1) JTOUR ti EVENING TIMES, V CUMBERLAND, MD, WEDNESDAY, 1 OCTOBER 19, 1 1955 < ' Dill PA-2-4600 for • U.I R/iv/« WANT AU Tliii Evening £ Sunday Times «i»r» »«.niwii m«wl •«»«•»> ••< | „•»«*•» PlbllihK b; Th« nn« ltd Alllll^U i>. t> totli MirttiH SI OMbttU* H*. M MOB* eUii-mill »«tt" •' c "." l "'l >> * Uid,. •»»>»« «clM. Mirct I, Ittl CLASSIC •< l> Mtabtt Aodil Bni»«« «< grolil l n» AMQclitH Ert« D)«] PA »•«» OM •'fvenlBf "an!? 36c™ Evening flm*» f«» . "». tei Evening tnd fiundiy niB*» «t p*r.wt«t «a»«7 .*•!•«*• 00)7. lOc per ropy. _ _ Mill Sul>icrl»«»B Bit" Ertnlni Tlrnw : III, JU. Jrd >>d 4th PoiUI ZOOM »1 U Monti - I7.W ill Month! - «14.« On. Yw Sth, tti. Ilk tin .Ith P»«t«l ZOMI ii.sci Mo.th -'ii.se sbt Momm - 111.00 o« *.« • Mill Suoieriptlon R»l« SuBd«j nmei Onto 1st, 2nd, 3rd «*d 4tb Portal * ZOOM f ; » Of* Month - ».» Si> «o«t»I - »4.M OM Vt« Sth. «th; Ith'iBd It* Poltil Zonti M On« MOBtb - 13.60 SU Monlhl - >7.IO OB« »«" Th« E«ntnj Tlmei iBd Sunday Tirati *«um« B» "Tfinanclal reipondbtlltj far typosnpbica) «rror» Ul " advertiiemenu but wijl repriat that part 01 aa i"adv«rtu*m«nt IB which taa .typographical orrtr T. yecuri, . errora mmt b>-r»port«d at oac«. jv ' Wednesday, Afternoon;- :0ct. 19, 1955; OUR COUNTIIT ;:•' Ttit onion ot nwrls, tht union of nomfi, one! Ike-Flog of our Union IMHM.—Mtrris . ?;TFa»Tt3iri's Altitude ,'•:.;, SINCE EARLY .THIS .year, Chief '; Justice. Earl Warren' has made no new ••' statement indicating his desire to remain , ,-on thV.Supreme Court father; than seek. '•ithe. presidency,' But there can be. little "doubt 'he .[eels the 'same. To Warren his present job'is the "most important in the world." He was exceedingly happy when .he got .it, and anyone knows. Warren's ,:,;jiature .can be sure -he is -not simply ra- - iiorializing disappointment at" not having. / gained the White House. The truth. is, .of , J course; that -Warren never did burn with ?• intense ambition for the presidency. Most I of the time .when he allowed his name to be presented as a California favorite son, . - he made no effort outside that state. In • 1952 he did campaign in Wisconsin's pri- i'-inary, but thatwasaboiit.it. 1 i' IT SHOULD NOT BE .thought from : this that he had no ambition for the ;• White House at all. He was a highly Sues' cessful three-term governor of a great < "•state. Men of such accomplishment sel- ; dom arc 'content to rest on their laurels. r- He acknowledged he .was looking beyond : for new challenges:' Three years ago he . • saw quite realistically the hold Mr. Eisen-. 2 hower had "OH the American people. By \' any normal figuring, this probably meant * two terms in the presidency. Warren, felt" ; that when this time. was up .his age would ; then be a bar. .So when .he accepted the ; high court post, he did it with the idea he" ; was turning to a. wholly new field for • fill• fillment. Having made the decision, .he' : i could -not -see the wisdom or Tightness of ' ever going back to politics. F/iifitey Boftoit Looking Sideways EmttyBelser Joan Fears Audiences But Plans Tour .'HOLLYWOOD — Joan - Crawford has'turned down over.one quarter ' of- : a millipri 'dollars in.live tele- .vision and night cliib offers, yet she'is going forth on a national personal appearance tour — for free. . •-...-. . Because, -the. truth is, Joan is scared silly 'of .flesh-and-blood audiences and . insists that she . can't act in front of-'em. -"I've never done, live TV and I 'never will," she exploded. "They, tellme J'd feel secure if I just tried it once,.but I won't do it!' . "I get hot and cold when I think of the millions oi people, who.-would be, out there looking at me," she added. "I don't mind doing film TV-" shows. If soniething goes .wrong, 1 know I can do" it over ' Miss Crawford will descend on a.dozen or so main-stem"eastern and mid-western cities, including Chicago, /Philadelphia, Boston and Detroit to advise them of the merits of her .two upcoming-filnis, "Queen Bee," arid "The Way'-We Are."' ' .'"'