lov\a a place to gncwr Carroll Daily Times Hera Vol. 101—No. 254 Return Postage Guaranteed Carroll, Iowa, 51401, Wednesday, October 28, 1970—Twenty Pages Delivered by Carrier Boy Each Evening for SO Cents Per Week Copy May Bring Hard Line On U.S. Generals- Two Soviet Students Seek Asylum In Turkey ANKARA, Turkey (AP) Turkish authorities today questioned two Soviet students seeking asylum after the second successful hijacking of a Soviet plane in two weeks. There was speculation that the hijacking would harden the Soviet government's attitude toward two U.S. generals whose plane crossed into Soviet Aamenia last week. Nikolai Ginlov, 20, and Vita ly Pozdeyir, 25, "put a bag ever the pilot's head, trussed him up and landed the plane at Sinop themselves" Tuesday, the semi-official Turkish news agency Anatolia re- ported. "They said let's go, and we came," pilot Alexei Menshikov, 50, said. The Turkish government sent state security police and an interpreter to Sinop, on Turkey's Black Sea coast, to investigate. Anatolia said the pair had been planning their escape from the Soviet Union for two years. The plane, a small two-engine craft of the government-owned Soviet airline Aeroflot, was on a domestic flight from Kerch to Krasnodar, north of the Black Sea, when Ginlov and Pozdeyir took it over. One other passen- ger was aboard, Yuri Derbinov, 35. The first hijacking of a Soviet plane to Turkey was carried out Oct. 15 by two Lithuanians, Pranas Stiasio Brazinskas and 'his son Algedas. They diverted an Aeroflot airliner to Trabzon, 200 miles east of Sinop, after killing a stewardess and wounding three crew members. The father and son also have asked for political asylum, while the Soviet government has demanded their return to face criminal action. The Turkish minister of justice is studying the case, and -there have been indications that the government will let the Turkish courts decide whether the pair is entitled bo refuge under a provision of the Turkis-h criminal code which says foreigners accused of crimes abroad that were politically motivated cannot be sent back for trial. The Soviet ambassador to Turkey hinted Tuesday that the Russians might use a Turkish colonel now being held in the Soviet Union in bargaining for the two Lithuanians. The colonel, Cevat Deneli, was aboard the small American military Beech- craft that the U.S. government says lost its way and landed in Soviet Armenia last week while taking two American generals on an inspection flight in Turkey. "Right now in Turkey there are two murderers and in Russia a Turkish colonel," Ambassador Vassily Grubyakov said in Ankara. "Both from the point of view of friendly relations between the two countries and according to international customs, they must be returned." "The two matters should be considered separately," he said. "However, the two questins have similar aspects. The connection is that both Turkey and Russia have asked for the return of their citizens." Grugyakov did not mention the three Americans aboard the plane: Maj. Gen. Edward C. D. Scherrer, chief of the U.S. military mission in Turkey; his assistant, Brig. Gen. Claude M. McQuarrie Jr., and their pilot, Maj. James P. Russell. But Pravda today repeated earlier charges by the Soviet government that the generals' flight, like that of U2 pilot Francis Gary Powers 10 years ago, was directed against the security of the Soviet Union. The article did not say when the Americans might be released, but there was no threat to put them on trial as Powers was. Two U.S. consuls visited the Americans and the Turkish colonel Monday at a government guest house in the Armenian town of Leninakan, where they landed and are being held. The consuls, Peter Swiers and Richard E. Combs Jr., telephoned the U.S. Embassy in Moscow and reported that the officers were "feeling fine, in good health and comfortable." The two diplomats were allowed to talk with the captives for several hours in the presence of Soviet officials. They took along some razor blades and "a few creature comforts," including a bottle of whisky. The embassy made its sixth request to the Soviet Foreign Ministry Tuesday that the plane and its occupants be released, contending once again that the violation of Soviet air space was "clearly accidental" and due to bad weather. It also asked that the consuls be allowed a second visit; the Russians said this "cannot be granted immediately." An embassy spokesman said he was "not pessimistic" about the men. "There is no reason to think they won't be released," he added. Student Poll Reveals Use Of Marijuana