FOUR IRONWOOD DAILY GLOBE, IRONWOOD, MICHIGAN FRIDAY, MAY 21,1965. IRONWOOD DAILY GLOBE "Th* Daily Globe is an independent newspaper, supporting what It believes to be right and opposing what it believes to be wrong, regardless of party politics, and publishing the news fairly and impartially." -Linwood I. Noyes, Editor and Publishe. 1927-1964. Mrs. Linwood I. Noyes, President Edwin J. Johnson, Editor and Publisher New Sights for Puerto Rico A story relegated to the financial paijes of most newspapers last week lias great meaning for the future of Puerto Rieo. The Department of the Interior has granted Phillips Petroleum Co. and allocation to import up to 50.(XK) barrels of petroleum "feedstocks" a day. The imports will be processed by a core petro-chcmi- ca! complex Phillips will establish on the island. The plant will cost at least S100 million. Unofficial estimates place- its eventual value as 1 igh as 8600 million. Phillips first made its petrochemical complex proposal to the Oil Import Administration on May 1, 1964. A public hearing was held in Washington on July 31. There was considerable opposition, because much of the motor fuel by-product of the Puerto Rican operation will have to be sold on the Eastern seaboard, • and other oil companies naturally oppose the new competition. Phillips originally had planned to biiv the bulk of its hydrocarbon feedstocks from Algeria, and that "'as opposed by Venezuela. This impediment was removed by the company's decision to obtain Caribbean feedstocks. The allocation granted to Phillips, Secretary of the Interior Stewart Udall said on May 13, shall be for 10 years "from the date of start-up and operation of the core chemical facility in satellite or other facilities acceptable to the Commonwealth." Phillips first will lay out $45 million for a rore chemical facility capable of processing 50,000 b/d. All profits from the core facility up to $55 million will go to construction of satellite plants. Much of this will be in the form of joint ventures. Phillips has agreed to offer to manufacturers located in Puerto Rico first refusal on chemicals produced by the core plant. Puerto r.ican investors will have the opportunity to purchase up to 25 per cent equity participation in the corporation established to own and operate the petrochemical facility. Rafael Durand, administrator of the Puerto rican Economic Development Administration, told the Oil Import Administration last July 31 that the Phillips program was expected to "generate several hundred millions of dollars of new investment and consequently tens of thousands of new employment opportunities in manufacturing." The jobs which Phillips will create will be relatively highly paid, well above the current level in manufacturing on the island. And they will be jobs for men. Light industry on the island in large part provides jobs for women. Under Operation Bootstrap, Puerto Rico has enjoyed a rate of economic growth of more than 9 per cent a year. Real living standards rise far more rapidly than anywhere else in Latin America and probably faster than in any other under-developed area in the world. The role of investment in new fixed plant and equipment is running over 20 per cent of the gross Commonwealth product. Yet the workforce is increasing faster than the number of jobs. The island has an unemployment rate ot 11 per cent—over twice the U.S. national rate— and a per capita income that remains 75 per tent below the U.S. national average. The Phillips program is understandably desired by the Puerto Ricans. The story of of its acceptance made little stir here, but it is welcome after the headlines engendered by the troubles in the neighboring Dominican Republic. Fear Real Perils, Not the Imagined Men have apparently always feared and resisted change, especially technological change. It should not surprise us to learn that back in the 13th century, long before the beginning of the industrial age, Edward I of England made it a capital offense to burn coal, because of the "dangerous" fumes. But it is hard today for us moderns to believe that the use of chloroform as an anaes- thetic aroused a public controversy only a century ago. It was considered immoral and against the Biblical injunction that pain was man's—or at least woman's—lot. We are amused to hear of the grave warnings of physicians, when the first railroads were built in England, that human beings could not survive breathtaking speeds like 10 or 15 miles an hour—not to mention the mental confusion that would be caused by scenery rapidly flashing by. And not so long ago, in the early clays of the automobile, many cities considered these new-fangled inventions a threat to public safety and tranquillity and