STATE HI COM.P. • TOPEKA VOLUlVra: XXXVI. No. 63. Saeoesior to The loU DailT Besister, Tha lola Daily Becord. and loU Daily Index. lOLA, KAS., TUESDAY EVENING, JANUARY 10,1933. •the Weekly Kejister. E«Ubtiihed 1867' The loU DaUy Regiater, Established .1887: SIX PA(jES NAM OFF BAD BET^ IN PRESENT PERIOD Chemistry Professo • Declares His Views Btfore Cui-rent Topics PRICE OF PROGRESS Every Invention Throws Somebwly Out of :W»rk, Educator Explair s The present stage of the ec momic cycle is one in which we ar! just writing off the capital wd hi ve invested in industries which ha\ e Ijeen robbed of tlicir marlcets by adjVance- monts in the field of- che nistry. Prof. L. C. Hcckert of the Pittsburg state teachers college told th; Current Topics club last night at the , Portland hotel. I ' ."We are how paying the price of ' progress." l^e ciiemistry professor .said, "und We may a.i well make the ; best of ii ."^ince progress is Inexorable." Profc .s.sor "Hrckort used three Industries lus 'examples lof what hap- iwns wlii -n .I 'uch new: dIscoVery in t;heraiKtry (R madi-. ,The flr .<jt was the nitrates Indiustry.! "Ill 1898 ilie woiid iwas informed that its known .supply if ni rates, the Chile -siilt iKJter bed .s, would be exliausted iii 20 years. But )efore the world war, German chi mists had discoverefl how to make nitric ncid from'water and air. [: C;hllean Investments Worthless. "What tlieh became of the millions of dollars citizens of the. United States and other nations had invested in the Chile nitrate beds? What did the Chileans do? Fixed nitrogen could be produced in the , Unitedj States far cheaper than the Chilean substance could be shipped .. here. That Was one investment made valueless, by the progress of chemistry. i. "WJhen the war ended, scores of gun cotton factories in this country found themselves with no market for-explosives k) they forced the liquid celulose. made- from cotton, sulphuric and nitric acids, out a small hole or slit, and made rayon 1 or cellophane from it. "That made little difference to the cotton groweb because they did,V n't care to whoni they? sold their crop as long as It was sold. But it soyhded their death knell when in , 1926 the chemist* found they could get their oeUulose filier much cheaper In the form of .sawdust and wood _pulp. There went the cotton industry because rayon sells a lot cheaper than cotton. « ' Snlphoric Add Useless. . "But at about the same time, the cJiemists discovered they could make rayon cheaper by soaking their wood . pulp In sodium hydroxide and carbon dlsulphide. That meant that the huge sulphuric acid plants you people helped finance when rayon was first; produced commercially no longer had a market. Your Investment ii worthless as a result. "The' cotton- grower wjas not the only man to suffer because of rayon," the professor continued. "The flax grower.and the sheep raiser both have a poor market because people would rather wear rayon than linen or wool or cotton ; in many iCases. To prove it, 108 million pdunds of rayon were sold in 1923 whereas 432 million pounds were sold in 1932 in this country-." Before leaving the subject of rayon and how its development has killed markets for farmers, he cited the instance of the invention and adoption of lacquer. "Last year 12..5] 3.000 gallons of duco were used In the United States and not one drop of it was made with Unseed oil. Consequently the farmers who grew flax to sell the seed to make paint from had just ttiat much poorer market" Wood Distillation Obsolete. Professor Heckert's final example was the wood distillation industry', in which he said 10 billion dollars had been ,invested in order: to produce wood alcohol, acetone, acetic acid and charcoal. : "Recently, comparttively speaking, a method has been found whereby ^alcohol can be converted Into acetic 'acid, wood alcohol made from carbon dipxidv and hydrogen, pure carbon from oil and gas. and acetone converted from sugfar. Each method is far cheaper than the distillation process, so that those 10 billion dollars tied up in wood distilleries must be wTitten off because the plants have no outleUf." "So we see," the chemist concluded, "that every step along the road of progress results in wasted capital and In at least temporary unemployment, "The trouble with the farm situation is that the chemist is synthesizing substances which J the farmer • has been growing by natural nieans, doing so at a lower cost and consequently killing the farmer's market. The farmer, therefore, must turn his efforts toward .produdtng something for which there is a (market or he is doomed. "The only renjedy for this situation that I can see is knowletlge. We must forsee the trend of develop- menti andlact accordingly." : TOO MANY HANDS FOE LANDON TO Cl^P. Topeka, Jan. lo. (AP)—Alfred M. Landon