The Carroll Sentinel from Carroll, Iowa on March 23, 1894 · Page 8
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The Carroll Sentinel from Carroll, Iowa · Page 8

Carroll, Iowa
Issue Date:
Friday, March 23, 1894
Page 8
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H»^' ML mi""" 1 MI w GRADING .TILE DRAINS. 'All the Outfit Needed Is » Water Level, nn Ax and Some Stakpt, A writer who has done a great deal of ditching for 25 years describes his plan for obtaining the grade of the bottom of a tile ditch in the absence of a skilled ditcher. He ^akes his report as follows in the Ohio Farmer: I take ray ax and a stake and go to •where I want the outlet of my ditch. I drive the stake as near the center of proposed ditch as may be. I then take the level, go to upper end of ditch and place the level a foot or more above the ground to clear all obstructions from a perfect view of stake at lower end of ditch, then drive a stake down even with top of level. Now I have the grade stake at upper end of ditch fixed. I then sight over my level to stake at lower end of ditch and have a boy there to mark •where the level line strikes the stake. Vow I can readily see the amount of fell obtainable in my proposed ditch. I next drive another stake down so the top will be as mnoh lower than the level mark on first stake as I have fall in FINDING A OBADE IN TILE DITCHES. Whole length of ditch, provided it is to b* put on the one grade the whole length. The two end stake* thus set fix the grade of ditch. After this IB done I drive three or four stakes, according to length of ditch, driving them down to a perfect grade on top .with the two end stakes. Now I have a perfect grade line on top of stakes, which represent* the grade in bottom of ditch, and to transfer tt tp.tb*- Bottom I make a grade stick—«»y 4 feet long, more or less, as ua> W required, according to depth e* dttoh or height of grade stakes .^•vove the ground, and with this stick I dig down until the top of grade stick, when set plumb in bottom of ditch, comes on a perfect line with top of grade stakes. The grade stakes must be all set on a perfect line, as near on a line with the center of the proposed ditch as may be, and hence will have to be removed aa you come to them in digging the ditch. Before disturbing the last stake but one, set another stake beyond the first in order that you may maintain . your grade to the. end. By using your grade stick often the grade of your ditch jieed not vary a quarter of an inch in 20 rods. I usually lay and blind my tile about as fast aa I dig the ditch. At least when I quit at night I have my tile placed and blinded to within a rod of the end of finished ditch. I leave some six or eight tile that I do not blind. This gives all the water that may gather in the ditch a chance to get into the tile, and by placing a thin •flat stone between the ends of the second and third tile, so no dirt can run into the tile below, your ditch remains perfectly secure until finished. By laying the tile ai fast as the ditch is dug you maintain a much better gtade than can possibly be bad alter the ditch is allowed to lay until the water cuts out the bottom or -caves in {he sides and with much less labor 1 . u I New Horticultural Lima Bean*. Among the novelties of last year none perhaps enlisted more interest than this supposed cross between the lima and old horticultural pole bean. Th,e cross, it IB claimed was made by insects. Here is what a correspondent, who has grown this bean four seasons under many conditions of soil, climate and culture, says about it in a communication to Rural New Yorker: Its foliage and habit of growth are more of the type of the Horticultural Pole than the Lima, while the structure and shape of the pod and bean belong to the latter. It. roots strongly, and its rapidity of growth under favorable con ditions is something remarkable. It begins to blossom early and sets its crop close to the ground. I do not consider it so strong a runner as either of its parents and use poles six to eight feet high iu my field culture. While not so VUK NEW HOjmOUL/TlWAL IJMA 1UUN, productive M WBW °* the large varieties of Lima* it i» still a good yielder, and ] have grown 80 bushels of baud picked toftnji Tff the acre. Tn» quality in excellent green, Duelled or dry. The color it dark only when cooked to the • dry at*te. The pod in lovgb wad leathery and