passed severely restrictive laws against them, when they did not ban them outright. St. Louis, for one, levied a $10 fee on any motorist passing through. Recalling these and other examples of oui ancestors' irrational opposition to technical ad- Dances, Dr. Glenn T. Seaborg, chairman of the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission, has been moved to coin a new word: "technophobia," the fear of technology. We, of course, no longer suffer from this primitive complaint. In fact, we have gone to the other extreme, embracing changes simply for the sake of change. Or have wi-? Seaborg cites the example of the fluoridation of drinking water, an issue mixing morality, politics and technophobia that still' divides many communities. In Seaborg's own field, popular fears of nuclear energy retard the exploitation of its peaceful possibilities. The public remembers the Bomb and thinks of nuclear power generators as potential bombs. Yet the first use of atomic energy was a controlled reaction; turning it into a bomb was a much more difficult process, There-have been remarkably few accidents since the first reactor was assembled under Stagg Field at the University of Chicago in 1942. During this period of almost a quarter of a century, in no accident was the health and safety of the general public endangered. There are, says Seaborg, plenty of real dangers arising from technology—air pollution, for instance—without worrying about those that don't exist. With a warm spring day as bait,. Dad gets hooked into checking over his fishing tackle. Minority Report on Atomic Power (Copyright 1869, Kll>| Feature* Syndicate. Inc.I By lohn Chamberlain Atomic power is having its setbacks. At Bodega Bay, in California, there is a gaping hole in the ground on the point of land known as Bodega Head. It was dug at a cost of four million dollars by the Pacific Gas and Electric Company, which originally planned to build an atomic power plant there. But the Atomic Energy Commission's division of reactor licensing ruled that Bodega Head was too close to the San Andreas earthquake fault, and the PC and E hole remains to collect water. Two other projected atomic power sites have been given up in recent year, even though they were far from the earthquake belt. The Consolidated Edison Company of New York- abandoned its idea of building an atomic power plant in the New York City borough of Queensland the Rochester Gas and Electric Company cancelled plans for a high temperature gasicboled graphite moderated reactor of an advanced type that was to have been located on the south shore of Lake Ontario. The .causes of the New York City and Lake Ontario cancellations have been variously stated. Both the Consolidated Edison and the Rochester Gas and Electric Companies have denied that safety considerations played a major part in relinquishing their moves to atomic power, but Adolph Ackerman, a consulting engineer from Madison, Wisconsin, read a paper at a recent meeting of the American Power Conference in Chicago that broadly hints a general disillusionment with the idea that atomic power has yet been made foolproof. Mr. Ackerman, as the AEC's gadfly, is not loved by any of the people who want to see atomic power expand But he is the sort of critic who is needed just to keep enthusiasts horn jumping off the deep end. His remarks at the Chicago meeting included a summarv of adverse experiences in various existing atomic power plants that have not hitherto been made known to the public. Some of his facts, v/hicb he dug out of technical papers, trade Iburnals and official government publications, are a Jbit on the hair-raising side. Thus, the Dresden Atomic Power Plant, which is fifty miles southwest of Chicago, has had a fairly lengthy record of shutdowns. On November 15, 1960, it was closed because eight stainless steel control rod drives cracked from stress corrosion. It took six and one-hall months to get the plant back to functioning, and there have been various shutdowns since. At Rowe, Massachusetts, the Yankee Atomic- Power Plant has had its troubles. In 1962 the plant superintendent wrote: "In refueling, we scrapped about §750,000 of core parts, damaged the plant considerably with silver contamination and accumulated two months of downtime that should not have been." A year later a Yankee Atomic Power report "found the control rot! picture gloomy . . . No surefire no-problem choice." At the Elk River Atomic Power in Minnesota there has been "radio-activity in staek gases, surges in piping system, and heat flux irregularities." The plant was shut down *"three months in 1964. Mr. Ackerman lists the shutdowns at the dian Point Atomic Power Plant of Const dated Edison, which was "off