was doing his handshaking with his left hand today, and for a good reason—a big raw blister,on the third finger of his right hand. Shaking hands with some ' 5,000 persons who attended the inaugural reception last night caused thie blister, A cold kept the governor at home this morning, but he arrived at his office early in the afternoon feeling fairly well, he said. DEMOS LOSE ECONOMY MOVE lola Leeislatdr Defeated in Eace for House Chaplain. Topeka, Jan. 10. (AP)—The first economy move proposed at the twenty-eighth biennial session of the Kansas legi^aattire failed. Democratibj members of the house of representatives were unsuccessful in their attempt td elect a minister member of their party as chaplain, thereby saving the $3 a day salary paid to the chaplain. On a strictly party vote, 65 to 60, the Republicans elected their caucus choice, the Rev. M. M. Horh, pastor of the Oakland Christian 'church, over the choice of the Democrats, Representative J. Lee Rclo- ford, Allen county. ORANGE OFFICIAL COraNG Dan James to Install Officers County Gran^ This Week for Dan James, a stockman living near Emporia, JRill come to lola tomorrow for three days in the interests of the Orange-work in Allen county in co-operation with Grange Deputy H. H. Ludlum, of Elsmore. Mr. James has.held the station of overseer, the next to the highest office in the state Grange organization, for the past 12 years, and was re-elected to the same station at the recent session at Coffeyville for the ensuing term of two years, f He will conduct a joint installation service for the Old Elsmore and Pairview Granges at 'the Old Elsmore schoolhouse on Wednesday evening, and install the officers of North Logan Grange on Thursday evening, at Dewitt schoolhouse, and the Star Valley officers on Friday evening at Prairie Dell schoolhouse. DR. LACY COMES TO lOLA Lallarpe Dentist Takes Over Practice of Dr. W. H. Porter. Dr. H. L. Lacy, who has been practicing dentistry in LaHarpe for 13 years, announced today that he has bought the practice of Dr.;W. H. Porter and is ready to receive patients in the offices formerly occupied by Dr. Porter over Brown's drug store. Dr. Porter is out" of town and could not be reached for a statement as to his plans for the future.' He has lived here for 25 years. Dr. Lacy said he will move his family from LaHarpe to lola In the near future. A SHAVE INTERRUPTED IVfissonri Sheriff Leaves Chair lo Chase Bank Robber and Help Capture Driver of Bandit Car DJEATH OF BASIL COMAN I — » —11 .Son of Fohner I61» Family Dies of Pneumonia in Tulsa: Word his been received here of the death of Basil Comari which occurred Friday. Janua:ryJ 6. at "Tulsa. His death was the result of pneumonia of which he had, been ill but a ishort time. Mr. Coman was tlie son of Mrs. Joe Coman and the famUy lived in lola for many years up tmttl about twelve years ago when they moved to /TuIsa. He was raanried about two yean' ago to' a Tute girl. Springfield, Mo., Jan. 10. (AP)— Routed from a barber's chair by news of a $950 robbery at the Shepherd of the Hills bank in Reeds Spring this morning. Sheriff Seth Tuttle Joined the pursuit jos It swung through Galena, Mo., and helped state highway patrolman H. L. George capture the bandit ma,chine. Ralph Wilson, youth of the Reeds Spring district,; driver of the robbers' car, was held in the Stone county jail this afternoon while officers sought a! second man who Jumped, out as the car passed through Galena. Hazel Morrill, assistant cashier, was alone In the Shepherd of the Hills bank when a lone, armed man walked boldly through a directors' room to the cage where Miss Morrill was working, forced her to dump money from the cash drawer into a cloth sack, then locked her in the vault. The robber fled and joined a companion who waited in a roadster. Miss Morrill released herself, and Reeds Spring merchants opened fire upon the robbers. Their car almost turned over as it roared out of town toward Galena. Efforts to telephone Galena officers disclosed telephone lines had been cut. Guy Wampler, Missouri Pacific station agent, flashed the news to the station agent at Galena. Highway Patrolman George went out from Galena, met the car, turned around and pursued it. Sheriff Tuttle, whose shave had beerV interrupted by the news, started his car so fast that one wheel bumped against a curbing and blew out a tire. George picked him up at Galena, and together they stopped the car a half mile north of that town. WEATHER and ROADS FOR KANSAS—Partly cloudy and colder tonight and Wednesday. Temperature—Highest yesterday, 54; lowest last night 43: normal for today 30-, excess yesterday 19; excess since January 1st, 113 degrees: this date last year—highest 51; lowest 28. , , ITecipitatlon for the 24 hours ending at 7 a. m.itoday 0; total for this year to date 