•' ;' '. IN FACT, HIS conception of the Supreme Court's role in American, life is so high-minded that he.is-passionatel'y de.vqt-. ed to keeping it;oul of politics. He clearly. does not'.b'eUeve'-it should be ; employed as a sleppingstone to the White House,.'nor. • in any .way sacrifice :its. independence, as a separate branch of .the federal government. Americans .must applaud this dedication, especially sin'ce the court had been badly mired in politics and dissension "before Warren's coming to ihe bench. By. the testimony of his colleagues and the law experts, Warren has been a' resound^, ing success as Chief .Justice. .But many will feel regret if he;never reaches the. While House, for4hey see Him as a man in whom integrity, high ideals and practical political mastery are remarkably blended. He is the living proof that'some of our best qualified men do not gain the presidency. . . • , . LIVE THEATER audiences give Joan almost as big a 'shudder as the unseen video watchers. But she.gets around (his frightening situation by, making a surprise entrance from .the rear of Ihe theater and waltzing down the aisle chatting and shaking, hands with the audience.; .' ; ^;'y;.v-v--, "Sometimes," Joan admitted, "I get ..the feeling that-', 1 people just- dare 1 you to be good, but if 1'gct 1 - tb know them lirst—and'l feel I can if I walk through the audience, —then I think 1 have half a chance of making a good impression.. "During that walk down (he aisle," she explained, "they've become my . friends, not my enemies." . JOAN, ON TOUR, is somewhat like'a Kansas cyclone. . • "I get iip at six," she said, "have my first appointment at eight, us- ually'along.with breakfast. I have' to make five or six clothes changes : a day so I won't be .photographed,. wearing the same, suit with the same people. .'. . • •".Then," she added, "I make _ about 20 tape recordings daily for disc jockeys arid general 'radio broadcasts; -attend press conferences, luncheons.and dinners, ' "Sometime, I fed ' like I'm running for public office with 'all the handshaking I.have to do." No—Joan :doesn't take vitamins. clared that .the ' government's monthly finan.cial''.-allotmerit has made .the Indians "lazy." .' ... - "It : has taken away their; incentive," she .'.explained. ."They used to do beautiful . bead • and leather work;":but -they,don't, do anything now .because .the. food stamps. Ihey get give them just enough tb eat and that's all they care about." V . .. •. • Kim described -her people as "sensitive and wonderful," and riot the ''bloodthirsty heathens" that they are often depicted .as being in motion pictures. • •" • "The Indians resent those .'wild west pictures-where they're always shown whooping it up around a covered wagon. They really have a beautiful philosophy and th°y 'don't trample one another to death trying to; fight their way up the ladder of success!" NEW YORK-Pebple 1 think of New York in .terms ;of.,soaring, buildings and shining (well rela lively shining) streets bustling with people'arid cars and noise and •excitement. It isn t all that way We even have cave's. 1 Some'of them in' Central Park! A notable caV'e. is backstage at the Metropolitan Opera Dark, huge, dusty, echoing, it has everything-but bats, arid for all I know it may: everi harbor .a bat or two. It's that'kind of place. ' . ; Prowling ..the're recently, i saw. a snapshot on the'Call Board,:with the words: "b. Wilson got.a hair- 'c'ul," sprawled .across it'in ink. The only b. Wilsbri'Whbse name meant anything. in. relation•:• to ' the Met was Dolores 'Wilson, a ridiculously •young arid amazingly good color'a- : ".ture. .'.-•-.". '. ';;".'. , '• ; '.-•'.'; ' ;, It;seemed to make sense to track .. Miss Wilson .down; ; off. season. ...After tracking ,her down, every-.thing feliXirito. place,.' her' youth, her'haircut and her roles.. . .;.-. ••••' MISS WILSON is a young woman . who early in her teens was offered the major singing, role Vith Phil i Spiialny's orchestra, arid was; about . to. take --it-, at a crisp i5, : ' when ' Lucrezia Bori heard her sirig at' a party and.told the child that whatever: else'.-she did she must sirig for opera; Miss : Wilson: thought Miss : Bori "ought lo. know, so she notified Spitalny she-.was-quitting show business; .... ... .