiple orbits of the earth On May 24, 1962, his Aurora 7 thrilled the country with its three-orbit journey. Having visited space, he's now on his wav in the opposite direction. In mid-August. Carpenter and teammates will dive to a special station 210 feet deep in Mie Pacific off La ' Jolla, Calif. There he'll participate in a 45- day experiment involving living and working below the surface. This courageous pioneer will then have been in the forefront of two of man's most important penetrations of his environment, certainly a remarkable achievement for a lifetime. "Secretary" stems from the Latin word for "secret." Then how come women outnumber men in that field? Life is like a supermarket It offers a wide variety of attractions, but we always end up at the check-out counter. Passengers who won't jnove to the rear of the bus don't realize that the back "^ts there as soon as the front. Price of haircuts is up af/ain. Nobody can accuse the Beatles of being dumb. Fast Solution Could Be Dangerous (Copyright 19U, King r««tur«« lyndlcit*. Inc.I By lohn Chamberlain One of the worst features ol the bog-down of the .war in South Viet Nam is that it puts great pressure on Lyndon Johnson to get a fast settlement of the crisis in the Dominican Republic. But a quickie in Santo Domingo might be the very worst thing that could happen. As of this moment of writing, the news is that the formation of a provisional Dominican government is in sight. The name of Hector Garcia Godoy, foreign minister in the old |uan Bosch government, is being mentioned by, the OAS as possibly acceptable to both the rebel faction of Caamano and the junta legime of General Tony Imbert. But the choice of a pro- nsonal president is only the veriest beginning of a temporary solution. i If the inauguration of an interim regime is tp have any meaning acceptable either to the Ujiited States or to the genuinely anti-Castro forces throughout Latin America, certain preliminary conditions must be laid clown. The prime stumbling block to a peaceful transition i^; the question of the guns that were distributed to the street mobs at the outset of the recent revolt. These are still in the hands of people who are amenable to Castroite ma- n|[pulation. At one point in the disturbance.-- at least four hundred vehicles ( \vere permitted to go through the lines from the rebel stronghold iii ; Santo Domingo to the countryside. Presumably the vehicles were chock-a-block with rifles atid ammunition. 'Both the Caamano rebels and the Imbert niita agree that the guns must be turned in. f ut Caamano wants them to be returned to a provisional. government. The junta, on the o her hand, wants to recover them before a osw temporary regime is established. The dif- fcirence could be vitally important, for a pro v sional government might boggle at showing ffie 'muscle necessary to collect the guns for Fi at of offending its supporters on the left. Another thing that must be settled is the si atus of the military. If the rebel officers are t< \ be amnestied and returned to their old jobs, " h ?\v trustworthy will they be? And who is to be the boss of the military anyway? This is the key job in almost any Latin American land. The more starry-eyed among North American liberals would like to see a temporary regime in the Dominican Republic that would not be under the protection of the military. But this is a utopianism that makes no connection with Latin American realities. An}' Latin American government must rest on guns of a sort If you get rid of the regular army bV turning things over to a constabulary, as happened in Nicaragua and an older Santo Domingo, vou are likely to get a Somoza or a Trujillo out of it. On the other hand, if things remain under the domination of an orthodox military establishment, little progress is made toward democracy. The best compromise under the circumstances might be to follow the' suggestion ol that able student of Latin American affairs, Peter Nehemkis. Mr. Nehemkis, a Washing ton lawyer who has represented American corporations in South America, outlines a program under which the United States would back Latino military establishments, with the proviso that they use our money on sjrand- scale economic construction carried through by local army engineers corps. 