The Austin American from Austin, Texas on December 8, 1941 · 1
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The Austin American from Austin, Texas · 1

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Austin, Texas
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Monday, December 8, 1941
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1
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The Weather Today's Index s Austin snj Ttcinitj Cloudy Mondsj. East 1 rim Considerable cloudiness Monday; Taesday parti; cloudy, not msch chance in temperature. Moderate northerly winds on the eossU. West Texas Clearin Monday. Toeaday fair. Cclder Pet Rio-Eaile Pass area Monday. J -:i"" Rsv YANKEE VVARBIRDS like these lined up on bomb-struck Hick-am field near the United State's vast Pearl Harbor naval base in the Hawaiian islands are expected to take the fight to the Japs Give U. S. No Warning Governor Blasts Japs, Calls For V Chief Promises Texas To Go Limit for Aid In Nation's Defense Denouncing the "cowardly" Japanese attack on the United States. Gov Coke R. Stevenson declared Sunday the time had come for this nation to lay aside differences and unite. "Now is the time when all the Whee!ers and Lindbergh's in the United States ought to lay aside differences put their shoulders to the wheel and support the presi-oent," Gov Stever.son said, f ull Effort Fromised "Texas will go the limit in defense of cur country." "All r'ght-thinkmg people will resent this cowardly attack." The governor had just returned from a trip to San Antonio. He heard th? news of the Japanese attack en ioute to Austin. He said he saw no need at this tmi for a special session of the legislature, but would call one promptly if a need developed. The stete government would keep in ciost touch with Washington and coordinate its actions with those of the national government, he asserted During the World War, several (Continued on Page 9, Col. 4) 14 SHOPPING DAYS to Christmas T M Also GIVE U.S.Defense Savings BONDS and STAMPS 4 at STORES BANKS POST OFFICES 1H mw ML Corpus Christi Air Base To Go On Wartime Schedule Today CORFUS CHRiSTI, Dec. 7. UP) The world's largest naval air training station will "probably go on a wartirm schedule at 3 a. m. (CST) vlooday- Capt. Alva D. Bernhard, com manding off'cer of the station here, announced the probable action and added. e have been virtually on that oasis all along. "We will post more guards and j stills Momentarily Stunned by Strife's Outbreak in Pacific, Americans Rally Quickly for War Effort By the Associated Press Like a momentarily stunned giant, the nation awakened Sunday night to the grim fact of war in the Pacific and Americans cf all classes and ranks responded immediately to the necessity oi repelling attacks on the far Nye Says U.S. Provoked Japs PITTSBURGH, Dec. 7. (UP) Sen. Gerald P. Nye (R-N.D.) Sunday night accused the United States of "doing its utmost to provoke a quarrel wi'h Japan" and asserted that "if we were bluffing, our hand has been called" by Nippon's attack in the Pacific. In his second speaking appearance of the day here, the isolationist leader charged American "peace" negotiators with forcing Japan to act. "At every turn our negotiators denied the Japanese representatives a chance to 'save their face.' They wouldn't give them a chance to agree with the United States. "If the facts are as presented, Ihere is only one thing for congress to do declare war," Nye told an audience of 600 At an America First rally Sunday afternoon, the republican iso-lat'onis accused Great Britain of "making a studied effort" to start a U. S.-Japanese war. Britain has been getting this ready since 1938," Nye said. Asked by reporters whether he believed Britain would come to our aid in the Pacific, the isolationist ieplied: "Yes, Britain will come to our aid just as she did with Poland and Czechoslovakia." LINDY REFUSES TO SEE NEWSPAPERMEN WEST TISBURY, Mass., Dec. 7. () Charles A. Lindbergh, visiting at Seven Gates farm in this Martha's vineyard island village, refused Sunday night to see newspapermen or accept an messages. "take many more precautions which we can't talk about and we will continue to 'hit the ball' turning out just as many pilots as we can as fast as we can " Bernhard fcaid tnat persons without idenyficatio.i tags would no longer be aLowed to enter the station. Bernhard allowto. his men the re mainder of their leave Sunday but ; said that al, leaves would be can- j celled Monday. Answer Boi S Business Review.. Is Central Texas 1 Comics Crossword Passla.. Editorials 4 International. 2, 11 Interpretative 4 Local J, S Movie Calendar . . . 