Cumberland Evening Times from Cumberland, Maryland on October 17, 1955 · Page 4
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Cumberland Evening Times from Cumberland, Maryland · Page 4

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Monday, October 17, 1955
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FOUR EVENING TIJUES,. CUMBERLAND, Mb., MONDAY, OCTOBER 17, Dial PA-2-4600 ,for • WANT Ap Taker A WMSTU CLASSIC Kvtrr Ailmwn cnc.pl want •«„ •""••; Motnlnt rubllihcd bj Tat rimti «n<) *»«J«I" 0»" MM. 1-> South Mechanic St.. CMmb.rl.iHl 114. Entered •• .ftond cl»; mill m«li« .1 Cumb«rl«4. Mil-yl«nd. undel Ihe Icl ol *""> '• "" MemViet ol Iht Midi! But«a« 01 ClrcoUUw Member ol Ih« AuocHled Prc" DIM I'A 8-4600 ^^ Werkly lub.crtptlon rale bj Cirritra: One w«» Evenins only J6c: Evenlni nmn pet copj let Eicnlnj »ni) Sundjy tlmei «c pel <rte*i «un4«» Times only. IQc per copy Hull Subscription Rilei Erenlni Tlm«i lit. 2nd. Sri and (Ih Poiul Zonel, 11 U Month 17.00 Sli Monlhi - »«•<» One V««i Slh, 6lh, lib «d nib Poiul Z»ne> H.SO Month - W.50 Sij Month, - I17.IW On. Vw Mill Siibicriptlon Run Sunday Hmei Onlj in. 2nd. Srd and (tl P«'l«l Z»n" M On« Month - H.On Sli Honth« K.«> One *••» Sth, 6th, lib ind 8lb t'oital Zoo" .80 Out Month - I3.6U SH Moulhl • 17.10 Ont '••* •Jhe Evenlnt rimes «nd Sundty Tlmei mum. m (inanclal responsibility loi lyporrjphlcal unit l> advertiteraenu but will reprint that part ol aa advertisement In ••kicb Ib. typoiraphlcal «rr« occurs, errors muit b« reported tt one.. ^ Monday Afternoon, October 17, 1955 Struggle For Power SINCE STALIN DIED the Russian leaders have sought to' make a great thing out of the so-called "collective rule" that supplanted the dictator. They have talked of it almost as if it were some kind o£ glorious democratic phenomenon. Actually, in the view of most experts on the Soviet Union, the committee rule that developed was sheer necessity, nothing .more. No one man was sufficiently powerful to pick up Ihe scepter dropped by Stalin, and rule without challenge.. The committee structure was just a facade, however, behind which the struggle began lor Stalin's power. The first victim of that battle was Beria, head of the secret police. The second was Malenkov, the nominal head of government until this year. And now Molotov, the tough, practiced diplomat, the "Old Bolshevik," is being pushed down. ALL THESE MOVES have been accomplished through the rising might of Khrushchev, secretary of the Communist party. He began his real climb soon after Stalin's death, when he replaced Malen- kov as top man in the party. Malenkov's dramatic stepping down showed the world the real shape of the internal struggle. Mplotuv has not resigned but merely confessed "error." But of course this is more than enough in Russia io damage his position seriously. 'It is very possible he is being kept in his spot as foreign minister because Russia has no one else so skilled in advancing the Communist cause at the council table. Neither Mal- enkov nor Molotov are being liquidated in the old Red style. This might be because in admitting error they have in effect destroyed themselves as power wieldcrs. It might also be because the Russians know they cannot impress the outside world as smiling peacemakers ii they, eliminate (heir opponents with dum-dum bullets. There seems to be no quqeslion that Krushchev's position has been further advanced by what Molotov has done. But the bulky parly secretary is' not yet so firmly fixed that he can dispense with the appearance of committee rule, nor with the figure of Premier Bulganin standing in front of him. NO ONE OUTSIDE the Kremlin can be sure exactly what Krushchev's relations with the Red army arc at this time. Bulganin's presence high in the picture suggests some dependence by Krushchev on the military. It suggests also that the final showdown, telling whether or not Krushchev is to become a true dictator and Stalin's successor, will be fought between him and the army. Again and again speculation has it that Marshal Zhu- kov represents the military in this potential combat. Time will show if it is so. The eyes "of the world will be fastened now on the popular Soviet general and the army's political factotum, Bulganin, to see whether the military has the will and the strength to resist Krushchev. New Type Plane IN RECENT YEARS commercial air•planes have been outgrowing the'airports. Planes are built so large that only a few airports are equipped to accommodate