The Salina Journal from Salina, Kansas on July 28, 1980 · Page 4
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The Salina Journal from Salina, Kansas · Page 4

Salina, Kansas
Issue Date:
Monday, July 28, 1980
Page 4
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nion The Salina Journal Sweet charity r- $500 to the United Way; $400 to '« r the Boy Scouts; $300 to both the ' MCA and the YWCA. Those are imaginary figures, but •rthey illustrate what the Kansas §Power & IJght Co., and other pub- :-lic utilities have been doing for .years — making charitable contri- >butions and paying some of their -officers' civic club memberships, : then passing the costs on to their : customers. '"• The expenses are small potatoes — particularly in the multi-million 'dollar world of utilities such as : KP&L — and the staff members of "the Kansas Corporation Commission might seem to be nitpicking in arguing that such expenditures should be paid for by shareholders of the companies, not built into the rate bases and therefore paid by the customers. But there's an ethical point here, even if the costs amount to less than a penny a year per customer — as they probably do. That customer shouldn't be charged for a < donation not voluntarily made in his or her name. If he wants to contribute to the welfare of the YMCA, for instance, he can jolly well do it himself, without the "benevolent services" of a utility. Take the money It took the Sioux Indians 58 years to win a settlement in the case of the Black Hills which? were stolen from 'them — but it may take 58 more years to settle the settlement. This month, the U.S. Supreme Court awarded the Sioux $122 million for what the 7.3 million acres in the Black Hills were thought to be worth in 1877 when the land was taken by whites, and $105 million in interest. But the problem now is sorting out the settlement. \ There are eight more or less independently-governed Sioux tribes involved in the court suit. Before any money can be paid, all will have to agree on a plan for dividing and spending the award, and that agreement will have to be approved by several federal agencies. Also complicating the problem is the possibility that the Sioux may not take the money. Many of them, as they have for 103 years, want the land back., Our advice is to take the cash and let the land go. The Black Hills are still lovely but they're rapidly being ruined by "reptile gardens," tawdry gee-gaw shops, other tourist traps, and motorcycle gangs. By the time the Sioux got those hills back, they wouldn't want them. Heat is the issue , WASHINGTON (UPI) - In this •period between the Republican and democratic conventions, many, x many voters will be trying to decide which party can better deal with the number one issue of the day — the heat wave. Republicans, as is typical of a party Striving to regain power, are citing the torrid weather as one of the failings of the Carter administration. , "When Jimmy Carter took office, the average maximum summer temperature was seven degrees below what it is now," GOP leaders will tell you. "A vote for Ronald Reagan will be a vote to end the triple digit thermometer readings that much of the nation is experiencing." '.'.Carter campaign officials, for their part, insist the heat wave is the result Of a number of unusual conditions . Which the administration was powerless to prevent. -"Traditionally, the United States has depended on cool air from Canada to help make its summers bearable," one White House spokesman has pointed out. .-"This summer, for reasons of its Own, Canada isn't producing as many Cold fronts as it normally does. We have tried to make up the difference by bringing down more cool air from Alaska, but shortages persist." -Also contributing to the heat wave is the population increase.* *"A11 of those additional peoplje are generating body heat and imposing that much extra strain on the already _,. thin supply of cool air," the spokesman explained. • : Blame Congress Yet another problem' in the White House view is the reluctance of Congress to enact programs that could CITIZEN SMITH By Dick West make America more nearly self-sufficient in cool air. Among the pending proposals are a $16 billion shade tree project and a $6 billion research fund to finance ways of boosting the output of human sweat glands, thereby taking better advantage of the natural cooling effect of perspiration. The issue is particularly important in the Republican effort to woo blue collar votes away from the Democrats. Blue collar workers ordinarily are harder hit by soaring temperatures, being less likely than white collar workers to have jobs in air conditioned