protect* ta# |n- cloaft) tiean from injury whim they come to 0o»t»ct with th» soil. It is not an taAB to ahell io the green Mate, tut oamn&r* well with other UHMM in |*»fWPt< I tod H, at toe proper •tig* of growth, an excellent M*p short twau, A§ felted last Maoou, it in two Waeks farUfer than the Horticultural Pol* ALL ABOUT CELERY. low to Grow It by Irrigation—Two Cropl Early and Lute. Many formers labor under the im- iression that celery is a hard crop to ;row. This is a mistake. It can be jrown ns easily as a crop of potatoes, jrovicling oiie has a soil that will suit ts peculiar habits. Celery is fond of a Boil that is naturally moist and is snp- >lied with' an abundance of vegetable natter. However, the latk of these conditions can be overcome when one has plenty of stable manure and a good inpply of water for irrigating purposes, according to a Colorado authority, who expresses himself as follows in Field •nd Farm: The market gardener generally raises swo crops of celery—early and late. The early crop is generally disposed of during the late summer and fall months, while the late crop is stored for winter and spring use. For an early crop the seed is sown about the 1st of March in • moderate hotbed in drills two inches apart. The soil should be made very rich\and the bed well watered, to give ;he plants a good start. When the plants have grown to a fair size> they are usually transplanted into a cold frame. However, this practice of transplanting celery is rapidly disappearing. Experience has proved'beyond a doubt that celery so treated will pro- lace a larger per cent of plants that go, :o seed and therefore become worthless. The plants while in the seed bed should 38 shorn off at least twice in order to make them stocky and form a quantity of fibrous roots. When the plants have »iBed the proper size—that is7 from ;hree to four inches—they should be transplanted into their permanent bed, which be well fertilised with short •nd well rolled manure in rows five feet apart-and the plants set eight inches apait in Hie row. After setting they should be given a good soaking by running the water down the rows, and if the weather is dry they must be irrigated at least once every 10 days and cultivated after each irrigation. In six weeks from setting the plants will be large enough to be handled or banked. This is best done by throwing up a furrow on each side of the row and pulling the dirt close to the plants with a hoe. Then commence at one end of the row and gather up all the leaves, holding them with one hand and pushing the dirt close to the plants with the other. This operation must be repeated several times. When the plants are desired to be bleached, they must be banked up to the tips of the leaves. Late celery is bandied in much the same manner as the early, differing from it only in three or four points. The seed is eown six weeks later in a well prepared bed out of doors, and as it is intended for winter and spring use it must not be banked up as much as the early crop, for if it is bleached when stored away it will not keep. A Hard Time. Hired M»n. This is the name given a device depicted and described not long ago by a Penn sylvania farmer in The Rural New Yorker. He says: The hard times compelled me to cut wood alone. The machine is easily nn MutUu. A BAWINQ MACHINE. derutood. Three poles or rods make a frame for the saw to swing on. Another rod fastened to a bolt at the top of the frame plays inside two pieces of board, The saw is made fast to the lower end ol this rod, and then it will swing back and forth as shown in the cut. You can have a horse for the wood or drive stakes into the ground with the tops crossed, so as to hold the logs. I can put up fivecords in 10 hour* with this machine. Of course it takes souio little time to learn how to run the at w just right. In this machine the sta) are 0 feet long (or the sides and 10 ' <ot for the other, The pendulum on wl. ;h the saw is fattened ia 6 feet long and has holts bored in it so that it can be easily raised or lowered. I use the "horse" or stakes for sawing poles from 2 to 8 inches in diameter. For sawing Urge logs 1 use a rolling platform like that on bnu- saws, lUiut of Local lutcrMl. The demand for commercial fertilisers has created a new industry at the we* —that of utilising the blood, bone one other waste materials formerly sent east to be manufactured into fertilizers. The question