The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California on January 2, 1933 · Page 2
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The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California · Page 2

Bakersfield, California
Issue Date:
Monday, January 2, 1933
Page 2
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\-i ww;iwrt>'^^^ • ••'''' ." >i. ?'i'-'. -;, • •"•• ' v1 "'''' THE BAKERSP1ELD CALIFORNIAN, MONDAY, JANUARY 2, 1933 UOCAL AND TELEG DEAD, 40 HURT (Associated Pretit Leased Wire) BERLIN, Jan. L 1 .—Four persons •were killed and more thnn 40 Injured In New Years political and Hcml-imllt- Ical brawls In,different parts of the country, rei>ortts reaohlnt? here today disclosed. 131berfeld and \VeM, in 1'ruKsla, and the Saar region contributed the fatalities. Thirty Communists were badly injured In DellliSfmh, i'russlu. Eight persons were wounded by bullets at Glessen, In Hepso. Fighting also wan reported as Dussoldorf and Trevon, In the Rhlnelnnd. BRIGHT SPOTS IN BUSINESS! , ; ; <fc (Tufted PI-CHU Leased ll'frcj NICW YORK.--Savings bunk, de- jiosltf. In. New V'ork stills rose more Hum $56,000,000 to n total of $6,!!1G,- 000,000 In 11132 according to the savings bank association. CHICAGO,—Tlie ctir department of Ilie (.'hk'agu shops of the Chicago & Northwestern Hallway will call back liOi! men on January 3 to work on freight oar repairing. •BI3TUO1T.—The local tiro plant of the United Ktnlon Rubber Company will Increase workltiK hours 30 per cent during Jiuiuiiry, .!. F. O'Shaugh- nnfsy, vlre-prosldenl In charge of (mips, announced. ENTER SOVIET 'ACT MOSCOW, Jan. 2. — It wan learned unofficially today that thd Japanese government has communicated to tho Soviet government a formal reftiHal to Nifrn a nonaggroHslon pact with So- vlut Russia proposed by this government a year ago. DptnllH worn not yet available, but It wan reported that the main reason fnr the Japanese refusal WIIH the In- alilllly of the two countries to recon- cllo their opposing viewpoints. Japan wan represented as desiring first to settlo all differences before signing tho part and Soviet Russia nx contending the pact should be signed* flrs.t as a guarantee that the settlement of Hitch differences would be accomplished by peaceful means. BANK of AMERICA NATIONAL. TRUST ft SAVINGS ASSOCIATION — A NatittHi Batik: Member e/Featrat Reserve Syjtem BANK of AM ERICA — A California State Banl CONDENSED STATEMENT OF CONDITION, DECEMBER 31, 1932 RESOURCES Cash in Vault and in Federal Reserve Bank Deposits with Other Banks and Bankers. . United States Bonds and Certificates of Indebtedness State, County and Municipal Bonds Other Bonds and Securities StockinFederalReserve Bank Loans and Discounts . . ABank Premises, Furni, ture, Fixtures and Safe Deposit Vrfujt.s, . Other Real Es'tSt e'Own ed Customers' Liability on Account of Letters of Credit, Acceptances and Endorsed Bills . . Other Resources Total Resources. . . . Capital Surplus Undivided Profits .... Reserves Circulation Rediscounts and Bills Payable Liability for Letters of Credit and as Acceptor, Endorser or Maker on Acceptances and Foreign Bills ..... Commercial . Savings . . . Total Liabilities. . . . Bank of Amtrlca N. T. ft S. A. $83,55.7,086.80 iJO.740,230.26 170,18o,(il (,.:!:> 74.221,10!).% l.