The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California on January 3, 1933 · Page 1
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The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California · Page 1

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Tuesday, January 3, 1933
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..MS- DITION '^' '•',•<;'.''.^ V '"'< v> i'^^", 1 *, ."ij *• "t ? , r "'"%'V ^ r *.''-v-'V i/ 1 " 1 ^'T'' v ' " ' i'S V;> " > ;'* •• u • *' - 'V-. «V "-» ."- • • .- v .i,r V» • ' ,''.•' , ' !• ,, .> N ' : ' •"' \ • • >• < • « « -. -«"i» > ;' • ,*»,' ,., «.', , 'A , • * • • ;. \ >• > v :» • ' ' •* • . v., | -><• . 3 ' s , * V'.^XOl^ »" ..jk '*•>''"' AinJM »• I .' ' '<^. A - ... ^,1" _-.'„_. !5"* LAST EDITION COMPLETE ASSOCIATED r.tttW LEASED WIRE .. .- 1 . _ ..... * . ._ k.. „.,__ THE GREAT NEWSPAPER OP THE 80VT.HKRN SAN JOAQUIN VALLEY FULL AND EXOLUSIVfr UNITED PRESS REPORT **' 'W VOL, XLII 14 PAGES •t ,JAV * '»•' * #• - , - * ' ' * BAKERSFIELD, JCALIFORNIA, TUESDAY, JANUARY, 3, 1933 TWO SECTIONS No. 134 00.00 IDLE AID ,* *'• '.-* * * * * *. FOES OF REGROUPING PLAN its Widespread Move Afoot to Lessen Burdens on Real Estate MANY ATTRACTED i * BY TAX ON SALES Is jP Heavy Deficits Faced and 'Lawmakers Seeking Best Way Out By RALPH H. HEPPE (Associated t y re»n Leased Wire) S AN FRANCISCO. Jan. 3.—Eco- noiny and tax reform,' with a •^•Idespread move ,to relieve real estate of much of the tax burden_are the chief problepis before^ legislatures of seven, far-western states convening this month. Faced in several states by heavy •deficits, which (^California is estimated as high as 112,000,000, the lawmakers are scratching about for new eourcefl of revenue tp> replace present unproductive ones, and for means to econo- k mice'all along, the'line. Sales Tax Attracts A general sales tax has drawn attention in five" states. Political leaders of Idaho, Washington and Oregon met recently and ^agreed to urge enactment of a uniform sales' tax in the three states. The move was made to protect local Industries from interstate "bootlegging" .to escape a sales tax. ; A plan tentatively agreed upon would levy a 2 per cent tax on retail sales and .expenditures for labor over a period of 26 months, with no Increase in selective taxes and no exemptions. Utah and California legislators also ore.considering a sales tax. In Oregon, Washington, Utah and Nevada, taxes on real properties are matters'of major consideration. Must Find New Revenue Governor'Julius I,. Meier of Oregon abolished the' state' real property tax last: year • and the Legislature must 11 nd a new source of revenue to take its place. Washington voted to limit Us reul estate tax to 40 mills, the state tax commission of Utah recommended aboiltlpn .of the property, tax and in Nevada the council of county taxpayers' associations has recommended a 35 per cent reduction' In the state tax iflte. . f Othsr Major Issues Repeal or amendment of state liquor la-n's, legalization of- boxing and horse rnc^ -betting, consolidation of state departments, abandonment of state schools, changes in gasoline tax dls' trlbutlon, branch banking and unemployment relief, are some of the other major Issues confronting state Assemblies. , ' The Legislatures of California and Idaho assembled and started orgnnlza- "[on" yesterday and those In Oregon d. Utah, met today. Arizona and Washington legislators gather to start wmaklng, on, January 9, and the Assembly of Nevada meets Janu- arj', 16. Msy Probe Rolph Regime An investigation of Uio administration of Governor Kolph of California under whose government a surplus of ?30,000,000 has luriusd into a deficit, variously estimated from $9,000,000 to $12,000,000, IR expected to be proposed by the lawmakers. Oregon legislators moot in a five- day special session anticipating that some kind of a sales tax will be en- f Continued on Page Two) THE WEATHER San Francisco bay region: Kulr tonight and Wcdneuday; cooler to'-* night; local frosts Wednesday morning; moderate changeable winds becoming northwest. Northern California: Clearing to•; night; somewhat colder interior of north portion tonight; local frosts; Wednesday, fair; moderate north- weat winds offshore. Sierra 'Nevada; Cloudy', tonight .with occasional snow and somc- *what colder!"Wednesday fair; mod- •erate westerly wlndg. • \ •Sacramento and Santa Clara wlleys: Clearing and slightly colder tonight; . local frosts; Wednesday fair; gentle changeable wlnus becoming northwest. ^ • ' :.: .'Ban Jonquln valley: Cloudy to- nlrht; - local frost and fog; Wednesday fair; gcntlo variable 'winds • becoming i northwest. • ', -; Southern California: Partly cloudy 'tbnlght and Wednesday; local frost in Interior; moderate variable winds offshore.; • / Rtiosevelt First Step Will Be Reduction in Costs of Government 350,000 Bales of -Cotton Voted to Red "Cross Relief - (United Fret* Leaned WASHINGTON, Jar). 