Ironwood Daily Globe from Ironwood, Michigan on May 14, 1965 · Page 4
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Ironwood Daily Globe from Ironwood, Michigan · Page 4

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Friday, May 14, 1965
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FOUR IRONWOOD DAILY GLOBE, IRONWOOD, MICHIGAN FRIDAY, MAY 14,1965. IRONWOOD DAILY GLOBE "The Daily Globe is an independent newspaper, supporting what it believes to be right and opposing what it believes to be wrong, regardless of party politics, and publishing the news fairly and impartially." -Linwood I. Noyes, Editor and Publishe. 1927-1964. Mrs. Linwood I. Noyes, President Edwin J. Johnson, Editor and Publisher Our Korean Client The state visit of President and Mrs. I. lice Park nf South Korea to the United States reflects the esteem in which the Park uovern- ivc'iit is held in Washington. Slate visits are of course by invitation (inly. Park has earned his by guiding the Republic ol Korea's fragile eeonomv close to the point of self-sufficiency. More is involved in the state visit of the Korean President ami his lirsl ladv, however, than the mere patron-client relationship between the United Stales and South Korea. The event is ample proof that U.S. policy toward underdeveloped slates can indeed be pragmatic. Hindsight critics of our course in South \ jet Nam have said that at least part of our troubles there stemmed from our insistence on democratic institutions and a democratically based government. Let them consider the Republic, of Korea. The Park regime origiuallv came into power in 1961 through a coup d'etat against an elected civilian government. Gen. Park at that Hme. [/ledged to restore the government to "honest and conscientious civilians." Park specifically stated in February K)6'"5 that he would not participate, in the new civilian government. But power is not so readily put aside. Three months later the General allowed himself to be nominated as the presidential candidate of the government-sponsored Democratic Republican Party. The election campaign was a dirtv one, even by Korean political standards. Park controlled the election machinery and hauled one opponent off to jail in the heat of the campaign. Even so, the October balloting, obscivers agreed, was the freest and most peaceable in the 15 years in which South Korea had been a republic. The United States was sufficiently heartened by this display, and subsequent events, to release some $10 million in aid which had been impounded. Park's administration as President has been military in essence. For example, the government used U.S.-supplied riot control gas against student demonstrations in April. And on May 8 the government arrested seven army officers suspected of involvement in a coup, arrested 180 "hooligans," and detained some 1400 other persons for curfew violation. U.S. aid will certainlv be among the subjects President Park will discuss with President Johnson. Economic assistance has been running slightly above $200 million annually in recent years. Park says South Korea is now "one: step" short of self-sufficiency. He predicts that by 1967 his country will produce enough grain to feed its own people. Park agrees with American officials that a part of U.S. aid can be shifted from grants to long-term loans. But he would like to,see aid continued to the completion of the second five- year economic development plan, now being drafted. Park wants also to discuss a slatus-of-forces agreement. Korea is one of the few jurisdic- tions which hasn't the right to try U.S. troops lor offenses against civilian law. The Korean War erupted not quite 15 years ago—on [unc 25, 1950. Militarily, the war was a stalemate. Politically, a resolution is even more remote than before the shooting started. A Stamp for Winnie The United Stales issued at Fulton, Mo., a stamp honoring Sir Winston Churchill. It was there, on the campus of Westminster College, that Churchill on March 5. 194R made his famous "Iron Curtain" speech calling for a U.S.