The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on April 6, 1956 · Page 6
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 6

Blytheville, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Friday, April 6, 1956
Page 6
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PAGE SIX BLYTHEVILLE (ARK.) COURIER NEWS FRIDAY, APRIL 6, 1958 REVIEW- FORECAST Maloch Says B; D. V. MALOCB Mississippi Count; Afeut Soybean Program Listed below are general recommendations for soybean production and harvesting in South Mississippi County. Thomas F. .McKinion, Associate County Agent, prepared much of the data for this column. Drainage Adequate drainage is a must for good production but soybeans will, as a rule, grow on wetter land and stand more water than most other row crops. Good "V" ditches, "W" ditches or water furrows should be put in while the ground is dry and kept open throughout the year. Fertilizer Although soybeans draw heavily on the plant food supply in the soil, as compared to some other row crops, the crop has shown very little response in Increased yields to direct application of fertilizer on most farms in South, Mississippi County, due largely to our soils being medium or above in phosphorous and potash. Soil* medium or high In phosphorous and potash have shown no increase In yields at the Arkansas Experiment Stations. Soils low in phosphorous and/or potash may •tow a slight yield increase from •dding the fertilizer elements. All fertilizer, as a rule, should be •plied to other crops such as cotton, corn, or small grains, where a rotation of crops is practiced. Varieties Th» following mid-season varieties are hard to beat In South Mississippi County. . a. Dorman (earliest of the four) Yellow — Early mid-season. b. Dortohsoy 67 (second earliest of the group) Yellow — early mid- •eason. c. Ofd«n — Green wed coat — medium maturity mid-season. d. Lee (latest of the lour) Yellow — non-shattering, highest production record. Seedbed Preparation A well prepared seedbed generally aids In weed control. Plow «arly In the south for weathering •tid settling of soil. Most experiment stations In the south favor flat breaking the land, working it into a good seed bed •nd planting flat after April 25. Planting on a bed is practiced in MlMlHlppl County from March through July C. Seed Treatment Treating seed with Spergon or Arasan will usually result In improved, stands only where seed are used with low germination or a low seeding rate Is used. Seed may be treated with these materials at any time between harvest and planting time. Seed treatment will reduce the effectiveness of inocualtlon but will not harm the bacteria In the soil. Inoculation Soybeans will produce their own Nitrogen if properly Inoculated. The cost of Inoculation is small •nd many farmers inoculate each year. In many cases, it is not necessary to inoculate every year; however, If soybeans have not been grown In recent years, be sure to Inoculate seed at planting time with soybean type bacteria. Date of Planting 1. Early PlantingMarch 20-April 14 2. Medium Planting — April 25 •May 24 3. Late Planting-May 25-June 20 4. Very Late Planting-June 2- July 5 5. University of Arkansas Experiment plots on the Alfalfa Substation on the Ohlendorf farm and the plots at Marie and Delta Substation at Clarksdale have had higher yields when planted between April 25 - May 24 than when planted in early April. This Is true for Delta station at Stoneville, Mis- sisslssippi, too. 6. Seed harvested from these varieties planted during medium planting period were a superior quality to those planted prior to April 20. 