-).84i-).82.'i.L'7 2,700.000.0(1 480.67^,373.55 41,777.824.04 5.947, lJ.ri.02 10,821.234.88 9.837.013.12 $870,309,347.22 Bank of America A Calif*™ SUU Bink ty,465,252.29 4,907,017.28 (1,717.948.05 8.972,388.61 None 27,197,643.01 2.349.996.75 404,756.97 5,500.00 65.290.38 $56,292,941.11 COMBINBP $70,669,586.63 280,150,033.98 2,700,000.00 507.873,016.56 44.127.820.79 6,351,891.99 10.826,734.88 1932,602,288.33 LIABILITIES $50,000,000.00 40.000,000.00 9.890.774.17 7.498.114.14 45.500.000.00 11,875,839.49 $ 1,750.000.00 697.999.52 628,948.13 None None $114.465,835.96 45,500.000.00 11,875,839.49 Deposits: 1l.09ti.80S.35 165.541.932.61 534.905.878.46 $876,309,347.22 5.500.00 10.737,248.32 38.473.245.14 $56.292,941.11 11.102,308.35 749.658.3Q4.53t $932,602,288.33 THIS STATEMENT INCLUDES THE FIGURES OF THE LONDON, ENGLAND, OFFICE OF BANK Of AMERICA N. T. ft S. A. f This figure represents ail increase of s}i90 ) y54,OOO.OU since March 12,1932. Savings Deposits made to and including January 10, 1933, will earn interest from January 1 This Bank pays interest on savings accounts equal to tho most favorable rate paid by any bank in this city doing a comparable savings business IN A 410 BANKING OFFICES 243 CALIFORNIA COMMUNITIES BANK of AMERICA NATIONAL TRUST & SAYINGS ASSOCIATION . .. a National Bank... and »ANK of AMERICA... * California Slate Bank... arc identical in ownership and management. BAK.ERSFIELD - • Advitory Board --W. A. llowell, CHAIRMAN--W. E. Drury, CHAIRMAN »INANCK COMMITTEE--Edward Benson, C. W. Bloemer • - F. K Horton • • H. J. Brandt •-F. W. Brewstei E. D. Buss • • W. W. Colm - - George (Wine • • Ceo. Haberfelde • • Geo. Hay - • J. W. Heard, Jr. Frank A. Hopper • • C. E. Houchin • • H. S. Jewett • • P. A. Klipstein • • F. G. Munzrr Howard Nichols • • W. J. Sclmlu - - K. S. St. Glair • • J. K. Thrasher - - J. J. Wilt Harold E. Woodworth--Oarers -• A. C. Dimon, VICL-PIIUSIDKNT AMI MANAurit •• Samuel M. Grim, ASSISTANT VICE-I'IIESIOUNT • • C. 11. L andet, ASSISTANT MANACKK • - C. N. Ilislop, ASSISTANT CASHIKH 11. H. U. Hunt, ASSISTANT CASiueit - - U. K. Kanipralh, ASSISTANT CASHIKH • - J. R. Witlirow, A9*1*TANT CAtlllEll • • CuUli Wible, ASSISTANT CAS11ICK • • G. E. StOW, ASSISTANT CASHIER Ulybtes A. Gribble, ASSISTANT VICE-PRESIDENT AND ASSISTANT TBUST omcKK--W. D. Wataon, LSCKOW OFFICEH - • CAST BAKERSFIELD BRANCH -• Advisory Board- -E. S. St. Clair, CHAIRMAN 'Leo. C. Pauly, VICE-CHAIRMAN • • J. B. Cauaa • • Gus Crane - - A. J. Crite* • • I. D. Her Chas. H. Kaar • • W. A. Minner . - E. C. O'Boyle • - J. A. Raymond - - W. B. Robb M. H. Warren • • D. S. Weir--J. R. Williams .- Officers •• A. E. Puccinelli, VICE-PRESIDENT AND MANAGE!! • • F. E. Estribou, ASSISTANT MANAGER • • C. V. Benz, ASSISTANT CASHIER •I. C. Henderson, ASSISTANT CASHIER • • C. Durubeuz, ASSISTANT CASHIER (Associated Prem Leased Wife) CHICAGO, San. 2.—Directors of Campania Swift Internatlonnl have Voted a seml-annunl dividend of }1 a 4 tihtire, compared with a previous rate of fl.GO heml-annually. ' SAN FRANCISCO, Jan. 2. (A. P.)— Nevada-California Electric Company has declared the regular quarterly dividend of J1.7B .a Hhnro on preferred block. NEW YOnK.—Dunlan Silk Corporation reported cnrnlngH for the six montliH ended November 30 wero equnl to 74 cents fi. common nharc, against 4 cents In the corresponding period of 1031; BREED, LITTLEWIN COVETED PLACES Former Elected President of Senate, Pro Tern; Latter Speaker fContinued From Page One) NOT COMFORTING • Hoover Committee Declares U. S. Social Ills Must Be Redressed (Continued From Page One) of tho trends and possibilities of modern science." Many Problems A "bewildering confusion of problems" with which "nothing short of the combined Intelligence of the nation can cope" Is found by tho report. They range, the committee said In Its review of tho findings, from imperialism to better homes and standards of living, and Include taxation, social Insurance, reorganization of governmental units, governmental regulation of Industry, shifting moral standards, mental hygiene and tho future of democracy and capitalism. Major Problem It found the "Major emerging problem" to be one of "closer co-ordination and more effective Integration of the swiftly changing elements in American social life." As on of the necessities of this problem Is to be met It cited "willingness and determination to undertake Important Integral changes . in tht reorganisation of