Ironwood Daily Globe from Ironwood, Michigan on May 15, 1965 · Page 4
Get access to this page with a Free Trial

Ironwood Daily Globe from Ironwood, Michigan · Page 4

Ironwood, Michigan
Issue Date:
Saturday, May 15, 1965
Page 4
Start Free Trial

PS* PUUK IRONWOOD DAILY GLOBE, IRONWOOD, MICHIGAN SATURDAY, MAY 15,1965. IRONWOOD DAILY GLOBE • "The Daily Globe is an independent newspaper, supporting what It believe* to be right and opposing what it believes to be wrong, regardless of party politics, and publishing the news fairly and impartially." -Linwood I. Noyes, Editor and Publishe. 1927-1964. Mrs. Linwood I. Noyes, President Edwin J. Johnson, Editor and Publisher Straight From the Old Crankcase On the cvc of renewed House, Ways and Means Committee hearings on excise taxes, hard facts arc- elusi\e. Indications are tiial the administration now wants something smaller than the $1.73 billion estimated slash alter thr Johnson-Dillon conference in Texas last November. Indications are that once the can ol feels' is opened, Congress \\ill want a great deal more. For example, a repeal ol the JO percent mnmilacturers" excise lax on new passenger cars now being urged bv the industry would just about double President Johnson's proposed reduction. The deadline for action is July 1. Some excise taxes will be repealed and others will be reduced. At any rate, the okcving will be infinite, and the infighting instructive. Take what might be called the Crankcase Caper. The petroleum re-refining induslrv literally makes its living irom crankcase wastes. It collects waste oil from service stations and renders it reusable by refining it again. This industry produced '100 million quarts of reprocessed lubricating oil last year. Oil never wears out. It either burns or gets dirty. So crankcase drainings "laundered," are sold to railroads, bus and (ruck lines, airlines, and the U.S. Air Force. Marine and industrial oils also are produced. There are about 68 of these small re-refiners. The Association of Petroleum He-refiners, the. industry trade organixation. claims that tin's reworked oil is as good as or better than oils produced from virgin crude. But automobile owners, from habit or the influence ot .advertising, overwhelmingly stick with the standard brands. Big users sec the advantage of even a 6e a gallon differential. And this small industry is able to exist because it is exempted from the 6e per gallon tax levied on ordinary lubricating oil. This is paid on the new oil and is reflected in the price the motorist pays at the service station. So far as the government is concerned, the revenues are insignificant—$77 million to $80 million a year. The trade association argues that if the tax on new lubricating oil comes off. many re-refiners will go out of business and the remainder will have to charge for picking up the black crankcase slime from service stations. The consumer probably will get no price relief, and the service station will pass along to him the pickup charge. The industry has another arrow to its bow. Waste oil is one of the most dangerous potential pollutants of both land and water. Ee- refining, the argument goes, keeps from our waters, sewage plants, and incinerators today HII increasing supply—say, 600 million quarts a year—of crankcase drainings. Without re-refining, this oil could only be burned—raising a smog problem—or shipped far out to sea. So the industry claims it is actually performing a service. There is no disposition here to comment on the merits of the argument. There does seem to be something disingenuous about re-refiners arguing that the tax should be kept on new lubricating oil because without it they, the re-refiners, would go out of business and they, the re-refiners conserve the valuable natural resource, oil. The only thing as inevitable as death and taxes is controversy over the latter. New Watchdog Is Put to Work The decision of the Organization of American Slates to send an inter-American peacekeeping force to the Dominican Republic is a long step toward building that organization irto something more than a debating society. Although five of the largest nations—Chile, Ecuador, Mexico, Peru and Uruguay—voted against the proposal and Venezuela abstained, and although it is more an emergency prescription against the symptoms than the causes of the political sickness racking the Dominican Republic, it sets a far-reaching precedent. If the United States can no longer employ the gunboat diplomacy of the 19th century and act as the hemisphere's policeman, as our sister republics repeatedly tell us, then the only alternative is for them to accept the I act that the responsibility for what goes on in the hemisphere belongs to all of them. The vote in the