- British military alliance—"a fraternal association." The dale is appropriate in another fashion. For it was 25 years ago. on May 13, 1940, that Churchill made his great "blood, toil, tears and sweat" speech in the Mouse of Commons. Me had been Prime Minister for three days, days he spent creating a government that was going to carry his great country through World War II. "Members of the House," the N.Y. Herald Tribune reported from London on the following morning, "forgot dignity and roared their approval of the new Prime Minister." L'ight- column headlines on the same page were grim: "Nazis Cut Holland in Half, 30 Miles from The Hague; Germans Checked in Belgium, 1.500 Tanks in Battle; Wilhcltnina and Dutch Governor Flee to London." v When Sir Winston announced his retirement from Commons in 1963, The Daily Mail cailcd his service "the most spectacular, most sensational, and most wonderful parliamentary career of this or perhaps any other age." The 'United Stales had reason to share Britain's pride in the great old man. for he was half American. President Kennedy in April 1963 —on the authority of Congress—proclaimed Sir Winston an honorary citizen of the United States. New teen-age fad is pierced ears for earrings. It's not the first time girls have been needled lor fads. The batter called out on strikes blames the umpire, not himself. Many a husband is a master of animal train- Loan companies have a real interest in income tax returns this year. The only knock we welcome is by Opportunity. New York racing authority says the big bettor is vanishing. But Uncle Sam is still here. Airlines arc showing movies, but passengers have to bring the popcorn. Philosophers say nothing can change human nature. How about a driver's license? Too many people think their problems are soluble in alcohol. Are the Russian Leaders at Odds? iohn What gives with the Russians? Are they in any shape to give the North Vietnamese any significant amount of help? The recent "agonizing reappraisal" in Moscow of the Soviet farm situation indicated a fear that, come next winter, the Russian cities will be scrambling for food. The Soviets have already made a deal with Argentina, bartering oil i'or wheat. And the pictures of the Russian Easter season that reached America did not emphasize pus- sywillows and other traditional Muscovite symbols of rebirth; instead, they showed housewives queuing up for a ration of Easier flour. Added to this evidence of internal trouble, the two-horse leadership of the Suviet Union does not seem to be pulling in harness. The Kremlinologists of radio liberty, who are the most careful of the breed, have been making word-by-word comparisons of the speeches of high-ranking Soviet officials as they are taped from radio delivery and as they are later printed in Pravda, the official Communist party newspaper. A recent speech by Pvotr Demichev, an alternate member of the party presidium, was "rectified" when it appeared in Pravda in a way calculated to satisfy Brezh- nev, the Communist party chief, and to downgrade the work of Kosygin, the official head of the government. According to the taped record of the Deirii- chev speech, which was delivered in celebration of Lenin's ninety-fifth birthday, there was no suggestion that the party, headed by ; Brezhnev, should improve the work being done by Kosygin's state agencies. But the Rravda editors doctored the speech to make Demichev declare that the party is undertaking "measure to improve the state agencies »nd to carry out more consistently the democratic principles of their work." Since Pyotr Demichev is one of the chief Soviet ideologists, a surgical operation on his work must have involved a high-level deci- ffon. There were other changes in the printed version dfjthe speech, For instance, where Demichev''laid/the aggression in Viet Narn to the United jStates as a whole, the Pravda ver- sion was careful to distinguish between "US. imperialists" and other Americans, which would presumably leave the door open for diplomatic juggling. The implied reproof to Kosygin in the editorial changes in the Demichev speech could indicate sober second thoughts about the abil- itv of the Soviet economy to sustain major aid to North Viet Nam in case of an escuhted war in Asia. It wasn't so long ago that Kosy- gin was getting the headlines as he toured East Asia. He promised Soviet aid in Hanoi, he spoke in a warlike vein in China. But Kosy- gin has not been getting the headlines in recent weeks, just a month ago Pravda announced the members of a combined party-government delegation chosen to go to Warsaw to sign a new treaty of friendship between Poland and the Soviet Union. Brezhnev was the head of the group. It was later revealed that Kosygin went along with the delegate, but as an unannounced ordinary member. Ft would be straining the evidence to assume that the "collective leadership" symbolized by the Brezhnev-Kosygin duo is about to come to an end. But what is apparent, both trom Brezhnev's analysis of the agricultural crisis and the Pravda indication that: the Communist party is dissatisfied with the performance of Kosygin's state agencies, is that Russian internal problems are harrying the party membership. No doubt the Russians can afford to st-nd some technical military help and ground- to-air missiles to protect the industrial ring around Hanoi. But a big commitment would presumably be frowned upon by the at least temporarily careful