S 'jj-IvSfc^^ flr ITION COMPLBTK-ASSOCiATlb MISS LtASIb WINK . THE ORRVrNKWipAPtR OP THE SOUTHERN SAN JOAQUIN 'VALLEY FULL AND KXOLUSIVK UMITKD Mm ItirOKT LAST EDITION 18 PAGES BAKERSFJEL0, CALIFORNIA, THURSDAY, JANUARY 5, 1933 TWO SECTIONS No. 136 t Pres. Green Says Strike Will Be Employed if Necessary t ,v FEELS PERSUASION HASN'T SUCCEED. " » i Vf*^? t ll f ' V* Declares Shorter tjmfa Must Come to Absorb Idle Millions.^ • (United ''" "-Labor IB ™ prepared to use ita "economic force" if necessary to enforce the five-day, 30-hour week in (industry, President William Green,'of. the American Federation of Labor told a Senate Judiciary subcommittee today. Green .appeared at" the hearing, on. the Black bill to, enforce the ehorter work week. >He-said the majority of employers' refuftd "to In^e .tlio factej^and-sa.Jd th'ajilabor, ' If .legislation 1 and 'otlier 'meVhs" fallep, would cajl: strikes to, enforce » 'decrease In working hours. Will support Any Plan ,. , "We are so firmly convinced of, the necessity for the five-day, 30-hour week," he > said; "that wo "are prepared to support any plan to bring it about, .either through. legislation, persuasion, or through using our'eco- nomic force to compel employers to ailopt it." ; , Chairman Norris asked how labor Kvuld employ force. ••"..;.' "By calling strikes where the' tf men are organized," Green replied. "That's the only way organised labor -has ever obtained wage Increases and better standards.''. "That meana • terrible struggle," Norris said. v ' Green agreed, but added that ein.- "ploybrs had refused to take action, and that the application of the shorter ' vi ik week In a few industries had no effect on the general' situation. , Five-Day Week Neeeieary He said mechanisation of industry had progressed to euch ~a point where only a five-day week program woulc prevent formation of a "permanenl standing army of unemployed." "I am firmly convinced," he declared; "that the shorter work day and work week must be applied to Indus• tn> generally and universally If we are going to create a work opportunity fcr millions of men -and women who are. : out of, Johnson's Speech Interests England (Associated Preo Leased Wire) '.IjONDON. Jan. 5.—Newspapers gave considerable space to Senator Hlrun Johnson'.G. arraignment of France ani other -nations which defaulted their debt payments to the United States "today but did not comment. ! Neither •WP* there comment forthcoming from government officials. ADVERTISERS' INDEX . ALTA VISTA.LINCOLN MAftKIT I A. A P. MAHKET I BAKCMFIELO OROOCNW ( • HOCK. MALCOLM. COMPANY......... S • ROOK, MALCOLM, COMPANY IS • ROCK, MALCOLM. COMPANY 19 CALIFORNIA WATER SERVICE 19 HARRY OOFFK... '.. J EASTERN OUTFITTING COMPANY 12 FIXES GROCERY.( 7 FOX CALIFORNIA.... 10 FOX THEATER......" IR FRANKLIN OLASS COMPANY 19 OALLAHER'8 MARKET 7 GOODNIGHT, DR 19 GRANADA THEATER It HARRISON'S 1. 14 HOTEL EL TEJON .10 I. Or A. STORES 7 KENTUCKY MARKET... ,. 7 KIMBALL a STONE : ....10 LEMUCCHI GROCERY 7 MONTBOMERV WARD & COMPANY....18 NATIONAL MARKET 7 NILE THEATER 10 PlLNS MARKET...... 6 PHILLIPS MUSIC COMPANY 10 PRICH4RO AUTO SERVICE...- 4 REDLimi'S 10 HEX THEATER ID RMLTO TH EATER 10 8; A S,'MARKET , 7 SAFEWAY STORES 4 SECURITY MARKET C SMITH. RALPH 1.. GROCERY S SPRINODALE MARKET 4 STINSON'S MARKET 7 UNITED IKON WORKS I VAN METER, DR..... 4 VIRfllNIA THEATER 10 WALK-OVER SHOP, BROTHERS' 19 WASHINGTON MARKET,... 7 WEILL. A., INC... B WESTERN AUTO SUPPLY.., It WIL-SAV-U MARKET. 7 WITMAM »., SOOTH .10 Sens. Glass and Long Clash Over Foriwer's Bank Re form Measure Borah Statement on Debts Pleases Paris Newspaper ( Associated Press Leased Wlrt) . ; PARIS, Jan. 0.—United States Senator Borah'* statemefit In the debt debate' In the Senate yawVj terday, as quoted here thif .Prance* Is right In believing her^ •elf Justified In concluding that If she abandoned her part of the reparation she could count .en re. adjustment of her debt, .generally • , Vfae, given prominence today In ' the,-French preee. Le"LTei«pe,eald the statement la ofltho utmost Importance aa jua- tWylng^en* of the prlnolpal French arguments. Legislation proposed by Senator Hiram Johnson, It said, preeente, threats of no practical value and only aggravates differences. '" OUTLAWS INVADE PIUS RESIDENCE Two : Bandits Rob District tprney and, of ?112 Cash (Unitt*'prc.ss Leased ANGELES, Jan, 6.