3.—A bill authorizing the use of 350,000 baits of farm board cotton by the, Red Cross for relief purposes' was passed by the Senate today. E ROOSEVELT'S President-Elect Giving Deep Attention to Problems He Must Solve . HTDB PARl^ N. T., Jan. 3.—Franklin•• D. 1 Roosevelt began today giving his undivided attention to the program he : Wili"carry.- with him--Into the White House March 4. < Freed; of the governorship of New Tork, the president-elect.'haw singled out tho *Hsk of balancing the federal treasury'as the first of the national, problems-with which-he will'deal. To this end he will confer Thursday night at his New York City home with party leaders in Congress. Severe economy and, it necessary, new taxes are in line.for approval at this .parley. The ( president-elect hopes to go Into his first year with an income for the federal government that will match tho outgo. ' »*.'.•/ But the presiderA-elect has a' multitude of- other' problems confronting him, including .the selection .of a cabinet and envoys to represent him abroad in the negotiations he will undertake with individual nations for a Rettlomtnt of the war debts and adjustment of the tariff. , All these are now before him and from tonight henceforth he will devote himself to choice of the men to carry out the very definite Ideas,-he has had .In mind' and to study of the problem* In- < volved. It was almost with a feeling of pathos that Mr. Roosevelt made his final 140-mile round trip between Hyde Park and Albany yesterday.- In his goodby to the state at the Inauguration , ceremonies, he' 'proposed closer co-operation between..the na-.' tional and state- governments 'wi£h a. view to economy by the elimination of their overlapping functions. • '' • ' BY SEN. BORAH (United Preti Leaned Wire) . WASHINGTON,' Jan. 3. — Senator Borah, Republican, Idaho, told- the Senate today that the farmers' "last chance" of getting higher prices had vanished with abandonment of tho gold standard by 32 nations. Simultaneously It was learned Borah Is canvassing sentiment on a proposal for "dollar deflation." The currency issue arose during discussion of the Bunkhcaft bill to cur- tall wheat and cotton crops. Borah interrupted the Alabaman who sponsors the bill. "Take the present time," -he said, "with 32 nations off the gold standard and the UnltoO States on It, That IIUH ruined tho lust chance the farmer hurt of getting a higher -price for lils commodities. How arc you going to remedy tho -price without jemedylng tho money BituaUon?" Boruli Is understood to foci that tho United SluteK Is rapidly approaching the time when thu problem of the dollar must bo cunBldered. lu 'congressional dlscUNsiun several methods of cheapening the dollar from Its present high levels have bce'n pr&posed. 1. EJxtend the Borah-Glass currency expansion program from Its present VI,000,000,000 authorization to three to five times that sum. 2. Remonetlze silver. 3. Revalue the gold dollar by reducing its gold content. By RAYMOND CLAPPER (Co»yri§V 1933, by Unlttd Preii) W ASHINGTON, Jan. 3.