of "irrigation" by using the waters of flowing rivers upon the barren lands is the great question in the states of the far west. Arixona and Washington are both demonstrating the benefits of irrigation. Professor Mugruder of Oklahoma experiment station recommends fall sow* ing of ulfnlfa at the rate of from 90 to 80 poundu to the acre. The Pruirle Farmer Buys on the subject of unions: "For shipping south sow Wethorijnold red; for the Uhloago market, Danvers yellow, Bow five pounds of peed pur uore iu rows 18 inches wide, thinning to about five inches iu the row fur large bu!l»," Of (our varieties of cabbages experimented with by u furuior on the divide last seauou, the lute Flut Dutch attained the largest size, uml thy Mtuuuiuth Red Rock took second plueo. LOUIS KOSSUTH DEAD. Great Hungarian Patriot Passed Away at Turin, ALWAYS GLAD TO SEE AMERICANS I The Guest of the Vnlted State* In 1851. Ilecamo the Friend of Daniel Webster, His Eloquence Regarded at Marvelous. His Patriotism Was Never guonched. Bud Was Entremets Painful. TURIN, March 21.—At a ripe old age Louis Kossuth. the great 1 Hungarian patriot, passed away. His end Was extremely painful. He showed signs of consciousness until the last. He expired in the arms of his son and died pressing the hand of the Hungarian deputy, Karolyi. The members of his family and a few of his intimate friends stood around the bedside of the expiring patriot. Nothing has yet been settled in repaid to the details of the funeral. The municipal authorities of this city have offered the family to allow the remains to be buried in the Pantheon here. Sketch of Hit Life. Lajos (Louis) Kossuth was born nl Monok, Hungary, April <37, 1806. His parents were poor, but of noble rank. He was educated at the Protestant college of Sarospatak. In 1930 he became agent for the Countess Szapary, a position which gave him a seat in the comital assembly. Two years later, when the people of Hungary were groaning under the restrictions on their rights and privileges, his active political career began- In the diet of Presburg. Knowing the OVER 2000 CHOICE FARMS, ^ To be sold at less than one-half of actual value. These lands are placed on the marke jy the Receivers of the Lombard Investment company and other loan companies, under an order :rom TJ. S. supreme court. The entire list to be closed out by May 1. Fully one-half the list ocated in the great corn belt and are close to towns and schools and churches. TERMS: Not less than one-fourth cash, balance 2, 3 and 5 years at 7 per cent interest, 1 optional payment plan. Examine this list and make offers. No reasonable offer "refused. 130 quarter sections in Antelope county, Nebraska, at from $1000 to $2200 each. 108 quarter sections in Knox county, Neb., at from $800 to $2200 each. 45 quarter sections in Pierce county, Neb., at from $1000 to $2400 each. 280 quarter sections in Holt county, Neb., at from $600 to $2000 each. 310 quarter sections in Keya Paha county, Neb., at from $500 to $1500 each. 240 quarter sections in Ouster county,Neb.,' at from $600 to $1800 each. 90 quarter sections in Perkins county, Neb., at from $800 to $2000 each. LOUffi KOSSDTH. power of the press in the cause of reform, Kossuth founded a paper in which governmental affairs were fearlessly discussed. The authorities took alarm and tried in vain to stop the spread of liberal ideas. Kossuth was threatened and his paper suppressed, but he found means to keep the people informed of national affairs, and in 1837 he was imprisoned for the publication of a lithographic newspaper. Imprisonment Increased BU Popularity. His imprisonment, which lasted about two years, increased his popularity, and when he was released he continued his work for Hungarian freedom. Year by year, despite numerous attempts at coercion, Kossuth'e influence spread. In 1848 the French revolution, the great stimulus of radical doctrines, spurred Kossuth on to broader objects. He demanded independent government for his country and constitutional government In the hereditary territories of Austria. It was his burning eloquence more than anything else that started the revolution and insurrection in Vienna. The ministry was dissolved in September, 1848, and Kossuth was placed at the bead of the committee of national defenst. Events followed thick and fast after this. At Debreczin in April, 1849, the independence of Hungary was declared and Kossuth