The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on April 13, 1956 · Page 1
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 1

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Blytheville, Arkansas
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Friday, April 13, 1956
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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OP NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. LH—NO. 20 Blytheville Courier BlytheviHe Daily Newt Mississippi Valley Leader Blytheville Herald BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, FRIDAY, APRIL IS, 1956 SIXTEEN PAGES Published Daily Except Sunday SINGLE COPY FIVE CENTS New Pledges Ease Tension In Middle East By ERIC GOTTGETREU JERUSALEM (AP) — Tension eased noticeably across Israel today in the wake of pledges from Israel and Egypt to hold off any new shooting action except in self-defense. The night passed quietly. No in cidents were reported since ye terday's aerial engagement ove Israel's Negev Desrt and on change of rifle fire across th Gaza frontier several hours afte Unofficial reports from Cair said Arab commando squads—th Fedayeen—were being withdraw from Israel. But an Israeli Po elgn Ministry spokesman asserte Egypt was "trying to pull th wool over the eyes of the world. 14 Killed, 32 Wounded A 13-year-old boy, w o u n d e Wednesday night In an attack c a school, died. By Israeli coun this brought the total of Fedayee victims to 14 dead and 32 wounde since Saturday night. The Israel said they killed 13 Fedayeen an captured 8. The relaxation of tension ove Israel was indicated by increasin preparations for Independenc Day, to be ushered in Sunda evening. The streets of Jerusalem, Te Aviv. Haifa and many othe smaller cities were being deco rated for the main celebration Monday of Israel's 8th year as a; independent state. U.N. Secretary General • Da Hammarskjold, in Cairo on th first leg of his Palestine peac tour, reported that Egypt and Is rael had promised not to commi warlike acts against each othei Both countries, however, empha sized that they reserved the righ to act in self defense. Shortly after Hammarskjold' report was made public at U.N headquarters in New York, it wa: announced that Israeli Premie: David Ben-Gurlon had written the secretary general protesting tha Egypt was continuing hostile tions. ..„ Agreed in Principle In Cairo, the semi-official Egyp tian News Agency said Israel hat agreed in principle to a proposa by Hammarskjold that Israeli am Egyptian forces withdraw 5Qi meters — slightly less than one thi rd mile — from the frontier Israel had, rejected the same pro posal by Egypt last summer, con' tending a withdrawal would onlj make it easier for the Fedayeer to cross the frontier. Egypt has been reported willing to withdraw from the Gaza Strip border but not from the frontier between the Negev Desert and the Sinai Peninsula. In yesterday's aerial action over 61BypassRoute Set for Change Flat Lake Road To be Location Arkansas Highway Department apparently is going lo change somewhat the routing of the new segment Of U. S. 61. City Planning Commission was notified yesterday that new route of the highway will be located in the vicinity of the Flat Lake Road, pending approval of the new location by Missouri Highway Department. CPC posted a vigorous objection with the highway department concerning original location of the route. The commission felt BlytheviLle's growth eastward would be stifled by location of the supsr-hishway-to-be so near the present city limits. AIID must work with the Mis-. souri on location of the new high- j way because the Show-Me state already has completed one leg of the % the southern desert area, Israel claimed one and possibly two Egyptian planes were downed. Egypt said one Israeli plane was shot down but the Israeli Army had a n n o u n c e d earlier, "our planes returned safely to base." Israel reported two of its fight- See MID EAST on Page 16 MADE IN USSR — This Egyptian soldier is peering through the sight of a Russian-made mortar acquired in a recent deal. Israelis charge receipt of Soviet material like this has sparked renewed Egyptian aggressiveness. If Peace Mission Succeeds: Doubling of UN's Mid-East Truce Team Is Expected By JOHN M. HIGHTOWER WASHINGTON (AP) — American officials expect the United Nations truce supervision team in the Middle East to be doubled if present U. N. peace efforts are successful. The United States is backing the U. N. mission to the limit. The little White House a Augusta, Ga., announced yesterday President Eisenhower had sent personal messages to Pre mier Gamal Abdel Nasser of Egypt and Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion of Israel. Indications were that he was urging restraint on both sides in the critical situation. The messages were sent Monday in connection with Eisenhower's public statement, announced then, which in effect told both Arabs and Israelis the United States is determined to oppose any aggression in the area. Border Incidents What American officials most fear is not that either leader would deliberately start a war now 3Ut that a continuance of bloody border incidents would precipitate general conflict: neither' side could stop. The Palestine truce supervision organization under Canadian Gen Edson Burns plays an important role in trying to avoid such inci- dents. Dispatches from Cairo last night were somewhat optimistic about th.L U.N. peace mission, being handled personally by Secretary Gen eral Dag Hammarskjold. Withdrawal of Forces One of his aims is to obtain withdrawal of forces from border areas. Another is to try to obtain guarantees of complete freedom of movement for the U.N. truce supervision team. Eisenhower and British Prime Minister-.Eden- offered-at the conclusion of talks here in February to provide additional manpower for Burns if he wanted it. ' It was' learned today that Burns has discussed this possibility with U.N. officoals. He sent word he would like toi have a larger force, but felt 1 would be useful only if he was as sured of unhindered movemen' Depend on Agreement His operations depend on th agreement of Israel and of Egyp and the other Arab states. Officials here said that at pres ent his men move without restric tion in Jordan, Syraia and Leban times limited. Israel have reportedly been some on. Their movements in Egypt ant Burns' team now includes 3 military observers of these na tionalilies: Americans, French am Belgians, seven each; Canadians five; Swedes and Danes, fou each; and New Zealanders two Preliminary informal' exchange with Burns to date have dealt with an increase, up to possibly 100 mil itnry observers. Gen. Gruenther to Quit as NATO Chief; Norstad to Succeed Him. AUGUSTA, Ga. (AP), — President Eisenhower today announced the retirement of Gen. Alfred M. Gruenther as NATO commander, effective toward the end of the year. The President picked Gen. Lauris Norstad to succeed Gruenther. White House Press Secretary in reply to a question today, Hag- Gen. Alfred M. Gmenther James C. Hagerty said at Eisenhower's vacation headquarters here that Gruenther, 57, is retiring from the Army and supreme commander of Allied Forces in Western Europe "because of personal reasons." Hag- etry said he could not elaborate. Norstad, 49, now is air deputy to Gruenther in the NATO setup. Air Deputy Gruenther, a close personal friend of the President, has been nato commander since 1953. In 1951-52 when Eisenhowo was supreme commander, Gruenther was his deputy. Norstad has been Gruenther's air-deputy since 1953. Prior to that he commanded U. S. and allied air forces in Western . Euorpe. Underwent Surgery A few months ago Gruenther underwent what was described as minor surgery at the Army's Walter Reed Hospital in Washington. g Memphis-St Louis interstate highway, Jack Thompson Elected at BHS Jack Thompson was named president of Blytheville High School's Student Council for next school year. Students elected new officers in voting this morning. Also elected were Don Byrne, vice president; Barbara Dale bunlap secretary, and Susan Huffman, treasurer. Hungary to Get US Farm Surplus WASHINGTON (/Pi — Communist Hungary, stricken first by a bitter winter and later by heavy floods, will receive U. S. surplus farm supplies to help feed its people. The State Department announced yesterday thnt the Hungarian government has accepted an offer of U. S. aid, after first rejecting It. The League of Red Cross Societies is now helping with a survey to help determine the need and means of meeting it. Bank Lending Rate !s Increased by FRB ... By FRANK O'BRIEN WASHINGTON (AP) — The Federal Reserve Board today held a big caution sign above the gathering 1956 business boom by hiking its bank lending rate to its highest level in a year to head off inflation by the reserve system. The board approved, effective Reserve Board late yesterday had today, a jump of 2',a to 3 per cent in the discount rate for the Minneapolis and San Francisco Federal Reserve banks. The rate for nine other banks — all except Chicago —goes up from 2' 2 to 2^ per cent. Directors of the Chicago bank did not meet yesterday. The discount rate is the Interest been forecast by some economists and business writers, and brought little immediate reaction. The higher bank lending rate came in the face of increasing demands for credit. Business loans by Reserve member banks in March increased l>/ 4 billion dol- rate at