The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California on January 2, 1933 · Page 16
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The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California · Page 16

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MONDAY, JANUARY 2, 1933 editorial Page of Cfje erstftelb Issued Iflvcry Kvenlng Except Sundnv in Bukersllehl, Kern County, California Sintered In post office at Bakerslleld, California, as second class mall matter under the Act of Congruim March 3, IS7B. MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Press Is exclusively entitled to tUo use for publication of all news dispatches credited to It or not otherwise credited In this paper, and also the local published therein. The Catlfornlnn Is also a client of tho United Press and the United News mid receives tho complete leased wire service of both. EASTERN REPRESENTATIVES Uryanl, Griffith & Brunnon. Inc. Now York, Chicago, Detroit, Atlanta WASHINGTON (D. C.) BUREAU Frodftrlo 3. Haskln, Director, Washington, D. C. SUBSCRIPTION PRICE Delivered by carrier or mall In postal zones, one, two, three, per month, 6Ba By mail In postal zones four to eight, per month, SOc enl that not even the man on the job himself knows how to settle his income tax under the laws as they are enacted, or under their interpretation. We may be sure if a business firm were to advise its pa Irons that it had overcharged them anywhere from a dollar to a million dollars in the course of a year, the number of them would decrease so rapidly as to imperil the business itself. Yet Uncle Sam goes on -year after year collecting money and giving it back again,' apparently never being able to learn anything from experience. WE ARE COMING BACK GABRIELIE E. FORBUSH THIS PAPER IS MADE IN T.HE U. S. A. T BUY AMERICAN HE Hearst publications, at the suggestion of their editor-in-chief, William- Randolph Hearst, have been vigorously, intelligently and convincingly stressing the slogan of "Buy American," recognizing, in that policy, the surest and quickest method of restoring normal conditions here in the United States. Happily the idea is finding wide favor among thinking people, and daily there is evidence that the seed is being sown in fertile ground. We shall profit immeasurably by accepting the slogan as our guide and thus contribute to that restoration so essential to the land. We are wondering if emphasis could not be given to the campaign by dealing with it in concrete form, thus demonstrating just how valuable the advice to "Buy American" can be made to the people of this cduntry. Let us consider the petroleum industry. Its stagnation has contributed as much as any other one thing to the business depression here in California. Where there were once prosperous centers in oil-bearing areas, business now is at a standstill. Two-thirds of the thousands of men who were gainfully cm- ployed in the fields are idle, associated industries are at a standstill, and the entire state has indirectly felt the ruinous effect of the closing down of the wells and the cessation of development. One of the contributing causes of the stagnation has been the importation of oil and gasoline. The refineries along the Atlantic seaboard are being supplied with crude petroleum from the wells of Venezuela, and a very considerable part of the refined -products consumed in the United States conies from the oil shipped in from foreign lands. Now 25,000,000 people in the United States are consumers of gasoline. Suppose , that the campaign to "Buy American" were directed specifically to them; suppose they could be impressed with the advantage of buying gasoline only from those concerns which are nonimporters of oil. We wonder if the effect would not be immediate; we' wonder "if, instead of devoting our best ef-j ; forts to the curtailment of oil production [ here in the United States we might not be "- able to give American oil the American ket to which it is entitled. We may be sure that the importers would readily relinquish the advantage that is theirs through th'e importation of oil, chiefly produced in Venezuela, rather than give up the lucrative business of supplying gasoline to the American people. We would like to see the Hearst papers, with their wide influence, prove the value of their well timed advice by the definite suggestion that it he specifically applied to the oil industry, thus supplying incontrovertible proof of its value as to all American products. TT IS significant of the frame of mind of the A America n people that while they have passed through the most trying year, perhaps, in