Iola Daily Register And Evening News from Iola, Kansas on January 12, 1933 · Page 1
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Iola Daily Register And Evening News from Iola, Kansas · Page 1

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Thursday, January 12, 1933
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STATE HISTORICAL B«eiB 'iY eOMP . TOPEKA ,XftKC. ' ^ VOLUME XXXVI. No. 65. Successor to The lola Dsiljr Register, The lolB Daily Record, and lola Daily Index. lOLA, KAS., THURSDAY EVENING, JANUARY 12, 1933. The Weekly rBejister, Esubliahed 1S67 The lola Daily Register, EsUblislied: 1897 ENDORSE TOlAlD Jf)BiESS Numerous Officials and Businessmen for Work In Return for Aid; UP TO THE OWNERS Gravelling and Similar Projects Would be Paid For by Theni Expressions of approval *ere general today among a number of busi- nes-smen when they were questioned as to their reaction to MaJ. T. P. Llmbocker's iprogram for' reducing the evils accompanying the unemployment situation in Ida through application of thefno work, no pay" principle, expounded by him yesterday. Major Limbocker, a member of the lola Welfare a.ssocjatioh execu- • tive committee, would hdve needy persons applying for aid to the association be required to work at 25 cents an hour until the amount of aid they desired was worked out. For example, a man.wanting $5.00 worth of groceries would be given an order by the association. He would, then go ,to the city engineer, and be assigned! to a gang under his direction uniil lie had worked .20 hours. Then, his order would be'counter- .signcd by the city and r6tumed to the a.ssociatlon which in turn would issue an order on a grocery' for $5.00 worth of food. aty Offlclal For It. One city official said. "Fm for it. This depression lias spoiled a lot of people. The community As laying such stress on relief campaigns thAt many m^n who could scrape through some.how if they want to have quit trying, dbtermined to 'get in' on .some of the free groceries;"; A county official expressed some ; doubt thai sufficient work couId.be found in the city to take care of the applicants, but otherwise endorsed Major Limbocker's plan. " Several busine.s.<;men favored the INTERPRETER DIES JOHN .FREDERICK WOLLE Bethlehem, Pa., Jan. 12. (AP)— Dr. J. Fred Wolle, whose organization of Bach music festivals made him niationally known in music circles, died today after a long illness. He was 69 years old., Through his organization, of the Bach choh' festivals. Dr. Wolle brought national fame to Bethlehem. , The prestige of the little iPenri- sylvanla town, gained through these festivals, was similar tjo that enjoyed in Europe by Bayreuth because of Its Wagnerian festivals and of Oberammergad with its world renowned Passion Play, Musicians have conceded that the work of the Bethlehem choir has been the most faithful interpretation of Bach to be heard In this coimtry, comparing favorably with the interpretations of the great choirs of the world. idea. iKJinting out that such a. program if carried ojit would result in a more attractive town as well as being of bcnellt to the individuals. Under Major Limbocker's plan, the city would furnish supervision for the mast pai]i. and some raw materials, for cleaning up alleys, streets,' vacant lots, and ,in other ways adding to the beaiity of the town. In the matter of raw materials, it was pointed out that th& property owners would of necessity have to pay the cost. Toward that end, however, a committee consisting of I. E. Bartlett, commissioner of public utilities, and Donald Kirk, super- ^Intendenl of public utilities, was appointed at the. last meeting of the city commissioners to work with a group from the welfare association in determining how the plan can be worked out. | Half As Much Now. The committee jeame'd' from City Engineer Harrison Ashfoiil. that the IxLst job of gravelling dciie in lola! cost $33 per 50-foot lot to lay a grav- ' el bed 9 inches thick and liB feet wide. Ashford. however.', said that using welfare labor, the ;same road could be-put in for a cost of $15 per 50-loot lot. .: At the commission meeting, the . City officials evinced a de/slre to aid . in every possible way. although they do not want to force any person to participate in the project. They fQel that persons intere^.ted should originate the usual petitibns for the improvements which petitions can , be obtained from T. E. 