social life, Including the economic and the political orders, rather than the pursuance of a policy of drift." The host pf problems, the committee declared, have been raised by the unequal progress of Institutions affect- Ing every Individual. Physical sciences have been advancing much more rapidly than social sciences. Economic and governmental organizations have grown at a rapid rate while the church and the family have declined in social significance. The organized labor movement seems to bo losing in numbers and vigor. The committee said it did not believe In a "moratorium upon research In physical Science and Invention, such as has sometimes been proposed," but held that "social invention has to bo stimulated to keep place with mechanical invention." Hoover's Foreword President Hoover said in his foreword to 1 the volumes: "Since the task assigned to the committee was to inquire into changing trends, the result Is emphasis on elements of Instability rather than stability in our social structure. "This survey is the latest and most comprehensive of a series, some of them governmental and others privately sponsored, beginning in 1D21 with the report on 'waste in industry 1 under my chairmanship. "It should serve to help all of us to see where social stresses are occurring and where major effouts should be undertaken to deal with them constructively." " Percy O. West, Sacramento. ,The vote was 48 to 30.. .Clowdsley was nominated by Lucius J. Powers, Fresno, and supported by San Joaquln valley assemblymen. Accepting the epeakershlp, Assemblyman kittle declared "California should not brook sectionalism In its public affairs, and T will see that It is not brought forward upon this floor." He told the assemblymen It would r.e- qulre "real thought on the part of tho nembers of the Legislature to see that no stumbling blocks" were placed n tho way of returning prosperity, Senate Slow The Senate was slow starting. Its members were still caucusing more .nan an hour after the Assembly convened, trying to settle differences, us to floor leiv.ership and election of some of the attaches. Assembly Adjourns The Assembly adjourned until 0.80 tomorrow morning after completing organization. Arthur A. Ohlnumus, San Francisco, was re-elected chief clerk for his tenth term. Louis J. Erb, San Francisco, minute clerk at seven previous sessions, was unanimously re-elected. Michael Connolly, Los Angeles, was unopposed for election as sergeant-at-arms. Rabbi Norman M. Qoldsberg of Sacramento was named chaplain. Ohlnumus appointed Fred J. Desch first assistant clerk. STATE SOUKS MANY GRAVE NO CLUES FOUND TO LAWMAKER Press Leased Wire) HENDERSON, N. C., ian. 2.—Uncertainty continued today to shroud the disappearance of R. S. McCoIn. Sheriff J. E. Hamlett continued to hold In jail here A. P. Holden, 33, picked up Saturday ,,for questioning, but expressed belief .he had nothing to do with the case. Holden was Identified as a former inmate of state's prison by Warden E. ]5. Honeycut't. Results of his fingerprints are awaited. Authorities In ,Ohlo continued to seek a man, identified by several persons through a photograph as McColn. In Maryland, a Hearch was still going forward for his body; on the strength of an anonymous letter saying the former state senator is burled along a. highway there, after being killed by robbers In Virginia. A man arrested in Doanoke, Vn., Dr. M. E. Yergln, was, released after officer's were convinced he had nothing to do with the case. U. S. Deficit Six iviontns Reaches $1,153,766,424 (United Press Leased Wire) ' ' ,, W ASHINGTON, Jan. 2.