—Reduction Of government costs commanded attention today as a prime object of the incoming- Roosevelt administration. House and Senate Democratic leaders, preparing to confer with tho president-elect In New Tork Thursday, are known to regard cutting down of government . expenditures from tho boom period levels as one of tho first Jobs to be tackled. They are ready to grant Mr. ROOHO- •volt almost dictatorial powers to do it. They see this as tho chief alternative to Btil) heavier taxes. Speaker Garner estimates government revenues are falling behind expenses $100,000,000 a month. This Is $3,333,000 a day; it Is $140,000 an hour; it Is $2300 a minute. Within the coming year $7,000,000,000 In government securities come due. That is more than half tho amount of the European war debt. It represents J7 for every minute that has elapsed since the birth of Christ. Must Show. Economy When a farmer or a home 'owner goes to the money lenders to renew his 'mortgage, the banker wants to know whether he is keeping up with his expenses. If ho can't earn what its costs him to live,, then h|8 credit, goes btta." ; : ''----,r":"' -'•••--•••- '-'--• Government Itf now Jn the position of the man who Ims let his expenses get out of hand and can't keep up his-payments. Some cities arc practically bankrupt. In New York bankers have demanded certain: municipal economies before they will lend any more money to the largest and richest city in the country if not in the world. Need $7,000,000,000 Loan Npw in (effect 'the. federal government Is about to go to the money lenders to ask for renewal of a $7,000,000,000 loan. That-Is what it amounts to in rough terms. The bankers do not expect the federal government'to go bankrupt. .But when they know that Us expenses are each day falling, more than $3,000,000 behind its income, they want to know what la being done about It before they decide how much interest they are go- Ing to charge the government. Actu- ally'the matter Is considerably more complicated, but in rough terms that is what it amounts to. 15 Pet. of Income for Tax The report of the President's committee on social trends, Just issued, declares the tax bill of the . federal, state and local governments in 1930 was'15 per cent of the Income of tho people. Last October Franklin D. Roosevelt estimated that the national income would bo about $45,000,000,000 and the cost of government ,abbut "$15,000,000,000, or one-third of the entire-income... • This would mean that the taxpayer would theoretically work four, months a year to support'-the government. .. , ," Uncle Sam Reckless v, Siich estimates, though they vary, *alV,polnt to one centsul fact. While theynatlonal Income has shrunk .possibly by one-third, when private business has resorted to every conceivable means of economizing, when at least 10,000,000 persons are out of work and millions of others are barely existing on part-time employment, the government has continued to ride along in a Jolly boom-time expansive -mood, spending money in many ways which are due to be ruthlessly scrutinized by tho now administration. TWO YOUNG WOMEN BEAT IOWA FARMER 1'rcnn t.i'uxcd Wire) SIOUX CITY, Iowa, Jan. 8.—As a result of a beating at the hands of two young women, G. W. Moore of Jjyons, Nob.,- 88-year-old farmer, was la a hospital today suffering from cutB, bruises und u jjos.slble fractured skull. The women. Jean Clark, 20. and Betty Myers, 22, both of Omaha, were held. Tho police said the farmer hud $3(00 In hlH poukelH. Thu officer who made the urrest said Moore told him In: met the women in Oinulm and-that they accompanied him to Sioux City. The officer said he found them struggling with the old man and beating htm over the head with a water pitcher. 15 Men Robbed of Trousers and $1250 (Aitooiatcd Frets Leaned Wire) SAN PRANC1BCO, Jan. 8.—Fifteen men lost tholr trounera toda/ when four masked banditn held up a coffee shop In the Mtsulon. The victims also ruuurlod uuah loaaos gf $1250. COMMENT BY WILL ROGERS BEVERLY HILLS, Jan 3.—(To 1 the Editor of The Bakercfield Call- fornlan:) Same facet, same men Issued New Year "outlook" predictions. It looks like they just stay In business all year .to get to tell "what the New Year has In store for us." Everyone-have enough to live on no matter what hap-, pens. But I hav*- 1 never seen a paper print what a poor man thought of the "coming year." Suppose at a hanging In a Jail the • reporters got statements' from the w.arden, and all the spectators, but no one asked the convicted man "what he thought' the future had In store for hlM?" So tomorrow after these others have all been forgotten as usual, I have one from Just such a man to tell you. Yours, WILL ROGERS. For mer Governor Dubious as to Gloomy Forecast of Sponsors • „. NEW nocrncy'i ment even more severe than now current was given: limited Indorse- ment 'today by the President's research committee on social' trends but was received by Alfred IS. -Smith