them. The frequent result is that passengers and goods have to go long distances simply to make plane contact. To remedy this situation a new transport plane which can lake off and . land at small airports is about to go into production. Designed to use the principle of more wing lift instead of more power, this four-engined transport will be able to take off in 1.000 feet at less than 55 miles an hour and clear a 50-foot obstacle in doing so. Its manufacturer, the Frye Corporation, claims it will be able to operate out of small unpaved airports and use relatively soft and unimproved runway surfaces. While it will never take the place of large transport planes, it can serve as a link with industries and people in small communities which cannot afford huge airports. Such a plane would add new flexibility to the routing of aircraft and make the convenience of air travel more accessible than it is now. News /// Red Fashions RUSSIA'S "NEW ERA" of friendship and frankness is producing some astonishing developments. Not long ago the Jicds were claiming they invented everything and had the best of everything. Now the Soviet Union's top fashion experts, touring in Britain to pick up tips on foundation garments, admits: "We're bringing up the rear, and we know it." Since she has opened the way for a frank discussion of Soviet fashion, we'll have to second hci motion. The fact is, the best- dressed Soviet ladies look as if they had been outfitted from grandmother's trunk. The worst can hardly bo distinguished Irom bundles of laundry. rnA'rs -me. -fue FIRST <?u/\rvref* OMLY FOR-me PRIVATE-use OF OUR LIST6NING AUOIENCE MK. IF HE" SHOULD PLAY SAFe AMD OFF THE FOOTBALL io-n Cop»(i9ht, Nt» Tori H«roM Tribunt Inc Whitney Bollon Looking Sideways Hal Boyl* AP Reporter NEW YORK — I lavih'i nothing else to do, and having exhausted (he game of counting'white horses and red-haired women to see which predominates (it's, red-haired wo- . men), you invent a new game. You stand at the corner of Broadway and 49th Street an I bet yourself eight 'to five that seven out of ten passing females of any age between three and 9,3 will be wearing something In the Black Watch tartan. In 30 minutes, you win. Nothing has come along since man jongg, miniature golf, and David Crockett quite to equal the Black Watch fad. But all you can think of standing there is that America, even though you arc a flag waver on the same side of the street with George M. Cohan, can go real daffy when it sets its teeth into a fad. Thomas L. Stokes, D'Ewart Opposed As He Takes Interior Job WASHINGTON—The .interim appointment of former Hep, Wesley ti'Ewart as Assistant Secretary of Interior was among four commissions signed recently by President Eisenhower which were described as "non-controversial" by White House aides at Denver. To apply the "non-controversial" label to the D'Ewart appointment was found 'quite ironical by Democrats and conservation groups. In (ad the immediate reaction among them was 'to start preparing a fight against the nomination if it is submitted to the Senate for confirmation in January when Congress meets. The controversy is likely to ..be noisier than 'any thus far aroused in the Eisenhower Administration. hard and 1 bitter campaign, happens to be Chairman of the Senate Interior and Insular Affairs Committee which will-have jurisdiction In the D'Ewart nomination. INDEED, it is doubtful that any appointment could symbolize more grievances over Administration policies, both among Democrats and conservationists, nor dramatize more issues political and personal, than that of the former Republican House member from Montana. They include conservation of our public lands and national forests and management of Indian affairs, over which Mr. D'Ewart now has been given jurisdiction. His attitude on these issues has been criticized on the basis of his legislative record when in Congress. The grievances also range far alield to include. Ihe campaign tt.ctics of Vice-President Nixon in the 1954 Congross'onal election campaign, especially in the West, over which Democratic leaders still are resentful. The Vice-President becomes a factor in the D'Ewart case, so far as Democrats are concerned, because he campaigned for II.