0; deficiency shxce January 1st, .40 inch. Relative humidity at 7 a. m. today 80 per cent; barometer reduced to sea level, 29.66 inches. Kansas Weather and Dirt ^Boads. Emporia. Manhattan, Ottawa, Coffeyville, Topeka, Salina. Arkansas City, Wichita, Pittsburg, clear, roads good. LEGISUTURE IN AS JOB HUNTERS FILL GALLERIES Lawmakers Are Ready to Grapple with Economy And Tax Reform REPUBLICANS" REIGN Vernon and Knapp' Votied Speaker and President Of Houses Topeka, Jan. 10. (AP)—The twenty-eighth biennial session of the Kansas legislature convened at noon today to wrestle with an almost unanimous demand for tax reform arid further reduction in governmental costs. Opening of the session foimd the RepubUcan party, which yesterday regained control of the state administration after a two-year interval with "the taBUguration of Governor Alfred M, I^ndon, ih a slight majority in the senate and house. Their advontage, however, was slight. Of the 125 members of the house, 65 are Republicans and 60 Democrats. In the senate, the party of Governor Landon controlled 23 of the 40 positions. Thus, the Republicans had a numei'lcal advantage of only two votes more than the required constitutional majorities of 63 votes In the house and 21 In the senate. Back to Frugality. Elected last November on a platform containing a pledge for "efficiency, drastic economy and reduction In expenses," Governor Landon has announced his message containing his reconnnendations for legislation will Call for a return to "the old-fashioned principles of frugality and economy." In his message, to be delivered tomorrow to the legislators at a Joint session of the house and senate, will be nimierous recommendations, the governor has indicated, for tax reform, departmental consolidations, salary reductions, elimination of "imnecessary"- jobs, investigation of the state highway department, and lowering of the automobile license fees. As a new source of revenue to relieve farms and homes of some of their burden tmder the general property tax. Governor Landon also will recommend enactment of a graduated income tax, the principle of which was endorsed by the voters in the November election when they adopted a gi-aduated income tax amendment. Many New Faces. (Convening of the legislature found many new lawmakers seated In Representative hall and the senate chamber. The greatest turnover was in the senate, where only four of the 40 members at the 1929-1931 sessions were reelected for another four-year term. Only 45 of the 125 members of the house were returned. The legislators, ho\trever, will not be Inexperienced at the work of lawmaking as these figures might indicate. Five leaders of the 1931 house, Including Speaker Harlan, returned as senators. In addition, at least three new members of the senate and half a dozen new members of the house have had previous experience In the legislature. Hundreds of spectators, most of them job hunters, milled the galleries and standing room on the floor as the senate was called to order by Lieutenant-Governor Charles W. Thompson, and the house by Prank J. Ryah, secretary of state. Two Are Absent. After iJie rolls of members had been called, they were sworn into office. In the house, the oath was admhiistered to the members in blocks of 20 by Justice John S. Dawson, of the supreme court, while In the senate its 38 members were sworn in slmiiltaneously by Justice R. A. Birch. The two absent members were Senators Hansen, of Jamestown, and Bateman, of Clay Center. The house and senate moved swiftly through the path of perfecting their organizations, with the RepubUcans in control. Representative W. H. Veriion, of Pawnee county, was elected speaker of the house on a strictly party, vote—65 to 60, while in the senate. Senator Dallas W, Knapp of Coffeyville was elected president pro tempore by, a tmanimous vote, the Democrats presenting no candidate. The Democratic nominee for the speakership. Representative Clarence G. Nevlns, of Ford county, automatically became the minority floor leader. Representative Lee Gowden. of Lyon county, previously (Continued on Page 6, Col. 8.) Second Five Year JPlan A Challenge to World Joseph V. Stalin Annoui|ces 16 Per Cent Increase in General i Production OverJLast Year in New Industrial' Program He Has Mapped Out. Moscow, Jan. 10. (AP)—Challenge was tast to "the' capitalist world" today by Joseph V. Stalin in-the industrial program he has mapped out for Jlussla for the next five years. The Bolshevist chieftain announced a 16 per cent increase In general production over last year aa this year's goal of the Socialist nation. The annual average incsvase for the second five-year plan, now bein^ inaugurated, must .be 13 or 14i per cent, he said. This, he declared, "would be inlr possible in" capitalist countries." Stalin atmounced