—The most alert mlnda of the police department were assigned today to the job of trailing a pair of brazen young bandits who Invaded the home of District Attorney Buron Fltts last night and robbed him, tils personal bodyguard and dinner guests of $112. "The robbers accomplished their purpose over the oratorical protests of the district attorney who' attempted to talk them into leaving. Their reply to his announcement he was the district attorney .drew a sneer. : "We don't care who you are—all we want Is your dough," they said. Fltts and hie wife were • enter- talntng hie 'sister and-brother-in- law, Mr. and Mrs. Leo Davis,'tho letter's 8-year-old niece, Mary Lou Spear, a friend, L. R. Foster and J. A, Shunk, the prosecutor's bodyguard. They were Just rising from the table when .the rear doorbell rang. Shunk, who answered It, looked into the barrel of a revolver. The bandits,.silencing him with a thrust of the gun, took $70 from his wallet and n pearl-handled knife. Pushing him Into the dining room, the robbers ordered Fltts and his party to throw up their hands. "What's the matter with you ' beys," Fltts Inquired. "Out of work? Need a little money 1 This Is dangerous, you know." "You're d— well right-we do," one replied sarcastically. . ' The district attorney was forced to hand over $2 he had In his pocke< and $40 wan obtained'from Davis. The pair then backed out of the room and fled with a confederate who waited outside in a car. • After their departure, Mrs. Fltts collapsed. She said' she feared the Intruders had come to assassinate. her husband. WARNER BROS. SUED FOR.FUGI1E DRAMA Pre§» tested "Wire) • ATLANTA, Jan. ' D. — Two damage suits' for n, 000,000 each were fl)ed In City Court hero today against AVarner Urothers Pictures, Inc., and Vltaphone Inc., as producers and distributers o the, film "I Am a Fugitive Vrom'-'n Chain Gang," based on the book of Robert Klllott Burns, fugitive from Georgia. , , The BultH were filed by. J. Harold Hardy, warden of the Troup county cha^n gang, frorn which Bums last escaped, and Paul .Phillips, warden of the "Campbell county chain gang, from which Burns - made his first escape after serving only a short time following a conviction for robbery. , 4 « » Brazil to Renounce 1851 Amazon Pad (Aisooiated Prett Leased Wire) RIO DE JANEIRO. Braall, Jan. C.— The Brazilian government, it • wag learned today, has decided to renounoi the treaty of 1SB1 respecting free navl gallon on the Amazon, and will ostab llsh a blockade on the river. No official explanation, of . the de clston M-aa given, but It waa assumed this development arose from the dlB pute between Colombia and Peru over the Letlcla territory which abutg th i Brazilian frontier. By LYLB C. WILSON .- (Untied Preii leatei Wire) TfTABHINOTON, Jan. 6.—The Loui- Wsiana Klngflsh outgeneraled the Virginia Cavalier today in the clash jetwetn Senator Long, Democrat, lOulslana, and Senator Glass, Demorat, Virginia, over the la tier's bank eform bill. v Long obtained the floor when the lenate convened .and, refusing to yield o the veteran financial expert, denounced portions of the bill as nefarious and agninst public policy. Long obtained' recognition before Olass reached the' chamber. After n quorum .call, 'the Virginian sought recognition. . He flushed when In- ormed Long' had outmaneuvered him. . "Will the Senator from Louisiana •leld to the Senator from Virginia?" nqulred Vice-President Curtis. "I'll yield for a,question only," replied Long. ' 'I thought I had the floor," QIa'sa irotested, It being-the Senate custom o permit a sponsor of legislation to nake the first address. Senate Startled ' "I happen to know a great deal more Ubout branch banking than the Sena- or from Virginia known about it," jong informed' a Senate startled by ils challenge to Glass' export knowledge. Long .offered an amendment to the >lll to prevent federal reserve member bank* frorn , operating- branches oU$Bid^t»ie'<!ttjr.',o:5'4y^.M which the motfier Jjank' does/1iUsin«i|s, -The", Mil would permit member bankKitOr,bpeW. ate- statei.wide -branches. ,-Long' oharged.- that the controller- of ^ currency ; had permitted branch- banking 'in violation Measure Will Go to Full Judiciary Committee of Seriate PROTECTION GIVEN EVERY COMMUNITY (Continued on Page Seventeen) Dry Yankee Wit Would Flash Out at Unexpected Times " and Places (United Press Lenied wire) WASHINGTON, Jan. 6.