1 Mortaary National On the Record .... Radio Serial Story , Society Sports Texas Winrhtlt World Today dare: Acme Telephoto Japanese carriers reported operating in the Pacific. Heavy smoke drifted up from the base shown above after the bombing. - flung ocean ramparts of their I cmeland On the whole the reaction was calm. Amid the hurried recall of all the nation's military elements, citizens gathered in small and usually silent groups to watch news bulletins, buy newspaper extras or listen to their radios. The western coast of the country, where ' the warfare was closest, sprang immediately to the alert. Air raid listening devices went into action and huge aircraft factories took precautionary steps to guard against the possibility of sabotage. From the Atlantic seaboard, the director of national civilian defense. Mayor Y. -H. LaGuardia of New York, warned against any feeling of security on the eastern coast and notified his regional directors to take all necessary measures for civil precautions. In the nation's capital, from which much intelligence of the Pacific developments amanated. Pres. Roosevelt, as commander-in-chief of the armed forces conferred long hours with his military and naval chiefs and with the heads of other governmenal branches, including the cabinet. From hamlets and villages, cities (Continued on Page 11, Col. 2) War Hits Austin Relatives Besiege Newspaper for News War in the Pacific struck home to many Austin families Sunday as the sensational news of the Japanese attack was flashed over the wires. ' Many a person, with relatives in the war zone, besieged The American-Statesman for the latest bulletins or clustered around their radios far into the night. Alarmed for the safety both of boys in the service and civilians jn the Pacific zones were these anxious people, who, nevertheless maintained calm in the face of the startling developments. One Austin woman, Mrs. Marie Dryden of 209 East Third, was working at her job at Brackenridge hospital when the flash of the Nipponese attack on Pearl Harbor first reached Austin. She went right on working as usual but her heart skipped faster. She has two sons enlisted in the marines one stationed at Pearl Harbor under attack from Japanese dive bombers. Still another son is at Midway Island. Typical of stoic calmness and courage with which women received I the news of war at last was Mrs. The 11 1 4 t ( I 1 1 4 4 Volume 25 W sir Yank Ships Move From Hawaii To Battle Raiders Strong Pearl Harbor And Hickam Field Are Targets of Attackers HONOLULU. Dec. 7. UP) War struck suddenly and without warning from the skv and sea Sunday at the Hawaiian islands as Japanese bombs took a heavy toll in American lives. Cannonading oflshore indicated a naval engagement in progress. Wave after wave of planes streamed over Ohu in an attack which the army said started at 8:10 a. m., Honolulu time, and which ended at ar .und 9:25, an hour and 15 minutes later. Witnesses said they counted at least 50 planes in the initial attack. The attack seemed to center on Hickam field, huge army airport three miles northwest of Honolulu, and Honolulu, wnere the islands' heaviest fortifications are located. The olanes streamed through the sky from the southwest, their bombs shattering the morning calm. Most of the attackers flew high, but a few came low, five down to under a hundred feet elevation to attack Pearl Harbor. An oil tank there was seen blaz- (Continued on Page 9, Col. 1) 1 Address n Folk With Relatives, Friends in I . : mgk. ft In ' i :iLMmmmim if " . J FLETCHER ANDERSON Dryden. She recalled how both her sons, Jack, 21, and Weldon, 17, had enlisted for service before they were old enough for the draft. From her possessions she took a smiling Austin Aimericai AUSTIN, TEXAS, MONDAY, DECEMBER 8, 1941. n c Churchill Plans To Appear Before Parliament; Rayburn Sees Congressional War Action Message Due Parliament Anglo Cabinet's Head And Envoy Winant On Far Eastern Fuss LONDON (Monday) Dec. S.(P) The British parliament was called into special session for 3 p. m. Monday (8 a. m. CST) to hear a gov-ernment statement which everyone agreed would he a declaration of war against Japan which was expected to coincide with similar action by the United States. Japan already had declared war on Great Britain and the United States Sunday night as Prime Minister Churchill conferred with U. S. Ambassador John G. Winant and as London awaited fulfillment of Churchill's pledge to declare war on Japan "within the hour" if Japan attacked the United States. - Belief was expressed in British quarters here that the Japanese already had attacked "some British (Continued on Page 11, Col. 6) Number of Ships Reported Lost By International News Service While a Japanese naval force was reportedly engaged in a "second sea battle" with a mixed American-British naval fleet in the Western Pacific according to the London Daily Express in a dispatch quoting the Japanese newspaper Osaki Mainichi, loss of a number of ships was indicated. At Washington it was reported unconfirmedly that two American battleships and several destroyers had been sunk in Pearl Harbor. These ships were not named. Berlin radio announced that the U.S.S. West Virginia had been sunk and that the U.S.S. Oklahoma was afire. NBC received d report that the U. S. transport General Hugh L. Scott, formerly an American President liner, had been sunk about 