7. All varieties make more rapid growth when planted after soil is warm than when planted in cold soil. 8. Comparative studies show that varieties planted April 10 to April 20 had made only, 60, percent as much growth six weeks after emergence as soybeans planted later than April 20. Earliest varieties should be planted on clean land first, the beans next, then ogdens. Depth of Planting Planting depth should be regulated by moisture supply in soil. Sandy soils shriuld be planted as shallow as possible yet plfice seed in moist soil. One to IVz inch In depth is excellent on sandy loam soils unless the soil is dry. If packer wheels on the planter do not leave soil firjn, cultlpack or flat roll immediately after planting. Heavy clay soils should be planted from 2 to 2'/2 Inches deep If planted after May. If soils must be disked to destroy weeds and grass It Is usually best to delay planting until after a rain and plant without futher land preparation, placing seed in moist soil. The uncertainty of getting -a stand on heavy clay soils causes many farmers to plant early. Rat« of Planting With varieties such as Dorman, Ogden, Lee, Dortch 67, when planted In 36 inch to 40 Inch rows, use 45 to 60 pounds of high quality seed with 85 percent or above germination and hlghviabllity. (Ability to live and grow). If the seedbed Is rough and poorly prepared, plant at the heavier .rate. Row Width No yield advantage can be expected under most conditions in the delta from planting adapted varieties In rows closer than con- ventlal 3S Inch to 40 Inch rows. Row middles will be shaded earlier In narrow rows, but more lodging Is encountad. Cultivation Cultivate only deep enough to control weeds. A rotary hoe, when the soil conditions are right, does an excellent job while soybeans are small in controlling small -seds and grasses. It may be used «ii some years two or three time. Cultivate often enough to control weeds. On land heavily infested with Johnson Grass, one should follow soybeans , with small grains so that he might summer fallow the next year. Chop out big type woods and smnll spots of Johnson Grass. Disease Control Crop rotation and the destruction of crop residues with a shredder attachment on combine and by turning under, aid in disease control. Small grains or cotton In the rotation will help control diseases, too. Even though proper seed trea- mcnt may prevent seedling diseases, It is recommended only when poor quality seed wtih low germination are planted. Do not treat seed If planted on land for first time but be sure to inoculate them with proper bacteria. Crop Rotation Higher yields are obtained when soybeans are used In a good crop TARGET: NEMATODES—Dow Chemical Co., picture, Joe Qoeppner of Dow and P. D. Foster, and County Agent Keith Bilbrey are Joining some Jr.. local Dow representative are show as soil on farmers In this area in making fumigation tests W. A. Williams farm near Brown Spur gets fum- on cotton land. Object Is, to determine if nematodes igation treatment. Similar test was made on the —a microscopia worm which pentrites plant roots »R. W. Lyerly farm, —are hurting production In this area. In above rotation plan. Insect Control The bean leaf-beetle Is one of the most common of the more destructive insects on soybeans. In late May and June seedling soybeans &:•£• sometimes chewed heavily but poisoning Is not generally necessary. Damage to foliage on older soybeans In August ii frequent and sometimes there Is damage to young pods. Poisoning may be necessary but the beans can stand a lot of chewing on foliage without loss In yields but It is a different story when the insects cut the pods. Grasshoppers and cutworms may also damage soybeans. Green clover worms and garden web worms are sometimes found in large numbers, too. If It Is necessary to poison, one irmy use a number of different poisons but usually the cheapest ind most effective poisons to use ire Toxnphcne dust or spray at l'/ 2 to 2 pounds of technical material per acre for all Insects or 10 percent DDT dust at 10 to 12 pounds per acre for bcnn leaf beet-l !es. Five percent DDT dust will do the Job when applied evenly at 12; 16 pounds pfir acre. '' Irrigation Arkansas Experiment Station studies have found that soybeani}, irrigated at blooming stage made RS good yields as soybeans irrigated all season. Increases In soybean yields, In delta soils In this area, from Irrigation have frequently averaged about 8 to 10 bushels per acre with larger increases under extreme :onditions of dought and lower In- :reases when moisture conditions vere good. Irrigation where practical, may be used to bring up soybeans following drought periods and small grains as well as to set fruit. Defoliation Arkansas Experimental results how that defoliation of soybeans enerally decreases yields. Defoliation