THE LUDINGTON DAILY NEWS VOLUME XLIX, NO. 275. LUDINGTON, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, SEPT. 21, 1939. PRICE, THREE CENTS. PRESIDENT ASKS REPEAL OF EMBARGO Rumanian Premier Assassinated IS SHOT TO DEATH IN CAPITAL STREET Was Known As 'Strong Man' for His Suppression of Pro-Nazi * Iron Guard POLISH GOES SILENT EARLYIODAY Last Communication with Besieged City Shattered for Unknown Reason BUCHAREST, Sept. 21.— (/P)— - Prime Minister Armand Calinescu was shot and killed today while driving in his automobile in one of Bucharest's principal streets. The premier, known as the "strong man" of Rumania for his suppression of the pro-Nazi Iron Guard organization, was shot at 12:30 p. m. (6:30 a. m., E. S. T.) from another automobile which drove alongside his own. (At this point, when the Associated Press correspondent apparently started to give further details of the assassination, the telephone connection between Bucharest broken.) and Copenhagen was The Rumanian government radio announced the assassination. (In Budapest the Rumanian legation reported that the Bucharest radio station shut down at 2:10 p. m., "after some minutes of wild, confused shouting" which could be heard over the microphone. (The legation said In mid- afternoon it had been unable to reach the Bucharest foreign ministry by the telephone up to that time.) The radio announcement, which interrupted a musical Czech Revolt In Germany Is Reported LONDON, Sept. 21.—(/P)—The program"" was "broadcast "at"l:30 ! British hope of enlisting Gerp. m., and gave no details. j rnany's anti-Nazis in the fight Callnescu's campaign against against Adolf Hitler, was the Iron Guard came to a head j quickened today by reports of a FIGHTING GIVES A MAN APPETITE in the fall of 1938 and, since then police have announced discovery of a half-dozen "revenge" plots against him. He btecame "head of the govern- wieul < M$a%K 'ft 1939, "succeeding 1 the late ~ "' patriarch church. On June 17, police said Iron Guardlsts planned to assassinate Calinescu and King Carol with hand grenades at a race track. Dr. Mlron Cristea, of the Rumanian "serious" revolt in two Czechoslovak provinces which last March became a Reich protectorate. ,/W; rnlrjWry of information BUDAPEST Sept. 21.— The Warsaw radio lapsed into sudden silence early today shortly after what sounded like the explosion of artillery shells could be heard through its microphone. The announcer had carried on far jnto the night despite the deep, periodic rumblings until the station suddenly went off the air halfway through the playing of a Polish military air. Temporarily, at least, the only communication between the German-besieged Polish capital and the rest of the world was ended. Silence came after the station had broadcast a grim story of Warsaw being shelled and bombed as never before and predicted "there probably soon will be a big offensive against us." The rest of Europe, which had been following the 14-day fight j of Warsaw's defenders through 1 almost ceaseless broadcasts from j the station, was left to speculate | en what might have happened. The studio is in the center of Warsaw. Despite German aerial and artillery bombardment of that area for almost two weeks, the station had remained on the air day and night. It had gone on even while shells were falling communique said Britain had received authoritative information that a revolutionary movement had started last Sunday in Bohemia and Moravia and was continuing despite "ruthless" repressive measures. "That this is not just a flash Calinescu was minister of in- 11" theipanv; the ministry said tcrior in charge of pplice on Nov. 30, 1938, when Corneliu Zelea Codreanu, Iron Guard leader and so-called "Little Hitler" of Rumania, was shot dead by guards, "while attempting to escape" during a transfer from one prison to another according to the offi-j after cial version. I war: is shown by the unanimity of purpose, the tenacity and the discipline of the participants." It was recalled in London that Eduard Benes, former president of the Czecho-Slovak republic, told Prime Minister Chamberlain only two days Britain's declaration Besides Codreanu. his 14 chief aides also were shot. At that time there were reports that Iron Guardlsts had taken an oath to assassinate Calinescu in revenge. Despite the frequent reported discovery of such plots against him, the premier steadfastly refused to have a bodyguard. Of Interest to Mason county vcsselmen is the new Federal law amending the regulations relative to changes of master on licensed or documented ves- sfei.s. The changes are out- raied in a letter recently re- cejved from W. L. Phillips of Grand Haven, deputy collector of