made, provisional governor, Then came difficulties and dissensions in the ranks of patriots. Russia threw herself into the Austrian cause, and to end the jealousy of Gorgei, his political rival in the great struggle, Kossuth resigned the dictatorship. The patriots were defeated in August, 1840, and Kossuth fled into Turkey, where he was held a prisoner. Despite the pressure of Russia and Austria the sultan refused to surrender the patriot, who through the interven tion of England and the United States was allowed to leave Turkey. Quoit of Hie United SUUit. In December, 1851, accompanied by his wife, he was conveyed to the United States as the nation's guest by the warship Mississippi, which had been dispatched for that purpose, What followed is well known. Kossuth was received everywhere with the greatest on thuaiusm. He became the friend of Daniel Webster and other great states men of the time, lie addressed meetings in large cities in advocacy of the claim of Hungary to independence. His eloquence was regarded as marvelous, but the coup d'etat of Napoleon 111 struck a fatal blow to his agitation, and in spite of popular sympathy his mission fell flat. Kossuth returned (o Europe In July, 1852, and joined bands with Mazzlni ant iiedro-Rollin. lie delivered leoturei In Great Britain on history and European politics, and became ae popular there us be was in the United States. In i860 he proposed a plan of attack on Austria to tiouls NapoleaUi but the peace of Villafranca prevented its consummation. Tb Hungarian legion dissolved, and Kossutl returned to England bitterly disappoint od, lie removed to Turin (where bo dltxl) in 18(13. Kossuth always entertained a warn affection for the United States, which uf forded him asylum and substantial eu courugowcmt in tinio of need. At hi huutblv homo Iu Turin ho was always glad to receive Americans. Will lluuur Mult LONDON, March 21. —A dispatch fron Uudu Pustb says the liuugnrhu^ govern luunt aud tho luewbws of tlA Ifattouu party in thu diut liuvo urrfypd ut au ogrueuiont regarding the honors tout wil bo shown Louis RECEIVERS' LAND SALE, 64 qiiarter sections in Brown county, South. Dakota, at from $600 to $1500 each, 45 quarter sections in Edm unds county,.' South Dakota, at from $600 to $1200 each. ^ 55 quarter sections in Aurora county,, South Dakota, at from $800 to $2000 each. 315 quarter sections in Hand county, South Dakota, at $500 to $1200 each. 42 quarter sections' in Beadle county,. South Dakota, at $600 to $1600 each. £ 86 quarter sections In Brule county, South* Dakota, at $500 to $1400 each. Also considerable amounts in 22 other counties in Nebraska and South Dakota, and a few farms in southern Minnesota. As a rule quarter sections of $1000 and up, except in the older counties, have good improvements in the way of cultivated land, buildings, wells, etc., and are desirably located. This is a rare opportunity for idle dollars. For further information call on or address me at Carroll, Iowa. I have examined several of the above farms and can give you particulars. A. W. SWENDER, Sales Agent for Keceivers. WIDE TIRES AS ROAD PRESERVERS. In Conjunction With Varying G»ng«»Thejr Keep the Highway Smooth. From the limestone quarry at Split Sock to the works of the, reducing com>any in Geddes, Onondaga county, N. IT., the distance is about 4)£ miles. The road connecting these two points las a bed of hard clay which has some- imes shown symptoms of tolerable be- lavior in dry weather, but has invaria- >ly backslidden into the condition of an mpassable, bottomless and sticky ncli in seasons of heavy rain. The ger, 1 condition and grade of the road urable for drainage, and its import.. .0 as a line of traffic has often luggested good reasons why it should >e improved. Three or four years ago the work of improving the 4)£ miles of road was accomplished. Rough quarry refuse and For a part of the distance field stone IT LEAVES NO HUTS. were used, all hand broken to two inch and three inch sizes. This was covered with fine unsifted quarry chips, and a crown was given to tho roadway with an elevation of about six inches in a width of 10 feet. Wagons were built for hauling stone over this roadway with wide tires and different gauges as follows: Front tire, seven-.eighths inch thick and 4 inches wide; distance(gauge) between front wheels, 4 feet 5 inches, Tho rear wheels had tires an inch thick and 0 inches wide, and