—In spite of his traditional silence, Calvin Coolldge left more anecdotes behind him than any other president since Theodore Roosevelt. His spare, dry Yankee wit flashed out most unexpectedly.- During his time it was a dull week in Washington that did not give birth to some new sly remark from the so- called silent man in the White House. He, like Mr. Hoover, had his troubles with the war debt question. Once when an argument for cancela- tlon was being made -to htm, he listened patiently awhile an.d then cut in. "They hired the money, dldnt they?" he aek«d. v That line ha* ended more debt arguments, and started more, than any single remark since the war. Coolldge regularly went to .church here. ....'.One Sunday-Mrs. Coolldge remained at the White House. Afterward at Sunday dinner she asked htm what the minister preached 'about "Sin," Mr. Coolldge replied. "What did he aey about ItT" hie wife aeked. "He was agalnat It," Mr. Cool- Idge anawered. Olio hostess here boasted that she would make Mr. Coolldge talk. At dinner she cornered him. "Oh, Mr. President," she cooed, "I have made a bet that I can make you say at leaat three words." "You lose," Mr. Coolldge replied. Congress Given Authority to Legislate Against Return of Saloon (Associated Press Leased Wire) WASHINGTON, Jan. 5.—The Sen- w ate judiciary subcommittee, charged with study.of prohibition repeal proposals, voted today in favor of a resolution for repeal of the controverted amendment. Acting with unprecedented speed, the committee, headed by Elaine of Wisconsin, agreed' t,o report a repeal resolution for submission to state Legislatures with , protection for dry states' uni} authorization for Congress .'.legislate agalnut'.return of. the.ua- -^"r-> r ~" - . Vote,la 4 to 1 4 V The vote, was, in effect, 1 to'l, with the subcommittee agreeing unanimously to approve the resolution, but Senator Borah, Idaho, Republican, and long a dry leader, reserving tho right to oppose It on the floor. Other'members of the subcommittee., all of whom favored tho measure with some reservations, were Blalne; Hebert, Republican, Rhode Island; Walsh, Democrat, Montana; and Dill, Democrat, -Washington. ' The final vote camo In an executive session of less than half an hour. Text of Resolutions ... The text" of-the resolution da"up- proved follows:' "Resolved,- f by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America, in Congress assembled (two-thirds of each House 'concurring therein), that the following amendment Is-'hereby proposed to the Constitution of the United States which shall be valid to all Intents aik purpose3 as part of. tho Constitution when ratified by the Legislatures of three-fourths of the several states: Article XX "The Klghteenth article of amendment of the Constitution of the'Unlted Statea. is hereby amended to read as follows: "Section 1. The Eighteenth amendment to the Constitution Is hereby repealed. "Section 2. The transportation or importation Into, any state, territory or possession of the United States for delivery or use therein of Intoxicating liquors, In violation of the laws thereof, Is hereby prohibited. Section 3 ' "Section 3. Congress shall have concurrent power to regulate or prohibit the' sale of Intoxicating liquors to be drunk on tho .premises where sold." It was the first time since nutlona prohibition became effective' 18 years (Continued on Page Seventeen) SAD TO WIN COMMENT BY WILL ROGERS BCVCRLY HILLS, Jan, 6.— (To the Editor of The •akorafleld Californium) Been stirring around the etudle eo fast sines New Years that I never did get a chance to talk to you about our New Years football game at the Rose Bowl. Andy Melton's boye from Pitta- burg played U. i. C. The ecore was 35 to 0. But I don't want you to think those Pennsylvania Republicans didn't do better than the score shows. The high light was a Pitt- man had his pants tore off, the same as a Notre . Dame man did • few weeka ago, These old grapefruit aqulrters from out here In California beat you and then tosr the breeches off you. Wo got a man out hero coaching, named Jones, that would take the Senate page boye and beat Harvard, Princeton and - Yale with 'em. Yours, WILL ROGERS. > (Associated Press Leased Wirel WASHINGTON, Jan. B.