-. D'Ewart in the latter's unsuccessful effort to unseal Senator James E. Murray. Now Senator Murray, who won by only 1.728 votes after . SENATOR Murray terms the tactics used against him by the D'Ewart forces as "reprehensible." They included an eleventh-hour broadside distribution on doorsteps in Montana of a pamphlet entitled "Senator Murray And The Red Web Over Congress" which, though new Id Montanans, was familiar in olher states where it had been used in. previous campaigns against Democrats. 11 needed 'only the name change and a bit of- financing which was amply provided from the East and Texas. For his foray into Montana on behalf of.Rep. D'Ewart, the Vice- Prcsident pulled out his stock speech-of the 1&4 campaign with its insinuations that the Democrats are soft oh commuijism and Com- •munists and with its oratorical tricks devised for the unsuspecting and uninformed. He also campaigned in that same style against olher Democratic Senators in the West. Two of them—Senators O'Ma- honcy and Neuberger. were, like Senator Murray, victorious despite the Nixon campaign. Both also are on Senator Murray's committee. Consequently, it is being freely predicted nt the Capitol that the Vice-President and his 1954 campaign will somehow get into the public hearings over the D'Ewart nomination, especially -since the Vice-President now is first choice in the Gallup Poll for the Republican Presidential nomination if the President isn't a candidate. THE PRESIDENT also got into the 1954 .Montana campaign with a speech at Helena where he went nc- further than to call Mr. D'Ewart his "good friend." the stock pr;c- tice for a President when he mixes into Congressional elections. In a statement here, in which he said he had never been vindictive against political opponents in his 20 years in the Senate. Senator Murray cited the legislative record of former Rep. D'Ewart which is familiar here to those wiio follow conservation policies as the basis of his opposition f to confirmation. He mentioned first the bill sponsored by Rep. D'Ewart to give cattlemen vested rights 'for grazing in the public domain which, as recalled by those covering the public hearings, including this reporter. ' brought conservationists from all over the country upon the Capitol in vehement protest. Also. as. pointed out by Senator Murray, that measure was bluntly called "lousy" by Secretary of Interior McKay and it was killed. ANOTHER bill listed by the Montana. Senator, for which Rep. D'Ewart was floor manager as committee chairman though not the author,- would have permitted timber operators to swap private holdings for timber in national forests. After the baptism of denunciation from the House floor, another Montanan. a Democrat, Rep. Lee Metcalfe, described it as a measure to allow big timber operators "to change stumps for trees," it was sent back to committee. Senator Murray also pointed out that The National Congress of Indians adopted a resolution last month at Spokane urging Ihe President not to appoint Mr. D'Ewarl because his record "showed him unsympathetic toward the Indian people and their efforts to maintain their diminishing land base." Before Mr. D'Ewart took his . important Interior post he was an assistant .to Secretary of Agricul-- 'ture Ezra Benson. (Unltpcl rpature Syndicate, Inc.) Douglas Larscn FBI Fights To Keep Its Informants WASHINGTON— (NEA)-J. Edgar Hoover is waging a bitter and sometimes discouraging fight with the Communist party in the U. S. over the use of confidential informants. These confidential informants spent years of their lives working inside the Commie parly in the U. S. They kept the FBI interned of what was going on inside the party and account for'-lhe presence of scores of the Red conspirators being behind bars. These agents undoubtedly frustrated countless espionage plots against the U. S. They revealed to the public in dramatic form just how conspiratorial and sinister the Red plot against Uncle Sam really is. Bui Ihe trouble today is that the American public has a short memory. And the Communists, with their long memories, are clever. Hoover says of the situation: "Those now furthering the campaign of vituperation against witnesses say that the Communist menace is a myth created by those who testified against it. Therefore, to destroy the myth, they feel it is necessary to destroy the witnesses. They refuse to recognize the Communist enslavement of one-third of the world's people and one-fourth of the world's surface." TWO YEARS ago this reporter toured the U. S., writing what had happened to some of these undercover agents since their roles had been revealed by ^testimony in court. * The story was about the same for all of them. For a few months