'shanahan. ' city clerk. Payment wt)uld be in the form of taxes under the: usual plan of amortization in. from-one to ten years. "ThLs is a chance for property owners to improve the value of their premises at half the 'usual cost for .luch improvements."' Major Lim. bocker said toda.v. "and at the same time they would be rendering a valuable service to the unemployed men /- of the toviTi." : •SUN.SHINE MAN" TO lOLA MAJOR LIMBOCKER 'S PLAN. The three-fold plan to reduce pauperization, improve the unemployment situation in this community, and to beautify lola, advanced by Major Limbocker in yestorday's Register, certainly is entitled to carefiil consideration. One of the most distressing things liable to follow a long period of, depression, is the breaking down of the morale of the men who have had to undergo months or years of enforced idleness, lis a result of which they iinvc been obliged to accept public cliarity. Such an experience In too many cases destroys the spirit of pride, .self-reliance and Independence which has been America's proudest boast. Any proposal, therefore, which opens the way for able- bodied men to eain a living for themselves and their families Instead of having It handed to them, should be welcomed as a veritable life-saver by the entire community and particularly by.the men who are the direct beneficiaries of it. But aside from the himian values involved Major Limbocker's plan might well be adopted because lola needs it! As a woman visitor in the Register office lately put It: "lola is beginning to look like a man who needs a hair cut." All aroimd the edges of the town there are places that need trimming in one way and another to make them look neat and jwell groomed. There are shabby sidfewalks and broken culverts, fallen branches of trees, the remains of old weeds; and there are a good many streets that would be made more useful as well as better looking for the dumping and Spreading of a few loads of gravel. To suppl superintendence, trucks and now and then a little raw material would cost the city little. And what dividends it would pay! It is understood that the City Commission is entirely sympathetic with the plan and will do its part to put it in operation to the extent of available means. In doing this the Register feels sure it would meet with the warm approbation of the citizens of lola. SPEEDY ACTION SEEN ON AUTO TM REDUCTION Bills , Already Introduced Lowering License Fee To 60c Minimum INCOME TAX IN TOO Proposed Law Would Begin at $1,000 for Married Folk Program Director of KGGF to i Preach at U. B. Church Siinday. Don Young, program director of radio station KOOP at .Coffe>-\ilIe, and belter known |o radio listeners of .this vicinity as;the "Sunshine Man,"' will bring; his troop of children who.sing ovef KGOF on Paturda.\-s to lola for a service at the United Brethren church Sim- ddy, the,Rev. Albert V. Howland announced today. The service will take the place of the regular Sundaly nlg:ht preaching, starting at 7:30. The children will sing and Mr. 'Young ^will preach, the minister said. 'J WEATHER and ROADS FOR KANSAS—Gene ^ny fair tonight and Friday; wftt^ner in east and south portions t&nifht For lola and Victalty—Fair to- hierbt and Friday; waniier tonight. Temperature—Highest, yesterday. 55;,lowest last night 12; normal for today 30; excess yesterday 4; excess .since January 1st. 128 degrees; this date last year—highest 52; lowest 44. Precipitation for the 24 hours .ending at 7 a. m. toda,^ 0; total for •:.this year to date 0; deficiency since January 1st, .48 inch. ; Relative humidity at'7 a. m. today 87 per cent; barometer reduced to sea level 30.37 inches. ' Sun rises 7:38 a. m.; sets 5:23 p. m. ' . Kansas Weather and; Dirt Roads. Emporia, Ottawa, • Manhattan, Coffeyville, Topeka, Pittsburg. Arkansas City, Wichita, Sallna, clear, roads good. MITTELBACH NAMED Creditors FUe Bankruptcy Proceedings Aratnst lola Merchant. Port Scott. Kas.. Jan. 13. (AP^— Involuntary bankruptcy proceedings were filed in federal court here today against John O. Mlttelbach of lola; by three creditors who alleged he ha-s attempted to defraud creditors by con%-eylng to his •wife property in lola and Greely coimty, Ark. I, , ' The petitioners are the Barnes shoe company of St. Louis, claiming indebtedness of $984.10; J. W. Carter Company. Nashville, Tenn., $236.12 and the Krohn Feckheimer shoe company, Cincinnati $342.36. J,\NUARY TERM THROWN OVER No Jury Cases to Be Tried In District Ccinrt UntU March 6. The January term of district court which was to have brought a jury together next Monday has been postponed i until the first Monday in March, Judge