will generally make NO STRAIN- NO PAIN! with a JOHN DEERE Quik-Tatth CULTIVATOR You cultivate easier . . . faster . . . and better when you use a John Deere Quik. Talch Cultivator. You see exactly what you're doing . . . you take advantage of faster, more positive dodge . . . and you've got the extra clearance to cultivate at higher tractor speeds in any crop or condition. Attaching or detaching the Quilc-Tatch Cultivator is Iruly a one-man job. You, alone, can do it in 10 minutes pr less—you spend Ihe minimum of time getting ready to go to the field. And, when you use a John Deere Quik- Tatch Cultivator, with a John Deere Power Steering Tractor, you have Ihe lops in convenience—you do your work and feel fresh at the end of the day . . . no more aching muscles for youl Drop in and see us soon about a John Deer« Quik-Tatch Cultivator. MISSCO IMPLEMENT CO. S. Highway 61 Ph. 3-4434 Suttfc JOHN DEERE QUALITY FARM EQUIPMENT harvest, only two to three days earlier. Harveit Do not harvest soybeans until matured. For home storage without drying, the beans should test .under 14 percent moisture-preferable 11-13 percent. The combine should be properly adjuswd to avoid cracking and splitting as much as possible. Put a acpurkleen (screen) on a combine to get morning glory seed and cockleburrs out of soybeans. When beans are very ary seed beans thould be harvested in late afternoon, at night or early In the day. Two or three varieties can be planted to spread the harvest season over a longer period. This practice will likely: a. Cut Machinery cost b. Cut labor cost o. Make It. possible to harves a higher percent of the beans grown because fewer will likely shatter. Storage There Is approximately 750,000 bushel storage capacity located on the farms in South Mississippi County. Also, there is generally l>/ 2 million bushel commercial storage capacity available for CCC loan beans, and another 2 million bushels of storage for purchased beans. 91ythevllle, Arkansas on March 14, 1956. No. 3,375. Estate of Lucy I. Barksdaie, deceased. Letters testamentary Issued to Oscar Fendler, Blytheville, Arkansas on March 17, 1956. No. 2,379. Estate of Eugene Rhoads, deceased. Letters of administration issued to E. D. McGowan, Jonesboro, Arkansas on March 28, 1956. No. 2,380. Estate of Mary E. Hopkins, deceased. Letters testamentary issued to Evelyn Daniel, 922 S. Lilly, Blytheville, Arkansas on March 28, 1956. Witness my hand and seal as such Clerk this the 4th day of April, 1956. SEAL ELIZABETH BLYTHE PARKER, County & Probate Clerk. By RUTH C. BESS, D. C. 4/6 Pemiscot Notes By W. F. Jame* Pemiscot County Agent ttm» t» Iprty Fruit Th» time to iprty your home fruit pUnUngi 1> >t hand. Spray peacbei and plumi Just after the petali fall. Use the general purpose spray made up as follows: 1 Ib. Zlneb Captan 50% wettable powder, 3 lb>. methoxychlor 50% wettable powder and % Ib. ara- mlta 15% wettable powder. Use this mixture at the rate of four ttblupoonfuls In a gallon of water or 4'/j Ibs. In 100 gallons water. Repeat the spray every 10 days for five times. For grapes use this same mixture when shooU are % to 1 Inch long. Repeat'this spray at 14 day Intervals until i weeks after bloom- Ing. In ralnly seasons apply a sixth spray. For pears and apples this same general purpose spray In used. Hie first spray should have-been made LEGAL NOTICE Pursuant to the provisions of Probate Code Section 152 notice is given that the accounts of the administration of the estates listed below have been filed on the dates below shown by the named personal representatives. AH interested persons are called on to file objections to such accounts on or before the sixtieth day following the filing of the respective accounts, failing which they will be barred forever from excepting to the accounts. No. 3,272. Estate of Lilly Daubs, deceased. Accounting of Herbert Adklns and Maxine Reitz filed Feb. 9, 195«. . No. 2.W7. Estate of Damon McLeod, deceased. First and final account of Beulah Mo- Leod filed March 5. 