—Condition In the coal mining • region of north t-rn West Virginia were described U u Senate committee today by n rep resentatlve of tho United Mine Work ere of America us "moro deplorable' now thnn at any time In history. The witness, Van A. BlUner, o Falrinoimt, West Virginia, urged en actrnent of the La Follette-Costlgan ?600,000,000 unemployment relief bil nnd also of the Dnvls'-Kc-lly blll-fo itfitmizitlon of bituminous cool Indus try. Citing out-throat- competition, low price* and low wages, Blftner said: "With these terrible conditions con fronting us we »are faced with th double barreled proposition' of no only feeding the unemployed miner and their families, but also relieving those who are 'at work, due to th starvation wage standard In effect." "Funds ure Inadequate and Instoai of conditions getting better In th Mtumlnous mining Industry; they ar getting worse." • 'When Blttnar concluded, Sena to La Folletto .(Republican, Wisconsin .asked,, ''What happens to these sma communities when the mines are shu down? '•'';, t'Qod only knows how those peopl get '.along,'.' he replied. "I've knowi hundreds of families that haven't .ha,' a thing to. eat but just (lour un water rnlxod up and baited -uo bee tlity could bake It,." Former President Called CALVIN COOL)DOE Sketcli ttf Coolidges Life '. (Associated Press teased Wire')' B ORN and reared' |h'• (.ho hiinible surroundings, of a .Vermont farm, Calvin Coolldge was destined to'-go by successive steps, to the highest and mightiest'office of a great nation, to administer Its affairs for six years and to terminate his presidential career virtually of his own volition. To the vice-presidency nnc) to the presidency, he brought a shrewd common sense, a quiet personality,-in vivid contrast with some of .his predecessors, a keen native wit and many homely likes and dislikes retained from his New England boyhood. Among his supporters he Inspired an ardent admiration nnd from his political opponents ho often-received the bitterest denunciations. But there were, nevertheless, many In the latter group who valued his friendship and liked'to smoke a cigar with him and talk things over. -Reaching the presidency upon tho death of Warren G. Harding in 1923, Mr. Coolldge was confronted with problems *of rehabilitation arising from the World Wur and the depression of 1021, and almost at once the countrV was shaken by the scandals Vhlch were revealed in the naval oil leases, the justice department and the office of tli* custodian of alien property. ' Rode Out Storms With serenity and calmness he rode out these storms and ineanwhUo In- btjluted' a policy of governmental economy and mutual helpfulness In assisting Europe to work out Its postwar, problems. Such was the SUCCOHE of this program that when he ran for BODY DISCOVERED BY WIDOW; HEART MALADY IS FATAL preHldeiil In 1924...he ^was, returned to office ny a popular plurality of 7, 000,000, the greatest that'had been ac corded 11- candidate for the president} up to that time Tho manner of his leaving the preHl- dency armu ii u national Interest comparable with that of his Induction Into that office by liln father .In a lamp-lit room of tho hitter's Vermont farm home. Mr. and Mrs. Coolldgo on the afternoon of the Inauguration of Herbert Hoover, his successor, left Washington for their old home In Northampton, MHBB., to . occupy the same modest house where they started life In 1905, when Mr. Coolldgo commenced .hlfl public career as city solicitor of that municipality. Magasine Writer As early as the spring of 1927 there was widespread opinion that If Mr. Cooltdge wished to bo re-elected .he had only to Indicate It. By his own confession, this view was shared by Mr. Coolldge himself, regardless of the popular tradition that a president must retire after Me second term. In a magazine article published after his retirement, .Mr. Cooltdge declared he wanted to retire for several reasons which he proceeded to enumerate. First of all, there was his own health and that of Mrs. Coolldge. "It. Is hasardous," ho wrote, "to attempt what we feel Is beyond our strength." In addition, ho considered It Impossible for one man to serve successfully In the presidency for more than •eight years as a review of the careers (Continued on 1'oge Two) Congress Adjourns Out of Respect to Ex-Pres. Coolidge (United Prc»« Leaned XTORTHAMPTON, Mass., Jan. 5.