BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OP NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOUBI VOL. XL1X—NO. 68 Blytheville Courier Blytheville Daily New* isslMlppl Valley .Leader Blythevills Herald BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, THURSDAY, MAY 28, 1953 EIGHTEEN PAGES SINGLE COPIES FIVE CENTS USSR Shakes-Dp E. German Command; Commissar Named Short Foresees Big Decrease in Farm Exports Foreign Service Official Predicts $1 Billion Drop LITTLE BOCK Iffl — Short, director of the Romeo federal Foreign Agricultural Service, said today that American farm exports may drop a billion dollars this year, and warned that it might "mean difficult adjustments at home. Short, wealthy Brinkley rice planter named by the Eisenhower administration to head the Agricul- . ture Departments foreign service, spoke at a state-wide marketing clinic here. "We in Arkansas and the agricultural people of the other 47 states have been backward in discovering and admitting some of the basic agricultural relationships that exist between us and the rest of the world, said Short. "We have a clear-cut, well de- lined stake in foreign trade. The urgency of the matter is plainly apparent from our foreign trade statistcs. Our agricultural exports are dropping. Instead of reaching last years four billion dollars, our farm exports this year may be less than three billion. Cotton Hard Hit Short said cotton is among the '••commodities hardest hit. The world market absorbed more than five and a half million bales of cotton last year, but only three and half million bales this year. He said similar situations exist In wheat, tobacco, fats and oils. "All in all, we are beginning to face a buyers market in which it may be. increasingly difficult to move our products abrovd, he said. . "If we lose any substantial part - o ! f our foreign markets, . H i mean ' difficult adjustments here at home. Some fifty million acres of American cropland are producing for export. To the extent that we can not sell the products of this acreage, to our foreign frieni we face depressed prices, surplus problems, acreage restrictions and marketing controls. Short said the United States needs "a new, realistic trade policy, and added: "We must begin by recognizing that trade is two-way street. He assailed advocates of high tariffs and charged that "we too often condone restrictions on trade that in the long run serve only to hurt us. He said the nation must encourg- age trade through such items as the Reciprocal Trade Agreements Plan, and look carefully at trade impediments. Earlier, Dr. Kenneth Hood of Chicago, an official of the American Farm Bureau Commodity Department, told the clinic that Arkansas farmers should sell their products directly to. the retailer ajid consumer to earn a biggefr share of the consumer dollar. "Only 45 cents of the consumer dollar is getting back to the farmer See FARM on Paee 9 Duties of Russian Army Commander Are Lessened LONDON (AP) — Moscow today removed its army commander in East Germany from all duties except command of Soviet troops and appointed a Russian "supreme commissar" to supervise governmental affairs of the Soviet- occupied zone. Moscow radio, announcing this, * said theilSoviet control commission in Germ|ny now is abolished. The announcement said the Soviet Council of Ministers (Cabinet- had "decreed the abolition of the Soviet control commission in Germany arid the freeing of the su- rer Count Dropped In Plane Death A technical charge of involuntary manslaughter, placed against Alfred P. Wiezalis last week after the plane which he was piloting on a crop spraying flight struck and killed a Victoria far mworker.Mias been dismissed, Deputy Prosecuting Attorney Jim Hyatt of Osceola said today. There will be no hearing on the case, Mr. Hyatt said. A preliminary hearing had been scheduled for today at Osceola for Mr. Wie- zalis, who has been free on $500 bond. Killed by the airplane which belonged to Planters Hying Service of Blytheville, was 27-year-old Clarence Haley. At the time of the accident, he was nagging for the plane, directing its spraying runs over a wheat field on the Lee Wesson farm. preme commander of Soviet troops from performing duties of control in the German democratic republic." The Soviet commander's activities in the future will be "limited to the command of Soviet troops in Germany," the broadcast said. It added: "The DSSR Council of Ministers has decreed the post of supreme commissar of the USSR in Germany be instituted, domiciled in Berlin and has entrusted him with representing the interests of the Soviet Union in Germany." The announcement said Vladimir Semyenov, a member of the Soviet foreign minister