customs, "Until recently," Collector Bradley said, "licensed vessels were allowed what was known as an additional master, in addition to the regular master. The new regulations allow a licensed vessel not more than two alternate masters, when desired, in addition to the regular master, provided 1 the Bureau of Marine Inspection and Navigation in Washington approves the application of the owner for such alternate masters to the customs o'/ileer at the port at which the vessel is licensed. (For Western Michigan owned vessels, the customhouse is in Grand Haven.) "Another phase of this new law," Mr. Bradley added, "is that an alternate master duly endorsed on the 'document of his vessel must assume all responsibilities of the master in charge f&r the period of .his service as such alternate master." , This new law does not con| cern bow numbered vessels. Perhaps the lowest illiteracy rate in the world is found in Finland, where only one-tanth of one percent of the population is illiterate. This amazing showing was achieved without com- "We Czecho-Slovak citizens consider ourselves as being also at war with Germany's military forces." The information ministry, describing the uprising, said that "firearms were used on both sides and casualties are said to SAYS REPEAL MIGHT BRING NAZI ACTION ADDRESSES SPECIAL SESSION OF SOLONS Chief Executive Says He Thinks United States Can Stay Out of War Being Fought in Europe This Central Press photo, flown to New York on a Clipper plane, shows German cycle troops resting in a Polish town for their mld- dav meal while a family of Po'.es looks on. Federal Government Enters Electric Dispute all around it. Four times Wednesday the warning- wail of air raid sirens could be heard above the calm voice of the announcer and four times the drone of diving airplanes came over the air. The broadcaster said the raids were conducted by squadrons of 30 German planes. His account of the siege included another appeal to Great Britain to help save the battered city. Before silence again sealed Warsaw's fate, the radio reported a successful attack against a German force. But it also admitted devastating blows from German cannon and warplanes. (/P)—The the AFL International Brother- hoed of Electrical Workers, over balloting for exclusive bargain- Two-Day Women's Meeting Is Sponsored by State Conservation Department STRIKE TO CLOSE have been considerable." On Sept. 19, the communique went on, Slovak garrisons at several places revolted and "about 15,000 troops have been disarmed." Arrests throughout the protectorate, the statement said, "ran into thousands, those executed into hundreds." Dead Pilot Found After Three Years HUNTSVILLE, Utah, Sept. 21. — (IP)— A badly battered body found in the Wasatch mountains was identified today by United States Marshal Gilbert Mecham as that of Major Howard Stark, department of commerce pilot missing for more than three years. The body was discovered by a sheepherder, about six miles from where Stark's wrecked plane was found in May, 1936. Stark disappeared in a snowstorm Jan. 16, 1936, while on a flight from Rock Springs, Wyo., to Salt Lake City. Mecham said Stark apparently died of cold and exhaustion after he had waded through deep snow drifts. He said identification was made from a pilot's license found in a wallet near the body. FATALLY INJURED BATTLE CREEK, Sept. 21.— (#>>—Mrs. Elle Marie Kllpat- rick, 35, Battle Creek, was fatally injured today when she fell from an automobile. Dr. Willard N. Putnam, coroner, said an inquest would be held. The driver of the car was Walter Rice, 38, of Battle Creek. The Russian word for red, krasny, also means fine, beautiful or pretty. Thus Russians speak of a red horse, a rad girl, a red house. Moscow's Red Square was so named by. Ivan the Large Number of U. S. Steamers Will Sail for Europe Soon NEW YORK, Sept. 21.— (IP)— Nine vessels held in the port of New York by a seamen's strike for war-risk bonuses and insurance were free to sail today as a result of an agreement for settlement of the dispute. The United States lines,- the American Export lines, the American Scaritic line and' Lykes Brothers, whose ships had been i tied up, agreed to the plan of settlement, Joseph Curran, ^resident of the National Maritime union (CIO) announced. The ships are the WashinK- LANSING, Sept. 21 federal government entered negotiations aimed at averting a state-wide Consumers power j ing rights in company plants, company strike today, with aj warning from the civil aeron-1 autics authority that inter-' ference with electrical facilities serving air transport would not be tolerated. A telegram from H. R. Neely, regional manager of the CAA, directed to the unions