The Perry County Times from New Bloomfield, Pennsylvania on December 31, 1942 · 2
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The Perry County Times from New Bloomfield, Pennsylvania · 2

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New Bloomfield, Pennsylvania
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Thursday, December 31, 1942
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PAGE TWO THE PERRY COUNTY TIMES, NEW BLOOMFIELD, PA. Thursday, December 31, 1942 WEEKLY NEWS ANALYSIS Break-Up of Rommel's Desert Forces Affects U. S.-British Drive in Tunisia; French Fleet Will Join Allies: Darlan; President Proclaims National Farm Day (EDITOR'S NOTE i When opinion! are expressed In theae eolumna, they are thoae of Western Newspaper Union's news analyata and not neeeasarily at Ibis newspaper.) Released by Western Lj-p r 'V.'-'V. o so too 200 Gulf of Papua- V jj PORT MQRSB Coral Sea Allied forces proceeded swiftly toward ousting the Japs completely from the Papua territory of New Guinea following the capture of the village of Buna. U. S. and Australian jungle fighters took the Jap base. Occupation of Buna followed closely the seizure of Gona. A communique from Allied headquarters in Australia told of slowly increasing pressure on the enemy. A captured Japanese artilleryman told intelligence officers of Emperor Hirohito's mandate that Jap forces hold the New Guinea beachhead to the last man. The communique did not mention the Mam-bare area, on the northeast coast, where Allied planes lashed out at Jap warships attempting to land more men. AFRICA: Darlan Speaks "I have announced that my sole purpose is to free France and then retire to private life." ' With those words Adm. Jean Darlan, high commissioner of French Africa, hoped to still the loud voice of criticism which had been leveled at him by the Fighting French, the British and certain American sources. He did not wholly succeed. The Fighting French wanted more than words from Admiral Darlan to assure them. The British and a comparatively few Americans remained skeptical. Darlan, in a statement of clarification, called for maximum military effort for the defeat of Germany and Italy and added that "this will be accomplished by the unity of all citizens, regardless of their political or religious opinions, in an orderly and cohesive fashion." Darlan also declared flatly that strong French fleet units at Dakar, Alexandria and North African ports would join the British and U. S. fleets. Those units included: three battleships, more than seven cruisers, approximately a score of submarines and several destroyers. Hit Tunis, Bizerte Concentrating on docks and airfields in Bizerte and Tunis, American and British bombers continued to carry out their day and night raids with thunderous accuracy. Tropical rains had brought land action to a minimum, with action limited largely to patrol sorties. It was evident that the Allies were willing to sacrifice forward positions to reduce losses pending an all-out offensive. Allied attacks on Axis airfields are damaging the efforts of the Luftwaffe ground staffs to maintain operations. It is reported that less than two-thirds of the total force are able to take to the air at any time. PRICE CONTROL: no Surprise Washington dopesters had announced it weeks before so there was little surprise throughout the nation when Leon Henderson resigned as director of the Office of Price Administration. Announcement of the resignation came from President Roosevelt who, in accepting it, praised Henderson and declared that "You have not spared yourself . . . and I appreciate your patriotic service." Henderson said that he was quitting because of a recurrent physical difficulty and a "rather bad" impairment of eyesight. The President asked him to keep the White House advised on his physical condition so that when he had recovered he could be recalled to government service in some other capacity. Because of his firmness in handling rationing affairs and because of his treatment of congress (without concern of political favor) Hen-'derson has been under fire for months. Early in December many Washington sources predicted he was resigning and had suggested that Sen. Prentiss M. Brown, Michigan Democrat, succeed him. Brown, defeated for his senate post in the last election, had previously piloted the price stabilization bill through congress. HIGHLIGHTS BESTIAL: With the governments of the other United Nations,, the United States joined in a condemnation of Germany's "bestial policy of cold - blooded extermination" of Jews. This action came after reports from Europe indicated that the Nazis were definitely proceeding with Hitler's oft-repeated intention to exterminate every Jew on that continent Newspaper Union. , FARM DAY: Vital Goals Tuesday, January 12, has been proclaimed by President Roosevelt as Farm Mobilization day. On this day meetings are to be held throughout the nation to determine ways and means "of ensuring for the year 1943 the maximum production of vital foods." Farmers are being asked on that day to gather with department of agriculture officials, extension service agents, vocational teachers, farm organizations and others concerned to discuss plans for meeting the high food production goals for the 1943 crop year. President Roosevelt praised the farmers for their production of record maximum harvests in the past three years and declared that every pound of food finds use in wartime. "Food," he said, "is no less a weapon than tanks, guns and planes. As the power of our enemies decreases, the importance of the food resources of