The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on December 16, 1955 · Page 1
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 1

Blytheville, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Friday, December 16, 1955
Page 1
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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER Of NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. U— NO. 233 Blytheville Courier BlyUievllIu Daily News Mississippi Valley Leader BlythoviLle Herald BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 16, 1955 TWENTY PAGES Published Dally Except Sunday SINGLE COPY FIYB CENT* AFBF Supports Flexible Props And Soil Banks CHICAGO (AP) — The American Farm Bureau Federation is on record in favor of flexible government price supports and a proposal for a soil bank. The soil bank proposal was approved without opposition ai the final session of the group's convention yesterday. But Southern cotton growers raised a cry against flexible price supports, The cotton growers sought yesterday to get delegates to the federation's 37th annual meeting to bact rigid 80 per cent of parity supports. Led Fiffht H. L. Wingate, president of Vhe Georgia Farm Bureau, led the fight against flexible supports. He said he was backed by delegates from South Carolina, North Carolina, Arkansas, Oklahoma, Tennessee, Kentucky, Texas and Flor- Southern bloc tried four ida. The times to get delegates to exempt cotton from their recommendation for flexible supports. Under the flexible system. Wingate said, price supports on cotton may drop to 75 per cent of parity next year. This, he said, would force farmers to sell below actual cost's. May Pu» Out Purity is a standard for measuring farm prices declared by law to be fair to farmers. Wingate told the convention thai there was a danger that Georgia farmers would pull ovit of the federation over the controversial cotton support issue, "I'm going to use all the influence I have with the Georgia planters to get them to stay in the federation and to fight from within,^but I don't fcnow whether we'll be in the organization next year," Wingate said after the group voted in favor of flexibje controls. # , * * No Southern Bolt From AFB Seen by Arkansas Group "There was no thought among the Arkansas delegation — or most of the rest of the Southern States — of bolting the American Farm Bureau Federation over flexible price supports," William H. Wyatt, chairman of the Arkansas voting delegation to the AFBF convention in Chicago, said today. Wyatt was commenting on earlier reoprts that the Southern states, led by H. L. Wingate of Georgia, were on the verge of rebellion v.'hen the convention yesterday approved the government's flexible price support program. Wingate, in his protesting corn- merits, represented only himself and some elements from Georgia, and did not speak for the South generally, Wyatt .said. Stood Up "We stood up lor what we thought was right," Wyatt said, "but there was no thought in the group ot bolting the Farm Bureau." Wyatt, who was named chairman of Arkansas' five-man delegation by the Arkansas Farm Bureau, said the delegation proposed and supported the resolution adopted recently at the state bureau's convention in Little Rock. That was to ask for a continuance of 90 per cent of parity until a soil bank program had succeeded in cutting down the country's farm production plant. Surplus Factor But the convention sqelched every bid to return to the rigid 91) per cent plan by citing present surpluses in the nation, Wyatl said. They used the surplus situation to put pressure on 'for a vote in favor of the variable supports which offers the farmer a prop under prices ranging from 75 to 90 per cent, he said. The convention also tied to this proposal a soil bank plan designed to reduce the nation's farm production plant by taking acreage out oi cultivation. The Arkansas delegation also questioned several details of the plan proposed at' the convention, hoping to bring about some amendments, Wyatt said. But the original plan preaviled and Arkansas supported it when its amendment failed, he said. Varied Opinion There was some variance of opinion in the state's delegation on the soil bank idea. Some Arkansas leaders thought it would work but others feared it would worTc to greater advantage in the grain country than