— The federal government entered th« Itet half of the flsial year 1933 today with a deficit of more 'than $1,153,766,424. YThl» ideflqlt; was $9(000,000 mere than President Hoover, estimated In.his budget messaoe for the entire fiscal year, exclusive' of debt.retlremsntV'ithe government, .during the last six months, has spent approximately W,904;000 more a day than It has collected.' .' '.Continually falling revenue's, plus the failure to effect large sav- Ings, have kept the deficit almost up. to ,last year's all-time -peace record. . . "'• .... „.'.,,.••,,,:'.'..,-,, •'< .'•;. , .../'.- .',.'.. ..'./,'':,,-•. •'•...'.... ';,''•'., The deficit of »1,183,766,484.68 at. the close'of business Deoember 21 compared with |1,382,«S7,38»,58 on the corresponding, date In" : 19iiV .i.":.. • , Income tax, collections -during the current fiscal year through December 28 aggregated $342,078,687.96, against $812,841,483.72 en the .ooC- responding date a year ago. Customs receipts totaled but $13e;38»,- 496.55 compared with $194,636,130.44. , ' ,'.' The original treasury estimates of the deficit for the current fiscal year were $1,140,000,000, but officials now believe that total Is a pit too low. Many believe It will be nearer $2,000,000,000, excluding any further' Increases Iri relief or reconstruction problems which may be Instituted by the present Congress, or the special session expected to be called this spring by ^President-elect Roosevelt, ,'.-', : ':>:•/-' ; s : EARLYFAREILL TO "LAME (Continued From Page One) (Continued From Page One) proposal for ft one-year moratorium on tax penalties, and the criminal law of the California revlwlon program crime commission, The trust dend bill, to be Introduced by Senator J. W. McKinley of I..OH An- gelcH, IH designed to prevent the taking of deficiency judgments by unscrupulous lenders. The measure would give adequate notice to nil persons entitled, to such Information; permit the reinstatement of loans by paying Installments or In- tercut actually In default; provide that lenders will not be able to Hntlsfy their debt from othcV property of the debtor, 'and make it unlawful to bring action for deficiency judgments after a limited period. Wants Moratorium Assemblyman Charles A; Hunt, Los Angeles Democrat, would declare a moratorium until 1934 on all tax delinquency penalties. He pointed out that If property owners pay their present delinquent taxes by 1934, they should not have to pay more than 8 per cent Interest and no penalties. Two separate legislative reports. on tho subject of crime were to be Aub- nillted, one by tho California crime rnmmlBslon, the other by a pperlal committee named to make a study on thi! cont of crime In California and rc"nmmonrt needed changes l» the lirw. Ten separate proposals are embraced In the crime commission's report, in- i-ludlnp a bill to permit verdicts In criminal onsen other than those !n- •\nlvlnfr capital punishment by 10 or (lie 12 jurors, replacing the presont rr'iuirninent for a unanimous verdict; permitting the Jury In criminal cases, tu consider failure of a defendant to t,f".sllf,v in his own behalf; strengthening tho law punishing persons who kniiwlngly receive stolen property; numerous oliangeH in the probation laws nr-d amending the presenMuw providing for alternate jurors "in criminal fit from this federal source In meeting the needs of our unemployed." Roosevelt's Words "It is time to define' more clearly where tho federal machinery of government ends and where the stato machinery of government begins," the presidentelect said at tlie' Inaugural ceremonies. "It is tlnie likewise for closer contacts between the President and the governors." .Smith Eulogized Referring to former Governor Alfred 13, Smith, who also was a speaker, Mr. Roosevelt said: 'Four yearn ago it fell to me to succeed a governor who hud .set a. standard founded on unselfish effort and a keen understanding of the needs of the people of the state. To maintain a government of definite action founded on liberal thought has Ijeen my aim. It 1st therefore of special moment both to Governor Smith and to myself that wo see today tho