collegium, had been appointed supreme commissar. The new commissar will "watch over the activity of authoritative organs of the German democratic republic from the point of view of their fulfillment of undertakings arising from the Potsdam decisions of the allied powers in Germany." He also will maintain "appropriate relations with representatives of the occupational powers of the U. S. A., Britain and Prance on questions of a general * * * Inside Today's Courier News . . . Campanelia's two homers sinks Giants . . . Little League schedule announced . . . Sports . . . Pages 6 and 7. . . * . . Society news . . . Page 4. . . . . . Markets . . . Page 9. . . nature arising from agreed decisions of the four powers on Germany." (American authorities in Washington viewed the move as a Moscow gesture to try to convince the Germans that the Soviets, rather than the Western powers, are taking the lead in winding up the occupation of Germany. (The West took the initiative in offering a "peace contract" to West Germany which the Bonn parliament already has ratified.. It is intended to restore almost complete sovereignty to West Germany. (That arrangement does not become effective until ratified by the Western occupation powers, however, and Moscow meantime had a wide-open opportunity to act. (The control commission which Moscow says is being abolished was entirely an administrative agency for controlling East Germany. (Officials speculated that the See USSR on Page 9 -,<^ K * * '. * Shake-Up May Mean. By TOM REEDY BERLIN (AP) — Russia took its control over East Germany out of the hands of the military today. It could mean withdrawal of troops, eventually. : * The announcement said the Soviet control, commission is abolished. Gen. Vassily I. Chuikov will handle only troops henceforth, and Vladimir Semyenov returns to Berlin as "supreme commissar" for the Soviet Union. Semyenov thus becomes civilian boss of affairs for 18 million East Germans. He served here before as political adviser to Chuikov. Gen. Chuikov, hero of Stalingrad and .lifter of the Berlin blockade, undoubtedly will not remain here long merely to direct 300,000 occu- Rice Named Head Of Korean Drive Foundation 'Names Blyfheville Legionnaire District Chairman Ed A. Rice, a past commander of Dud Cason Post 24 of the American Legion, has been appointed district chairman of the American Korean Foundation. Headed by Dr. Milton Eisenhower, brother of the president, the foundation will conduct a fund campaign to aid Korean civilians during "Aid to Korea Week" June 7-14. Mr. Rice said plans are being made for observance of this week here and cbnducting of a drive in Blytheville. A total of $5,000,000 is being sought throughout the nation, but community quotas have not been set. Mr. Rice was appointed district chairman by G. D. Murphy, Jr., Arkansas Legion department com- nander, who has accepted state chairmanship of the American Ko- •ean Foundation. County Offices, Post Office To Toke Holiday All county offices and the Post Office here will be closed Saturday in observance of Memorial Day. Also closed will be the Arkansas Revenue Department office in City Hall. City offices will remain open, as will both banks and most business firms. Lobby windows in the Post Office will be closed and there will be no mail delivery Saturday. pation troops. It might be, Allied sources said, that his last job in Germany will be to "take Ivan home."Western circles heard last February that the Russians had fixed June 1 as a target date to withdraw troops. The selection of Semyenov to be top man in East Germany is in some respects an imitation of the Western powers who have chosen 'ambassadors" to West Germany. As soon as the European defense treaties are ratified by all six participating nations, the American, British and French high commissioners will be "ambassadors" to what amounts to a sovereign state. Matching West The Russian action was regarded Allied and German quarters lere as matching that of the West. It could mean that Moscow is con- inced the European treaties will ie ratified by all, including re- uctant France, and therefore it must be ready to recognize the Russian zone of Germany as an autonomous state, too. In so doini t would be virtually necessary to withdraw the 300,000 man Red army which has lived off the fat of East Germany since 1945. The Russians have indicated lome new strategy recently by denuding the East zone of meat, fat, sugar, fish and raw materials. Refugees fleeing to the West in record numbers now say a genuine threat >f hunger hangs over the Soviet ;one. In the light of the Moscow an- leuncement today, there was con- ;iderable thought in Berlin that the 'scorched earth" tacts of recent weeks