••• "To do what?" cried .'Spitalny, ' obviously riot'-at all .warm • about the whims' of a 15-year-bld.' ; " , • • ."Opera./You'll see," she said..; Spitalny might have .snickered, but he didn't. He simply'shook her hand and wished her jvell, and for 'three years she ..'studied opera, fencing, dancing, : languages'-and .acting and at a haggard 18, looking something like a new"rose, she took: herself .off to Italy to: conquer the citadel of opera. Did.il, too. decided ihat an 18-year-old American girl who looked all of is wouldn t even make the chorus of grand opera in Italy So she bunched up her hah, wrapped it into a chignon and looking 10 years older,, battered at opera. It w.ash't hard. They heard her—and'hired her. ..." NOW, AVilY would a'nice, young American girl with a voice go to Italy when the Met was right here in New : York? Because ...the Met would not hear her, even in audition. She-was J' coloratura,; they had all the coloraturas they needed, why waste their .time and hers? .On the way to Italy, in a ship she itook 'a good.look at. herself, arid IN FOUR YEAR'S, when she was " pushing .'the ripe pld'age of 22, she .got:a message from.the Mel. Now .they needed ,'.*' ypiirig coloratura. .They.offered a.contract',- she took ; She':ciime back and got inlo-re- hearsals for- a succession of roles' • and left her hair the;way it,was 'untilj.at lunclv.orie day, she heard :a:colleague say: .'.'She looks-so settled, but' then, of ; course, she's o|d enough to-be settled." :-•';'At 22? She took her lonj,, smooth ;• hair, lo a hair-cutter and said, "Turn ; me 1 -into a gamine." He : took shears arid snipped;away all but two-br three ; inches'of it,'-made -it;; look ragged arid carefree in front, casual 'on the side'..:fhe thud, -on'the floor,was not hair, it was 10 years off:her appearance., .SHE'S BEEN;there three; years, now arid- he'r-'schetlule of 'roles for ..the coming'season may give you a hint bf-.this'J5-year-old opera star's importance al (he .Met: Susanna . in."Marriage of Figaro," Lucia in. "Lucia di. Lammermoor," Norina- ih "Don Pasquale," QUeeri of the Night -in ;"The/ Magic ..Flute,": .Olympiad in "Tales 'of Hoffman." ..Cilda iniVRigolcttb,"'Adele iri "DieL ; Fledermaus,",-: Sophie in "tier Rosenkavaiier," . and. Oskar in ""The-Masked Ball:'.:' .'•'•': ';: Which: just about .puts' all the !.coloratura parts in her; care. '. •'. ':• '"RESIGNING^yourselfao.a situation 'can make ~:. you. : a. -'dead pigeon," .she said.th'e'.oth'er evening. -.' "It's about: time ;we females . understood thl.v: I .used:.long hair, .and a severe look: to get:me into Italian opera and'kept, the: critics froni; suggesting'. I go back to boarding'school, and I used short h'air. to.prove to fellow singers I .wasn't.a . . . well,..a? long hair." -. You see what-kind/of things a man can learn by going, into.a musty old Manhattan cave called backstage at Ihe Met? . •(McNatisU Symllcme. Inc.) Frederick Othnian An Ex-Juror Favors Mikes Post Office Pamphlets IN ORDER TO SAVE trouble'for itself and for its patrons the Post Office Department has issued a pamphlet on the wrapping and packing of Christmas presents for mailing. Another pamphlet, previously issued, explains rates and answers questions on rates, fees, special services and protection of parcels in transit. '.We have all had the experience of receiving a Christmas gift in a package that arrives in shreds. Sometimes the gift is unbroken and sometimes it isn't. In either case a 'flittle more attention on the part of the •sender could have assured its. arrival in 'top condition. Both the Post Office Department pamphlets can be obtained free. When you start lo think about mailing Christmas packages this year why not begin by getting these pamphlets and - reading 'them carefully? Follow the in. siructions. The extra few minutes time •you spend may save disappointment. Wrapping your packages properly will also make work easier for the people in the post office who must handle it during their busiest time of the year.'; • IP THE audiences across the country give the celebrated acrless a bad time, it won't be her fault. She'll have all the trimmings—just like the Queen of England departing on a 'round-the-world lour. Her retinue include a hair dresser, wnrdrobe woman, secretary and publicity agent (an all girl team), plus 50 pairs of shoes. 