responsibility that was ours passing into the hands of Governor Lehman." The president-elect also mentioned briefly local government reconstruc- lon which Governor Lehman Is known to fuvor. "The sovereignty of the state—In other words the people themselves— are In my judgment rightly asking both structural changes and the elimination of unnecessary personnel and of unnecessary functions," he said. Lehman Pleasing AK he entered upon his speech, tho president-elect said, "There is another reason why I rejoice today In the privilege of taking part In the Inauguration of my long-time friend and colleague. I shall have a friend in Albany, and he will have n friend in Washington." * Amendment Has Been Ratified by 17 States; Action by Others Soon (A undated Press Leased Wire) WASHINGTON, Jan. 2. — Legislatures of 43 states wIlKmeet during tho next few days, and their gathering probably spells an early farewell to "lame ducks." The odds are thai the Twentieth amendment to.the Constitution, under which each new Congress will take office on January 3 after election day, ousting immediately the defeated representatives, will be ratified before the current "lame duck" Congress passes out March 4. Under It the.terms of th'e president and vice-president begin on January 20. . 17 Have: Ratified Seventeen states already have ratified. Each of the 31 which have not, Will have a legislative session this month. Nineteen plus the 17 already on record would be enough to put the amendment into the Constitution. One factor for speed In ratification has been a definite tide of opinion which In recent years has swept the prnclple of legislation by lame ducks to a new low of popular .disfavor. It took Congress .ten years to agree to the change, because of the hesitation of the House to accept the view to which the veteran George Nor' rls'' of Nebraska long ago converted the Senate. The amendment takes effect on tho October 15 after ratification. It provides that Congress shall meet on January 3 following, and on each January 3 from then on. Jan. 20 Instead of March 4 The President takes office March 4 of this year as In the past, but whoever is elected' in November, 1980, would take office January 20, 11)37, under tho amendment. After the change is made both Congress arid President will work full terms. The legislatures meeting this month which have not yet ratified, and whose terms are limited to less than 100 days are: Arizona, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Maryland, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, -Nevada, New Mexico, North Dakota, Oregon, South Dakota, Tennessee, Utah, Washington and Wyoming. Those which have not ratified but which have unlimited time are: California, Colorado, Connecticut, Iowa, Kansas, Mississippi, New Hampshire, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Vermont and Wisconsin. The 17 which already, have ratified are: Alabama, Arkansas, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Michigan, Mississippi, New Jersey, Now York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Texas, Virginia and AVest Virginia. FIVEPERI1IN ELKS CLUB FIRE Blaze Destroys Structure of Fraternal Order at Vallejo fAssoetated.Presi Leased VALLEJO, Jan. 2. — Five known deaths from a New Years morning blaze which destroyed the Elks' Lodge club here were listed today as firemen reached the smoldering ruins to determine if any other persons lost their lives. Another man was known to have been seriously burned by tho fire which raged through the threo-story wooden structure yesterday after a night of revelry Incident to welcoming the arrival of 1933. The known dead, -who firemen said were trapped in their beds, were: E. Q. Foaarty, 43, draughtsman at Mare Island .navy yard. Edward Gearing, 46, retired real estate dealer and barber. E. G. Swasey, 60, caretaker of the club. William