1,600 miles from Manila. At Shanghai the U.S.S. gunboat Wake was taken over by Japanese sailors. Unofficial reports, circulated in London Sunday night and reported to New York by CBS. said that the Japanese aircraft carrier from which planes presumably operated u attack Pearl Harbor has been sunk by the U. 3 navy. At Washington the White House announced that an unidentified American transport ship, loaded with lumber, had been torpedoed 1,300 miles west of San Francisco. picture of Jack. "I guess this will be all right," she told reporters who requested tne picture. ' Jack looks happy natural." and 1 JACK DRYDEN I UoSo si mid mi or United States Is Expected To Reply To Japanese Attack With Declaration of War Japs Make Attack First Then Declare War on U. S., Britain TOKIO, (Monday), Dec. 8. (IV-Japan went to war against the United States and Great Britain Monday with air and sea attacks against Hawaii followed by a formal declaration of hostilities. Japanese imperial headquarters announced at 6 a. m. (3 p. m. Sunday, C.S.T.) that a state of war existed among these nations in the western Pacific, as of dawn. Shortly afterwards Domei announced that "naval operations are progressing off Hawaii, with at least F.D. AT LAST GOT HIS WAR, SAY NAZIS LONDON, Dec. 7. (JP) A German radio broadcast heard here said Sunday night that "Pres. Roosevelt has at last got his war, which he has always looked for." one Japanese aircraft carrier in action against Pearl Harbor," the American naval base in the islands. Japanese bombers were declared to have raided Honolulu at 7:35 a. m. Hawaii time (12:05 p. m. Sun day, C.S.T.) Premier-War Minister Gen. Hi-degi Tojo held a 20-minute cabinet session at his official residence at 7 a, m. and shortly afterwards it was announced that both the U. S. ambassador, Joseph C. Grew, and the British ambassador, Sir Robert Leslie Craigie, had been summoned by Foreign Minister Shigenori Togo. The foreign minister, Domei said, handed to Grew the Japanese government's formal reply to the note sent to Japan by U. S. Secy, of State Cordell Hull on Nov. 26. (In the course of the diplomatic negotiations leading up to Sunday's events, the Domei agency had stated that Japan could not accept the premises of Hull's note.) It was summoned by the foreign minister 15 minutes after Grew was called. At the brief cabinet session Premier Tojo reported on the progress of war plans against the British and American forces, according to Domei, and outlined the Japanese government's policy. All Japanese In Norfolk Arrested NORFOLK, Va., Dec. 7. (IP) Col. Charles B. Borland, Norfolk director of public safety, immediately ordered the arrest of all Japanese nationals in this strategic naval center Sunday as soon as he learned of the Japanese attacks on the United States Pacific bases. Pacific Area Boys in Service And Civilians in War Zone It is Jack who is in Pearl Harbor. Another Austin lad stationed at Pearl Harbor is 18-year-old James Fletcher Anderson, son of Mr. and Mrs. James S. Anderson, 606 West Avenue. Young Anderson was a petty officer of the junior naval militia in Austin, signed up with the navy nine months ago. His father, incidentally, is engaged in defense work, in charge of army construction at Camp Wolters. J. A. Thompson. 510 Hcarn, has a son who is a chief petty officer in the navy attached to a battleship "somewhere in the Pacific." Friends here also recalled at least two Austin couples now in Honolulu Sgt. and Mrs. Joe Spiller and First Lieut, and Mrs. Alfred Rainey. Mrs. Spiller is the former Miss Nell Scott. Austin school teacher, and Mrs. Rainey was Alice Davis before her marriage. The Raineys formerly worked in the Texas Unemployment Compensation commission office in Austin. Bob Potts of Austin, employed in the Texas Insurance checking of- fice. has a brother. Arthur Potts, in (Continued on Pace 2. Col. 2) 5) Roosevelt Orders Army and Navy Into Battle Action By RICHARD L. TURNER WASHINGTON, Dec. 7-()-Jap-an declared war upon the United States Sunday, An electrified nation immediately united for a terrific struggle ahead. Pres. Roosevelt was expected to ask congress for a declaration of war Monday. During the day Japanese planes bombed Honolulu. Pearl Harbor, and Hickam Field. Hawaii, without warning. In broadcast from Hono-lulu, some 3S0 soldiers were reported dead at Hickam Field, with numerous casualties at the other points of attack. The war department's first official estimate of deaths was much lower, however. Army chiefs told the White House there were 104 known dead and more than 300 wounded in the army forces. These figures did not include civilian casualties At first the White House announced thaf Manila also had been bombed. But the Associated Press correspondent there reported at 3:25 p. m. (CST) that all was quiet The White House later said it had been unable to get substantiating reports of this attack on the Philippine capital and that Pres Roosevelt hoped the report oi the bombing "at least, is erroneous " Shortly after