they were heroes. Then the Commies began retaliating and making life miserable for them generally. The group of those witnesses interviewed included Herb Philbrick, Mary Markwood, Angela Calomiris, Lloyd Hanilin, Berenicce Baldwin and others. Of this list only Herb Philbrick, with his book and TV series, can probably claim a net profit for his undercover work for the FBI. And this was in spite of bitter efforts by Ihe Reds to wreck him financially, destroy his marriage and harrassments which are still continuing. The others had not had a net gain financially from their FBI work and were being heckled by everything from dead rats hurled on their porches tn threatening phone calls in the middle of the nisht. History From The Times Files TEN YEARS AC.O October 17, 1915 Rep. J. Glenn Beall look action lo get local soldier home from Germany after receiving information from The Times that a young son was expected to die within three months from brain tumor. Mrs. Virginia Hates elected president of Carver High Parent-Teacher Association. TWENTY YEARS AGO October II, 19,15 Wayne Irwln, Frostburg, elected president of Young Peoples organization of Church q'f the Brethren of Western Maryland. Mrs. Boyd J. McWliortcr elected president of newly-organized Par- cnl-Toachcr Association of Moorefield High .School. Cornerstone of remodeled Ml. Zion Welsh Memorial Baptist Church laid at Frostburg. THIRTY YEARS AGO October 17, 1925 Judge Albert A. Doub elected president of Associated Charities. Christian Endeavor Society organized at Barrelvillc Presbyterian Church. J. K. Snydcr elected president of LnValc Parent-Teacher Association. i I'OHTY VKARS AGO Octnhcr 17, 1915 ' Thomas ./. Dillon elected president of newly-organized Democratic Club at Froslhurg, Harold C. Wickurd won prize In contest 'sponsored by The Times, Baltimore nnd Ohio Railroad Company announced phin (o con* struct bridge at Cumberland Street, FBI REPORTS that this kind of retaliation is continuing and that vicious campaigns , of character assassinations have been directed against them in their home towns and neighborhoods. The obvious motives of the Reds is lo destroy the credibility of those persons as future witnesses and to make them unwilling to face appearances in court. Hoover reveals: "The Communists, bent on weakening our American way of life, have now turned lo.enlist olher individuals -and groups lo convey propaganda designed to discredit truth. It is through the 'pscudo liberals' that the Communists do sonic of their- most destructive work. These fictitious liberals are (he individuals who through insidiously slanted and sly propagan- dislic writing conduct a one-sided campaign to discredit government witnesses." He adds: "Recently there has been a determined campaign designed to deprive law enforcement of Ihe use of the time-tested rfnd valued confidential informant. This campaign of vituperation is part and parcel of Communist strategy lo convert the courtroom into a forum to discredit Ihe judicial process." SOME OF these undercover agents have gone sour 'on the FBI. The most notorious is Harvey Mai- usow. He helped send several Commies lo jail with his testimony, then claimed t'.inl ll wns all a lie in a book which he later wrote. When the refuted testimony came before U. J. District Judge Robcrl E. Thomnson in' Texas he ruled lhal Mnlusow was Idling Ihe truth In his original testimony and with young Vincent Sardi for half an hour discussing everything from Black Watch faddists to hub caps on MG's, which amounts to less than a stunning conversation, but has a pleasantly relaxed unimportance about it exacting no effort from either side. Mr. Sardi announced with some pride that some women have had Ihe fortitude to ignore the Black Watch passion "and they are going in for a thing called Brown Watch, which I don'l think is a legal tartan but only some guy trying to make a buck for himself with a switch on a fad." While you talk, Miss Faye Emerson comes in dangling a Black Watch handbag and you decide thai enough is enough and gel out of there. THERE USED to be a lime when most women wanted lo dress individually and nol look like all olher women. Now they all wear Black Watch design' and look exactly alike. When Davy Crockett was a fad (along back Ihere maybe four months ago)" you could get -anything at all except, possibly, 'a cure for atblele's foot, which bore the Crockett |ahel. Now you' cap get anything at all except, possibly shoe laces, in the Black