his plans in a speech before a Joint meeting of the Cotnmunlst party central committee and the central control committee. It was made public three days later—his fhrst speech made public in more than a year. Claiming "the Successful fulfill ment of the (first) five-year plan," he declared its aim was "to change the country from 9ne with thd tech DEMOS TO FAIL, SNELL DECLARES Efforts to Balance Budget Assailed by Republi can Leader Washington, Jan. 10. (AP)—Postponement by the Democrats of any revenue-raising plans until the end of the session, and theh- announced intention of depending mainly upon expenditure .reductions for bringing the budget Into balance, today BATTLE ON IN CHINA All-Day Conflict Reported as Japs Take Pass Through Wall Pelplng,' China, Jan. 10. (AP)— Chinese troops under General Ho Chu-KuO engaged in an all-day battle with Japanese forces.at Chiu- menkow pass, 24 miles north of Shanhaikwan today. Delayed dispatches from the commander said the engagement began at 6 a. m. when Chinese cavalry ihet the first charige of Japanese mounted troops. The attack was Joined by Japanese and Manchu- koan Infantry and artillery, . and during the engagement the Chinese lines were bombarded from the lair. The mountainous-terrain interfered with the Japanese advance, enabling the defenders to bring lip reinforcements. The reports iadi- cated that the Japanese had taken the northern end of the pass through the great wall and that the Chinese concentrated their forc^ at the south end,.anticipating that the. next attack would be directed •there. treasury-posl^fflce appropriation — which the senate soon must act on. To Fail on Both. "The Democratic platform was Just as emphatic on balancing the budget as it was on beer," said Snell, "and while they have spent more effort on beer than on balancing the budget. It Is evident they will fall down on both." The New Yorker said President elect Roosevelt had called himself a "clearing house" for ideas and declared: "I can tell him without fear of successful contradiction that if he is to lead his party during these strenuous times, he I must be something more than a clearing house. "It will be necessary for him to have a program of his own and stand behhid it for two successive days running." "To the outsider looking on," Snell continued, "It looks like the president-elect is nmning out on his congressional leaders before they even get started;" Power to Boosevelt. In the treasiiry-postoffice bill it Is declared the policy of congress to effect consolidations of agencies and fimctions and gives the incoming president power "to abolish the whole or any part of any executive agency and the functions thereof" and to "transfer the whole or any part of any executive agency and the functions thereof, to the Jurisdiction and control of any other executive agency." It would require the disapproval by both houses to reject an executive order. At present It requires jthe disapproval of but one branch jto reject the Hoover proposals to jtransfer and consolidate more than fifty agencies. Democrats are set to kill the Hoover suggestions for reorganlKitlon. Chairman Cochran plans to bring up'for early house consideration, his resolution adopted, by the expenditures committee rejecttag them. HARNESS BEING STOLEN NOW Sin Cases Reported to Sherlfrs Office in Last Two Weeks. brought from the Republican house leader, Snell of New York, a prediction that they would fall. Snell said It was "perfectly evident that the Democrats are not .going to do anything about balancing the budget this session. They don't even intend to try before ten or fifteen days from the end of the session and that means they have thrown it up in despair." His statement to newspapermen followed renewed word that the Democrats would lean heavily on the government reorganizing power they propose giving Franklin D. Roosevelt. Provision for this al- auuuiuiteu pmns lor ready hais been tncorponted is th# ,^reEslng food production and light treasury-postofflee appropriation bill Industry in the next five years, Stalin said development now may nlque of tbe middle ages to one of contemporary technique, to make tbe nation independent of the whims of capitalists." ' He admitted the program was actually, only 93.7 per cent fulfilled. "Biit we did it in four years and three months," he added. Stalin declared the last plan had to be altered to build up the national defense because of "the fail- lire' of neighboring countries to sigh guarantee pacts with us and because of complications In the Far East." (Russia has signed a non-aggression pact with all countries on its west- em border except Rmnania. It was reported recently that Japan withdraw from similar negotiations after Russia resumed diplomatic relations with CWna.) ^"The accomplishment of our means