TEMPERATURES: 14 hr. period to 11 a.m.: 7.5; 59. Previous 24 hr. period: 70; 52. Year ago: High 66; Low 55. Rain .43 in. Precipitation, to date, 13.46 in. IRONWOOD DAILY GLOBE FORECASTS — Mostly cloudy with intermittent rain tonight and Sunday. Cooler this afternoon. Cooler Sunday. Low tonight 45 to 52, high Sunday 51 to 65. 46th YEAR, NUMBER 150. ASSOCIATED PRESS UEASED WIRE NEWS SERVICE IRONWOOD, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY EVENING, MAY 15, 1965. TEN PAGES SINGLE COPY 10 CENTS. Chances for Viet Peace Talks Are Dim North Viet Nam Rejects Proposal For Ending War Reds Term Indian Offer 'an Offense' By RONALD I. DEUTSCH SAIGON, South Viet Nam (AF) — Communist North Viet Nam rejected today an Indian proposal for ending the war in Viet Nam. It called the offer "an offense" against the Vietnamese people. The North Vietnamese news with criticism that Indian authorities take "the erroneous viewpoints (which) only benefit the U.S. imperialists." India proposed April 24 that a cease-fire be observed in all of Viet Nam and that a peace force of the Asian-African countries police the cease-fire line. Communist China turned down the Indian proposal Friday after denouncing it as "preposterous." The United States has said it was giving careful study to the Indian formula. It was reported by the Washington Post that the United States has stopped aerial strikes against North Viet Nam pending an intensive reconnaissance survey of damage done and further top-level policy decisions. For the third straight day there were no air strikes against North Viet Nam today A U.S. military spokesman declined to discuss the reason. U.S. aircraft, however, flew 150 sorites against scattered targets in South Viet Nam. The Post, in a dispatch from Saigon, quoted Rear Adm. Edward C. Outlaw, commander of the 7th Fleet carrier task force, as saying: "We are making an effort right now to have a look at the damage we have done to get a factual assessment so the analysts can decide what to do in the future." The dispatch said reliable sources in Saigon made it plain the halt in raids was politically rather than militarily motivated arid that military chiefs in Sai gon already knew the extent of damage from bombing through previous reconnaissance. See REDS—Page 8. Why I Belong Communist China Calls Explosion Great Victory' Pledges Not to Use Nuclear Arms First By JOHN RODERICK TOKYO (AP) — Communist China today called its second atomic explosion "a great victo- REBELS ON THE MARCH—Rebel forces continue to hold a large section of Santo Domingo. Here, armed rebels throng' a street in the Dominican capital. At far left, hatless and with moustache, Is rebel leader Col. Francisco Caamano Deno. (NEA Radio-Telephoto) Dominican Cease-Fire Threatens To Disintegrate Into New Battle JOHN PATRICK McKevitt-Kershner-Patrick Co. United Nations Sets Up Watchdog Post I By LOUIS UCH1TELLE SANTO DOMINGO, Dominican Republic (AP) — The United Nations is setting up a watchdog post in the Dominican Republic as the cease-fire threatens to disintegrate into bloody new fighting in this divided city. An advance party of four U.N. secretariat members was flying here from New York under orders from the Security Council to report on "the present situa- Maj. Gen. Indar Jit tion." Indian Rikhye, military adviser to U.N. Secretary-General U Thant, heads the team, which becomes a kind of third force in the Dominican Republic, alongside the United States and the Organization of American States. * * * Rebel-operated Radio Santo Domingo was blasted off the air again Friday by automatic weapons fire and possibly a bazooka. A rebel spokesman said a truckload of Dominican troops drove past the station, hitting an antenna and transmitting equipment with their fire. The station had returned to the air earlier Friday after being knocked out Thursday in an air attack by Dominican air force planes. The rebel station has been delivering a harangue against the U.S. Marines and paratroopers here, as well as against the forces of the Dominican junta headed by Brig. Gen. Antonio Imbert. No injuries were reported at the station Friday, but a teenage boy was killed when a shell fell in a patio where five persons were seated. The junta's armed forces chief said the rebels would be bombed again "if the situation warrants it." Junta planes circled over the city during the day. Explosions were heard in the northern part of the city at in- McNamara, Committee Agree To Merger Battle Cease-Fire WASHINGTON (AP) —Secretary of Defense Robert S. McNamara and the House Armed Services Committee arranged a cease-fire today in their fight over plans to merge Army Reserve units into the National Guard. But at an elaborate ceremony announcing the .agreement, it was "S^parent 'neither party has backed down a bit in the long standing dispute. McNamara made it clear he is going to put the merger into effect, and the committee made it just as clear it still doubts his authority to do it without congressional approval. Rep. F. Edward Hebert, D- La., chairman of a subcommittee considering the proposed merger, met with McNamara in the lavish Armed Services Committee room before a crowd of newsmen and television cameras. The secretary announced he is the Duarte Bridge