In the cotton belt, Wyatt noted. General feeling among supporters of the flexible price program was that the lower price would help get rid of surpluses and would take the ineffectual producer out of the market, Wyatt said. 3 to 1 Margtin Practically the entire convention, •xcept some Southern states, approved the flexible plan. The vote was about 3-1. Approval of the soil bank program was practically unanimous, Wyatt said. One Interesting note was an attack on the South's 90 per cent parity plan by a California cotton producer. George H. Wilson, California member of the APBF Board of Directors, said, "If- this amendment ((or 90 per cent parity) passes It will weaken our approach to Congress." Seventy persons attended the convention Irom Arkansas. County's Delegation Wyatt led the voting delegation consisting of Joe Hardln, of Orady, Arch Smith of Texarkana, Max Miller of Marianna and E. B. Grain of Fayettevllle. Attending from Mississippi County were Wyatt, Mr. and Mrs. H. P. Ohlendorf (Arkansas president). Mr. and Mrs. Earl .Wildy, Vance Dixon, Mr. and Mrs. A. C. Spellings, Mr. and Mrs. Chris Tompkins, Mr. and Mrs. Hays Sullivan, Mr. and Mrs. A. A. Banks, and County Agents Keith Bilbrcy and D. V- Maloch. Further Red Infiltration Hearings Set WASHINGTON W) — The Senate Internal Security subcommittee today ordered further public hearings starting Jan, 4 in an Inquiry into alleged Communist infiltration of the press, radio and television. Chidnmin Easthmd D-*Miss said in a statement that, "numerous wit nesses are to be called, most of whom already have been examined in executive sessions." Ea-stland described the new hearings as "following tip the information developed last summer in the questioning of Winston Burdett and other former members of the Communist ceil in the Brooklyn Eagle during the Sale 1930s." Burdett, a Columbia Broadcasting System newsman, testified that he had joined a Communist unit, on the now-defunct Eagle in 1937. Ht? named a dozen other former employes of the newspaper whom he said he had known then as fellow Communists. Besides those on the Brooklyn Ragle, Burdett named 10 others he said he had known or believed to be Communists in the 1937-40 period. The subcommittee questioned most of those he identified and the few still in newspaper work all .swore that they are not now Communists. 'Ruth' Aims at Iwo TOKYO (tP) — Typhoon Ruth, a giant Pacific storm 600 miles across and packing central winds of 150- mile-an-hour force, was churning northeast toda yon a course that might miss battered Iwo Jima with its tiny U. S. Aiv Force garrison. EARLY BIRD — Although Jan. 2 is the normal time for city car and truck license plates to go on sale, they may be purchased now at the office of'City Clerk Bill Malm. Above, Mrs. Billie- Jean Richey, Malin's secretary, sells tag No. 1332 to City Atty. Elbert S. Johnson, while be- hind them are stacks of tags for other car owners. Resident vehicle owners must huy a tag at $5 each. Car plates this year are light green. Truck and commercial vehicle tags are a dark green. Purchases must be made before Feb. 1. (Courier News Photo) NATO Ministers Review World's Danger Spots By GODFREY ANDERSON PARIS (AP) — Fifteen foreign ministers of the Atlantic Alliance sought today to coordinate their policy for dealing with danger spots all over the globe. Each attended the meeting, which lasted three hours, accompanied by only two top advisers. Spokesmen would only say afterward that the talk ranged all around the world where ever there were problems directly or indirectly affecting the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. U. S. Secretary of State Dulles warned yesterday that Russia has opened two dangerous new fronts in the cold war — the Middle East and Southern Asia. The ministers concentrated their attention on the explosive, Middle Eastern situation, especially the ef- fect.on other NATO members of Turkish and British participation in the Baghdad pact. Portugal also raised the issue of her dispute with India over the status of Goa. Economic Cooperation Some of the time was devoted to economic cooperation among the member nations — a subject which will come up again in plenary session during the afternoon when nonmilitary activities will be tackled. . . ' A member of the NATO international secretariat said some conclusions reached by the ministers would be mentioned in the com-j ' munique — tonight or tomorrow, | * While the secret meeting was j -. • |^ •• still in session. Paulo Cunha, Por j f'/'/Cg L/GCIIflG UN Council Begins Debate on Charge Against Israel By WILLIAM N. OATIS UNITED NATIONS, N. Y. (AP) — Egyptian reprisal threats lent new urgency today to the (U. N. Security) Cbun cil debate on Syria's charge of Israeli aggression. 