Cumberland Evening Times from Cumberland, Maryland on October 18, 1955 · Page 4
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Cumberland Evening Times from Cumberland, Maryland · Page 4

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Tuesday, October 18, 1955
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'V, FOUR ^Evening & Sunday Times 'et.rr »ft.rn»« tiie.pl •••«.;> tM MMM ' M>nlni PuMl.h.el by Tn. nmt. md »ll«««nlM "• C*mu»T M loutli Meehtnle St.. Ol«ib«rlind «M- ( EVENING TIMES, CUMBERLAND,- MD., TUESDAY, OCTOBER 1ft 1955 Life'* Darken Moment A WF.BSTW CUSSIC ^""itottr.!) >i cliu mill m«tt»i «'UiiirtjriM ta l*e ul •( "•«> '. "" •( HemMi ol tb. »udll -' Bur»«l) 01 '! Mtmlur W TK AiwIUM t. DUl PA £-4600 ,j s , W«tkt» tirtucripllOB rite b» Cirrl.rtt On. •** '.< Evening only ]6ci Evening rtmel pel copj. «•• *j Evening and $undij rlmei 46o pel wetkl CuD< TUnei calf, tfc P" CCPT Mill Subscription R.ltl E«nlne Ttmet lit, tad. Jrd and <t» Poml ZOMI II « Month - 11.00 Sl» Monthi • • H."o Oni VMI 6th, tlh, Ilk »Bd SIB Coital Z">«« . •1.50 Month - IS.SO Si. Montni - f IV.™ Ont *«• Mall Slibicriptfon Rilei Suodaj nmei Only 1st, 2nd. Sri and <tl« Poital Zonei :.M Ont Month - »3.00 SU Monthi »6-00 On. K««t Stfc, 6th. Itt and 8lh Poital Zoncr '.«0 Ont Month - 13.60 SU Monlhl - VM O»« *•" The Evening rime, and Snndijr rime, aiium. •• financial re.ponslbillly (or typotraphical error, u •dveriliemenli but will reprint lhal part oi •• advertliemtnl In' which the typoeraphlcal trr« "OCCUH, error, must b« reported at ooca. Tuesday Afternoon, October 18, 1955 A Legend Ended IT WAS INEVITABLE that great „, attention would be paid to the released .• German war prisoners who could give the '.. first eyewitness accounts of Adolph Hit" ler's last days in Berlin. The men who ' ; have been freed, one of them Hitler's '*' body servant and another his personal '" pilot, agree that their leader committed • suicide -with his longtime friend, Eva .- Braun Both say the bodies of the two fj lO mCIS L . ';:• were burned to ashes outside the bomb- _____ ; ' proof bunker in the German chancellery _ ' '• : grounds, where Hitler had frantically Jllffll 1111161* directed the Nazi war effort in its final . -o ... : : phase. The effect of this firsthand tesli- i' mony is to confirm one of the' most •• remarkable intelligence performances re• corded in World War II. A British ihtelli- •.' gence officer, H. R. Trevor-Roper, pains":.• takingly dug out the final chapter of the "Hitler story from captured .documents, ': testimony of such witnesses as were in '^Allied hands, and the physical evidence in and around the bunker. , ,; , />/ v/'// '•/•' '"• •' •''/' ,'/.. -. THE PUP-THAT THOUGHT HG" WAS A itney Bolton ., Looking Sideways Ditl PA-2-4600 '•< for « WANT AD :Tiker Hal Boylf ^..^o.'.d ;-.,s-T. : -' ••••,. :•':..;.. :••:;:;•'"-,'• .•.:.,.•;•»»';'•.•,.:;, • AP Reporter's IVotebppfc NEW YORK—Ten years ago her name: would have sparked in your mind. It was an immediate name. Glowing. goWch and'Sparkling, all at once; a fascinating name attached to a fascinating .woman. • But the theatre Is.'a capricious place In which to work; : ' You • can be Mrs. Empress : . this fall and Jlrs. Drop Dead, next fall. The th'eatre has no loyalty and very little appreciation. It is inhabited by masters of the shrug. There is a role to be cast and someone mentions a' name and someone else, who has the role to give, shrugs and says willr scornful indifference: "Who needs her?" sherry, a wedge of Swiss Gruyere and six crackers. • . AS SIMPLY as that, with three brutal words, a heart can be broken, a 'spirit can be shattered and the chill of unemployment and fright combine to make ice in the veins. ... Which is how it was with .her. She. soared to the top of the heavens, flashed across the high .sky, then sputtered out and all. through no fault ot hers. The talent was still there and the willingness and the devotion to a job—but no one wanted it. No one could tell you-why. It just hap. pened: suddenly and without reason they didn't call her any more. f\ Ull Plans '.' AS A MATTER OF FACT, .Heinz Llnge, the Hitler body servant now freed, was one of Trevor-Roper's sources. His detailed ^diary : was left behind and'came into British possession. In spite of this generally very convincing report, the legend persisted from the outset that Hitler had; not died but somehow had niatje his way out of Germany to a hiding place abroad, Lisbon or Buenos Aires or some such spot. There was no shred of evidence to suppbrt-this