THE SALINA JOURNAL NATION FRIDAY, MAY 2, 1997 AE V OKLAHOMA CITY BOMBING McVeigh went on search for bomb materials Parade of witnesses shows how McVeigh searched nationwide for fuel, detonator By MICHAEL FLEEMAN The Associated Press DENVER — Prosecutors packed 13 witnesses into one day Thursday to show that Timothy McVeigh went on a nationwide search for bomb materials — from a detonator to rocket fuel — in the months before the Oklahoma City blast. The parade of witnesses included a publishing house executive who said McVeigh bought an instruction manual for homemade bombs, and a former arms dealer who said McVeigh was so eager for a detonator he was willing to drive thou- sands of miles to get it. "He needed it bad," said former arms dealer Greg Pfaff, recalling a phone call from McVeigh that came six months before the April 19,1995, bombing that killed 168 people and injured hundreds. Oklahoma Pfaff was amon g ._.••- SJA* several witnesses contacted by a man prosecutors say was McVeigh inquiring about bomb ingredients in fall of 1994. None of them actually sold McVeigh anything. The timing is important because this is the same period McVeigh pur- portedly told Lori Fortier of his plans to blow up the Oklahoma City federal building to avenge the government siege at Waco, Texas. Other witnesses were called to establish McVeigh's alleged hateful motivations for the bombing, to place McVeigh in Kansas where some of the bomb plans were carried out and to establish the aliases used by McVeigh. With each witness, McVeigh's expression has become increasingly grim, showing little of the broad smile he flashed early in the trial. The 29- year-old Gulf War veteran could get the death penalty if convicted of murder and conspiracy in the deadliest act of terrorism on U.S. soil. Pfaff recalled how McVeigh, calling from Arizona, said he would personally pick up a detonator from Pfaff, who had mostly given up the arms business and was running a deli in Harrisonburg. Va. Pfaff told McVeigh that it seemed like a long drive. "He said it didn't matter," said Pfaff, who was never able to produce the detonation cord. David Darlak, a high school friend from upstate New York, testified he hadn't heard from McVeigh in two years when he got a call from him in 1994 asking where he could buy some racing fuel. Darlak said he didn't know, and asked McVeigh why he needed it. Darlak didn't elaborate on McVeigh's response. Prosecutors say nitromethane fuel, often used in drag racing, was mixed with ammonium nitrate fertilizer to make the truck bomb. The rocket fuel, anhydrous hydrazine, can also be mixed with the fertilizer. Another witness, racing fuel salesman Glynn Tipton, recalled that a man he was "90 percent" certain was McVeigh approached him October 1994 about buying rocket and racing fuels. T DOG ATTACKS Controls on dogs urged CDC physician: 'Something should be done,' to stop dog bites By JEAN BUCHANAN and DIANE CARROLL Kansas City Star KANSAS CITY, Mo. — Every year, dogs bite 4.5 million people in the United States, and 800,000 times the bite is serious enough to require medical attention. "This is an epidemic," said Jeffrey J. Sacks, a physician who has studied dog bites for the National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, a division of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta. "When someone is winding up in a doctor's office every minute, something should be done." Although many people assume the dog bites are the result of unavoidable situations or "random a|ts of fate," Sacks contends that most are preventable. Society is doing a poor job of dealing with the 52 million dogs living in its midst, he said. Dog attacks have proliferated in the Midwest in the last week: Three Rottweilers killed an 11- year-old Milford, Kan., boy last Thursday at his school bus stop. The same day, two pit bulls killed a 4-year-old Lamar, Mo., boy as he played in a yard. A 3-year-old Rich Hill, Mo., boy was critically injured Monday when a chow attacked him after the boy went into a neighbor's fenced kennel. A 5-year-old Liberty, Mo., boy underwent two hours of surgery Tuesday after he was attacked in his yard by a dog, part Akita and part Labrador retriever. • "These bites rarely come out of the blue," Sacks said. Referring to niunicipalities that don't take ac- ttpn against dogs until second reported bites, he said, "Instead of allowing dogs free bites before any action-is taken, I think there should tj£ aggressive legislation to deal With, these problems up front." • The failure to deal strictly with reports of dogs running loose, as they were in the Milford and Liberty cases, is akin to leaving guns lying in the street and not worrying about them until someone is sjiot, Sacks said. • "Are they waiting for them to bite someone?" he asked. "When dogs rim at large like that, it is a problem waiting to happen, particularly When they run in groups. They develop a pack mentality, and they attack the smallest animals." Children are more likely to be the victims of dog attacks and are more likely to die from attacks and to have more serious injuries, Sacks said. Among the reasons: Their judgment is not as good as adults' in terms of how to behave around a dbg. They might run from a dog When they're scared, which pro- vpkes predatory behavior. They are more likely to be level with a dog's head, which results in bites to .the face or head. Dogs don't view children as dominant and may attack them for "insubordinate behavior." And children are le.ss able to fend off a dog attack. "Most attacks come from pets, Sacks said. Because a third of the nation's households have a dog, children must be educated about how to act around the animals, he said. Even a young child can learn to stand still or lie quietly. A national safety campaign advises chil- d.ren to be a tree or a log. The dog often will lose interest, Sacks said. '•Children should be supervised at all times when they are around dogs, said Kathy Gaughan, a veterinarian at Kansas State University with an interest in animal behavior. The bigger the dog, the longer parents need to supervise their children with it, Gaughan said. 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