involved, the Consumers Power company and the state labor mediation board, pointed out that "the civil aeronautics authority of the United States of America has certain radio, beacon, weather observation and teletype communications facilities served by the company. Any interference to our services comes under the CAA act, section 902, C3 providing severe penalties and imprisonment. Maurice Sugar, counsel for .the Utility Workers Organizing committee (CIO), which called the strike originally to become effective at midnight Tuesday, said the telegram was "an absurdity." "If this telegram is intended to intimidate us it will fail," he declared. Meanwhile, the labor board resumed its attempt to avert a strike which would affect 1,000 Michigan cities and 2,000,000 customers. Sugar released a statement saying "no headway" had been made since the company and the union found themselves deadlocked over "just one point." That point was the question of whether a stop-gap grievance committee should have authority to negotiate wage disputes. The grievance committee was proposed to serve until the courts have settled a dispute between the UWOC and a rival union, Plans are virtually complete fp;r the sixth annual conservation conference which will be held in Ludingtoii Tuesday and Wednesday of next week, Sept. 26 and 27. The two-day conference is sponsored co-jointly by the Michigan department of conservation and the Federated Would Be Direct Violation of International Law, Authority States SYRACUSE, N. Y., Sept. 21.— (P?) —An authority on international law asserted today repeal of the arms embargo by the United States would be a "direct violation" of international law. Henry S. Fraser, technical adviser to the late George W. Wickersham on the League of Nations committee for the codification of international law in 1926 and j 1927, said if the embargo is re- ! pealed "Germany will instantly \ \ have the right under interna- i tional law to take steps of reprisal and retaliation against American ships." Such reprisals might be taken against ships even in coastwide trade, and even if they were not carrying contraband, he said in a statement and added: "There is an established principle of international law that a neutral may not, after the outbreak of war, change its legislation for the purpose of assisting one of the belligerents." Fraser, a Syracuse attorney, cited a case in 1914 when an embargo bill was introduced in Congress and Great Britain indicated it would consider such an embargo on arms an unneu- tral act. President Wilson and Secretary of State Lansing, Fra- &er said, agreed with the British view. The attorney asserted the i German government' urged adoption of such an embargo and the United States in a note to the German ambassador in 1915 replied: " 'Any change in" its own (United States) laws of neutrality during the progress of a war which would affect .unequally the relations of the United States with the nations at war would be an unjustifiable departure from the principle of strict neutrality.' " WASHINGTON, Sept. 21.— (IP)— President Roosevelt asked Congress today for repeal of the arms embargo provisions of the neutrality law (because they are "most vitally dangerous to American neutrality, American security and American peace." In a message delivered in person to an extraordinary session of the legislators, the chief executive said he could offer no hope that "the shadow over the world might swiftly pass." Standing on the rostrum of a crowded House chamber, Mr. Roosevelt told senators and representatives he had assembled them to amend legislation which in his best judgment, "so alters the historic foreign policy sof the United States that it impairs the peaceful relations of the United States with foreign nations." Cites Issue Asks Change RESERVATIONS Garden club members and others who plan to attend the conservation conference are urged to make reservations for the luncheons and dinner with Mrs. J. L. Boone, president of the Mason County Garden club. ton, scheduled to leave Friday with 800 passengers; American Trader, American Traveler. Acadia, St. John, Iroquois, Scanstates, Excambion and Black Gull. Some had been delayed as much as six days. Under the plan, approved by union members aft a mass meeting Wednesday (night, seamen on ships entering European and Mediterranean ports would receive a 25 percent wage increase, transportation back to the United States in case their ships were lost, wages in the event of interment in a foreign port, loss of personal" effects guaranteed up to $150, and assurance that charges would be withdrawn against seamen on trial for alleged failure to obey orders to sail. WEATHER Lower Michigan — Generally fair 1 tonight and Friday; not quite so cool tonight; somewhat warmer in southern portion Friday. Detroit and Vicinity: Fair tonight and Friday; not quite BO cool tonight; somewhat warmer F]rlday; moderate shitting Winds. .The sun seta today at 6:32 and rises Friday at 6:19, The moon sets Friday' at 12:43 a. m. " usor eucation, whichdidnot nlbkd ot bythe 1917 "me to Finland .until 1920. revolutionaries. mum 84, minimum 47, Garden clubs of Michigan. Mason County Garden club is hostess for the event. The conference is open to all persons interested in the con- One Dead, One Hurt at Auto Speedway INDIANAPOLIS, Sept. 21. — (/P)h- A spectacular crackup in a tire test 'brought death to Lawson Harris, 32, Indianapolis mechanic, and injury to Babe Stapp, 34, Los Angeles race driver, on the same track where i'both had competed in the annual 500-mile automobile race here. They were on their eighth time around the two-and-a- half-mile Indianapolis motor speedway Wednesday when their racing car crashed at 116 miles an hour into the wall on the southwest turn. Onlookers in pits and paddock PRESIDENT ROOSEVELT servation of natural resources ! said an axle or tie-rod had LOS ANGELES, Sept. 21.—(/P) —California panted damply through the sixth day of what weather experts were beginning to call the Pacific coast's most oppressive, and extensive heat wave. Throughout Southern California temperatures remained generally above 100, and even in the San Francisco bay area, normally brisk and breezy, they were near that mark. The continued heat took a heavy toll in lives and illness. Los Angeles reported 19 deaths induced by,the weather, and the San Francisco bay region three. More than 100 Los Angeles residents and a similar number in other Southern 'California • cities - have been prostrated by the heat. The official Los Aneeles maximum of 107.2 degrees Wednesday was the highest since Sept. 17, 1913, when 108 degrees was .recorded. Thermometers hi many downtown 'buildings 'gave higher recordings, and in obtaining a better knowledge of its progress in Michigan and in the nation. An attendance of about 250 is anticipated. 'Featuring two flays of conservation studies, the program will bring prominent conservation authorities into group discussions. First hand, view of | typical Michigan scenery and i outdoor advantages will be I gained from field tours on foot ! trails through Ludington State park. Most of the activities will be cente<red either at Stearns hotel or at the State park. After registration, at the hotel Tuesday morning, visitors will visit Ludington State park where they may do as they like until luncheon at 1 p. m. for which several noted speakers have been secured. The afternoon will be spent in a series of hikes through the park with visitors having choice of numerous different trails. The day will be climaxed with an informal dinner in the evening at the Stearns. Two noted speakers have been secured. Wednesday morning will open with a breakfast at 8 a. in. Remainder of the morning, w,ill be spent in discussion and hearing several speakers. The two-day conference will 'be concluded with a luncheon at noon. During- the conference, -baskets, bows and arrows, snowshoes and .other handicrafts made by the Ottawa and Chip- p&wa Indians of Northern Michigan will toe on display in (Please turn to Page 8, Column 4) broken near the left 'front wheel and thrown the car out of control. No immediate examination of the racer was made. Harris, thrown out and his head smashed, died later in a hospital. Stapp, also taken to the hospital, had bruises and face cuts. Otto J. Wolfer of Los Angeles, Criminal Cases Scheduled to Be Heard in October Term Four criminal cases are included in a total of 31 listed on the circuit court calendar for the October term of circuit court due to get under way here on Monday, Oct. 2 a before Judge Max E. Neal. The People vs. Frank Hawley on a charge of assault with a dangerous weapon, held over from a previous term, is due to come up next month. Three remaining cases on the criminal docket are The People vs. Len Kimball, an appeal from Justice Court; The ..People vs. James Bqtten, issuing checks without sufficient funds, and The People vs. Howard Hemmings on a statutory charge. The calendar lists 14 non- jury civil cases and two civil jury cases, considerably ' heavier than at the June term of circuit court. Eleven other cases are listed. Of this number, eight are di- directing the tests for the Fire- vorce actions. stone Tire and Rubber company | of Akron, O., said the two had Ponnvt "Rrornon To been doing trials three weeks. K-epOI I J51 emen ±b The "crux" of the issue, he said, was repeal of the embargo, which