of defense Is the general result , , ; now you"" can use your own Judgment about the shoutings In the capitalist press about the 'failure' of the five-year plan," Stalin said. "Our own camp. Is being increased throughout the world by the successes of the five-year plan. . . . These successes arc mobilizing revolutionary forces of all countries against capitalism. No one can doubt the meaning . . . has inter- naitlonal potentialities without limit," he added. Stalin announced "slower tempos" for the second five years. His proposed 16 per cent-increase this year compared with a scheduled 36 per cent increase ih 1932 over 1931. His proposed 13 to 14 per cent annual increase for the five-year period compared with what he claimed was- 22 per cent for the first plan. In contrast with "capitalist" output, he asserted the volume of production in Russia has increased three times over the pre-war level and has doubled since 1928. He admitted less was produced for broad consumption than was needed but said this was necessary to establish the heavy industry and make the country Independent of the world. If Russia had made "more shoes, clothes' and other articles of consumption," he pointed out, "we would have had to buy raw materials . . . and then we would have had no tractors, no machinery, no metal." . In Une with announced plans for be slowed down. The main role of the second five-year plan will be played by "new plants" and not the "old factories," he said. "This demands time for improving the qualifications of workers and engineers and for the spread of the new systems," he explained. Stalin claimed workers' conditions have been improved through abolition of unemployment, increase in salaries of 67 per cent since 1928. ' Silencing those within the party ' who advocated a returii; to private farming, Stalin fla,tly asserted that collectivization in agriculture must be continued throughout the whole country. The spread of state and collective farms has exceeded the original program by three times, he declared, and must be carried on. BANKERS URGE CONVERSION OF FEDERAL DEBT Floating Obligations of 6 Billion Would Go into Lbng-Time Bonds TO LIBERATE CREDIT Uncertainty on Money Market Still a Menace to Commerce New York. Jan. 10. (AP)—The Liberty loan. drives of the World war period, comprising the-most Intensive money raising campaign ever undertaken in this country, may be revivibd in a modified form, and for a different purpose, if proposals in some financial and i>olltical quarters are adopted. These proposals, which contemr plate the launching of a government loan program to fund a good part of the 6 billion dollars of the federal government's floating indebtedness, are receiving serious study hi prominent banking quar- tent, some authorities holding that it might go far toward liberating credit to its normal channels. Almost one-third of the total gov- emment debt of 16,800 million dol- lors Is In securities which mature within the next two years; and until this huge volume of short-term indebtedness is placed on a mbre permanent basis, bankers say it is extremely difficult to forecast probable developments in the money market, and it Is consequently extremely difficult to Invest their depositors' money. ; Aid to Short Term Debt. This very uncertainty has facilitated further additions to the gov- emmei^t's short term debt, for banks oiSATH SENTENCE COMMUTED TO LIFE IMPRISONMENT , Columbia, S.C, Jan. 10. (AP) Governor Blackwood today commuted to life imprisonment the death sentence.of Mi's. Beatrice Ferguson Snipes^ expectant mother convicted of the murder of Elliott Hanis. York rural policeman. The governor's action came suddenly less than 24 hours after he had reiterated he would wait imtll the state supreme court acts on an appeal in the case before considering petitions asking executive clemency., Mrs. Snipes. 29-year-old mother of one child, expects the birth of another January 20. Petitions presented to the governor, yesterday urged that he commute her sentence before the chUd's birth \a order that Mrs. Snipes might not have "the penalty of electrocution hanging over her augmented by the prospective anguish of child bkth." ROOSEVELT SET ON CONFERENCES Talks With Leaders Prepare New Chief for Action on Mar. 4 NEW THEORY IN MURDER Chicago Police Thhik Love Rival or RelaUve of Ruined Girt May Have Slain Bandmaster Six sets of harness have been stolen in Allen county within the last two weeks according to reports to the sheriff's office. Who the thieves are. or in what manner they dispose of the harness is unknown. How they operate is Indicated by one casie in which Sheriff Bud Hurley said they clubbed a watchdog belonging to one fanner when they entered the premises to take the harness in the bam. HAMILTON FILlgS PETTTION FOB NEW TRIAL