Ironwood Daily Globe from Ironwood, Michigan on May 12, 1965 · Page 4
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Ironwood Daily Globe from Ironwood, Michigan · Page 4

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Wednesday, May 12, 1965
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FOUR 1RONWOOD DAILY GLOBE, IRONWOOD, MICHIGAN WEDNESDAY, MAY 12,1965. IRONWOOD DAILY GLOBE "The Daily Globe is an independent newspaper, supporting what it believes to be right and opposing what it believes to be wrong, regardless of party politics, and publishing the news fairly and impartially." -Linwood I. Noyes, Editor and Publishe. 1927-1964. Mrs. Linwood I. Noyes, President Edwin J. Johnson, Editor and Publisher Day Care Deficit I.,atch-ki % v children arc costing this country hravilv in manpower, brains and treasure. These are the children of many of the naiioifs 9 million working mothers. Each wears n key t'ed to a string around his neck, so that he can let himself in and onl of his home.- or flat while Ilis mother is working. Many children of .six and over arc on their 0\vn outside school hours. These are lre<|iienl- ly disad\anlaged in school for that very rea- -s'lin. This is some of the rationale behind the National Conference, on Day Care Services being held in mid-May in Washington. Sponsors are the National Committee lor the Day Care of Children and the Child Welfare League of America—in cooperation with the U.S. Children's Bureau. Congress is slow in yielding to a new and growing awareness that we need a national day-care program. Day-care services were made part of Title V, part 3 of the Social Security Law in 1962. Then in 1963 Congress appropriated $-1 million for day care. This is small in relation to the need, according to Eleanor M. llosley. executive director to the Day Nursery Association of Cleveland. Congress voted a like amount last year, but limited the federal matching program to 5(1 per cent. Slates had previously been contributing on a one-third to two-thirds sliding scale. This year the administration is asking lor $7 million in clay-care funds. A recent study at the Lorlon. Vu., Youth ; ;Cenler, a disciplinary institution, showed that :yiie-thircl of the inmates admitted between i 196(1 and 1963 came from broken homes In- Viifficicnt supervision of children of working V' ''tliers is. of course, only one cause of dis- .:;'•'•< -Mitagcd education. The unseen loss is that V'•: :•" more of these children left to shift for y- . . ., s l v es could grow up into productive :j "" is if they received proper care. "•> ' " -evlor Ho'sley reports that less than one ,-r • -nt of children under 12 of working • ; 5J YTS arc eared for in organized, subsidized >{ .-are facilities, "The most common plans :j the children are informal arrangements •£ "•'' neighbors and relatives." •*• Nobody knows'exactly what happens to children on their own outside of school hours. Truancy is contagious. Mrs. Katherine B. Oettinger, chairman of the U.S. Children's Bureau, says: "We are deeply concerned that many of the children who lack adequate day care are frequently 'under achievers' in school and the dropouts." During World War II. when mothers were considered an indispensable part of the labor force, Lanham Act funds were used for daycare services. Many congressmen remember this experience as a costly horror and argue that subsidized child care merely lures mothers out of the home. The day-care problem is bv no means limited to tlie slums. In a current scries on juvenile crime, a Washington Post team draws a profile of a typical 16-year-old "grease"—no good—in a well-to-do Northern Virginia suburb of Washington. The path runs from unauthorized smoking to smoking in the school corridors to beer-drinking to car stealing. The boy is nol underprivileged—though his parents lack much understanding. It is part of the pattern that both parents have good government jobs and arc away from home 7:30 a.m. to 5:30 p.m. Sibelius Year J-'or many vears Finland has honored its greatest composer, Jean Sibelius, with a weeklong music festival. This year it observes the centennial of his birth. So it is expanding the festivities in Helsinki to three weeks, beginning on Saturday, May 15. Several noted artists and four orchestras, including the Cleveland Svmphony and the Berlin Philharmonic, will perform the composer's works. Born at Tavastehus in 1865, the son of a doctor. Sibelius received a liberal education and studied classics at the Helsingfors University. The classical scholar was closely linked with the creative musician. "Homer and Horace had a significance in my development I cannot value highly enough," he once wiote. Pointed toward a legal career, he nevertheless did so well at the music academy that