Prank R. Forrest, announced today.. , 1 The reason advanced for the delay was the absence of an attorney for the defense In several Cases to be tried. The attorney Is attending the 1933 session of the state Ibgis- latiu*. The jury will not have to report until March 6. i IF YOU MISS THE REQISTEB CALL 167 OB m Topeka. Jan. 12. CAP)—Although lacking the administration label, bills embodying the basic principles of two of Governor Alfred M. Lah- don's recommendations—enactment of a graduated income tajc and a lowering of automobile license fees —were in the legislative mill today. t Legislative leaders planned to give early attention to Ucense fee proposals inasmuch as Governor Landon and many of the legislators favor making the prop6sed reductions effective on 1933 registrations, now past due. . The governor aimounced last night he would send a special message to the law makers early next week elaborating upon his proposal for a scale of fees graduated upward from a 60-cent minimum. The present minimum is $8. Into Highway Financing. In his special message the chief executive will deal with the entire subject of state highway department financing. Four automobile license tag bills, none of them alike but all proposing sweeping reductions in the fees, were .introduced by as many legislators In 'the first two days of the biennial session. One proposes a flat $3 fee; another calls for a minimum 60-cent charge for vehicles weighing a maximum of 2,000 pounds, with 25 cents added for each additional 100 poimds; the third would provide a $3 charge for automobiles w^eighing 3,000 poimds or less, with 25 cents added for each additional 100 pounds, while the fourth calls for a scale of fees based on both the age and weight of the car. Under the latter bill, the minimum fee would be 60 cents. Tlie bills provide higher fees for trucks. First Income BUI In. Representative May (R) of Atchison, Introduced the first Income tax bl!J'T*:"tfe £r3esslon. He "proposed a flat 5.5 per cent rate on coriraratiQn Incomes, and a personal Income scale of rates beginning at 3 per cent for the first $1,000, with one-half per cent added for each additional thousand up to a 7 per cent maximum on excess above $8,000. Exemptions would include $500 for single and $1,000 for marrle<j persons. . • The revenue derived would be dir vided on a basis of 40 per cent to school districts, 25 per cent to counties, 20 per cent to the state and 15 per cent to cities. Russia Acts to Remedy Serious Food Shortage Present CumuIatiYe CoUectiwis System Probably Will Be Superceded by Definite Grain Tax in Kind, President Molotoff Says in Speech Last Night. Moscow. Jan. 12, (AP)—Abolition of the depressing grain "collectlpns" sj-stem, In effect for,the part Ave years, was officially predicted today as a means of remedying the serious food shortage in Russia. President Vyacheslaff M. Molot­ off. the "front" of the Soviet government, said in a speech made public last night that the present cumulative "collections" system probably would be replaced by a definite grain "tax". In kind, levied in advance^of sowing. Under the present system of levying upon deliveries on a basis of possibilities, production fell off FOR STATE POLICE Stat^ Chamber of Commerce Also Urges Capital Punishmmt Topeka, Jan. 12. (AP)—Enactment of a capital punishment law and legislation for a state police system are to be urged before the legislature this year by the Kansas chamber of commerce. A bulletin discussing these phases of the organization's legislative progi-am stated "the state chamber of commerce, with representative membership in every county, will lend its influence toward enactment of a capital punishment law and organization of a sj-stem of state police or a highway patrol." Two years ago capital punishment bills were passed by both branches of the legislature but they were vetoed by former Governor Harry H. Woodrlijg. Maurice L. Brledenthal, chairman of the chamber's highway - committee, said, in regard to a state police system, "we are combating 1933 criminal,education with a police technique established In horse and buggy days." He said a highway patrol could be made "practically self-sustaining." could enforce highway regulations, assist the oil inspector's ofllce and the public service commission and assist In vehicle tax inspections. "A co-ordinated protection agency and prdmlse of capital punishment would deter crime." MAUDLIN HEADS lOLA L O. O. F. other Officers Installed for 1933 by Local brganlzfttioh. Walter Mau^n was