with good-humored skepticism. The Technocrats, who have making a 30-year study of unemployment and other problems of the "machine age," predicted .20,000,000 jobless within two years If the 10-year rate 'continued. W. P. Ogburn of the University of Chicago and a member of President Hoover's committee, reported that "there are so ninny new inventions Indicating displacement of labor that technological unemployment may be an- even more serious problem of .'the near future than It Is now." Proof Not Adduced Alfred K Smith,- .writing In' tho new Outlook published today, said that "Whe.n I am told that, at the present rate we will have • 20,000,000 unemployed In 1034 on account of increase in machine efficiency without taking into account the depression, I look for proof of such figures but- find none. 1 ' . * • •' • Smith ridiculed what he called tho vision of- the Technocrats which called for control of the government by scientists and engineers. "I can not refrain from mentioning tho fact," he said, "that we have finished an era of government by engineers at Washington and that ''the, people of, the country did not seem to like ft." , ' Study Beneficial The J928 Democratic presidential candidate thought, however, that "much good" would come of n study such as that made by the Technocrats/ He suggested their leaders would have to substitute plain English for the "unintelligible" language they now use, If they wnnted ' converts, and he said they ' were "unnecessarily intolerant" systems and leaders. of existing BANK ACQUIRED ' LOB ANGELES, Jan. 3, (A. P.)— Acquisition of tho First National Bank of Redondo Bench by the Bunk of America was announced today. The Redondo bank has a capitalization of 1200,000 and tv surplus of $138,000. • TWO GUNMEN SLAIN CAPE GJRABDEAU.' Mo., Jan. 3, (A. P.) — Two unidentified gunmen were shot! to death by seven policemen In a pistol tiattlo in a. second- story flat hero toiluy. Tho men wure jsusuucU'd of a burglary of a cafe. CALIFORNIA DEATHS BY MOTOR 2m IN 1932 (United l'r.enn Leuiad \rtr.r) SAN FRANCISCO, Jon. 8.—Califo'r- nla came within,225 of leading tho nation in number of automobile fatull- tles during 1932, when an8 person* were killed In this state, uccijrdlnjf to u preliminary report of statistics com- pllnd hero. New York, with ; . 2343 deaths, nosed out California for tho lend, and the , two wtutOH were' far ahead of all otlVerw. Fatal uruldenlH In California showed a decrease iu comparison with-1831, when 23.17 persons wore killed, lessened UBO of motor vehicles WIIM considered a contributory cause of the decline. In the nation as a Whole, 21,767 persons were killed, compared with 2G,- 463 deaths, fh 1931, according to incomplete reports. , France Will Defer Further Debt Talk ' (United l're»» Leaned Wire) WASHINGTON, Jan. 3.—An indication that further Franco-American debt talks will bo postponed ui-tll after tho Roosevelt administration mi- tors office was given today by Ambassador Claudcl of Franco after u talk with' Undernocrotary of State Cubtlo. Or Else Give More Power to Next President, He Insists DELAY VIEWED AS SINISTER "DEVICE" Would Increase Tax on Utilities; Approve Lam^Duck Measure Avers Scheme Afoot Defeat Proposal in Future to Pros Leased 1l'<r«; WASHINGTON, Ja'n. 3.—Presl- ™ dent Hoover today hit out. at congressional opposition to his plans/for regrouping govornmentul agencies, saying in a statement tliat unless CpiigfeBS "keeps its make-believe." Calling in newspaper men for'his first press conference since September 13, Mr.' : Uoovor said he' considered "the proposals of Democratic leaders In Cong-runs . to stop the reorganization'!, to be ' "a backward step." - , Scents Trick .' The chief executive, added that '•'< he belUved.proposals on Cupltol'HIll "to transfer thu Job 9f reore^wliiution -to njy successor" were sljnply "a-dev|co" by which -his plan's could be defeated. The President recently sent a special • message to» Congress proposing regrouping of more than CO federal agencies and commissions Into .nine divisions, along with the abolition of ' By HOMER L. ROBERTS (Vnilcd I'rctt Lennf.d Wire) S ACRAMUNTO, Jan. 4,—Marking the opening of what promises to be ono.of the most blttor flghtM of tho 1983 Legislature, Senator J. M. Inman of Saorumonto today served no- tlco he would