full-power for . total of six-and-one-half months" in 1904; at the Hallam Atomic Power Plant in Nebraska. where there has been trouble with "tlirce moderator elments"; and at the Enrico Fermi Atomic Power Plant at Lugoona Beach, Mich igan, where "safer)' devices,, prevented a serious accident" from "a leak in a tube in No. 1 steam generator" that "caused a sodium-water reaction." As an outsider, I am not competent to pas;on the seriousness of Mr. Ackerman's charge that "at the present embryonic stage of development, an atomic power plant does not measure up to the reliability demanded for public utility services." But it is the duty oi a reporter to see to it that pros and cons affecting the safe development of atomic power are well-publicized. After all. an accident in «n atomic power plant could poison a lot of people. -t- • One-Two Punch Today in National Affairs By DAVID LAWRENCE WASHINGTON — Preside n t Johnson has just asked Congress to pass a law that would, in effect, take away the civil rights of the American workingman by coercing him into joining a labor union. If he refuses, he will be punished either by losing his job or by being denied a job in the future in any plant or factory or business establishment where such a union contract with-the employer exists. This proposal, if enacted into law, would wipe out overnight the laws passed by 19 states forbidding compulsory unionization and upholding the right of the individual to work a n y- where without being required to give up his conscientious beliefs. The Supr e m e Court of t h e United States has again and again affirmed the right of a citizen to "freedom of belief." There are many citizens, including some in religious groups, who conscientiously believe that they should not be compelled to join any organization or a private nature. ft ft « President Johnson, in his message to Congress this week, did not make any reference to the Constitutional rights of the citizen, nor did he answer any of the objections frequently raised in the past that the right to work is a civil right. In fact, Mr. Johnson, although disucssing at length a wider coverage of the minimum-wage law, restrictions on "excessive overtime work" and changes in the unemployment program, made no comprehensive explanation of w h y he wants Congress to eliminate the r i g h t-to-work laws of the 19 states. The president's reference to this proposed amendment of the National Labor Relatio n s Act reads in full text as follows: "Finally, with the hope of reducing conflicts in our national labor policy that for sev e r a 1 years have divided Americans in various states, I recommend the repeal of Section 14 (B) of the Tart-Hartley Act with such other technical chances as are made necessary by this action." Although the president submitted the drafts of bills for the other changes that he requested, he did not do so with respect to the amendment that would abolish right - to - work laws. He merely said: "Bills embodying the third (proposal) have already been introduced in Congress." ft o o There is hardly any phase of the problem of labor-management relations about which it could not be said that the issues "for several years have divided Americans in se v e r a 1 states." Also, it is rare indeed ! that an important piece of legislation—such as the abolition of civil rights—does not get any ( m o r e extended explanat i o n from the chief executive than was contained in the message submitted to Congress on Tues- i clay of this week. While Congress has been aware of many abuses that have occurred in the exercise of labor-union power, it has lately avoided corrective measures. In fact, the amount of pres sure exerted by labor unions on Congress and on the executi v e branch of the government has been considerable. It is commonly believed that much of the labor-union influence is due to the amount of money collected from labor-union members and contributed to congressional and presidential campaigns. The federal government, moreover, has been lax in enforcing the Federal Corrupt Tract i c e> i Act. The labor unions get around some of the prohibitions in the existing law by appointing! i special committees, but is well I known that the salaries of many j of the workers on these com-: mittees are paid out of uni o n dues, and the existing statute forbids labor unions and corporations to make any political con- I tributions and defines a "contribution" as "anything of value." ft ft ft The workers in 19 states who have been free from coercion; now may face a compulsory J unionization program. Theoretically, a worker who is employed 1 in a business that Is not inter- j state in character could still refuse to join a union under existing state laws. But