have amounted to a take See SHAKEUP on Page 9 Ike Declares A.F. Cuts Not Dangerous WASHINGTON (ff). — President Eisenhower said today he can give his personal assurance that proposed Air Force budget cuts will not reduce America's defenses beyond a margin of safety. The question came up at his news conference in the wake of sharp debate at the capitol which raised critical questions about his defense spending plan. Rep. Yorty (D-Calif) today accused Secretary of Defense Wilson of proposing cutbacks without knowing what effect they would have. . Yorty, who has called for Wilson's resignation, said he has sought in vain for an explanation he could accept as to why the Eisenhower administration reduced spending request of former President Truman. The only "logical reason" he could find.Yorty said, was what he called the Republicans, "now embarrassing campaign promises of something for nothing-tax-reductions, a balanced budget, and a better 'defense, all at the same time." , "I think Secretary Wilson Was so patently unable to expain the effect of the cuts," Yorty said in a speech preared for House delivers, "because he did not know their effect. The cuts were made without a study of their effects." Wilson yesterday asked for a chance to explain publicly the reasons behind the decision to curtail Air Force funds and goals-from about 16 li to 11 V£ billion dollars. The secretary made the request at a conference with Sen. Margaret Chase Smith (R-Me). She and Yorty had been in the forefront of criticism of the projected reduction ,in the defense budget. Along with his speech today, Yorty released copies of telegrams he said he sent last Monday and Tuesday to Eisenhower, the Joint Chiefs of Staff, Secretary of the Air Force Talbott and Secretary of the Navy Anderson. No replies >£i!»v"6*been received, the congressman said. ..; . * * • * ' YORTY ASKED Eisenhower for an appointment to discuss/the proposed trimming of Air Force funds. He asked Talbott'and An-,- derson for any data they had'i'o'ri the- effect.of such:':reducUpfi.^p8f . they proposed, approved or were' consulted on the Navy and Air Force cutbacks. Gen. Hoyt S. Vandenberg, retiring Air Force chief has said his views were neither sought nor offered on cutting the defense bad- get for the year starting July 1. In his speech, Yorty argued that the lessons of World War II and Korea proved "our urgent need for a stronger, more fully modem air force and naval air arm." During the Truman administration, lie said, many Republican leaders—he named Senate leader Taft of Ohio, former President Hoover and former Sen. Lodge of Massachusetts, now U. S. delegate to the United Nations—called for "more, not less, emphasis on air power." "It seems to me," Yorty said, "we are entitled to know what new facts, if any. justify the slackening of our efforts and the change in our plans. Upon what premises are the changed conclusions based?" ROKs Charge Korean 'Sellout/ Ike Opposes Red China in UN Memorial Day Services Will Be Held Here Memorial t>ay services will be conducted at 8 a. m. Saturday at the grave of Lt. Edgar H. Lloyd, Mississippi County's only Congressional Medal of Honor winner of World War II, on the Court House lawn here. The services are being sponsored by the American Legion Auxiliary of Dud Cason Post 24. All Gold Star Mothers of th« county have been invited to attend the services, the Auxiliary said. A veteran of the Korean war is scheduled to lay a wreath on the grave of Lt. Lloyd, which Is a mon-/ ument to all the Mississippi County war dead of World War II. Ministers of the three faiths hove .been Invited to take part in the services. They are Dr. Alfred Vise, rabbi of Temple Israel; tha Rev. Amos Enderlln, priest of Immaculate Conception Catholic Crurch; and the Rev E. C. Brown.i pastor of the First Baptist Church. At 10 o'clock Saturday morning, brief Decoration Day services are also to be conducted at Walnut Street park at the marker of the Krave of. H. T. Blythe, Blytheville founder, Mayor Dan Blodgctt said today, j; ' Scout Camp Clinic Is Set Physicals Slated For 10:30 Tomorrow A pre-camp clinic for all Boy Scouts who are planning to attend Scout Camp cedar Valley is to be held tomorrow morning at 10:30. Scouts of Troops 41, 22, 36 and 31 who are planning to attend camp are to be on hand for the clinic, at which time they will receive their pre-camp physical examinations. The clinic will be held in the Mississippi County Health Unit, just west of the Court House. Dr. Gean Atkinson has volunteered to examine the approximately 25 Scouts. Weather ARKANSAS—Partly cloudy with no important temperature changes this afternoon, tonight, and Friday. MISSOURI — Partly cloudy tonight and Friday; with a few widely scattered 'showers and thunderstorms mostly north; warmer west and slightly warmer east Friday; low tonight 60s northeast to 70 extreme southwest; high Friday 80 northeast to 90-95 extreme southwest. Minimum this morninn—63 Maximum yesterday—82. Sunrlfie tomprrow—4:40. Sunset today—7:05. Preclp. 