FOUR IRONWOOD DAILY GLOBE, IRONWOOD, MICHIGAN MONDAY, MAY 17,1965. IRONWOOD DAILY GLOBE "Tht Daily Globe is an independent newspaper, supporting what it believes to be right and opposing what it believes to be wrong, regardless of party politics, and publishing the news fairly and impartially." -Linwood I. Noyes, Editor and Publishe, 1927-1964. Mrs. Linwood I. Noyes, President Edwin J. Johnson, Fditor and Publisher Elizabeth II and West Germany Too much can bo road into the visit of Queen F.li/aboUi II HI id Prince Philip of Britain to West Germany. Like most goodwill missions undertaken bv this handsome couple, the visit will be dressed and glossed with pomp and ceremonv alleviated by moments of relaxation and outbreaks of impromptu fun. The Queen on May 19 will lay a wreath of flowers at the monument to Ludwig van Bec- t'loven in Bonn's Minister Square. This is the monument that was dedicated .on Aug. 12, 1845. in the presence of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert. Elizabeth and Philip will visit Koblenz, Wiesbaden, Munich. Stuttgart, Cologne. Dus- M'ldorf. Duisbnrg. Hanover, and Hamburg. In Berlin they will drive along a stretch of the Communist wall of shame. The royal couple will spend a weekend as the guests of the. Margravine of Baden. Philip's sister. His two other sisters. Princess JIo- nenlohe-Langenburg and the Princess of Hanover, also live in southern Germany. The significance of the roval visit is wholly symbolic and as such it is rather anti-climactic. It is as if the Good Germans were being given a final seal of approval. It comes late. It comes after several visits from President de Gaulle, of France and from recent British prime ministers. It comes alter President Kennedy's rousing "Ich biu ein Berliner" demonstration of two years ago. Thus when the Queen's plans were announced last November, the Yorkshire Post observed: "What is surprising is not that the Queen is going to West Germany next May but that she has not been there before. West Germany is a good friend and ally, both to Britain and NATO. She has proved herself to be the most stable of the three powers in Western Europe, and there are no real signs that she will slip back into the Nazi past. President dc Gaulle's visits showed triumphantly that the French, who suffered more than the British in both wars, were fully prepared to accept their ncighors." If the British crown were not immunized from politics—and had the visit not been announced so long ago—one might suspect Prime Minster Harold Wilson of consummate skill in timing. Granted that the royal visit was a long time in coming, it could not have arrived at a better moment from Britain's—and perhaps from Germany's'—point of view. Wilson." anything but a Eurocrat in his campaign, last fall, has been showing a growing ambition to lead his nation into the Common Market, if not European political integration. West Germany is Britain's logical sponsor. And a recent series of rebuffs by De Gaulle, including refusal to go along with a British-American statement about German reunification, certainly has made Chancellor Lud- vvig Erhard of the Federal Republic more receptive than ever to British counsel Erhard's pique was evident in an address, May 9, before the 12th annual meeting of the Action Committee for a United States of Europe. "All of us know only too well," Erhard said, "that Europe cannot be German. French or Russian, but must think in terms of cooperation and equality" Elizabeth and Philip, aside from politics, can expect a warm welcome. West German children have been advised that shouts of. "Hcil" will not be in good taste. Clapping and waving will be adequate. Air War Now Impersonal If a real air war develops in the skies over Viet Nam, the outcome may depend not on which side has the best pilots but which has the most reliable computers The dogfight that pitted pilot against pilot is a thing of the past, at least where air de- lense is concerned, says the Air Force. It is machine against machine, with the human pilot merely an accessory, though vital, part of a complex system. As late as the Korean War, air clashes were directed by flight leaders in the air, taking part in the battle themselves. Though »hey lought in slightly inferior aircraft, American pilots racked up a 14-to-l kill ratio over the Communists because of their superior skill and initiative. Todav. all phases of air defense warfare arc controlled from the ground by senior officers and a staff of experts aided by high-speed electronic computers. A pilot is guided to a target by this ground team using radar and data supplied by the computers When the target shows up on the radar scope carried in the fighter plane, the pilot stops the sweeping beam of the scope and "locks onto" the enemy The radar beam feeds range and angle data to a small computer attached to the plane's firing mechanism. The computer then automatically ealuculates the precise moment to fire the plane's air-to-air missies. The .pilot may never even see his opponent. Fountain of Youth In Pakistan? "The days of our years are three-score years and ten." wrote the Psalmist, and despite medicine's great victories over disease in tin's century, that remains for the vast majority of mankind the upper limit of life. For we must remember that the figures quoted by public health experts and life insurance companies are merely the number of years a newborn infant can expect to live. The actual length of life itself still hovers around the Biblical mark, and the exact reasons why the body wears out about this time