POUR IRONWOOD DAHV GIOBE, IRONWOOD, MICHIGAN THURSDAY, MAY 20,1945. IRONWOOD DAILY GLOBE Th« Daily Globt l» an Independent newspaper, supporting what It believes to be right and opposing what it believe* to be wrong, regardless of party polities, and publishing the news fairly and impartially." -linwood I. Noyes, Editor and Publish*. 1927-1964. Mrs. linwood I. Noyes, President Edwin J. Johnson, Editor and Publisher Right-To-Work Challenge Some 19 bills to remove or amend Section 14 (h) of the Taft-Hartley Act are pending in the special House Labor subcommittee headed by Rep. Frank Thompson (D-N.J.). A preview of the President's labor reform pack- ape was given May 12 by Secretary of Labor W. Willard Wirtz. who told the International Ladies Garment Workers Union convention in Miami Beach that it was part of his job to press for repeal of what is sometimes called the right-to-work law. George Meany. president of the American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations, (old the same convention (hat unions must be freed from statutes that curb their efforts to improve the lot of workers. Specifically on 14 (b), Meany said confidently: "This section we expect to repeal this year." Big labor had inveighed against 14 (b) since the labor law's enactment in 1947 but in recent years it realistically hadn't done very Hindi about it. Now the AFL-CIO Executive Council believes it has the votes in the new Congress. The labor leaders count 221 hard votes for repeal in the House of Representatives, with 218 needed to send the bill to the Senate where they have always been confident of passage. The Democratic parly platform last year called for outright repeal of 14 (b). President Johnson in his State of the Union Message stated flr.tly: "As pledged in our 1960 and 1964 platforms, I will propose to Congress changes in the Taft-Hartley Act including Section 14 (b)." What remained was the matter of priority. The AFL-CIO early in January called all its affiliated brass to Washington for a four- day lobbying job on the new Congress. But it soon became evident that the administration itself wasn't going to be hurried, that "first things," in the White House view, had to do more directly with the Great Society. Now with the education bill signed into law, with medicare sliding down a clear track, with voting reforms assured (in large outline), with a water pollution bill approved, the administration is ready to give labor the opportunity to collect its bill for support of the Johnson- Humphrey ticket and the Democratic sweep in Congress last year. For its part, labor teels easier about pressing for repeal now that its public image has been improved with avoidance of a long strike in steel. Union shop contracts between employers and unions require workers to join a union within a specified period, usually 30 to 60 days in effect, take away from the states the right after being employed. Repeal of 14 (b) would, in effect, take away from the states the right to enact laws forbidding union shop contracts and would make such laws inoperable where they now exist. Nineteen states today have right-to-work laws. Without exception, these are Southern, Midwestern, and Western states, and few of them are heavily industrial. So for all practical purposes, the bitter fight looming up in Congress is over a symbolic rather than a bread-win- ning issue. A fund for the Republic study issued several years ago under the imprint of a committee of which Secretary Wirtz was a member said of experience under a Texas law: "'Right-to-Work' proposals have become a convenient symbol for this purpose (public demonstration of political power) perhaps be- c.iuse, in effect, they do mean so little." Redistricting, by the Numbers It is no overstatement to say that the several states of the Union have not exactly rushed to comply with the Supreme Court's ruling that both houses of state legislatures must be reapportioned on a population basis. Now from Illinois, a state where the legislative deadlock forced the at-large election of the entire lower house in 1964, a political scientist suggests that a computer could solve the problem to the satisfaction not only of tiie court but of the politicians, the people and a state's treasury. According to Prof. Stuart S. Nagel of the University of Illinois, the 90 counties of Illinois could be redistricted in just 81 seconds at a cost of only $5.63 for computer operating time, using data available from the U.S. Census Bureau on magnetic tape costing $112. This is far less than noncomputer methods. New York, for instance, spent $100,000 on redistricting. Perhaps an even more persuasive argument for legislators of whatever political affiliation is that a computer could help them realize the maximum benefit from redistricting. By punching certain numbers on IBM cards, says Nagel, each party could see the maximum number of seats it could obtain and then compromise between