his law studies were abandoned. Before his death at the age of 91 in Helsinki eight years ago. Sibelius composed seven svmphonies (all of them between 1899 and H>25) and a number of tone poems like "Finlandia" and "Swan of Tuonela." His style was an isle of calm in a time of musical upheaval and discordance. Of his great Fourth Symphony (1911), Sibelius declared it stood out as a "protect against the composition of today" with "absolutely nothing of the circus about it." Critics have attacked this romantic composer as a musical reactionary. But the prevailing judgment is that he was in the great tradition of symphonic thinkers. As benefits such a giant, Finland has made this Sibelius year. H will culminate on Dec. S, the centennial of his birth, with a concert in Helsinki. A Lost Custom Not even Chase's Calendar of Annual Events, that small and sometimes useful compendium listing special days, weeks and months, mentions Straw Hat Day. traditionally observed on May 15. Chase's lists everything from Fight the Filthy Fly Month (June) to National Measure Your Mattress Month (September) to Expectant Father Day (April 18). yet has no space for an event that once was observed faithfully by almost all males old enough to wear hats, as opposed to caps. As recently as 1929 a book on the psychology of dress observed: "No matter what the weather, men are supposed to bring out straw hats on May 15 and discard them on September 15. No one man in 10 thousand would risk being the butt of ridicule by failure to conform." Some of the spring hats look sprung. V Get That Steel While It's Still Hot! r^aXJ5W°B... '«'"• The British Laborites, who have not yet managed to shuffle off the last vestiges of doctrinaire socialism, still persist in the delusion that the way to eure inefficiency in steel manufacture is to "nationalize" the big steel companies. But in America we cling to the Antitrust approach to insure competitive efficiency —and thereby hangs a tale that the British should be pondering. Specifically, the British Laborites should have had observers spotted at the Bethlehem Steel Corportion's Lackawanna, New York. plant on this merry morning of May 11. It they were there, these observers would be witnessing a remarkable sight. They would be watching as an 80-car unit train developed by the New York Central Railroad backs up to the Lackawanna mill's loading platforms, readv to receive hot steel-slabs ranging from 900 to 1,200 degrees Fahrenheit. Anchored by chains and placed on insulating cross beams in the gondola cars, the steel slabs going out of Lackawanna as destined for the new $350 million Bethlehem rolling and tinplate mills at a point 500 miles away in Burns, Harbor, Indiana. Still warm on arrival, the slabs will be fed into a production line that has no basic steel facilities to supply it with raw hot steel in the immediate Indiana-South Chicago area. What today's unit hot slab operation on the New York Central signifies is the emancipation of steel makers from the necessity of having totally integrated facilities all in one place. From now on the steel man who can command the cooperation of a progresssive railroad will be able to compete almost anywhere without having to invest millions for heavy basic steel- making equipment. As the New York Central's President Alfred Perlman put it in learned technical lingo, "By shipping slabs via unit train, we minimize the delay factor traditional in nonintegrated production." Why does this carry a moral for British Laborites? Well, if "nationalization" had been invoked to increase steel availability in the In- diapa-South Chicago region, nobody would , have thought of trying to link basic hot slab mills in western New York with new rolling capacity 500 miles away on the shores of Lake Michigan. "Naturalization" does not provide for an ingenious tie-in between a great railroad seeking new freight sources and a steel company that has not seen its way clear to make a new investment in completely integrated facilities in a new place. If the British would give up the nationalization fetish and turn to the anti-trust approach, they would have a relatively fool-proof method nt encouraging steel competition. True enough, the anti-trust approach, in America, is not always reasonably applied. Some years ago the Bethlehem Steel people, wishing to become competitive with U.S. Steel, Republic Steel, and Inland Steel in the Indiana-South Chicago area, tried to effect a merger with the Youngstown Sheet and Tube Company, which is a Midwest operator. With Youngstown facilities, Bethlehem would not have had to make a huge new investment in the Midwest. But the Department of Justice turned Bethlehem down on the merger proposition, arguing that it would increase steel "monopoly." This, on