Introduce a bill raising tho tax rate on public utilities. In the Assembly, William B. Horn* blower' of San Francisco asked the lawmakers petition CongroHs to mib- mU the quoHtlon of repenting tho ISIghtconth atiKHulmont to Ihn 48 states In state uonventloiiH. Sees 912,000,000 Revenue The utility tax InoroHHo bill, Senator Tnmnn said, Is based, word for word on tho report of Hie state tax. research bureau, which pointed out that an equalization of public utility taxes, particularly those of gas, light and power companies, on a basis equal with private property, would not the state $12,000,000 for tho blennlum. "Tho work of tho tax bureau cost the taxpayers it largo, sum of money- und wo should avail ourselves of it. To ignore the .report hnd Tall to a'vnll ourselves of tho revenue suggested Dimply monns that the. added burden will fall on the. shoulders of the small taxpayer, already overburdened fey ^axea.,1' Seimtor Intnan said.- . ...," "ft Is my conviction thai the Legislature should firmly rnftme to countenance any move to find new Mouroen of revenue until such a measure in passed." He advocated a central division, of public works, consolidation of merchant marine activities, u reorganized public health division, and other changes. President's Statement The President's statement, in part, follows: : "Tho proposals of Democratic leaders in Congress to stop the reorganization of government functions which I have made Is a backward step. Tho same opposition has now arisen wjiich has defeated every effort at reorganization for 25 years. -"The chairman of one, House committee discloses: 'Many members of the administration ItseU opposed Mr. Hoover's plan,' but that he had not called them to testify because 'ho saw no reason to embarrass them'." Ho could add that outside groups, congressional committees and members of Congress fear a reduction, of Influence In' the 'administration : of these functions. ..'•'. : Claims Effort to Defeat "The proposal to transfer the job •of reorganization to my successor is simply a device by which It Is hoped that these proposals can be defeated. Statements that I.have made over 10 years us to the qpposltloh which has always thwarted reorganization have cgrno true. . .' . "Any real reorganization sensibly •carried out will sooner or tutor embrace, tho 'very orders" I have- iHMiiod. For Instance the consolidation of nil ugenules Into one co-ordinated publlu works' functions has been recommended by every study of the subject all these years. ISve'ry other ad(Continued on Page Two) •> » «• Man, Four Children Perish, Stove Blast I'rem heated Wire)' MIDLAND, TBXUN, ,jau. ,1.'— Jltvo ptirso'ns were burnpd to 'death toduy at Bar«tow, Ward county, when giiso- llnc poured on a wood stovu fire exploded. The dead: Walter Hood, 40, and three of his young children and the child of his brother, Jnclc Hood. Mrs. Walter. Hood and Sir. and Mrs, Jack Hood were burned severely and worn taken to a,Pecos hospital. Mrs. Charles B. Nichols, who lived nearby, rushed to the Hcene when she heard the blast und aided in rescuing the three persons, SUPER. CABINET. PROPOSED WASHINGTON, Jan. 3. (p. P.)— Creation of a super-cabinet to advise the President and Congress on all probitims nffoctlng national stability and welfare was propound today In iv hill spuiiKorod by SttriatofH Tydlngs, Democrat, Slarylund, . and Uuiaucrul, Ui^urulu. BILL URGES REPEAL OF QIN.MARRIAGE LAW SACRAMENTO, Jan. 3. (A. P.) nepeul of Cullfornla'B three-day marriage law was risked in a bill filed in the state Assembly today by Percy a. West, biucrameiilo. • . Assemblyman West declared the wait of throe days between application for a marriage license and Issuance of the license had caused a material decrease In the number of marriages Jn the state. Couples who are unwilling to wait three days before marrying now cross tho border Into Nevada and pregon, West declared. About a dozen bills were Introduced In the Assembly as business of the (tension got under way. AsHnmblyinun Lawrence Cobb, Los Angeles, and W. W. Hoffman, Oakland, presented a bill to repenl the acquisition and improvement act of 1025, known as tho Mattoon net. They said taxpayers were unduly burdened by provisions of tho law which add delinquent taxes In improvement districts to tho following yearly