97 gowns, 12 suits and 10 fur pieces and a palch of jewelry. KIM. WINONA, the beautiful Indian girl who stars in CBS-TV's new '.'Brave.Eagle" series, blames - the American government for con-, tiriucd "common law" marriages among her/people. ' Kim', granddaughter of a Sioux . princess, complained . that many Indians don't get "married" al all since the government outlawed their ancient wedding rites. "They had a beautiful rilual," Kim' said, "but my people were told their ways were pagan and stupid and yours ways were better. "What nobobdy seems to urtder- sland," she added, "is that your ways sometimes seem just 1 as pagan to us." Now, Kim says, the Indians just go "and live with one another" without benefit of clergy—and without benefit of tribal hocus- pocus. THE 22-YEAR-OLD actress, who left the Sioux reservation in South Dakola when she was 16, also de- KIM ADMITTED she personally had qulle a lime trying to adjust herself to fast-paced • Hollywood. "But," she' said, "I am .pretty ^free-thinking and I've broken with .most of the traditions of my people." , She admitted,' though, thai she still suffers from one of Ihe red- man's greatest maladies—superstition.' . '"I still believe''in_ using love charms to keep • your, husband," she laughed. ' : The raven-haired glamour gal has- been married four years to Harvey Buck, who .is of Indian extraction. "Like 'all Indians," Kim 'said, "I don't believe in divorce. I think one husband' is as bad as the next. Once you have one you might as well stick with him!" "Besides," she added, "we never fight. You see, I'm Sioux and Harvey's grandmother was a Custer. I guess our forefathers settled the family differences some lime ago-during that Little Big Horn incident!" (International News Service) . WASHINGTON-My own Idea, is 1 that the professor who. put the microphones in the'jury box in Kansas had a good idea, if the jurors knew somebody was listen- '.ing in on-their, er, deliberations, vthey might do a little more deliber-. ; ating. .;; ; •'• '• Or at 'least stick to Ihe subject. I'm speaking as• an ex-juror arid well do I remember the case of Ihe motorist who bumped inlo the side of another car and sued Ihe driver. It didn!t take us jurors long lo decjde Ihe plaintiff was a bum. We gave him short shrift and by then it was 11 a.-m. ' • ' • The foreman was ready lo call the bailiff to tell. Ihe judge lhal we were ready with our verdict, when an old duffer, number 'eight in the : . jury box, said wait a minute. • like they were prepared lo sit for a' week, or even a year.,. Peter Edson White House, GOP Team, See Ike In Running Kenya In Transition ' "' VICTORY OVER- THE terrorist Mau Mau forces is signified by Britain's plan to withdraw 3,500 troops from Kenya leaving a skeleton force of 2,500 men and 3,000 native troops there. This reduction is being accompanied' by a gradual' re- .turn to-normal life. Authorities are conV. fidehl that the Mau Mau has been srhashV ed and survives only as a, few .bandit groups. The. causes that produced the 'terrorism must now be eliminated. A reform program, which includes a .multi~; ^racial government, rehabilitation of Mau " (v Mau prisoners, land improvements'and - -housing developments will have to be'im- plemcnted. This will not.be' easy. Many white settlers,'embittered by their, recent '*• -experiences, will oppose reform'while many natives will distrust it. Failure .to •' : carry out this program would strengthen ?.,, l .lhc scattered Mau Mau groups which still roam ihe .'^countryside. Failure. Would "~~ cause bitterness 'and''.hostility.'in. other /African countries which now look lo Kenya 'as >.n indication of what they can expect. The absence .of war docs not mean IM'I'' C!ICC ' The .loyally of illative tribesmen '/ mausl'sllll be won. This may.require more '•"'fortitude and patience than fighting « • ' '' '• • ' • WASHINGTON — (NEA)-McnV bers of the Eisenhower administration White-House .team and. the staff al' Republican' National Committee headquarters have not given up the idea .that the President will be a candidate for .re-election next year. • ''-.