which member banks may | ars over February - a one-month borrow from the Federal Reserve! increase of 5 per cent. Consumer to meet the lending needs of their customers. Sam« Rate Normally, all 12 Federal Reserve banks adopt the same discount rate within a short time. General agreement on a new rate of either 2-li or 3 per cent was expected shortly. Not since May 1953 has the Reserve System's general discount rate been as high as 3 per cent. It had been not more than 2'/a P«r cent since Oc- ober 1933.. Th* change* inoouncftd credit also was reported increasing. Fifth Increase Today's increase was the fifth since last April 14, when the rate was moved up from l\' 2 per cent. By November u was 2' /2 per cent. Then, ns now, the Reserve System was seeking to restrain the use of credit (n the business boom which roared on throughout 1955, and, after a brief pause early this erty said he did not know whether Gruenther is giving up his NATO post for health reasons. A White House statement said that Elsenhower -"with deep regret" has accepted a request from Gruenther for retirement from the Army "toward the end of this year." $933,000 OK For Base Here House Approves Additional Funds Military construction authorization of $933,000 for Blytheville Air Force Base has been approved by the House and sent to the Senate in Washington. Little Rock AFB would set $1,528,000 tinder the bill, a slight reduction from the 51,536.000 asked by the Defense Department. Biytheville's total is the same as recommended by the department. The money will go toward additional construction. Toostmosters Go to Kennett Members of Blytheville's Toastmasters Club will be on hand in Kennett, Mo., tonight to meet with the Kennett Toastmasters. On the program from the Bly- thcyllle club will be Bill Hrabovsky and Jimmy Richardson. Others making the trip include Wallace Smith. Bob McHaney, Elbert Johnson and Marvin Razcr. Farm Bill Veto Weighed By Ike; Demos Map Attack Foes Will Use Veto as Major Campaign Issue By JACK BELL WASHINGTON (AP) — Several Democrats made :lear today they would use veto of the new farm, bill b resident Eisenhower as springboard for direct attack on him in the political carr paign. Sen. Humphrey (D-Minn) sai hat if Eisenhower rejects the bi 'it. will be his own personal dec iion." and he added: "The issue will be on the Pres lent's desk then. There will be n vay he can shift the blame I Secretary of Agriculture Benso ind try to dodge the political con iequences. "I don't think the Democrat vill. let the farmers forget who Is esponslble." Will Help Chance* Democrats have been contend ng that what they'call "unrest the farm areas woulc' hel heir chances in November. Man rf them have conceded privately rowever, that resentment at lo\ irices thus fur seemed to be d 'ected more at Benson than n Cisenhower. Chairman Ellender (D-La) c he Senate Agriculture Commute aid he thinks a veto would brim ;n overnight change. "If the President vetoes th iill—and I still don't think he wi —the farmers will blame Eisen ower personally, and not Benson or their plight," he said. Ellender said a veto would hur lisenhower politically. He adde wt If the bill Is rejected "(her ; no question in .my mind thn 'e will have a Democratic Scnnt nd House next year." "Hurls Golf Game" There was word yesterday from .ugusta, Ga., where ELsenhowe ; mixing work and golf, that he i not likely to act on the bil ntl! he returns to the capital nex eek. Taking note of this, Humphrey aid in a statement "I am sure farmers will understand tha orry over a farm bill can get j: tan olf his golf game." The lone of Democratic attacks ns set yesterday by Senate Dem cratlc leader Lyndon B. johnsoi Texas. Johnson told newsmen iat if Elsenhower rejects the bil 10 will be taking two billion dol- rs out of the pockets of the rmers." Farmers Divided ' Sen. Goldwater (R-Ariz), who ited against the measure, said e thinks the farmers nre "di- ded on whether it Is a good bill not." Sen. Schoeppel of Kansas, who cently succeeded Goldwater airman of the GOP senatorial mpaign committee, viewed jsslble veto with misgivings, hoeppel voted for the bill when passed the Senate. "I think a veto will make it etty rough for us in some ol the rm states," Schoeppel said. 'erdict Goes b Manila Man A directed verdict In favor of fold Walls, of Manila, was grant- by Circuit Judge H. G. (Chary) Partlow in an appeal of n urge of driving over a fire hose th a pickup truck. Last Oct. 30, Walls was cited for e alleged act by Manila officials. 