the United Nations increases. With this thought in mind, we must further mobilize our resources for the production of food." LIBYA: Africa Corps Split Long pounded by the British eighth army, Field Marshal Rommel's Africa corps took new and heavy body blows when his fleeing Axis forces were neatly divided by Sir Bernard Montgomery's pursuing troops. In a sudden flanking movement advanced forces of the British army reached Wadi Matratin, 55 miles west of El Agheila on the Gulf of Sirte. From there, units of the Montgomery army sliced off to the south, cutting Rommel's army in two, one force continuing its westward flight, the other caught between the British main army and the British advanced units. Included in the enemy troops cut off were armored forces which, in desperate maneuvers to escape, suffered heavy casualties and "continued to be severely mauled," the Middle Eastern command communique stated. The main eighth army was shoving ahead, forcing its way through mine fields laid by the retreating Germans, eager to get at the trapped troops. MEAT QUOTA: Cut to 35 Ounces Upon orders from government food authorities, the per capita supply of meat for civilians has been reduced from the present limit of 40 ounces to 35 ounces a week during the first three months of 1943. The orders were issued by Price Administrator Leon Henderson on the recommendation of Secretary of Agriculture Claude Wickard, the new food chief. Civilian supplies of pork, veal, lamb and mutton were ordered cut approximately 13 per cent. Beef supplies will continue to be restricted at the present level. Restrictions are voluntary at present and consumers are being asked to limit themselves to 40 ounces a week until the first of the year, when the voluntary ration will be reduced by five ounces. Slaughterers who kill more than 500,000 pounds a quarter have been limited to 70 per cent of the 1941 level for beef, pork and veal, and to 75 per cent for lamb and mutton. in the week's news PREDICTION: Robert Taft, senator from Ohio, has issued a prediction that a move to "break up" the Reconstruction Finance corporation is on the way with the opening (January 4) of the new session of congress. DISTINGUISHED: Wendell Wffl-kie has been awarded a plaque as Indiana's most distinguished son of the year. RUSSIA: See-Saiv Battle In the see-saw battle of Russia the course of warfare appeared to favor once more the Red army as an official communique announced the capture of five additional strong points in the Rzhev sector on the central front. It told, too, of the repulse of a heavy Nazi counterattack in the area southwest of Stalingrad. In their counterdrive at Kotel-nikovski, 90 miles southwest of Stalingrad, the Axis armies attempted to throw back the flank of the Russian forces south of the Don river and break through the Russian trap. The attacks were led by tanks, dive bombers and motorized infantry. Red Star, Soviet army newspaper, said many Axis troops were slaughtered and the attacks were hurled back decisively. To the west of Stalingrad the Red army was said to be widening the broad barrier they had made between the Nazis on the banks of the Don and those trapped near Stalingrad. During the Russian drive on the central front, which took seven more villages, two battalions of German infantry were reported wiped out. A communique reported that near Vilikie Luki, Russian troops beat off a German attempt to break through the lines to help a surrounded Nazi garrison and destroyed Nazi equipment. SCHOOL BELLS: In Wartime America's system of higher education is headed for some profound and sweeping changes under plans now released by the army and navy to train youths between 17 and 22 for specialized military duties. Scheduled to begin in February the new setup for high school and college youths would be put into operation in several hundred colleges and universities throughout the nation. Students now in high school and college would fit into the program at the time they were called up for military training and virtually every youth over 17 in school would be affected. As outlined in joint army-navy statement made in Chicago the plan calls for these major developments: 1. Mobilization of a selected number of colleges and universities for training soldiers in military-directed courses. 2. Enlisted soldiers now having completed their basic training (or about to complete) will be selected, if qualified, for specialized training when the plan is first set in motion. 3. A cadet system will be organized for the selected colleges and military training will thus be given but it will be subordinated to academic instruction. 4. When soldiers complete any phase of the specialized training at these schools they will do one of four things: (a) be given further training in officer's candidate school (b) returned to the troops; (c) recommended for technical noncommissioned officers or (d) detailed for advanced technical training. Meanwhile the navy will be selecting high-school graduates or those with equivalent qualifications for induction as apprentice seamen or marine privates. Placed on active duty with pay these youths will attend designated schools. China's President 1 svk 'let t 1 , v The above photo of Lin Sen, 78-year-old president of China, is the first photo ever sent from Chungking, China, to Los Angeles, over a new radiophoto service. The Chinese characters read: "To President Roosevelt, from Lin Sen." U. S. GOAL: Double Axis Output The War Production board's goal for 1943 calls for a production rate by the end of the year estimated to be twice as great as that of the Axis nations. More than $90,000,-000,000 worth of American weapons will be manufactured in 1943. U. S. war production in 1942 equals that of all the Axis countries, the WPB reported. The United Nations are out-producing the Axis almost two to one at present. 