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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THB DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OF NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI YOL. XLIX—NO. 48 Blytheville Courier BlythevUle Dully Newt Miseistippi VaUey Lctder Blytheville Herald BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, SATURDAY, MAY 16, 1953 EIGHT PAGES SINGLE COPIES FIVE CENTS Oatis Crosses Czech Border to Freedom ? Wife's Appeal To Reds Wins His Release WAIDHAUS, Germany (AP) — Thin and pale, but smiling happily, Associated Press Correspondent William N. Oatis emerged from imprisonment in Communist Czechoslovakia and crossed into freedom in West Germany today. He was escorted across the border by Vice Consul Chris Squires of the U. S. Embassy in Prague. The. .tail, willowy correspondent declared as he came through the Iron Curtain: "I feel great." Oatis had served two years of a, 10-year sentence imposed in Czechoslovakia on charges of spying. His trial was denounced as a travesty by the U. S. State Department, which began immediately on Oatis' 'M arrest efforts to bring about his release. Prague announced that President Antonin Zapotocky of Czechoslovakia had decided to pardon Oatis "on the basis of a petition" Mrs. Oatis sent the Czech president six months ago. In that appeal, Mrs. Oatis — an American citizen like Oatis — with "a simple plea of mercy" asked that her husband be returned to her. • Oatis. no\v 39, Is a native of Ma'r- lon, Ind. He was freed from the Prague prison this morning and was driven to the German border by Nat King, U. S. Charge d'affaires in Czechoslovakia. Wife Appeals A poignant apeal from his wife had led Czechoslovak authorities to pardon AP Correspondent William N. Oatis from his prison sentence. The IT. S. State Department confirmed it was officially advised of plans for Oatis' release from the Prague prison cell he entered in 1951. Mrs. Oav.s sent the appeal last November to Klement Gottwald, then president of Czechoslovakia. "Surely," she said, "you must heed a simple plea, for mercy and - put an end to this bitterly unhappy *~ situation in which my husband William and I are entrapped. "We married necause we wanted to spend our lives together. Yet the days go by, one after another, and so does the time we would be spending together. We can never regain what has already been lost during this past two and a half years, but I continue to hope and pray . . ." There was no explanation why the Prague officials waited exactly six months to act on the letter, but in the meantime Gottwald died and Antonin Zapotocky became president of Czechoslovakia. In the meantime, also. Moscow launched a "peace offensive," and persuaded North Korean authorities to release groups of American. British and French civilians who had been seized in Korea at the start of the war there. It Is now almost three years since Mrs. Oatis saw her husband. That was four months after she and the reporter from Marion, Ind., were married. A U. S. official permitted to visit him last October reported him' in apparent good health. "I still can't make myself believe it," Mrs. Oatis said lust night at her St. Paul, Minn. home. "Is there C any whsn or how?" "Very, Very Grateful" Walter Bedell Smith, U. S. undersecretary of state, explained details were still to come, and Laurabelle Oatis observed; "I'm so very, very grateful." Moscow's announcement was printed on the foreign nev^s page of Pravda. . First, fragmentary word of the pardon came shortly before 7 p.m. (EST) Friday when Reuters News Agency intercepted a Communist broadcast. Almost two hours later the Saturday edition of Pravda became available in Moscow, and the AP Bureau there flashed its announcement. Just before 10 p.m. the State Department said it was advised by George Wadsworth, U. S. ambassador at Prague ,of the pardon. The State Department had made frequent appeals for Oatis to the Czech government, and Mrs. Oatis said she is "extremely grateful to those, in the State Department and The Associated Press who have been so helpful and understanding dur- Sce FREEDOM on Page 8 . . . Bill Oatis . . . letter from wife Laurabelle frees him . . . One Couple Killed, 2 Hurt in Collision OSCEOLA — Mr. and Mrs. J. S. Wilson of Helena met death in- ;tantly on Highway 61 south of here yesterday afternoon when the car in which they were riding collided with a pickup truck. Mr. Wilson, an official of Arkan-* ESS Power and Light Co., in Helena, was en route to Capa Girardeau for a physical examination. Mrs. Paul Stubblefielri, 23, of Wilson, who was in the truck,, was in "serious but not critical" condition in Methodist Hospital, Memphis today. Doctors there said she has a broken hip and pelvis, but that, her recovery overnight was "most encouraging." Her seven month old daughter, Linda, is also listed as serious. She has a fractured skull. The collision occurred, Deputy Sheriff Dave Young said, when Mr. Wilson tried to pass a truck driven by A. C. Duclos, farmer who lives south of Osceola. -Mr. Duclos reportedly pulled off the highway to let the oncoming Wilson car by and was not involved in the crash. In the 'truck with Mrs. Stubblefield were Mrs. Junior Hill of Wilson, who was driving, and another child of Mrs. Stubblefield's, Ronnie, 3. The latter two -were not seriously injured. Funeral services are incomplete, pending arrival of Mr. and Mrs. Wilson's eons who are due here today. Swift Funeral Home is in charge. 7 Airmen Killed In Triple Crash Jet Fighter Collides V/ith Two Flying Boxcars in Germany WEISBADEN, Germany m—The TJ. S. Air Force • announced today that seven American airmen were killed last night in the first triple air collision in Germany. The accident occurred over flat farm country, 43 miles southwest of Frankfurt, when an Air Force P84 Thunderjet ripped into a flight formation of 18 C119 Flying Boxcars. Two of the big transport planes and the jet fighter crashed and burned. Their wreckage was strewn over an area of several square miles. One ot the Boxcars exploded in the air. The pilot of the F84 and three crew members of the cargo planes bailed out but all suffered injuries. Two other transports were damaged but managed to reach their home base at Frankfurt's Rhine Main Airport. School Music Festival Set With the Important proviso, "weather permitting," the annual public school music festival, involving some 1,200 students, will be held at Haley Field Monday afternoon at 4:30. The event was to take place this week, but Intermltent showers forced it to be moved up several times. L Tribunal Asked Bar 'Integration' Arkansas Attorneys Adopt Resolution At State Convention HOT SPRINGS (AP) — A resolution asking the Arkansas Supreme Court to back down on Its order for integration of the bar,.