WASHINGTON (AP) — One of every 10 high school academic leaders contacted in a national survey say they personally use marijuana. More than 22,000 youths 16 to 18 years old in 18,000 private, public, and parochial schools responded to the 70- question survey distributed by Merit Publishing Co., Northfield, III. Recipients, all juniors and seniors, Were top scholars and student leaders recommended by the schools, the sponsors said. When asked whether they use marijuana now, 10 per cent replied yes, 88 per cent said no and 2 per cent didn't respond. In answer to another question, 21 per cent indicated that they would use it if marijuana were legalized. When asked whether they approve of premarital sexual intercourse, 5 per cent failed to respond, 53 per cent said no and 42 per cent said yes. But 24 per cent of the respondents ducked the question when asked whether they participated in sexual relations. Of those answering, 16 per cent said they had and 60 per cent said they had not. The sponsors said nine students were selected to write the questions, which ranged from Vietnam to drug use and national politics to ecology. Most of the students said that ending the Vietnam war is the nation's No. 1 priority and a whopping 85 per cent said that respect for this country had suffered because of the Vietnam conflict. On race relations, 68 per cent opposed busing students from either black or white communities, but 84 per cent said they would move into an integrated neighborhood. On national politics, 75 per cent favored lowering the voting age to 18, and 85 per cent would abolish the electoral college. Grand Opening —StafI Photo The Western Auto Store, owned by Cecil Menke, is holding a grand opening in their new location on Adams Street today through Saturday. Mr. Menke, who moved to Carroll from Fairfield four years ago, has added a new furniture display area and a larger TV and appliance display in the new location. Western Auto will be open until 9 p.m. Wednesday, Thursday and Friday nights during their grand opening. Chemical Board Takes Tough Stand On Pesticide Policy DBS MOINES (AP) — Iowa Deputy Secretary of Agriculture Robert H. Lounsberry said Tuesday that new pesticide rules sought by the state's Chemical Technology Review board would be tighter than federal restrictions. The board voted Tuesday to ban all use of DDT "except to control pests of public health importance and pests subject to state and federal quarantine where the application is made under direct supervision of public health or state and federal quarantine officials." The board asked state Agricultural Secretary L. B. Liddy to draft a rule banning virtually all uses of DDT and ODD, a related compound. It also asked for rules to: — Prohibit cities and towns from spraying of fogging with heptachlor, commonly used to control mosquitoes and flies. — Ban the use of inorganic pesticides using arsenic. — Ban the sale and use of thermal vaporizers using lin- dane compounds to kill flies and other insects. The board did not act on organic compounds using arsenic, which have applications in medicine and as feed additivies. It noted that suitable substi- tues, in most cases, are not available for such organic compounds which contain arsenic. But in asking Liddy for the ban on inorganic compounds with arsenic, the board noted that satisfactory substitutes are available. Pesticides • . . See Page 2 Seek Beatle Lennon as Witness In Sharon Tate Murder Trial LOS ANGELES (AP) - John Lennon of the Beatles is being sought as a witness in the Sharon Tate murder trial. The defense wants him to say whether the group's songs could have inspired Charles Manson to violence. "We want John Lennon to testify," a defense source said in an interview Tuesday. "We feel he may want to explain the lyrics." The state has asserted that Manson ordered his followers to kill Miss Tate and six others in August 1969, aiming to trigger a race war which he felt was predicted in a Beatles song, "Helter Skelter." The source, who asljed not to be identified, said the defense had been trying for months to subpoena Lennon, believed to be in the Los Angeles area, but "there is an unbelievable wall surrounding him." He added, "We still hope to reach him. He's the most articulate and philosophical of the Beatles and he understands his social and political effect on the world." The defense case is scheduled to open next week—the 21st week of the trial. The source said it would last about a month. Manson, 35, and three young women followers are charged with murder-conspiracy in the slayings. Other entertainment