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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPIR OT NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. XLIX—NO. 64 Blythevlll* Dally Newi Blytheville Herald BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, SATURDAY, MAY 23, 1953 EIGHT PAGES SINGLE COPIE8 OBOTj HOOD THREATENS RESIDENTIAL SECTION — As flood water of the Galcasieu River continued to rise at Lake Charles, La., residents of tb.ii fashionable section of the city put sandbags around their homes In an effort to keep the water out of the houses. In some spots the water is waist deep. Move than 1,250 families have been driven from their homes as a result of five days of tornadoes and violent rainstorms that poured nearly 12 inches of water on the state. (AP Wire- photo. Louisiana Flood Picture Worsens Dynamiting of Historic Highway To Ease Flooded Area Pondered LAKE CHARLES, La. (AP) — Engineers will decide today whether to dynamite a historic highway to relieve the multi-million dollar flood in this Southwest 'Louisiana port city and in neighboring Orange, Texas. The two cities are connected by . . 16.9PerCenfCuf In Flood Control Funds Suggested House Committee Recommends Slash Of $163,022,500 WASHINGTON l/fl — The House Appropriations Committee today recommended a 16.9 per Cent slash U. S. Highway 90 built atop a 35- mile land fill which is acting as a dam against pent up flood waters. The flooding Calcasieu River has inundated a third of Lake Charles and the flooding Sabine River has threatened Orange. Louisiana Gov. Robert Kennon flew over the stricken area yestar- day and said afterward the decision to dynamite would be left up to engineers who are making an on-the-spot survey today. However, Texas Civil Defense Coordinator William Lawrence said the plan'to dynamite the highway In Texas had been abandoned. The situation appeared a little easier at Orange, Tex., an industrial city of 30,000 some 35 miles southwest of here on Highway 90, which had been threatened by the rising waters of the Sabine River between the two states. Fight Continues The bedraggled, muddy army of 10,000 that has been fighting' for three days and nights to keep the flood waters out of their homes, Jobs and businesses didn't let up their efforts, however. They continued to build up the sandbag . , dikes while beginning to hope that ! of ast Januar S' what was feared would be Orange's j worst flood would not be so bad. | Meanwhile, Weatherman Paul tiori on lhe scores of local water More Paul Reveres Needed, Lehman Says WASHINGTON (AP) — Sen. Lehman (D-Llb NY.), keynotlng the Americans for Democratic Action convention, said today the nation's liberals need "thousands of Paul Reveres" to arouse the country against i spreading "spirit of fear." "Lake Charles will Just have to eil here four or five more days with this flood at or near its peak." He said an immense amount of southward flowing water was still piled up in miles of swamplands north of the city. The waters crested at 8 76 feet 5.78 feet above flood stage—at the Lake Charles docks here They were moving slowly almost within river banks through the city and pushing out into wild marshlands to the south. A one-mile wide belt of the city projects throughout the country constituted the major part of appropriations recommended to finance the civil functions of the Army for (he coming year. S202 HO.e.flO Cut For all these functions, including such things as maintenance of national cemeteries and operation of the Panama Canal, the Engineers were allowed a total of $415,991,600 —a reduction of $168,075,000 under current 195? funds. Money in the bill for flood control and navigation represents a cut --- ........ ., of 8262,640,000 from the budget rec- and business district bordering the jommendations of former President river were safe on high ground. j Truman and a reduction of $80.- After Cook predicted the Sabine 1606,000 from the revised budget crest at Orange would be only eight ; estimates of Eisenhower last April and one-half to nine feel, flood ;20. fighters there said they were "very Last year Congress voled $561, hopeful that the battle against the 906,000 for Hood control and navi- rlver will be won." Meanwhile, the j gallon projects. UAW Eyes Ford, Chrysler After GM Raises Pay Firms Will Be Asked To Alter Contracts To Grant Increases DETROIT Wl—The CIO United Auto Workers turned the heat on the remainder of the auto industry's big three today to gain the same wage concessions it got from eneral Motors Corp. yesterday. Walter P. Reuther, president of the CIO and the UAW, already had said Chrysler and Ford would be asked to alter their five-year, wage contracts if General Motors did. GM historically has been the contract pattern-setter. After GM agreed to alter its contract—which it legally could lave refused to do until mid-1955— Reuther remarked; "I hope other companies will catch on to the idea