the Hawaiian bombings became known, the Tokio government announced Japan had entered a state of war with the United States and Great Britain as of 6 a.m. (Monday). Attack of Guam As day broke over the Far Pacific, the White House announced that Japanese planes had also attacked the American-owned island naval base -at Guam. Just previously the navy had told of an unidentified squadron of planes appearing over the island. No further details were available immediately. With the question of a joint session of congress Monday still in definite, Speaker Rayburn advised all members of the house "to be on hand" t noon Monday. But Pres. Roosevelt hardly waited for the Japanese declaration. As soon as he heard of the bombing he ordered the army and navy to carry out previously prepared and highly secret plan for the defense of he country. Army airmen engaged Japanese fighting planes over Honolulu. In the cty blow them, the White House said, . heavy loss of life had (Continued on Page 9, Col. 6) Union Shop For Mines Voted NEW YORK. Dec. 7. (UP) The United Mine workers Sunday won a victory in the capuve mines owned by seven steel companies when Pres. Roosevelt's three-man arbitration board ruled tcT a union shop. The aecisicn was two to one. with Dr John R Steelman, chairman of the board, vctir.g with John L. Lewis president of the United Mine workers Benjamin F. Fairless, pres-:dent of United SUtes Steel, cast the adverse ballot. Both tht; miners and the companies have agreed to abide by the decision, which affects 53,000 men. Entire Panama Canal Zone On War Footing Against Attacks PANAMA CITY. Dec. 7 (UP) The entire Panama Canal Zone was on a war footing Sunday night and on the alert for possible Japanese attacks. Lieut. Gen. Frank M Andrew?, commander-in-chief of the Canal Zone and Caribbean defenses, said war plans were in effect after he had been in telephonic communica- tion with Washington throughout ' Sunday afternoon. ; down. Automobiles were permitted Dozens of army P-40 fighting to proceed until an air -raid warn-planes patrolled ver the isthmus, j ins was sounded. Number 190 sa 9 Unity Chief Asserts Unconfirmed Rumors Heard McNary Thinks GOP 'Will Go Along With What Is Done' Today WASHINGTON, Dec. 7. iJP)- Sen. Connally (D-Texas) announc-ed from the White House steps Sunday night that Pres. Roosevelt would address a joint session of congress at 12:30 p. m. (11:30 a. m. Austin time) Monday, Emerging from the front door of the White House as a meeting of the president's cabinet ended, the chairman of the senate foreign relations committee said: "The president will address a joint session of congress at 12:30 p. m. Monday. That is all I can say." Say Nothing of Declaration As he made the statement to newspapermen. Secy, of War Stim son left the White Hou.se and Sen. Hiram Johnson (R-Calif.) departed a moment later. Cabinet members and congressional leaders had met with Mr. Roosevelt to discuss the ominous implications of Japan's declaration of war upon the United States and Great Britain. Speaker Rayburn said that the president did not tell the conference what he was going to say in Monday's message. And. when he was asked whether the chief executive would propose a declaration of war he replied solemnly: "I don't know." Some Unconfirmed Rumors Rayburn said that the chief executive, cabinet and congressional leaders went over the entire situation and that the president had remarked that some rumors were going about which were unconfirmed. What those rumors were, the speaker did not say. A declaration of war. Rayburn asserted, would be one thinfi on which there would be congressional unity. Asked whether there had been (Continued on Page 9, Col. 8), Reds Claim 2 New Victories By United Press The Russians reported two smesh-ing new victories on the easfera front Sunday while in Libya the British claimed initial success in a resumption of the great battle of annihilation between the main axis and imperial tank forces. The official Tass Soviet news agency said "several thousand" Germans were killed and a threat to Moscow from the southwest eliminated as the nazis stampeded back across a river between the closing jaws of a red army trap. Another German force was reported "almost encircled'' at Tikhvin, 125 miles east of Leningrad, where fierce fignting raged. The third round of the great Libyan tank battle began in earnest Saturday noon, after 24 hours of increasingly severe offensive patrols, with the main axis forces concentrated in a triangle bounded by Bir El Gobi. El Adem and Sidi Rezegh. The main British forces were southeast of this triangle and the hottest fighting was reported near Bir El Gobi. flying at between 8.000 and 10,000 feet. Word from Balboa said it was understood that coast artillery batteries were being manned on a war basis. The United States army authori- ties called in all soldiers and sailors : from Panama. j Orders were given V black out : the Canal Zone partially at sun-

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