leading into Santo Domingo from the junta's military headquarters at San Isidro air base. The Hondurans — the first contingent of an inter-American peace force authorized by the OAS — are in an area controlled by paratroopers of the U.S. 82nd Airborne Division. Costa Rican police are being sent and the Nicaraguan Senate approved the dispatch of 164 officers and men to participate in the force. * * * Venezuelan Foreign Minister Ignacio Iribarren Borges said Venezuela is undecided whether to provide men for the force. Originally, President Raul Leoni had said Venezuelan soldiers would participate if there was a gradual withdrawal of U.S. forces. submitting to the committee a series of legislative proposals dealing with the National Guard and the Army Reserve, but none of them had to do with the merger. They covered such details as permitting women and retired enlisted men to serve in the Na tional Guard, letting individua reservists be attached to the National Guard for training and establishing a Nationa Guard in the Virgin Islands. Hebert and L. Mendel Rivers D-S.C., committee chairman hailed this as recognition by Me Namara that Congress has the constitutional right to pass law dealing with the raising am maintaining of an army. Under questioning, McNa mara said he has always recog nized this. But then he said h regarded the proposed merge as a matter of combat readines entirely within the discretion o the Defense Department and th military. After mutual protestations o esteem and promises to wal hand in hand toward the goal o national security, the joint new conference produced thes statements: McNamara 'I am no If any citizen, businessman, professional man, or otherwise, would take a moment of his time i to study the progress report and accomplishments of the Ironwood Chamber of Commerce, Just for 1961, he would know why our community needs and should support our Chamber of Commerce. Just to speak of one phase of chamber work, it would be well to call attention to the tremendous amount of work it takes just to handle and distribute thousands of Ironwood tourist folders, and to answer hundreds of inquiries and letters directed to the Ironwood Chamber of Commerce. Tourist business is big business, and our community of Ironwood needs to develop this phase of business in a big way. Instead of being pessimistic about this area, we should be increasingly optimistic when we think of the wonderful year-round facilities we have to offer. To promote, advertise, and to tell other people about our city and our wonderful tourist country takes time and money. I think it is time now, as never before, to be progressive and to work together as a community. One of the best ways to help your city of Ironwood is to become a member of your Ironwood Chamber of Commerce and when you are called upon to join your Chamber of Commerce! be progressive, help your community. tervals during the night. There j The Argentine House of Deputies Friday night voted to con- was sporadic gunfire. * * * U.S. Ambassador Ellsworth Bunker told a special conference of the OAS in Washington that there have been 137 viola- demn the U.S intervention. A statement by President Arturo Illia that Argentina was in favor of helping the Dominican people retain sovereignty was inter- tions of the cease-fire agree- preted to mean that Argentina ment arranged two weeks ago by an OAS commission. Seventeen American servicemen have been killed and 86 wounded, largely by rebel sniper fire. would not send men to join in the OAS force. in San Juan, Puerto Rico, exiled Dominican president Juan Bosch said the arrival of Hondu- | ran soldiers was an "insult to Informed sources said special;the Dominican democratic revo- U.S. emissary John Bartlow j lution and to the democratic Martin has withdrawn, at least| conscience of the Americas." temporarily, after failing to achieve progress toward negotiations. Martin, former U.S. ambassador to the Dominican Republic, was said to believe that every time negotiations seemed possi- Bosch said the Honduran army less than two years ago over- j threw constitutional government in that country in a coup he said was similar to the one that ousted him in 1963. The U.N. Security Council in ble a small group — principally | New York acted unanimously Communists — caused an incident to make negotiations impossible. after Thant received a message from Col. Francisco Caamano Deno's rebel regime saying San- ready to compromise on any thing regarding combat readi ness." Hebert — "The committe offers no compromise on its leg islative responsibility. We insis the merger not take effect with out proper legislation.' When McNamara agreed no to put the merger into effec until the committee had cleare the fringe item she was submi ting, it appeared he might hav conceded a point to the commi tee. However, the merger is no due to take place until July 1 and Hebert said he expected clear the proposed legislatio within six to seven weeks. The net result seemed to be one of those executive-legisla tive compacts in which bot sides appear to gain some de sired objective but in which n substantial change really take place. De/uge of Legislation Added To Calendar Before Deadline LANSING (AP) —• A deadline | million hike in school