real quick." The concessions granted by GM raised the average wage of GM's 150,000 employes across the coun- ry to $2.05 hourly. About 100,000 other UAW mem- 3ers are employed by other auto nakers and major suppliers. Shortly after the GM-UAW agreement was announced, James B. :arcy, president of the CIO Eiec- rical Workers, announced GM had iven 40,000 members of his union imllar concessions. Increase Made Permanent Under the contract, General lotors agreed: 1. To make permanent 19 of the 4 cents hourly that its hourly-rated mployes have gained through in- reases because of the cost-of- ving escalator clause in their ontract. < v-'. -"• * 2. To raise from four to five ents annually the hourly increase ranted under the contract'^ "an- ual improvement factor." (This is esigned to compensate for cheap- technological ways of doing /ays of doing things—labor-saving evices.) 3. To raise 40,000 skilled employes flat 10 cents hourly June 1 "in ecognition of the inequities that have developed because of the Korean conflict, as between skilled trades workers employed by the jobbing shops." To Accept New Formula 4. To accept a new cost-of-living formula by which wages are hitched tc the government's new index of the cost of living. It was the government's decision to abandon the old cost-of-living index that brought about reopening of the contracts. They specifically were tied to the old index of the Bureau of Labor Statistics until 1955. The BLS announced months prior that it would switch to the new index, dropping the old, this year. President Eisenhower ordered the old continued until June. The new contract will make both "The name which has been given to this present danger is McCarthyism," Lehman said in an address prepared for the ADA'S sixth annual convention.. "But I wish to make it clear that I do not consider any one man to be the sole source of this danger. It is far deeper than that. . . . Unless we understand the breadth and extent of this tide, and move to control It, it will inundate us." The New Yorker also declared the time has come when President Eisenhower's administration must choose between "appeasing the ir- responsibles at home and breaking up the unity of free men abroad." "The issue," he continued, "is not between Britain and the United States, but between McCarthyism and America's role of leadership in the free world. The two are inconsistent. To attempt to reconcile them is to invite disaster." Referred to Hot Words Lehman obviously was referring to'iiot words swapped recently by members of .Congress and the British Labor party leader Clement Attlee. Attlee said some elements in the U. S. do not want peace in Korea and It was hard to tell, he said, whether Eisenhower or McCarthy had more power in U. S. foreign policy. McCarthy called Attlee a "pygmy" who had made a "cheap, uncalled-for, fantastic attack" upon the U. S. President and people. McCarthy, undergoing a physical checkup at the Navy medical center in Bethesda, Md., has had no comment on attacks by other ADA lenders yesterday against what they called "McCarthy rnad- Harrison Ready to Hand Reds 'Showdown' Armistice Plan Inside Today's Courier News . . . Experts say Brooklyn shows signs of decay . . . Cardinals beat Cincinnati again , t . Sports Page 5 ... . . . . Society news . . . Page 2 ... . . . Elizabeth the Queen . . . .*>.- • V ., ",.y #,&, f. One MIG Bagged, One Damaged in Korean Fighting ROKs Kill or Wound 300 Reds in Savage Hand-to-Hand Battle By FORREST EDWARDS SEOUL (AP)— U.S. Sabre jets destroyed one Communist MIG and damaged another today as Allied and Red pilots tangled high over North Korea for the first time since Monday. Tough South Korean Infantrymen killed or wounded more than 300 Chinese Reds in small-scale but savage hand-to-hand fighting along the rain-soaked battlefront. Scores of Allied fighters and bombers streaked over North Korea as skies cleared after two days of wind and rain. Today's MIG kill was credited to Maj. Vermont Garrison of Mt. Victory, Ky., who scored with two bursts of gunfire in a brief aerial duel 40,000 feet over Suiho Dam just south of the Manchurian border, the Air Force said. Lt. Col. George I. Ruddell of Eugene, Ore., damaged a MIG in another scrap, the Air Force said. Reds Held On In Eastern Korea South Korean Infantrymen charged five times against dug-in Chinese who late Friday seized one end of Outpost Victory. But at nightfall, after 24 hours of bitter close quarter fighting, the 150 to 200 Chinese still held the western end of the ridge, the Eighth Army said. The Reds grabbed part of the elongated outpost two days ago, but were thrown off the same day. See WAR Page 8 in funds requested by President Elsenhower for rivers and harbors, and flood control projects of the Army Engineers in the fiscal year beginning July 1. The lotal of S39S.884.100 recommended is a reduction of 5163,022,500 under the current year's appropriations, and is 