Jailed exiles prefer U.S. prison to Castro rule LEAVENWORTH, Kan. (UPI) - Andre Fonseca says he has found a freedom behind prison walls in the United States that he never knew on the streets of Cuba. And the Cuban refugee, one of many thousands who left Cuba during the recent "Floating Flotilla," vows he will return to his homeland only if forced to return by U.S. immigration authorities — and then only if he is armed. "There is such a misery there (in Cuba). The whole country is so poor it's like the whole country is in jail. Being here (prison) is better treatment than being free on the streets of Cuba," he said. "The only way I will ever go back to Cuba is with a group with guns in our hands." Fonseca, 41, a convicted robber, is one of more than 150 former Cuban prisoners currently being held at the Kansas federal penitentiary until immigration authorities determine whether they were political prisoners in Cuba — as many claim — or whether they are hardened criminals Fidel Castro just released to empty his jails. An adverse decision by immigration authorities could result in a one-way ticket back to Cuba. Hearings by immigration officials on the fate of the prisoners began last week. Fonseca said he and other prisoners were warned not to say they had been inmates. But he said offered nothing but the truth to immigration officials when he entered the country. "I'm not going to lie to the United States, a country that has taken me in," said Fonseca. "I have nothing to hide. "I'd rather go anywhere. Anywhere where I can be free." For Fonseca, freedom in Cuba consisted of being in a sugar cane detail while working out his sentence. Still, he said he was hesitant to leave the prison — even at the urging of Cuban authorities — because of anti-American stories he had heard. Prisoners heard tales of the oppression of blacks, that as a foreigner Americans would not sell him a new car or house. But Fonseca said the tales of horror proved untrue. The prisoners have enjoyed clean living conditions at Leavenworth and have been treated to foods that Cubans view as delicacies — such as Coca-Cola, ham and apples. "Here at least you have human rights," said Jesus Rodriguez, 23, another inmate serving a robbery sentence. "In Cuba, that's nonexistent." The prisoners interviewed made it clear they have no great love for Castro — whom they say runs the country with an iron hand and is fond of jailing Cubans for political reasons. "If you say you want to go to the United States, that was enough to throw you in jail for 10-15 years," said Rodriguez. "There are prisoners everywhere in Cuba," said Fon- seca. "thousands of people are in prisons in Cuba." And if given the chance, all Cubans would leave the island, Fonseca said. "If they would open it up the whole country would nee," said Fonseca. "If they'd liberate Cuba, we'd kick out the foreigners and the Russians." The Cuban inmates at Leavenworth are unsure if their attempts to escape that regime will net them the freedom and new lives they want to make in the United States. Meanwhile, they read books, sleep, watch television, play baseball and attend church services in the prison — all the while wondering whether they will be returned to Cuba. "That's what really worries all of them," said Jose Hernandez, 26, another of the Cuban prisoners. "We're here in jail but we don't really know what for. We don't know what's going to happen to us." "If we are deported to Cuba, I would rather jump off the boat and kill myself," said Rodriguez. Cuff stuff ""'" A Selden couple had all but given •"hope of ever finding their seven-year"^old Brittany spaniel, Nick, after the '"dog disappeared from home several weeks ago. ~"' r But Nick — who somehow survived '."torrid temperatures during a 36-day or- "'tfeal at the bottom of a seven foot deep culvert — was accidently found by his 'owners, Mr. and Mrs. Dennis Corder. "They had completely given up hope ~ ;6t ever finding Nick," explained Mrs. •;Susan Corder, the Selden couple's 'daughter-in-law who resides in Salina. ••"|They just happened to go by the cul- '"vert one day and spotted him." " 'The culvert, which is only a quarter 'of a mile from the Selden couple's ' 'home, is three to four feet wide and seven feet deep. Mrs. Corder said the 'animal's will to survive carried him through the ordeal. "Somehow he kept hanging on to life. •He didn't have any food or water the .whole time... he was just skin and 'bones." Despite the loss of weight and "strength, Nick appears well on the way •to a full recovery. "He's doing real well now and he is 'looking better by the day," Mrs. Corder said. Barter's cousin :jo take part in colloquium MANHATTAN - Don Carter, who grew up in Plains, Ga., with his first cousin, Jimmy, heads a distinguished list of guests for Kansas State University's third annual National Affairs Colloquium. The colloquium is sponsored by the Department of Journalism and Mass Communications. Carter will appear Sept. 15 at one of the weekly three-hour, informal, roundtable discussion with a dozen up- perclass and graduate students. He is vice president for Knight-Ridder News' papers, Miami, Fla., and is in charge of all major newspapers of the group. Others who will make appearances in Manhattan include Robert B. Semple Jr., foreign editor of the New York Times; Michael Gartner, president and editor of the Des Moines Register & Tribune; Tad Bartimus, Topeka, roving Associated Press writer, •and Howard Bray, executive director of the Fund for Investigative Journalism Inc., Washington, D.C. ~. Whitley Austin, retired editor of The Salina Journal, will be among others participating. Gar-horse collision injures Nebraskans BELLEVILLE — A car-horse collision Sunday on U.S. 81 eight miles north of Belleville injured three Hastings, Neb., residents. Richard B. Sulley, 50, and Steven C. Sulley, 16, were admitted to Republic County Hospital, Belleville. A hospital spokesman Monday morning declined to issue a condition report on the pair. Jeannee