OAS on the Dominican question shows that 14 of the 20 member states realize this. At the least, the inter-American police force will hold a lid on the bloodshed in the Dominican Republic and allow the United States to withdraw its troops, or some of them, to where they will be safe, from snipers—both those who fire bullets and those who .issue white papers. But it is to be hoped that the peacekeeping force will accomplish much more than the least—that it will give the democratic process another chance in the Dominican Republic so that its people may eventually establish a stable, free and progressive government of their own choosing. Whisker Hazard in Space Build a better electric shaver and National Aeronautics and Space Administration will beat a path to your door. For lack of one suitable for in-orbit shav-- ing, America's next two Gemini astronauts, James A. MeDivitt and Edward II. White II, will return to earth sporting four-day growths of face fur. Primary requirement for an astronaut's shaver is a built-in vacuum to keep loose whiskers from floating around the cabin in the weightlessness of space, fouling up instruments and, worse, breathing. There are also other considerations, such as the reaction of metals to the high oxygen content of a space capsule's atmosphere ''The Congo of the Caribbean" (Copyright 1985, King Features Syndicate. Inc.I By John Chamberlain If I were a statesman looking for a meaningful opinion about what goes on in the Dominican Republic, I would ask Peter Nehem- kis, a Washington hwyer who has had an extensive experience in Latin America, to speak up. The reason is that Mr. Nehemkis is a nice combination <>t idealist, skeptic, and indefatigable fact-grubber who stands above the factions. He was a member of the group of professors and businessmen who, just prior to the election of' President Kennedy, prepared a momentous report suggesting a Latin American alliance for progress. In 1962 he visited the Dominican Republic as a member of the OAS observation mission that was charged with watching the polling that resulted in the victory of Juan Bosch. He liked Bosch then, but he remembers thinking Bosch's promises were too big. In between trips to South America for the Whirlpool Corporation, Mr. Nehemkis made other stops in Santo Domingo. Bosch's performance as the first freely elected president of the inland country left him cold. The man seemed afflicted with hubris, which is the classsical Greek word for what Mr. Nehem- kis calls "the insolence of irreverence." Bosdh offended most of the important people, who had supported his election. The names -of some of these people have been prominent in the recent dispatches from Santo Domjngo, One of them was General Antonio Jmbert Barreras, the sole surviving member of the. group of seven who ambushed the dictator iTmjillo and killed him. Another was Peruvian-trained Captain — later General — Flias Y Wessin, a young and scrupulously patriotic air force officer who, on one occassion, had saved the day for the council of state that was sef"up early in 1962 to arrange for the election that Bosch later won with sixty per cent of the vote. Nehemkis joins with an ex-Stale Department official, Paul Bethel head of the Citizens Committee For A Free Cuba, in thinking that Bosch got what was coming to him when his "resignation" as president, offered in a moment of pique in an unsuccessful attempt to get rid of Wessin Y Wessin, was accepted spmewhat irregularly by a general nnd a .civilian member of the government. This ""lesijjuaUon" has never been reported cw \ by Nehemkis in a book published last fall. } Bosch had tried to create a personal militia answerable to himself alone. He had attempted to gather all the workers of the Dominican Republic into a state-bossed labor union. He had driven many good men from government, but (lie "soft on communism" people remained.' Finally, he had tried to start a war with Haiti on the flimsiest of pretexts in order to divert attention from his country's domestic difficulties. What followed after Bosch's "resignation," which admittedly he did not sincerely mean, was pure tragedy. Donald Reid Cabral, the head of the junta that took over after Bosch's exile, was in Peter Nehemkis's words, "a decent, incorruptible human being, the last best hope for the Dominican Republic." Reid tried to put the country on an austerity program, which annoyed the businesssmen. He tried to purge the army of corruption. But it all became too much for him. Nobody seemed willing to work. Last year Peter Nehemkis, in his book about Latin America, remarked that "In the world of mythology Dr. Juan Bosch is a martyr, sacrificed on the altar of democracy. But in the world of reality, his failure as a