its face, was silly, for a Bethlehem- Youngstown merger of Midwest facilities would have led to increased competition within the area involved. U.S. Steel, Republic, and Inland would have had to look to their Midwest laurels. The point for the "nationalizers" is that this misapplication of the anti-trust law did not stop Bethlehem from becoming a Midwest competitor of U.S. Steel and Republic Steel. The company merely shifted its approach. It turned to the New York Central Railroad for help and came up with a method of bringing hot steel slabs from a plant which it already owned in western New York State to new rolling mills which it could afford to build in Indiana. The Youngstown Indiana facilities were not needed. What this demonstrates is that the American system is fool-proof. Where "anti-trust" helps, fine and dandy. But even where it hurts it can't hurt permanently. The British should look into this before they ruin their steel industry with "nationalization," 'If This Keeps Up, We May Get Our Feet Wet!" By ANDREW TULLV WASHINGTON —Giddy with the wine of victory, some proponents of medicare now seem de- ermined to indict the entire medical profession as a gang of confidence men, to be watched closely lest they steal us blind. At the moment, this campaign s by certain labor politicians who have been warning Capitol Hill of "abuses" to be guarded against in doctors' bills und e r he a i d-for-the-a g e d program. They paint a picture of the average dockhand. Testifying before the Sena t e Finance Committee the ot h e r day, Sidney Zagri, legislati v e counsel for the Teamsters Union, demanded safeguards to protect .he aged against being "biked" jy their doctors. Zagri reported that a joint study of medical care under Teamster-negotiated health plans revealed instances of "outrageous" overcharges by doctors. He was joined in this !assa n d r a-like observation by Nelson Cruikshank, Social Secur- ty director for the AFL-CIO. « * * Today in National Affairs By DAVID LAWRENCE WASHINGTON — There is a significant debate going on inside the president's cabinet over the question of whether the president should recommend to Congress an increase in the federal minimum wage. The discussion relates to the possibility that such an action would have a severe impact on the national economy by increasing unemployment and perhaps raisi n g the cost of living. The Johnson administrat i o n has been urged to go along with the request of the union leaders that the federal mini mum wage of $1.25 per hour be increased, but the big question is how much the total incr ease should be and whether it should be applied gradually Over a period of years. The amount of the increase itself might not be costly In a given year, but it is the indirect effect of a revolutionary change in the whole employment structure which could be the basis for a shakeup in wage scales. This, in turn, would have an effect upon the price of food and goods sold to the consumers. <r a * There are many millions of persons today who are earning below the federal mini mum wage, but most of them are doing odd. jobs or their classifications of work are exempted by law. Once a minimum wage is raised, however, other perso n s occupying a little higher level of employment feel that their wages should be moved up correspondingly. This could bring an escalation of wage scales all along the line, for as one class of employees is given an increase, the class just above it feels it is entitled to something of the same kind. This is often referred to as "bumping" the wage scales. Any change in the minim u m wage rate, therefore, is bound to affect not only the numb e r employed but also the wage costs of many employ e r s throughout the country. It car also mean that those per son: without skills who are not con sidered today to be worth more than $1.25 an hour would find i more difficult to get jobs be cause it might prove necessary for employers 'to hire bett e qualified persons at h i g her wages rather than to take chances with employees who are not really competent to do the work. Even more severe may be the effect of the administrati o n's plan to impose a penalty . o "double time"—instead of th usual payment at the rate o time-and-a-half— for overt i m beyond the normal work shift Theoretically, the object is t( cause employers to cut down 01 overtime work and hire mori individuals on a regular 40-houi week basis. * * ft But not every business ca economically make such change. A company which re quires only a few hours' wor over and above a regular 8-hou shift will feel that it is bein penalized. To add more person nel in another shift would be bigger expense than to hand 1 the same work with some over time. These various phases of th employment