The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California on January 2, 1933 · Page 7
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The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California · Page 7

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* "/t, f : THE BAKERSFtELD CALIFORNIA!*, MONDAY, JANUARY 2, 19»3 Agricultural Crops Return $8,531,643 to County =.vi Burtch Reyeals Immense Value of 1932 Products REVEALS BIG ANNUAL LOSS Great Business Brought About Largely by , Research •y M. A. LINDSAY , Fir* Aftliir if K»rn C«imty $400,000 Irish potato Indus•*• try in Kern., county has devel- ' oped In the past 10 years as ft result ot research, test plots and trials oil two major problems confronting the growers, that of proper fertilization and saed treatment. This Industry has risen since 1919 from a few carloads to that of sev- ,oral thousand carloads of the finest, large, while- Irish potatoes grown on the west coast. The early history of ,the Irish, potato in -this county was almost considered that of a family 'garden, but due to the constant re- Hearch work, experimental plots, and trlalo. by .the Agricultural Extension Service.of the University of California in kern county, has been able lo assist the grower In establishing a new and permanent Industry . for the county. IrreguUr Yields The yields of potatoes por'acre from 1919 to 1926 was found to be very Irregular, going as high us 156 sacks per acre, but a majority o,f years yielding an average of 50 to 70 sacks. Upon examination' of these different yields was found that the large yields were potatoes that were comparatively free from disease. It was then that definite plans were developed to determine What the disease was and how to correct it. The average yields per acre before the growers were Informed of the proper method of treating the seed was In the neighborhood of 76 to 80 sucks. During the years of 1919 to 1922 the value of seed treatment for the control of potato disease was demonstrated and It was .found that following 1922 up to and Including 1928 the average yield had Increased from 75 sacks to approximately 05 to 100 sacks per .acre, en Increase in yields of approximately 20 sacks. Seed treatment added a cost nil the grower of .not more than $2 per (rare for the material and labor used MI the control 1 of these common dls- fcses "that could bo economically controlled. TranBlatlng this yield into values the grower received in 1926 to 1923 on Increased income por acre of from |15 to $60 by following recommendations for seed treatment which By LEWIS A. BURTCH AtrhuHurll CtmniliiliMr T UB total value of agricultural crops, exclusive of livestock and dairy production, In Kerh county for the year 1982:18 ,?8,,B8l,e;i8< This valuation Is based on Uje average f.o.l). -prices' received by the growers nt shipping point, and does not Include the cost of transportation and marketing, It is lower than the total value of agricultural crops In the county for a number of years past.' This is due to tho present economic conditions prevailing throughout the country aijd not because of any shortage In production or lack of quality.' The .total production of crops this 'year exceeded.that of last year In volume and the quality wad better than any we have produced In a great many years past. ••'••'Grapes Lead Grappa still continue to be tho leading crop In value,.our-production this year being about DOO cars moi-o than last year, and of better quality. The total produced was 3502 cars of fresh grapes and 9093 tons of raisins valued at $2,466,406. Cotton continues to follow in second place. Our production this year was '40,000 biilert from .3S.OOC acres, which Is still a world's record in pounds of lint per acre, and Is valued at ?1,640,000. This includes tho cotton seed. Alfalfa Is third In value producing 177,684 tons from 29,613 acres, valued at $1,243,768. Potatoes ace fourth, with, a production of 2572 railway cars from 4841 acres, and are valued at $888,462. The prices obtained for farm products were exceedingly low, and few of tho farmers showed a profit on their operation. However, despite these critical conditions there seems to have been some compensating factors for In many instances production costs arc reported as reduced, either by good management or by force of necessity Tho condition of agriculture In Ken county is better than It is In mos other agricultural counties, and Is li bettor condition'than most of the In dustrlcs. The' fact has been demon strated that we can produce u lurgi crop per acre and -produce it earlle than most of the competing produc tlbn areas, and due to our favorabl climatic conditions are able to harves our crops without much loss from th elements. This year was exception ally favorable for production and. iv losses were occasioned by rain, hall wind or frost. All Crops Sold There were practically no crops lef cost the grower approximately $2 per acre. • Potato Prooram The program for the Irish potato industry of Kern county as worked out by the growers and the extension service consists of six major points: (7) disease control, (2) oetter quality seedj. (3). proper -seed treatment, (4) proper Irrigation practices, (6) proper application . of commercial fertilizer, f6) maintenance of soil fertility. . Of these six lines of work- the. seed. treatment and use of commercial fertilizer has proven to be exceedingly