1,500 Votes Challenged By Buchanan Mayor E. R. Jackson's Circuit Court election contest was answered today by accusation* of unlawful purchases of poll taxes for 1,500 persons, that whiskey was used to influence voters, and by a declaration that Toler Buchanan won last November's mayoralty race 2,030 to As the 11 members of the Security Council gathered to take up the Syrian protest, they had before them a letter from Egyptian Premier Gamal Abdel Nasser assert- Benson Aide Sees End To tuguese foreign minister, came out to explain to the press Portugal's views on her dispute with India over the territory oi Goa. Portugal says Goa is a Portuguese province and not a colonv as the Indians claim. The Indians want it as part of their union. To Invoke Article 4 Cunha hinted that in the event of an attack on Goa by India or on Macao by Red China, he would Invoke Article 4 of the NATO treaty, which auihorizes member stales MEMPHIS IIP) — Asst. Secretary of Agriculture Earl L. Butz says the bottom in the agricultural price decline has been reached and 1956 will be a stable price year mi the farm. "Prices received will be where they are now," Butz told a news conference last night. The 46-year-old Butz, former hrad of Purdue University's Department of Agricultural Economics, came he -' ( - addr( , ss tne M id-South Farm Lookmg litz said , , . the cotton sm.auon, realistic pricing pm- o start consultations in case of *n\ fomm ' U)ciay V attack on their territories. This: article, however, does not obligate| other members to Rive military as-; sistance. Cunha said Portugal didjgram" is one great need, and sn- not consider Goa as part, of the! other is research to find grralcr North Atlantic area, where thej usage for the fiber, automatic obligation of muluat He predicted the present 90 p.-r military aid would come into play, [cent of parity peg on cotton muld He expressed the hope that! lie scaled down "some" next year Spain, now admitted to member-j adding that foreign production of ship in the United Nations along I cotton had been stepped up with Portugal, might soon NATO. -» West German Foreign Minister Heinrich von Brentano hurried off for a luncheon at the British Embassy with Foreign Secretary Harold Mncmillan. Heads of the West German defense and finance delegations to the conference joined him there. The NATO Council, on the first day of 85s three-day sessions, approved a plan proposed by Gen. Alfred M. Gruenther. supreme Allied commander in Europe. The plan See NATO nn Page 6 joinj ''under the umbrella of 01 supports." Dulles Moves to Keep Red China Trade Ban PARIS Ml — U. S. Secretary of State Dulles was reported today to have appealed to British Foreign Secretary Macmillan In an effort to halt a British move to relax Allied trade restrictions on Red China. . .The British reportedly advised the Americans they might be compelled to case the restrictions soon because- of strong political and business pressures at home. Possibility or such action has worried the American administration because it would spell the loss of an Important bargaining position In current discussions between U.S. and Red Chinese representatives In Geneva. asked Macmillan to take no quick action before the whole tangled question can be discussed at the highest level — presumably by President Elsenhower and Prime Minister Eden when they meet next month In Washington. Tlie Issue of trading with the Chinese Reds is an old sore In British-American relations. The United Nations called for the trade embargo on the Chinese Reds in 1951 when It called the Peiping regime an aggressor for Its part In the Korean War. The British think the control system for Red China is out of date. They believe there is nothing to stop Russia from buying certain goods available to her and theu Informed diplomats said Dullesj reselling them to Peiping. price Despite all the problem.", " has got a good future, , Butz said. Dewey Denies He's Candidate NEW YORK IIP) — Former Oov- Thomas E. Dewey met last nichi with seven state Republican Irad- ers. He Insisted, however, urn he, has no political aspirations and a spokesman for the party tenders said the meeting was "strictly social." "There is no news tonight. I have nothing today," Dewey told newsmen. William MacKenile of Belmont, . N. Y., chairman of the State Assembly Ways and Means Committee, said of Dewey, "In my book ne can have any political Job he aspires to." "I don't want any, now or anv time." Dewey, twice Republics^ presidential candidate, replied. 