39.6 per cent corporation and those employed in below the budget recommendation: President Truman. The funds for general construe- Sparkman Sees Truce If Communist Want it By JACK BELL WASHINGTON (AP) — Sen. Sparkman (D-Ala.) said today that negotiators are "very near" a truce in Korea — if the Communists actually want an armistice. ~~ * Sparkman, a member of the Senate Foreign Relations Far Eastern subcommittee and a former United Nations delegate, said in an interview he believes negotiations have reached the "breaking point" In Korea. "If the Communists want a truce, we are very near to it and we can LOCALE OF SCHEDULED CONFAB — Typical of the semi-tropical islands of Bermuda, whore the Big Three leaders are scheduled to meet on June 17, is this air view of government buildings in the capital city of Hamilton. In center, with landmark church spire, Is Sessions House, seat of Bermuda's parliament. President Eisenhower, Prime Minister Churchill and the French premier will meet on the island, off the United States Atlantic coast, to thresh out allied problems. (AP Wirephoto) More ypassData The Chamber of Commerce Highway and Traffic Committee wants more information on the Arkansas Highway Department's plans to around Blytheville. At a meeting In the C. of C. office in City Hall yesterday afternoon, the committee deccided to invite Herbert Eldridre, sfale hi?hivav bypass U. S. Highway 61 completely of .opinions. The Chamber of Commerce said its only previous contact with the Highway Department concerning director, to meet with the group here . Highway 61 was a resolution urging "at his earliest convenience." j that It be relocated away from the As of now, the committees felt it did not have enough Information on the proposed project to reach a decision on what recommendations to make. Even if the Information were available, the committee couldn't 'each a decision in a single session, Manila Boy Buddy Henry, 14, Victim of Swift Water in Buffalo A 14-year-old Manila Junior High Toler Buchanan, chairman, said. Relocation of thc highway involves loo many related problems nd differences of opinions to be j decided quickly, he said. In addition to thc commltlpe members, about 25 interested persons attended yesterday's sessions. Opinions Differ These persons represented all sections of thc city that would be affected by relocating thc highway,. and brought with them a divergence et it," the Alabama senator declared. "Of course, no one really knows whether the Communists really want an armistice or whether they are just stalling again." He said he feels, however, that School student drowned while swim- i if the newest Allied offer now being ming in Buffalo Ditch about three \ whipped into final form is rejected river had already gone into some 200 homes. In Lake Charles, Sheriff H. A. See FLOOD Page 8 In its report to Congress the jcommittee said that while its bill contains no money for several See FLOOD CONTROL Page 8 Siamese Twins, 41, in Excellent Condition After Surgery on One BOSTON tff>—A 41-year-old Siamese twin, Margaret Gibb, underwent major abdominal surgery for removal of a fiberous tumor today in a case new in the annals of medicine. Margaret and her sister, Mary, who also was anesthetized, were reported in excellent condition after the two hour operation performed at New England Deacon- ness Hospital by Dr. prank Lahey, head of the Lahey Clinic. The surgeon refused to discuss exact nature of the operation but did say he found no evidence of malignancy. He also said the operation marked the first time that major internal surgery had been performed on a Siamese twin over 40 years of age. The sisters, from Holyoke, Mass., are joined at the base of the spine, and have, In effect, a common circulatory system. They entered the hospital Wednesday and nurses said they Dr. Lahy quoted Mary as saying that her "only concern was for Margaret." With them at the .hospital are their mother, Mrs. John R. Glbb and a sister, Mrs. Roy Havens, 31. Their father died two years ago. A special operating arrangement —t\vo tip-type operating tables moving both up and down and sideways—was used. A special mattress covered the metal extensions between the tables. The mattress, used when the Glbb sisters were patients at the hospital in 1946, was brought out of a storeroom for them. Born in Holyoke on May 20, 1912, to a Scottish-born mill operative's wife, Mrs. John R. Qibb, they appeared for many years on the stage. In recent years they have operated a shop In Holyoke. On two former occasions their parents and doctors decided against an attempt to separate them by were cheerful and cnlm as thy Imirjrnry—In i!)