Watch tartan, i Which reminds yon that in the mail you received a $3 watch from your bride and she had painted it all black and put in a note: "Just so you, too, can wear something in. Black Watch. Almost got hit by a taxi in .Seallle yesterday but I knew I was sale. because I wouldn't be caught dead in anything concerning the Black Watch pattern." HAVING WON five dollars from .yourself, you see George Sololaire and 'Joe Di Maggio walking along and you join Ihem. Mr. Di Maggio is a little bewildered . because a lady walked up to him on Broadway and scolded. "You cost me a lot of money, you and your Yankee ball club." "Gee, 1 didn't even'play." Di Maggio told her. But she'remained wroth and wouldn't take any excuses. Di Maggio gets into a cab at 45th Street and Solotaire gets into another at 44th Street. You walk down 44th and into Tardi's and sit DRIVING home you listen to the news, which doesn't ignite anything at all, and you go home and read 10 pages of Proust, deciding that like Kafra he undoubtedly had talent but not Ihe kind of talent that reaches you. You decide, half asleep, lhal you are a guller-type intellectual and would rather read a comic strip than Marcel Proust and for that you surely will earn contempt'and contumely, the latter of which is especially hard to take when one has a sensitive nature. YOU ARE DEEP in sleep at 7:30 in the morning when (he telephone .rings and a voice says: "This is Bill Gargan and there is a party at my house out here and no one will g'o home and your bride would like to talk lo you." You wrench awake and realize it is only 4:30 in Los Angeles, a perfect hour for a don't-go-home parly, and you try to make sense with her and then she puts Pappy Gable on lor a minute and several others join in, and before it is over Gargan's telephone bill has grown Ihree heads, all unthavcd. You try to fall asleep when your twins come in and demand: "Who was that at this poisonous hour?" and you say: "It was your mother, who "is at a party in Beverly Hills." and they looked stunned and say: "Al Ihis lime of day? We're get- ling ready Jo go lo school. They mtisl be insane.". . . And you decide (hat children are often right. (McNauxhl Syndicate, Inc.) NEW HOLLAND, Pa.— What would life b» like if you owned no automobile, never drank , a beverage stronger than water, never attended a dance, movie or stage show, and lived in «• house that had no electric lights, radio or television set? "My life is happy," said Dav; Huyard, who lives in this manner. .He is a well-to-do, 48-year-old farmer who wears a neatly trimmed beard and in good weather likes to go about his acres barefooted. Huyard is an Amishman, a member of "the plain people," a religious sect whose members are dedicated to simple living and a high standard of conduct. The quaintly-garbed Amlshmcn and boys wear big-brimmed black hats, girls and women wear bonnets— are regarded by tourists to the Pennsylvania Dutch Country with a mixture of awe and amusement. No matter how odd the tourists look themselves, however, 'the Amish never laugh back. They are too courteous. « TO FIND OUT FIRST hand about their way of life I called on Huyard at the suggestion of a man he knew well. Huyard hesitated at- first to speak, feeling he misht appear presumptuous, but finally consented. He is a shy but self-confident and intelligent man who keeps informed on world affairs through daily newspaper reading. "We believe in the New Testament and in doing justice to ourselves and our neighbors," he said slowly. "We are against war and strife.. We try to live an honest life according to the golden rule There are not supposed to be any quarrels among us. but" - his gentle face relaxed in a rueful' sniile--"of course, .difficulties sometimes do arise." ^ But they usually aren't decided in a law court. They are settled within the congregation. Few Amish become doctors, lawyers, policemen or railroad conductors, and none I talked to ever heard ol one who was a politician. An Amish farmer, since he cannot -us* electricity, depends on horses for his power, usually works from dawn to dusk every day. except Sunday. Huyard and his wife, Lydia, have two separate farms totaling 151 acres worked by themselves and their sons. David, 22. Melvin, 18, and Isaac, 15. Their daughter. Ruth, 24, is married. . "My goal is to raise the children so they can take care o( themselves," said Huyard, "and, if we can, to help them get good farms ol their own." Frederick Othmau Now What To Do For Genoa? COLUMBUS, Ohio.