still puzzle science. There is one people, however, that mysteriously eludes for half a lifetime longer the fate of the rest of the world. They are the isolated, half-legendary Hunzas, who live in the northern mountains of Pakistan. Could LBJ Reverse the Engines? (Copyright 1969, King Features Syndicate. Inc.) By John Chamberlain The liberals are straining at the leash because of President Lyndon Johnson's rwo- liemispherc opposition to revolutions that could result in Communist take-overs Whether they will openly break with Johnson over his conduct of affairs is a moot matter; their phrases, insinuating that a divorcement is possible, have not yet resulted in the taking of irrevocable positions. The wording in a letter written by Theodore Draper, a good friend of the former president of the Dominican Republic, Juan Bosch, is symptomatic. Draper says that, by sending marines into Santo Domingo, "We have made it possible for the totalitarians to capture and cynically exploit the banner of constitutionalism," but he still leaves room for Lyndon Johnson to find his way back to Bosch. But supposing that Johnson, who must know all about Bosch's own history of indecisivencss, just can't take the man? What will the liberals do then? New York's Senator Robert Kennedy, during the congressional debate on Johnson's warchest money, uttered more than a veiled warning that the U.S. has no business taking action in the Caribbean without express permission of the OAS. He thus might find himself propelled into the leadership of an open anti-Johnson faction in the Democratic party. This is unlikely before 1968 unless events move with a speed that cannot be foreseen, but it is a possibility. On the other hand, Lyndon Johnson can hardly reverse his engines in either Viet Nam or the Caribbean without inviting disasters that could really break the Democratic parly in two. If the U.S., after telling the world that it would not be pushed out of Saigon, were to accede to any flabby "neutralist" settlement leading to a Communist take-over, it would set the stage for all manner of ugly bickering at home in America. The membership of the John Birch Society and the Minutemen would take a dramatic leap; the air would be bitter-blue with "I told you so's." And then, if Thailand and Burma were to fall in short order to Communist coups, the tat would really be in the fire. A similar dissolution of civic bonds within 4, the U.S. would follow ii Castroites were to get control of the Dominican Republic and then proceed to stage victorious uprisings in countries such as Guatemala, Colombia, and Venezuela There are those who say that, in case of such dire happenings, a cowed American people would accept the result—in which case the Democratic party might still hope to remain in power despite a manifest retreat into isolation. But, I, for one, refuse to believe that the majority of Americans are yet a craven lot. Ii Lyndon Johnson were to cut and run in Southeast Asia or the Caribbean, and if the Communist dynamism were to roar into high gear in the frenzied effort to exploit newly created power vacuums, I would expect the Republicans to come back because of anger, fear, and frustration. It is obvious that Lyndon Johnson would likt 1 to reach stand-off decisions both in Viet Nam and in Santo Domingo. He manifestly doesn't want to bomb hanoi, much less invade North Viet Nam with ground troops. He certainly doesn't want to be embroiled in direct warfare with Red China. Nor does he want to hand the government of the Dominican Republic to any "living military symbols of Tru- jilloism," to use Theodore Draper's phrase. He wants things to come to rest at some mid-point in each hemisphere without letting the Communist fox into the hen roosts. But big forces have been set in motion, what with Communist subversion and the dispatch uf U.S. Marines to distant outposts. Johnson can't put the genie back into the bottle except by getting his own mid-point way. What if the pendulum-just won't come to rest? If he refuses to call the troops back home, the liberals may push things to an open break. But if he does choose to decamp from Asia and the Caribbean without reaching his goals, the kooks will turn on him in one way, and gentler people in both the Democratic and Republican parties will turn on him in another Lyndon Johnson is on a spot of his own making. He had to make his moves in Viet Nam and the Dominican Republic or else admit the U S. was powerless to stop the inarch of communism. At the very least he deserves foro bearaiicp in his moves to deprive the Communist fox of its intended prey. , Maybe We Should Appoint a Committee or Something!" r Today in World Affairs By DAVID LAWRENCE WASHINGTON—Mexico is our next-door neighbor and, despite occasional instances of frict i on over the years, the peoples of the two countries today have a common interest in the preservation of the American contine n t against the invasions of imperialism. It is surprising, therefore, to note the image of Mexico just portrayed to the people of the United States in a newspaper article in Mexico City by an official of the Mexican foreign office. The impression given is that Mexico is indifferent to the mischief which Communist imperialism has wrought in the world and is willing to gloss over its acts of aggression and insidious infiltration, including efforts to overthrow governments in many countries of the world, particularly in Latin America. Tourists from this country have gone to Mexico in recent years and found a cordial welcome, as have businessmen. Mexican