the extremes. Politics is supposed to be, after all, the ail of compromise. If computers can enhance the practice of that art, the idea might well be looked into. Humble but Vital Aides Ever since 1783—and maybe even before- when a sheep, a cock and a duck went up in a balloon, animals have shared in man's exploration of the unknown. The 'Russian dog Laika and the little monkey Ham, who were two of the first living things sent into space, are well remembered. And although it will be men and not animals who will make the biggest leaps into the unknown—to the moon and beyond—even the humblest members of the animal world are still playing a vital role in space research. Chickens whirled about in centrifuges are telling scientists at the University of California something about what could happen to men in the strong gravity fields of planets like Jupiter or Saturn. Fireflies are being asked to donate their luminescent chemicals, which men have not been able to synthesize, to be used by NASA tc develop a method of detecting life in the earth's atmosphere and possibly those of extraterrestrial bodies. And the little bee has showed men how tc build the walls of the Apollo capsule in the lightest, strongest way-with honeycomb construction. Hot Time Coming Up in Gotham Chamberlain John Lindsay, the boyish-looking Republican who won his seat in Congress by polling a mere 71 per cent of the vote in his own Manhattan district, has finally taken the bite between his teeth and is off and running for mayor of New York. The move dispels a cloud of suspicion that had been hanging over the head of Governor Nelson Rockefeller, who threw his weight last winter to Democratic Mayor Bob Wagner's men when it came to organizing the New York State legislature. There were whispers at the time that Wagner and Rockefeller had made a "sweetheart deal" to share the state between them, with Wagner drawing a "no contest" type of Republican for an opponet in New York City and Rockefeller being guaranteed a Democratic nonentity as an opposition gubernatorial candidate In 1966. Lindsay's decision to run for mayor is proof positive that no fix was ever in. Speculating on a possible Lindsay candidacy last February 12, this columnist wrote: "Lindsay may deny any intention of running for mayor, but it figures that he must respond to a 'call' if it comes . . . The scene is set for the charger on the white horse. Mayor Wagner may have to fight his last battle not against Bobby Kennedy for state Democratic party control (as has been hazarded), but against the attractive figure of John Lindsay, who could conceivably put him out of politics forever." The word "conceivably" was entered in that sentence advisedly, for Lindsay,, whose congressional district includes the '''silk stocking" East Side and Greenwich Village, could find himself out of his element in Brooklyn or the Bronx. But the murmurs against the status quo in New York go deep. Letters are tyrnp- tomatic. A young man from the Jackson Heights district who has no love for me writes: "And the young want to criticize their elders-heh? Mayor Wagner is the mayor of the filthiest... city in the world, and you feel that the youne stand behind him?" I have not told the young to stand beliind anyone in a New York City contest, and il New York is filthy, why so is almost every other big metropolis in the world. But the detail in the young man's letter has the whiff oi a politically potent realism. "Ever had a cop tell you," he asks, "thai you can avoid a ticket by donating a fin to his personal charity . . . Ever seen junkies on the street whiffing on reefers in sight of a cop on the beat? . . . Ever wait for a subway from the Bronx, or Queens, or Brooklyn . . . during the rush hour in the morning? . . . Ever had a bus driver refuse to stop because he wanted to go for coffee? . . . Ever seen the way the union officials treat die members in any of the construction unions? . . . Ever count the number of bookies on a construction job? . . . Ever see how the boss hands the city inspector a quick Tiunnert' to overlook a small flaw in a freshly laid wall of brick on a city housing project? . . . Where are the Negroes on the city payroll? . . . Now cum 1 can buy a hack license for a yard an a haff" at the hack bureau?. ; ." My correspondent says he is "a good registered Democrat," but he is "off" Mayor Wagner. The question is, are there many more a I home like him? John Lindsay has been encouraged by the polls to believe that there are. Purely a hunch, I think Lindsay will give Wagner a terrific race. Conservatives who would not support him for the U.S. Senate or for vice president will certainly offer no objection to him for the city hall slot. I would expect them to go for Lindsay as mayor eery much as conservatives used to go for the Socialist Jasper McLevy in Bridgeport, Conn. (Municipal liberals are needed to keep federal- izers from grabbing local jurisdiction.) And