'Instead of supporting a Dominican military force that sits in its barracks eating high off the hog," says Mr. Nehemkis, "why not put soldiers to work planting thousands of seedlings to restore the ravaged island forests?" Traditionally, the Latin American military establishments have been the road and bridge builders of their lands. "The engineers' ap proach," says Mr. Nehemkis, "should be mag- nifid to include hospital and school construction." This would be a return to the ideas ol the original Latin liberators, Bolivar and San Martin, who saw the military as a force foi freedom. / Some of these points should be firmly understood before carte blanche is given to any coalition group in Santo Domingo. Once the U.S. troops and the OAS have departed, it might be too late. A Little Child Shall Lead Them Today in World Affairs not been victorious over European dictatorships. Now, with irre- By DAVID LAWRENCE ] doesn't like, there are many fT^lf^!^ 6 ^ 6 ^ ^S" WASHINGTON - Eduardo i members of.Congress w h o ' ^ionTcrbe'eSed.^St The National Whirligig b» MeClure New«p«per Bynrllcatel By ANDREW TULLY WASHINGTON - Well, w c all summer Instead of dancing the Watusi is not a prime candidate for spoiling. * o ft NO WHILE HOUSE BRATS— Actually, we've been lucky In the kind of White House kids we've lived with for the past 20 years. Margaret Truman was a girl of common sence and charm, and John Eisenhower lived up to his commission from p a residenrshe%ho"u7d'Vsign West &int which sale- he was didn't have enough public palns-ln-the-neck, so now we got some scolds taking pot shots at Luci Johnson for getting h e r- self baptized a Roman Catholic and letting Pop buy her an expensive sports car. It seems to be the premise of these thyroid types that b e cause Lucl Is related to t h e from the human rare and 1 n stall herself under glass d u r Ing her residence In the White House. She Is not supposed to have any second thoughts about religion and if she must gad about between Job and home her critics Imply she should do do so in the latest surrey with fringe on top Luci and her sister, L y nda Bird, of course, are learning House child— that they are public property and thus targets for every frustrated crackpot capable of expressing himself in a series of grunts. Even when they reek a different path to the Almighty they are treated by some people as if they had been caught robbing a filling staUon. H it 6 LIVING HER OWN LIFE —I assumed that a a woman's — rc- what other White ren nave learned have always man's — or llglon is his own affair, t o which he answers only to Somebody up there. The argument as to whether Luci should have been baptized a second time is feckless; she wanted the second world wars the countries of this baptism and the church she hemisphere would have suffered i was entering accommodat e d badly if the United States had, her. And after all. at 18 a girl is privileged to desire a little ceremony when she espouses a new faith. Similarly, I reject the premise , ~ ,, i wotilfi hp willincr rn pnrt it n f' "»""»» umi uc ici-furizieu. ou u that her father is spoiling Luci Frei, president of Chile, in al wouw be willing to end it at, }s more th£m eyer lmport a n t by let ting "her tool about Wash- speech delivered in Paris om Monday, unwittingly did a disservice to the people of his own tnat countries like Chile should country and the cause of unity in this hemisphere when he and cer tainly the grants criticized the United States for what he called a "paternalistic policy" toward Latin America, and urged that Europe join the countries of South America in a new "Alliance For Progress." Senor Frei declared also that grs" aloi of'money" not only does he favor trade between Chile and any Communist It is doubtful whether any not scorn the aid of the United combination of European coun- states and snould manifest, a t tries would make even a major ington is a Stingray She wanted it, and her father could afford to pay cash. And I suspect Lyn- not only an officer but a gentleman. We may never see a s pretty a picture as was given us by the two lively Kennedy tads, Caroline and John. Both Lynda Bird and Lucl have lived up to this tradition. They have not married any third-rate bullfighters or " the can-can In any nlghtclubsroi clipped any headwaiters in the mush as some of our best- family, suburban-type kids d o . Lucl now wants to be a nurse* but I will not consider it a national catastrophe if she later decided to turn to poetry or cryptology. She is still only 18, bless her, and like any other youngster she should be permitted a certain amount o ( mind-changing. 6 * * SENSES OF HUMOR — There are signs that both these nice girls have what the thinkers call a social conscience. Both have pitched in and helped Pop woo the electorate, and they seem to be aware that there are people who could use a helping hand. In doing so, the y have managed to preserve a sense of humor, which s u g - gests they resist the temptation to take themselves too seriously. In this, they might s t u d y the life and times of Margaret Truman, particularly Meg's attitudes during one of her trips to Europe. Paris is still charmed by the day Margaret arrived and was asked if she planned a visit to the Palais dp Chaillot . .