the history of the nation, they are looking hopefully to 1933, with .confidence in a bettered' situation, one that will restore those conditions to which they were so long accustomed. Yet it is worth something to the men and women of the country to have passed through an era which has developed the very finest attributes of human kind. Most of us, in the easy years, gave little thought to the situation of oiir neighbors; we naturally expectdtl them to maintain themselves, if not in comfort, then reasonably well. And because we assumed that, we failed to come into contact with them, failed to understand the problems with which they were confronted. But in the year that is gone, and perhaps in the preceding one, most of us have come to know the less fortunate, directly or indirectly, better than in the older days. And not only that, the great majority of the American people have found themselves not only ready, but willing, to make sacrifices for them, for perhaps never in the history of a people has there been manifested so much of kindliness, so much of generosity as in the past twelve months. Of course our best hope is that the day is near at hand when the millions who now find life so difficult will again be happily employed, will again know the enjoyment of gainful days and comfortable homes. And when that eventuates, we shall not have passed through the trying years of '31 and '32 in vain. The situation has been such as has appealed to the very best thought of the people as a whole, has awakened their finest sentiment, and stirred their noblest impulse. Of course we are coming back; no straight thinking person has any doubt as to that. Naturally we shall not have normal cojidi- tions restored in a day; that must necessarily be a growth because it is necessary to cure the basic conditions responsible for the distressing months we have known. But we are coining back, and when we do perhaps the years ahead of us will find us better men and women than we ever were before, because oi the trying ones through which we lived during the twelve months that are gone. TM» 1> i tpecltl department dorolM Mia)? to lit* handling- of QunrlM. Thli paper put* it your dlipftal the mvlcei of an mtwiilto or- , nuilmion In Washington to terra you in »nr capacity tliat relitci to Information. Thlnerr- Ice li free, failure In make uie of It deprlrei you or bmtflli to which you are emitted. Tour olilllitlon Is only 8 c«nu In coin or stamps en- ciloied with your Inquiry'for direct reply. Do not uao poatcirdfi. ArttlVeia The nakerafltltl <'allforril«n Information Bureau, Frederic' J. ItBskln, Director, Withlnitqn, D. C. G, How much does the.payment of old age pensions cost the citizens?— F. T. A. The annual per capita cost of Id age pensions ranged from 4 cents o $1.35 per Inhabitant. Q,. ; fa It correct for a maid to say Mrs, .Dexter Is not at home,'! when ho caller knows that Mrs. Dexter s at homo?—F. S. •A. This conventional phrase means merely that Mrs. Dexter Is not at ome to visitors. RANDOM NOTES H NEVER LEARNS OW long would a business institution, u railroad, for instance, or other corporate enterprise, or a merchandising establishment, he able to continue in business if its methods were as inaccurate as those of the federal government are proved lo be? Jt would seem it should be u simple mullcr for Uncle Stun to formulate a-set of rules, with the experience of 20 years as a guide, to enable taxpayers lo delinitely determine what they owe the; government, and what is better still, to enable the government to ascertain exactly how much it ought lo collect. But nothing of the kind happens. The Treasury Department has just turned back the astounding sum of $80,533,000 to federal taxpayers, one refund alone reaching practically three millions of dollars. The tabulations were made up by states and the volume covered" huge tables, thousands of taxpayers ; being listed as entitled to refunds. Even Mr. : Mellon, who was Treasurer most of the year for which revisions were made, got back I $7898, while to his Aluminum Company was stored the sum of $91,495. So it is appar- Miuds of men sometimes move in a mysterious way their wonders to perform. An Arizona grand jury, listening to the testimony of a woman condemned to death for a double murder, reached the conclusion tha she acted in self defense, and therefore they recommended that the death sentence be commuted to life imprisonment. Now th wonder is, why life imprisonment? If the lady acted in self defense she certainlj should not be punished eitheq by beinj, executed or t by serving a life term in th penitentiary. That