notion.. The chief reason it did not perish was most likely the wish of many Nazi people to believe that Hitler still lived. They could cling loionly one fact: that'utterly no trace was found of Hitler's body—no ashes, no bones, nothing. Linge now comes forward to help extinguish that frail spark of hope. He declares that he himself assisted in reducing Hitler's body to ashes" and disposing of them in a manner which assured there would be no .trace left.. '' WASHINGTON — An interesting division has'developed in the Eisenhower Administration's- inner circles over water resource conservation policy and the responsibility the Federal government should exercise in its various aspects, in- eluding production and distribution of electric power. The division, which came to a' head in the President's Cabinet, is unusual in. the mry the line has been drawn. The influence of the East, which is less affected by tliis^ issue, is found to be exerted on ho- Y half of more Federal direction of. and participation in, development and .distribution, of power. On the oilier hand, we find, powerful Western influences in the Administration tryinc for a restrictive policy that would well-nigh slop further Federal development even of mammoth projects hitherto regarded as too extensive Cor' private, localand state development. It is in the'West, loo, where there arc still the- untapped water resource potentials requiring large- scale development. ••" IF THE LEGEND persists beyond" tnese disclosures, it will be a thing wholly o.J, the imaginations of the men who want to believe. More realistic men will see finality written in the eye ; witness confirmation now given to Trevor.-Roper's story. We who love life and liberty may not readily understand why Hitler could find.no course but death. But he had tasted the anguish of.prison before, and even in the unlikely event he could have escaped to .exile, he might have found such self-banishment nearly as painful. He knew his ultimate death at Allied hands was a strong.probability. Since that was so, he chose to manage the last act according to his own lights. With the same flair for the dramatic that marked so much of his life, he wrote the closing scene as a sort of modern-day, Wagnerian "twilight of the gods." Hitler saw himself tliC whole way as a man of destiny, living ' a life that was a work of art. Such a life' -cannot end without artistic flourish. More than ever now, it seems plain he supplied the stunning conclusion he believed the grim circumstances called for. Stalinism Crumbling? ONE OF THE MOST provocative arid optimistic articles about Russia to appear since the Geneva conference was printed ' recently by the Wall Street Journal. In it Paul Wohl, a long-time observer of the Soviet Union, suggests persuasively that th'e Soviet dictatorship' may eventually succumb to western influence. Wohl notes that there have been distinct signs of a change in the Russian government since Stalin's death, and especially since the Big Four talks at Geneva. He believes that . the present rulers, unlike Stalin, have been forced to heed public opinion—at • least the opinion of such informed groups as the managers, engineers and economic officials. Furthermore, Wohl suggests that increasing contact, between Russia and the West is bound to have an effect on the Russian people. He thinks this may result in "the erosion of Stalinist thinking through exposure to the West." Once this erosion-. gets going, he writes, "who can say it will stop short of the disintegration of the totalitarian Stalinist empire?" Some students of Russia may regard this view as not only optimistic but extremely naive; So it may be. Yet it might be well to foster increased contact with the Soviet Union ori the off chance that Wohl's. happy surmise may prove to be true. . THE NEW YORK TIMES reports that during the World Series crime in Man- Rattan fell off. • Apparently people were loo busy watching the Dodgers steal ..bases. MOST PEOPLE admire the fellow who makes decisions. Ho may sometimes decide wrong, but at least lie always ,... ilccldcs. THE DIFFERENCE is pin-point- edron (lie'one hand,'in Attorney General Herbert Brownell. Svho is from New York and identified with • the .Eastern wing of the party which always has been moderately progressive on domestic issues. On the other hand, favoring a narrow local partnership policy, we discover the top command of the Interior Department, namely, Secretary of Interior Douglas McKay, former governor of Oregon, and Assistant Secretary Fred