E. Sulley, 50, was treated at the hospital and released Sunday fol-. lowing the 9:45 p.m. accident. : A Kansas Highway Patrol spokesman said Richard Sulley was driving his vehicle north on U.S. 81 it struck a horse standing in the roadway. ; The impact threw the horse over the hood of the car and onto the roof. Summer movie program scheduled for Thursday ,- A Summer Fun Movies program will be held Thursday at 7:30 p.m. at the Salina Community Theater, 303 E. Iron. :The movies consist of of highlights from the Salina Recreation Commission's program for the handicapped un- 4fjr the guidance of Peggy Wallert. Ac- tpties from last fall and this summer involving the handicapped of Salina will be featured in the movies. Local- State The Salina Journal ROLLING ALONG — Jenny Janke, right, sent her 16-year- old sister Julie into the water during the Luberjack Bowl Sunday. By doing so, the 17- year-old Jenny claimed her second straight World Log- UPI Photo rolling Championship at Hayward, Wis. The teenaged sisters from Winlock, Wash., have held the title for three consecutive years with Julie winning in 1978. Return shah's wealth, KU prof recommends LAWRENCE, Kan. (UPI) - A University of Kansas professor who has made several trips to Iran said the shah's death will not change the hostage situation, but a U.S. admission of complicity with the shah in alleged crimes against Iranians would have an effect. "The (Iranian) people feel that unless this (complicity) is exposed, they're vulnerable to another attack," KU sociology professor Norman Forer said Sunday. Forer said the death of the former shah will not bring about any dramatic changes, either in Iran or with the 52 U.S. hostages held since last November. Iran has been largely under the control of other nations most of this century and is very sensitive to what it sees as outside interference, Forer said. He suggested returning to Iran the shah's financial assets as a good first step in ending the hostage crisis. 'Back-A-Youth' memberships total 500 at the Salina YAACA The Salina Family YMCA has issued approximately 500 "Back-A-Youth" memberships for the current year. "During the years I have been associated with the YMCA," said Joe Cloud, chairman of the YM's Endowment Committee, "we have distributed between 300 and 500 Back-A-Youth memberships every year." He said the'YMCA and trust fund officials also have implemented a plan developed by the YMCA staff to provide funding assistance for 30 low-income families to receive memberships this year. "We believe the YMCA programs and services can have a very positive impact in helping family relations, communications and attitudes," Cloud said. A report on the results of the assistance program will be prepared during August. "If the results are successful," Cloud added, "then I believe more of the YMCA Trust Funds will be available to assist families with a membership as opposed to providing memberships for just the youth." He said the YM is budgeted to receive approximately $20,000 from endowment-trust funds this year. The funds are used not only for memberships but to provide education, food, clothing and program scholarships to youths who cannot afford the program fees. And, Cloud said, some of the trust funds are used to supplement what the YMCA receives from the United Way so membership and program fees for youth can be held down. "No Salina youth has ever been denied an opportunity to participate in any YMCA program or to receive a membership because of actual inability to pay all or part of the fees," Cloud said. "Any youth needing assistance is urged to contact the YMCA." Congressional study says Gasohol boom could force up grain prices WASHINGTON (UPI) - A congressional study warns that mass production of grain alcohol for gasohol could drive up food prices. The study by Congress' Office of Technology Assessment, titled "Energy from Biological Processes," concluded that methanol or wood alcohol and other energy from biomass — wood, grasses and agricultural wastes — could supply 10 to 20 percent of the country's annual energy needs by the year 2000. Most of the increased production could come from wood — already almost as important an energy source as nuclear power, it said. The report cautioned that "at ethanol (grain alchohol) production levels as low as 2 billion gallons per year — but possibly higher if certain market adjustments prove feasible — competition between food and energy uses for American grain harvests could begin to drive up grain prices." "We can already sense that point where food and energy become an interconnected system," Office of Technology Assessment Director John Gibbons told a briefing. But he said he believes the government would put a lid on the gasohol boom before problems cropped up at the grocery counter. Sen. Birch Bayh, D-Ind., the farm-oriented National Alcohol Fuels Commission, criticized the grain alcohol portion of the report and said ethanol production at "a sustained level of 4 billion gallons per year by 1990" would raise corn prices only 15 percent With current federal gasohol goals and subsidies, ethanol production from corn and other grains is supposed to jump sixfold, from 80 million gallons last year to 500 million gallons by the end of 1981. Plans for reducing oil imports call for more use of gasohol, which is made by mixing 10 percent ethanol with gasoline. But the report said other biomass sources are being neglected because Energy Department projections call for a mere doubling of their use. The report said methanol, another mix for gasohol, does not blend readily with gasoline, meaning its use as a transportation fuel would require major conversions of energy systems. The study's project director, Thomas Bull, dismissed the idea of "energy farms" as impractical. But, considering rising oil and gas prices, he said such sources as wood chips already are competitive. He endorsed cultivation of unconventional biomass energy from sugar-producing plants and fast growing