!5 and 192S. It was underwent testa in preparation for!decided both times that such an th* QfMritlMk locution would be unuf*. the new and old indexes inoperative until the cost-of-living is announced n September for the quarter ending July 15. While U got major congessions, the UAW did not gain its full demands, including a hike in pensions. miles west of Manila yesterday. The lad was identified as Buddy by the Reds, the negotiations will be broken off quickly by the U.N. Watson Henry, son of George Henry whaul hn and Mrs. Ollie Rogers Williams. j As the negotiations stand, there The body was recovered about j Is only one issue at stake—the fate three hours after the accident only!of 48,000 Communist prisoners who a few feet from where the boy went i have said they don't want to go down, Sheriff William Berryman; back under Red domination. I Commission Suggested A swimmmg companion, Norman, The Communlsts have sugBe , ted Masters, said the boy. who was orig- glv | n g custody of these prisoners inally identmed as Buddy Rogers, appeared to tire while swimming back to the bank and went under. He was reported to be a good swimmer. The boys had been diving from the bridge on state Highway 77 Into the drainage ditch which is high and swift due to recent rains, Sheriff Berryman said. Eighth Grader A student in the eighth grade at Manila, the boy had been raised from a young age by his uncle, Robert Rogers, of the Harry Wright farm west of Manila. Confusion concerning the youth's name apparently stemmed from this fact. Efforts to revive the boy by arti- to a five nation commission made up of Switzerland, Sweden, India, Poland and Czechoslovakia, but there has been disagreement over vital details of this proposal. Neither Sparkman nor any of the See SPARKMAN Page 8 ,,„ 'a is Kec Osccola today was cited by the national Safety Council for having ac'hievi-d its .second consecutive year free of traffic deaths. It was one of 11 Arkansas towns and cities to win a place on the Council's Honor Roll of the National Traffic .Safety Contest for having no tniflic- deaths in lOS'^. A similar dt.nuon was won by Osraola last var for having completed 1951 wiihout. a traffic death The citation w;is for cities in the 5,000-to-10,000 population bracck- et. The other Arkansas municipalities to receive; eiiiuions for their 1952 safety record-.; are Batesville, Contvny, Forrest City, Harr'son, Magnolia. Mnlvern, Stuttgart, Van Buren, Warren und West Helena. schools on Chickasawba Avenue. "We are highly interested in working with the Highway Department on this," Mr. Buchnan said. "The main thing is to get It (Highway Gl) away from the schools." Information received to date from the Highway Department indicates that plans call for rerouting Highway 61 so that it passes from the .stfite line past Blytheville about a half mile east and then rejoins thc prrr'iit highway at about Dogwood Talks to Resume Monday After an Eight-Day Break Last Chance Ultimatum To Be Issued by U.N., Official Sources Say By ROBERT EUNSON TOKYO (AP) — Lt.-Gen. William K. Harrison is ready to return to the Panmunjom truce table with what high U.N. Command sources today called a showdown Korean armistice plan. The sources said the chief Allied negotiator will issue a "last chance" ultimatum to the Reds when the talks resume Monday after an eight-day break. Harrison is expected to leave Tokyo soon with a revised U. N. plan to settle the bitter controversy over exchanging prisoners of war. In Washington, some members of Congress who talked with Acting Secretary of State Walter Bedell Smith about the peace parleys said hey expected no major change In U. S. policies. Sen. Sparkman (D-AIa), who at- ended the Washington session, Bald negotiators were "very near" a ruce—if the Reds really want one. Sparkman, a member of the ienate Foreign Relations Par Eastern subcommittee, said he felt that f the projected Allied offer is re- ecled, the U. N. will break off legotiations Immediately. Daily Conferences Harrison has been in Tokyo a vcek, holding almost dally conferences with Gen. Mark W. Clark .nil Ambassador Robert Murphy, lolltlcal adviser to the Par East :ommander. "We do not intend to let these alks merely drag on," a high ource at Clark's headquarters aid. The O. N. has suggested that Its 4,000 North Korean prisoners who ave renounced Communism should e released in South Korea after an rmistice. The Communists want to turn the lorth Koreans, and 14,500 reluctant hinese, over to a repatriation ommission of neutral nations for isposal. The U. N. agreed to turn the Chinese over to a commission, but not the North Koreans. Blytheville Youth to Represent State in CAP Cadet Exchange Teaching Profession 3s One of Most Vital in U.S., Reid tells Negro FacySty NEW SAFEWAY MANAGER— Milton Howard will become manager of Blytheville's Safe.way Store Monday, succeeding Jack Jordan, who will be manager ol the chain's Jonesboro store. Mr. Howard has been associated with Safeway Stores for more than 16 years. A native of, Pin«'Bluff, he has been zone traininfj instructor in Little Rock for the past year. He is a World War II veteran and a member of the Baptist Church. Mr. Howard nnd Ills wife will make their home at 111 Missouri. Attorney Max B. Reid, president of the Blytheville School Board, last night told teachers of Blythe- vllle's Negro schools that the teach- SpeakinK at the Kiwanls Club's ficial respiration were made tor an i Teacher Appreciation Week dinner hour-and-a-half, the Sheriff !aid. i for Negro teachers In the Harrison The body was brought to the sur- HiBh Scn00 ' home economics build- face by an unidentified Mexican I'"*• Mr 1 eld pralsed the work he from the Harry Wright place after' lnft y scht)o1 teachers today It had been located with a cole he ! ' 1 " d at lhe 5ame tlme * nve thc Kl " --•-• ' ' wanis Club a pat on the back for said. Ten or people gathered for the search under the '« direction bff.Mr. Wright, ' " .