Installed as noble grand of jthe lola lodge of Odd Fellows at a meeting of the organization in thie liall on West Madison Tuesday night. Other officers installed were: Oscar McKamin, vice-grand; Roy Griffitts, warden: William WUey, conductor; Russell Major, chaplain; Jim Klnser, right support for the noble grand ;C. W.Beck, left support for- the noble grand; Roscoe Hess, right support for the iVice- grand; Ralph Vaughn, left support to the vice-grand. Walter Weaver, right scene supporter; Wayne Bliss, left scene supporter; Ben Lytle, Inside guardian; Robert Warner, outside guardian. Flfi WIdener Tries It Again. Reno, Nev. Jan. 12. ( AP)T-JO- sephine (Flfi) Wideher. Philadelphia heiress, whose elopement at the age of 17 launched her first matrimonial venture, was a bride today for,the thiid time as a result of her marriage here to Aksel S. P. WIchfeld, former Washington, O. C, Danish legation attacbe. OHIOAN FACES PRISON TERM Colorado Governor Denies Application for Parole Pending Pardon Denver, Jan. 12. (AP)—Olemj Smeeman. 36-year-old Cleveland, Ohio, /businessman, today faced re- tvixn to the Colorado state prison from which he edc&ped 15 years ago while serving a three-year sentence for auto theft. Refusal of Governor Edwin C. Johnson late yesterday to grant a 90-day parole pending an application for pardon, ended a drainatic hearing in which Smeeman and his brother and business partner, George A. Bronson, asked the governor for a tempiorary parole. The beautiful 20-year-old wife of Smeeman, who came with, her husband and Bronson to Colorado in the hope of winning freedom for her husband was taken to a hospital on the verge of collapse. • Roy Best, warden of the state penitentiary, planned to take. Smee­ man to the prison today. Relationship Admitted. Disclosure of the blood relationship of Smeeman and Bronson came soon after the governor'^ dediioa was announce last evening. "axae, we're brothers," said Siriee- man. > And, from Bronson:. "Look alike? Certainly. We are blood brothers, although the fact has been more or lesfe secret." Smeeman's appearance yesterday before the Colorado chief executive, who took of^ce this week, was brief. He told the'governor he had "made good" in Cleveland since his escape from a convict road camp In Boulder nearly 15 years ago^ At that time he was serving a thriee-year sentence for motor car theft. Bronson told of Smeeman's position of responsibility In Cleveland. Wife GeU HysterieaL Governor Johnson asked Mrs. Smeeman if slie had anything to say, and after replying that "everything necessary has been said," she burst into tears and was; taken from the room, weeping hysterically. Bronson explained that when he, the younger of the brothers, left the Canon City prison where he also served a term for auto theft he lived with a family by the liame of Bronson and he took their name. He had worked himself up to a position of responsIbiUty in Cleveland when the older of the brothers appeared and took the name of Stanley. Together they started in busi- nesis and prospered. The Bronsons were bom at Grand Rapids. Mich. Later thehr father, a retired music equipment dealer, purchased a ranch near Elizabeth, Colo. Bronson said the father died while both were still young and their stepmother received most of the estate. Friend of Official. Bronson will accompany his brother to Canon City. He will visit captain of guards, B. Spurgeon, who has become his close friend since Bronson finished his sehtence. Bronson has returned to Canon City each summer for trout fishing. Denver poUce received word from St. Louis authorities that Smeeman /should be held because of an un­ served sentence imposed against him- in Missouri for automobile theft in 1916. Mrs. Smeeman, who married the publisher In Cleveland, said she knew nothing of his early life at the time of the marriage. lOLAN INTRODUCES A BILL Senator Oyler Wonid Lower Interest Kat? to 7 Per Cent. greatly because peasants knew the more raised, the more the government wou^l take. "The supply of manufactured goods and of food must be improved," «aid Molotoff, who is charged with execution of government decisions, in aniioimcing capital investment In Industry this year will amount to 18 billion rubles (nominally about 9 billion.) This was a little more than "actually Invested" In 1933, although under the first five year plan for that year, an expenditure of 21 billion rubles was planiied. In virtual agreement with the recommendations made public three days ago in a speech by Joseph V. Stalin, chief