democratic leader handed Castro a bloodless victory." The danger is that too many in Washington are still willing to accept Bosch's martyrdom for real. As for Castro's "bloodless victory," only the quick dispatch of the marines to Santo Domingo by President Lyndon Johnson has prevented the Cuban tyrant from cashing in on it. But the Dominican Republic, says Mr. Ne- hemkis, is fated to become "the Congo of the Caribbean." "There are no tools for twentieth century rule in the whole country," he says. "Caamano, the rebel chief, is a typical product of Trujillo decadence. He is a butcher who wiped out a whole village, as you will read in Bosch's own book. The only tradition in the Republic is conspiracy Bosch himself set this last conspiracy in motion; he couldn't wait until September for an election." Looks as though the U.S. Marines and the OAS arc fated to remain in Santo Domingo for a long time. That is, unless the Congo ill the Caribbeuu is Lu.Ioii Lo Castro. The Lofty View Today in World Affairs By DAVID LAWRENCE 1 WASHINGTON — The United' States has at last labelled Communist China as an enemy of mankind. President Johnson came out openly this week with a declaration of this country's unswerving intention to prevent Communist China from taking over the continent of Asia and its neighboring islands. "Communist China," said the president, "apparently desires the war to continue, whatever the cost of their allies (in North Vietnam). Their target is not merely South Vietnam —it is Asia. Their objective is not the fulfillment of Vietnamese nationalism—it is to erode and to discredit America's ability ' to help prevent Chinese domination over all of Asia. In this domination they shall never succeed."! Mr. Johnson declared that, while America is demonstrating, that force will meet force, he believes "armed conquest is futile and that aggression is not only, wrong but it just will not work." President Johnson was careful not to give the impression that the United States is concerned solely with military operations in Vietnam. He stat e d unequivocally that the U n i t e d States it ready for "unconditional discussions." He reiterated that it is cearly to the interest of North Vietnam to come to the conference table, since North Vietnam, an ally of Communist China, is being severely damaged. •& o •& But, while the president spoke' of America's "unlimiated patience" and "unlimited re-! sources" in "pursuit of an unwavering purpose" and repeated that America will not abandon its commitment to South Vietnam, there is another phase of the problem which he emphasized—the opportunity for economic aid to all the peoples of Asia. Mr. Johnson said, for instance, that "it is not enough to just fight against something —people must fight for s o ir. e- thing." The president's speech was addressed to the people of North Vietnam as well as the Communist Chinese. He spoke sympathetically of restless peo p 1 e whose desire is to improve their own well-being and said that it is this, and not "lust for conquest, which moves many of the individual fighting men that we must now sadly call the enemy." He added: 'It is, therefore, our task to show that freedom from the! control of other nations offers the surest road to progr ess, that history and experience tes- tiy to this truth." The president pointed out that' the whole world today in in-' ter-related and that "those who' live in the emerging communi-( ty of nations will ignore the per-' ils of their neighbor at the risk of their own prospects." He said that this is true not only for Vietnam but "for every part of the developing world" and that this is why he recently pro-i posed a "massive co-operative i development effort for all of Southeast Asia" and now is prepared to support an Asian development bank "to carry out and help finance the economic progress in that area of the world." Mr. Johnson called on every industrialized nation, includi n g the Soviet Union, "to help create a better life for all of the people of Southeast Asia." The United States has already spent more than $2 billion for' economic Jiejp. to me A6 people of South Vietnam, and this spending has been concentrated on food, health, education, housing and industry. South Vietnam's agricultural development has been greatly aid e d since 1954, while a fight has been waged continuously against disease and illiteracy. But progress has been impaired by Communist terroris t s who have been burning agricultural stations and medical centers. The Communists evidently fear that these very facilities provided to the people of South Vietnam by the United States will bring supporters to the cause of freedom and in- pendence. ft ft * The president's speech was a remarkable exposition of how