profitable to the Industry. Many growers, have also Improved their Irrigation tloes, soil management, and dls-. control work, all of which has highly profitable to tho Industry lis the Individual grower. e yields per acre of potatoes In county have been greatly Im- in tho field unhnrvested this year, I spite of the dlscouraglngly low price prevailing, the farmers feeling that I a year like this that every salabl product should be gathered and sold. We are exceptionally free from dan gorous Insect pests nnd plant disease which exist In other states and I other parts of California. The grap phylloxera, which has caused so muc damage to vineyards In other parts o California, does not exist In Kei county. The cotton boll weevil and pink boll worm, which arc su.ch destructive factors In the major cotton-producing states, do not exist here. The alfalfa weevil does not exist in Kern county, yet It causes tremendous losses In other states and has Invaded northern parts of California. We are free from the Colorado potato KERN CROP VALUES FOR 1932 . errles herrles "Igs COMPILED BY L. A. BURTCH, .Agricultural Cornmlillontr FRUITS PfoduetUn 4,620 Boxes 1,963 Tons 1GO Tons ' rip Air»n« pples 577 .prlcots ., .1,080% .prlcots (Dried) 80 ' 48 Pigs (Dried)...., ' illves 741% 'caches 1,053% •ears 737 'erstminons .... 31 >lums 1,494% "'omegranates .. 79 'runes 194% Valnuts 71 Vlmonds . .1 68 Other Fruits 187% Total 6,608 rapefrult 46V, jemons • "% Oranges 1,328 Tangerines 80% Total ....' 1,462% 'able 6,849 Wine 2,763Vi Raisin 7,932% Dry Raisins Total 17,545 Cantaloupes .... Watermelons ... Other Melons 540 1,928 291 Total 2,769 Potatoes ........ 4,841 Cabbage '... 20 larrots 211 Cucumbers 33 Lettuce 335 Onions 1,025 Sweet Potatoes.. U96 String Beans .... ~> Tomatoes 93 aullflower 104 Peas ,....:. .142 Beans 33 Asparagus 40 Other Vegetables 291 Total 8,769 Cotton ' 35,000 Cotton Seed Grain Hay "ki"°0 Alfalfa 2*61-1 Silage Crops 2,000 Nursery Stock... 40 Mint 150 Honey Total 68,504 Barley 1,500 Mllo, etc 23,500 Wheat 57,600 50 Tons 60 Tons 260 Tons . 260 Tons 1,603 Tons 616 Tons BO Tons 2,026 Tons 312 Tons 100 Tons 17 Tons 22 Tons 900 Tons CITRUS 3,696 Boxes 100 Boxes 92,400 Boxes 6,000 Lugs * GRAPES 16,240 Tons 11,134 Tons 18,15? Tons 9,003 Tons MELONS 66,515 Cratea 11,520 Tons 1,183 Tons VEGETABLES 1,133,925 Bushels 1,677 Tons 29,900 Crates 10,000 Lugs 66,340 Crates 595,582 Bnshels 139,200 Bushels 359 Lugs 18,600 Lugs 53,400 Crates 40,000 Bushels 050 Bags 205 Crates FIELD CROPS 40,000'Bales 20,000 Tons , 2,550 Tons '177,684 Tons 3,000 Tons 560,000 Lbs. 37,500 Socks 510,000 Sacks •132,250 Sacks Unit V»lu« $ 1.S6. Box 20.00 Ton 40,00 Toll 800.00 Acre 1«0.00. Ton 90.00'Ton 46.00 Ton 70.00 Ton 70.00 Ton 44,00 Ton 40.00 Ton 40.00 Ton 62.00 Ton 60.00 Ton 260.00 Ton 200.00 Ton 40.00 Ton 3.85 Box 8.00 Box 3.67 Bpx 1.10 60.0ft Ton 22.00 Ton 82.00 Ton 90.00 Ton .90 Crate 8.00 Ton 8.00 Ton t .7R Bushel 12.00 Ton 1.00 Crate .76 Lug 1.50 Crato .57 Bushel .75 Bushel .50 LUg .GO Lug .75 Craje 1.80 Bushel 1.50 Hag 2.00 Crate 100.00 Acre S 35.00 Bale 12.00 Ton 0.00 Ton 7.00 Ton 7.00 Ton 500.00 Acre 100.00 Acre .03 Lb. .85 Sack .70 Sack 1.00 Sack T*tal 5,775 39,060 6,000 18,000 8,000 5,400 11,700 18,200 118,410 22,704 2,000 81,000 16,224 5,000 4,420 4,400 86,000 $ 396,093 J 12,382 800 339,108 0,600 Definite Results , Being Gained, However, in Disease Control By N. D. HUDSON t Ftrm AdvlMr CHAMBER OF COMMERCE SERVING ENTIRE COUNTY DESPITE BUDGET DECREASE $ 358,390 $ 812,000 £44,948 581,088 818,370 $2,456,400 $ 59,864 93,160 9,461 161,488 884,462 20,124 29,900 7,500 34,510 111,482 104,400 180 11,160 10,050 72,000 975 410 29,100 $1,360,253 $1,400,000 240,000 15,300 1,243,788 21,000 20,000 15,000 16.80C $2,971,888 K ERN county grow.ers of plums, apricots and citrus fruits, at the present time arc suffering an annual* loss In excess of $100,000, due to the Inroads of "Little Leaf" disease. Experimental work conducted in the county by tho agricultural extension service ot the University of California and the college of agrjculture, hna now reached tho point whom definite results have been obtained In the control of this disease. It Is believed that at the present rate of progress of this work fruit growers will soon bo In n position to eliminate "Little Leaf" from their orchards. At present the annual damage Is conservatively estimated as causing n 10 per cent reduction In tho valuation of citrus production, a 20 per cent' Injury to plums and 6 per cent reduction In the case of apricots, In 1931 the combined value of these crops was $786,040, at the low price prevailing. The loss to the grower takes wevoral formsj' In tho first placo tho life of tho tree Is shortened by many years, thus making the cost of production of the fruit higher, since new trees have to be *brought Into bearing oftencr to replace those that die. This IH par ticularly true with plums and apricots. In tho second place, a limb nffectoc 1 with this disease boars no fruit nnd consequently In many orchards the production Is cut down severely. With low-producing, short-lived trees, the grower Is placed In a 'position of being a marginal producer and Is soon force< to the wall when prices become low. Four years ago work was commenced by the university and tho ox- tension service, through the San Joa- ouln valley In the hope of finding a method of curing this disease Twenty-six test plots wcro established