'VICTORY': By the Government "Victory," a picture magazine designed for free distribution in foreign countries, will be published by the government, the Office of War Information has announced. The propaganda magazine will be published every two months in several languages, but will not be distributed within the United States. Advertising revenue will go to defray, the cost of publication; officials said. Definite Show-Down Likely On Offensive Against Japan Chinese Feel That Success of Madame Chiang Kai-shek's Mission to United States Will Determine Future of Their Country. By BAUKHAGE News Analyst and Commentator. WNU Service, 1343 H Street, N.W., Washington, D. C. In a hospital in an American city one of the great women of the world is lying under treatment for serious but not critical trouble. The doctors have said assuringly that the trouble is not dangerous, that Madame Chiang Kai-shek will soon be well. Several million Chinese are waiting anxiously for her recovery. Although the matter has not been formally discussed as yet, it can safely be predicted that when Madame Chiang Kai-shek recovers and she takes the house she has rented in Washington, her mission will not be secret-long. According to hints dropped in reliable quarters, this mission is to obtain a definite showdown on immediate aid to China in the form of an all-out Allied offensive against Japan. The offensive must be made up of a shuddering and shattering air attack on the heart of the Nipponese empire on Tokyo, on Yokohama, on harbors and cities, on factories and templed hills. At the same time a huge Chinese army, well equipped with supplies from America and India, must be ready to advance for invasion. It is explained that Japan is preparing for a knockout blow against China. Its objective is not to control the whole of Chinese territory, but to strike northward from Thailand and Burma; to take Chungking and isolate the Chinese armies which are not destroyed; or permanently to cut these armies off from all aid from the Allies by blocking off the approach from the Indian border, along the frontiers of Burma and Thailand and the eastern coast, which they already hold. The Japanese would also encourage and aid the formation of a large communist state in China in order to further add to the confusion of the political situation which the invasion would serve to bring about. This the Chinese believe Japan could do unless aid from the Allies comes first. Military observers here agree that it would not be impossible for Japan to accomplish this. As nearly as I am able to gauge opinion here, the course that the United Nations strategy will probably follow is this: A real offensive against Japan by the spring at least ; the strong probability of another front to be opened somewhere else before then. The United States has a million men in its armed forces outside the borders of the United States now. It will have more before long. Russia's Role In War and Peace Recently I heard an American who had spent a long time in Russia and not long since returned to America give a vest-pocket version of Russia's role in the war and her possible role in the post-war settlements. It may be a picture colored over-brightly with the tints of wishful thought, but I present it for what it is worth. The Russians will not quit until the last dog (their version of the invader) is hung. After the peace they will co-operate in establishing the kind of a peace which the United States would like to see established. Several reasons afe offered as to why many experts utterly misjudged the power of the Red armies. One explanation is that the offensive strength of the Germans was over-estimated. The next explanation is that the Russian, traditionally, will fight an invader with fatalistic fury, provided he is armed. Although both of these statements are accepted as sound, another explanation is offered. It has to do with the reason why the Russian army was able to put up its remarkable resistance and develop a powerful striking power how the "traditional" fury was stimulated. This is my informant's interpretation, a part of which is not new, but which offers the basis of his prediction as to the future conduct of Russia. He says that under the present regime, especially since the various long-time plans under Stalin have been inaugurated, the younger Russian generation, deprived of the church, has sought an outlet for a human being's natural desire for BRIEFS . Members of the United States armed forces and persons sending money to them received a 50 per cent reduction in domestic telegraph money order rates effective December 1, 1942. Average annual loss of eggs through careless handling amounts to 4 to 5 per cent of entire production. NEW YEAR'S RESOLUTIONS OF A COLUMNIST-COMMENTATOR I will try to write and talk as much like a human being, as possible. I won't use any words on paper or on the air I don't use on the street car and I will be sure I know what the words I do use mean. I will not talk or write down to my audience or up to my news sources. I will swallow my snorts and coughs and wheezes until I can signal the engineer to cut off the mike. I will try to keep personal prejudices out of my manuscript if I can't always keep it out of my voice. I will not threaten to murder the people who write in and accuse me of saying the opposite