G. Aandahl, former governor of North Dakota. The conflict was dramatized in a rather explosive public hearing last week before a House" Government Operations subcommittee. There Assistant Secretary Aandahl admitted that he had been sitting for several weeks on a formal opinion "by Attorney General Brow- hell sent to Secretary McKay. It held that 1 the Interior Dcpa'rt- • ment.under the law must permit a cooperative and municipal group in Georgia to get preference' in purchase of electricity from the government dam across the Savannah River at Clark's Hill above Augusta, Ga. THE 37 CO-OPS and municipalities, banded together in the GeoV- gia Electric Membership Cbvpora- .tion.^have been pushed around and plagued by, delays and proposals and counter-proposals by the Georgia Power Company which, itself, is seeking to control the power and its distribution from the'govern- ment.dam built at the taxpayers' expense. .The higgling and haggling has gone on interminably at numerous Interior Deparlmenl conferences with the utility. It was the prodding of Assistant Secretary Aandahl at fhe committee hearing that finally brought out, for the first lime,' that Attorney General Brownell had made a ruling lelling Ihe Interior Department to do its duly under the law. While • the Attorney General • merely was saying, in this in. stance',.that the 1944 Flood Control Act meant what it said about preferences for co-ops and municipalities — something that should not "have to be said — his opinion served to direct attention to his' general views, expressed previously, which are at variance on important points with policy adopted by Secretary McKay' and Assistanl Secretary Aandahl. . . general dissent, in which he was joined by another Administration official —'Defense Mobilizer Arthur S. Klemming — from the report on water resources and power by the Hoover Commission, of which both were members. That report advocated a minimum of Federal government participation in the power program. The two dissenting officials said, to the contrary, that while they could approve individual parts of fhe report in detail or'in principle, "we are concerned that the recommendations, when taken together, would impede the Federal government in exercising its proper role in the development and use of ttie na• lion's waler resources." The Federal government, in their opinion, should exercise "dynamic" leadership to assure "a balanced and orderly pattern of nalional wa- ler resources development." The problems,, they said, should be viewed "from a long-range standpoint." SHE PHONED about 5 o'clock the'other afternoon. She invited this reporter up for a .cocktail. She made it sound as though there would be a lot of people there. It seemed a silly thing for her to do just now. To go' to the expense, and trouble, but mainly the expense, of a Mile cocktail •party that wouldn't get her anything. Not even a walk-on". When you are dead in the.theatre 3'ou are awfully dead. The reaction was one of pity. You felt for the woman who was going to pay out all this money which she scarcely had, and for no valuable reason. . So, about 5:30, the bell was rung at her apartment door. Inside there was one person. The .hostess. And obviously no more to be expected. On a gleaming coffee table, free from even a' trace of dust, was a silver trajY covered with linen, and on that there were two glasses, a bottle of just-opened California MOST RECENTLY he exposed 'his views, and rather fully," in a THEY DISAGREED flatly with the Hoover Commission's conclusion that the Federal government, should build no more giant, multipurpose dams, lliough that is about what has happened under the McKay-Aandahl policy. What the divided opinion in Ihe Administration amounts to practically is that Secretary McKay is the man with the authority and say-so and is evidently persuasive with the President. All. the Attorney General can do is speak his mind on commissions and act only whe^a legal question is raised, as in the Georgia case. And that last, as-we have seen, has thus far amounted only to talk since llic'.Intcrior Department still has paid no attention to .the opinion he rendered in July. . (United Feature Syndicate, Inc.) Douglas Larson Cabinet Sessions Routine, Businesslike WASHINGTON — (NF.A) — With (he exception of Hashes ot pungent wit by Secretary of Defense Charles Wilson, meeting's of Ike's. Cabinet are pretty routine, businesslike sessions. There is nothing like the eruption of personality clashes between former Commerce Secretary Jesse .Tones and Agriculture Secretary Henry Wallace in meetings of . Franklin Roosevelt's Cabinet. Nor 1 are there the banter and frank political discussion? of Hany Tru- ; man's Cabinet sessions. Because of the importance <of their departments and their own . strong personalities. Wilson and Secretary of State Dulles take part in most debates. Secretary of the Treasury Humphrey and Attorney General Brow- - noil arc in on all discussions .because of the financial and legal as-. pects to most Cabinet problems. But the rest ofthe heads' of the departments stick pretty much to discussions of their immediate problems and programs. And their activity in Cabinet meetings is -a good indication of the roles they will piayjn the administration during the period-of Ike's cpnvales- cence. . THEY ALL HAVE Ike's confidence and backing to act in their special spheres,^and will continue to do so. The possible exception to the stay-in-your-own-back-yard attitude of the rest of the Cabinet is Scc- ; rotary 'of Commerce Sinclair Weeks. I As former treasurer of the Republican National. Committee, a former.senator and successful business executive. Weeks has" always had the respectful ear of the President and Cabinet on top-level political and economic matters. Weeks will continue to. exert a conservative, businessman's influence on government policies beyond the scope of.his'own department's activities. Postmaster General Arthur Sum- mcrficld has been a most pleasant surprise to Ike. The job tradition-' ally has been a patronage'plum lor the chairman of the victorious national political-committee. That's hoWSummerfield got it. But he has pleased Ike — and the rest of the Cabinet.— greatly byimaking the post office more efficient, modernizing its transpor- tations system and getting it closer to a paying basis. He worked so hard it put him in the hospital for a time recently. History From The Times Files TEN TEARS AGO October 18,' 1945 City Police smash gang of auto thieves here; Seven of eight taken inlo custody for'stealing fivc.'autos. President Harry S. Truman expresses . "sympathetic understand' ing" for David Long, three, (his city, expected to die of brain tumor, in letter tq The .Evening Times. Long's father w.as serving overseas with the Army, and letter from the While House said everything possible w6uld 'be clone lo gel "nim home. Mrs. Alice Scclbach, 75, admitted to Allcgany Hospital with injuries sustained in fall from bridge near Triphi Lakes. i TWENTY YEARS AGO Oetobci* II, 1935 Thomas Whallcy elected president (of Henry Hart Posl 1411, VFW. Anlliony Mnrroceo -seven, son of Palsy Marrocco, JW Bedford Street, scvcrly injured when struck by truck near home. Boy Scout Troop 17, Grace Methodist Church, awarded plaque by American Forestry Service. THIRTY YEARS AGO October 18, 1925 St. Peler's Parochial School, Wcslcrnporl, observes 50th anniversary. ' "' ' . Death of -Mrs. Perry Imcs, Sir of -ISO Baltimore Avenue. Margaret Frctl Lease, four-year- old daughter. of • Mrs. Lucy Lease, South Cedar .Street, 'seriously burned about body when 1 matches ignite. ' • FORTY YEARS AGO October 18, 1915 More than 1,500-small fish, laken from Mississippi River, placed in local streams. James Miller, Ascension Street, fulnlly Injured in full from B&O train at Okonoko, W, Vn, WE TALKED for an hour. Theatre, . people, jokes, tragedies, and never mentioned'her. She didn't, certainly. To you it seemed unnecessary. She poured two tiny glasses of sherry in the hour. At 6:30 it seemed time to leave, She suggested staying for dinner. The invilation was accepted. ' It was a dinner of frozen items put together in 30 minutes and it was good. She used wine in her cooking, she joked about our times, when a frozen steak, icy potatoes and a stiff, dark green cube of spinach could be warmed into deliciousness. Dessert was fresh fruit and a bitter; heavy black coffee that was just right. . Over the few dishes, she washing and you .wiping, she got around .to what lay heavily on her mind. "I blame you men," she said.. "It is female to look for a creature or thing to blame. You all gave me good notices, but they had an underlying doubt. As though to say: 'She was wonderful, but...'