is fundamental, allhougl it does not appear to have occurred to th< Arizona inquisitorial body. * # * It is a little difficult to impress upon local {authorities the nation over that they ought to i reduce the cost of government when they see i that a cabinet member goes on a "lour of inspection" for many hundred miles, taking several people along with him, using a'gov- ernment car and a government driver. The trip could have been made on the train for a hundred dollars^or so, but the journey as the cabinet member is taking it, will cost a pretty penny. We need some evidence in high places to stress the thought that the time for economy has arrived and that it must be observed by all those in authority. Q. Plcaso give a list of "dcpres- lon" psalms.—G. F. 3. A. Psalms under this heading rould include: sorrow, Psalm S8; anger, Psalms 71 and 40; penitence, ilm 88; doiibt, Psalm 2!1; dlscour- goment, Psalm a-i; loneliness and ear, Psalms 42 and 27; temptation, "•salni 13D; anxiety for dear ones, 'salm 91; crisis, Psalm 139; business oversea, Psalm 37. Q. How much does Great Britain's ubllc debt amount to per capita?— H. A. M. A. Tho public debt of Great Britain s $37,600,000,000 or about $911 per aplta. Q. What papers have tho largest Sunday circulation?—H. M. M. " A. The New York News, tabloid, las the largest circulation—1,752,592. ?he New York American, with 1,65,156, leads the standard size papers n Sunday circulation. BEQIN HERE TODAY ' , , Linda Averlll believes her elderly cousin, . Ames Piabody, was murdered when he tell (rent the second story balcony ef th* Avcrllti' Lent Island home because of it f«w werls he easoorl before hie death. Linda ruehes up. stairs. Bemeeno trlei te stre.tie.le her and she faints. There Ira four lueite In the heus»—all suspects ef the erlm», They are: Mr. Slat, Under, buttmu auotlatc »f Tern Averlll; Cantaln De V»s, handsome Belilan; Marvin Pratt, termer suiter of Linda's: and Lien Shauihneiiey, IrUh writer. Since there li no evldeneo en whleh te base an wrest. Lint* knd Tom, her husband, set themselves te solve the crime. They are aided when Detter Beyle, medical enemlner. tende werd that •everyone must remain until he hat ajueetloned them.. Beyle Is en * flshlni trio >nd san net return fer several heurs. Linda flndt the tewel with whl«h the attempt wae made te stranple her—Identified 'by a smear of sunburn ointment.' 8h« learnt that Basle, the maid, hae laundered a shirt fer 8hati|hnneey and Tern Haretin fer the shirt. ' ghaughnettey flndi thle eirt. To ect matters rleht Linde nils'him the whole otory anal asks Aim to help untanile the mystery •t her cousin's death. Shauihnessey Infermi Tern and Linda that he eaw Statlander re- plaelni tha brekin railing of the balcony and that hie manner wai ejueer. Pretty Flour Stener Invitee De Voi to a dinner party next.evenlni. Tom still hae business to dlieuet with Btatlander and It le atreed all the •unti shall ttay »vtr until Monday mornlnp. NOW 00 ON WITH THE STORY "1 feel as though this rnorn'.ng were six months away," murmured t.lnda. "How do you feel otherwise?" Tom Averlll studied his wife keenly as she relaxed on the chaise longuc. "All right. Dead beat, of course, but nothing serious. Why?" "Because, Blnks, If you can stand "And there was something about the way ho said jt that ranfe true. That bit about how : Mr. Stallander turned away as If ho didn't want to •soe—" "I thought of that. It's tho type of thing that's hard to make up." "And what he said about the towel fitted In." "He made It fit. Ho could have nvented all that after you told Tilm about the attack and how you found the towel In Statlander's hamper." "But on the whole I believe him." "And on the whole, so do I." They smiled at each otKfer. "Now," said Linda, lowering her voice Instinctively, "we come to Mr. Statlander. He certainly seems our the knff, I ihlnk things over now. we'd beater tulle I needn't go right Q. What are the meanings of pro- jortlonal, unlimited, and cumulative eprenentatlon?—J. H. * A. By proportional representation s meant representation based upon he number of electors. Inhabitants, tc., in a certain electoral district or ther unit, or In a more popular phrase, according to population. By unlimited representation Is meant that all candidates arc voted for by the en,tlre electorate. By cumulative representation Is meant representa- lon of one who represents not only one but several districts. Q. What Is the immigration quota 'or Scotland?—D. J. A. There Is no special immigration quota for tho Scotch. The Scotch are ncluded In the British quota. Q. How did the Indians tan their cather?