economic projects can help an underdeveloped country. Words like these need to be distributed by every means of commu- nication, not only to the people of Vietnam but to the people of the whole Asian continent. For the image of the United States portrayed by the Russian and Chinese Communists is one of a so-called "aggressor," when the truth is that America is virtually alone in her humanitarian as well as military efforts to protect the people of Southeast Asia against Communist invasions. Not since the Marshall Plan was first proclaimed as such a significant step been taken as that which president Johnson announced this week when he promised a similar progr a m for all of Asia. The presid ent's speech makes it clear that armed force is not the only weapon in the struggle to win supporters for the cause of liberty and United States, by its latest expression, reveals its deliberate purpose to rise above totalitarian governments in a studied effort to reach the masses of people in the Communist countries. (Copyright, 1965, New York Herald Tribune Inc.). The International Whirligig By ANDREW TULLY WASHINGTON — That gaggle of expense-account party boys known as the Organization of American States deserves no pat on the back for its belated action In the Dominican crisis. In its 76th year, the OAS fina 11 y has come up with an excuse for its existence. For long decades, the United States has pressed the membership to come up with a formula for dealing with incidents of this sort, where revolutionary chaos provides the opportunity for seizure of a government by a dictatorship from either the right or the left. But the OAS went its cocktail-and-cotillion way, its member-states obviously fearful that any machinery for joint action would boomerang agai n st the South American practice of government by military junta. If there is nothing in the OAS Charter of 1948 providing for United States intervention in such crises, there also is no fine print permitting OAS action. Article 15 was aimed at preventing U. S. Intervention, but by leaving it at that the artlc 1 e says in effect that the OAS is powerless to keep the peace. <r <r a OPPORTUNITY FOR ACTION —Hopefully, the OAS will repair the damage in the Dominican Republic. Its action has given the organization at least a hint of respectability. But as Vice President Humphrey has said, it is time the OAS discarded its dressing gown of aloofness" and came up with a solution for the hemisphere's problems, now made more serious by the Communist revolutionary movements exported by Cuba's Fidel Castro. The action in the Dominican Republic is at best an extra-legal stopgap measure. If a similar crisis should develop tomorrow in Haiti or Bolivia, the OAS st i 11 would not have any statutory right to go in and clean up the mess. Happily for the peace of the hemisphere, President Johnson has reaffirmed President Kennedy's pledge to meet such crises with unilateral action if necessary. In April, 1961, Kennedy told the nation's newspapers editors in convention here that "if the nations of this hemisphere should fail to meet their c o m- mitments against outside Communist penetration—then I want it clearly understood that this government will not hesitate in meeting its primary obligations which are to the security of our own nation." a ft * WE MUST SHOULDER RESPONSIBILITY—AS In the Dominican mess, such unilateral action does not make the U. S. popular with its neighbors. American intervention in the event of another Cuban revolution— would in Humphrey's words— bring the usual charges of "a premed i t a t e d Imperialist 1 c plot." But we would have to act because the OAS insists on its own weakness. This is not the time for the OAS to stand on whatever laurels it may win in Santo Domingo. It may be making history of a sort, but it is still not set up to deal swiftly with emergencies. What it needs more than another groaning buffet is peace-keeping machinery backed by military strength which would permit it to go into any country and put down any attempt by an external force aimed at establishing any brand of totalitarian government. President Johnson sent troops to Santo Domingo because the OAS has no such peace-keep! n g machinery, and because he couldn't wait for its membership to wake up from its nap. Stamp News The Washington Scene By BRUCE BIOSSAT WASHINGTON — (NEA) — President Johnson evidently is confident he acted wisely in throwing America's power into the Dominican crisis. Yet he is said to be somewhat restless over the problem. Some high level aides cautioned the President that, once we become enmeshed in the Dominican Republic's affairs, it might be extremely difficult to extricate ourselves. The question of "next steps" struck