the width between the wheels was 5 foot 8 inches. The axles were 3>£ front and 8 inches rear. These wagons were poled for three horses, and tho use of three horses abreast tended to combine with the wide tires and varying gauges of front and rear axles to smooth down and even the slightest r"' • ''aused by wagons of narrow tin* . ordinary gauge, of which there we. ..uiny in use on tho road. The cujwtunt use of throe of these wagons during the last tbroo years has produced a smooth, compact un(i regular surface between the quarry and the works, and the substantial crowning of the road has kept tho surface well drained and thorcforo dry and free from ruts. The wide tires and varying gauges excited a good deal of attention at the outset, and conflicting opinions wore expressed regarding thuir utility. The roHult is eminently in their favor, and tho general sentiment supports the use of these wagons for heavy loads, Loads of Btono varying from 8,000 to 10,000 pounds arc continually hauled over this road with no perceptible wear, weakness or breakdown either to the wagons or to the roads. Thu carts used uro varied in guugo. and all have given excellent satisfaction in keeping tlio roudwuy smooth. When these wagons wore llrnt put into uuo, tho road was rough and rutty, mid the work of haul- Ing wus sovoro on the horaei, but soon the broad tires began to roll and paci the road surface, and it is now (liilicull to oxuguerato tho grout benefit thtw tires have produced iu koopiug tho rout smooth anil hard and tho amount of labor they liuvo saved In tho work of hauling and repairs. The cost of hauling stone has bei-i reduced from 60 cuuts to 00 coutfl pe tun, and a team ouu easily earn fron $11.50 to |4 per day hauling wall stone uml making two round tiljw of nine miles each, or a total of 18 results are extremely favorable to the value of the wide 'tire as a road roller and should put at rest all question regarding the use of wide tires on leavy wagons. It if) clearly no man's right to destroy what another man suilds up for the benefit of the public, and the time has cpine when the abom- nation of narrow wheel tires should be axed out of existence.—Good Roads. In the Interest of Economy. No matter what plan be tried, good oads cannot be created out of the dust f the earth. They must be made of urable material, which will be costly. ?be first and most important feature of he campaign for better roads must be ducational. The taxpayers must be onvinced that good roads at' any cost' re in the inte?est of a wise economy. Vhen this has been learned, the plan bat will best embody the good roads dea can easily be determined upon. ' 'ho idea that good roads can bo had for' othing must be got rid of before any- hing else is possible in the way of better' oads.—Philadelphia Times. A'll the grandsons'of'Charles Di,. bear the name of Charles. Ono of i.', Gteruld Charles Dickens, son of II. . Fielding Dickens, Q. C., has recently < tered,,the British .navy. OFFICIAL PROCEEDING. The City Council meet and organize for the year—Officers elected—Nineteen ballots taken for night watch—Committees announced. Carroll, Iowa, March 10,1804. Council mot ut tho office of Geo. W. Jo won. Present: E. M. Parsons, mayor; E. N, Merchant, Sam Todd, Win. Tfowbridge, J. A..McNeil, W. O. Bioh, Wcndel Liowor, C. 1. Hoeft und Maurice Bowler, council. E. M, Parsons having taken the ollioliil oath his bond wus presented and on motion same wus approved and filed. Tho mnyor administered the oath of olllco o the newly elected uounciltnon, vi». J. A, Neil, E. N, Merchant, WendelLlewer and Maurice Bowler. The minutes of the proceedings of,the previous session were rend und approved. Tho official bond of F.J, Beers was presented and on motion approved. The flnnnce committee submitted the Following report; Catroll, Iowa, March 1,1894 To the mnyor and council of the city of Carroll Iowa: Gentlemen; \Ve hereby 'report thut we liuvo examined the books und records of the mayor, city clerk und city treasurer and Und them correct in every respect und that no funds have beori,, disbursed except us sanctioned by tho oily council, Respectfully submitted. E, N. MttUOiAtN'r. C. H. HOOT, W. O. MICH. Finance committee, Thu report of the committee wus on motion accepted und ordered filed. Motion thut we proceed to choose u marshal curried. Tho name of Clms. V. Hamilton was presented und on motion wus declared