at the other end of the spectrum there are the three Negroes who, according to my bitter correspondent, "have joined the Socialist movement because they were 'hip' to Wagner." They may not vote for Lindsay, but they v/on't vote for Wagner, either. It's Not All Kid Stuff Today in National Affairs excise taxes. Labor unions, on seeing the increased busi ness and profits for a brief per i o d , promptly ask for higher wages, and the net result is that the public pays a bigger bill than was paid before, when the excise taxes were in effect. There's another phase of the whole problem which is neglected in the general discussion. Income taxes would not have to be so high if excise taxes were handled equitably. Theoretically, excise taxes are supposed to be heaviest on so-called "luxuries." But there is no reason why a graduated scale of excise taxes couldn't be applied which would bear less on what are really necessities than on luxury items. Politically, of course, the removal of excise taxes is popular, and indeed there is pressure By BRUCE BIOSSAT WASHINGTON — (NBA) — By midsummer Sen. Edward M. (Ted) Kennedy's strong hand By DAVID LAWRENCE WASHINGTON — Evidently the "big cut" in income-t a x rates for individuals and corporations enacted last year did not bring in enough revenue to wipe out the annual deficit of t h e federal government. So President Johnson now has decid e d on another cut—this time in excise taxes—which he hopes will stimulate a further expansion of business and result in increased income for businesses. The record thus far shows that for fiscal year 1965, ending on June 30, individual income taxes will bring in a total of slightly less than was collected in fiscal year 1964. Corporation taxes have been estimated at $1.8 billion more, and the federal deficit was figured last January as likely to be $6.3 billion. The president in his message to Congress this week indicated, however, that receipts now are at a rate of $92.6 billion instead of the $91.2 billion in the January estimate. But even this improvmeent still means a deficit of approximately $4 billion. Now the president is proposing a cut in excise taxes which r will reduce treasury receipts by of Democratic politics in Massa- approximately $4 billion. Will! chusetts. Both the governorship expansion of business bring in I and a U. S. Senate seat are at an increase in receipts of around stake next year. ' The whole weird tangle is suffused with the aura of the Kennedy family and their old associates, which is why the nation is looking in on it. Unless Congress lingers much longer, Ted Kennedy s h o uld know by mid-August whet h er Lawrence O'Bri en, his late brother's trusted organizer and now President Johnson's top congressional liaison man, wants to try for either the governor's chair or the Senate. Possibly Kenneth O'Donnell, another veteran of John F. Kennedy's inner circle, will by then have tested the Massachusetts winds enough to decide whether he should make a serious run. From knowledgeable sources, the word is that Kennedy today sees O'Brien as the more salable of these two in a governorship race. The young senator is not yet openly committed in any way. But the people pres sing O'Brien to keep the door open have very high credentials. "ft & ft Some of Ted Kennedy's Mas- from businesses of various kinds to have all such levies repealed. The theory is that sales will immediately increase. But the real issue is how long the benefits will continue and what will happen when it is appar e n t that government receipts are in- adquate and more taxes are needed. Tax cuts in themselves are not a panacea. While business appears to be improved for a while, there are other developments which tend to produce a disequilibrium. The irrespon s i- ble way in which first wages and then prices rise in the national economy is perhaps more than any other factor the influen c e that affects the ups and downs of sales. It is to be noted that the pressure for repeal of the excise taxes has come at the very time when business is thriving and national income is at a record high. (Copyright, 1965, Herald Tribune Inc.) New York The Washington Scene could begin to have decisive ef- 2*5. "°" ria feet on the presently wild course J billion to offset the deficit? It's a big gamble. If it doesn't succeed, the administration will find itself compelled to restore some of the income-tax rates for both individuals and corporations that have been reduced. Already it is planned to raise social security taxes to meet medical costs for the elderly. The alternative, of course, to a raising of income-tax rates generally is to continue larger and larger deficits. This involves a trend toward inflation, whi c h means higher and higher prices due to the decrease in the purchasing power of the dollar. Reliance on the removal of certain excise taxes and the enactment of increases in others Is, however, the new policy of the