." WE TALKED about it, later, afler.lhe dishes. She was calm but convinced. There didn't seem to be much point in arguing with . her. ' It she believed that eight drama critics could. destroy her, she believed it, and debate would only have led td bitterness. She felt resolutely that eight men with 'typewriters had ruined her life. Once, when she was on the telephone, her guest saw a. cabinet in Ihe corner. A Crown Derby tea pol, some Belleck plales and some odd, clay figures. From the chair, eight or more feet away, they looked" like crude liltle Chinese figures' she must have picked up somewhere. The time lo leave came.and her guest mentioned the figures: "They look interesting." She shrugged and said: "Oh, they are. They're very special." I went over and looked. There were eight of them. Each one had pins sticking in it. "Who .are they?" her guest asked. "Guess," she said, and closed the door. (McNaugM Syndicate, Inc.) ; • . NEW YORK—Curbstone 'comments ;by" a pavement Plalo! .-;"'... ' : -''' : ' V This has been called the Century of the Common Man, but it Is more truly the "Century of-the-Fringe People." '• . y •' : .Arc.you one? i . •' • ..,•'.•.-•>: The fringe folk are a prdduct.of,a civilization that tends to put everything in containers. It looks for health in a vitamin capsule and entertainment in canned laughter. •.;'...:•-• A fringe man is one who dwells on the edges ofircal knowledge. He knows a littltgi bit about everything, and not very much abouW anything. ' • : If nc visits New' York, he only wants to see .the hit Broadway shows.- If he reads a book it 'has to be on the best seller list, and it has to be in digest form. ' . . -. '•. He watches only television shows that have a high rating, and he attends only those movies he has been told are good. ' < THE FRINGE' MAN'S biggest goal in life is to be popular, but he wants to be.popular. : .with evcrybor'-; To do (his he naturally has to-reduce, his'own personality lo the status of an ever-smiling zero; This is why so many Americans drink so much at cocktail parties. ', ' The yearning of (he fringe .people to be liked reduces their conversation to such banal platitudes they find it impossible even to listen lo each other's verbal soothing s^rup except under the influence of something stronger. . The number of people who have*heard something, or read something, increases all the time, and they chatter on endlessly. The legion of half-taught cultural nonentities engulfs our social world.. , Bui (he number of people who have a solid knowledge of any subject, and who can talk about it well, seems to dwindle. "Be yourself" is an old and comfortable saying. Frederick Olhman Checking Hats For A Nickle IT IS SOUND ADVICE, too, mentally, and physically. But the current run« the.other way today. We seem caught in a pattern .o( social conformity, and fearful .of breaking but.' "Be like the other. fellow" more nearly describes our aim—or perhaps. "Be like you think the other fellow expects you to be." The fringe people seek always to be in the swim and they end up drowning in their own pitiful ignorance. They 'pretend to culture, and they have no culture. . . . It is better to write one poor poem than to memorize Shakespeare. It Is better to play a musical saw yourself than merely be able to identify every melody in Beethoven. America is producing loo many half-enlightened innocent bystanders in every field, and too few doers. What the Century of the Common Man needs is more men who dare to be uncommon. (Auoelitcd Frtit) COLUMBUS, Ohio. — Now hear this, hat check magnates, and weep. There was this big'luncheon in the Neil House, which is a hotel de luxe largely patronized by Ohio piliticos, and (here must have been 300 citizens milling around the hatcheck counter waiting for the privilege of. getting a check entitling them to pay 25 cents to ransom back their fedoras a little later. ; . That's when Don . Weaver, the editor of the Columbus Citizen, and I walked in. Too many gents ahead of us, decided Don. He reconnoi: (ered and there,'smack dab. in the back of 'the'main lobby he discovered a battery of 10-cent luggage lockers such as are to be found in most bus and railroad stalions. 