Mitchell, 65, retired Mare Island navy yard employe. Frank Wlggln, 60, navy yard employe. E. Gaffney, burns. received third-degree Arch Travey, exalted ruler of. the Vnllejo Elks' Lodge, said the possibility that others may have lost their lives in the flames could not bo checked until a full list of thoso who were in the building at the time, was secured. It was believed some persons may have slipped into vacant rooms and fallen asleep, ho said. ESCAlliCT IS KILLEOJ^DEPUTIES (Continued From Page One) Inter national 'Dispute Likely; Captain Claims Act Is ft Uigli-Seas Piracy (UMtcdt'rett Leased Wire) SAN FRANCISCO; Jan* 2.— Irttornft- tlonal complications were threatened today as an aftermath to the seizure by the coast guard of the boat, Ka- game, and her' liquor cargo oiltsldo J San Francisco bay. 'Captain Afthuf O. Lilly of the Kagame refuged to provide $10,000 ball for himself and His crew of four, claiming exemption froitt arrest as British subjects. They' I'M malned In jail today.. : ~' r *j The Kagomo Is registered at Van -I couver, B. C. - ,' i., .' •• • • * *• ' • • The Irate skipper charged; the coast guard with "piracy on the high seas." . He alleged hie boat was In International waters when It was fired upon and seized Sat- , urday by the coast guard cutter Shoshone. Captain Eugene Blake, of the coast guard In this district, rid'-T mttted the Shoshone fired several'VoU leys of blank cartridges, ana one sollj shot, at the Kagomo. The boat was held by the cofts guard today along with Its cargo 560 cases of liquor and 200 Backs' beer, pending' disposition of the running charges' against the crew.' NEW BATTLE INFAIMA (Continued From Page One) 1932 N. Y. Exchange Volume in Decline NEW YORK, Jan. 2.—TKe year 1932 was the smallest in volume of stock exchange sales since 1924. Sales totaled 425,234,294 shares, against 570,750,412 in 1931; 810,ti32,C40 in 1930, and 1,124,608,910 in 1929, the latter tho record year. Prices for the year declined about 20 per cent In the Industrial average; 22 per cent In the railroad and 11 per cent in the utility. he had sighted the gunman and his captive. Willie pursued the automobile and forced It to halt. He approached the machine. Pleads for Life From a distance the approaching constable heard Hamilton shout, "He's in the back seat covering me with two guns. Let me go on with him and I'll have a chance to live, but If you come closer, he'll let me have It!" Constable Willie considered for a moment and waved them down the road. He. watched them disappear. Later, however, the negro decided that they needed, more gasoline, and told Hamilton to drive Into Lancaster. Hamilton turned the automobile around and drove to a service station, where -the attendant, under the menacing muzzles of the gunman's weapons filled the machine with motor" fuel. Green then told Hamilton to head for Los Angelep. Captain Jack Stewart and his assistant, Jim Carter, Los Angeles deputy sheriffs stationed at Newhall, were going north through Mint canyon and met the automobile carrying Hamilton and his captor. They gave chase. The negro ordered Hamilton to stop the machine. The officers dismounted from their motorcycle and while approaching poured several volleys of lead 'Into the machine. Green fired back at them through the rear glass Roosevelt and Sen. Norris Will Visit Muscle Shoals Garner Resigns as Texas Congressman (T'nlfrrf I'rean Leased Wire) •WASHINGTON, Jan. 2.— Speaker .lobn Garner resigned today ax congressman from Texas. Ho explained in a letter to Governor lloss Sterling that his coming Inauguration as vlnn-pres- Idcnt would make It Impossible for him to remain longer as a member of the House of Representative*. By FRANCIS M. STEPHENSON (Associated Press Leased Wire) H Vl Pi F VDE PARK, N. Y., Jan. 2.