24 hours to 7 a.m.—none. Mean temperature (midway between high and low)—72.5. Normal and mean for May—70 2 Proclp. Jan. 1 date—20.38. THIS i»te last Y« r Minimum this morntnK—65. Maximum yesterday— 80. Preclp, Jan, 1 date—23,37. But President Against Stopping U.N. Assistance Senate Group Votes To Shut Off Aid If Enemy Is Admitted WASHINGTON (AP) — President Eisenhower said today lie does not believe Red China should be admitted to the ; United Nations under present world circumstances. He added, however, it would be very drastic thing to withdraw 'J. S. financial support from the J. N. if the Chinese Communists became members. The President's remarks were at news conference. The Senate Appropriations Committee voted late yesterday to shut off American contributions to the J. N. if Communist China ever takes a seat on the U. N. security council. Under the 0. N. charter, China is entitled to a permanent seat on he Security Council. Nationalist 'hina now occupies it. Chairman Bridges (R-NH) said only three of the group's 23 members opposed the ban which was sponsored by Sen. Dirksen (R-I11). Bridges indicated he thought the Senate would uphold the provision. Rider on Bill The rider was put on a $1,104,- JOO.OOO bill carrying funds to run ihe State, Commerce and Justice Departments in fiscal 1954. The House did not include in the measure, any provision like the Dirksen rider. The bill carries about 25 million dollars for U. S. contributions to he U. N. in the fiscal year start- ng July 1. This country has been pgying about one-third of the cost 01 running the international organization. Admission of Red China to the U. N. has been an explosive issue as the Korean truce talks have reached a critical stage. The British government has indicated it would favor the seating of Bed China in the U. N. Ike in. Disagreement With Toft's Statement WASHINGTON (AP) — President Eisenhower said today he disagrees with Sen, Taft's statement that this country "might as well forget the United Nations as far as the Korean Was is concerned." that the forthcoming meeting in Bermuda The President also told a news conference Big Three may not necessarily lead to a Big Pour session with Russia. Developments would have to justify a conference with Soviet leaders, he said. The Big Three session is a planned meeting of Eisenhower, British Prime Minister Churchill i the French premier, to be held at Bermuda in the latter part of next month. Churchill has said he hopes it will be followed by a lop-level meeting with the Russians on East-West tensions. Eisenhower's declaration that he disagrees with Taft was in response to a question. It is the widest divergence of opinion that has developed between ;he President and the Senate Republican leader since the new administration took office, Elsenhower emphasized, however ;hat he believes Taft has a right his convictions. The question, as put to Elsen- hower, was whether he shares Taft's view that the United States might as well forget the United Nations as far as the Korean War is concerned. Answered "No" The President replied no. Taft made the statement in a speech read for him in Cincinnati Tuesday night. Taft also said at that time: "I think we should do our best now to negotiate this truce (in Korea) and if we fail, then let England and our other allies know that we are withdrawing from all further peace negotiations in Korea." Eisenhower, after replying with a single negative to the question, said he Wanted to explain his position a bit. He went on to say he has had a great deal of experience in dealing with coalitions and that it is alwaj's a difficult task. He said it might be easier in certain cases for any one nation See IKE on Page 9 Chinese Reds Attack Allied Lines SEOUL, Friday (AP) — The Chinese Reds sent 4,500 troops smashing into Western Outpost near Panmunjom Thursday night atfer 0,500 Communists seized five hills in Central Korea. In one of the biggest attacks of he year the. Reds struck behind hunderous artillery fire in the West, hitting outposts Vegas, Carson, Elko, East Berlin, Berlin and .he Hook. The Hook and Vegas, two. of the most bitterly fought-over .hills he West, took the brunt of the Siinese attack and apparently held SoSons Say Foreign Aid Cut Is Step Forward By B. L. LIVINGSTONE WASHINGTON (AP) — Some congressmen greeted an administration cut of 354 million dollars in foreign aid requests as a step