throughout tho ten counties. Of those there were three In Kern. As a re suit of research work It was found (•hat commercial Iron sulphate applle to the ground benea(h the tree caused an improvement In their condition Within tho, last year it has been dls covered that tho reason for the sue cess of this material was due to thi fact that It contained zinc. Slnrc tha By A. E. HOAQLAND Kirn Ctuhty Ohimktr if Ommirii 1932 INVENTORY REFLECTS DROP IN CITY VALUES At least ono business, tho largest in 10 world,' has beaten tho depression nany times over. Home-making, the >aslc business, must survive and remain stable— on Its success depends success nf all other businesses. To e n, manager of this business moans hat tho manager must bo responsible or tho physical and mental dovelop- nent of Its members, for It Is here hat tho characters of leaders arc olded. Many women nsButno tho task of 31.S75 357.000 432,260 Total 82,500 Total Acreage All Crops? 188,047 $ 821,125 Total Value All Crops $8,531,643 DAIRY MANAGEMENT VITALLY IMPORTANT TO AVERT LOSS Infestations of beetle \vhlch causes a severo loss to -ed, and ure shown as follows: potatoes In other states. Yoar— Sacks Per Aero I I cannot take the space in this 7ti | article to enumerate the many dan- 73 77 92 105 112 .110 64 92 ,1020 3921 1922 1923 1924 1020 1926 1927 1928 1929 /............... 135 1930 .' 204 •1931 220 1932 200 Under tho present economic period growers must secure a yield of 200 sacks per acre to stay-in the business of producing potatoes. It can readily be seen from the yields per acre that tpe seed treatment practice became well, established in 1926 and the eom- •nerclnl fertilizer program In 1930, T ' Fertlllier Program Previous to the recommendations r the use of commercial fertilizer e average yield of potatoes duo to iroper seed treatment had Increased to approximately 100 sacks per acre, ami during the period of 1926 to 1929 the average yield of the long whites was approximately 100 sacks, with the greatest average yield reported for an> year aH that of 135 sacks per acre fat the Industry. During this period an Intensive study of research and field plots on the use of- commercial fertilizer was conducted with practically all common commercial fertilizers ti determine If possible which typo o Vertlllier If any would prove to be conomical rower. and profitable to the Ifne average yields of the Industry in 1930 to 1932 Inclusive hau been 210 Vacltx per acre, which Is an Increase o 110 sacks greater than that period bo fore commercial fertilizer trials wer. concluded. Statistics compiled from records 01 potato work discloses tho Interesting By HORACE T. STRONG Anlittnt Firm Advlur T HE Kern county dairyman who is building toward a more efficient and profitable business must by necessity follow quite a complete program of dairy management. much grain each cow is entitled to on the basis of her Individual production. The most economical method of putting up feed on tho farm Is another consideration for the dairymen. Most dairymen appreciate the value ruining Necessary if Task Is to Be Assumed in Proper Manner By L'ILLIAN BRINKMAN Him Di erous insect, pests and plant diseases •hich occur In other localities that do ot exist here, but have already mcn- ioned-one for each of our four major rops. freedom from these pests Is irsely responsible for our greater reduction of these crops In Kern ounty. v This position Is largely duo to the Igllance of the inspection service maintained by this department which s for the protection of agriculture nd to prevent the Introduction from ther states and localities of these dangerous Insects and plant diseases. Many Inspections Our department maintains quaran- Ines against every state In tho union or some dangerous Insect or disease f-plants known to exist there and not n our state. In carrying out this vork -*e make an inspection of all plants shipped into the county by lostnl, freight, express or other com- T\QII carriers and all individuals are required to report any plant products vhich they bring in other than by common carriers. We also Inspect all nursery stock md products produced within the county and offered for sale to tho growers. In order that they may be issured that they arc planting this stock free from Insects and diseases. We also require the control or entdl- cnllon of pests which are already existent In the county. One of' the important posts Is the elm leaf beetle, which, If It were not for our annual spray program, would entirely defoliate every elm tree In the county. Poison Huge Area We nro required to make field In spectlons and whero there exists dan- gorouH Insect pests, plant diseases 01 animals, require tho owner of the property to control or eradicate these. In 1920 the average production of ?_ f _«!!"«J"'_» ™ r L!