tho un- Mutinous choice of the council for marshal. Motion thut the salary of Chan. F. Hamilton for the ensuing your be raised from $UO lo*76'por month, Carried. Motion thut we choose u city clork. Motion carried. The names of John Solutohtuer Jr, und Cloo. A, llulfmuii were presented und ou motion u ballot was taken for city clork which resulted as follows: John Hclmelitner Jr. 7 votes, Cleo. A. Uull'mun 1 vole. Motion tlmtJohn Buhuuhtuw Jr, bu do- clured tho unanimous choice for city clerk. Curried, For night wutch the following names were presented. Juhu Howler, Junie* In. Hargor, C. W. Fuy, A. L. Purr, Kterl Mather uud Jos. Wall. Motion that we vote by ballot for night wuleh i llrst Uillot to bo luformul. Curriud Following showy tho vote. First ballot stood; Mather 1, Bowler 2, Wall 1, Barger 2, Fay 1. Eighth ballot; Mather 4, Bowler 1, Wall 1, Barger 2. Seventeenth ballot; Mather 8, Bowler If ' Burger 4. Nineteenth and last ballot ;Mather 5, Bowler 1, Barger 2. Sterling Mather was declared duly elected and salary fixed at $60 a month. Petition to extend water mains on Clark street south, to complete the circuit and thence east so as to reach all the property in the southeast part of town was on motion laid on the table. Following bills wore allowed. Patterson & Sheffield repairs on water mains etc .$12 00* . Conway draying, hauling stone .... 1 75 . Bolster work on crossings 2dys Shrs 3 75 G. Rust cleaning gutters 2 days 5 hrs.. 8 75 B. Reynolds cleaning guttora with team 8 days 6 hours 0 71 Rnndall, Dickey & Jones work on ' water mains , 1 7L Junod & Culbertson coal 8 00 National hotel room for voting ....... 5 00 1 W. H. Wnhl salary as clerk and copy fees to date 633 J. P. Hess salary as treasurer 1 year 1803to 04 BO00 Jos Buchheit lunches for fireman 6 00 Eagle Supply Co. one smokestack ... 3360 Engle Supply Covropairs SO 1 E. M. Parsons freight on above....... 2 48 John McCormiek refunding part of Iicensel2 days 860 The mnyor announced the following selection of committees. Todd, Rich, McNeil and On streets; Bowler. Water Works; Merchant, Hoeft, Trow- brldge und Llower. Cemetery; Todd and Trowbridge, Finance Merchant, Hoeft and Rich, Motion thut TUB CAHAOLL HKIIALD, Sentinel, Farm Journal and Die Gormuuiu be chosen us olflclitl papers for tho ensuing your. Carried. Sterl Mather was sworn in as night watch by tho mayor. Motion to adjourn until the first Monday in April. Curried. E. M. I'AHSONB, Mayor. W. H. WAII&, City Clork, Advertised Letter*. The following letters remain uncalled for at the postoffice, March 19,1804; Unless delivered within thirty days from date they will be forwarded to the letter omen at Washington, D. 0.: Mrs.0. U. Baker Arthur Gltford T. D. Kiwvpr John Kleokner Oapt. H. O. Lewis John Lynch Mrs, ulms. Nowel T. KoiiuUd J. Sofert , Andrew Sohoden Sophia Xolttorg Maxoon Andre' The law provides that one cent stoa] paid for all letters advertised call Ing for sanioplense state dale of ad- vertUeroent. JNO. L. POWHHS, P. M Notice of Incorporation, To whom U way concern :— Notlco it hereby jilvui) *bat tbe under* nave lucorpuruuijjj thoiuwlvw Into a ,., operate with nil tho power*, rlgnti and P»H CK«« sauted by lite laws or tua nt&le of Ml Thai the IIMHO ol tbo corporation l«. ti«ru>anla I'utilUlilug upwimiiy and .to ml uliuie °' I'uiluoM lilu Ourroli, county, IOWA: '(hat tha builotM corporation If Io eituululi, on (he imblublug of a nw [own, wltu a printing and to do aunhlng it Thut the cupltnl stoJk au—divided into shins of KM, oaen i cent of the total amount of »»td paid Iu before oummoni'uuuinl a. the corporation uuU 6u pur ueul imld within nix moi'ilu iiiuroitlk " ' to oowmonoo buitui jlif davi>< r li* SOyeariiliui t; luiouiuUor. ISM, aud rr ^- ISiii _ tbiit ia(d' corporation ftjtf . • vote of tbriM'(Qurui oi vaplial stock of tb« ooruor»HoB al aov ajtni inoetlnv ol tUo utuokUoldur*! TttM MB • ^ '' I r: \'*t ..,-- fUO. That ihu utfblri of (n« oorpp.ra.tloa ueuuuduoud by u i>r««l<l«ut, v|o0, •oorotury, uiunugiir, treasurer director* aud tu« »aU oOlouto «fd dU'ooior* ulittli omtiiuto a board ef I'lio onluori of thti uoruorauou ilml! uuuftlly m tho »uuu»l ineotlu« of plderi oil tho tli(r<J MojuUuy I ............ " Uryaud A. Uoolu»; , y. roptori, andObas. Drowu, V. HlMtlt'lU V. V UIUKNOOUUT O^H«ow« w>ifc lk . v%«uopurtt i, II. oTVl«Wi ' uou ilml of u Januar , i-. BKITHH

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