aid an deluge of legislation ranging < hour before the bill-reporting rom taxes to dog-racing and , deadline. ippropriations to unemployment! It was about $81 million more benefits poured from commit-; than Romney recommended. It ees onto the legislative calen-j would push the school aid fund dar Friday. I to $544 million—although a corn- Spending bills from the House' parison between the bill and the ways and means committee, 1 present fund of $434.1 and Rom- :oupled with earlier - reported! ney's recommendation cannot measures in the Senate, indi- De compared in any meaningful :ated the 1965-66 state general way. because each set of figures 'und budget exclusive of school; contains different elements. to cushion the its dismayed but tried shock among neighbors by promising it will never be the first to use nuclear weapons. The United States, at the same time, said that President Johnson's statement following the first Chinese explosion sev en months ago still holds. It of- 'ered to support non-nuclear nations against Chinese atomic blackmail. "China is developing nuclear weapons solely for defensive purposes," the official Peking People's Daily said today. "It is the sincere hope of the Chinese people that there will never be a luclear war." In Japan, the reaction to the explosion was sharp and critical. The government said it would make a strong protest and leftist organizations, normally friendly to Peking, deplored what they called a menace to peace. The Kyodo news agency called it a time bomb blown up in Japan's back yard. The newspaper Mainichi said: "However little radioactive dust falls over Japan, we are fed up with it. What the Japanese peo pie really seek is an immediate halt to all nuclear tests for the sake of mankind." The Chinese did not say whether the second bomb was dropped from an airplane o was touched off from a tower on the ground. Use of the word: 'over the western areas" was seen by the Japanese as an indi cation it had come from a plane. If so, this would mean that the Chinese have at leas' limited delivery capability. In announcing the Oct. 16, 1964 explosion, the Chinese did no use the word "over." Japanese correspondents in the Chinese capital — who re ported intense excitement and jubilation — said there was strong possibility the bomb was released from a plane. Western diplomats in Peking regarded the explosion as pri marily of political important and as an answer to U.S threats of bombing the Chinesi mainland if China enters the Viet Nam war. Some Western observers re garded the explosion as clumsi ly timed in view of the coming Afro-Asian conference in Al giers. The Chinese were brough under fire by neutralist nation following the first test. India's delegate to the United Nations, Vishnu C. Trivedl, de nounced the explosion and ex pressed shock "at the great and serious damage done to peace and security." Trivedi told the 144-natio U.N. Disarmament Commissioi the explosion represents health danger to present and future generations. North Viet Nam welcomed the bomb as "a great encourage ment to the people of Socialis countries." South Korean Information Minister Hong Ching-chul sai the explosion "revealed agair the warlike nature of Commu nist China.' aid will be about $500,000 more than Gov. George Romney's recommended $593.9 million. The House ways and means committee jarred the few representatives who were still in Tax bills were reported in the Senate and House only to keep the door open for either fiscal reform or new revenue sources. Their emergence was a compromise measure to pacify leg- the capitol after a 14-hour day, | islators who had pushed for eas- when it recommended a $112 Bronze Bust of JFK Is Unveiled LONDON (AP) — A bronze bust of John F. Kennedy was unveiled today by his brother, Robert, at an international youth center. Only three other American oresidents have been honored by the British with sculptured figures in London. Sen. Robert F. Kennedy, D- N.Y., and his brother, Sen. Edward M. Kennedy, D-Mass., attended the ceremony at the International Students' House near Regent's Park. Robert de- scribbed his brother as "president of the young people of the world." "There was an identification and a relationship between them and the president," he said. Money for the bust, by the American sculptor Jacques Lip- chltz, was collected by the Sunday Telegraph. The paper set a limit of $2.80 for each donation. Publisher Michael Berry explained the limit was set "so that each man, rich or poor, should count as much as his neighbor." Thousands of schoolchildren made their donations in pennies. The other American presidents with statues in London are Abraham Lincoln, George Washington and Franklin D. Roosevelt. The students' house, officially opened earlier this month by Queen Mother Elizabeth, is the first of its kind in Britain to be modelled on the chain of International Houses in New York, Chicago, Berkeley, Calif., and other American cities. Her children, Caroline, 7, and John, 4, left by train from Victoria Station with nannies and Secret Service security men for an unidentified spot in the English countryside and did not attend today's dedication. The principal place of remem- beraoce will be in the meadow of Runnymeade, 21 miles