'l am completely happy." Dewey Is practicing law here. The meeting with state Republican leaders yesterday was Dewey's first since he left office as governor alter three Audience Granted TOKYO I/Pi — The Emperor anil Empress grunted an audience u> President A. Z. Baker of Rotary International and Mrs, Baker today ai the Imperial palace. ing the Israeli attack was "positively considered as an aggression against Egypt" also. Nasser pointed 'out that Egypt and Syria had concluded a mutual defense pact in October. The council meeting was called to consider Syria's protest against a raid on her posts east of the Sea of Galilee Sunday night. Conflicting reports have put the death toll as high as 59. Threatens Retaliation Nasser's letter was addressed to U. N. Secretary General Dag Hammarskjold with the request that it be relayed to the council. It said Egypt must meet force with force and was "about to deal with the situation herself" with her land, air and naval forces. Ahmed Shukairy, chairman of Syria's delegation to the General Assembly, told correspondents he would a«k the council for "measures which have not been asked before." That could mean a proposal that the council request U.N. members to cut diplomatic, economic and communication ties with Israel or even to use military force. Attack Necessary Israeli Ambassador Abba Eban vwas ready to reply that the aitack was necessary to silence Syrian guns which had been harassing Israeli police launches and fishing boats. Israeli President Izhak Ben-Zvi in Jerusalem yeslerday charged the Arab countries with seeking the "annihilation of Israel" and said the Syrian firing on the Galilee boats was part of such a campaign. The council was expected to hear See UN COUNCIL on Pajre 6 Jackson's 1,030. Buchanan readily admitted a- number of voting irregularities originally charged by Jackson, but the mayor-elect counter-charged that the illegal votes were cast for Jackson, not 'for Buchanan. The assertions were included in motion to dismiss Jackson's election suit against Buchanan, an answer to Jackson's separate charges and a series of affirmative allegations by Buchanan against Jackson. Documents were filed one day before the deadline set to answer Jackson's suit filed Nov. 28. Jackson's Complaint In Jackson's complaint, he de- :lared he had won the Nov. 8 election by a 586 majority, instead of losing it by 14 votes as found by .n election recount. L Jackson charged illegal conduct at the polls in behalf of Buchanan. The charges included dual voting, voting in wards where electors were not qualified to vote, illegible ballots counted for Buchanan, improper absentee ballots, and In one case the delivery of ballots to automobiles by one judge who allegedly "directed the voters how to vote." The incumbent mayor asked that the election be declared null and void and a new election be held or if not, that Jackson be declared by the court as the properly elected maydr. First paper filed today by Buchanan's attorneys was a motion to dismiss Jackson's suit. Charge "Irregularities" In it, Jackson was declared to be ineligible to hold the office of mayor or "to hold any office in this state" by reason of committing five .alleged irregularities. They were that Jackson purchased and paid for poll taxes for others not in his family to vote in an election in which he was a candidate; that he had in his possession poll tax receipts for others which had been issued for more than five days; that he and others mailed poll tax applications with money for persons other than themselves all without the knowledge of the persons for whom the taxes were being paid; that Jackson caused Ui be collected from himself and others money to be used to pay poll tax for othei persons; and that he delivered