•''' They are resentful of. the many easy assumptions that Mr. Eisenhower is through as President. They point oul.lhal many of Ihese . predictions come from the two political extremes—Ihe left wing Democrats and the right wing lie- publicans. With what passes for a political straight face, Eisenhower Republican leaders in Washingtori are citing case after'case—like that of Secretary of Commerce Sinclair Weeks—in which big executives .have sustained heart attacks .-and resumed their strenuous positions wilhoul a trace of difference. The continuing belief of Rcpub- " lican insiders that Eisenhower will be'a second-term: candidate is not based on any confidential medical' reports that the "'resident's'health is betler lhan the official statements indicate. . Both the assistant to the President, Gov. Sherman Adams 'and Press Secretary James Hagcrty at Denver have given.assurances that .the medical condition bulletins ..have told everything and hidden nothing. . ' BUT THE FACT, that the-President's physicians have indicated he might be able''to. resume some' of his White House duties in January' has set in motion some staff planning. ' Congress convenes in' January. The first presidential responsibility ; the annual Slate of the.Union: message to Congress. The question is,whether Ihe President will be able ; lo deliver it in person. ... One plan that has been given preliminary consideration is for a short, inspirational message which Eisenhower could himself deliver. This could be followed by a series of-special messages giving details on next year's Eisenhower program, sent to Congress by messenger but not read by the President personally. .'•.;• " In any event, the President's ap-. pearance before Congress to deliver his State of the Union message would be symbolic of his return to full command and leadership of his party. This'may not be at the same pace the President has Iried to maintain in the past, with telephone calls from his staff even to the golf course for important decisions. WHAT ABOUT lunch,' he .said. Hold up the verdict a couple of hours and we'd eat free. So we had a fine wangle about that. Some of the jurors wanted to get out of there, even if they had to buy their own meal. • Others agreed with the elderly one; the stale owed us some food. The battle became heated and we finally took a ballol on whether we'd eat on the house. The free loaders won, seven to five, and the bailiff marched us around the corner to a restaurant where we ate ill style. _ ,' Then we tramped back lo court at two p. m., with our verdict in favor of the innocent one. WE FINALLY approached them with a formula. What.if we awarded the brakeman a sum equal to all the money he'd have earned the rest of his :-lifc. .If ,he-hadn't been maimed? The-ladies "did a little .multiplying and the sum was large. They agreed'. Then we men said we'd have to deduct the sum of his wages as a grade crossing'watchman, a job the railroad had offered Ihe brakeman for the rest of his life. The ladies by now weren't looking so grim. Again they agreed. We were about'to award the plaintiff $32,684, when one of Ihe feminine jurors gol lo thinking about the evidence. That man, she said, surely had been careless. The other lady said, yes, he had. Then the ladies got to wondering if maybe Ihey hadn't given him loo much money. So Ihe jury cut the award in half because he- was slupid. History From The Times files TEN YEARS AGO October 19, 1945 •' Floyd L. Williams, national organizer for Amvcls, to address orr ganizational rally of local posl. ,, Nearly 1,000' area coal miners remain away from work although .strike had been ordered ended by John'L. Lewis. .'•. , : •••".. , Local WAVE; Betty ;'V. 'Me-.. Grcevy, receives discharge from, service. .. ' y. . .:. '..'. TWENTY YEARS AGO .'••:'•"• October 19, .1915.'.'•':':•; ;^" •. 'a.- H: Kelly* 45, chief of; police ' Amcellc plan) of CelanesdCor- pofntion, found (lead of heart-at- laclt In office there, •'.' • . • '• :• Ivan kerns,'LalnK Avenue,'.wins- old [Iddlcru contest sponsored by Chosen'Friends Lodge 34. IOOF, Andrew Dick resigns as old ago pension Investigator for- Allcgnny Counly Welfare Board.' • THIRTY YEARS AGO . .: - October 19, 1925 -.".' '•': ••'" .'