forbids shipments of munitions to combatant nations, and a "return to international law." The president took occasion, too, to renew his plea for nonpartisanship during the present international crisis and to reas-' sure the nation of his belief that America could keep (from being embroiled in Europe's conflict. "Let no man or group in any walk of life," the president said, "assume exclusive protectorate over the future well-toeing of America — because I conceive that regardless of party or section the mantle of peace and of patriotism is wide enough to cover us all. "Let no group assume the exclusive label of the peace 'bloc.' We all belong to it." Mr. Roosevelt added that "hi my candid judgment" the Unlt,- ed States would "succeed in these efforts" to keep out of war. • . '., v.••-T'- Other Phases When and if the embargo, is scrapped, the president said there were other phases of policy "re-enforcing American safety" that should 'be considered. He listed: Restricting American merchant vessels, so far as.possible, from entering danger zones. Preventing American citizens from traveling on belligerent vessels. Requiring foreign buyers to take transfer of title in th'is country to commodities bought by belligerents. (Cash-and-carry) . Preventing extension of war credits to belligerents. Two other objectives, the chief executive saiG, have been attained amply under existing law. These are the regulation of collections of funds in this country for belligerents and the maintenance of a license system covering foreign trade in arms, ammunition and implements of war. Choice of Methods The president left to Congress, however, a choice of methods by which these "safeguards" should be set up—"so long as the method chosen will meet the needs of new and changing day to day situations and dangers. "To those who say that this program wo.uld involve a step toward war on our part," the chief (Please turn to Page 8, Column. 2) luts IT ORIOLE FIELD Wind Up Affairs of Electric Board LANSING, Sept. 21.—•(#>)— The state electrical administrative board today began "liquidating" its business under an order of the state administrative board which permitted the payments of salaries to a minimum, staff of "clean-up" em- ployes. The administrative board approved the expenditure . of office expenses from $20,000 left of the 1939 legislative appropriation for the electrical board. Auditor General Vernon J. Browin said that since the supreme court had outlawed the electrical 'board he had 'been unable to pay a reduced staff af three .persons in that office and that some staff was required -to handle its closing affairs. In the.meantime, the administrative board asked the attorney general to determine the disposition of the now on the (books. license fees Taken by British LONDON, Sept. 21.—(/P)—Reports the liner Bremen, pride of Germany's merchant fleet, had been captured by the royal navy and escorted into a British port gained .prevalence today in the absence of government denials. The British Press association, commenting on the reports, said stories that the Bremen was on the way to England had been current for several days. "Though no official confirmation was forthcoming in London this morning, the press association said, "the story of the liner's capture was not denied." (In New Orleans, Baron Edgar Von Spiegel,. German consul general, was quoted as saying the Bremen was ".safe and sound" in the Soviet Russian port of Murmansk. Spiegel, who did not give the source of his information, said the liner had "required 12 days to outman- Work on erection of flood- 1 CVJUll C\.l J.£l UO.JO l/U UUUllLClli- ,«,www ». ~.- -*» «-- ~ it fj k euver enemy warships in a the best-lighted fields in progressing rapidly, Superintendent H. H. Hawley announcced. this morning. The lighting system is expected to be set up in. plenty of time for the opening game with Scottville which has been set for Saturday, Sept. 30. Installation of the lighting system is being performed by. a crew of Michigan Public Service workmen. The poles, upon which reflectors will be set, are already up. There are five of these poles, each towering 47, feet above the field, on-, each side of the gridiron. Near the top of each are two cross-arms on which the reflectors will be mounted. The three center poles on both sides of the field will have six reflectors while the four end posts will have four reflectoi,* each, a total cf E2 reflectors ia all. , •••••.•• ; Each reflector powered with a 1,500 watt blub will give tin field a total .light, output of 78,000 watts and make it t onejrf brilliant dash" to safety.) section of the^state. -. >,...-,!.
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