^« u *„ U v,,.._ „„,,,....,, v.,v.~ „.„., don Johnson got a bigger kick to see the United Nations As- fraction of such a contribution, Itude for tnis protective, if not out of it than Luci did, because sembly in session and certainly the grants and paternalistic, policy. that is the way with Papas. I "Palais de Chailoot?" a s k ed loans by this country far exceed i Tne president of Chile over- Moreover, a girl who is work-; Margaret. "I a 1 w a y s thought those made by Europeans in the! looks tne fact tnat tne United ing in an optometrist's office I that was a nightclub." past. A good many members of sta t es today is willing to inter-i Congress would like to see Eur-! pose its military as well as its! opean courit rles take over the economic power to prevent Com-! Ontiro "AlHorino TTVlt* T3Y.rtrri-ae.p»» I . . . r . -. ^ _ entire "Alliance For Progress and save United States taxpay- o o a this is aside munist imperialism from making inroads in any Latin-American country. This altruistic purpose is apparently ignored by People's Forum WAKEFIELD PATROL BOYS i-wtt.il V1111C CU1U aiiV ^UillillUlUOb A 11 4-1,* : •_! r i i T. ... -J. " " *-»»»*^« »*j»jm^ » rm * country, but would support the L * L"l lsh f^f eMfrom( t h e the president of Chile, despi t e| Editor Daily Globe: re-entry of Cuba into the Or- f ac * that by protecting this hem- the long record of help given byi we have taken tl v, wuuij wx ^uwu. niMU u-ijv. WA icnhorft ffr»m irtiraet^v, *->,*» TT«lf fU*« «~..«4. *- T _*.* — A i _ _ ... . . ganization of American States as well as a reorganization of that body so as to achieve "a balance between Latin America and the United States." The speech reflects serious misconceptions of the traditional policy of the United States and is a discouraging development with respect to Latin America as a whole. For if a country as advanced as Chile, to which the United States has repeatedly given assistance, does not understand the role of this country in protecting Latin America against aggression as well as against Communist subversion which can lead to inter- na'l friction, then much of what has been done by the United States appears to have gone for naught. o a o "We are a small country," said President Frei. "We do not want to recognize hegemony of any sort. It is a fact the United States is a world power and it exerts hegemony in sev e r a 1 parts Of the world. Among the isphere from invasion, the United States assures the soveign- ty and independence of the Lat- this country to Latin Ameri c a in the past. (Copyright, 1965, New York in-American countries. In both! Herald Tribune Inc.) The Washington Scene people of Latin is a desire for America there true politic a 1 and economic independence. I want a system without hegemo ny.'V ' The policy of the United States is not, by any stretch of the imagination, based on a desire for one inch of territory In Latin America. The history of recent years has shown that the sole objective of this country has been to do what the Monroe Doctrine originally contemplated —namely, to keep any European power from establishing a foothold by gaining control over any government in this hemisphere. Chile is one of the countries that has long been protected by the Monroe Doctrine and has benefited from the economic aid extended by the United States. In fact, if this country today abandoned the principle of the Monroe Doctrine and the resolution adopted by the Organization of American States expanding that same doctrine, it would not be long before Chile would be nominated by Communist imperialism, just as in Cuba. 009 There are plenty of people in the United States who think that By RAY CROMLEY WASHINGTON (NBA) — Superintendent James J. M c Namee, of the Philadelphia Police Department, constructed a "grocery store" and a "finance office," complete with mannequins and props, in the middle of his police training facilities. He then selected 60 police officers with reputations for judgement and ability with firearms. Scripts were prepar e d and, one after another, officer teams were placed where they could hear but not see what was happening in the "store" o r "office." Once the officers.ex- posed themselves they were given three seconds to d' cide what action to tak. Afterward, they had to justify their decisions. After eliminating officers who failed in these practice sessions, teams were made up, trained and planted in Philadephia business houses during regular hours in a play at catching