—A. M. F. A. Earliest • explores of America 'ound the Indians wearing skins pro- lared with buffalo dung,~"bll, and clay. Mo Improvement in the general method of preparing leather, took place until about 1790 when the 'use of lime to loosen the hair was introduced. Q. When was-the Stetson hat factory opened?—W. T. A. John Batterson Stetson started Ills famous factory In Philadelphia In 1865. His father was a hatter. Q. Was a colonial census ever taken?—C. W. B. A. In 1712 Governor Hunter of New York attempted to take a census, but there was HO much prejudice in connection with it that he was compelled to leave it. unfinished. Q. How did tho elephant and the donkey come to be the emblems of the Republican and Democratic parties?—M. U C. A. These were the Invention of the famous cartoonist, Thomas Nast, who also established- the tiger as the emblem of Tammany Hall. Nast was also largely responsible for the popular figure of Santa Claus as we know it, and the conception of Robinson Crusoe in his grass suit. Q. When were artificial pearls first made?—O. E. A. Fine artificial pearls were first mado in western Europe in 1BSO by Jacquln, a rosary-maker In Paris. back—they're perfectly happy without me—and too much has happened to sleep over It. That is, If we mean to carry this through, we ought to straighten out this evening's gleanings. Are you game?" Her eyes were almost closed but she managed to open them again. "Absolutely," she said, "but give me a minute to get comfortable. I thought It was hot outside but this room's hotter." "Come here a moment," said Tom quietly, and as she stood beside him at the door, thero came the rhythmic sound of gentle snoring from the next room. "It sounds real," ho whispered, "but don't take any chances, Blnks. Remember—when I go—'* Shutting the door again he Indicated the key In the lock. She jiodded without answering. Somehow this simple precaution brought homo to her more vividly than anything that day the constant menace which hovered over them. But sho sponged off quickly and appeared, cool and perfectly calm, to ensconse herself by the window toward the water. "And now for the parley," she said. "First, what do you think about Mr. Shaughnesscy now?" "We can't count him out altogether," Tom answered slowly. "He hasn't explained and he won't explain all there is against him and, while I think that's just stubborn Celtic pride; It leaves him still open to suspicion. Yet on the whole he pretty well cleared himself. "And pretty well implicated Mr Statlander." threw her a quick, appreciative glance. "You saw tha_t, too? Yes—he turned suspicion from'himself very neatly. "Yet what he told^could easily have happened." "Yes. talnly." We can't disprove ' It cer- bost suspect," "There's a lot against him, I've iep.fS in the office that he's efficient as-the devil, but with a terrible temper and the conceit of a Prussian officer. B"or all he's older than any of us here, ie has that thick-set, sturdy physique .Imt often means abnormal strength, and he's In splendid condition. His temper—well, t can testify he has ono —arid he's certainly acted strangely all these days. This morning, for Instance, I found him looking up the chimney, in tho drawing room fireplace. And he had no explanation or apology Lo make when T came In. Asked mo If It drew well, IIB I remember." "I know. I heard him and It struck mo as perfectly ridiculous. But that's no sign he murdered Cousin Amos." "No, but it's a sign he's a little nutty. Who'd ever do that in his right mind?" "I'm sure I don't know. And as for the "personal questions he's asked mo— and questions about the house—!" "Yes. He's inquisitive as the devil. But neither does that necessarily mean that he's'murderous." Linda shivered. "That's a- terrible word, Tom. "t know." He sobered quickly. "Blnks—we can call In the police the first thing in the morning—or even tonight." "There'll still be time," she said. "Till after dinner tomorrow we stick to our 'guns. Have you planned any line of attack for tho day?" "If we eliminate Shaughnessey, we have Statlander, Pratt and DeVos to be considered. Suppose you let me tackle Pratt In the morning. I'll do my best—don't worry about my getting along with him." • •••*• She laughed. • "All right. You can do it if you really try!" "As for Statlander—in tho first place, he is still to be prevailed upon to stay, and while I think ho will. 1: he refuses, that spills the beans. Then you'll have to pump him about the towel. That's your end of the house DeVos -wo can both have in mind. : didn't like that break about getting to the room before I did." "Oh, must I wrestle