southwest of London, where King John signed the Magna Carta in 1215. Queen Elizabeth II inaugurated the Kennedy memorial there Friday and bequeathed an acre of Runnymede's historic ground to the American people. ing of the procedural deadlines. The dog-racing bill reported out in the House came without committee recommendation, meaning a majority of House members would have to vote favorably even to consider the controversial measure. The unemployment compensation bill sent out by the Senate labor committee followed guidelines of a report framed by management and labor representatives of the Michigan Emp 1 o y m e n t Security Advisory Council. It would upgrade unemployment benefits about 20 per cent over the present weekly scale, extend coverage t( workers in a firm with one or more employes instead of the present four or more and ease disqualification provisions. The payment scale, based on previous wages and family sta- ;us, would be increased from $33-$80 to $44-$72. Extension of Big Four Foreign Ministers Meet In Vienna Today Rusk, Stewart Try to Sound Out Gromyko VIENNA (AP) — Chances of any diplomatic breakthrough on Viet Nam appeared dim today as the Big Four foreign ministers gathered in Vienna for the 10th anniversary of the Austrian independence treaty. Secretary of State Dean Rusk and British Foreign Secretary Michael Stewart still hoped to sound out Soviet Foreign Minis* ter Andrei Qromyko privately on the prospects of bringing Red China and North Viet Nam to the conference table without prior conditions. But western officials gained the impression at a dinner party with Gromyko Friday night that the Soviet Union is not interested in talking with the West about Viet Nam at this stage. 'The time clearly is not Supreme Patriarch of Thailand Dies Today BANGKOK, Thailand (AP) Thailand's supreme patriarch, roughly comparable to the Pope in this Buddhist nation, died today at 90. His name, never used, was Yew Yanothai. The king of Thailand ordered the court to observe a 15-day mourning period. State Demos Propose Tax Package this junta, cans." the North Ameri The rebels said Friday they to Domingo was in imminent would not negotiate with the danger of destruction. junta but said they would talk j Thant instructed the four-man peace "with the true creators of ;group to "prepare the way on '' ' the spot for the early arrival" of a representative he planned to appoint to personally investigate the Dominican situation. The United States joined in the unanimous vote on the resolution, sponsored by the Ivory Coast, Jordan and Malaysia. It also called for a "strict cease- fire." £ A rebel spokesman said after an OAS commission met with both junta and rebel leaders that the OAS was being given a "last chance" to help resolve the situation. A force of 250 Honduran soldiers has set up a camp near LANSING (AP)—House Democrats have proposed a $129 million tax package — including a four per cent tax on virtually all services — to insure Michigan's solvency in the next two years. The House general taxation committee also reported out a "smorgasbord" of fiscal reform dishes that could be put together to form any kind of reform menu the legislature wants — if it wants one. The Democratic members of the committee Friday reported out bills to impose the use tax, replace the business activities tax with a five per cent levy on net income, to Initiate a "stamp act," and cut the tax on a barrel of beber. "This is to finance state operations for the next two years- after we find out how much it's going to cost," said Rep. George Montgomery, D-Detroit, chairman of the taxation committee. "U school aid is increased substantially, or capital outlay,! or if we decide to go further in paying what the state owes into retirement systems, we are going to need some of this money —at least in the year after next," he added. The use tax would be imposed on such services as automobile repairs, dry cleaning bills, photography, amusement admissions, dental bills and shoe repairs—"everything but hospital bills," Montgomery said. It would raise about $84 million a year. Changing the business activities tax to a five per cent levy on net income is more equitable and more profitable, he said, raising increasing revenues from $98 million a year to an estimated $155 million. "This helps the smaller and the fledgling business, since the smaller the net income, the smaller the tax," he added. A tax on legal instruments involving financial transactions- benefits workers coverage. would under bring 110,000 unemployment right," one commented. Western French diplomat officials House committees reported out bills to repeal the bounties on coyotes, wolves, red foxes and bobcats, provide for a state meat inspection law, regulate milk pricing practices, and restore veterans' homestead property tax exemptions to former levels. Another would call for revocation of the license plates and registration of a vehicle that passed a stopped school bus if the driver could not be identified. An executive reorganization bill was reported out and tabled. "It's a vehicle for the recommendations that will be made by the constitutional implementation committee by May 28," said Rep. E. D. O'Brien. Reorganization of more than 120 state