of the Conummist party, Molotoff said there would be an increase of 165 per cent In this year's production over I932's. Stalin set the figure roughly at 16 per cent In his iEpeech. While declaring the first five year plan "was accomplished," in little more than four years, Molotoff disclosed that key industrial production for 1932 amounted to only 85 per cent over 1931 whereas a 34.7 per cent Increase was listed to permit fulfillment of the plan. The president predicted an Increase of 14 per cent In productivity of labor In 1933. He said this would be brought about by increased efficiency while the number of new workers would be held to 100,000, an increase of only 2 per cent. '-The needs of the masses are greatly Increasing and.... .this year we must further increase the supply for workers and peasants," he said. He declared there must be a 10 per cent increase in light industrial production to supply demands for manufalctured goods. Glaks Green Ffrotect to Foods THREAT TO STOP ALL LE6ISUTI0N MADE IN SENATE Long Heads Group Trying To Force Currency Inflation and Relief Washington. Jan. 12. (AP)— Luscious grass green, delicately striped with b^ck, may be the accepted color scheme for the nllk bottle of day after tomorrow. I 'The reason for the green is a mere matter of 1 million dollars—the nation's present annual bill for dam- Among the first bills to be offered the new legislature In Topeka was one by Senator P. J. Oyler of lola, according to Associated Press dispatches today. The bill, offered today, would reduce from 10 per cent to 7 per cent the rate of Interest which may be charged on bonds, bills, promissory notes, or other Instruments of writing. ODOR GREENHOUSE ROBBED. No Cloes Left By Robbien Who Escape With Typewriter and Clock. A typewriter and a clock were stolen by thieves who entered the office of the Odor greenhouse east of lola on U. S. 64 sometime last night, according to a report made to the sheriff's office. Undersherlff Otis Lambeth was InvesUgating the, case , today' but said he had found no clues which would help in identifying the burglars. age to jfood by rancidity. The color luxuriant grass was offidally edited today by the deNrtment of .Bgriiulture wlth-?bilng the most satisfactory resistant to food spoilage. I • - i The announcement was based on the fiddln^ of Mayne B. Coe, a young fchemist, who, equipped with a spectrum, a thick notebook and a score of diverse colored vials in which foods were exposed to the sun, aiscertalned the virtues of green. Black is as good, and is suggested to relieve the monotony in coloring. There will be no exclusive use of this novel discovery as a public patent has been obtained to make use of color protection available without xharge to any resident! of the country. . Coe reported that food exposed in clear glass containers spoiled most quickly and that yello'vish or bluish green falls. to protect. The established protection applies to oil-bearing foods, but Coe is continuing, experimentation to ascertain If other colors vflU guard the sweetness, and purity of non -oil bearing foods. The gfeen protective principle applies to butter, salad oil, lard, pecans, cashew nuts, potato chips, mayonnaise, whole wheat flour, corn meal, many bakery products and foods containing iome quantity of oil. Sunlight affecta m Ik, medicines and hastens the photochemical decomposition of " silk. -Experiments have shown, Coe said, that ultraviolet and infra red rays cause quick decomposition! of certain foods. McGUGIN FIGHTS ON Kansas Representative, Loses, However, In Stand on iFarm BUI Washington. Jan. ll (AP)—Slow plodding through, the complex provisions of theemergei cy farm plan occupied the house today as Democratic leaders sought ,o hasten the bill to a final vote. It took well over an lour from the opening gavel to ado it the first committee amendment which establishes an initial marketing period for the benefited cropi—wheat, cotton, rice, hogs, dairy products, and peanuts—and fixes during the period minimum prices which the bill seeks to guarantee toe farmer. . Representative Harild McGugln, (R. Kas.), once again I was defeated In an effort to strike hogs from the biU. 1 •'This is saying by congressional decree that an old boar 10 years old with bristles six inches long shall sell on the market at the same price as a young 200-pound hog," McGugr in shouted. - I "That sort of nonsense should make an impression on anybody's intelligence, even on congress. "If you want to be honest, put in this bill along with hbgis, a fixed price on beef and mutton." NO "NO" TO THEIR PAY BILL House Unanimously Passes Senate BiU to Fay SaUries. Topeka, Jan. 12. (AP)—Without a dissenting vote, the house passed today! a senate bm appropriating $50,000 for legislative expenses. Jt was the fhst biUj of the biennial session to be sent to Governor Alfred M. Landoo for his signature. CLOTURE DISCUSSED Rule to Break Filibuster Thought of biit Sponsors Fear Lack of Support Washington, Jan. 12 (AP)— Threats to block all legislation to force consideration of currency inflation and hunger relief weire made today on the senate floor and In the lobbies. 