personalities who have been among those flloheduled Ito take the stand are Mama Cass Elliot and J6hn Phillips, both former members of the Mamas and the Papas singing group. Both are said to have known Manson in 1968 when he tried for a career as a musician and socialized with recording personalities. "All of these people are extremely reluctant to testify," said the source, "but they are under subpoena." He said the women defendants in the case are not expected to take the witness stand. Manson is scheduled to be the last witness for the defense. Much of his testimony is expected to be his version of the philosophy he preached to mem- bers of his hippie-type "family." A four-pronged defense is planned, the source said. It will seek to: •—Cast doubt concerning the identity of the killers. "We are going to try to prove that other people committed the offenses." —Discredit the testimony of Linda Kasabian, the state's star witness, by calling character witnesses to say she was known to lie. Among them will be a social worker who says Mrs. Kasabian told her she was out of California when the murders occurred. —Rebut the prosecution's case by calling to the stand every key person named in testimony. Several prosecution witnesses may be recalled. Also on call are persons named as having provided knives or other implements allegedly used in the crimes. —Explore Manson's philosophy by putting family members on the stand—"There are probably about 10 members still in this area. They will really elucidate the philosophy of Manson and show his benevolent side. They will show him as a great nonleader who sometimes kissed people's feet and usually was the last to eat at dinner time." "Here we're starting to move into the bizarre," said the source. "It is not our intention to put on a bizarre defense, although it would be possible to push the prosecution case farther out over the credibility gap. You could laugh the whole thing out of court." This could be done, he said, through testimony that would portray the clan as even more bizarre than prior witnesses have indicated—so odd as to be unbelievable. "But we are enamored of a truthful defense," said the source. "I want the truth. And so does Manson. The truth has a ring to it. You hear it and you know it's the truth. Contrived testimony frequently sounds like contrived testimony." The odds against acquittal, he said, are "about 750 to 1." But he added, "Charlie does not feel all is lost. He has not lost hope." U.S. Bombers Strike Supply Routes in Laos SAIGON (AP) - U.S. B52 bombers flew more strikes today against North Vietnamese supply routes through southern Laos. The big bombers have flown more than 500 strikes in the region in the past 2% weeks. Many of the raids are concentrated in a 70-square-mile area just west of the demilitarized zone. The area is south of the Bang Hien River and north of Khe Sanh, and there have been reports of heavy North Vietnamese movement through it toward the northwestern part of South Vietnam. North Vietnam charged Tuesday that many U.S. warplanes, including B52 bombers, attacked Huong Lap Village in the northern part of the demilitarized zone last Sunday. "We don't comment on propaganda from Hanoi," said a U.S. spokesman. The B52s have concentrated their raids along a 200-mile stretch of the Ho Chi Minn trail through the southern Laotian panhandle. The campaign is so concentrated that no B52 raids have been flown in South Vietnam since Oct. 10. Despite the massive cam- paign, sources said, there has been a sizable, buildup of North Vietnamese troops in the northern quarter of South Vietnam. Informants said one North Vietnamese division is pushing from the west and is poised just southwest of Khe Sanh, and that one regiment crossed the demilitarized zone and is within 12 miles of the provincial capital of Quang Tri. Tons of supplies were reported moving along a four-lane highway running southwestward from the DMZ into Laos and then circling around eastward to the north of Khe Sanh. Both Parties Complain About Absentee Voting By The Associated Press With the general election less than a week away Democrats and Republicans are complaining about irregularities in the absentee voting procedure. Polk County Republicans charged Tuesday that there have been numerous errors in the mailing out of absentee ballots by the Polk County a u d i t o r's office, run by a Democrat. Army Frees Captain in Murder Case FT. BRAGG, N.C. (AP)The Army freed Capt. Jeffrey R. MacDonaild today of charges that he murdered his wife and two young daughters last February. Maj. Gen. Edward