Lebanon. Ind., Jan. 10. (AP)— Louis EJ Hsimilton. lola; Kas.. who is under sentence to be executed August 15 as the convicted, slayer of Lafayette -A. Jackson, Indianapolis chain grocer, filed a petition yesterday for a new trial. The petition alleged that the trial court erred in permitting the introduction of a purported confession and the testln^ny of two Indianapolis police officers relative.to a conversation with - Hamilton. Chicago, Jan. 10. (AP)—Construction of a new hypothesis to solve the problem of who killed Edwin O. Schlldhauer, high school biandmaster. was sought by investigators today. The basis for the investigation was furnished by his widow, Mrs. Fraijces Schlldhauer, whose story of alle^ indiscretions on her husband's part led the police, they said, to reason that the dead bandmaster might have been slain by a relative or suitor of some girl with whom he had an affair. Mrs. Schlldhauer, calm, but pale, painted a picture of her late husband for police, which was far different than those formerly given. She described him as a man who liked to drink and who preferred the company of other women to that of herself. Prior to her story Schlldhauer had been pictured as an artist so wTapped up in his musical endeavors that he( cared little or nothing for the things that did not'pertain to his profession. Mrs. Schlldhauer, police said, admitted yesterday that she had been Involved in an affair with Carl Bradberry, former deputy sheriff, but Insisted that her husband had encouraged her so he might have more opportunity to woo another woman. | The womani named by Mrs. Schlldhauer as; the object of the bandmaster's affections, however, denied any interest other than an innocent one in Schlldhauer. Mrs. Schlldhauer also told police she believed they might find a Jealous musician responsible for the kidnaphig and killing of her husband December 10. Many musicians, she said, were extremely Jealous pi his professional career and a few were actual enemies because of It^ Police Captain John Stege said Investigators "learned nothhig of direct vilue In finding the killer" from questioning.Mrs. Schlldhauer yesterday. have been glad to pour funds into government issues maturing within a few months, at almost no interest, knowing -that whatever the money market may do, they will get their principal out intact when the government issues mature. A pinch in the money market, sending rates up, would naturally send long term bonds down. The fact that the market for highest grade long term bonds has been very strong of; late, has led bankers to wonder if a good time were not approaching for the government funding. Albert H. Wlggln, retiring chairman of the Chase National bank,'in his recent annual report, warned that "the treasury should not overstay the market." He said he had no sympathy with the view that the funding of the debt must await balancing the budget. Washington, Jan. 10. (AP)—Refunding of part of the outstanding 8 billion dollars of long term_ gov- enmient bonds as advocated in New York financial circles was suggested recently by Secretary Mills before the house ways and means committee. The secretary said such an operation should be undertaken because a block of first Liberty loan bonds were callable last year and the fourth Liberties callable this year. At the same time he said, there was a belief that the short term debt, now aggregating $5,350,800,000, should be funded Into long term securities ; to remove the government as a constant borrower from the money market. At present there, is $1,392,227,850 outstanding in first Liberty loan bonds bearing ZM per cent Interest and $6,268,089,450 of fourth Liberties bearing 4% per cent interest. • A funding operation at a lower interest rate would save millions of dollars In Interest on the public debt which on December, last, amounted to $20.805556.791. While the treasiuy need not refund any of the fourth Liberties until October 15, 1938. it can caU any part of them on six months' notice on any interest date after October 15, 1933. The popularity of the government securities has grown in recent years. On June 30, 1921, federal reserve banks held only 1 per cent of the total public debt and the member banks held 10 per cent. On June 30. 