5 Talk continued, • meanwlille, of plans to Invoke the drastic cloture rule to break the filibuster, against the Glass banking bill: Senator Long, (D., La.) who today entered his third day of delaying tactics to kiU the Glass bUl, joined Senators Wheeler (D., Mont.) and Thomas, (D., Okla.), In the aim to try to force currency relief. Invoking of cloture to limit debate, which requires a two-thirds vote, only reached the '^discussion stage. Sixteen signatures are necessary to brmg It up' and sufficient votes were believed to be lacking. Reporte were circulated that Senator Fletcher (D., Fla.) was prepar- [ing a cloture petition, but he denied It. To Stop AU Legislation. Wheeler Interrupted Long's filibuster to.say that unless legislation to inflate the currency is enacted he would be "perfectly willing to stop all legislation until Congress; wakes up to the necessity of doing something." He said if cloture was proposed on the bank bill it would have to be invoked on every other piece of legislation brought In. "This congress has not done a single thing to aid the country," Wheeler said, "unless something of this kind Is done the country will face a very critical time. '; ' "Why, in some parts of the country where the courts don't dare to serve processes, nothing but anarchy prevails." As he continued his filibuster. Long turned Ills fire on Eugene Meyer, governor of the Federal Reserve board. He asserted that Meyer as chairman of the war finance corporation "handled 90 millloh doUars of gov- ermnent bonds through-the J'Stig8i>u Meyer bond house in New York in the teeth of the law." Oath Quoted. "He confessed under oath this man Eugene Meyer, head of the Federal Reserve board; that we are about to tiu:n the coimtry over to lock stock and barrel—that he sold through the Eugene; Meyer bond house 90 million dollars worth of bonds of the United States government owned by the war finance corr poration," Long said. "Yet we have been out here hunting the boys with a pint of whiskey on their hip. 'It reminds me of an advertisement I saw In the paper. 'The First National bank has been robbed, this time by outside.parties.' " Just after the war. Long said, referring to Meyer, "they had this racketeer and bucketshop operator. Eugene Meyer, at the head of the war finance corporation, and what he won't do aint In the books!" Long then asked "Where Is he today?" "Why he's head of the United States finances and they've got' a bill In here to give him more power," the Louislanan continued. I Cost U. S. 60 MiUiosi. Charging that Meyer's bond selling cbst the American people 60 million dollars, Long said the bill would take the secretary of the treasury off the reserve board and give Meyer unlimited power in controlling the nation's finances. . "What's, the use of keeping Capone, in Atlanta?" he shouted. What the use of hunting for Insull In Greece? • "Eugene Meyer, for the government," he said, "sells bdnds to his own bond house for 86 and sells them back to the government for 98." 'Who did the senator refer to?" asked Senator Wheeler (D., Mont.) walking into the chamber. "Eugene Meyer, the klngfish of the federal reserve board," Long replied. FINANCIER IS DEAD (3HARU:S W. MORSE Bath, Me.,; Jan. 12. (AP)— Charles W. /Morse, 77, financier and shipping magnate, died at his home here at 8 o'clock this morning. He had been ill from pneumonia for a week, but! was be-, lieved to liave b6en recovering. FRENCH SHIP RIVAL OF GRAF Tri-Motored Airplane Sets Out for South America by Stages. Istres,. France. Jan. 12. (AP)— The French tri-motored plane Rainbow hopped off today on "the first stage of a flight to Buenos Aires in a challenge to the Graf Zeppelin as Ja trans-Atlantic mail carrier. Seven men were In the plane, ta- cluding Pilot Jean' Mermoz, and the'only passenger, M. Coiusinet, who built the plane. They were to stop first at Casablanca. Morocco. "We isrlsh to show the ahTslane superior to the dirigible for assuring postal service." said Couzlnet. On a first attempt to take off the plane tipped on its left wing, but Mermoz righted It and on the second attempt was successful. The weather was foggy: The plane weighed i|iore than 14 ton.s carrying 850 Utres Of gasoline. 