• John C.' Gay, 31, this city; killed . in fall from four-slrry building in Chicago. - ' • E. Blair Pancake, Frank 'V. Carpenter, Lloyd Rawlings 'and Albert C; Grant elected elders of 1 First Presbyterian Church. Martin T. Fallon,- McCoolc, '38; yeqr-old B40 brakeman,'killed in .fall from train near 'Newburg, •W. Va. .•":'. •'' ' ; ; : ,' • '' FORTY YEARS AGO •''>. October 19, 191$' \ Mr.', and Mrs. .Patrick Barry,. : pioneer', residents . of Lbnaconing,. . celebrate golden wedding nnnivcr-, Col.' George A. Pcarrc, former • representative of' the" Sixth 'Con : gresKlonnl District ,'• . admitted lo practice before U. S. Supreme Court, . •' ' . Second National Bank cclc-. bmlcs soih anniversary. EVER SIN.CE President Eisen-. hower'moved to the White House, he has directed.his 'staff towards, relieving him from many tradition- •' al and assumed burdens of.office. •• This easing of responsibilities is now being stepped up. ' • . 'No president .can ever.gct wholly 1 ! away from fiis.'job, even when flat on his.back from, a -'heart .ailment. So even with extra iong.weekends'-' at Gettysburg or the-delegation of. more .handshaking ceremonies'.to 1 the vice president, .there is no idea- that the President 1 can be relieved ;•' of. his Constitutional .'and legal dUlieS. - ,: ' '..';:, './.".''-.'.• :!' One other factor In. Ihe''situation .-. 'which has been misrepresented..^' •according lo some White;(House 1 ' staff • members^teethe -controversy • 'over Vice. Presidcnt''-nichijrd-.Mi;;.: Nix'on. They consider this:qUesllon- academic. • j. • .^'.',.\ : -vV ••'•'• ,V:,' ; '-'' .11 is pointed but (hat if President Elsenhower is a'candidite.fbr;;re;V : ; election,.he will have absolute;S»y- ' so on who his running mile ihail be,-- "• ;•'.;: \ :! :•'•'.**. -'-'s" :.-' THKRE IS SAID to be no nbaM- blllty that the President wlllrepud- !at« his .awn vice president, U : is ANOTHER time we listened to the sorry tale of the stupid brakeman who lost-a leg,''while hitching two freight cars together. He'd violated all/the rules of,the railroad and the accidenl obviously was his own fault, but he'd 1 sued for a fabulous sum. There were two. ladies on this jury. One said a leg was a leg and priceless. The- blhe'r ; said ; she agreed and if anybody'had plenty, of money, it was railroads. Look at the 'fares Ihey' charged. '. Oulrage-' bus, she said. The ten men in Ihe room kepi muttering about justice for all, .including railways,.*but the ladies were having none of lhal. They got so 1 angry finally' .(hat they sat by' themselves at .the.window, talking tb nobody. It looked 'to the gents deduced from this that Hie tickcl would be Eisenhower, and Nixon again, without,qtiestiori.'v .-'•,-.. ..Political :realists.'' think ;all-!ihe'-. foregoing -Is Very much iri'.'the. realm of wishful thjnking by .Eisen-: hower's .mosl devoted .enthusiasts.! They will regard some of it as ex-; trernely'; naive. -.••;•';; ; ;- ..-;..•• •-';;-.:' '.it ;is admitted by. thy Eisenhower stalwarts that.the.final decision lo run or not to run will.be made the: President', himself. • But; it; Is. pointed out that npt'eyen.he knows today what his decision will be next/ January'.: .'A.';, '''K"'^fj'':-:' ir ; : ': : ^ t There is, of cours« the possibility of-delayed recovery; or a second'; .attack that would'really.t«ke.the President" out ; o( the'i'ruhiiHiii';•;;. • T.In that /!eveht|f 'even; •'" the • most loyal 'Elsenhower,.men; recognize'.. be thrown- Into' the worst free-fbri' .11 (l«ht lt;!i(is ever h.d; And no ont c«n predict thit outcbm*. WHEN WE GOT into court with our verdict of $16,342 for. the brakeman, the judge said he'd accept it, bul he'd surely like lo know how we managed lo arrive al such, an exact sum. We didn't tell him. Now Congress is investigating the professor who put the bug in the Wichita jury room. You'd think he'd committed a horrid crime. I still believe, that if every jury room had a sign: "these deliberations being recorded," the dozen deep thinkers might be more inclined to.stick to business. • • - lUnitcrf Feature Syndicate, Inc.) Hog Problem RECOMMENDATIONS of Sec- 1 relary of Agriculture. Benson's swine advisory committee promise effective long-range help for hog farmers and processors. The ..group's advice offers less,- however, in the way of.bolstering the current price sag. . • •; . : : 'This 1 is Naturally a 'disappoint- 1 ' . menl to thousands of Midwest hog farmers, who-recently saw their prices drop to the lowest level in. several ..years. Many .oflthehi feel' that' the'. government ought. tb '• intervene at once with a program of hog-buying -or direct payments to boost-.farmers' incomes. •''••' ' The 'advisory commlltee. is op- 1 posed to any-extensive government ' hog-buying program. .'