buildings. Nevertheless, a key Democratic strategist told me he was not at all pessimistic. "We are confident that under Carter's policies the current heat wave will peak out in August and level off in September," he said. "By October, there should be a substantial drop in temperature, which means the election in November will come at a time of generally mild, pleasant weather." Republicans, not surprisingly, disagree with that outlook. "The American people are fed up with seeing the temperature reach new record highs day after day," said a source close to the Reagan campaign. "And they are convinced that Carter's only answer is a long, hard winter." By Dave Gerard '. -.» FOREIGN RELATIONS 1 HEARING KOOM "I assure you, gentlemen, Pearl Habor has nothing to do with our imposing an import tax on Japanese autosl" EVERXTdlNO OK NOW? Letters to the Missouri's Eagleton is target WASHINGTON - The contest for control of the Senate this fall is one of constantly shifting battlegrounds and priorities. One of the new ones, and some surprise, is Missouri and the seat of Democratic Sen. Thomas Eagleton. Eagleton, who won his second term six years ago with 60 percent of the vote, had been considered among the safest of the safe Democrats, virtually unassailable. But now he has been targeted by the National Conservative Political Action Committee (NCPAC) for a major effort. The conservative group has budgeted 1300,000 to use against Eagleton, and executive director Terry Dolan says that "without question" they will be able to raise at least $200,000 of that. The basis of the new priority given to the seat is a test NCPAC made of a commercial in the Springfield, Mo., media market that brought Eagleton's "favorable" rating there down by 40 percentage points and his lead over Republican challenger Gene McNary to within striking distance — that is, about 10 points."The commercial depicted a mock Eagleton rally at which "supporters" were shown turning away from him as they learned of his support for the Panama Canal treaties and his opposition to such symbols of concern for national defense as the B-l bomber and the MX missile. Whether that same message will be as effective in Kansas City and St. Louis is, of course, an open question, but Dolan clearly is persuaded it is worth "a . serious effort. Meanwhile, NCPAC is paying less attention to the South Dakota campaign against Sen. George McGovern. The McGovern campaign interprets this as an indication NCPAC has been de- By Jack Germond and Jules Wticover terred by the legal action McGovern has started before the Federal Election Commission seeking to establish collusion between NCPAC and the Republican candidate, Jim Abdnor, rather than truly "independent" expenditures by the political action committee. McGovern a loser? But Dolan pictures it, instead, as a case of going where the need is. A new NCPAC opinion survey made by Arthur Finkelstein in South Dakota shows a 26-point lead for Abdnor. And Dolan says: "I'm absolutely convinced McGovern can't win. It's entirely Abdnor's to blow." * TV TV Speaking of South Dakota, it is one of the states where continuing tension between supporters of President Carter and Sen. Edward M. Kennedy is likely to be a factor at the Democratic National Convention in New York next month. Kennedy won the primary there and will have 10 delegates to nine for Carter, but the 10 won't include one leading light of the Kennedy campaign in the state, former Lt. Gov. Bill Dougherty, a longtime intimate of George McGovern. When the South Dakota Democrats met last month to name the last six statewide delegates, Carter supporters kept Dougherty off the list by complaining that he had failed to meet a Feb. 13 deadline for declaring that he wanted to be a delegate. The way it was done left some scars, however. According to some Kennedy sources, Dougherty was told through an intermediary that the Carterites wouldn't object to his leading the delegation if he agreed not to pressure the Carter delegates to vote with him on other questions at the convention. When he refused, they say, the Carter supporters refused in turn to overlook the technicality of the declaration form. * V * Everyone knows that Connecticut is, John B. Anderson's "best state" in the early reckoning on the election. Polls there show him leading both President Carter and Ronald Reagan. But Ander- son's popularity in the state is not an unmixed blessing. State officials ruled that to qualify. for the ballot, Anderson would have to act as a political party, even though he is running as an independent with no substructure. So his line on the ballot was designated for the "Anderson Coalition." But