or caused to be delivered to others | ^,^^,,5 ~ f or poll tax receipts more than five nomin ,; Uon .. days after they were issued and C. of C. Board OK's Budget, Committees Blytheville Chamber o£ Commerce's Board of Directorl yesterday adopted a slightly higher budget for 1956 and approved appointments of chairmen of standing committees. * Chamber Treasurer R. L. Wade, Kefauver Makes It Official By JACK BELL WASHINGTON (AP) — Sen. Kefauver (D-Tenn) plunged into the Democratic presidential nomination race today, and announced he will enter as many stdte primaries as time and money permit. Kefauver, who led in the early balloting at the 1852 party convention but lost the nomination to Adlai E. Stevenson, said he plans vigorous campaign. Stevenson already has nounced he will enter five primaries. Kefauver ts expected to meet Stevenson head on in some of these. Gov. Frank Lausch of Ohio has announced as a favorite son candidate. Oov. Averell Harriman of New York says he is an "inactive" candidate. Kelauver said in a statement handed out at news conference Hollywoodian that he thinks 'it is a good thing for the Demo- cm tic party to have the choice ol presidentia: thai the 'receipts were used for voting. All in all, the motion to dismiss said, "the number of the persons for whom contestant (Jackson) purchased, caused to be purchased, paid for and caused to be paid for poll taxes is 1,500." The motion said the poll tax receipts were used for voting in the election. Affirmative Allegation* To Knter Primaries "The Republican party toda> suffers from lack of alternative candidates broadly representative of their party," Kefauver .said. "It would not be a healthy thing for the Democratic party to be placed in such a position." The Tennessee senator said he would contest in a, "number" of .stale primaries. "I am a firm believer in the Jr., pointed out that the «15,000 budget, which on its face ii $1,400 higher than that adopted lor 1954, actually is only $170 higher. Rental of Industrial site, Wade stated, will offset expenses for In- ;erest on the Industrial loan and ticket sales for the proposed annual banquet should cover that expenM which Is listed In the budget. Increases There was a $300 increase In car allowance lor the Chamber manager and a $175 hike In salaries over the amount spent in 1955. Those items, plus an increase in the allowance for meetings and conventions, were principal factors in the Increase. Reductions were made elsewhere in the budget which totals $15,605. Wade pointed out that to fulfill this budget, the Chamber will have to secure 51 new memberships lot 1956. In other action, the board deferred until its January meeting action on a resolution setting forth a general policy affecting sale of land on the Chamber's industrial site, which now has only 10.59 acres available for industrial development. Committee* Here's a rundown of standing committee chairmen approved by the board yesterday: . Agriculture, W. H. Wyatt; Aviation, Harold Sudbury; Civic affairs, Kelley Welch; Education, John Caudill; Pire Prevention, Bill Williams; Health and Safety, Dr. W. T. Rainwater; Industrial, E. B. Thomas; Industrial Financing. Clyde Kapp; Highways and Streets, Rupert Crafton; Membership, Max Logan; National Affairs. Oscar Fendler; Program of Work. Alex Hill; Publicity, H. A. Haines: Recreation, Roland Bishop; Transportation, H. W. Haines; Welcome, Oliver Richardson. Should the motion to dismiss be i place of presidential primaries in ienied. Buchanan filed an answer; our democracy," he said. "Beyond to Jackson's charges. The answer Sec ELECTION on Page 6 War Criminals Freed . TOKYO f.4 1 ) — Two more major war criminals of World War TI were {reed from Sugamo Prisno today ai'ter serving 10 years. They are Marquis Koichi Kido, 66, wartime lord keeper of the privy seal, and Hiroshi Oshima, 60, wartime ambassador to Nazi Germany. Both were sentenced to life DV the international military tribunal for conspiring to wage aggressive UN Council Seat Issue Remains Deadlocked UNITED NATIONS, N. Y. Mt — A new round of voting failed today to bread the deadlock between the Philippines and Yugoslavia for a seat in the U, N. Security Council. With ii newly admitted members voting, the Philippines at one point received 40 votes to Yugoslavia's 28. But on the next ballot the score was 37-32, and the