officials, moreover, have expressed great friendship for the United States and an appreciation of the financial and economic contributions be i n g made to Latin America through the "Alliance for Progress." The United States at one time, it will be recalled, interposed its force to prevent French imper- iaism under Maximilian fr o m making Mexico a satellite of a European power. All this makes it difficult to understand why the Mexican government itse 1 f permits criticism of the United States such as now is appearing in print. it it it The Mexican official says that the landing of United States marines and paratroopers in Santo Domingo has "sunk the efforts of Latin-American nations to get the United States to accept the principle of nonintervention as a guarantee of self- determination." But hasn't the United States really endeavored to stop the intervention of the Communists in the Dominican Republic, and hasn't President Johnson announced that there is no intention to occupy Santo Domingo or to keep our troops there any longer than is necessary for the OAS to establish a peace-keeping formula? The Mexican article adds: "As of now, any of our peoples are exposed to invasion of U.S. marines and paratroopers if the OAS does not hurry to send its own police at the moment demands or discontent arise which an interested group classifies Communist." This inference is disproved by the fact that the United States has urged the organization of American states to develop a formula which would make it unnecessary for this country or any other country hereafter to intervene unilaterally. But the fact is that the Dominican Republic was exposed to a C o m- rnunist takeover, and there was not time to wait for the hitherto procrastinating processes of the OAS. If anything, the episode emphasizes the importance of adopting a new formula w h i ch can instantly be brought into being by a group of Latin-American countries, acting together, in order to prevent intervention by any foreign power. 4 •& it Unfortunately, the Communists have made inroads in almost every country in Latin America. Their stooges and agents have infiltrated important places, and tliey exercise an influence which even some people in the govern-! ments themselves are inclined to belittle or ignore. There would not have been demonstrations in the streets of Mexico City on Tuesday or any burning of an American flag and of an effigy of Uncle Sam if the Communists had not been able to organize a demonstration of thousands of students, who readily got a permit from the Mexican government. The Communists are waging a worldwide campaign against the democra9ies, and their unw i t- ting—if not their best—allies are not their best—allies are those who minimize communist activity and call it merely ideological or the expression of unpalatable opinions. The example of Cuba stands as concrete evidence of how, only 90 miles off the shores of this country, Communist imperialism can take over the whole of a L a t i n-American country. Have the people of that island benefitted by the Communist-in- spired regime? The tragic deterioration of the economy of Cuba is well known. it it * Criticism by the official of the Mexican foreign office is bound to encourage those factions inside the United States which do not believe in the "Alliance for Progress" at all and who think our efforts to help Latin- American neighbors will be met only with acts of ingratitude. The true friends of Mexico and the United States, however, are not going to be thwarted by the tactless and mistaken expressions of a Mexican foreign office spokesman. They are going to continue their efforts to convince the Mexican government and the Mexican people that the best course for Mexico to pursue is alongside the United Sta t e s government in a joint effort against Communism, just as Mexico recognized the threat of Hitler's Nazism and joined the United States by becoming a co-belligerent against Germany in World War II. (Copyright, 1965, New York Herald Tribune Inc.) The National Whirligig •» MeClur* Newspapat •pmtleaMI By ANDREW TULLY WASHINGTON — Because Congress is populated by politicians, President Lyndon J o h n- son may lose the tax-cutt ing championship to Capitol Hill this year. Some of the boys up there want to show the home folks that anything Lyndon can do they can do better. In Capitol corridors and committee rooms, there is ser i o u s talk about tossing new largesse to the taxpayers in the form of three proposals: 1. Blowing down planned increases in Social Security payroll taxes designed to finance the new medicare program. 2. Cutting income taxes again, this time largely in the lower income brackets. 3. Slashing excise taxes far beyond the $1.75 billion proposed by President Johnson. Some Hill types want to trim as much as $4 billion from these taxes, 1» ft 6 LBJ OPPOSES BIG CUT NOW — Johnson is not amused by these efforts to get it for the taxpayer wholesale. Possibly he is sorry he ever proposed an excise tax cut, but he can't be faulted on that one. He and his advisers conceived the reduction last January as a fiscal stimulus to keep the economy moving ahead after the effects of the 1964 income-tax cut presumably had spent themselves. But since then the rate of the economy's expansion has accelerated beyond forecasts, resulting in new pressures on Congress to wield a sharper axe on taxes. Johnson and his advisers oppose any large-scale cuts now. They feel they would be wasted when the economy is in the mid- dle of Its first real boom in 10 years. They want to save the