™?. *S* Vlf .'Dl butterfat in California was estimated to be 183 pounds per cow per year. At that time 'the agricultural extension service of the "University of Call- fornia outlined a program designed to bring this average production up to 265 pounds per cow by 1930. This program Included (1) more cow test- Ing associations, (2) a greater use of purebred bulls, (3) better feeding and care, and (4) disease control. Such a progrhm In a Btate-wlde way has actually accomplished the goal set nt that time and the production per cow has reached the 26ii pound mark hich has made possible nn annual id-eased income if $25,000,000 for allfornla dairymen. Kern Plays Part This was done with only a very Ight Increase In numbers of cows. fact that In 1927 approximately 10 pe cent of tho growers were using com merclal fertilizers, and with llttlo ro uults. During this year methods of ap plication were materially Improve and |n 1928 over 80 per cent of th growers, used commercial fertilize with comparatively good results, t 1930 over 92 per cent of tho grower were following the practice of uuln ammonium sulphate at the rate of 30 to 400 pounds per acre, which by test had proven most profitable and re suited In the greatest yield per acr that the county had ever known, tha of 204 sacks per acre. In 1931,- u favorable season for the growing- of potatoes, the yield In- creusbd -to 226 sacks per acre, while f in 1082 with 98 per cent of vhe grow- I ers using commercial fertilizer and | the seed treatment practices gave an I average yield of approximately 200 sacks per acre of the long whites. * Profitable to Growers •The year of 1830 proved to be an exceedingly profitable year for potato growers, due to the large yields obtained by the use of commercial fertilizer. It lu Interesting to note that this year tho potato' Industry in Kern county produced p. total gross revenue for the* potato growers of $807,000 for the season's crop. Had tho crop only yluhlcd 100 Hacks, us it probably would pests for tbo protection of adjacent or neighboring areas. In this actlvltj wo poison annually about one-hall million acres uf land that Is Infentucl with ground srnilrrets. - The annua damage to ngrlvujtunil crops baa beet many times thn cost o f control work Wo have been ablo to reduce both the agricultural damage and the cost o control work many limes during tho past few yearn. In addition lo tha damage which these pests do to agricultural crops, they are known to b carriers of dangerous diseases to the human nice Hiich ns bubonic plague Uocky Mountain spotted fever and Tularemnla. These conditions- alon would justify the expense of rodei) control If they committed lib dnmogi to agriculture. We have been abli through.thc Farm Bureau to purchas poison materials at wholesale prlcen These were sold to the farmers a cost, making an annual saving to them of many thousands of dollars. We Inspect nil uhlpments of seed t prevent tho Introduction of danger ous noxious weeds which have often times been established jn a clean are by means of this manner 'of dlstrlbu tlon. Apiary Inspection Is anothe phase of our activities and by the in spectlon of some 8000 colonies of bee wo have reduced the Infestation o American Koiil. Hrood which cause •(Continued on Page Fourteen) (Continued on I'ape 7'otirfcrn I troductlon of the trench silo by the extension servlco In this county has meant the saving of $4000 for eight dairymen. In construction tho average upright «llo. cost over Were all ncreased production lone responsible. per cow was Let us see what part Kern dairymen | uve played In this program and what ' t has profited the Industry. Cow testing has been placed at the end of the list of all dairy herd Im- rovement work. It Is tho basis for 11 progress and is also tho measuring tick that proves whether or ndt progress has been made. The following figures show somo- hlng of tho progress which has been made by dairymen in Kern county who have belonged to tho cow testing association. In 1922 the average pro- luctlon per cow In tho association was 69 pounds of butterfat per year. By 926 this had Increased to 292 pounds ind In 1931, over one thousand cows n Ihe association averaged 324.7 >oundu of butterfat per year. Trans- allng this Into dollars and cents, If ve assume the county average for all :OWH In 1920 to be 183 poundii por cow. we can readily .see that tho association member In 1032 is 141 pounds ,>etlor off per cow than the average was In 1920. At 30 conts per pound butterfat, this means an Increased Income of $12.80 per cow. This In terms of 10.000 dairy COWN In tho county would mean annually nearly one half million dollars greater Income for dairy products In tho 'county If all cows wero equal to those In tho association. Purebred Sires Securing of better stock by tho use of purebred bulls has been stressed by the extension service program ever since the first cow testing association j was organized. Through the dairy department of tho farm bureau a num- ' ber of registered bulls were brought Into the county and it may bo a significant fact that all of tho dairymen completing the 1932 cow testing year use purebred herd sires. Tho comparative production of the dams and daughters of a. number of those bulls are now being compiled to assist the dairymen to determine tho real value of tho anlmnj'to his herd. The efficient dairyman also realizes the Importance of proper feeding and care of his herd. An analysis of feed and butterfat prices lollw the dairyman how much grain 'can bo profitably fed to hiH herd. Me also knows from hit) cow lusdlng records how dairymen In tho county to use silage from a trench silo it would nlean an Investment saving of $180,000. Kern Only County Appreciating a number of 'years ago tho Increased value of milk produced from tuberculosis free cow», the dairymen started at their own expense- to free their herds of this disease. A county ordinance passed In 1927 making Kern a graded area Increased tho amount of aid given by the state