result remained indecisive. A two-thirds majority of those voting in the General Assembly was required to elect. Tries for Compromise Assembly President Jose Maza of Chile conferred yesterday with top representatives of the United States, Britain and France in an attempt to find a way to settle the ISSUE. Informed sources said Britain, which has been backing Yugoslav- la, proposed Sweden as a compromise choice, but the United States insisted It would stick by the Philippines. Informants said the Americans oppose Sweden anyway on grounds that the Scandinavian nation's rec< ognition of Red China would play a role in the growing battle over Chinese representation, Italy and Austria also were reportedly suggested, but a number of diplomats are known to oppose giving such a high post to a new member. j !M.iy Dissolve Council \ Negotiations have become urgent over the past two weeks. Delegates feared that if the Ascmbly adjourned without filling the seat, the council would be out of business. Under the U. N. Charter, the 11- nation body cannot function without full membership. The United States has tried to resolve the problem by prooosing a rotation plan calling for election of the Philippines this year and Yugoslavia In 1957. Both Yugoslavia and Britain gave a cold reception to the American proposal. The British and Russians argued that such a move would breach the London big power agreement giving an Kast European state the seat on a regular basis. the limiting' (actor of my work in the Senate, the amount of money available for campaigns, and the possibility of conflicting dates. will hope to enter as many as Ii can." | Kefnuver already had announced that if he ran he would enter the June 5 California primary where a slate for Stevenson is expected to po on the ballot. Stevenson also will be entered in Minnesota, Illinois, Pennsylvania and Florida. To Head Campaign Kefauver. who is expected to name Joseph F. Donohue of the District of Columbia as his campaign manager, evidenced some uneasiness about the support of his presidential aspirations in his own state of Tennessee. There Gov. Frank Clement is regarded as having some national ambitions. "I will hope, oi course, for the support of my own state of Tennessee which was so generously accorded me in the last campaign," Kefauver said. Kefauver's decision got applause from a Senate colleague. Sen. Monroney (D-Okla), who has already lined up for Stevenson. Holiday Buying ; Aids Area Sales ST. LOUIS f/P)Christmas buying pushed sales in Eighth Federal Reserve District department store! nine per cent higher last week than in the corresponding period In 1954. The Federal Reserve Bank at St. Louis reported today the Increases in the week ending Dec. 10 ranged from 2 per cent in the Louisville area to 13 per cent for Little Rock. Sales for the four-week period ending Dec. 10 advanced 7 per cent over the comparable period in 1954. The St. Louis area reported an 11 per cent jump in the one-week period while Memphis had a 5 per cent Gets $300 Fine C A R U T H ERSVTLLE — Claude Stallons, a Steele cab driver, has been fined $300 and given a six- month suspended sentence upon entering a plea of guilty to selling liquor without a license. In another Pemlscot County Circuit Court case, Lonnle an* Alvie Keller, St. Louis brothers, pleaded Utility to burglary charges and were sentenced. Lonnle Keller was sentenced to four years for each of three counts The terms will run concurrently, meaning that they will be released at the end of a period of /our and three years, respectively. ' Weather NORTHEAST ARKANSAS: Fair this afternoon, tonight and Saturday, warmer tonight and Saturday. Sunday increasing cloudiness and turning colder. High this afternoon, mid to high 30s; low tonight, low to mid 20s. MISSOURI: Mostly cloudy, windy and warmer west and north this afternoon, generally fair and continued cold southeast; mostly cloudy tonight and Saturday; warmer tonight and southeast and extreme south Saturday; turning much colder north Saturday. Minimum this morning—11, Sunrise tomorrow—7 :W. Sunset today—4:31. Mean temperature—3d. Precipitation 24 hour" (7 a.m. M 1 n m.)—none. Precipitation Jftn. 1 to CUU—48:00. Tnli ntt« Lilt Year Maximum yesterday—M. Minimum this morning—30. Precipitation Jan. 1 w d«t*—M.M.

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