prescription until the patient gets sick again. But on Capitol Mill there are new converts every day to the club which feels that the time has come at last to give the citizens a substantial tax reduction all along the line. As one of them put it the other day, "If we don't get it now, someb o d y downtown will arrange another international crisis and we'll never get it. The country is in good shape, and that's: the only time you can cut taxes." « a a SLOWING EFFECT — Admittedly, the new Social Security taxes would have a tendency to slow down the economy. Money the working man ordinar 11 y would spend in the market place will be channeled into Uncle Sam's treasury, and it would be some time before any substantial share of these taxes would be channeled back into the economy in the form of hospi t a 1 and doctors' fees. At this stage, it is quite probable that if the new SS taxes are not postponed Congress will decide to cushion the impact by raising the rates more gradually than now specified. Social Security taxes are expected to rise by about $5 billion in 1966, and a drain of that size on purchasing power could cause trouble. Some Administration experts, who don't want to tinker with these payments, are pushing another income tax cut as a means of compensating for this. For the taxpayer, the prospects are cheerful; he is almost certain to get more relief from some source this year. Business Mirror The Washington Scene By RAY CROMLEY WASHINGTON — (NEA) — The United States has put $150 million aid into the tiny Dominican in the past three and a third years. That's almost $50 for every man, woman and child. On a man-for-man basis, it equals pouring $9 million into a country the size of the United States. Just after the Bay of Pigs debacle in Cuba, President Kennedy picked the Dominican Republic as the most likely nation to go the way of Cuba. He personally became intensely, emotionally involved involved in Dominican aid. There was a feeling among some men that he .almost took over the job of the State Department Domin lean desk officer. President Johnson has taken equally great interest. i Their object: To make this half island the show place of the Caribbean. * * a U. S. money financed a great many fine improvements — in agricultural output, rural credit, schools and industrial development. Chunks of money went Into financing Dominican budget deficits, into financing imports to hold down inflation, into setting up an agricultural county agent system. There was hope, that in another year the Domin- j lean Republic would be self-sufficient in food. The Peace Corps was going strong. The world price of sugar, the island's major cash crop, had recently fallen to catastrop h i c lows, but the United States was Ironwood Daily Globe Published evening!, except Sunday* by Globe Publishing Company. 118 E UcLeod Ave.. Ironwood, Michigan. Established Nov. 20, 1819, I Iron wood News-Record acquired April 16 1921; Ironwood Time* acquired May n. 1948.) Second elan pottage paid at Ironwood. Michigan. MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Pregi is entitled exclusively to the me for republcstlon of all the local news printed In thU newspaper, ai Wall a* eU *P new* Alt- patehM. Member of American Newspaper Publishers Association, Interamerlcan Press Association, Inland Dally Press Association, Bureau of Advertising, Michigan Press Association. Audit Bureau of Circulations. Subscription rates: By mall within • radius of 60 miles—per year, SB: six months, 15; three months, 13; one month, SI 90. No mall subscriptions sold to towns and location* where carrier sci vice Is maintained Elsewhere—per year, $18; one month. SI SO. All mail subscriptions payable In advance. By carrier, UO.BO per year la ad vanes; by lh« week, 40 senU. making up for this with food, cash and credit. What then went wrong? The evidence seems to indicate the 32 years of Truji 11 o dictatorship and the in-and-out governments since had left the people temporarily incapable of understanding democratic processes. When the government instituted reforms, those hit by the reforms turned against the government. When the governm e n t tried to stop bureaucrats from dipping their hands into the till, the bureaucrats became angry. When the government told army officers not to operate on the black market or take a rake- off on government contra c t s , they turned anti-government. When the government attempted to cut back on the over-size 35,000-man army and wean the police from terrorist methods, a chunk of these men turned sour. The few able administrators had been so tarred with the Trujillo brush as to be ineffective. * <r a On the other side of the political fence, after many years of dictatorship, many people were unhappy because reforms didn't go fast enough. Of the $150 million the United States put into the Dominican Republic these past few years, only a trickle was for the training of officials, army officers or police in democratic administrative tecniques and attitudes. Practically nothing was done to help the Dominicans set up responsible political parties. Almost no training was given people in the villages in setting up democratic voting and local governing procedures. The Dominican crisis see m s to show that investing millions in economic aid alone isn't sufficient to prevent communi s m or insure good government (in the short run anyway) if there is little or no experience in democratic self-government to begin with. Major U. S. successes have been In those countries where for one reason or another we interfered in the