these aides as a very cloudy business. According to reports, it is this aspect of the matter that has unsettled Johnson a little. A comment from one source: "He doesn't like to be associated with anything that isn't going to turn out completely right." The new crisis appears to have come along just as the President was beginning to take in better stride the buffeti ng s from his other foreign dilemma —Viet Nam. Answering his helpers were capturing more attention for his side of the story. ft ft ft Having been chided for too much secrecy over Viet Nam, he went the other way in the Dominican affair. In one official's view, this represents an "overresponsiveness to c r i t i • cism" which in some circ u instances could adversely affect the President's policy making. However this might be, there does not seem much point in dwelling endlessly on Johnson's sensitivity to attack. As one old friend puts it: "Let's face it. He's always Ironwood Daily Globe Published evenings, except Sunday* oy Globe Publishing Company, 118 E McLeod Ave., Ironwood, Michigan Established Nov. 20, 1919. I Iron wood News-Record acquired April 16 1931; Ironwood Times acquired May 93, 1946.1 Second class postage paid at Iron- vooci, Michigan. MEMREB or THE ASSOCIATED . PBES8 ' " The Associated Press la entitled exclusively to the me for replication of all the local new* printed In this newspaper. a« wall aa all AP news dls- oatches. . Member of American Newspaper Publishers Association, Interamtrican Press Association, Inland Daily Press Association. Bureau ol Advertising, Michigan Press Association. Audit Bureau of Circulation*. Subscription rates: By mall within a radius of 60 miles—per year, 10; sis months, 15; three months, 13} on* month, SI .60. No mall subscriptions sold to towns and locations where carrier service Is maintained. Elsewhere—per year, SIB; one month. SI 50. All mall subscriptions payable In advance. By carrier, $20.80 per year in advance; by Ui« »'•«•» 40 ••ntav been thin-skinned, and he's probably always going to be." Lately the President has not been content simply to answer charges against the specifics of his foreign policy. He has been defending himself against the contention that he doesn't care enough about foreign affairs or give them sufficient time except when crisis compels it. Here he gets at least a partial assist from a few administration men whose detachment has to be accepted as genuine. The view they give is of a president who is willing enough, to mix into the foreign field if; there are pragmatic gains to be! had—to defend the country's interests when that must be done, and advance them when it can be done. At the same time, these semidetached viewers see no desire in Johnson to remake the world, , to push out the frontiers of idealism, to go adventuring into the ' minds of many world leaders without specific intent. Says one source: * a a "He doesn't really expe c t much in this field. He doesn't think any amount of talking will change De Gaulle, or even Pres- jident Ayub Khan of Pakistan. ! That's one of the overlooked rea- i sons Ayub's visit was postponed. | The President just didn't think he could make a sale." ! It is suggested that Johnson, in/this regard, is almost the reverse of the late President Ken- jnedy. The latter came to the White House thinking he could move world mountains. It was only after the disastrous Bay of Pigs, the grinding confrontation in Vienna with Khrushchev, and the Berlin wall, that Kenn e d y spoke feelingly of the "limi t a ! tions" on American power and influence. Even then, some argue, his idealistic notions did not d i e. He explored the minds of many leaders and leaders-to-be. He'. thought he would outlive the old-! er leaders, and in a second term | take the forefront in new efforts at recasting a troubled world. Lyndon Johnson is not immune to foreign entnusiamg. He worked up a good deal of spirit over his "Meking valley project" and general development proposals for Southeast Asia. But to one appraiser this is just a foreign transplant of his domestic enthusiasms. He adds: "The Mekiong may simply be the Pe- demales enlarged,'' v By SYD KRONISH AP Newsfeatures To honor the 700th anniversary of the birth of the Italian poet Dante Alighieri, the U. S. will issue a 5-cent commemorative stamp on July 17 with first-day ceremonies at San Francisco. The design features a likeness of Dante from a painting by an unknown 16th Century artist which hangs in the National Gallery of Art in Washington. Dante wears the laurel wreath symbolic of poetry. A banner above reads "700th anniversary." Collectors desiring first-day cancellations of the Dante stamp may send their addressed envelopes, together with remittances to cover the cost of the