robbers in action. a <t * Among the results: A robber caught red-handed holding up a grocery admitted 12 other crimes. A bandit arrested during a robbery cleared up 20 previously uncolved cases. Publicity on these planted teams seemingly had a psychological effect; Philadelphia robberies declined. Superintendent McNamee is a graduate of the FBI (Federal Bureau of Investigation) N a - tional Academy, which is 30 years old on July 29. McNamee's technique is typical o f the way the academy trains local police officers. It seems almost impossible to believe today, but in the early 1930s —in the era of John Ironwood Daily Globe Published evenings, except Sunday! oy Olobe Publishing Company, TIB E. McLcod Avc., Ironwood, Michigan. Established Nov. 20. 1919, (Ironwood A *« 1 I . lisuiuusiieu muv. ZU. IVtV, 1 Iron WOOO America IS Unappreclatlve I News-Rncord acquired April l« 1921! of the aid already given and who argue that about all that the United States gets out of such assistance is more criticism and suspicion of its motives. Each year it is 'becoming harder to put foreign-aid bills through Congress, and the president of Chile has not helped the cause of co-operation with ' Ironwood Times acquired May 23° 1948.) Second class postage paid «1 Ironwood, Michigan. MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Press Is entitled ex clusivety to the use for republcatton of all the local news printed In this newspaper, as well as all AP newt rtis catches Dillinger, "Machine Gun" Kelly this means to present the status of the Police Patrol Boys Scrap Iron Fund, because of Incidents which took place at a recent meeting of the Wakefield City Council. One council member questioned the policy, that the officers of the Police Department have in providing funds for 1 the Patrol Boy trip to the State Fair each summer, in that reports should be "Baby Face" Nelson and "Ma" made snowin B monies collected, Barker - there was s t r o n g| "It c* public clamor for a powerf u 1 j that this is a city function, due U.S. national police force. Gangsters made a mockery of] law by pulling crimes and escaping across state lines in fast getaway cars. These mobs seemingly were becoming too well-organized and too technically competent for many local police forces to handle. One opponent of a national police force was J. Edgar Hoover, then as now head of the FBI and the man most likely t o have been chosen head of such a police force had it been e s - tablisheri. Hoover argued that centralization of police power was dangerous tc democracy. * * * At Hoover's recommendation, the federal government set up a national police training academy instead of the national police force. It was to train police and only as requested by local police agencies. The academy's aim was to enable local police to move technically so far ahead of the criminal and his highly paid attorneys that he not only would be caught but convicted as well. In the past 30 years, the FBI National Academy has trained 4,700 police officers. It now graduates 200 a year. President Johnson has asked for a six- fold expansion that would result in 1,200 graduates a year. In this day when there is so much pressure for the centralization of authority, it is interesting to remember one case i n which a man fought against more power for himself. Timely Quotes In a country where the Emperor Caligula made his norse a senator for life, titles and honors don't mean much —An Italian newspaper, on the appointment of the Beatles to the Order of the British Empire. to the fact that officers used city trucks to haul scrap iron. We feel that an inference was made here, to the effect that the officers are not conducting the scrap iron fund properly. Now then, we wish to express our thoughts on this matter as follows: We have conducted these Patrol Boy Scrap Iron Funds since 1961-62 to provide funds for the annual trip to the State Fair at Escanaba. This was undertaken as a token of appreciation from the police officers and Day in History By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Today is Friday. July 16, the 197th day of 1965. There are 168 days left in the year. Today's highlight in history: On this date in 1945, shortly after dawn, a blinding flash of light never seen before Illuminated the desert near the Alama- gordo Air Base in New Mexico. The first atomic bomb had been exploded. On this date In 1821, the founder of Christian Science, Mary Baker Eddy, was born. In 1918, the Bolsheviks murdered Czar Nicholas, Czarina Alexandra and their four daughters and son. in 1943, President Franklin D. Roosevelt and Prime Minister Winston Churchill told the Ital- to decide whether "die