of what I did say. I will read all my mail and answer it in person if a stamp is enclosed, or on the air, or, if there is no other way, in spirit. I will be grateful for the two miraculous inventions, the printing press and the radio, which permit me to have my say without ' being interrupted or talked back to. hope and faith. Stalin was able to create a faith in his regime, not so much in the theory of communism, but in the government which had shorn off considerable socialistic attributes and borrowed where it had to from capitalism. And the various plans had awakened a hope in the people that this regime would give them a lot of the things that they began to find out other nations had. They were, therefore, fighting to realize the hope that they would get the things which the regime, in which they had faith, had promised them and a part of which they had already realized. Now comes the next step. There has grown up, with the blessing of the Stalin regime, a great respect for many things about America as a country with whose help the Russian can obtain the things which he hopes for and which he knows the Americans possess. Therefore, Russia's aim is to help the Allies win the war and also help with the peace with the expectancy that in return America will help Russia to realize its hopes. That is the way my informant tells the story and, I might add, that is the way America "hopes" history will one day record it. Questionnaires The other day I was sitting beside a man who has a great deal to do with whether you and I will be running our automobiles next year. Somebody asked him what he thought about these questionnaires which farmers who want gasoline or tires have to fill out. This gentleman paused quite awhile. "I can't tell you what I think of them," he replied sadly, "while there are ladies present." I would like to tell you that man's name, but it was a strictly private gathering. In any case, I hope it will show you that all Washington officials are not bureaucrats and since this man is a man of action, you can count on his help to carry out some of the recommendations of the Truman committee on gasoline and fuel rationing. "The farmer with a small truck operating 12 hours a day," says an informal report of the committee, "working 12 hours a day to keep body and soul together and to contribute in some small measure to the war effort finds himself suddenly obliged to digest a 32-page pamphlet of instructions and fill out an elaborate questionnaire requiring detailed data on activities long past from entirely nonexistent records." This is the thing Washington is now fighting against. All that is needed is to get someone who is "familiar with the problem of the small farmer and truck operator" to make up the questions. And that is the prescription that will have to be applied in the writing of all questionnaires in the future. Perhaps it will be. . . by Baukhage Married nurses are now eligible for active duty with the army. If you are a graduate, registered nurse, between 21 and 40, you can enroll, with the Red Cross today! The first USO club in America for the exclusive use of all servicewom-en of the United Nations has been opened by the Metropolitan Detroit USO at the Downtown YMCA. Curtains, Drapes to Brighten Your Home fURTAINS and draperiesthe quickest way of transforming a room! Make your own from these clear directions and have your choice of valance, swag, varied draping and arrangement. Pattern 443 contains detailed directions-for making curtains and drapes in a variety of styles. Send your order to: Sewing Circle Needlecraft Dept. 82 Eighth Ave. New York Enclose 15 cents (plus one cent to cover cost of mailing) for Pattern No Name Address How To Relieve Bronchitis Creomulsion relieves promptly because it goes right to the seat of the trouble to help loosen and expel germ laden phlegm, and aid nature to soothe and heal raw, tender, inflamed bronchial mucous membranes. Tell your druggist to sell you a bottle of Creomulsion with the understanding you must like the way It quickly allays the cough or you are to have your money back. CREOMULSION for Couzhs, Chest Colds, Bronchitis Youth and Old Age Youth lives in the future. Old age in the past. What old age has is something real. MSMS' Superficial Cxternally Leu sea RELIEVE the stinging itch allay irritation, and thus quicken healing Begin to use soothing Itesinol today. Great Small Great men never feel grpst; small men never feel small. Chinese Proverb. -COLD Vie at fint sign of 556 at, TABLETS. SALVE. NOSE DROPS, COUGH DROPS. Try "Rub-My-Tism" a Wonderful Liniment PUT HOUSEHOLD BUDGETS TO WAR WORK HOARD YOUR PENNIES TO BUY WAR riuiMir STAMPS WNU 4 5242 For You To Feel Well 24 hoars every day. 7 days every week, never stopping, the kidneys filter wmste matter from the blood If more people were aware of how the kidneys must constantly remove surplus fluid, excess acids and other waste matter that cannot stay in the blood without injury to health, there would be better understanding of way tba whole system la upset when kidneys fail to function properly. Burning, scanty or too frequent urination sometimes warns that something is wrong. You may suffer nagging backache, headaches, dizziness, rheumatie pains, getting up at nights, swelling. Why not try Doan'a PxUtl You wfB be using a medicine recommended the country over. Doan'a stimulate the function of the kidneys and help them to flush out poisonous waste from the blood. They contain nothing harmful. Get Doan't today. Use with confidence. At all drug stores. V t

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