—The question now is what can Columbus, Ohio, do (or the big-hearted Italians; who dug deep for a 7000- pound 20-foot bronze statue of Christopher Columbus and delivered it on Columbus Day to decorate the City Hall lawn? This was a gift from them to us, yon understand, and not vice- versa, and that makes the problem unique. The citizens of Genoa passed the hat for S20.000, which is a lot of lire when multiplied into spaghetti and meat balls. Then they stood over Sculptor Edoardo Alfieri to sec that he made Columbus look heroic; they were aghast when they discovered he'd given his bronze Christopher long hair, curled at the ends. They - said this might have been historically correct, but it looked too sissy for the U.S.A. Alfieri dutifully removed the curls with his chisel. THE GENOESE then shipped Columbus to Columbus on the S.S. Cristofo Colombo and he was unveiled on Columbus Day. I'm still gogle-eyed.' There were a few small problems. There wasn't a tarpaulin in all Ohio big enough to cover the statue complete; Chris' yard-long feel stuck out the bottom. Some unknown miscreant, who doubtless believed that the Norse discovered America, sneaked up in the middle of the night splashed these mighty hrogans with dark brown point. Numerous indignant citizens urged that, when caught, he be horsewhipped. Mayor Maynard Sensenbrenncr's helpers scrubbed the feet with turpentine and his honor held a reception in his office where the principal decorations are golden shovels from past ground break- ings. Then Gov. Frank Lausche held another reception. THERE WAS a luncheon, a banquet and a parade. The Quantico. Va., Marine Band tootled; the city's school children sang. Dig- niltries came from all over. They included the deputy mayor of Genoa; the sculptor still worrying about those missing curls: Sen. John W. Brickcr in fine oratorical form; the Mayor of Columbus, Ind.. and Gino Prato, the New York shoemaker who won all.that money on the $64,000 question program. Gino now is a traveling press agent for a rubber heel firm; his gave Ihe turnabout witness a three- year sentence. Thomason says; "I am firmly convinced, that Jtalusow schemed to use this court as a forum for calling-public at- tcnlion lo book." The FBI's problem'in selecting informers is lliat it doesn't'have the chance to- recruit and train, them Ihe way ill does Its regular agenis. It has had to take housewives, bricklayers and a miscellaneous assortment of types who happcncd-to'be in a particular spot t( do this -lob. Most of them have turned otit'to be honest,"patriotic citizens whose usefulness- as future witnesses against the Reds Hoover Is fighting to preserve, job is to exude good will and walk with a bouncy step. THE CITY'S stores held special bargain sales. Wherever you looked were bands. Folks lined up for a block to sign a scroll, saying thanks lo the generous Genoese. And all the time there was a man chiseling a hole in the granite base, between Columbus' mighty feel. When he'd made it big enough Mayor Senscnbrenner stuffed in a copy of The Columbus Citizen, a letter by himself to posterity, and a copy 'of the bill of lading from the Pennsylvania Railroad. This was marked paid, compliments of the Pennsy. There still was room in the box, so his honor asked if anybody'd like to include his calling card. A couple of hundred folks did. Those without cards scribbled their names on scraps of paper and f have no doubt that citizens 1000 ,years hence are going to be puz- zjed. HAROLD Stassen. the peace expert, made a hands-across-lhe- seas speech. Numerous others also oraied in glorious style and that left Mayor Sensenbrenner witli his problem: What nice thing to do for those Genoese? If you have any suggestions, his honor will appreciate them. His own thought is to have 50,000 local sculpture lovers pony up SI each and erect ,a boys' club, complete with a genuine American soda fountain, for the youngsters in Genoa. I'd call that a handsome gesture and practical, too. A statue you can admire, but a chocolate ice cream soda you can eat. (United Feature Syndicate. Inc.) Jury Privacy ATTORNEY General Herbert Brownell has delivered a severe and justified rebuke to the University of Chicago law school for ilj part in placing recording devices in the jury room in Wichita, Kan- 'sas, trials. The microphones were set up in the jury room in order to study jury deliberations from the standpoint of how our system of justice works. The juorors were