for Mussolini ian people they would and Hitler or live for Italy and civilization." In 1954, 10 workers were killed in a fireworks plant explosion at Chestertown, Md.; three were killed the same day in a fireworks factory blast in Chicago. many other public spirited and Ten y ears a S° — The Buda- Interested people for the splendid service provided by Patrol Boys towards safety, responsibility, character building, respectability, and many other sound traits. We have given freely of all our off duty time and have Worked very hard towards the above mentioned goal. Furthermore, this Patrol Boy Scrap Iron Fund, is not a city function, rather, It Is a function taken on freely by off duty police officers, fire chief and others. The city trucks involved at times, are merely a city government part of their donation towards the goal as per past city managers and councilmen. The city of Wakefield has never contributed to this fund, financially— only materially. Each year all monies have been placed in the First National Bank at Wakefield and used as needed for the boys' benefit. It has now come to a p o i n t whereby we feel \ve are oelng unduly criticized in our operation of the Patrol Boys Scrap Iron Fund. Therefore, it is with deep regret that we inform the boys that this year will close out our fund raising activities for their benefit. Throughout the y.^ars, the boy's have all been wonderful boys to be with. This year there are 93.boys. We also wish to take this means of thanking all the many people and firms and boa r d .s which have cooperated in this effort tremendously. May - TO state also, that it seems, likely Latin America utterance. by his lat e s t Economic and military aid by the United states to Latin America from the close of World War II to June 30 this year has amounted to about $10 billion, of which nearly $1 billion has gone tO Chile. If this IS the "pat- i subscriptions "payable" ln"advance.'"5y ernalislic policy" that Chile|u?. rr weeif 0 « 80 o«Ui. year to adv ' ncei by ol American Newspaper Association. Interamerlcan Press Association, Inland Dally Press Association. Bureau oi Advertising, Michigan Press Association. Audit Bureau o> Circulations. Subscription rates: By mall within e radius of 60 miles—per year, 18; six months, te; -three months, — month, $).50. No mall tubteri. to towns and locations where carrier service is maintained. Elsewhere—per year, $18; one month. SI .SO. All maj] iptlon one Ion* cold group even if they asked me. I I'm a professional fund raiser | and I plan to go back to industry after spending five years working for the party. —Frank Kovac, execative director of the RepubUcjah National Finance Commitf£& refuting rumors that -.nig.- desk was searched because he planned to turn over a list of big party contributions to Barry Goldwater's new Free Sociely Association. i the bank for ..... „ fair trip, it is our plan t-aat if any funds are in excess this year, they will be offered to the high school, to be used for purchase of Patrol Boy equipment. Sincerely, DOMINIC L. VALEBANO JOSEPH JOHNS DONALD LUOMA CASMIER'.KUIAWA ANTON C. VALESANO PETER NAPLE DIMITER DIMITROFF pest Radio reported imprisoned Cardinal Mlndsenty would be given comparative freedom but could not leave Hungary. Five years ago Japanese Premier Nobosuke Klshl faced a demand for his resignation following the government's failure to halt leftist demonstrations against the new Japanese-U. S. treaty. One year ago — Rep. William Miller of New York was nominated as the Republican vice presidential candidate. Record of the Past 10 YEARS AGO— Temperatures: High 64, low 59 .... The Range Art Association is represented in the University of Michigan 1955 Amateur Art Exhibition with three oil and two water color paintings. They are"Old Settlers Home" oil, Mrs. Elmer Mickelson, Erwin Township; "Winter Snow," oil, Mrs. George Johnson, Iron wood; "Flowur Garden," water color, Mrs. S F. Caitpenter, Ironwood; ' "Mine Scene," water ctrt&r, ' Mrs. 1-1 J. HansejVrBessemerr: and "Driftwood, Beaton" Lake," oil, Mrs. 'H. Anderson, Wate- field. , . .Dr. John Pierpontnof Montreal plans to enter a *boat he recently purchased from' a party. inJSweden in the/annual Port 'Huron-to Mackinac Island yacht Vace. The race is 235 rnlles.lQng. Tempera- 62 AGO— tures:" High 72, low Only 1,400 federal motor vehicle use tax stamps have been sold at the Ironwood post office to date. It is estimated this is less than half of the number of vehicles in Ironwood ano: the adjoin- ning townships. t v ' Many coral-reef fishes change color at night,- presumably to make themselves hard to observe.
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