'em were. They'd been every place else, but never to Sydney. So I asked her whether her .Australian was a nice guy. She said he was and how did I guess? She met him on a flight out of Chicago a few months back and one thing Jed to another and he asked her'to marry him. MYi'ADVICE was for her to quit worrying about the kangaroos and the jack rabbits. I said, sounding exactly like the wise ladies on the women's pages, that if she loved him, the Continent didn't matter. She sighed and how she managed to pour the rest of tlje coffee without spilling it, I'll never know. A young lady in love is a happy thing to watch and I hope her Australian deserves her. BUT THE Postmaster General is well. He continues his work to streamline the postal service and is an important guide to the administration on midwest politics. ** Once at the start of his" administration, and just before his attack, Ike went out of his way to indicate his full support for his Secretary of Agriculture, Ezra Taft Benson, when Benson found himself in a crisis. This indicates that Benson will continue lo be (he -adminislration's agricultural spokesman and chief farm policy executive. . Ike and the rest of the Cabinet are impressed with Benson's courage and'integrity and his vast, detailed knowledge of the country's, farm problems. F.or the next few months, even if Benson wanted lo, he wouldn't have lime for lending In anything but the country's farm problems and the running of his department Although Marion B. Folsom, Sec-. Tclary of Health, Education and- Welfare, is the ncwesl member of the Cabinet, in the seat vacated by Mrs. Hobby, he is a veteran of Cabinet sessions. As former undersecretary of the Treasury-he frequently saf'lh for Huniphrejft '• THE FACT THAT Folsom Is n velcran'in the administration and already an expert on most operations of his multifunction agency mcahs that he will continue to run it wllli (he independence he enjoyed before Ike's attack. -. The, two most silent men of the Cabinet in its meetings have been Secretary ; of Labor James P. Mitchell and Secretary of Interior Douglas McKay, • That Is, they've confined llicin- selves exclusively lo matters which concern their • departments, And A PLEASED smile spread over the editor's face. He deposited a dime in the slot and put both our hats in .the locker. After we'd consumed the roast beef, the pumpkin pie, and oratory we strolled back and unlocked our hats. No fuss; no checks, no bother and no fifty cents. The cost per hat was one nickle. We calculated that the locker would have held five skimmers easily, at a price of two cents each, and that's why 1 say the hat check operators better start worrying. . Don and I foresee the day when every eatery will have its row of lockers and no longer will there be the blonde behind the counter with her quarter in the saucer to shame us males into paying the same for our own hats. . Red Caps I MEAN MY jaunt from Washington to Columbus has been especially pleasant. Here a first-class hamburger can be had for 20 cents, including onion; here Mayor Maynard Sensenbreriner considers it an honor and a privilege to see any /citizen who calls, and here smiling cops allow small boys to use the statues on the Slate House grounds for trapezes. It is a pleasure to walch a policeman laugh at- an' eight-year- old clambering on the art work. ONE OF THE most enjoyable things was getting here on a flying machine, though I did not expbct I'd be called on for advice to the lovelorn. I traveled via TWA across the Allcghenies and the view of • the autumn leaves was something you write about, though I won't, except to say that the landscape in general looked like an Oriental carpel. . The air was. a little bumpy and every now and a'gain '._tlie stewardess had to sit down "by me in .the only vacant seat and fasten "her belt. She wanted to know first off- whether :I'd 'ever • been to Australia. I said I hadn't '. She .said she'd been asking 'customers at every chance whclh- cr they were familiar with the Continent down under. None of that's what they will continue to do. McKay is currently under heavy attack by the Democrats for what they call his "giveaway" policies. As the expert and spokesman for (lie GOP's power policies, he.will also have his hands full during (he coining months. Public power Is likely to be a major Issue during the next presidential campaign. THE DO IT yourself movement is taking in more territory than originally expected. It seems to be extending to such an unwanted task as carrying heavy suitcases in railroad terminals. The redcap for whom most laden travelers look is becoming a rare species. The railroads say that providing baggage-carriers is a losing proposition, that they cannot compete with wages .paid in industry. A special difficulty is the irrcgular- •*lty of the job. Trains arrive at odd times, and are fewer than they were some years ago. Whatever the reason, redcaps are scarce. ' A suggestion that may be helpful is based on Ihe dp-il-yourself ' plan. For a quarter or some "similar sum a two-wheeled cart would be made available, to the traveler who would wheel .his luggage to a taxi or train. He would leave the cart at the train, where an arriving