Brezhnev. Meanwhile, among the east European satellites of the Soviet Union, only the Kadai government in Hungary has offered "volunteer" help to North Viet Nam This could be Kadar's peculiar way of protesting his loyalty to Moscow, for certainly Hungary has nothing tangible to give to any Asiatic country. The Budapest government has obliquely admitted a farm crisis by blaming widespread crop losses on an infestation of mice. Apparently even the cats in Hungary are on strike. "What's Mine Is Mine; What's Yours Is Negotiable!" Today in World Affairs By DAVID LAWRENCE WASHINGTON—Maybe lots of icople don't like to read what appened in yesteryears, and ven some members of Congress vould prefer to forget what heir own government did in rises quite similar to those that are happening today. But, by oincidence, former President Harry S Truman had his 81st irthday a few days ago, and his \sioned a re-reading of VI r. lan's two volumes of ne ;, certain pages of vhL «. line American foreign polic. words that read as if hey had been written in 1965 n relation to Vietnam and the Dominican Republic. Mr. Truman was faced by a Crisis in Greece and Turkey in 946 and 1947. Both countries aised problems more than 3,000 niles away from our shores. The wo nations were being challenged by Communist threats from vithin and without. Isolationists merged at the time in America o urge that the United States ceep hands off. Mr. Truman, iowever, said to Congress and o a nationwide radio audience n 1947: •h -to <r I believe that it must be the p o 1 i c y of the United States to lupport free peoples who are resisting attempted subjugation by armed minorities or by outside pressures. I believe that we must assist free people to ork out their own destinies in .heir own way." On April 5, 1947, at a Jefferson Day Dinner, Mr. Truman declared: We must take a positive stand. It is no longer enough merely to say, 'we don't want war.' We must act in time— ahead of time—to stamp out the smoldering beginnings of a n y conflict that may threaten to spread over the world." The Communists today have af- erican aid would prove their undoing. They made every effort, therefore, to secure a victory before our aid might bee o m e effective. There was no doubt that the rebels were masterminded from the satellite countries." Mr. Truman had his troubles getting support from the United nations. An investigating commission of the U. N. had formally reported on June 25, 1947, that Albania, Bulgaria and Yugoslavia — Communist - bloc countries—had supported guerrilla warfare in Greece. The United States proposed to the U. N. on July 29 a plan for aid to Greece and Turkey. But this failed in the Security Council. The U. N. General Assembly on October 21, however, passed it. The United States at that time had a friendly majority in the assembly. It does not have that kind of backing today. a a a The U. N. Charter itself permits collective action by individual members, and it was the trouble in Greece which led to president Truman's introduction of the Marshall Plan of economic aid to Europe and subsequently the proposal for the North Atlantic Treaty, which enabled the United States to furnish substantial military aid not only to the original signers of the treaty but also to other countries such as Greece and Turkey. Neither the Marshall Plan nor the NATO Treaty required any participation by the U. N. Both projects were regional arrangements, analogous to the "Alliance for Progress," and the "O r g a n i z a tion of American States." The objectives now are the same as were championed by the United States nearly 20 years ago. For what was known then as the "Truman Doctrine" has its counterpart today in the "Johns o n The National Whirligig *> M«Clnr« N>»sp«t*«i •jmttlmtel By ANDREW TULLY WASHINGTON — I tell you, I don't know what to do with our Presidents. As candidates, they break their necks and exhaust an entire nation trying to get into the White House, and once they unpack and set up shop in Lincoln's bedroom they c a n't wait to get back home. Now we've got Lyndon Johnson, who ran last fall like he wanted to be elected unanimously, complaining that while the the White House rrjay be a fine place to visit it's an awful place to live. It seems there are alwa y s tourists underfoot and the First Lady filling the place with ladies talking about daffodils. And when the planes from National Airport zoom overhead at 6 a.m. Johnson says he feels like he's in the middle of an air raid. Besides, there's always politician wanting to see People's Forum ANTI FIREARMS BILL Editor Daily Globe: The article that appeared in The Daily Globe Monday, May 10, "Anti-Firearms Bill Opposed by Conservation Director" I read with great interest. I am for use