M. Flanagan, commander of the John F. Kennedy Center for Military Assistance, ruled there was insufficient evidence to justify the three counts of premeditated murder against the 27-year-old Green Beret physician. Flanagan, who is MacDonald's commanding general, based his ruling on a 2,000-word report of a lengthy, secret hearing by Col. Warren V. Rock of Ft. Bragg. The Army had charged that MacDonaild stabbed and beat to death his wife, Colette, 26, and his daughters Kimberly, 6, and Kristin Jean, 2, and then stabbed himself as a cover-up and invented a story. MacDonald said the killings were done by a hippie-like band of three young men and a girl who intruded in his Ft. Bragg apartment before dawn Feb. 17. Area Forecast (Mart WtiHitr en Pag* 2) Cloudy with chance of occasional snow or snow showers Wednesday night and Thursday. Lows Wednesday night in upper 20s to lower 30s. Highs Thursday in 40s. Rain chances in per ^ent: 40 Wednesday night and Thursday, '. And Iowa assistant attorney | general Julie Garrett said an investigation will be held into charges of irregularities in ap- lications for absentee ballots from two Fort Dodge retirement homes. The charges were made in a letter sent to Attorney General Richard Turner Monday by John Gailey, the Webster County Democratic Central Committee Chairman. One of the Fort Dodge retirement homes which Gailey has cited for irregularities is co- owned by a Republican candidate for county supervisor. The Polk County GOP headquarters has told Secretary of State Melvin D. Synhorst that it has found at least 25 cases in which absentee voters have been mailed the wrong ballot. Synhorst said he was looking into the GOP complaints and was discussing the situation with Turner to see how it could be remedied. Polk County Auditor James Maloney said his office has sent out more than 1,500 absentee ballots for the Nov. 3 general election. He said his office has knowledge of only three instances where ballots were sent to the wrong addresses. But he said the errors involved about 20 persons. Polk County Republican Chairman Bennett A. Webster and Vice Chairman Henrietta Macaulay charged that 16 residents of a retirement home had received absentee ballots for a different precinct and that said one person had received two ballots. They also listed two instances when they said ballots were mailed to persons for precincts other than the ones they were registered in. Maloney said the errors his department has made "are just clerical accidents, and as soon Election .... See Page 2 Meanwhile, Associated Press correspondent John T. Wheeler reported from Phnom Penh that Hanoi has committed almost another division to oppose a major Cambodian offensive expected to start this week north of the capital. The objective of the operation is to recapture mora than 1,000 square miles of Cambodia's heartland. Cambodian troops operating near Kompong Thorn, a provincial capital 80 miles north of Phnom Penh, were attacked Tuesday. First reports said one Cambodian soldier was killed and another wounded, and that 10 North Vietnamese and Viet Cong soldiers were killed. Field reports indicated that the fighting and losses may have been far more serious. American bombers were called in to support the Cambodian troops. A Cambodian spokesman said that Cambodian forces had recaptured the town of Kirivong, near the South Vietnamese border and 70 miles south of Phnom Penh. The area had been one of the enemy's sanctuaries. Cambodian troops were forced out of the region six months ago. South Vietnamese forces operating in Cambodia along Route 7 just across the border from Tay Ninh Province clashed three times with North Vietnamese forces near the towns of Snuol and Mimot. Headquarters said six North Vietnamese soldiers were killed and six captured, while four South Vietnamese were killed and nine wounded. South Vietnamese headquarters also announced the termination of an operation in Cambodia near Kompong Rau, in the Parrot's Beak sector about 50 miles west of Saigon. It reduced South Vietnamese, strength in Cambodia from 17,500 to 16,000 troops. Education Program •—Statf Photo Mrs. Linda Larsen, left, and Mrs. Helen Schwarzenbach, both sixth grade teachers at Carroll Community Schools, gave the poster they prepared for American Education Week a last minute check before it was placed on display in the cafeteria for Tuesday evening's Education Week program. The poster, which gives the Golden Rules for a good school, will be on display in the cafeteria all week.
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