the phrase "interstate commerce" has been broadened so much in the re- cent civil rights law in order to remove racial discrimination in hiring employees that it may be doubted whether any substantial number of jobs in any state could be classed today as outside federal jurisdiction. It is indeed ironical that discrimination can be prohibited by reason of race or religion or color but that discriminat io n is to be permitted as a worker Is compelled to join a union or lose his job whenever the union gets the upper hand in any business or industry. In Russia, every plant or factory is dominated by members of the Communist party. In America, the law which compels a worker to join a union could perhaps be similarly utilized to require a worker, in effect, to give his support to the political party which the labor union endorses or to risk the disfavor of union chiefs in the plant where he works. (Copyright, 1965, New York Herald Tribune Inc.) The Washington Scene By BRUCE BIOSSAT WASHINGTON — (NEA) — President Johnson is being portrayed in some influential quarters as having handled the Dominican crisis with a k i n d of trigger-happy impulsiven e ss. The charge is grave and deserves to be weighed with great care. , When so weighed, the charge 1 does not stand up. : Already the President's vehement foreign policy critics here and abroad have accepted the charge as valid and are enlarging upon it. Should this be wide- i ly taken as fact, the result could be to build huge fears of Johni son's stewardship in this trem- i ulbus nuclear age. The President's style is partly to blame. He works so hard and talks so much on television and elsewhere in public that he appears to be running a one-man show. But this is far from true A careful examination of the : facts offers proof. One much-quoted judgement suggests that Johnson ra s h 1 y thrust the Marines onto Dominican soil almost without seeking advice. ft ft ft The fact is that from the time the revolt erupted, several days before he sent in the Marines on ; April 28, the President was in steady consultation— in the White House—with Secretary of State Dean Rusk, Undersec r e- tary George Ball, Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara, McGeorge Bundy. At the other end of a telephone line, in constant contact, was Thomas Mann, undersecretary of state for economic affairs and Johnson's favorite on Latin-American matters. On Sunday, April 25, the "Dominican task force" was set up Ironwood Daily Globe Published evenings, except Sunday; oy Glob* Publishing Company, 118 B McLcod Avc., Ironwood. Michigan Established Nov 20. 1919. Urnnwood News-Record acquired April 16 1931; (ronwood Times acquired May 23. 184B.I Second class postage paid at Iron- •vood. Michigan. MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS i The Associated Press 1« entitled exclusively to the use for repubicatlon of all the local news printed In this newspaper. aa well •• ill AP newt ri.l» natches. Member ol American'. Newspapei Publishers Association, Interamerlcan Press Association, Inland Dally Press Association. Bureau of Advertising, Michigan Preia Association. Audit Bureau of Circulations. I Subscription rates: By mat) within a radius of 60 miles—per year, S9; six months. $5; three months, S3; one month, SI 50 No mall xubscrlptlnni told to towns and locations where carriei sci vice Is maintained HHsewhere- per .•ear. $18; one month SI 90 All mall subscriptions payable In advance. By carrier, (20.Su per year la advance; by i lta> week. M eeuta. in the State Department and began nearly round the clock operations—which of course are still going on. Some workihg members were back in the operations center next morning after little sleep. As a "normal precaution," U. S. fleet units carrying Marines moved out of base early in the revolt period and took up station near the Domi n i c a n shore but they were under orders to stay out of sight over the horizon. Thin-allowed their ready response when the situation on the island deteriorated rapidly on April 28. From the beginning, U. S. alarm represented in fact far more than "normal" cone e r n over threatened American lives. The revolt itself was not unexpected in this country. More than that, strong indications were at hand that any rebellion, If not quickly crushed, might see an attempt by skilled Communist subversives, newly trained in Havana and Prague, to grab the reins. 