In testing herds under tho puro milk law. Then in 1931, Kern was the only county in the Snn Joaquln valley to come under the T. B. eradication area plan. Since then all dairy cowo In the county have passed at least ono test and no reacting cows are allowed to remain In the county. time extensive experimental work ha been carried out, using zinc sulphat and the results to date Indicate tha this material will correct Llttlo Leal Treatments Reduce It seems apparent that only quantities will be required to do th work nnd tho cost will probably no exceed that of an annual' pruning. O the batils of the results to date It expected that cured trees will no need further treatment for at lens thruo years and that smaller quant ties will he required at that time tha wero needed for the first treatment. A number of growers throughoi tho county are trying out zinc wu phate on their Llllln Leaf trees this year with tho Idea of finding out the least amount necessary to do the Job and the best method of applying tho material to tho ground. Tho experiments Indicate that five pounds per Ireo appjled-ln a circle with a radius of eighteen Inches from tho trunk, la apt to bo sufficient. Promote Thinning However, the amount will probably vary In the different soil types. Tho writer believes that growers who try out tho zinc sulphate this year.will be In a position to know tho best methods of treatment nnd the most economical quantities to use, should this promising method bo further/confirmed by another year's experimental work, as seems likely. Another activity of the agricultural extension service which hnu resulted in financial gain' to growers has been the promotion of tho practice of thinning tho grape crop. Several letters received from growers state that their grapes wcro ready for harvesting from a week to ten days earlier than they thinned than In tho test rows In the vineyard which woro' not thinned. Ono grower stated thai he received lomc-mnklng with llttlo or no traln- ng nnd It Is these women that have eon aided by tho cxto'nslon servlco hrough Iho Farm Bureau organtza- lons to help solve their problems, Tho \om«-maker Is responsible for tho veil-being of her family regardless of ho money Income of that family. She las to use every Ingenuity In many •uses, so that she will properly feed, clothe nnd provide a clean, sanitary, restful place to live In. Tho homemaker, through the extension service, uis been given help In planning low cost meals that were adequate and still within their budget. Saves Doctor Bills Homo throe, hundred women attended various meetings to receive help In planning low cost moals-for their fum- jlles. By proper feeding, tho health of tho family IH Improved and thus saves tho family the expense of unnecessary doctor bills. Were ono ablo to ostlmato savings resulting from Improved health, wo would find It to be a very large sum. Meals were planned that averaged from 7 to 10 cents' per meal per person. In some Instances, om' records show that practically all the food was produced on the ranch. If It had not been produced on tho ranch, balanced meals probably could not havo been enjoyed, since the lack of funds prevented the home-maker from being able to purchase the necessary food. To further aid tho home-maker In balancing the meals, she has exchanged products from their ranch for necessary products from another ranch, not grown on their ranch. As we said before, a good manager must think her prob- InniH through If tho budget Is not to show any red. Tho old barter system of trading with neighbors has again come Into practice as a means of solving tho economic problem on the ranch. Another practice In thrift on tho part of home-making has been tho remodeling of out-nf-date garments Into tho present styles at a very small cosl. .She has done likewise with last year's hat. If she had not remodeled th«m,. It would have been necessary for her to havo worn them, out-of-dato as they were, since the necessary funds for now garments and hats wero not always available. To aid the task of remodeling clothes or sowing new garments, the home-maker makes tho dress form for the price of ono dollar; over this form sho Is ablo to fit garments for herself. Homo fifty such forms were made last year. Over four hundred families adopted Improved practices In clothing, recommended by tho extension service, thus saving time, money and energy for tho homemaker. One of the most complexlng problems thu homo-maker must meet Intelligently Is that of molding the char- actors of tub growing boys and, girls In bur family. To do this, sho will need to dovoto some time and thought to the understanding of her children, D UIUNO the past year, tho Kern County Chamber of Commerce has been called upon to greatly expand its activities and has increased tho number of its committees until at present there are over fifty-five vactlvo leaders from every community In the county on the directorate and committees, giving their time and effort to' problems for tho betterment of tho county as a wholo. One of the most Important, facts connected with thn work Is that In spite of Mho expansion of activities, tho finance comlmttoe, composed of K. L. Hougham, chairman; IE. W. Smith nnd L. 1. Welll, with tho backing of the directors, has reduced tho budget for 1932-33 more than 25 per cent over 1931-32. Naturally, some expenditures havo had to be abolished, but the