-.-• •;.: . :; .-It. suggested that -Benson'-• be . '• ready: to ; buy some hogs : if prices 'continue;. to -decline,' 'but. .only .- enough to'supply the needs of wel- .'.fare -and; school- lunch'.programs. : That;would absorb;a mere week's production: ^ and •-would - do litlle more'.tha'n'.stimulate'the market'.:, Thc.;.commHtec: leans; .inste»d| /inc'reaslng: consumption. • K AP Reporters Notebook By BRUCE HENDERSON (FtrUil Beyle) BUENOS AIHES-A battle royal for min'i minds is going on in Argentina f The outcome could decide whether this nation builds democracv from the ruins of shattered Peiomsm or reverts to dictatorship A press campaign is trying to persuade the working man slill fanatically.dedicated to:Jiian Perori that he can get along even better, without the fallen president—and: free besides. ,, _ .'" It is being conducted 1 by -the 1 proylsionsP •government set:up after rebe.Is:ousted''Pefon last month.' . • ' ./•"••'.•;;';*'-'.'..'*!.f,,', It's : an important propagahda job ahd.ii. loiigh one. .-.-• . .v. -.;;,-\'-..'.';•.•;•;,..'i-. 1 Without at least the/passive" cbop>ratibn-oj these peoples, achieving stability ;will- beJdif-. ficult... • .' - ; -/ '•...-. ;~,' : \.';:C'^:ff^::^' Peroh has a 10-year head start in': driilirig into.their minds the idea he'was. the'only one capable of leading them to the better life.-J; ..-..,' AUGENTINA'S Gcnerar ;CpnfederaiioH o| Labor claims' six million of the;country's-19. million citizens. The'-CGT was-Perbn's" big fist.-; .-.'.; - ; -'...-.":;- M! ; >iy'.-'; ; ;; .- In 1954 a daylong.strike: and demonstration by the'CGT forced a military'clique'.which had arrbted Pcron to free him. That shew of mass. • support hoisted Peron into the presidency., the , following year.'. . •.'/•] -. .'.•••, '.;>.;;;-. ^:Jf-^'~]. -.--••' How many of.theCGT's'claime'dsix'milllbn are slill avid. followers:of- the ; exiiei|. Perbh-ii questionable, 1 ; but surely the figure its ,high;r: ; ; Unless taught something other : thah :! '.;iPer- -onismo," they could be ~a cbritsaht : -threat:-to (ranquility. ' : '' " '' '• .; "* '- : '.'".'••'. ", .The government of Maj. Gen.- Euardo.Lon- ardi is.trying to show, the Peronistas,the.dif- ference between labor unions free to. chart;their. own : . course and. those .•dominated.-.by^V-'goy- ;ernriient. ;..,'• •' • •/' .'--f^:-^'^:. : -:'r- . '• •:'• ' 'It is also trying lo get across the meaning '..of. "hard money."" -;.'.y.-.':'.'•>•.. A;/.v- y --2:.'A; '.'• . Newspapers/under tempbrary-'direction o( the provisional authorities .carry .editorials on. these subjects almost daily..- _•-.; '-•' "..:.;;:-. '''^'TYPICAL WERE TWO-'editbriali: on|lh« same page of "La Epoca-', one.day lasV.week. , One,, aimed at CGT-affiliated unions;>»hich will elect new officers.soon'.under.government supervision, said: t • .."•. ;';.- J-. 1 ;.;!, :-'•:'.' ..':' '.'An effective union dembcracy is the.task of.the hour." .. • :•' -••'' : :.''.v;... •'•-.., The second editorial, entitled'"Salary;and Jfoney," carried fonvard the.'conicnlipn o! Peron's opponents lhat salary raises:he gave the workers were quickly gobbled > upi by inflation. .. .:. •;.'.:. "The people work and for their work receive a salary.in pesos made of paper." it said. "Pesos have value because they;represent the nation's wealth. Governments spend and spend. - When their money -is gone, instead ot reducing the spending, Ihey'print pesos, which is easier. . . ..-.:• . "Paper cosls litlle and is printed.rapidly. What happens then? ..•.