1932, the federal reserve banks held 9 per cent of the debt and member banks 29 per cent. WHEAT TAKES RISE Cold Wave Threat Sends Price up to I 50 Cents a Bushel MoUne Farmer a Suicide. Independence. Kas.. Jan. 10. (AP)' —Lainbert Waker, 32, died yesterday from a self inflicted gunshot wound at his home near Mollne, Kas. Relatives said he had suffered ill health.. Chicago, Jan. 10. (AP) — Half dollar wheat came back today. A last minute buying rush based oh forecasts of a cold wave which threatened damage to the already suffering crop In the prahie states west of the Mississippi river sent all future delivery contracts to 50 cents a bushel or. better. . It was the fh-st time In weeks that wheat had sold here for 50 cents. The buying movement was aided by an unofficial crop authority's statement that crop conditions hi the southwest were worse than the^,government December crop report: indicated. He said, that the crop had deteriorated considerably since the report was Issued. The May and September deliveries, the former representing wheat ah^ady harvested and the latter wheat yet to be grown and threshed, both shot up to 50',^ cents a bushel and stayed there for the finish. The July delivery,; representing wheat as yet tingrown. lag- iged a Uttle but pushed up to the 50, 'cent level just before the gong sounded. This delivery also closed at the high. Other markets showed sensational price advances, Winnipeg, Mta- neapolls and Kansas City recording gains as large or larger than Chi- Icago advances. The (Chicago close was 2 to 2^ cents,a bushel above yesterday's final figures. New York, Jan. 10 (AP)—Colonel E. M. House, intimate adviser - of President WUson on foreign affairs, went into a luncheon conference with President-elect Roosevelt today. Following closely upon yesterday's meeting between Rposevelt and Sec^ retary Stlmson significance was attached to the house conference of today. The two meetings were coupled by some to mean that possibly Immediate action is in prospect in the field of forelgp affairs, under the I direction of the president-elect and with the co-operation of the state department. I However, no;word was immediately forthcoming from the Bioosevelt home. Steps Already Taken. The lengthy conference yesterday between Mr. Roosevelt and Henry L. Stlmson, secretary of state in President Hoover's cabtaet, is Uiter- preted by some as meaning that steps are already in progress on these issues and the war debts problems. The president-elect, is maintaln- llng silence about the imusual meeting between himself and the secretary of state two months before he takes over the presidency, but the early occasion of the eonference has ^ven rise to apparently well founded speculation. The parley occurred even before I Mr. Roosevelt has selected his secretary of state who would normally be the one to talk things over with the present head of this department. It is recalled that in his exchange of conununicatlons with President Hoover declining to enter Joint responsibility on k commission study ot debts, econoniics and arms, the president-elect said: "If any debtor nation desires to approach us such nation should be given the earlieist opportunity so to do." If debt discussions, are already under way or preliminary talks on the ecohOTnlc conference have reached a clhiiax, this word must come from elsewhere for Mr. Roosevelt and his advisers are silent about the I international matters brought up here yesterday.; Back to Domestic Problems. MeanwhUe, after a day with Mr. Stlmson at Hyde Park and concluded here last night, the president elect is again giving his attention to the vital domestic problems, con- fronthig his new' administration. ' He Is; watching with keen interest; the progress oit the Democratic pro-' gram for balancing the budget and enactment of farm relief at this session of congress. Disposition of; the prohibition Issue, including a tax on 3.2 per cent beer, is regarded as a part of this program. There is satisfaction here that the Democrats-have a full plan that will make unnecessary an extria session of the new congress. While Mr. Roosevelt is mahitalnlng silence about an extra session aid Is believed ready to call one If necessary. It is a feeling on his part now that if one Is required it will be due to lack of Republican cooperation. A long number of 10-mlnute conferences are the order for the rer mainder of the Roosevelt stay In the metropolis this week before he departs agahi for the Hyde Park home, FORMER lOLA RESIDENT DIES L O. O. F. to Participate In Service? At Grave of James Marshall. Word of the death January 4 of James Marshall, a former Vesldent of lola. was received here today. He was a brother-in-law of Barney McCabe, Sam Baxley. and Jim Valen- tlhe, all of lola. The body will arrive here at 7:45 p. m. today via the-Santa Pe, accompanied by his only survivor. Miss Elsie Marshall, a daughter, of Olendale, Calif., where Mr. Mar- shaU died. The Rev. A. V. Howland will conduct the funeral service at the United Brethren church tomorrow at 2:30 p. m. Members of the lola I. O. O. P., will participate In services at the grave in the old cemetery. Those members are asked to meet at the lodge hall at 1:30 p. m. tomorrow. HOOVER URGES SPEEDY ACTMN ON ARMS TRADE Special Message Asks for O. K. on Parley to Suppress Gun Shipments A WORLD PRbBLEM President Says JAll i Must Join in Banning Sale Of Munitions Washington. Jan. 10. ;(AP)ir-Presl- dent Hoover, in a special Jnessage to congress, today urged either the speedy ratification of the ps-ojected convention to suppress trade,in implements of war or special legislation empoweriiig the chief executive to limit or forbid shipment pt arms for military purposes. * The/message, which ha.