more Important functions and efficiency havo been maintained by extra effort put Into tho work. Asldo from this fact, tho chamber of commerce has boon doing tho office work of tho Water Development Commission and Iho fair association, which means an additional saving to the county. All work done and results obtained havo been by actual conlnct with leaders In other sections of tho state and through group meetings throughout tho county and slato, as well us by follow-up correspondence. Outlines Actlvltle* It in Impossible to convoy to you in a fow words work which may have been followed for a month or a year, and for you to realize tho effort which It has taken; however, I will outline briefly some of tho work dono by tho Real, Personal Property Reduced $2,429,135, Hurley Sho\vs By DEAN R. HURLEY B«klrltl«ld City Antuir '; DAKEnsVIELD'S assessed valua- " lion of $39,512,115, while accounting for the healthy growth of the past decade, could not fall to • reflect the world-wide shrinkage in • vuluoa. Prior to tho first - Monday in commlttooH. Tlio publicity committee, guided by Ti. I. WoUl, chairman, nnd W. H. Ja- hnnt, directed tbo publicity work for tho 1932 Kern County-Arvln Wildflower Festival which brought to the county 200,000 visitors nnd conservatively $400,000. In co-operation with tho Kern County Convention Uureau, approximately twenty-two thousand five hundroil additional visitors and $40,000 wore added to the total, nnd future conventions have already been arranged for. Through,750 distributing points Stales and and nirenoloa Canada, In tho United exclusive Kern sljo will want to bn companloiiH In play and partners In work. It IB urged, mi tho part of tho extension service, that parents upend more time study- ln(f tho psychology of her chllil'H actions and reactions In an attompt to iiii'derHtancl the child and thus help hnr or him In making adjustments to It may be seen from the rather brief discussion of /actors Involved in tho profitable production of dairy products, that dairymen In Kern" county are constantly looking toward Improved practices which will Increase their efficiency. This Is a market milk producing county and with tho potential enlargement, of the market for that typo of product, high production must be obtained to offset tho additional cost of producing high quality milk, which, as tlmo goes on, will not- be entirely absorbed by a price for market milk vory -far above but- lerfat quotations. $20 a, ton more for hin early, thinned I II!N environment; adjustments to folks grapes, than for the later maturing | about him; adJuHtments that will do- MENINQITIS FATAL PENVKTt. Jan. 2. (tJ. P.)—Miss Marian Koudebush, 18, of Kan«ns City, a stytlent nurn« at the Colorado School for nurses, died last night from meningitis. Her father, P. K. tloude- hush, KansiiH Clly, wan hei«« at I ho tlmn of her death. Ttin meningitis was contracted after an attack of Influenza. iinthinned fruit. A conservative estimate is that half of the early grapo producing acreage In Kern county was thinned this year. Figuring the resulting gain to the grower at the nominal figure of $10 an'ac.ro. we arrive ut tho largo total of $70,000 fur the 1932 value of this type of work. Teach Girdling Another practice which has resulted In profit to tho grape growers has been the cross-arm trcillslng of table grapes which causes earlier maturity and better coloring of the fruit. Assistance him also been given In toach- j Infr tho proper methods of girdling and thinning thn Thompson seedless. A cont of production study has been running now for four years with an average of 2* grape growers co-operalliiR. This has enabled them to determine how much It coKtH them to produce their grape-s and bus alHo resulted In pointing out pluecH wher« economy could |i,> made without Injuring Iho j vulop him or her Into a useful, law- abiding citizen. In this complex world, children are not likely to "Just Brow up" and always develop Into the finished product onu had hoped for. If children arc to Brow up to bo methodical, orderly, useful, cheerful and it lover of the beautiful, they must county literature Is being distributed. This has been added to by the co-op- erntlon of tho All-Year Club through our membership In a national advertising campaign which places Kern county In 20 magazines and 43 leading metropolitan newspapers before approximately one million tourists annually. Klnnncliil assistance to the local KlBh and Clamo Association for building wild bird pens and the plant- Ing of trout In the streaniH furnished labor and advertises tho county to the sportsmen, who In turn advertise tho county If hunting and fishing are good. Assistance was also given to the Taft Relays, tho Kern County Ciardoji Club, and many other kindred activities. Busy 13 Months Tho agricultural committee, comprised of William P. McCowan, chairman; II. K \Voodworth and W. II. Hitchcock, has spent many hours and taken many trips during tho year, arranging conferences on dairy laws, tho alfalfa weevil quarantine, standardization of tho I,os Angeles lug for selling of potatoes, reduction of agricultural power rates, reduction of ratcjj for Irrigation water, and continuance of the milk Inspection for tho clt-y of Tlakersfleld. Many of these meetings have been arranged locally and others through the membership held Cm the agricultural committee of IJle Los Angeles Chamber of Commerce. Results