with that Stat lander man again!" groaned Linda "That seems almost more than I can bear!" "Perhaps I can help you some. I'l try. But I know one thing, Blnka. shan't let you out of my sight wltl him after this." "Could he break me in two as easily as he did the golf club?" she teased but at sight of his face repented "Sorry, Tommy! Somehow I still ca,n' believe It. Well—It's time for you t< go down. • I do think we made som progress, don't ydu?" "Yes—some," he said soberly, bu Inwardly he felt far more dubious ove their probable success than he had 1 hours earlier. They had something on everybody—but nothing convincing! definite pn anybody. Well, the nlgli might bring counsel! He waited In th hall until he heard the little click o By DR. FRANK McCOY Quettltne written by readers ef The Callfemlan, addrettad to Dr. Frank McCoy.- 680 South Ardmore avenue. Lot AnielM, will bo answered. Ineleao • telt-addretaed stamped envelope. NEGLECTED BUT IMPORTANT MINERAL ELEMENTS Q. About sixty years ago was Germany called Prussia?—O. E. L. A. Before the Franco-Prussian war in 1870-71, Germany was not a united country, but consisted of a number of states, of which Prussia was tho most powerful. It was after tho war and mainly due to tho labors of Bismarck that tho German empire was formed, a consolidation of tlto former German states. Q. 'When wan former Mayor Jimmy Walker married?—J. A. K. A. Ho was married, April 11, 1912, at tho Church of St. Joseph, Roman lathollo,, New York City, Tanet Allen, of Now York. Q. Is there more of vitamin C In apple peelings than in the fruit It- aelf?—C. R. A. Apple peelings arc much ftulier n vitamin C than In the flesh near :he core. Q. Was the Issuance of the Kmanc- patlon Proclamation legal?—S, K. A. The Icitul effect of this proclamation was and la extremely doubtful. However, the adoption of tho Thirteenth amendment to tho Constitution providing that slavery and servitude should not exist In tho United States settled that point. Comes wdrd from Stockton that u prominent resident'there has aspirations to succeed Governor Rolph two years from now. Well, we arc surprised! Does not Governor Rolph expect lo succeed himself, and has not he always been elected when he ran for office? The Stockton man has evidently not kept himself informed as to the record. Mr. Merriavn of Long Beach, now Lieutenant- Governor, also, it is said, has aspirations to be Governor. Certainly he has no excuse for announcing himself at this early day in advance of knowing what the Governor pro poses to do about it. to Miss P OSSIBLY our descendants In the year 3000 will look back on the between 1900 and 1932 as th'e of pseudo-science, Just as we are apt to regard the efforts of the alchemists during the middle ages. This Is especially likely to be true In regard to diet. We have recently heard a great deal about calories and vitamins through every medium of publicity and the average person, although knowing little about either, will admit that they are Important. Tho strange part of It all is that certain advanced food investigators have discovered just enough to know that In another 25 years calories and even vitamins wilt be of comparatively llttlo importance In the construction of prqperly arranged diets, I am not alone in this belief. Hero Is what the eminent food chemist, Alfred McCann, wrote: "Tho writer believes that within the next <lvo yearn the vltamlne theory as now exhibited will bo as dead as the calory theory, which Is' no longer exhibited at nil, despite all the noise it once made, and that all the scientific men of tho world will by that time have accepted precious, tho nnd Indispensable, ovor- ever-more-woriderful mlnecul nails, colloids, anil solubles of whole foods, .particularly of the greens and sprouting foods that are In a state of bio-chemical activity, as thu kuystonoK of the arch of nutrition, natural Immunity, resistance to disease, growth, strength, endurance, vitality and normal life." In thp earlier days of food science thoso extremely valuable mineral saHs wero collectively RTOuped under tho unimportant-Hounding title of "ash," and It Is only within recent years that 8ulonll8tM.