'Und guilty, he appealed lo Cir- It Court. When the city of Manila's case completed yesterday, Walls' fense attorney moved for the rdict In Walls' favor. Partlow smlssed the count against the an. Weather yrar, h -s ngain UMJ up strongly. In Municipal Court J. P. Harmon pleaded guilty Municipal Court yesterday to charge of assault with a deadly weapon. He was fined $50 and costs and $15 of the fine was suspended. Tn another C?F,K. James Thrmias started moving. forfrile^ «T '— ' -n " rIMlion for 1 parking on the sidewalk. NORTHEAST ARKANSAS: Partly cloudy this afternoon, tonight and tomorrow with no important, i temperature changes. HiKh this afternoon, mid 70'a low tonight near 50. MISSOURI: Fair this afternoon warmer north and west portions tonight; Saturday generally fair and warmer; low tonight in lower 4<).s; high Saturday G5-70 northeast to upper 70s .southwest. Minimum this mornlnn—-H. Maximum yesterday—70. Sunrise today—5:30. Sunset today—ti:31. Msan te;npcriilurc—57.5. Precipitation 24 hours (7 n.m. to 7 p.m.)—none. Precipitation Jan. 1 to dnl«—20,58. This Date Last Year Maximum yrstcr'dny—70. Minimum thli morning -flO "*' pclpltatlon J.\n. 1 to th!* tlatf-- 17.M. I SIDE BY SIDE — These two rival political figures are trying out a bipartisan policy unique in politics. The elephant is enroiite to Republican headquarters for use in the -presidential campaign. The donkey, traditional Democratic symbol, Is also headed for a GOP home, making this cargo strictly a Republican haul. Alberto Martin Artajo, foreign minister of Spain, Is sending the donkey to President Eisenhower's grandson, David. Stevenson Joins Attack on Ike; Hall Lambasts Truman By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Adlai Stevenson says former President Truman hit "very close to the mark" in labelling President Eisenhower a "do- nothing," but GOP party chief Leonard W. Hall says, Truman Is engaging in "dirt slinging." Democratic National Chn.irmun+ Paul' M. Butler echoed Truman's 'do-nothing," refrain in R speech U Harrisburgt Pa,, last night Sutler snfd "no leadership for ti cgislative program in the public ntercst has come from either the White House or the club house Augusta." Tliis was a reference to the \ugusta (Ga.) National Golf Club vherj Eisenhower is spending •icf vacation. Asked for com- nent yesterday on Truman's ilnst, White House press Secre- ary James C. Hngerty said he loesn'l, believe Truman "by hi. 1 wn standards, can recognize ac :otnpMshmcnt . . ." Afiretd With Truman Stevenson, campaigning in Florda for thnt state's 28 votes at the Democratic presidential nomina- Ing convention next August, lold news conference nt Key West ist night that he 'could not ,uarrel with anything Mr, Trunan Laid" about Eisenhower, dding: "When we look to the deteriora- :>n of our situation abroad and ur failure to make pi ogress at omc, it seems that Mr. Truman's iiarncteriKation Is hitting very lose to the mnrk." In Washington, Republican Na- ional Chairman Hall said in a tatement \slorrlay Truman's Vedne.sday niRht speech in Des koines — in which the former ^resident hung the "do nothing" RR on Eisenhower — wa.s "char- cteristicnlly intemperate." Hall naid Trumrin seems "de- ermirjed to engage in a dirt sling- ig campaign against President !isenbower." The GOP chairman rcdictcd that Truman "will get See IKK on Page 16 i Moses Tosses Out Challenge Says State's Opportunities Never Better Mississippi County was told yesterday to draw a bead on its goals for progress for the next ten years, "and then be determined to better them." The speaker was C. Hamilton Moses, president of Arkansas Power and Light Co. and president of the Arkansas Economic Council- State Chamber of Commerce. Moses, brought here at the invitation of Blythcvllle's Chamber of ComrnorcG, spoke to a crowd which overflowed Hotel Noble's Plantation Room. Cites Population Loss Kiwanis and Rotary Clubs made it a Joint meeting. Guests from over the county were present. Moses cited this county's popu- atlon losses and challenged the group to "cio something about it." "It is the same story throughout eastern Arkansas where economic changes have meant a loss In population since the war," he said. In 1D45, the county's population Was 83,000. Ten years later it had dipped to 75,800 as farm labor continued to leave the area. According to estimates presented by Moses yesterday, the population should be up to 79.GOO by 1065. Moses poinled out that Mississippi County's retail sales, which has See MOSES on rage IB I President May Tell Decision In TV Address By MARVIN L. ARROWSMITH AUGUSTA, Ga. (AP) — President Eisenhower's headquarters said today he may go on nationwide television and radio next week to disclose his sign or veto decision on the politically explosive farm bill. Reports persisted Elsenhower has decided to veto the measure, but James C. Hagerty, White House press secretary, declined comment. Hagerty said "no decision has been reached