„,,„, . . , . originating the Idea of Teacher Ap- 15 boats and about 1001 nrp M n t.t nn w«.fc Funeral servlcerfor thi boy were to be conducted at 3' p.m. tod»y at Church of Christ ,ln M«nll».sBor- lal was to be In Manila CeiMtory with Howard Funeral Horn* ol Lenchvllle In charge, In addition to his moHier andd (other he U survived by two half- preclatlon Week. "We are all dependent upon one another, the farmer, the business man, the manufacturer and the common laborer." Mr Reid told the teachers. "But hy far, most depend upon you of ths teaching profession. "You are making Imprints on the minds of those who nrn your pupils. Ynu are dedicated to a service". Mr. Reid touched briefly upon the r«pM irawtk ot N«ero tducatloo ID Blytheville saying: "Under tin- lash of a federal court, schools of the country are being forerd to increase the pay level of Newo !ene,hors to that of whites, but si>: vcars ago here In Rowland Mitchell Weather A cadet In the Blytheville Civil Air Patrol Squadron has been selected to represent the State of Arkansas in the 1953 International Cadet Exchange Program. He is Rowland LeBoy Mitchell, 17-year-old son of Mr, and Mrs. O M. Mitchell of Half Moon. As a member of the cadet exchange group, he will spend three weeks in Canada this summer. The exchange cadets are scheduled to report to Andrews Air Force Base, Washington, D. C., July 19. They will leave for Canada July 23 and return Aug. 16. Notification of Cadet Mitchell's selection was received this morning by Capt. Percy A. Wright, commanding officer of the Blytheville CAP squadron, from Maj. Gen. Lucas V. Beau, USAF, national CAP commander. Cadet Mitchell, who has been an active member of the Blytheville squadron for two and one.halt years, was selected from among three ca- .jdets nominated by the state CAP wing to represent Arkansas in the exchange program.. Cadet Mitchell will be graduated from Blytheville High School Friday. ARKANSAS—Partly cloudy this j afternoon, tonight and Sunday; widely scattered thundershowers, mostly in north portion this afternoon and tonight; not so warm extreme north portion this afternoon. MISSOURI — Mostly cloudy this Blytheville Ncaro teachers were afternoon, tonight and "Sunday with placed on DIP smni! pay scale as I thundershowers south and central whites by voluntary arlinn of the portions this afternoon and tonlclit Blytheville School Board." Mr. Reid was introduced by Fred ( .. ^ Sandefur, uhn snrvrd ns master of i storms with strong glis'tv winds "and ceremonies tor thr event, Other speakers on the program were Ed Tune, prt'-iden.t of the Blytheville Kiwanls Club: Leo D. Jeffers, principal of Harrison High School; Bessie P. Iw, a member of the faculty of ihr H.-irrisnn system since 1S124: and Odl Partcp, n Harrison Hi:* s-'chnol sr.itluate who is now a deputy ;;tatr attorney for Cook County, III. Forty-five t<':idicrs and Klwani- nns attended thc dinner that served a klckott.tnr the otKcmmcp of j Teacher Appreciation Week, which It icheclulcd to run through May 29,' Manila Phone Rates Going Up Telephone rates in Lcachvllle and Manila will go up from 25 cents to and southeast and extreme south Sunday; locally heavy thunder-' 51.25 a month June on the basis of a possible hall south portion this afternoon and tonight; little change In temperature; low 50 north to 55 south; high Sunday 70 northeast to 80 northwest. Minimum this morning—73 Maximum yesterday—88. Smirliitr tomorrow—4-52 Kimsct today—7:01. Preclp. 24' hours to 7 a.m.—none. Mean temperature (mldwny ber-ween hlRh and low!—B1.5. Normnl and mcnn for Miw—70 2 Prcclp. .Inn. 1 rtnto—2i).M. Tills Date. I,nsl Yvat Minimum this rnornlnK—63 Maximum yesterday—no. Proclp. Jan, 1 d*U— &.U, $15,000 bond posted hy Arkansas Associated Telephone Co. with th« Public Service Commission. The PSC yesterday approved the bond, which enables the company to increase its rate pending final approval. The bond guarantees refunds to customers if the rate increases are not approved. Increases totaling $25,000 a year are sought in six other towns served by Arkansas Associated, which has its headquarters In Warrensburg, Mo. These are Caraway. Clarendon, Holly Grove, Lak« City, MonetU and Tuckernwa.