*! been awaiting presidential approval for several weeks, did not mentft)n any. specific conflict such as thfl unofficial SInp-Japanese war or tjhe differences between Paraguay and Bolivia In the Chaco. • The chief executive said, however, that tithet- ratification of the International convention signed at Ge- nexa In 1925, or .the special legislation to forbid arms shipments In cases where cooperation colild he secured with other major^ arms manufacturing nations would aid in the ^'prevention and llmltaflon of war." Need Present Now. Recent events, the president said, have emphasized a need lot more authority In the control of-shipments of arms from the United States for military purposes. > ' "There can be no doubt." he said, "that the control of such shipments to areas of prospective and .actual International conflict would greatly aid the earnest and unceasing efforts which all nations now make to prevent and lessen ttie dangers of such conflicts. V"However for one nation altoe to engage in such prohibitions ' while other nations continue to supply arms is a futihty. Moreover, It would tend to give advantage fo one nation over another by increasing the war potentialities in manufacture and skill of. non-coopeiuting nations." The president indicated t h& believed It would be "Impossible" for the senate to, ratify the International convention suppressing the case "it is urgent that legl^tion should be passed conferring ^pon the president authority in hi5 discretion to limit or forbid shipment of arms for military purpose in cases where special undertakings of cooperation can be secured with the principal arms manufacturing nations." . t . New Bridge at^ World's Fair Chicago, Jan.S 10.- (AP)—Two mammoth fingers of steel- are reaching toward the clouds a^.the World's Fair grounds, pointing the way to a new phase in structural engineering. The fingers are the;twin towers of the century of progress expositions's "sky ride." Engineers of the five steel companies which are; constructing the $1,125,000 pi*oJect have expressed belief that it will revolutionize bridge-building principles. - , What the Eifel tower was to the Paris exposition of 1900 the • pky- ride will be to the 1933 fah-.; Two cobwebby structures will rise 655 feet above the ground, dwarfing other exposition buildings, mi&klng Chicago's .huddle' qf skyscrapers huts In comparison.- They wUl be located a quarter of a mile ai^. At a 200-foot level rocket, cars will shuttle back and forth on; taut cables, carrying passengers (rti a panoramic expedition. } The companies backing the project are not indulging a whim, nor entering the amusement field, supervising engineers explained today. It is an experiment in better • and Leavenworth Steel Woiker Injured. Shreveport, La., Jan. 10. (AP)— Ralph Holman, 53, of .Leavenworth, Kas., a steel worker on the Red river trafQc iJridge now to course of construction here, was seriously to- Jured today when caught in the niggerhead Of a holsttog machtoe. It was necessary to cut the ropes in order to free Holman. The attend- tag physician said Holman would recover. NEW K. C.-CHICAGO RECO^ Pilot Kalberer Takes Mall at Over 200 Miles an Hour Chicago, Jan. 10 (AP)—Two hours and eight minutes from^ Kansas City to Chicago—that was thf flying thne of pUot A. P. Kalberer— bringtog four passengers a^d mail ^nd express ori a friendly whid from^ ^the Southwest today. ; Kalberer's-speed for 427 miles exceeded 200 miles per hour, bettering t|he commercial record claimed; by another United Air Une pilot last week with an 185-mile average; The plane arrived at 5:40 a. m. afte^ ono stop at Hollne, HI. cheaper bridge construction. The idea is: "Don't exert yourself in crossing a streamr—let; the [bridge do the work." The engtoeers said an aerial ferry like the sky-ride can bebullt for approximately one-twentieth the cost of a bridge of similar size. JOHN KARNS IS DEAD AT; 85 Father of G. C. Kams of lola to Be Buried Near Westphalia. ; John Kams, 85-year-old native of Indiana, died at 8 p. m. yesterday at the home of his son, G. C. Kams, 618 South Second. He: had lived in lola since 1928. and Was a blacksmith by trade. The funeral will be h^ld We<Jnes- day at 10 a. m. In the Bethel cemetery north of Westphalia. Survivors beside his lola son ta- clude two others, W. S. Kams, Greenwood, Nev.; J. J. Kams, N. Y.; and Mrs. Diana Halstead, Oamett, a daughter.
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