obtained In some Instances have made 11 saving of several thousands of dollars to Kern county people, and In some cases bad legislation has been stopped and has Keen through tho assistance, or In close co-opcratlon with, tho Kami Huroau and tho agricultural commissioner, Tho recently appointed dairy committee, with J. U. Cauzr.a, chairman; A. S. Coode, II. <!. Hull, A. V. Connor, C. 1'. Mnrghn, H. H. (tlddlngs and U L. Krlek, has held numerous meetings with tho Kami Huroau, Kern county dairymen, and the city health department of Los Angeles and tho Los Angeles Chamber of Commerce relative to proponed ordinances which would Impose additional financial bur- March, 1032, u thorough canvas was accomplished through a system of. questionnaires sent by the assessor to a large number of representative local property owners. Their opinions woro tabulated In percentages, the re- cnplluliitlon showing an average opln- , Ion of realtors, bank appraisers, con- .. tractors, business men and private owners, of a 1" per cont reduction under 1930 levels. Naturally there were wldo 'differences of opinion, but the consensus, showed only a 13 per cent reduction. Advisory hoard meetings wero held at which It was unanimously decided that a 10 per cent reduction In Iho assessed valuation of land In tho city would be equitable. The assessor's advisory board )8 comprised of eight representative property owners chosen for their knowledge of realty values and their local reputation as appraisers. Tho reduced land values and shrink- ago In personal property values account for tho almost two and one-halt million dollar loss. Improvement Appraisals Mid* Now structures, buildings altered or repaired and all Improvements, for which tho owner had signed a formal request for reappraisal were recorded nnd evaluated following tho "Bejke- ley" appraisal plan, Installed in 1939-30 at tho roquost of tho Bakersfield City Council, This work required tho measuring, Inspecting, recording and computing of the normal replacement cost, less depreciation to dale, of over 600 buildings. He turns wcro received from 5588 owners of real oslato; 2835,from personal property owners with no real property; ItiO war velornns who filed affidavits for property wholly exempt under Section 1!i, article 13, of the state constitution, and 259 householders who filed affidavits that their holdings had a cash value of less than $100. Property with an estimated value of $014,795 used solely and exclusively for religious worship was exempted, In accordance, with tho constitution, upon receipt of affidavit covering the properly nnd submitted by the proper church authorities. . Vehicular Registration Falls Automobiles and trucks numbering, ' 11.386 were registered from Bakers- . field, showing a IOSH of approximately 1000 under tho 1931-1032 total. One.,, of tho duties of the assessor's department la to contact the owners and . make an assessment of all motor vo- hlclcs within his Jurisdiction. Answering requests for Information, contacting out of city owners, mailing of nntlceii and receipts and the handling of. routine business required' ih« mailing of over 8000 communtca-" tjons between tho first Monday In 'March and tho first Monday In July, this being the legal assessment period. Installation of '' proved successful. four-year '' forms After having been In use for one year this now set-up . made It possible for tho assessor to reduce his budget request In excess of $HOO for the year of 1933-34, when providing for the routine work. Tho latest addition to the system- Installed Is n cross Indox guide which makes It possible fon- any inexperienced person *to locate the legal description of a parcel of property if 1 given tho street address. This fur- • nlshes an Instant reference index to some 15,000 parcels of property, Tho assessor's department had very satisfactory results In the collection of unsecured p property tax, tax- be so trained. A homo environment that practices the above principles, all of which make for a satisfaction In living. Is. very likely to Instill those practices In tho children. Four hundred families reported that they have made such Improvements In their homes within the last year, following recommendations by ih«> extension service at group meetings and Individual consultations 'on all plumes of home furnishing and home management. These homos function more efficiently now IIB homes and as a placo whero the members of a family would Ilko to live. New Projects To further miiko the homo a ploa.i- dens on the dairymen. So far, these ordinances have not been passed. Tho committee is continually working on tho Idea of a unified Inspection service In California to eliminate dupllca- ton of services. The conditions In Kern county and IJOH Angeles are being Investigated at present, consisting of actual pictures Assliti Miners The Industrial committee, headed by II. 'R. Ilainmntl, chairman: Raymond Grey, \V. H. Jiihant and -I' 1 . A. Hopper., has Interested themselves In Invfstlgatlntr legitimate Industries for Kern county and the diminution of promotional schemes, several of which ayers having shown 'a fine spirit Of. co-oporatloii for which tho writer at this tlmu wishes to extend his appreciation. have year. been Investigated during the They bnve assistcd the mining May Enact Law to Force Wives to Pay Alimony (United rrem Leaned Wire) CHICAGO, Jan. 2.