unaware of the microphones but the judge, and attorneys on both sides gave their consent as did a United States District Attorney. The University of Chicago law school's intentions may have been pure as the driven snow. There is no reason to doubt that they were. Yet the action amounted to an invasion of the privacy of jury de- 1 liberations. . • It is hard to understand how men as learned as those who administer the law school of a great university could fall to be aware that what they were doing was dangerous and inexcusable. A person who serves on a jury ' -must know that every word he speaks in the jury room Is spoken in private.. ---. No' number of assurances that recordings- being made will not reveal names can .alter the fact that the devices invade the privacy of deliberations. If the present laws do not make placing such devices in Jury rooms definitely Illegal then some action Is needed to nuke it Illegal, THE COMPETITION among Amish fathers to buy new farms for their sons is strong. One farm recently sold for H.203 an acre, more than Huyard feels is justified by present crop prices. "It is a big problem," he said. "That is why we must buy land in other areas." Although some Amish young men and women arc being weaned away (rom old paths by the temptations of modern comforts, Huyard expressed the belief that the number of traditional or "old order" Amish is increasing steadily. There are settlements of the sect in Ohio, Iowa, Indiana, Maryland and Virginia. Huyard doesn't feel the tencnls of his religion require any extraordinary sacrifice m and is surprised if anyone suggests they are ^ unduly stern. "As a rule we are happj'," he said mildly. "We are no less happy than people of any other religion. "We plan lor the future. We live on hopes and hard work. And we enjoy our life more than people who feel free to have anything in the world they please." <Altt>c!nl«d Pr«isl Don WhilehcM The World Today WASHINGTON'-Already a division of opinion has developed among Republican strategists over the best method of choosing a presidential nominee in the event President Eisenhower doesn't run in 1956. Some GOP leaders have been discussing privately the possibility of trying to persuade the President—in case he intends to step aside —to indicate whom he would support for the nomination. The argument here is that unless Eisenhower makes such a move, the Republican party will be ripped apart by a bitter precon- vention fight between candidates seeking tha nomination. ' They foresee the likelihood of another party-splitting scrap like the one in 1952 between Eisenhower and the late Sen. Robert A, Taft of Ohio. SOME GOP LEADERS, as previously reported in this column, feel that a nod ot approval from Eisenhower would have such poli- ical force that it could very well prevent a •knockdown fight and unify the party behind one man early in the campaign next year. But Sen. Knowland, Senate minority leader, has declared his opposiion to any such pre- convention maneuvering. Knowland told a Republican Women's Club in Tacomo, Wash., last Wednesday night that no one should be designated as "an heir apparent" to Eisenhower. The Senator said: "The nation will be better served by a wide-open Republican primary." , . And then he added without clarification that he didn't regard "a Pepsodent smile, a ready quip, an actor's perfection with lines', nor an ability to avoid issues, as-qualifications for high office. HE DIDN'T SAY at whom this barb was aimed and poliicians will have to draw their own conclusions. - > But his call for an open primary would seem to.foreclose any agreement among party chiefs that Eisenhower name the man he wants to receive the nomination. ' Thus it appears almost certain that both Republicans and Democrats will find themselves embroiled in convention fights and forced to postpone dreams of "unity" until after the nominations have been made. On the Democratic, side,, a contest is developing between supporters of Adiai Stevenson and Gov. Avercll Harrimhn of New York even before cither of them has announced ha' will be a 'candidate, And there Is restless stirring among supporters of Sen. Estcs Kcfauver. Among the Republicans, of course, Ihcra can be no open maneuvering as long as Eisenhower doesn't remove himself from the speculation; fc . Any would-be GOP presidential candidnti .will just have to suffer In.silence until th* Elsenhower intentions are disclosed, '

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