-havn.comn to realism ,that this aish contains a great variety of mineral substances wliloli arc th« building stones of the ceil structure and .without which life could not exist at all. A curious condition of thn body exists In that death will resul' more quickly from feeding on a die from which tho food minerals have been extracted, even though the die be rich In proteins, fats, sugars am starches, than if no food whatever is used. In my articles I have frequently ,mentloned the need of these mlneru elements or organic sajts, but I frequently havo to call attention to th< fact that these salts, which are found in foods, are not tho same as tab)< salt or other Inorganic salts, such a could be obtained In a drugstore. The really beneficial mineral salts havi boon absorbed and organized by llvlnt. plants. Wo oannot build strong tissue with the mineral olcinonts found 1 tho soil. They havo flr»t to b which was In fault wae never settled. | changed a,ni3 sublimated by tho ex Q. Pleasn give, the story of tho ship called "Little Belt."—T. S. B. A. British cruisers hovering about our const had captured many American vessels bound for France, and liad made a number of Impressments. In May, 1811, Commodore John Rodgers, commanding the American frigate "President," was ordered to put to sea from Chesapeake bay and protect our commerce. When thirty miles off Cape Charles, May 16, Rodgers described a vessel, which he supposed to be the British man-of-war "Querrlere." He approached her and made Inquiries regarding Impressment. This vessel was the "Little Belt," a small British frigate. She showed no colors and sailed awny, the "President" pursuing. Overhauling her about 8 o'clock, Rodgere declared she ran up colors which could not be recognleod for the darkness, and flrod upon tho "President." The flro won Immsdlatftly returned and tho "Little Belt" was disabled In about eighteen minutes. Tho dispute an to he key turning, : then wont slowly ownstairs. ,. •- . . Linda, left alone, found sleep.harder i coax than she'had expected. She eard more faintly from the hall the ven measure of what she supposed 1 to Mr. Statlander's slumbers. She eard the crush of gravel as Annie nd Uosle returned and their whispers nd movement in tho kitchen .below H "they—she hoped—left everything i order for the night. And sooner ar than she would have anticipated, he heard voices In the lower hall, tho urr of a self-starter as the Stoners' muffeur turned over his engine, and he .farewells of the departure. Then Tom's voice In the upper hall, Idding-the two men good night, and 10 was out of bed' and at tho . door o open It again before he knocked. After that, with the sense of relief nd return to normal which his pres- nce guve, she fell Into a sleep so eep, so dreamless, that It seemed but ha passing of a moment before she woko to find the room filled with morning sun and knew that the final ay of their adventurous week-end ad como, *••»-• Feeling the sense of conscious vlr- ue which for some reason early wak- ng gives, she decided she would get p and dress, If she could, without ouslng her husband. Sitting up in ed, however, she perceived Tom 'by he window, evidently ,wldo awake nd ready for what the day might ring. At the sound of her stirring, e turned at once. "Hello, Blnks. Awake for good or olng back to .slotp?" "Awoke and going to get right up. las anything happened?" "Nothing—yet. I've been thinking hlngs over, though, honey, and I feel more encouraged than I did last night." He glanced at the clock. "W.hy don't you bathe and dress, then come over lore and we can talk a bit before we lave to go down." Ten minutes later she was ready— her shower-wet hair combed In sleek waves, her eyes eager, her brown legs curled on the chaise lounge near tho )lg chair where he had watched her •apld toilet appreciably. "And tKey talk about the feminine 'anlty of lingering over the ritual of dressing!" he murmured. "That's-one if my bachelor delusions that matrimony has completely destroyed." 'Not everyone Is such a rapid fire artist aa I," retorted Linda. "Having .o work taught me lots besides office politics." /'But I've been working for years," offered Tom meekly. "Much longer than you ever did. And I can't touch I'ou for speed." "Darling—you're a man." said Linda jrlghtly and appeared, to think she lad ended the dlscualson. After an eloquent look, her husband changed ;he subject. • % '"Well," he said, "speaking of getting down to-work—" "Yes, Tommy?" "Do you realize how much depends on what happens today?" "Do I Everything depends, that's all! Did anything happen last night th'at I should know, about?!' (Continued Tomorrow) TfeN YEARS AGO •>-. (tilt CaUfomUn, thli date; 1*88) "In the name of liberty and peace Sve now dedicate ana lay this cornerstone," Alvln Owsley, national com- mandcr of the American Leglpn dedicated tho new legion home here. Southern California defeated Penn State today, 34 to 8. Arvln has three major ambitions for the forthcoming year; A railroad, highway and telephone -system.', Sir Ernest 'Shackleton, the English. i», explorer, died during the year'of 1922.