administration which C o n press is being asked to approve. Everybody dislikes excise taxes, and hence there is apparently a wave of approval for President Johnson's propos a 1 that such levies be removed in the next few years. It may be ...M •ix.ikv *^< v* jf ^cil. O» Aw iilct V UtJ _ _,^ _ _._ MV surprising to some people to sac nusetts contingent doubt that learn that repeal of the excise taxes will not necessarily mean, in the long run, lower prices for the American consumers. Excise taxes are unpopular in retail business because they are an "extra." The storekeeper doesn't like them and shares the vexation of the cust o m e r when, after the price of an article is quoted, the excise tax is then mentioned perhaps for the first time in some instances. In other cases, the excise tax is already included in the net price by the manufact u r e r Even with the repeal of excise taxes, prices may go up somewhat. This may prove true in the case of tickets to some theaters. Naturally, the sellers of goods wants to remove any possib 1 e impediment to sales. But it may be questioned whether purchases have always been discouraged solely because of the curr e n t excise taxes. The history of! this form of taxation has shown that, after excise taxes imposed In wartime were repealed, the prices of the goods themselves were pushed upward on the theory that the public could stand some increase. Prices have not gone up immediately, but in the long run they tend to exceed the previous price, even including the either O'Brien or O'Donnell is sufficiently known there to make a winning race. They hope the senator lands on Maurice Donohue of Holyoke, Democratic president of the state Senate and a man with a good deal of independent political strength with both the Kennedy followers and the oldline professionals who don't like the Kennedys. Donohue's problem is image. He is said to come across on Ironwood Daily Globe Published evenings, except Sundays by Globe Publishing Company. 118 E. McLeod Avc., Ironwood. Michigan Established Nov. 20. 1919, (Ironwood News-Record acquired April 16 1921; Ironwood Time* acquired May 23. 1046.) Second class postage wood. Michigan. paid at Iron- •EMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Press is entitled exclusively to the use for repubication of all the local news printed in this as well as all AP news dl»- Member of American Newspaper Publisher* Association, Interamerlcan Prew Association, Inland Daily Presi Association. Bureau of Advertising, Michigan Press Association. Audit Bureau of Circulations. Subscription rates: By mall within • radius of 00 miles—per year, $9; six monthi, IS; three months. S3; one month. fl.BO. No mall subscriptions sold to towns and locations where carrier service Is maintained. Elsewhere—per year. $18; one month. Sl.SO. All mail subscriptions payable In advance. By carrier. *20.BO per year in advance; by th« week, «0 cent*. television like a stern schoolmaster. One observation: "If we could get him to look like Ronald Reagan, you could weigh the votes." At next year's party convention (whose verdict is advisory and must still be followed by a September primary), Ted Kennedy would command the largest bloc of delegate votes — though not a majority. Furthermore, his backers—the Kennedy "campaign secretaries" of earlier days—now dominate the Democratic state committee and bulk heavily on many county, city and ward committees. On top of these things, Teddy has charisma—the curious star quality that served John K e n- nedy so well. Says a friend: "Plug him into a wall and everybody lights up. And he uses that The National Whirligig (1U1«*M« «9 MeClnr* Newspaper tynrfleatei By ANDREW TULLY WASHINGTON—Man and boy, have tippled on some rare hooch in a lifetime of dropping not to polish furniture With, but to drink, and the bucolic calm of our watering places Is thereby threatened. , -- - Mead is a kind of wine made In on urban centers like Iznlk, out of honey and water and fer- Turkey, but I confess to some mented with yeast. UntU shortly apprehension over a new fad after World War n, little of it lately affected In Washington nad been produced since the saloons. 17th Century. But now a bunch This Is a fancy for something of British booze outfits;are of- called mead, which the British fering it to the world—meaning, have foisted on us colonials as mostly, us innocent Americans. a means of snagging an occas- Several thirst-quenching empor- lonal extra dollar. Johnny iums are featuring the stuff in *»..it a. _-. •! .