—: ' "If more'pesos are printed but-no. wealth is developed, each peso is worth less wealth. The salaries, then, are not enough: One musl augment them, because prices go up." In Argentina such thoughts have not been brought up publicly for a long lime. A .: (Aiioctaled Prcjo . . , - ' ™ , Janie.s Mnrloif ^^_—^-^——— Til6 Woi'l(l T WASHINGTON-John David Provoo, once found guilty of treason and sentenced to life imprisonment, has beaten-the rap because the government outsmarted itseH and kept him in custody loo long before trying him. ... A Supreme Court decision'-left him free of the charges. The government reportedly spent.one.mil- lion dollars trying to convict him. . One government lawyer said this was the most important treason case since Aaron Burr's. Provoo's slory is strange. So is the government's handling of him. He was among those Americans captured by Che Japanese at Corregidor. Right there, the government argued years later, Provoo became a turncoat by posing as a Buddhist priest and offering lo help the Japanese. He was in a Japanese prison camp until the war ended in i945 but then the Army held him a prisoner for seven months while it investigated him. Nevertheless, it honorably discharged him August 17, 1946. HE RE-ENLISTED 18 days later. But in 1949- the Army again held him as a prisoner in the : stockade at Fort Meadc, Md., awaiting courtmartial on a charge of homosexuality. Then on September 1, J949, the Army transferred him to Korl Jay, N. Y., and the next day dishonorably discharged him. .Immediately'the ..Justice Dcparlment had the FBI arrest him on a treason charge; He was indicted on that 1 charge by. a federal grand jury in New York on November 19,1949. But the government'kepi'him prisoner three years before bringing him lo trial.in October 1952. ;Some of his American fellow prisoners testified he had been kind. Some said he 1 had been a vicious bully, arid Japanese collaborator. • The.defense-argued that Provoo had used his knowledge of Japanese to ease the lot of fellow.prisoners'"and to this end might have curried, favor with his captors. ' 1 .'Any propaganda help that'hY.mi'ghl have given the Japanese was defended as forced under pain ofipunishm'ent or even death. ;.' program!; of:,merchandising'' arid •••promotion:•••;•.''(;- ••;' '.-,'•'.:..',., '.',' ';:•• -.V, It i; suggested '•'•' ihit : -;-. efforts ' ''be' made to sell''more'/pork 'and lard ». abroad.-,It would Jaik farmers : to •; martet., >'thelr;; hogs >t> • lighter. welghti,'to;reduce' tonnage going ,''.to;the-.siockyards."- 1 ,-,•;•' ';''.: ••-.•;.*" f i ,,' -]•, .This/advice,. If'acted'upon vigor- Vbusly,'.willfhelp.: .%£•many 'hog ,farmers'itm'hbpei'fbr-sbme action , lh»t wlll'etse clirrent' pressure ori Ihem.'Th^Depiriment'of'/ ' ' >ture h«« «n obllMtlon to the Much for, remedies, Japanese with propag'a'ndrbroadMsls and-be' ing partly.responsible for.the execution of an '.•American Army captain, .Burton C. Thompson .by-informing on .'him-to"-the Japanese. The .judge gave Provoo> life sentence. '•'.?.•••• •:. ' ..,V PRQVOO'S. court;appointed lawyers .fought : the, gullly verdict 'and won; '.'•'• ' >' -.'' . - ': .. .. .; On i.August,27.., 1954; a .federal"appellate ••court m New ovefturhe'd the verdict by rulin'A .Provoo-should have bccn ; tried for-treason.iiP Maryland, where he had been in the'Army, in- .stead of in New York. ,.....•. •."-. 1 i; ; .'-'.:.;,/ . .: '••:; But; Ihe'Justice bcparUnini wasn't -ready ; lo throw, in the sponge on Provoo;"; lt"'had him '• y ci ™ ld ™- for 'fcasbn by'a federal-'grand jury • in Maryland, HR was to have been : brought lo •••;trial last March 14, •; - ••- •:" y, •„•.;(";,-,- •".-. Before .trial, could bcglriiliis liwycrs argu- ,, T J:. Provoo's conslintuliohat.rlght.nhad.been /violated by the government i.ti holding 1 him' so '•• •:;lonKj before, bringing .him' to.' trill, •'•.!»• there .••••should be,no.trial.- ,.,,•')/.;'-..;•'!•";•.•-'A•.* l \-v i ,.; ;,• • , • ••.-" - • ™iraii a amn. Amenameni pro- ,;mises,every accused.person the''right\to-'.»-."' ; speedy and.ptibllc trial.'! The feder»i. ; judge, _ RoszelC, Thbrnsch, agreed atid ordered,Provoo • <•' k T ' lc ;'i lstl ^ tic P» r lnioni;«ppeai'ed'to; Ihe Supreme Court lo reverse JuSge Thom»n *ml • OrdCt".ProVOO 'to li*iAl' ! '' 'Mnn.4*u 'If-- '' *--'-*•-—•Court upheld I 1 -'™' y '
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