of firearms in a proper way, but this D o d d Bill, as it is called, or Senate Bill 1592, has more to it than appeared in this article. I read last year after the Kennedy assassination that enacting this so- some him when he should be reading reports on Viet Nam or trying to understand the latest cloak-and- dagger dispatch from the Central Intelligence Agency, a A -ct COMMON COMPLAINT — Johnson feels he could get more work done in Texas, where there aren't so many people and no regular tourist tours of his ranch and, apparent 1 y, fewer ladies interested in daffodils. At last count, there had been no decrease in the Lone Star State's considerable census of politicians, but the President apparently feels he can handle that bunch. Johnson's complaints point up a grave problem for the taxpayers. He is not the first President to look upon the White House with lack-luuster eye; indeed, his attitude follows a modern pattern. The President who didn't seem to mind living in the White House was Herbert Hoover, and unfortunately he only stuck around for four years. TRUMAN'S 'PRISON" — Even though handicap p e d, Franklin D. Roosevelt spent as much time as possible at H o t Springs, Ga.. or Hyde Park whenever he wasn't conferring with some foreign big shot at Cairo or Yalta. Harry Truman called the White House a "big prison," and escaped as often as possible to Independence or Key West or to the Presidential yacht for a night of bourbon and poker with his pals. Truman liked it fine when he had to move into Blair House for more than a year while the White House was being renovated. Dwight D. Eisenhower Just couldn't stand the White House at all. He dropped in for a few days at a time, but mostly he ran the country from Denver, Palm Springs, Gettysburg and Augusta, Ga. During his two administrations, the press corps, not entirely in jest, always referred to the Executive M a n- sion as the "Temporary White House." And if you wanted to find Jack Kennedy, you had to go to Cape Cod or Palm Beach. * ft * RENT IS F.REE — It is plain that when a candidate asks the electorate to send him to t h e White House, he really doesn't mean it. lt'3 merely a figure of speech. What he wants is for the voters to elect him Presid e n t so he can live anywhere BUT the White House. This, of course, Is confusing because the White House is not a bad pad, even with all the lights turned out, and a man living there doesn't have to worry about getting up the rent every month. In fact, those of us who are not President are real proud of it. I have considered offer ing President Johnson my apartment. It's a little smaller than he's accustomed to, but the rent includes utilities, there's a swimming pool on the roof, and all the tourists are relatives. But I suppose it wouldn't do; you coudn't brain-wash more than a dozen or so Congressmen in my living room at one sitting. The best thing is to build a little vine-covered cottage—on wheels —for our Presidents, and turn the White House over to the YMCA. at the Memorial Building . . . . A veteran Stambaugh Hilltop- field Cardinal team a 5-2 set- called Bill will lead to a com- j pers tennis team handed Coach plete registration of all g u n s' F. W. Duffin's visiting Wake- and then when the proper time comes all guns will be confiscated by the Federal government as they will have all the information, which will then lead to an easy Communist takeover and the citizens of the great U.S.A. back. One hundred and fifty couples attended the J u nior Prom at the Luther L. Wright gymnasium. 20 YEARS AGO— Tempera- will have no protection for them- tures: High 50, low 30 selves. We, as citizens, The Ironwood high school tennis should write • team defeated Bessemer yester- to our congressman strongly op- day afternoon five matches to posing such a bill. The Michi- three at Bessemer obtained in the Louisiana Purchase. On this date: In 1851, the Erie Railroad was opened, from Piermont to Dunkirk, N.Y. In 1861, Gen. Ian was made George McLel- commander ol Regan conservation director is op- turns in the recent Easter seal the Army's Department of the Ohio. In 1915, the U.S. Secret Service was authorized to investigate violations of neutrality. In 1940, Nazi bombers poured death and destruction on Rotterdam. In 1945, American Army, posed to it, calling it a bad bill, sale conducted by the Gogebic Navy and Marine planes raided I obtained a lot of information county chapter of the Michigan the atoll of Jaluit in the Mar- from a paper called "Common Sense," Catholic Union, New Society for Crippled Childr e n i shall Islands.. amounted to $2,500.62, with fur- Jersey, and the Chicago Tribune, ther contributions expected, has had articles on it. I would urge readers to again read the article in The Daily Globe of May 9. Sincerely, GEORGE SIEVILA Record of the Past 10 YEARS AGO— tures: High 78, low Tempera- 51 . . . . Day in History By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Today is Friday, May 14, the 134th day of 1965. There are 231 days left in the year. Today's highlight in history: On this date in 1804, Capts. Meriwether Lewis and William Approximately. 