238 litres of oil, and 300 kilograms of provisions. "The party will 'wait at St. Louis, Senegal, for authorization of the air ministry to cross the Atlantic. Romanian Cabinet Quits. Bucharest, Rumania, Jan. 12. (AP)—Premier Manlu's government resigned this afternoon as it had been expected to do for several days. ARMY RANKED SEVENTEENTH General MacArthur Views World Situation With Alarm at Hearing Washington, Jan.' 12. (AP)—General Douglas MacArthur, chief of staff, ranks the United States seventeenth in military strength : of land forces among the nations of the world. ' Warning a house appropriations subcommittee that "we are living In troublesome times,'- the army leader said "practically all other nation^ are Increasing their strengths" while the United States has reduced Its forces. "World' conditions are unsettlejd and provocative," MacArthur said in testifying l>efQre the committee which drafted the war department supply bill for the next fiscal year. "Many natiohis are passing through economic crises. The tense situation In the far east wWoh for some weeks dm'Jng the past winter flamed into open hostiUtles, emphasized again the untrustworthiness of trear ties as complete safeguards to international pea^e. Unnsnai Reductions. MacArthur sa;id the United States "has accomplished a degree of ref duction In • Its land forces that stands a unique example among world powers," he added > "These reductions leave the Unitr ed States now the seventeenth ranking nation in military strength in the world. As practically all other nations' are increasing their strengths, it is quite possible that In the near futm-e the United States will drop even. further in the relative list." ; "It is apparent."' he said, "that the larger nations are iiicreasini/ their outlays for military preparedness." he added he was "unalterably opposed" to sacrificing "trained man power" and declared: "The army can suffer In all other things and still carry out Its main mission. Cut Into Ita trained man IMwer and you destroy the military framework which supports our system of national defense." Russia Ranked First. Questioned by Representative Collins of Mississippi, chairman of the subcommittee, the general ranked Russia at the top of the list In organized active and trained reservtja with a total , of 18,873.000. France was second with 6,975,000; Italy. 6,498.000; Spain, 2324.000; Japan, 2,177,000, whUe the British empire was ranked eleventh with 1,163,000, or below Poland,. .-China, Rumania, Czechoslovakia ahd Jugoslavia. MacArthur said the United States had 132.069 men In the active ser- \'lce and 307,120 reserves, a total of 439.189, or below Switzerland, Sweden, Turkey, Belgium and Greece.; . EIGHT PAGSS APPROPRIAIIONS FOR ARJMY DOWN M 3^ MILLliNS Committee Much Less itary Recommends for Nion-Mil- Work Too C. M.T.C. ELIMINATED Discrimination I Grolinds by Collins f<ir Ctitting Off MbneJF MAN SHOOTS BANDit Ohloan Knocks Gun from Robber, Snatches: it Up and Fires .Cleveland, Jan. 12. (AP)—Two men held up the Commercial Savings and Loan company of Berea.'a suburb, today: and one of them escaped with (35,000. His confederate was shot and captured. The robber was,shot when former councilman Charles Fox, who arrived at the jbank soon'after the holdup, resisted efforts to force, hl'm into the bandit's machine. Fox's suspicions were aroused when rie found the door of the bank locked. He I'apped. One of the gunmen came to the door, carrying a satohel containing the loot. He turned his gun on Fox and ordertd him to "corns along." As they 'reached |the curb. Fox struck one of his captors on the jaw and seized his gun. He fired five times and. the bandit fell. ' The second gunman snatehed the satchel and fled afoot. • State Senate Adjourns. Topeka, Jan. 12. (AP)—After a short session today during whiph members introduced half a dozen bills and heard a message from Governor Alfred liil. Landon in which be recommended immediate consideration and ratification of the "Lame Duck" amendment to the federal constitution, the senate adjourned until Monday afternoon. Washington, Jan. 12. | (AP?