—Calvin Coolidge, thirtieth president of the United States, died suddenly today at his home in Northampton. He succumbed, according to physicians, to.-.a- heart attack that had developed while he was at his Main street law office, and he died alone—in his bedroom.' Mrs. Coolidge, returning from a shopping trip, discovered the body at 1:15 p. m. Mr. Coolidge Itad been in his usual good health, so far as his family knew. This morning he left his home in time to reach his office as usual, at 8:30 a. m. He was greeted there by his former law partner, Ralph W. Hemenway, who remarked that he appeared to be "as sound as ever. . He worked steadily for about an hour and a half and then, accompanied by his secretary, Harry Ross, left for the Cool- *idge homestead, The Beeches. He left his secretary downstairs for a while before noon. Ross continued his work downstairs, and did not accompany the former president. Shortly after noon, Mrs. Coolidge, who had been shopping, returned to the house and inquired for her 'husband. She went upstairs and there in his bedroom, .made the tragic discovery. Heart Malady Dr. Edward -W. Brown, medical examiner, was summoned.and,'after examination of the body, said Mr. Coolidge had died of heart disease, and that death occurred probably half an hour before discovery of the.body. The news of Mr. Cooltdge's death broke with ntunnlns; suddenness over this quiet town. It waa almost unbelievable under the circumstances of the former president's quiet life in th* midst of the Bconea and people whom ho loved. ,* f; ', Tho four yenra ..since he-surrendered the duties of the presidency' had been spent comfortably. The summer had ' been restful, with few business cares and almost no political activities to Intrude upon his comfortable and non- exacting exlutence. ' A. greater part of the summer was spent at the Coolldge ancestral homestead at Plymouth, Vt., whore he first took the oath of office while his late father, Colonel John Coollds;*,'held the Bible. Hunting and Fishing Here he did nome hunting and dishing, wrote a llttlu, left occasionally to attend a muetlns; of directors In New York, but for the most part merely "rested." In recent weeks ho had found fur- ' thor Interest In hlti membership of the railroad commlsHlon to which he had ' beun appointed four months ago, and within the pnst month he had given considerable of his attention to the IntureatH Involved In that • organization. Although hlfi general health was regarded, as excellent, Mr. Coolidge hud buffered from hay fever for many years. During, his administration at Washington the ailment took the form of rose fever, and It wan reported Mr. Coolldgo would not week a second term hucuuNO of a desire to be In high. poU • lim-froe regions at Vermont during tha, hay fever Benson. An attack last summer, occurring about the Fourth of July, was particularly severe, and the former president was confined to his bed for two or three days. Hay Ftver Sufferer It was thought this hay fever attack may have weakened Mr. Coolldge'a heart. His name had been linked with many vacant postn In recent years, so much MILESTONES . Born July 4, 1»72, at Plymouth, Vermont. Reoelved preliminary education In ungraded school at Plymouth and at Black River Academy 'at Ludlow and St. Johnaburg Academy. Waa graduated ,at Amherat College In 1B90. In senior year wen gold medal In national competition for beat easay on causes of the Revolutionary War. Studied law In offlota of Hammond A Field at Northampten, Maaa., and began practice there. Entered polltlct aa member of Northampton common council, 1*00.01. City clerk of Northampton, 1*04. .Married Grace A. Qoodhue ef Burlington, Vt., October 4, 1M9. . Member Maaaachuaetts House of Representatlvee, 1tO7-Oi. Mayor ef Northampton, 1910-11. Member Maiaachuietts State Senate, ' 1112-18, president of the Senate In 1914 and 1*15. Lieutenant-governor chuaetta, 1916.17-11. of Massa- Blected governor of Maeiaohu- aetta, two terms, 1*19 and 1920. Elected vlce-prealdant of the United Statea In November, 1920. Became Preeldent of the United States August 3, 1923, upon the death of Warren G. Harding. Elected preeldent of the United States In November, 1924. While on vacation August 2, 1927, laaued famous statement, "I do not choose to run for President in 192S." Retired from preeldancy March 4, 1929, and resumed residence at Northampton, Mass. XWTASH1NGTON, Jan. 6.