in Connecticut — and only there — this also meant there would be "Anderson Coalition" slots for lesser offices available to anyone who filed for them. The result has been a rush of at least 120 candidates for the legislature or Congress to qualify for the "Anderson Coalition" line in the obvious hope of pooling whatever vote they get there with that on their own major party line. This hasn't gone down well with the Anderson campaign because it obviously detracts from his image as an "independent" candidate and, more to the point, gives the impression of his sanction of candidates whom he doesn't even know, let alone approve. The result: Anderson's chief legal adviser, Mitchell Rogovin, is going to court to try to get those other lines declared off-limits to anyone. The graying of America What are the forces behind it? Let's not get I sidetracked H SIR: As election time grows near, candidates and their organizations grow tense as they try to assess just who their friends are and who are not. They begin to think Just what can be said to sway the voters' thinking about who to vote for. We've noticed this Jo be especially true in the First District Congressional race between Pat Rojjij- erts and Steve Pratt. - , • j- " Here we have two capable RepubU- cftris running for the same seat. Rob} «&, having worked for Congressman Keith Sebelius for 12 years, without {Station h*s the experience edge over Pratt. Pffttt's tetter has cut together a sncceMf*! busineis and Steve has grown tip in it and is respected. Roberts, knowing what It takes to wage ji good campaign, has personally visited each of the 56 counties in the district Pratt's strategy is to work in the popt*- lation centers and let the lesser populated counties take care of themselves with advertising. 'Being limited with personal and campaign funds, Roberts reported on his last campaign report spending less than $50,000. Pratt started out his campaign with $100,000 that he borrowed, based oh family wealth. The Pratt Oil Company, of which Steve is a partner, is said to be worth $25 million. ; ; : We all know the power of advertising, especially television. What w* read and hear in the media too often is accepted as gospel instead of sitting back and really considering leadership", ability to get things done, and expfc rience, not to mention the' candidate's character., > As we consider the candidate's loyalty to his district it is interesting to note from the latest campaign finance rer port that Roberts has received 581 con? tributions coining from each of the 5? counties and Pratt has received 159 contributions with all but 11 coming from Ellis County. This, of course; sheds some light on the popularity and work that has been done to date by each candidate in the district. ;; We recently beard a Pratt message criticizing Roberts for not residing in Kansas during the past 12 years while be worked in Washington, DC. Hope* fully, regardless of who is elected, that person's top assistant will be on the job in the Capital carrying out our requests and congressional duties, ft appears to me that a man who is a 4th generation Kansan, grew up in Horton, Kansas, graduated from Kansas State and served four years in the Marine Corps before going to work for a Kansas Senator and Kansas Congressman should have enough Kansas bloodjflow^ ing in his veins to qualify him to r)jpr£ sent us as a Kansas congressman from the First District. :: Let's not get sidetracked with political rhetoric and clever advertising a* we sort out the facts about which canr didate should represent us in Congress^ -MERLIN TAYLOR, Colby. ^ Omit religion • *~ of humanism < £ (First of four columns) What does it mean to the U.S. as a nation to have a population with a rapidly growing proportion of older people? What will it mean to the generations now middle-aged and younger who will be elderly as this century ends and a new one begins? By the year 2020 — only 40 years away — when you now in your 20s and 30s are 65 and older, one out of every five Americans will be in your age category. That compares with one of every nine currently 65 or over, and one of every 50 who managed age 65 in 1776. The great forces responsible? • The babies of the post-World War II , Baby Boom, who are now setting up families of their own, will be swelling the ranks of the elderly during the first quarter of the 21st century. • The vast improvement in life expectancy is adding to the number of 'the aged. Just in the past five years, (be life expectancy of a typical 65-year- old man has increased by about 10 months, according to a study by actuaries Stephen G. Peterson and Robert C. Toussaint with the employee benefit