->-The contlnuhig jdrlve for economy brought to t |ie house today frwn its appropriations committee a. bill Recommending 1 ^1^84,000 'less] to\"carry on the military activities [of the war deportment next year than was allowed for this.. ' The same measure also allbwed $79.324[00O less for nbn-mHltary work, but much of this reduction was diie to non-recurring emergency construction authorized lasj session and not continued In th* new bill. I ; As submitted to the houstV, the bill would allow $273,079,000 for military apd $72,743,000 for hon-mitltary activiUcs for the 1934 fiscal: year. This vjiras an apparent reduction of 110 niUlion dollars fromj j this«year but 50 million dollars of thi'£ was accounted for by npn-rectirring emergency constructionj | Most for Waterways, c Among the principal items Ip the bill ai-e: $39,388,00ft for riverS, and harbors maintenance work, without specific allocations in the;bill;'^225.484 for Muscle Shoals;! 819 ,(i43.000 for Mississippi river flood control; $11,106,000 .for the Parialma cinal; $3 .354{000 for the reserye officers training corps; $35,000,000 for; the natiohal guard;-$23.537.()00 fdr' th,e army air corps; $50,525.(|)00 fdif the quartermaster corps and $128 ,185,000. for pay of the army.- Exciuded from the blUwas i jnil- lion dbllars asked by the budee^ bureau ifor continuation ot citizens' mlUtap training camps. 'In a statement. Chairman Collins |0f theTap- propnations subcommittee which recommended the suspensldn: of C. MJ T. C . activities, s^ld: • ' Too Mncb Dlscriminatioii i "The budget includes 1 million dollars for tjifehcomponent, .which" would occasi ^R^ reduction Vnjiia number of trainees from 8730(? to U,006, To effect this 1 reduction would cause ipjustlce and miKii more discrimination than at present." Th^ measure also would 1)er(nlt the national guard to motorize'all field artillery reglmente with lliht commercial vehicles, continue the officer strength of the arrhy -at 12.000 instead of renewing Jlast ye&fB rejected proposal of a reduction-to 10,00(), shorten the training-period for members of the reserve officers' training corps from 42 to 3D days and cut recruiting expenses Ih half. Lllijewise, it would allow f.he air corps to make contracta' for new plant's to -the extent of 1 3 mlllton dollars in addition to giving an out- appropriation of $2333 ^000^ to branch. right] that U. S. THIRD IN THE AlR F, Trabee Davison Reports Advan^ m^nt for Combined Air Form Of the Nation. ' : the visoii Wishlngton, Jan. 12.. j(At»)—An advahce in the past yeai^ fr6m fourth to ithird rank In the "world's mil|tliry air strength is asserted for pnited States by P. "Trubee Da- 1. assistant secretary of war Jor aviation. In testibony before the} hoiisa appt jpriations subcommittee: which draf ed the war departmenC supt>ly bill, Davison said: . Is very jiti'wasrat 'dur tactical position much better today than . ,_. the beginning of the fivefyear pro- grai >, in spite of all the difficulties we lave gone through, particularly in tie last three or four I years. " "That has reflected a change,; in our relative air ctTCngtH ste cmn-. pnnd with other nations. TJils eouitry stands far and aw^y first, as fir as naval air strength'ls concerted. ^ / ' "^ irhen we combined the army and the na^-y together we stand thirl in the world today, whereas last year we stood fourth. 1 "•'l^hon we take simply; tfcie army air 6tr(-ngth alone, as ccimpaf«d witl. the land air strength of other ppwjers alone, wc stand fourth ftils yea:' as against fifth last! yeiir......' "So far as our equipment is dbn- cen.ed, I am perfectly willing to mal ;e this statement and I, believe it t) be true, that so fail as planes are concerned, in performance 4hd effi ;iency, we lead the world . at present, •' Davison declined today tb make public the foreign nations ^ranking aheid of the United States. ."':his Information comes from confidential reports of military;at- taclies, and can hot be given ojit," he >aid In reply to queries. '• TO»EKA COUPLE FOUNIS DlfAD Mr. and Mrs. Dan Hammatt Die as ; lesnlt of Murder and Snicid^ den B heaJ abli" Ibpeka, Jan. ' 12. ({AP)—Dan C. Haiimatt, agency caster of ;:the Aet la Insurance company., and' his wif*. t)oth.prominent in Topeka society circles, were fbund." shot to dea ;h \n their bed today, at .their.. hoqie In Westboro, fashionable resl- ;Ial district. " , . had been shop through-the 1, and a revolver was clutched in Haiunatt's hand. Dr. H.iL. Clark. Sh£ wnee county coroner, -expr^sed the Bbth belief their deaths •"unqueslion- '" were the result of mlu-der and Buldlde. i«

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