m the right direction today, but several served notice they expected still further reductions. The 354-million-dollar slice offfr . next year's Mutual Security program was submitted by William M. Rand, acting Mutual Security director, as "savings' from current funds to be credited to fiscal 1954 appropriations. Rep. Ford (R-Mich), a member of the House Appropriations Committee, called the action "encouraging, but declared "Congress itself should relentlessly pursue opportunities for further reductions. Chairman Taber (R-NY) said the appropriations committee wasn't going to accept "the same old slugs for foreign spending until the Mutual Security Administration (MSA) came up with "some Intelligent justifications for the administrations revised foreign aid budget of $5,474,000,000. "Its got to be justified, and its got to be right, Tataer 'declared. "We can't deal just with conciu- ions. S6 Million To MSA Congress granted MSA approximately six billion dollars for the present fiscal year ending June 30, the bulk of it for military assistance In Europe and the Far East. As of April 1, Mutual Security Administrator Harold E. Stassen had roughly $11,800,000,000 In his ill as unexpended funds. Of this amount, roughly $4,200,060,000 was still unobligated, although MSA lays most of it has been pro- irammed for specified contracts. Rand yesterday notified Congress of the savings from unspent ppropriations in letters to Chairman Chiperfleld (R-I11) of the House Foreign Affairs Committee .-..id Chairman Wiley (R-Wls) of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee. ' He said "rigorous screening of this years funds permitted the amount to be credited against 1954 requests, with the possibility that another 5 million dollars could be realized if a "reserve was not needed. This would bring the total credit against the 1954 request to 404 million dollars. Chiperfleld said It was "Important to note that the amounts Involved really are savings and not a curtailment of essential opera- Sea FOREIGN AID on Page 8 49 Missco Men Are Inducted Next Call Slated For Tuesday Mississippi County sent 49 men including 17 from Blytheville for induction into the Armed Forces today, Miss Kosa Saliba, secretary of board No. 47, announced. The call was for 40 men. Thirty- seven reported, three transferred to other boards, five volunteered, three reported who had failed to do so previously and four reported here from other boards. Next call, for 35 mer) to take pre- inciuction physical examinations, is scheduled for Tuesday. Those leaving today were: Charles Edward Emery, Lynn Marse Gee, .lames S. Glispqr. Raymond Benjamin Hodge, Donald Emery Gifford, Johnny William Payne, Robert Earl Perrygin, ogan Perkins Jr., Ed Earl Lee, Bobby Ray Smith, Adran Oatis Downing, Bobby Joe Burns, Stephen Lairy Pan- See DRAFT on Page 9 Ark-Mo Files Rate Dispute Answer Arkansas-Missouri Power Co. said today it had filed with the Arkansas Public Service Commission a denial of excessive rate charges claimed by a group of some 60 Greene County rural residents. The charges, were filed earlier this year by the Greene Countians after n change in rates brought about by Ark-Mo's purchase of Arkansas facilities of Missouri Utilities Co., wnlch formerly served that area. 'Ark-Mo's answer denied charges by the plaintiffs that rates for service In that area were excessive, and slated rates had increased no more than the average of .11.8 per cent which the utility had given notice of. firm. The Hook, one of the major positions guarding the invasion route to Seoul from the northwest, was hit by three Red battalions, nearly 2,000 men, in three assaults. The main blow was parried but fighting still was going on early Friday. Artillery Lit Skies An officer at the front, where earlier attacks by the Reds had been reported stalled, said the skies over the Hook were lit continually by the fierce artillery barrages. The attacks began about 8 p. m. Thursday. By midnight the Chinese had overrun one outpost position In front of the Hook. The chief Red thrusts against the main positions were repulsed in fierce hand-to-hand fighting. Allied soldiers on Vegas counterattacked before midnight and were fighting wiht Chinese soldiers who had swarmed into the trenches on one finger of the hill. 