stamps to be affixed, to the Postmaster, San Francis c o , Calif., prior to July 17. The outside envelope should be marked "Firs t-Day Covers Dante Stamp." The Post Office Departm e n t also announced a change of plans for the Robert Fult o n commemorative stamp on Aug. 19. The first day city was originally given as Albany, N. Y., but now will take place at Clermont, N.Y. First-day requests already sent to Alb any will be honored and transferred to Clermont. Many nations have announced stamps honoring the centenary of the founding of the International Telecommunication Union. Ireland's design is rather unusual. It incorporates the symbol of the union together with a representation of the globe and a background of vertical lines representing the waves of communication. The inscription is in Irish and the dates 1865-1965 appear above. Collectors in this cou n t r y wishing first-day covers may write to Irish Cachet Cov e r s , 947 East 32nd St., Brook 1 y n , N.Y. 11210. Cost of compl e t e set on cover is 75 cents. The United Nations stamps for the ITU anniversary come in two denominations, 5 cents and 11 cents. The design depicts the progress made since the early days of semaphore and morse code. The inscription reads : "From Semaphore to Satellite." Collectors desiring first-d a y covers may send their requests to United Nations Postal Head quarters, United Nations, N.Y. Remittance to cover the cost of the stamps to be affixed must be in money order or certified check. Requests must be received prior to May 17. The World Wide Philatelic Agency reports that Mada m e Chiang Kai-shek is pictured on a multicolored stamp issu e d by the Republic of China (Formosa). The stamp commemorates the 14th anniversary of the Chinese Women's Anti-Aggression League. The same design appears on two values. Also reported by the same agency is a new stamp from India honoring National Maritime Day and showing the steamship "Jalus- lia." The value is 15 nay a paisa. Day in History By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Today is Saturday, May 15, the 135th day of 1965. There .are 230 days left in the year. Today's highlight in history: On this date in 1951, O e n. Omar Bradley told Congress that Gen. Douglas MacArthur's proposals for expanding the war with Red China would involve the United States "in the wrong war, at the wrong place, at the wrong time and with the 'wrong enemy." In 1862, Congress established the Department of Agriculture. In 1918, Army fliers started air mail service between New York and Washington. In 1942, gasoline rationing began in 17 Eastern states and the District of Columbia. In 1945, the U.S. Navy announced that American submarines had sunk nine more Japanese ships. Ten years ago — A treaty of peace with the Republic Austria was signed in Vienna by the foreign ministers of the Big Four powers. Five years ago—Nikita Khrushchev said he would not take part in a summit conference unless the United_States ended all U2 flights over the Soviet Union. One year ago — Gov. Nelson A rockefeller scored a major upset by winning an Oregon presidential primary. Record of the Past 10 YEARS AGO-Temperatures, 77-38 . . .The production staff of "I Remember Mama," senior class play is working daily with the cast, to perfect phsyic a 1 production problems in preparation for the staging of the play on the Washington School stage .... Miss Ruth Healy was elected president of District 9, ol the Business and Professi o n a 1 Women's Club at the Goge b i c Country Club . . Wakefield and Iron River post decisive victories in the Upper Peninsula regional track and field meet, with the Cardinals chalking up 67 points in winning the class c trophy and the Redskins 63V 2 in coping the Class B crown. 20 YEARS AGO- Tempera tures: High 49, low 26 ... William Bier has been named valedictorian, and Miss Kathryn Kangery has been named salutatorian of the graduating class of St. Ambrose high school Bier is the son of Mr. and Mrs William Bier, 323 Douglas Boulevard, and Miss Kangery is the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Leo Kangery, 213 Wilson Street . The Sunday School of the First Methodist Church has plann e d a "Family Night" for Friday May 18. The men's class has planned a full evening of entertainment. A Daily Thought And they took offense at him 3ut Jesus said to him, a prophet is not without honor excepl in his own country and in his own country and in his own house.—Matthew 13:57. Respect yourself and then others will respect you. - Con- fucious. gtfe.n:^&fr M

What members have found on this page

Get access to

  • The largest online newspaper archive
  • 11,100+ newspapers from the 1700s–2000s
  • Millions of additional pages added every month

Try it free