—President f» Hoover bowed his head in grief and CongreiH adjourned this afternoon on hearing-of the dentil of for- aner President Calvin Coolldge. The President, who learned of the passing while at -lunch at the White House with Secretary Stlmson. dispatched a formal -message to the House of Representatives in notification of -yie tragedy. He also arranged ±o attend the funeral. The Senate had already adjourned out of respect, and the House did so Immediately on hearing from the President the tribute that Mr. Cool- ldge had, made his lifetime "one of single devotion to our country and his has been a high contribution to the welfare of mankind." Flags of Capitol and White House were dropped to half staff. yice-Presldent Curtis, Speaker Garner, members-of the cabinet and one after another of members of the Ben- ate and House joined; In lauding the deeds of Mr. Cpalidge and mourning his passing. "Word us to funeral arrangements wore awaited, with members of the (Associated Prett Leaied Wire) national Legislature prepared to participate In a state funeral If one Is to be held. Thu shock extended Immediately ti/ both branches' of Congress, where preparations were nmde to adjourn Senate and House without delay In respect to the late leader. One of the first to comment was | Speaker Garner, who told newspaper I men: "I was very fond of Mr. Cool- ldge personally and knew him very well. He had many characteristics of an* outstanding Americanism." Vice-President Curtis told reporters "I was greatly shocked at the news at the death of former President Coolldg". His paiislntf will be mourned by the peoples of the world. He wan a strong man and had the confidence of the people. 1 ' ' ' , Senator McNary, of Oregon, said: "It is a tragic and national loss and the whole people.will regret it." Senate adjournment came within Just a mlnuta after Senator 'Carter Glass (Democrat, Virginia), who hud the floor, announced lu the membora (Ountinued on Payc Two) ROOSEVELT, STIMSON TO HOLD CONFERENCE (Amneiiated "ress krated Wire) • WASHINGTON, Jan. 5.—Prealdent- elect RooBevvlt has requested that Secretary Htlmson confer with him upon International nffulrH and President Hoover today inHdo arrangements for such a meeting to be held. No time was set for tho meeting between Mr, Roosevelt and tho secretary of state. The White House announced tho conference would be held at the convenience of the president-elect. Secretaries Stlmson and Mills of the treasury were in conferenc-e with the chief executive when word of Mr. ItooHevelt's request was given out. White House aides said they had no detalld as to the specific nubjects which Mr. Roosevelt wished to discuss, but 'It was assumed the agenda for the Informal meeting would include the subjects of war debts, disarmament and world economies. All have'been discussed directly between the President and president-elect. POULTRY MANAQKH DIES PORTUAND, Or«..,jHii. C. (A. P.)— E. J, DUi.n, 46, general mniuiKor nf the Pacific, Co-operative Poultry Producer«, . died here today from lu- fluoilEU. . ' -••.'.- (Continued on Page Tiqp) THE WEATHER San Pranolftco bay region: Partly cloudy tonight nnd t'rlday; moderate temperature; local fogs In morning; gentle variable winds. Northern California: Pair In south and partly cloudy In 'north portion tunlirht und Friday; unsettled with snows over mountains itnd probably rain on coast of extreme north portion; normal temperature; local fogs and frosts in morning; gentle variable w|ndn offshore. Sierra Nevada: Partly cloudy tonight and Pi-May; but unsettled with Know flurries over northern ranges; little change in temperature; moderate westerly .winds. Sacramento and Santa' Glara valleys: Partly cloudy, tonight and Friday; local fronts nnd fogs iu mornfng; gentle variable winds. San Joaquln valley: Fair tonight and Friday; local fogs and froata night and morning; light variable wind. Southern California: Kulr. ajid mild tnnlsht and Ti'rlday; gentl* northerly winds offshore. \ LJ> '). f*.
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