6 <r * Aside from the State Department's "Dominican unit," Mann has had a special task force In operation since late last year- its purpose to keep tight watch on Red subversive activities in the menaced Caribbean area. The force was created after Latin-American Reds, conferring in Havana last November in a stormy, historic meeting, were given a green light by their Soviet sponsors—who won the day over the Chinese —to step up subversion and terrorism a 11 around the Caribbean basin. The Dominican Republic was on the list of targets, of course. Venzuela's spectacular arrest a month ago of three Red money couriers, an Italian, a Spanish woman and an Argentine woman of Yugoslav extract i o n, exposed the scale of Red plans. ; Hidden in the man's vest and the women's girdles was $330.000 in hard U. S. cash to finance terrorism in Venezue 1 a and perhaps elsewhere. Mann's watchdog task force obviously is but one element contributing to an unquestionably heavy flow of information and advice to the President on the Dominican affair from the outset. However else his actions are to be judged, and. more needs to be said on this score, it seems hard from this record to sustain the charge that, acting on impulse with Insufficient or Inadequate counsel, he made panicky use of American power. The National Whirligig •» Madura Newspaper Syndicate.! By ANDREW TtJLLY WASHINGTON -.Citizens should not be tempted to dance in the streets over President Johnson's order requiring all agency heads and many other Presidential appointees to come clean on their financial holdings and business Interests. It is a slick and a promise where a thorough housecleaning was indicated. Under the new system, which the White House grandly describes as a "code of ethics," top officials will furnish financial statements to the chairman of the Civil Service Commissi o n , who will report to the President on any possible conflict of interest. It will then be up to the President to Judge the case and decide whether to take any action. * * * NONE OF PUBLIC'S BUSINESS — That is the system's weakness, of course. It is too danged private. The reports will not be made available to the public, a fact which permits a cynical mind like mine to harbor disturbing thoughts. All Presidents, of course, are upright men and never happier than when among their flowers, but it is still possible to visualize a situation in which some President would conceal a case of misconduct by one of his aides rather than publicize a scandal that might cost him votes. It is not recorded, for example, that President Eisenho w e r publicly announced the fact that his No. 1 Banana, Sherman Adams, had been caught accepting expensive rugs and vicuna coats from a Boston Industrialist doing business with the government. Harry Truman did not go about trumpeting the pecadil- loes of his boys, and it was not Johnson who revealed that an assistant Secretary of C o m - merce had made a bundle on a stock market tip. NOT PRESIDENT'S PREROGATIVE — I do not buy the concept of recent decades that a Federal official Is a pers o n a I employee of the President. To me, he is one of the taxpayers' hired hands. It is the citizen's dough that goes to pay his salary, not the President's. Therefore, I like to know what my employees are up to. If they are engaged in shenanigans that bring them private gain from a public office, I w a nt them to be exposed on Page 1, and then given the sack. I do not want even the President deciding on his own what to do about some official caught with his hand in the public till. Even the nicest of Presidents can't help worrying about the next election. * * a SECRECY BLOCKS CONFIDENCE — Johnson has stated rather nobly that "Where government is based on the consent of the governed, every cltiz e n is permitted possession of the facts pertaining to his employees' private finances. I do not have "complete confidence in the Integrity" of my government if the business interests of Federal employees is a cozy little secret between them and the White House. There has been some criticism of Johnson's new code on the grounds it may increase the problem of recruiting men of special competence for government jobs. I don't know why this should be true unless the recruits have something to hide. And Jf they do have something to hide, then they have no business going to work for Uncle Sam. This is still more or less of a free country, and I know of no public official who was dragged kicking and screaming into any ermine-trimmed government office on the threat of a good knoutlng. Business Mirror By SAM DAWSON AP Business News Analyst NEW YORK (AP) — Increased military spending may take up some of the slack that is W USfe DAILY GLOBE WANT ADS Day in History By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Today Is Friday, May 21, the 141st day of 1965. There' are 224 days left in the year. Today's highlight in history: On this date in 1832, the first National Democratic Convention was held in Baltimore. It nominated Andrew Jackson for