^ There were 1141 prisoners passed, through tho county Jail last year, v More than 6000 arrests wore' mado In the olty during 1922. - » Nineteen districts-of the city hav« been Improved with better streets, TWENTY YBARS AGO ' •-' (The CaUfornlan, thle data, 1618) Van McCutcheon'was wounded .by a merrymaker's bullet last night. ; . The second new year of the 'new Chinese republic was celebrated br Chinese here. .--•-• : President Taf t received thousands of visitors at, the White House today. ^ President-elect Wilson said 1 today that "13" waa his lucky number. A. L. Churchill and J. B. Borges recovered their stolen.motorcycles today. ffilwood Claflln will return to Oak-* land tomorrow. The Standard Oil Company wildcat more than six miles away from any other well In tho Kern Held, In section 16, Is evoking comment and speculation. THIRTY YEARS AGO CHio California!!, this date. 190H) President and' Mrs. Rooso'yoU. received at tho White'House today. The Labor Council will hold Its New Year's reception at the Producers' Bank building tonight. H. A. Jnstro of the National Livestock Association will leave for Kansas in oj few days to attend its meet- * Ing. The Woodmen of . the World masquerade ball at tho armory last night was a great success, due largely to arrangements mado by H. E. Mattson, George Hay Dr. C. H. Fox. The "James Boys in Missouri" will be presented at Scrlbner's opera house tomorrow. R. Esplnosa was sandbagged and robbed of $5.00 last night. VIEWPOINT OF THE READERS EDITOR'S NOTES: Tho Cttlfornlan will print letter* from readers. Such letteri muat be confined to 150 wonli. written letlbly and on one aide of tho paper. They muit be bona- fldely iltned by the writer with complete ad- dre» given, which will bo publlthcd. No anonyrooui communication will be printed. Thli ii emphatic. The California!! reierroa the right to teject any or ill manuicrtpta and li not mpontlbl* for lentimenta contained therein. WATER HYDRANT RATES In justice to the; California Water Service Company I would state that the City of Bakersfleld's hydrant charge of $2.25 (not $2.50) was not put In the rates by them, but was done at the railroad commission hearing when the present rates were put In effect. The yearly amount of hydrant rental as of today Is $9936 and not $12,000. The city Is now paying on 88S hydrants at $2.25 each or $828 per month—or $9936 per year. JAY A. HINMAN. •emely Intricate chemical laboratorle islde of the plant cells before the re useful to higher forms of life. I make this statement as a deflnlt act, although there has been som onfuslon In tho minds of a few re- earoh workers on this point, since nlmals which were provided with ome of the Inorganic mineral salts n their diets have showed a marked uperlorlty over animals deprived of hese salts. The reason for this, how- ver, Is not that the animal can use ho unorganized salts as much as tho act that, when they are used In a do- Iclent diet, they serve to spare the minerals Incorporated in the tissues and retard their waste through tho >ody's excretion. The best plan, how- iver, is to make use of these salts as hey are provided by nature very- abundantly In certain types of foods. In tomorrow's article I am going to give you a concise list of some of the nost Important food minerals, their uses in the body and the foods which contain them most abundantly, The United States will grow a new crop of Industrial giants as result of the depression, predicts the president of Rotary International. There, little bankrupt, don't you cry; you'll be a magnate, by and by. The era of the $50,000 extravaganza Is ending, observes a Broadway character who produced them. He should stroll into legislative halls in most any state and get new inspiration. "Yellow Kid" Well, the notorious swindler, says crooks aren't brainy or they would know' how to make money within the law. Well, honesty and brains have been passing some dividends too, lately. — The New Year! A time for brave resolutions, fresh hopes, brighter horl- ons and blame It all, new license ilates for the old bus. Considering that Postmaster General Brown's silk topper cost tho U. S. an extra $1700 for an auto with ample headroom, it will not be surprising If 'resident-elect Roosevelt asks cabinet post applicants plea.se to state raining, experience and clearance in ormal attire. QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS How to Take Temperature QUESTION: Mrs. Gaorela M. '"Will you ploaso explain the correct way to take an adult's or child's temperature, also how to read a thermometer?" ANSWER: It is a llttlo