passenger would pick.it up. This may unduly tax those who make trains on the run, or may turn out to be. an easy and economical way to • acquire a cart, handy for carrying innumerable objects about the house. ' But if that should fail, how about encouraging luggage manufacturers to build suitcases so that detachable skate wheels could be fitted to them and taken /off when not in use?' If we've got to do-it-" ourselves, let's not make it too difficult. tUnllcd Feature Syndicate. Inc.) Don ff hitehend The World Today WASHINGTON—The Eisenhower administration is bumping into embarrassing complications these days in its effort: lo shift th£ emphasis of government Interest from public to private power development. The complications are two-fold: the. law and the Democrats. . . For 20 years of Democratic New Deal-Fair Deal administration, the emphasis was on development and expansion of public power resources! s The giant Tennessee Valley Authority came inlo being. Public power projects were encouraged. And electric cooperatives spread their own network of p'ublically owned transmission lines across the country. , In capsule form. Republicans argued this pro-public power policy pursued under Franklin D. Roosevelt and Harry S. Truman was socialistic and dangerous for the American free enterprise system. Democrats contended the government merely was acting to give tfie people cheap power because the private owned Industry had failed to do the job. • And the public-versus-prlvalc power dcbali' has raged for years. Now .the Eisenhower administration is trying lo encourage private enterprise in the power field. BUT TO SHIFT the direction of power policy is no simple matter. There Is the vigorous opposition from the Democrats and from public power interests-opposition which has built the ' power fight into a first-class presidential campaign issue. And there there arc certain complications which have arisen from the law. • The first clash, came when the administration, through the Atomic Energy. Oomm'ission, contracted with' the Dixon-Yates group to feed power into the TVA grid lo meet an anticipated shortage. This contract was abandoned when the city of Memphis refuse'd to accept Dixon-Yates power and said it would build its own plant. ^ Democratic leaders insisted .the contract was not valid, and therefore the government should not pay a cancellation fee which might amount, to several million dollars. The AEC insisted for months the contract became legally effective last winter. • But AEC Chairman Lewis L. Straus now concedes, after an exchange of correspondence with the comptroller general, that "Ihere may be a question as to the validity" of the Dixon-Yates contract. '" Barbs A cake for an. Illinois wedding was in the shape of a ship. Guests probably enjoyed sinking it. ' * * * The average American, according to a writer, stands up for himself. Guess we need more buses. * * • < ' ^ / U,lakcs nerve to wear some oi the 'modern evening dresses, not to mention the. right backbone. **'*-. Nolhing makes Ihe months seem. shorter and the jears seem longer than paying for something on the installment plan. * * • • Scientists claim thai our remote ancestors had no chins. The best thing we can do with curt Is; keep .'em upi. ;'•.' •:•• s ' The average .man wears a 7W- size .hat before «ttlnj( » job promotion or becoming a father, , ONE ISSUE IS whether there was a "conflict of interest" when Adolphe II. Wenzell acted as a Budget Bureau consultant on TVA and matters relating to the Dixon-Yates deal while still on the payroll of the First Boston Corp., an. investment banking firm;" First Boston became the finanical ag«i* without fee for the-Dixon-Yates group. Today another' political clash is, taking • place over an administration proposal—later abandoned—to sell federal power to the Georgia Power Co. for resale to some 17 cooperatives, which have ho transmission lines connecting with the gcncraling station. ' '.' Ally. Gen, Brownell said in an opinion Ihat the .law provides the government must give preference to cooperatives and other public agencies competing for power vvllh private utility groups, even though the co-ops have no "presently available" means of taking the "power. . : . ...'.' He sold (lie proposed sale to thi private firm.would "(lout (lie.cjnpessionil purpose" of public power.lines. '/..•-. •'.••'••':, •- Thus-the prlvale-versils-publle power battle continues, and .It's generating.! Jolting char|« of political energy, :

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