'We are in> control of the situation on Berlin, East Berlin, Carion, Elko and Vegas," an officer at the front reported. He said fighting was continuing only on one finger of scarred outmost Vegas, where the Chinese leaped into Allied trenches. On the Central Front, tough ith Koreans drove the Reds from five outposts in a full day of Ighting, some of it hand-to-hand. Fighting still raged around four other outposts, the Army said. Artillery Alils Attack The Chinese swarmed across no- man's land in the wake of a roar- ng artillery barrage which sent in estimated 10,000 shells scream- ng into Allied territory. Allied lines in the Finger Ridge sector of the East Central Front bore the brunt of the Red charge, the Army said. "It could have been a limited offensive action to take outposts," an Eighth Army briefing officer said, "or it could have been a large-scale harassing action." Allied fighter-bombers streaked across the battlefront to bomb and See WAR on Page 9 Note of Protest Is Enroute to U.N. Command Foreign Minister . .,., Threatens to Quit If New Plan Approved By ROBERT E. TUCKMAN SEOUL (AP) — Bristling with charges of Allied appeasement and sellout in Korea, thfc South Korean government today spelled out its opposition to the latest Allied truce proposal in a note to the United Nations Command. Maj. Gen. Choi Duk Shin, South Korean truce delegate, left Seoul late today to deliver the message to Lt. Gen. William K. Harrison, Senior Allied -negotiator, at Munsan. Contents of the note were not made public. But a Republic of Korea spokesman described it as "very important." He said it gave detailed expression of the ROK government's recommendation but was in no way an ultimatum. Choi's trip came against an increasingly-thunderous drumfire of opposition from leaders of this war- battered Republic. South Korea's foreign minister, Pyun Yung Tai, threatened to resign if his government approved .he still-secret Allied proposal for Breaking: the prisoner of war dead- ock submitted to the Reds Mon:ay. While never revealed officially, iouth Korean sources this week disclosed most features of the plan. Referring to two Red satellites —Poland and Czechoslovakia— nominated for a five-nation commission to handle prisoners who refuse to go horney Pyun. said: "Our country will fight troops from such countries." A few hours before delivery .of the government note, nine ROK national assemblymen met for an hour With Harrison. An Allied spokesman said later they expressed "fears and aspirations o! the South Korean people." The assemblymen said they asked Harrison to withdraw the latest U. N. proposal. "Will Keep Fighting" They told a press conference the South Koreans would keep fighting if an armistice were concluded on that proposal. National Assembly Vice Chairman Yoon Chi Yung said Harrison was told the proposal infringed on ROK sovereignty because it was kept secret from the ROK government until just before it was presented to the Reds. And, that if the U. N. should go through with the proposal, the United States would be held responsible for a third world war. The assemblymen said they could not recognize India, which has backed the new plan and has suggested to head the five- nation commission, as an "independent state." One assemblyman said Harrison's only reply was an implication that the ROK views should be lirected to higher levels. The truce negotiations them- See TRUCE on Page 9 Wolker Park Pool Opens Tomorrow The Walker Park Swimming pool will open for the summer at 1:30 p.m. tomorrow, it was announced today by Russell Mosley, Blytheville iHgh School coach, who will manage the pool a^ain this year. The pool is operated oy the Chickasaw Athletic Club. Enrollment Up for Road-E-0; 20 Contestants Anticipated Interest in the second annual Road-e-o, Junior Chamber of Commerce-sponsored safe driving contest for teen-agers, was on the upswing today with several more contestants registered to compete for a chance to attend the state con. test in June, according to T. H. Caraway, chairman of the project. By contest time, 12:30 p.m. Saturday, entries are expected to increase to more than 20 boys and girls, Mr. Caraway said. Mr. Caraway emphasized the fact that contestants do not have to provide their own cars for the driving tesl.'s to be held at the air base. Three new vehicles, a Ford, Chevrolet atyl a Plymouth, with conventional transmissions are be- ng provided by Phillips Motor] Company, Sullivan Nelson Chevrolet Company and Motor Sales Company, he said. The contest to choose Blythe- vllle's outstanding teen-age driver begins at 12:30 p.|m. Saturday with n brief written examination at the Jaycee Clubroom, 309 North Second Street. Contestants will then be taken to the air base to show their skill behind the wheel. This portion of the contest Is expected to get underway at about 1:30. and Is open to the public with no admission charge. Aiding Mr, Caraway on the Jaycee committee for the project are Bill Hrabovsky, in charge of setting up trfi driving course; J. L. Westbrook, In charge or Judging; and Frank Hnrshman, In charge of entries.
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