trees, although he said, "It's just not economic at this point to grow these things for energy." Proposed fuel conservation plan includes banning some left turns TOPEKA, Kan. (UPI) - Gov. John Carlin Monday revealed a draft of a proposed 20-step state emergency gasoline conservation plan that includes such fuel-saving measures as odd-even gas rationing and outlawing left turns at busy intersections. There is no current gasoline shortage in Kansas or the nation, but market conditions can shift rapidly, Carlin said. "Therefore, we have been preparing an emergency gasoline conservation plan just in case another major supply interruption occurs," he said in a written release. The plan stems from the U.S. Emergency Energy Conservation Act of 1979. That is the same legislation that assigned a 15-percent voluntary gasoline conservation target to Kansas in 1980, but reduced the figure to around 5 percent after review by Kansas officials. Under the federal law, the president could declare an energy emergency, and the states would be assigned conservation targets. States then would have 45 days to come up with a conservation plan. Kansas Energy Office Director Joe King said that 45 days is not enough time to get public response to conservation measures so he decided to go ahead and start on a plan, Carlin said. A public hearing on the preliminary plan will be Aug. 20 in Topeka, although King's office will take written comments on the plan through Aug. 31. Three stages Under the proposal, fuel conservation would be split into three phases. One would target fuel saving at 1 to 7 percent below normal consumption, phase two would be 8 to 14 percent and phase three would be 13 to 19 percent. Under federal law, rationing would be imposed if the shortage reached 20 per- cent, Carlin's statement said. In late June Kansas was assigned an annual voluntary conservation goal of about 5 percent, or 66 million gallons. If the target were made mandatory, Kansans would have to save that much gasoline from the level of the previous 12-month period, Carlin said. Outlined in King's draft are 20 possible fuel-saving steps. Among the con- servation measures, the president could impose voluntary or mandatory mimimum purchasing rules or odd- even gasoline buying. Also, service stations could be required to display variously colored flags to indicate fuel availability, and the sale of more than two gallons of gasoline to be delivered in a container could be restricted. Also in the plan is proposed outlawing of left turns at busy intersections. The draft says that would reduce traffic congestion and excess fuel consumption. Waiting for a chance to turn left, especially during the rush hours, increases fuel consumption. Stricter enforcement of the speed limit is proposed, as well as plans to impose lower speed limits. Work hours also would be changed, either voluntarily or mandatorily, so that fewer people were driving at one time. In addition, the plan includes lengthening work days and shortening work weeks. The strictest version of the plan calls for curtailment of after-school activities to cut down driving to and from schools. Electric bills shocking to customers When the KP&L bills began arriving last week, most residents were shocked, but few were surprised. KP&L customers, in a random telephone survey, said they anticipated higher than normal bills from running air conditioners and fans during the triple-digit heat wave. The telephone survey was conducted by the Journal. Most of those called said their bills doubled in July. Others, possibly anticipating higher costs, tried to conserve by drawing curtains and blinds and living in the dark. One woman who did just that reported her recent bill went from a pre-heatwave (30 to only $43. Not all customers were that fortu- nate. One resident said her bill rose from $60 to $120, and some of her friends who live in larger homes, reported bills over $250. The knees of another Salina woman weakened considerably when she received her bill for over $100. The normal bill for the three bedroom home is around $40 to $50. However, upon closer examination, she found the statement included the previous month's bill that had been paid after the last billing cycle. Norm Jackson, division manager for KP&L, said that because of the various billing cycles, only a few residents will see bills reflecting energy use during the entire beat wave. He said that with 21 billing cycles, bills are sent out during every working day of the month. This means that most customers' bills will include lower energy use before or after the month-long hot spell. "Those in the billing cycle of the 23rd, 24th, and 25th will ride all the way through this," Jackson said. "There will be no moderation on either end." He said the company records show that residents in that billing cycle can generally expect statements to double over the previous month. Send your news tip to The Salina Journal, $45 in prizes every week. Guest of honor won't be on hand BUFFALO, Wyo. (UPI) - It isn't likely the guest of honor will show at "Lowell Ferguson Days," a planned fete to mark the day a Western Airlines pilot inadvertently ushered Buffalo into the jet age by landing his airliner at the wrong airport. Chamber of Commerce officials say Lowell Ferguson, who put down last July 31 in Buffalo instead of Sheridan, about 35 miles to the north, apparently won't attend the celebration planned in his honor Aug. 8-9. In a letter to Betsy Kirven, executive director of the Buffalo Chamber of Commerce, the Air Line Pilots Association said Ferguson would not appear. He indicated earlier he planned to attend the event. Kenneth B. Cooper, an attorney for the pilots' group, said in the letter that both association and Western officials have taken a dim view of the proposed party. Mrs. Kirven said the chamber will go ahead with its annual "Crazy Days" celebration, but that Ferguson's visit will be sorely missed.
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