counseling firm of Buck Consultants, Inc. That typical 65-year-old man can now expect to live to age 80. And the eight-month addition to the life expectancy of the typical 6,5-year- old woman brings her to age 84. i There will be temporary dips in the upsurge, but by year 2030 our older ~ .population is expected to be over 61 million . :'__ , For a fairly prolonged span, the fertility rate among women of children- bearing age has not been high enough By Sylvia Porter to replace the population, so that somewhere between year 2005 and 201Q, the ratio of older people to those of working age (20 to 64) will jump. The doomsayers have touted the forecast that 50 years from now, there will be only two tax-paying workers per Social Security beneficiary, against 3.3 workers today. But that prediction rests on several assumptions that may or may not turn out: that the fertility rate will not rise above the rate necessary to replace the population, for instance; that the trend to earlier and earlier retirement will continue; that immigration will be held to/today's legal limit of 400,000 per year. But these comparisons reveal only part of the tale. The same assumptions that produce the higher ratios of older people to those of working ajge also result in a declining ratio of children to the working-age group as we enter the 21st century. The working-age population will not be bearing the support of more total dependents, even at the high point in the size of the aged population in the year 2035. The total dependency ratio in that year, notes Robert M. Ball of the Institute of Medicine, will be 84 dependents to each 100 workers, as against a ratio of 90 dependents to each f. 100 workers in 1970, and 95 to 100 work- . ers in '65. We'll be shifting resources formerly spent to raise children to building a better world for all. .' ' ^ The Americans with the biggest stake in how that world turns out are the generations now in their 20s, 30s and 40s who will be reaching retirement age in the next century. They also are the workers who until then will be bearing the burden of higher and higher SS taxes to help finance benefits for their elderly, and ultimately for themselves. Press reports -"• hinting at a young taxpayers' revolt are M>r confirmed by any of the polls. Want system sound A recent Louis Harris poll, for example, demonstrated that today's workers of all ages understand that Social Security is the underpinning of the nation's retirement plans and they do not want to see it compromised. By a 61-32 majority, they opposed any cut in • scheduled Social Security tax increases needed to keep SS soundly financed. .;.'' Earlier, a survey conducted for the National Commission on Social Seen-.; rity, an independent study group bet up by a congressional order, disclosed that 69 percent of young workers — .. whether in the 18-24 or 25-34 age groups — are willing to pay' increased Social '•' Security taxes and are against cuts in ' Social Security benefits. "Young people seem to be willing to ;, .shoulder the burden of providing ade- ; quate benefits to the elderly even if the > burden increases," concluded a 1978 survey of Young Americans' Social and Financial Attitudes, conducted for the American Council on Life Insurance. Tomorrow: The Graying of America: The Right To a Job. SIR: With the Federal Government putting so much money into education; and the new Department of Education^ it is important that the congressmen we send to Washington are aware of the importance of education V the; lives of our family. " r I listened to Jeff Harsh the ottier night and he said we need more fam.^ ily-oriented education in our schqolsr He said we should put more emphasis; on reading and writing and the basip education and leave, out the misguf dance of values clarification and,thf religion of humanism. This is the kind of man we need in Washington and f plan to vote for him. It is time our legislators realized that education is'topr important to foul up with all these hiK manism courses. — LAURA WII> LIAMSON, Pratt. £ Where to Sen. Robert pole ; 2213 Senate Office Building Washington, D.C. 20510 _••;'•. .."; ' a;-".*;*: •Sen. Nancy Kassebaum 304 Russell Senate Building Washington, D.C. 20510 '.,.,..,* w.-.-*, Rep. Keith G. Sebelius 1211 Longworth House Office Buildi g . Washington, D.C. 20515 Letters Wanted The Journal welcomes lettenrt&the- editor but does not promise to them. The briefer they are the"' chance they have.; All are ftt conderuation and editing. Wrifer's? name must be signed with full address-; for publication. Letters become Jhe", property of The Journal. ' t

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