president. On this date In 1881, the American Red Cross was. founded in Washington by Clara Barton. In 1891, more than iVz million acres of North Dakota land were opened to settlement. In 1901, James J. Corbett and Peter Jackson fought 61 rounds in a heavyweight boxing match. The referee stopped the bout and ruled It no contest. In 1948, President Harry S Truman urged Congress to admit Alaska to statehood. In 1956, the first U.S. hydrogen bomb to be dropped from a plane was exploded over Bikini atoll In the Pacific. Ten years ago—The U.S. Air Force started moving the first of its offshore radar islands, made of steel, to Georges Bank, 100 miles east of Cape Cod. Five years ago—A crowd of about 200,000 greeted President Dwight D. Elsenhower in Washington on his return from Paris. One year ago — Ambassador Adlai Stevenson told the U.N. Security Council that the United States could not stand Idly by in the face of armed aggression in Southeast Asia. Record of the Past tures: High 77, low 54 ... Ninety-two members of the. Hurley High School senior class are scheduled to receive diplomas during commencement exercises to be held next Friday, May 27 in the Lincoln gymnasium. . . . The 24th annual Inspection of the Luther L. Wright High School ROTC unit will be held next Wednesday with a public formal review and field day program .... stock car races will be conducted at the fairgrounds this season by the Ironwood post of the Veterans of Foreign Wars, by contract with the county approved by the board of supervisors. 20 YEARS AGO— Temperatures: High 46, low 39 ... L. H. Adolf son, Ph. D., profes sor of political science at the university of Wisconsin and director of the University Extension Division, has been named as the commencement speaker for the Luther L. Wright High School and Gogeblc Junior Col lege. The exercises will be held Thursday, June 7 .... The Luther L. Wright High Sch o o 1 track team won the Class B title with 61 2-3 points in the Michigan high school rcgio n a 1 track .meet held at Wakefield Saturday. predicted if the buying of steel and autos for civilian use dips, from fever pitch. ... Orders for military hardware are cited as a chief reason .that new factory orders for durable, goods rose 2 per cent last month to set another record high. Transportation equipment makers were a chief beneficiary. Civilian car buying is "still at a high level, if off a bit from the peak. But the industry makes other goods, too. And companies with items fitting into aerospace needs are getting fatter orders. Increased fighting in Viet Nam and the crisis in the Dominican Republic also are leading to more ordering of military supplies. Just how much civilian ordering of hard goods may dip from the unusually high rate set in the first months of the year is yet to be seen. One uncertainty at the moment is what Congress will finally do about excise taxes on autos and appliances, and whether the public will take a wait and see attitude about buying until the tax cuts are in effect. Orders of hard goods rose to $22.1 billion in April, ahead of the like 1964 months by 8 per cent. These factory orders mean a building up of backlogs which will keep the lucky firms busy, sometimes for months ahead. They are especially reassuring as the period of summer vacation shutdowns approaches. Steel output has been setting records because of Increased use of the metal but also, in part, because of a desire to build up stocks as a hedge against a strike threat, now. postponed till Sept. 1. Hopes for a labor settlement instead of a strike increased as the union fight over the presidency of the United Steelworkers of America cooled down with David J. McDonald bowing out to let I. W. Abel take office June 1 without further contest. Government economists are' also counting strongly on the still rising total of personal Incomes to keep the civilian sector of spending from dipping even if Industrial output slows down during the hot weather months. In April the seasonally adjusted annual rate of personaj incomes set a record "at $514.5 bil lion, up $700 million from March. One thing helping the rise was a record high in corporate profits that inspired boards of directors to pay out 11 percent more in cash dividends in 1 ; the first four months of this' year than in the like period of 1964. Timely Quotes At the end of World War II, when Ed Murrow bade the Bri- ish people farewell on the BBC, he said "You lived a life instead of an apology." The same can be said of Ed. —Fred Friendly, president of CBS news, on the death of the famed broadcaster. A steel wheel on a steel rail is still the most efficient form of transportation ever -fcvrsed by man.
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