1956. No. 2,280. Estate of Maude C. Hardin, deceased. First and final report of John B. Hardin filed March 9, 1956. No. 2,333. Estate of Jessie Gertrude Hunton, deceased. First and final account of Rosa H. Claunch filed March 29, 1956. Witness my hand and seal as such Clerk this tht 4th day of April 1956. SEAL ELIZABETH BLYTHE PARKER, County & Probate Clerk. By RUTH C. BESS, D. C. 4/6 when buds were In the pink. The next spray after petals have fallen. Then repeat every 10 days up to lak July. None of the sprays should be applied within three weeks, of harvest time for the fruit. Garden Insects With the newer garden insectl- •cldes available now it is fairly easy to control the bugs. Cutworms are one of the first pests to start whittling your plants. Cut both ends out of a tin can and put it around your plant or make a small card board collar for your plants using a paper clip. Place this cardboard about 1 inch in the ground and let It el- tend two inches above ground around. your plant. Another way to thwart cut worms is to add 1 teaspoon of 25% llndane wettable powder to each gallon of water used when setting the plants. Plant lice or aphis art another early pest. They are tiny green to grayish insects found on the underside of the leaves which suck the juice and cause leaves to curl. Use l',4 teaspoons of 50% mala- thion emulslfiable concentrate per gallon of water as a spray. Apply to underside of leaves. Do not use within seven days of harvest. For leaf chewing insects use 50% methoxychlor wettable powder as a spray. Use 1 level tablespoon of the chemical in a gallon of water. Do not apply to edible portion of vegetables within 7 days of harvest. Read Courier News Classified Ads. "MAYFLOWER,COMPACT" Lacking a royal charter, the Plymouth colonists drew up and signed the Mayflower Compact, j which created "a civil body politic" on democratic lines, but subservient to the British crown. It was the basis of civil government in Plymouth for 71 years. NOTICE OF NEW ESTATES ON WHICH ADMINISTRATION HAS BEEN COMMENCED Notice Is hereby given that the following Is a list of estates on which Letters Testamentary or of Administration were granted dur-1 Ing the month of March, 1056 with the date of the Issuance and the ! name and address of the administrator or executor: No. 2,374. Estate of Olive Ross Heaton, deceased. Letters testamentary issued to J. L. Guard, 633 West Main, Attention Farmers! Proper seed treatment helps to control cotton disease — so for better yields and more perfect stands ... Get Your Cotton Seed Delinted, Cleaned and Treated Now by— Blytheville Delinting Corp. S. Highway 61 Blytheville, Ark. Phone 3-6258 Day — 2-2518 Night WANTED! 755 Acres of the Toughest Farm Land HOW: In 5-10-20-40-80-100-200 acre blocks. WHY: To prove that new low pressure NITRANA -11 % N'lTROGEN FERTILIZER Is (he most economical & practical way to apply nitrogen fertilizer in Mississippi County. We will apply (his new fertilizer (o your land for about what Ammoniun Nilrale cosls al (he warehouse. For More Detail Call or See FARMERS SOYBEAN CORP. "The home of Sudden Service" Box 692 Blytheville Phone 3-8191 SEE THE NEW ABBOTT BAR For cutting down 4-rows at a time . . . and preparing seed beds. Spring tooth harrow, section harrow and board slide all combined in one tool. Ask Us For A Demonstration Delta Implements, Inc. "Service Holds Our Trade" 312 South 2nd Phone 3-6863 Wells-2" to 16" Irrigation - Industrial - Municipal - Domestic WATER is our BUSINESS We Drill For It Pump It Soften It Filter It Cool It Irrigate With It GINNERS - TAKE NOTICE: Let us furnish your water needs for fire fighting power unit cooling, for statifiers. HOME WATER SYSTEMS 3 Years to Pay Complete iron remOTtl, filtering and softening system* built to fit your needs. We have the answer to your needs for greater water volume and pressures. McKinnon Irrigation Co. Phone 112 or 190 — Manila, Ark. DELTA PROPANE CO. Gas Appliances Gas Installation Tractor Carburelion (Factory Type Installation) R. C. Farr&Sons Petroleum Products Bulane — Propane "Serving this area for over 20 years" Office: Phones: 400 So. Railroad St. 3-4567 & 3-4662 -OPEN- ELLIS & HARRINGTON SHEET METAL WORKS 203 North 1st St. Next Door to Wcstbrook Machine Shops Gutter Work - Duct Work All Types Sheet Metal Work Prompt Service—All Work Guaranteed -Phone 3-4161-

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