assessments. McAdoo to Speak Tho Senate votefl to sit Jointly with the Assembly, and members of the Democratic Electoral College here tomorrow at which time United States Senator-elect William CJIbbH McAdoo .Is to nddress the 28 electors who come to Sacrumento to cast ballots for president nnd vloo-prosldent. Skeleton bills, consisting only of a number und title, to bo changed later by amendment, were attacked by Senator J. M. Inman of Hnunimento. He served notice in the Senate he would raise a point of order against such legislation, deolarlng abuses resulted from the practice at the last legislative session. Ratify Lams-Duck The Assembly adopted a Joint resolution ratifying an amendment to the federal Constitution 'which would eliminate tho so-enlled "lume-duck" sessions of Congress and change the date on which tho President starts bin term of office. The same resolution was Introduced- in tho Senate yesterday und referred to committee. ROLPH TO DELIVER MESSAGE TONIGHT HACKAM1SNTO, Jun. S. (A. P.)—Bills designed to euro «ome of Callfornla'n etionomli! and financial Ills ware ready for Introduction today an Uullfunilii'H fiftieth Icglslntlvn HUHHlnn KWUHK into ltn second day. The high spot on the duy'K program WUH Governor Holph's biennial meHuiige to tho lawmakers. MemberH of both HOIIKCH will meet In the AnKombly chamber ut 8:30 p. rn., to hear I hit dilof exeuutlvu out- lino tho Htute'H problems—chiefly financial—and offer recommendations fur solution. Aid Delinquents A number of legislators uald they were preparing bills to lighten penalties for nonpayment of taxes to extend time for tux payments, und similar movcK to uld harassed property owners. Much proposed legislation mentioned In corridor conversations dealt with flnuncep, taxation und Mm- llur problems, born of the buMnesu decline. . Lines of legislative activity, confused and uncertain UN the.eeKslon opened yesterday, were expected to be straightened out ufter Governor Uolpl) preHents hlH picture of, wha,t the state needH rind how to gb about getting it. AilmliilNtrutlon auiipurlora will huvo tliclr (KiMltlon ulurltltnl, dud oppo;i«ii(u of lint Hulpli regime will tnivu tltllnlto pulntu uruund which to wueo llfihta. Three Bandits Rob South Bend, Ind., Bank of $15,000 f AtHoatatcit Premi J.nnocrf Wire) • SOUTH BEND, Ind., Jan. 3.— The Wests™ State Bank of South •end was held up today by three men who escaped with between $12,000 and 915,000. Dcniocrutic Lcudcrs Suy One Called, Should Be Eurly iu Y.eur if 1'ren Leaned Wire) WASHINGTON, Jan. 8.—Tho possibility that PrciHlclent-clect lloonevelt might cull the now Congress intp special session April 17 was dlscusued today by Democratic Jondern. Most of the ahleftnlnn said privately that If ail extra assembly is called, It should bo within n few weuks after tho new ad- inlnlstrntlnn takes over the govorn- mont on March 4. Only six weukH -would hnvo elapsed between Inauguration day unfl April 17, and then It was notod In 1029 President Hoover assembled the now Congress on April 15. Speaker Garner reiterated today that he thought It would be "dlf-* floult to avoid an extra session" In view of the "lame duck" Congress attitude toward the Democratic legislative program and Indications that the legislation may fall of enactment. Itepresontattve Ralney of Illinois, the Democratic floor leader, mild ho felt that tho new Congruus should meet us Moon as possible after the present one dies. In the Senate, Democratic chleftalnH generally concede that tho tieventy- .thlrd Congress must ho culled together some time In the spring. Thu reason April 17 is vlewud us u loglcal'duto Is becauxo they bullevu that the Hesulon 1 could bo ended by not later than July 1 or before the»summer heat Invadex the capital. DEFERS ARRAIGNMENT (dnited Prats Leaned Wire) PHOENIX, Arm., Jan. 8.