— 'ranltlln D. Roosevelt today put the budget and power Issues foremost among the many presidential problems facing him as his term In tho governor's office of New York came to n close. With Senator Nor- rls of Nebraska, veteran advocate of government operation, tho President- elect will go late this month to the wartime Muscle Shoalf,' Ala., poM-er and nttrato plant to study disposition of that gigantic property. On Thursday night at Ills New York City home, he will listen to plans of the party spokesmen for raising new revenue In place of the sales tax which he has banned. The Inclusion of ranking members of tho congressional committees on Interstate commerce In the Thursday night parley has led to speculation that a levy on Interstate shipments may be under consideration. 'Fo<Uiy found Mr, Roosevelt giving Ills final attention to Now York gubernatorial affairs. Tho program called for an early automobile trip to Albany for Inauguration of Ills suo- Immedlate return to the family estate hero. Tomorrow he goes to his homo In New York City for two weeks of conferences. On January 10, the President-elect will turn southward with Warm Springs,' (ju., • and a yacht trip In southern waters us his goal. A stop-over will be made In Washington on January 20 nt which .conferences with .party members of Congress will be renewed. Furrn relief, already a live Issue In the House, will be the subject of discussions then and possibly before. , Washington that night Mr. Roosevelt goes to Muscle Shoals fur an Inspection of about two hours on Saturday. He also has invited Senators Black and Bnnkhead, of Alabama; McICellar and Hull, of Tennessee; Representative Hill, of Alabama; and Frank R. MoNlnch, member of the federal power commission, to accompany him on this visit. Leaving Muscle Shoals, the President.- elect will go direct to Montgomery to have dinner Saturday night with Uuvmior Tl. M. Miller of Ala- biinm. That night he departs for Warm Springs, arriving the next duy sefsor, Herbert H. Lehman, sinil an • and remaining for two. weeljs.. of the automobile, from the cor. Hamilton leaped Hardly had he left the machine than Green's body was the target for another withering volley from guns of the following officers and the "June- bug" slumped In the machine with a dozen bullets embedded In his vital organs. Hamilton Wounded Cons'table Hamilton saved, himself from death by the leap from the auto- molble but received a slight flesh wound In "the back when of 'the bullets fired early In the encounter glanced off metal of tho machine and struck him. He was back at work In Mojavo today. "Junebug" Oreen was a noted bad man of tho Los Angeles district. Hu had served three prison sentences for various offenses, press dispatches stated, and at tho time of his escape, was being taken from Folsom prison to LOB Angeles to face a charge of having murdertd a .Pacific Electric Railway Company conductor during a holdup In Los Angeles last year. Deputy Sheriffs Al Welch ami Jim Durnal, from Bukersfleld, ' who were covering the Tehachapl district In tho search, arrived at Newhnll soon after the battle. The negro was dying then. He dlod later In a Newhall hospital. SWIMMING SEASON OPEN LORAljN, Ohio, Jan. 2. (A. P.)— Scorning an occasional piece of Ice and a lot of cold win, John Berbu, 275-pound Loraln athlete, yesterday opened (for himself only) the 198!) swimming season on Lake Erie. He was nibbling at an Ico cream cono and was clad In a regulation bathing suit when ho plunged In the water After staying In three minutes, "Just to convince his friends" who were wltncKsoa, Serbu emerged, declaring he felt none the worse. Ingv near Shanhalkawan. Japanese air corps forces at Mukden had beeiJ dispatched to the scene, It was announced. The Chinese, the report' said, had dynamited a railroad bridge three kilometers west of Slinnhalkwan,- which Is the gateway Into ; China. Shortly thereafter there was heavy hand-to-hand street