agencies and departments into not more than 20 major departments is required by the new Michigan constitution. Also reported out in the Senate were bills regulating charitable trusts, broadening rights said French Foreign Minister Maurice Couve de Murvllle also believes this is not the moment to expect a breakthrough on possible peace talks. Austrian Foreign Minister Bruno Kreisky was the host at the dinner for the foreign ministers, some of their top advisers and a group of Austrian diplomats. Rusk returned to his hotel after three hours at the affair and told newsmen, "It was a purely social occasion." He said there was no meaningful discussion. When asked whether he still hoped to have such a discussion, Rusk raised both arms in a gesture of doubt. Gromyko, who returned to the same hotel a few minutes earlier said, "It was a very good dinner and a very pleasant conversation." Asked whether he expected to have political talks during his brief stay in Vienna, Gromyko shrugged. A diplomatic source who attended the dinner said the foreign ministers "scrupulously avoided talking about political issues." He said Rusk and Gromyko talked privately only for about two minutes. Alex Quaison-Sackey, president of the United Nations General Assembly, was the only dinner guest to return in an optimistic mood. He said he raised his plan for a compromise in the United Nations financial crisis and was "more hopeful than ever" of an early agreement. The three Western foreign of chiropracters and prohibiting I jntotaters were scheduled -to. - •• - - - ' eave Vienna early Sunday, but American officials said Rusk was prepared to prolong his stay in case of an unexpected reversal of Gromyko's negative attitude. publisher of the name of a rape victim. A major casualty of the deadline was a Senate bill to refinance the Mackinac Bridge. The state affairs committee was about to consider the bill, recessed for lunch and never met again. There was talk in the Senate, however, of a move later to suspend the rules and discharge the committee — a rare occurrence but one which can be accomplished with a simple majority vote. $1.10 per $1,000 would raise $2 million for the state and $2 million for counties. A reduction of the beer tax from $6.61 per barrel to $4.10 would cost the state $14 million. We also have covered the table with a smorgasbord of fiscal reform bills," he said, "and the legislature can take its pick of all or any part of it with just a motion." Most of the reform bills are from a package introduced by Reps. James Folks, R-Horton, and Roy Spencer, R-Attica. They include two income tax proposals, and repeal of the intangibles and business activities taxes. The Folks-Spencer package is substantially the same as that proposed by Gov. George Romney in the 1963 special legislative session. The bills were reported out without recommendation, meaning they are automatically tabled and required a majory vote to reviyR them. 50 Are Buried By Avalanche GARMISCH- PARTENKIRCH- EN, Germany (AP) — A giant avalanche roared down today from Mt. Zugspitze near here, swept over a hotel, and down on an area where skiers were practicing. Police said at least 50 persons were buried but the number dead was unknown. Police said some guests at the Schneefernerhaus Hotel, enjoying the sun on the terrace, were swept away and hurled down the slope beneath. The hotel, especially reinforced, withstood the crush of the slide. Police said rescuers searching the 17-foot high layer of snow numbered several hundred. The snowslide started at a point below the peak of the 9,719-foot Zugspitze, Germany's highest mountain, and soon covered a great part of the Zug- spitzplatt, a skiing site. First reports said about 25 skiers had been recovered by rescue groups. They were taken to hospitals in the valley by the cog wheel train that usually takes tourists up the mountain U.S. Army crews also joined in the search for survivors. A a Professor Blasts Viet Nam Policy By LEWIS GULICK WASHINGTON (AP) — prominent professor led off mass debate on Viet Nam today with a slashing attack on President Johnson's policy. Chicago University Prof. Hans J. Morgenthau declared the administration's true aim is not to secure freedom for the South Vietnamese people, but is to contain Communist China. And that, Morgenthau declared, is leading the United States into a massive land war on the Asian mainland which the United States cannot win. He predicted America might have as many as 300,000 troops in Indochina within six months the way things are going now. Academic critics of the administration's policy locked horns with Johnson supporters during a scheduled 15-hour 'teach-in" or discussion — ending at midnight — staged in a Washington hotel ballroom and carried by closed circuit radio to some 120 campuses around the nation. The hall, capable of seating 4,500 persons, was less than half* filled when the debate began. Arthur Schlesinger Jr., • former White House foreign affairs adviser to both former President John F. Kennedy and to President Johnson, was sifted to open the proadministrt* tlon case at the morning meeting but did not appear when first called to the rostrum. I He is now teaching at Harvard.
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