difficult to explain to you how to handle u thermometer without being able to show you. With an adult, shaking the thermometer down and then placing It under the tonguo for two minutes with the mouth closed Is tho'proper miithod. This can be used with children old enough to understand what Is being done. In bubios It Is sometimes advisable to tftko tho temperature undor the arm or in the rectum. Probably Hie best thing for you to do would bo to go to your library and ask for some good books on nursing which will explain ,wlth illustrations tho different methods for using tho thermometer. Alfalfa Tea QUESTION: Blbert N. asks: "What do you thing of alfalfa as a drink? What food value has it? I am drinking It three times a day with my meals in plitce of tea or coffeo. I 11 it and it seems to agree with me." ANSWER: There la llttlo food value in alfalfa tea or any other similar hot drink with meals. I do not advise my patients to take theso drinks, but I um sure the alfalfa tea Is an Improvement over tho drinks ordinarily used. QueitUns written by riadart of The Callfor- nlan, ad'Jroiud to Or. Frank MeDty, Bu|ld»rt r.««hani« Rulldlni. LM Anitlai, will ha answered, litiltse ielf.*Mrei ' OCCUPATIONAL AILMENTS There are many occupational diseases 'prevalent amongst men and women who work In dusty atmospheres. Potters' asthma, steel-grind-• ers' phthisis, miners' consumption, tin miners', and stonemasons' phthisis all come under this heading. Printers, tailors and clerks work In dusty at- ' mospheres, and statistics show that they have a fairly high mortality rato from tuberculosis as compared with trades In which the atmosphere . fa cleaner. Every effort should be made to lay the dust, and, If necessary.- workers should wear masks to prevent ' particles from penetrating the lungs. Wool-sorters' disease, or anthrax, can be contracted by sorters with any slight abrasion on. their hands If the, wool Is infected;' every cut should therefore be attended to at once, and any sigh of blood in the wool shouUfv be Investigated. .Industrial poisoning has diminished considerably by the substitution c nonpolsonous for poisonous substance: In the case of matches, workers use* to get "phossy Jaw," but the use of a nonpolsonous oxide of phosphorous now prevents this. Lead-poisoning, or pluralism, la a disease from which house-painters .may suffer, and they should always wash before-eating. .1 Pain is the impetus of most of our progress, It refines our senses. It challenges our mind. It helps us to discover beauty.—Dean van Clute, New York writer, an invalid for 18 years. Beer has nothing to do with students, no. matter what is done about t In Washington.—Professor Wllllath Ft. Slaughter, publication . adviser, Northwestern. University, Evanston, 111. What docs price mean In u country where .44 of u single pound of coal can do the work that the average man can do in eight hours? — Howard Scott, "Technocrat," director of energy survey of North America. I feel that those who voted me down will sooner or later realize,the wisdom of my purpose, for France's entire foreign policy Is based on respect for existing treaties.—Edouard Herrlot, for- mor premier of France. Unless something Is done before another winter goes over our heads, there will be a complete change of government lu America—The Reverend James R. Cox, Plttsburg priest, leader of one of tho unemployed inarches on Washington. , •-•-* A THOUGHT Lift not up your horn on high! •peak not with a ftlff n«ok.—P»alm» 7d!5. • e • Arrogance la" the obstruction of wisdom.—Blon. HOW TO BUY AND PREPARE MEAT ECONOMICALLY Government experts say that 1 meat comprises 16 per cent In bullo of the average American diet. In most families the cost of meat Is. considerably above 16 per cent of tho expenditure for food, and In many homes .the ratio la close to 50 per cent. Meat also provides much more than 16 per cent of the food values of the diet, the protein ratio being about SO per cent, -whllu it provides more than half the energy-producing fats of the average diet. The economical meat Is that from which you get most for tho money, and price por pound does not always determine this. Send for Tho Bakersfleld Collfornlan booklet on "Meat" and Inform yourself thoroughly on thla important subject. Use th(s coupon and enclose six cents for cost, handling and pontage. ? The Bakersfleld Callfornlan Information Bureau, Frederic J. Hixsktn, Director. Washington; D. C. I. enclose herewith 6 cents'-In coin (carefully wrapped) for n, copy of the booklet on "Meat." Name- Street.. City..... State...

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