internal affairs of the governments and attempted directly to change these governments and attempted directly to change these governments and educate their people in democratic principles — Japan, West Germany and t h e Philippines. (Then we bowed out). Our major failures have been By SAM DAWSON AP Business News Analyst NEW YORK (AP) — Whatever cuts in excise taxes Congress finally makes the boost to the economy could be a lot larger than the revenue loss to the Treasury. Just how big a boost is hard to pinpoint because it involves pricing policies of corporations and the mushrooming effect that lower price tags can have on consumer spending urges. But both the administration Day in History By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Today is Monday, May 17, the j 137th day of 1965. There are 228 ] days left in the year. Today's highlight in history: On this date in 1946, President Harry S Truman seized the nation's railroads in the face of a strike. On this date In 1672, Joliet began to explore the Mississippi River. In 1814, the Norwegian Constitution was signed. In 1939, King George VI and Queen Elizabeth of England arrived in Quebec to tour Canada and the United States. In 1940, the Nazis occupied Brussels. In 1944, Merrill's Marauders captured the main Burmese airdrome of Myitkyina. Ten years ago—Iran outlawed Baha'i sect as inimical to Islam and two days later ordered destruction of the 165-foot dome of the Baha'i Temple in Tehran. Five years ago—Sen. John F. Kennedy won a landslide victory in Maryland's Democratic primary to enlarge his claim to the presidential nomination. One year ago—Pope Paul VI announced formation of a special Vatican secretariat to maintain relations with non-Christians. Record of the Past 10 YEARS AGO — Temperatures: High 62, low 32. . .Robert Olson, son of Mr. and Mrs. No| Ian Olson, is the valedictor i a n of the Ontonagon High Sch o o 1 with an average of 3.8125, and I Laura Warrener, daughter of 1 Mr. and Mrs. Gerald Warrener, is the sahitatorian with an average of 3.4078 out of a possible 4. . . .Dennis J. Maki, Hurley High School senior, has been awarded the Montreal Mining Co. scholarship to Michigan College of Mining and Technology, Hough ton. 20 YEARS AGO — Temperaatures: High 54, low 32. . .The state tax commission today announced a recommended reduction of $1,184,000 in mine valuations in Gogebic County. The total valuation recommended for 1945 is $16,790,000 compared with the 1944 valuation of $17,974,000. . . .Metron Wright of Ironwood Homesteads was elected president of the Ironwood Rotary club by the board of directors following the weekly meeting at the St. James hotel yesterday noon. in those democratically backward countries into which ws poured large amounts of economic aid but did little to train and educate them in democracy. and business are counting upon a considerable impetus to spending, and hence all the way back the line to production. it it H The impetus will be welcome since the Treasury will be collecting about $4.7 billion more from employes and employers in higher Social Security tax rates starting Jan. 1. That is, it will be taking that much more out of the economy that might otherwise be spent for goods and services. Increased Social Security benefits for retired persons to spend will make up for only part of this drain. Just how many more furs, jewelry, luggage and cosmetics will be bought if the 10 per cent federal excise levy at retail (a sales tax) is dropped can't be forecast for sure. But merchants think the lower prices will bring these items into the family budget range of many more persons, and also lure hordes of bargain seekers who have been holding off. And one piece of new finery often creates the yen for others to match. If Congress decides to lower the manufacturers tax on autos soon, or in stages over the next few years, car makers are confident sales will be enhanced and the four-year sales boom extended. The tax now brings the Treasury about $1.8 billion a year. it it it That any tax saving will be passed along in retail car prices — the tax is now included in the retail price — isn't a sure thing. But stiff sale;, competition in the industry makes it look likely. About 49 other products are included in present excise tax levies at the manufacturers level. They include such consumer items as radio and television sets, phonographs, records, light bulbs, mechanical pencils, pens and lighters, and such manufacturers and business office items as" auto parts and business machines, and such services as toll telephone calls, telegrams, cable and radio messages. Timely Quotes Through long and assiduous propaganda, the vast majority of Americans has been taught to revere the FBI as the nemesis of evil in all its forms. Generally overlooked Is one hard but inescapable fact: The FBI's vaunted record has been built against second and third stringers—it has never successfully tackled the real overlords of crime. —Author Fred J. Cook. There is no music without order—if that music comes from a man's innards. —Pianist-composer Cecil Taylor. A Daily Thought "If I am not doing the .works of my Father, then do not believe me; but if I do them, even though you do not believe me. believe the works, that you may know and understand that the Father is in me and I am in the Father." —John 10:37-38. The fact of Christ does not indeed show us everything", -but it shows us the one thing we need to know—the.character of God. God is tlie God who sent Jesus.—P. Carnegie Simpson.
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