600 store owners Clark pushed off on the Missouri and store clerks are expected River to reach the Pacific to attend the first annual 20th Ocean overland. The two Army Century Food Store Convention engineers and their party ac- and merchandising conferen c e , quired the first real knowledge being held in Ironwood Sunday I of what the United States had interfered in the internal ...,. , _ . ,,,_.,_.* fairs of the Dominican Republic poctrone," which in turn, is a ' logical sequel to the "M o n roe as well as Vietnam. In both cases, the existing governments, m , ,_, indicated plainly their need of I Tnus European powers coveting Doctrine" proclaimed in 1823. American help. The United the territory of existing govern- States was told by the Dominican government, for instance, that lives and property no longer could be protected. Obviously, the alternative was to mobilize an armed force from this country Mr. Truman had a similar experience when the Green situation took a serious turn. He tells in his book what happened in 1947: it H t, "Sizable guerrilla units had crossed the frontier from Albania. It appeared that they were aiming at the occupation of some larger communities that could serve as centers and asked him how large a part of our Mediterranean Fleet he might be able to move to Greek ports. Secretary Forrestal informed me that it would be entirely practicable to have a large part of the Mediter r a n e a n squadron shifted on short order. He expressed a belief that such a visit would have some different effect on the activities of the Communist guerrillas. . ." Mr. Truman didn't wait for the U. N. to act but he got sup- p o r t from the Congress, which passed a bill authorizing aid to Greece. He writes: "With this enactment by Congress of aid to Greece and Turkey, America had served notice that the march of Communism would not be allowed to succeed by default. "The Communist reb e 1 s in Greece and their accomplic e s north of the border realized, of course, that the arrival of Am- ments in Latin America were warned 142 years ago not to commit any acts of aggression in this hemisphere. This is still American foreign policy. (Copyright, 1965, New York Herald Tribune Inc.) A Daily Thought Love one another with brotherly affection; outdo one an other in showing honor.— Romans 12:10. No amount of ability is of the slightest avail without honor.—Andrew Carnegie. Ironwood Daily Globe Published evenings, except Sundays oy Glob* Publishing Company, 118 E. McLcod Avc., (ronwood, Michigan. Established Nov. 20. 1919, (Ironwood News-Record acquired April 16 1921 j [ronwood Times acquired May 23, 1946.) Second class postage wood, Michigan. paid at Iron- MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED I'RESS The Associated Press la entitled ex clusively to the use (or repubication of all the local newa printed In this newspaper, as well as all AP news dispatches. Member of American Newspaper Publishers Association, Interamerlcan Press Association, Inland Dally Press Association, Bureau of Advertising Michigan Press Association. Audi Bureau of Circulations. Subscription rates: By mat] within radius of 60 uill«s—per year, 10: six months. $5; three monthi, 13; on month, fl.SO. No mall subscription! sole to towns and locations where carrier service Is maintained. Elsewhere—pe, year. $18; one month. $1.50. All BOai subscriptions payable in ndvance.™By currier, £20.80 per year In advance; bj Uic week, to cent*. Ten years ago— Russia, Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Poland and East Germany signed a 20-year treaty of mutual defense—better known as the Warsaw Pact. Five years ago—Premier Nikita Khrushchev arrived in Paris for a summit conference which he broke off several days later over the U2 spy plane incident. One year ago — The United States tightened curbs on trade with Cuba, issuing an order requiring export licenses for the sale of food and drugs to the Castro government. The abbreviation AWOL stands for "absent without leave." Furniture With A Flair... for the modern look, for , provincial charm, the contemporary setting, find furniture here to fit your home's need. And because we buy in quantity, we're able to pass quality discounts on to you! Drop in... we're looking forward to pleasing you! KETOLA'S SUFFOLK ST. Dial 932-1832 IRONWOOD

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