•_•_ . nanrcTMamot 1 f»Htreii*f1caar¥iaftte e Bull Is sending us this mead, to a fare-thee-well." Ted is determined to exe r t leadership in Massac h u s e t ts affairs, and especially in the coming 1966 races. He Is sensitive to criticisms of his la t e brother as inattentive in this field. He does not want to have applied to him a similar charge, acidly expressed in a line once uttered by a friend describi n g a political delinquent: * a a "He wouldn't help you fix an overdue library card." Yet, for all his strong intentions and his sturdy party position, Kennedy does not ha v e truly full command in Massachusetts. Two big threats to his evolving plans for 1966 are Edward McCormack, his 1962 Senate opponent and nephew of the House speaker, and Mayor John Collins of Boston. Both covet the governors h i p nomination, though Collins is considered willing to go for the Senate against Republican Sen. Levertt Saltonstall, assuming the latter makes another try. McCormack has the loyalty of many older party professionals, though his bitter fight agai n st Ted also left a trail of enemies. The Kennedy people fear him. Says one: "If he won, we'd all be on the second bus." His prospects alone are not rated too bright today. Hence some guessers are figuring he and Collins may try to team up. They have some mutual supporters, and together might give the Kennedy forces a pretty good struggle. Kennedy's problem is to break into the old-line group to get his majority. The man he'll pick to do it will have no free ride to the top. Timely Quotes It is ironic that the American Medical Association's uncompromising fight against medical insurance through Social Security has contributed to what may well be the most massive Increase in federal medical-care expenditures in our history. —Mrs. Anne Ramsay Somers, Princeton University economist. With the film biz in the sad state of these days, we would have to invent censorship, even if it did not exist. —Italian director Federico Fellini. A Daily Thought Masters, treat your slaves justly and fairly knowing that you also have a Master in heav- en.—Colossians 4:1. newspaper advertisements, and you can pick up a jug in most liquor stores. . a< * * •' "LIQUID MUSCLES" —• Mead doesn't taste like honey,.but like wine, only much stronger in a sinister kind of way. Sipping the stuff, the law-abiding citizen who has spent a lifetime knuckling under to insurance salesman suddenly becomes a lion ready to spring at the heavyweight champion of the block—or even at his wife. A friendly native I once encountered in Coventry, E n gland, described it happily as "liquid muscles." Although mead has been out of fashion for three centuries, it's one of the oldest varieties of popskull in history, in ancient times, no Greek or Roman was without a beaker of the stuff, and it was mead the Greeks were referring to when they sang the praises of nectar. With a skinful of nectar, th« Greek slave started thinking about running for dictator. SIX VARIETIES — In England, the drink was popularized by the Druids, those old political machine bosses and medicine men who went around selling mistletoe and burning people alive in wicker cages. The Druids, according to the historians, found mead very relaxing after a hard day over a hot cage, just as the Roman emperors discovered it added to the pleasure of watching a lion devour a few Christians. Our British cousins are sending over six varieties of mead. There is the common, or garden, variety, which tas t e s like Hock or Moselle. Sacjc mead is a dessert type, reminiscent of today. Sack Metheglin is the vermouth of mead; it's flavored with herbs. Then there is cyser, a mead made with apple juice instead of water which tastes a little like sherry. Pyment is a light red wine made from grape juice and honey. The all-purpose mead is called melomel, and is not bad when mixed with gin, provided everything in the room is too heavy for throwing purposes. « a * 1965 DRUIDS RESENTFUL— The British think it is romantic that the art of mead-making should have been revived, but they affect a wistfulness about the fact that most of the stuff will be shipped to the U. S. A. Limey pal expressed the fear the other night that Americans will become better connoisseurs of mead than the folks who produce it. You rich Americans," he complained. "You can afford to apprec late our good Scotch, while we have to make do with beer. How you're going to buy up all our mead." Hopefully, he is wrong. For reasons of domestic tranquillity, S ~ "•*«•"«••»•• V* V«W«.i.««.U|/4l-' WA 011VI UllliUJ » No man is a true gentleman Americans would do well to^stick who does not inspire the affec-1 to their own bourbon. I 'do not tion and devotion of his servants. " ' ' . . —Andrew Carnegie. wish every saloon in town to be declared a disaster area. Hoi RANGE with TEFLON-COATED OVEN WALLS only $ 2?9 95 DURING OUR LAKE SUPERIOR DISTRICT POWER CO. S»y "goodbye forever" to messy, old ftin- ioned oven cleaning! Oven walls slide out •moothly-ttnbe»ponge-cleanedtttherimge or WMhed at the sink. Coated with Du Pont't miracle, non-stick finish. No scouring. Baked* on .grease washes off easily. Other deluxe features include an automatic timer and wide, family-size oven with window door. Sale- priced below many hard-to-clean ranges.
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