situation have a ways been a factor in Amer can economic life, The federa minimum wage has usually op erated to intensify the difficu ties, particularly since adjus ments in many wage scales be come necessary. It could tak three to five years for employ ers to absorb these changes. Another proposal which President Johnson has made is that Congress pass a law requiring the states to abadon their "right to work," laws and thus require workers to join unions, even though they may have personal convictions to the contrary. Compulsory unionization likewise has the effect of producing higher and higher wage scales. This is because there would be no competitive labor market available to the employ- r. He could not any longer ire employees who are willing o work in any wage bracket in /hich they can get a job. Also, non-union worker may be wiling to join a union, but he will eel that preference is likely to e given to those unemployed vho have had a longer period f membership in the unions. <r ft ft To institute a system of com- ulsory unionization in the 19 tates where "right to work" laws have, up to this time, giv en the individual freedom of choice is likely to produce con slderable economic readju s t ment. It will mean that many employers who have express e d opposition to forced unionization may find themselves the victims of reprisals by means of sudden demands for higher wages un der threat of costly strikes. Altogether, the administration is either unaware of the possi ble economic impact of its pro posals at this time for an in creased minimum wage and abandonment of "right to work' laws, or else it is ready to take chances in the belief tha the political advantages out weigh the disadvantages. Cer tainly if the present busines boom begins to taper off, the un employment situation will not ge better. A revision of the mini mum-wage rules and the Intro duction of a system of compulsory unionization will not help to produce stability of either wages or prices. This could prod u c e adverse political currents for the administration in power. (Copyright, 1965, New York Herald Tribune Inc.) The National Whirligig OUIMtM) »» MeClur* N*w§pap«r Syn<1!e«t«» WHOLE LIBELED—I PROF E S S I O N will acknowled ge ;he right, and even the duty, of Messrs. Zagri and Cruikshank to point out the possibility of shenanigans in the medic are program. But I can't go along with the tone of their remarks, which implies that in financial matters doctors are not to be trusted. This is libeling an entire profession because of the peccadilloes of a few. Some doctors, especially those whose sentiments are voiced by the puerile mouthings of the American Medical Association, have not looked good in the bat tie over medicare. They have seemed too preoccupied with the size of their fees and too little concerned with the ailing aged who can't afford medica treatment. Their icy detachment has not endeared them to Mair Street, to put it mildly. BILL'S MODEST BILLS —But I do not buy the suggestion that all doctors are latent crooks any more than I accept the premise hat all newspapermen are un- iidy drunks. In the course of • somewhat feverish lifetime, 1 lave been exposed to a sizeable passel of medicos and most 1 y .heir dedication and their casual approach to money matters. Beginning with old Doc Reed and Drogressing to Bill Detwiler, who works a 12-hour day after three heart attacks, I have found my jedside exp e r t s a solid 1 o t whose ministrations were expert and whose bills were reasonable. In the Doc Detwiler's case, indeed, there is evidence he could use the services of a financial adviser. For ordinary succor, 8111 seems unable to count higher than five bucks when fee time arrives, and after putting up with my whimperings during a six-week siege of hepatitis he rather sheepishly presented me with a bill for $40. Despite the prevalence of doctors with winter homes in the Bahamas, I have discovered over the years that the profession is full of Bill Detwilers. a * * NOT ALL AGREE —to t h 1 • controversy, the public should be leery of the degree of authority posed by the AMA. It represents doctors only because it's the only club the doctors have. As a sawbones in 111., once confided, Springfield. The AMA is a stupid jerk. It doesn't represent my sentiments. But I don't have any better 'ole. I can't take time from my patients to politick." Shortly, medicare will become the law of the land over the dead bodies of the medical politicans. The AMA has taken a clobbering because its stand was both wrong and outdated. But I don't want any posses taking out after the medical profession Just because some of its members want to get rich yesterday. Business Mirror Washington Scene By BRUCE BIOSSAT WASHINGTON — (NEA) — America's intellectual