fighting, the reports said. It continued during th' night. ; The Japanese claimed that the Chinese had violated the neutral: Ity pact agreed on after th'e' Japanese occupation of C.hlnchow ' and subsequent operations. It was reported that Marshal Chang Hsueh Liang had concentrated brigades of troops on the Jehol hiy|j der fearing Japanese occupation! Jehol. Such occupation was lleved possible, with Japanese in cq trol of Shanhalkwan, a const railrtj city. . Japanese concentrations, near- city were unknown. They were leved to be Jieavy because of repprt| Jhlnese concentrations .there, nese armored .trains, have, bepil acty n the vicinity -vltfilh the pad"" night. ' WASHINGTON INTERPRETS .'"• MOTIVES OF JAPANESE . ...H* WASHINGTON, Jan. 2. (U. P.)- leslre to round out the frontiers' itnnchurla, obtain control of vast mlit'j ral deposits and strengthen the mlJJ ary position of the new state •'< 'Mnnchukuo" are understood to be. Jhe easons for the contemplated Japanese abjection of Jehol. This sparsely settled but- Important province—a part of "Inner MonjtoHa'P —lies just east :of Manchuria, ts. boundaries are undeveloped'.'t. enormous deposits of coal • and . Irjcj he sinews of, war. Politically,, the status of Jehpl- clouded. Both the late Marshal Chah| Tso-Ltn, potent "war lord" of Man-j churla, and his lesser-known Sft Marshal Chang Hsalo-Llang, clalifi .he province as a part' of Manchuria! Early In 1928. the local goverrimen declared.Its allegiance to. the CJilnes«| central government. ..• Japan regards Jehol OH an integral; part of Manchuria. Lately several official spokesmen In Toklo have de-' clared that It must inevitably become. a part of the new state of "Mandhu-. cuo." They h'ave hoped that this might i be accomplished by political- rather than military penetration. '' ' No Surprise to U. S. American officials have anticipates a Japanese-"Manchukuoan". drive lilt Jehol for many months. It appeaf.ed/1 to be under way last September. but.J after a few border skirmishes, the JfDf anese troops -withdrew. The exptahaV tlon of this cessation of fighting, glvert In diplomatic circles, was that Japaf did not want to antagonize tho Leag' of Nations committee which was thoii drafting, its report on the Manchurlan occupation. Recent reports from Toklo that thj Japanese Manchuria was t' augmented, coupled with today reports of the'•fighting In Shanhaf wan, caused observers hero to belief that the long-expected campaign now be under .Way,' Shanhalkwan is a 'cliy of vast logic importance.- Lying on a shelf of land where the great w»ll'i| China comes down to the sea. It don nates the Pelplng-Mukden railroad, controlling Shanhalkwnn, Japaneq troops t!ould prevent the movement Chinese forces by rail Into either J«" hoi and Manchuria. Cljthese lroo| then could proceed only by overlap roads, on which travel Is difficult tho winter season. From a diplomatic standpoint, tho skate department always has'rogarde the conquest of Jehol as merely a pn of the larger question of Japan's rlgl to dominate any part of China, Whf last fall, it appeared that a Japaneij drive Into Jehol was beginning, nfr cials told the United Press that tliojl did not plan a new protest to Japan. MERCENARY TO GO TO WAR ROOSEVELT FIELD, N. Y., Jan. (U, P.)—Captain Frank • Lonnle Hrtj) former British war-time .pilot more recently a motion picture st.uj man, announced today ho was orga izlng a group of pilots to enlist service In the Gran Chaco, where Hvla and Paraguay are fighting. CRAFT BEACHED; CREW 8AF WASHINQTON, Jim. 2. (A, • P.-H Coast guard headquarters today re" cetved a report that the coast gua " flying boat Aroturus—forced down tho Atlantic—had boon beaghpd at . n. m.. five miles south of Sebastian Inlet on tKo Klurlda urwst.. Tin. report said tho craft WHS' but there wore |io casualties. - •

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