—The Illinois Ltglilaturc will be asked In Itt next session to approve a bill providing that wives shall pay hua- b.inci* alimony where financial conditions Justify. The requested law Is an outgrowth of the divorce suit of Fred Zlllnikl and his wife, Elizabeth. Zlllnakl asked th* court to direct hit wlfa to pay him alimony on the grounds she was earning more money than he. . Thr case finally was settled without alimony on either tide, but W. W. O'Brien, Zllinikl's attorney, aald he would carry the situation to the Legislature, "This alimony business should work both ways," h« said. crops. On'- i;mwcr ntnl«-K Unit n study jiml pliicc In which to live, they Imvr Marled rcvcral projects lo Improve (lie bPHiitlfylng of the exterior of Mm homi mid 'he yni-d. Kvcry spring Iho home department plans a county-wide which Is to wtndy ways and means of )f hl« cont record onnbled him to cut iln cultivation e.spenso by $2.50 nn icro. Another grower sayw that bis cont fitudy linn Ind him to conclude that In- was using too much \tatur. Ho hau been able to cut his cost of Irrigation one-fourth without Injury to tho vines or grapes. one of the largo aotlvltlcs of tho extension servlco In California •!-!! Interests in bringing them together In im effort In find a solution for the reduction of excessive compensation insurance rules which seem lo be re- tnrdlng Hint Industry, ('oimlnnt work h:is been ijonn In favor of an oil Inr- Iff, nnd OY<•!•>• rongri'fHman unit reprc: cntatlvp hua been contacted dni'- Inc the year, urging remedies for thn oil situation. Assistance was given Club work. There iii'u over ten thousand boys and girls enrolled in this organization In California. In thin county we have 30S, about one-third of whom are supervised by the agricultural extension service and the rest by arrangement between the extension servloo and thu high school agricultural department. These boys and girls am tho rural people of th'! future. Their minds art being opened to tho poHHlbllltlus In the scientific study of agriculture. They are learning to work together In their meetings and In conducting the business of the clubs. They appear before community meetings and develop the ability to stand on their foot and talk. And they nmko a profit on their projcotn (Continued on I'agc I'ourtcen) Improving their own yards and homes. Surplus Hlirubs aro .exchanged among thu members and friend* of thu homo department. This will bu an aid to tin.- person who otherwise would not able lo huve these shrubx because I lU'K Of Oil. I Hecently an oil committee was appointed, consisting of H. 10. Woodworth, chairman: Lloyd Williamson. I'/lmer Ilouchln, C, L. Qlbson, W. W. Colin, John Wilt and Angus Crltes, Nippon Is Probing Execution of Four (A**octateA I're»K Leaiei ~Wtre) IIONO KONG, Jan. 2.—The Japfti neHrt consul at Canton was reported officially Inquiring Into the execution there of four smugglers who were, sentenced to death by tha Antl-Japari ncse Boycott Society. ', Reports said tho Japanese community was "most Indignant)" and that' meanwhile arrests, fines and confiscations wero continuing with . allegeoT Japanese goods worth more than 100,000 pounds accumulated. Icms. Tho tourist, und travel committee, chalrmaned by K. W. Smith, of Taft, and consisting of Malcolm Brock, T. W. McManus. .1. K. Thrasher, Kri-d Wldmer and Howard Scott, haa Kturt- i'd a serluH of county luurn ia order that local pi'oplo may h<>ci»iii<> Inler- 11*3 JH»M1l»' I***»W i «»»;n«j nut u>'i I'»,-«•««««v ' of luck of funds durlnif these pressing j who arc now working on oil prob- years. Jlcasoii.s why this liiiKinuHM of home- niiiking mi the ranch IIIIH, in so very many cai«;s, survived Ihe depression, is due to (he fuel I hat Us managers were practicing thrift, skill and good sound principles In inn naif In:,' tlu-lr IIIIIIK-H. They know tho necessity of supplementing their dollars by rfinch produce, no that the family could |, u kept well by proper nutrition. Thuy realize that proper food, clothing, an orderly, sanitary, cheerful and convenient home and wholesome recreation make for a contented living. The extension servlco, through Iho Farm Bureau, attempts to help tbo home- inukuis to solvn their problems an nuinagcrB of u homo. BUILDING PERMITS O. I. Harris, J50,—207 Twenty-third nil-pel, repair warehouse; owner. .1. Oberg, $ir,o. -1031 Sixth street, re.- pair dwelling: by owner, ,1. K. Klghtllnger, $100.— 1430 F.ast Truxtun avenue, garage; day work. A. J. Nevis, $150.—230 Twenty-second, foundation; Alva Hackney. Charles H. Kuar, $250.—1300 Seventeenth, repaid roof; day work. r>. C. Mynott, $40.—2805 Chester avenue; same. Sieve I". Actlf--, $300.—1023 M. foundation and repairs; owner. •-•-» «£. - - nil.- ^ l PLUMBING PERMITS j 4 _ ,—— <s> Capitol Company, $125.—1907 Chester avenue, Install plumbing; Roy Loin i-Hied anil educated an to wlial nltrao- I Stiinge. tlr.im Kern county has lo offer tho visitor. Touring pamphlets will lie j toilet; Jones & Co. made up for local distribution to ho- i tels, service HtatUniH, HO that the vlsl- | -V tors' iiuostions may bo anNWun-d In order that ho may wish to stay In thu county for a fow days. The eominlt- $40.—1507 O, sewer; Lao Myimlt, $30.—2811 Chester, ELECTRICAL PERMITS tee Is co-nflcrutlng with thn All-Year (Uonlliiurrt on I'nui' Fourteen) Pink Klfphant Cafo, $25.—1927 ttruct: wiring; L. V. Buucr. VI -V \.

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