commu- ibility at a time when sane debate would be highly useful. Their high-pitched plaints nity is under the heaviest fire it against U. S. bombing of North has felt in many years. It is viet Nam as dangerous, un- worth inquiring why this is so.' necessary, and above all inhu- The attacks, of course, repre- mane, seem very close to be- ient a response to the sweeping j ng hypocritical. By RICHARD L. GRAVES NEW YORK (AP) — A rapidly growing form of protection for the individual consumer is the safe deposit box. Once housed only in the vaults of big banks, safe deposit boxes were repositories for the valuables of the well-to-do. But in recent years the availability of safe deposit boxes and the demand for them have grown. There is scarcely a bank or branch that now falls to have a safe deposit vault. An executive of a safe manufacturing company estimated there is an average of 250 safe deposit boxes for every bank and branch bank in the nation. Humbert Fabbro, president of the New York Safe Deposit Box Association, estimated that the number of safe deposit boxes in the United States now is more than 15 million. The growing usage of safe criticisms many intellect u a 1 s (and a lot of others) have lev- Despite some protests to t h e contrary, they have not exhibit- professor who is one of the intellectuals' own, is just one among many thoughtful men who can argue plausibly that escalation bringing Moscow and . «««v.*--^, <r**~.r -•« . — —- - ,~LJ^UAL*UAU11 WAillglUg 1V1UOV ed against U. S. policy in Viet; ed similar verbal compassi o n Peking into the war is Nam. In rebuttal, some of i for tne many thousands of South' likely thing, these are now complaining that, Vietnamese killed by the V i e t President Johnson and his sup-| Cong since they began their porters appear to want to muz-1 murderous depredations back in an un- ile them. Even if the President would ike to quiet his critics, he knows le cannot. And many who are 1957. Already well remarked is the fact that Red Guerrillas have exterminated upwards of 15,000 assailing the intellectuals among i South Vietnamese vill age them have no thought of that. There real complaint is that chiefs, health specialists and others who could help assure or- they are not being intellectual derly, hopeful life in the coun- enough. The charge is that their critical comment has far too often try side. A 1962 field survey by a world teaching agency in South Viet been founded on the quicksand Nam reported then that Viet of factual error, has been pain- j Cong terror closed 636 South ft ft ft deposit service is pegged to a combination of the improved economic status of the citizen and the growing complexity of the society that produces more and more documents that need special protection. ft & ft These would be items not ordinarily covered by regular insurance, or irreplacable items. At the top of the list would be important papers, stocks and bonds. A partial list of important papers common to great numbers of people would include birth certificates, passports, papers of separation from armed forces, car titles, insurance policies, deeds to property, certain kinds of health records, citizenship papers, wills and other legal papers. It is particularly important that bonds have special protection. Most bonds traded in the United States are so-called bearer bonds. That means the person who has physical possession can sell them or cash the coupons, if destroyed, they are irreplacable. The bond exceptions are U.3. Savings Bonds or certain corporate securities that are regis- As too many intellectuals have not discussed this matter thoughtfully, so have they failed to talk realistically about what sort of "neutrality" could be achieved and maintained in troubled Southeast Asia. Their assertion that we do not belong in Asia cannot be taken at their valuation. Such a position has vast implications for what would then be the constric ted European area, and for the whole use and thrust of power by America as free world leader and fully imprecise, and has lacked Vietnamese schools, with 300 j guardian. The matter dema n d s tered Even in so, the -owner's there is a name, certain amount of cost in time and convenience in getting replacements for such securities. The contents of an individual's safe deposit box are private. The bank is legally barred from access, except when authorized or directed by a legal authority to enter it. Consequently, a bank has no way of knowing what is in a safe deposit box. the hard bite of well-thought-out judgments. The critics' rejoinder has been to fault the President for not giving them the facts. But much vital information is already a matter of open record, and tcscliGrs 80,000 children left without schooling. ft ft ft Nor have the North Vietnamese escaped Hanoi's brutality. Pursuing land reform, the Reds kidnaped and ; exhaustive examination, not as- What can be levied again s t some intellectuals, then, is that they have not been living up to some independent experts on executed 50,000 civilians and Viet Nam go on collecting signi- Jailed another 100,000. When ficant data without much help farmers just above the 17th parallel rebelled in 1956, black year That raised ft ft the question recently of liability in the event a safe deposit vault is robbed, as happened recently in Canada. The Answer is that where negligence of the bank can be proved, it is liable for the value <•!