yet" regarding an Elsenhower TV - radio talk, but that the possibility is being considered. Hagerty made the statement to newsmen as Eisenhower awaited the arrival of Secretary of Agriculture Benson for a conference on the farm bill here tomorrow. "Quit*. Probable" It is "quite probable," Hagerty said, that Elsenhower and Benson will decide tomorrow whether the President should go on the air. Asked again about published reports that Eisenhower, who has called the bill unworkable, already has decided to veto the election year measure, Hagerty said: "I never make any comment on presidential action on any bill until the President takes such action." Asked then whether Eisenhower has made up his mind yet, Hagerty replied he would have no comment on that either. Earlier, Hagerty said the likelihood still Is that in any event El- sen'iower, won't disclose his decision until he returns to Washington early next Week. Refused Comment The press secretary refused comment last night on a Kansas City Star Washington dispatch that the President definitely had decided against signing the farm measure. The Kansas City Star said last night that Elsenhower has decided on a veto. James C. Hagerty, White House press secretary, said here he had no comment on that dispatch by Duke Snoop of the Star's Washington bureau, or any other ''speculative" story. Benson, who also has spoken out strongly against certain major provisions of the bill. Is scheduled to arrive by plane from Wash- 'npiton late tonight. He will bo accompanied by Un dersecretary of Agriculture True D. Morse; Don Paarlberg, a Benson aide; Dr. Gabriel Hauge, presidential economic adviser; Prd A. Seaton, White House congressional liaison man; and Kevin McCann, assistant to Elsenhower preparation of speeches and statements. They will meet with .he President Saturday morning nt his working vacation headquar- 'ers, the Augusta National Golf 21ub. To Prepare Speech? Inclusion of McCann In the Washington delegation touched off speculation that Elsenhower had summoned the writer specialist for preparation of a television - radio address to the nation on his signor-veto decision on the farm bill. Asked about that possibility, -fagerty told newsmen that "noth- ng has been decided one way or See FARM on Page 16 JSDA Goes Ahead with Plans : or Soil Bank Program in '56 By OVID A. MARTIN WASHINGTON (AP) — Agriculture Department officials ignored what they called un- ertainties and went ahead today with plans for putting a soil bank program into operation lis year. Officials said this was not to be taken as an indication that President Eisenhower will gn a new farm bill authorizing the program. There has been wide specula- government would offer payments on that Eisenhower will veto the because It contains—besides i the soil bank plan which he rc.c- supports to levels condemned by supports to levels condemned by Congress which would raise price supports to levels condemned by the administration. No Halt Ordered Secretary of Agriculture Benson has described the measure as "unacceptable" and Eisenhower has said it is not e good bill. Officials of the department's Commodity Stabilization Service— the agency which administers price support,!, crop, adjustments and related farm programs—are working on details of the soil bank plan to put tt before farmers at I'-?l nv-'Mn--.",. Under the soil bank plan, the, totaling $1,200.000,000 a year to farmers for taking upward of 10 per cent of their cropland out of production of surplus commodi' tics. Since the planting season Is at hand, the department now estimates the maximum payments likely to be made In 1956 at half a billion dollars — If it becomes law soon. In explaining why the agency continued to work on the plan, officials said they had not received any word to stop their operations. Benson's office was noncommittal. The key to Elsenhower's decision well may rest on the bill's provisions affecting corn find other livestock feeds find grains. Largely On Corn What happen* to corn aud the other grains—and the livestock to which they are fed—has greater potential political influence In a presidential election than anything likely to happen to any other combination of farm products. Thl is because the farm economy of the politically powerful midwest is built largely on com, hogs and cattle. Too much grain usually brings economic aa well as political problems there, . Acreage Reduction The corn program set up by Benson calls for acreage restrictions that would require farmers in a designated commercial corn belt to reduce, planting 25 per cent below lust year, or forego price supports. This sharp reduction is required by law because of prea

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