—Arraignment of John J. Halloran, wealthy lumberman, on a Grand Jury Indictment accusing him an an accessary after tho murder of Agnus Ann Lerol by Winnie Huth Judd today WBH continued until 6:30 a. m. tomorrow. The continuance was granted by Superior Judge Howard C. Speukman when the new county attorney, Rens L. Jeiinliies, asked time to study it defense inotmii to «et HKldo und quutih the indictment, and also tho Indictment Itself. Contentions that the Maricopa county Grand Jury WUH blaned und prejudiced against Halloran when It returned the indlctmunt und that the Jury had not been xelctrted properly wnre contained In the defeiiHo motion, Frank O. Smith, attorney for Hal- lorun, told Judge Speakmnn tho motion was not to bo considered "as a perfunctory gesture," "We are prepared to argue It out on two major promise^" ho Hiild. "Bias ami prejudice existed ngulnut Hallorun," Hmlth declared after Judge Sponkinun had continued the huurlng. "It IM evident from the Grain! Jur.v's action In returning an Inulotmont against my client and then on the Hume day recommending Mrs. Judd'a Nflntence be commuted because it believed she shot in self-defense." McLane Quits State Board of Education / __ (Amoclated 1'reKti Leatt-.d Wire) KRESNO, Jan. 3.— C. 1^. McLriino, veteran ' California eduvutor, announced toduy he had reHltned from the state board of education, effective today. BuslneHH reasons were given. McLane hax been an educational worker In Fretmo county for more- than SO yeuva. N. Y. POSTMASTER NAMED WASHINGTON, Jm>. 8. (ir. p.)— President Hoover bent to the Senate tgdtty tlio name of John J. Klclcy for appointment us postmaster of Nu\v York City. • Hearings Open on Bill by La Follette, Costigan to Stir Public LATTER CRITICAL OF POLITICAL LEADERS Gloomy Facts Presented by Dr. Jacob Billikopl', First Witness ( United Prctt Lnifcd Wire) WfASUINGTON, Jan. 8.—Senator " CoBllgan, Democrat, Colorado, today began the drive for further federal relief activities witli a plea for the abandonment cj! "penny pinching Coniproinlaes"-br ithe nation's Industrial and political leaders). Providing at d' heurltig of the Senate manufacturers'^.committee on the $500,000,000. relief!*bill sponsored by hlmxolf und Senator -I«a Kol- lotto, nonubllcan, WlscniiHln, CoHtlnan cxpresHcd tlio hope the hearings would OIIUHO ConirreMH- to enact adequate emergency relief anil arouse pulillu opinion lo n "more articulate", support. "Tho purpose of thoso hearings," CoHtlsrau wild, "In to secure tho enactment by ConftreHH of IcslHliiUoii iiile- riuato for the time being, to relievo distress. ' 12,000,000 Unemployed "Approximately U',000,000 are unemployed und In addition a large number of perflonn are reoclvlnn piirt help." "The most startling develonmeiit of this deprennlon," he continued, "Ima lieen the unwllllnjcneHs of a largo part of our national leadership, both Industrial nnd political, to fnco the facts." Pant relief efforts, he wild, have boon oharactPrl«ed by an unwllllngneHfl lo act anil Hubsequont "penny- plncltlnr comproinlBo.s." • Pathetic Story Told Dr. .Incob Ullllkopf, executive director of tlio Federation of Jewish Clmrl- tles, Philadelphia, warned the commit- too that "there Is no cuuao for optl- mlmn toward relief work as we fiita * 10SS." Without 'VaNtlnR asporwlons" at tho^- adnilnlH^rntlon of tho exlctlnsr -.relief" act, T31llll[i)pf urged Immediate revision of the iii-l to nllow "u more liberal and elastic" expenditure of federal funds. "Despite the fatft that $87,000,000 has been given out,' as I under, stand," he ••Id, "the fact remains that through the failure to spend the money more liberally and elaa- tlcally, we have built up health and anti-social casualties for which society must pay," "Within tho past two years." be said, "the burden of unemployment has increased 124 per cent. (Oontinued an Page Twelve) *->-• •Plan Bill to Give Work to 2,000,00ft (United 1'renn Lamed Wire) WASHINGTON, Jan. 3. — A bill designed to "put 2,000,000 men back to work" through public otm- structlou flntinued by it I per.cent lax on nil tnJcH was prepared In tha IIouKc today by Heiirusentative Keller, Democrat, 111. Kellor'K measure alMu provides for reorganlzutinn cif'federarpubllc works activities ami tho. ISKUHIICI) ,of 51,000,000,000 Iu new currency. ADVERTISERS'INDEX . Put BROCK. MALCOLM, COMPANY COCONUT GROVE FOX CALIFORNIA FOX THEATER FRANKLIN GLASS COMPANY GOODNIGHT, DK CERSON. C.. 4. SON GRANADA THEATER HOTEL EL TEJON KIMBALL «. 8TONE... MOSS, SAM D WILE THEATER.. ..,., PHILLIPS MUSIC COMPANY PRICHARD AUTO SERVICE REOLIOK'S REX THEATER.... , RIALTO THEATER 8PRINQOALE 'MARKET UNITED IRON AND METAL COMPANY... VAN METER. DR VIRQINIA THEATER... WEIIL, A.. INC WICKER8HAM COMPANY WITHAM 4. 8001H II ..-v

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