-,«; il—j yiuvcu. iii 10 iiuuic iui me vtuue their ° Wn breed - They of tne contents of a safe deposit from the government. t, f, a of Soviet repression in Hungary, The intellectuals' errors of' Han ° l kllled or deported 6,000 in j remember it. fact and their shallow judgments a have been making propaganda, not reasoned argument rooted in fact. There is no danger of their "fighting the last war," as a nation's key figures often are ac- They do not even have seriously eroded their cred- Ironwood Daily Globe Published evenings, except Sundays by Glob* Publishing Company. 118 E McLeod Ave.. Ironwood, Michigan Established Nov 20, 1919. (Ironwood News-Record acquired April 16 1021; Ironwood Times acquired May 23. 1946.1 Second class postage wood. Michigan. paid at Iron- MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Press is entitled ex- atrocity. Stripped of obscuring j They have made their "case" Ian- in a rash of "teach-ins 1 around guage, the case some intellects the country. From their perfor- rare als are making consists of cate-i mance to date their gorical assertions —repea ted 1 need would seem to with a kind of visceral stubborn- long round of "think-ins." box. But the box renter would probably have to be able to convince a jury of what was in the box. Virtually all banks carry insurance covering such liability. Law enforcement authorities report that robbery of a safe deposit vault is exceptionally i i caj9 ia ciiuiicu CJl- . . use for repnblcation ] AS18. ness—that bombing is both bad and useless, that the great danger is escalation toward general war, that a proper neutrality can and should be achieved for Viet Nam and all of Southeast Asia, that America is overextended and has no business in great e r be for a 'read-ins' clusively to the of all the local news printed in this newspaper. •• well •• (11 AP news dispatches. The role of bombing in war deserves fair debate. Timely Quotes I'm sick of the business. Maybe I'm nuts, but I think that the television industry should do Member Publishers o» American Newspaper Association, Interamcrican Prtii Association, Inland Dally Press Association. Bureau of Advertising, Michigan Praif Association. Audit Bureau of Circulation*. Subscription rates: radius of 60 mall within • _. miles—per year, 18: ilx months, 18; three months, 13; en* month, SI .90. No mall subscriptions sold to towns and locations where carrier service Is maintained, elsewhere—per year. $18; one month. $1.50. All mall subscriptions payable In advance By carrier, $20.80 per year In advance; by the week, 10 ccnti. instance, the complaining intellectuals have, somewhat i n around and look stupid. -E. Jack Neuman; television writer and producer. rogantly, made their own deter- I'll be happy to be awav from mination of its purpose and pre- it all. it's time they stopped it """""' "" —-* •"— ~ ! -Harry Allen, Britain's hangman, planning to open a motel judged its effect. They have improperly downgraded its impact | and measured it a failure '— against their own standards. In the nuclear age the prospect of escalation can never be dismissed lightly. But John P. Roche, a in Spain when Britain ishes the death penalty. abol- Victor Herbert produced -two grand operas: "Natoma" and Brandeis Univers i t y | "Madeleine." of renting a safe vary widely, de- location and box The costs deposit box and, pending on size. In the suburban New York area the smallest boxes generally cost $5 a year. They are big enough to hold the important papers mentioned previously. Owners of stocks and bonds usually have a bigger box. any something more than jusTs'tand F ° r individuals wno itemlze their income taxes, safe deposit box rental is a legal deduction. It falls into the category of deductible expenditures for protection of income. Bankers are hopeful that costs of safe deposit box rentals will be freed of a 10 per cent U.S. excise tax presently imposed The tax is one of a number of excise levies President Johnson has proposed be eliminated this year. The legislation to eliminate the tax is before Congresa.

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