— called by opponents a liifctnoanif • -for.i*3g lawyers to join a "union" — was adopted by the Arkansas Bar Association as it wound up its 55th annual convention here yesterday. The action ran counter to previous Association expressions on the matter and was the latest development in the controversy over integration, which has been hotter since the Supreme Court decision than it ever was before. Integration means that all law- years who want to practice in the state would have to belong to and contribute to support of a statewide professional organization which would be supervised by the Supreme Court. It is the contention of opponents and of justices dissenting to the Court's opinion that any lawyer who refused to join would not be allowed to practice. •• Yesterday's resolution asked the Court to rescind its approval of integration set out in a 5-2 opinion of the Court on April 27. The vote was 195 for the resolution — that is, against integration — and 165 against the resolution — that is, for integration. To File Briefs The Court has authorized the Crittenden County Bar Association to file briefs in support of a rehearing on its decision, and the state Bar Association's resolution backs up the stand of the Critten- dent organization. The Association vote came after 40 minutes debate — limited by agreement to 20 minutes for each side —, during which retiring president A. F. Triplett of Pine Bluff had to call repeatedly for less conversation at the edges of the crowded convention hall. Shields Goodwin of Little Rock, sponsor of the noJntegratibn resolution, was supported in his stand by N. J. Gantt of Pine Bluff, a former Bar Association president. The tall, white-haired Kantt de- See BAR on Page 8 Pre-Dawri Atom Blast Delayed Due to Weather LAS VEGAS, Nev. (/F) — A predawn atomic blast originally scheduled for Saturday, has been postponed at least 24 hours because of unsettled weather. Such atmospheric conditions could produce radiation hazards. Mrs. Oatis Tempers Her Joy with Caution ST. PAUL, Minn., I/PI—Mrs. Laurabelle Oatis tempered her joy with a little caution after hearing the news for which she had waited almost 25 months. "One grows to expect bad news in a situation like this—when good news comes you Just don't Icnow how to "react." That was her comment after receiving official word Friday night that Antonin Zapotocky, the new president of Czechoslovakia, had granted a pardon to her husband. William Oatis, Associated Press bureau chief in Prague, still had eight years remaining on a 10-year prlr.cn term imr.or.ed on espionage charges that the U. S. State Department «Hed * tr*VMty of JiM- tice. Cheered at the news of his pardon, she waited hopefully for word that he would soon be released. "The ttyne for real celebrating will come when William Is back In American hands again," she said. "This thing has been so fantastic from the start," she told newsmen, "I still can't make myself believe he's coming home." It has been almost 35 months since the two saw each other In London. He left for his new assignment In Prague, she returned home for a visit with her family. Since then, the 29-year-old wife of the. newsman has tried to lead what she describes as "a normal life In this abnormal situation." Sb< has worked since shortly after her return as a copywriter In the advertising department of a St. Paul department store. She has made seven trips to Washington and New York since her husband was imprisoned to "talk face to face' with State Department and Associated Press officials. "The trips were for my own satisfaction—they gave me something to look forward to," she said. "We'd talk over any new developments In the case that, the State Department or The AP had written me about since my last visit. "I'm extremely grateful to those in the State Department and The , ttf OATIS oo F»»« I ILA Officials Await Probe Call Ruling Court Deciding If They'll Face Grand Jury BALTIMORE (AP)—Nine question-shy top officials of the International Longshoremen's Association today awaited a court ruling- on whether they must return to New York to face a grand jury investigation of water front racketeering. They challenged the constitutionality of a Maryland law under which subpoenas were served on them yesterday as they sat in a Baltimore hotel at a meetYig of the ILA's 20-member Executive Council. Ironically, the meeting itself apparently was held here Insteafl of New York to spare the union officials from process servers. But Baltimore prosecutors cooperated with Frank S. Hogan, New York district attorney, in tapping the nine men wanted for questioning. They were William Jones and David D. Dennis of New Orleans; Walter E. Mayo of Lake Charles, La.; Frank" Yeager of Galveston, Tex.; Patrick J. Cullnan Jr. and Richard A. Walton of Chicago; E. L. Slaughter of Duluth, Minn.; V. E. Townsend of Neptune Beach, Fla., and Charles E. Lockhart of Miami. Two Not Around The batch of papers, wliich said the grand jury is investigating grand larceny of union funds, also included copies for Daniel J. Donovan of East Boston, Mass., and Arthur M. Sullivan of Halifax, N. S. They were not around when the process servers arrived. Joseph P. Ryan, head of the longshoremen's union for 27 years, already has been indicted in New York, accused of stealing $11,390 in union funds. He and the other council members were meeting here to draft a reply to American Federation of Labor demands that the long Jir'iv men's ;>union rid itself df orlmi lal elements and abolish the shape up" hiring system in New York. .In its report, issued late yesterday, the ILA Executive Council formally advised the AFL It was directing its locals to discontinue the "shape-up" when new contracts go into effect Oct. 1. But the report questioned the AFL's authority to order the longshoremen to oust officers " 3 wlth criminal records. The Executive Council said the AFL constitution does not invest such authority in its executives. Sun Tries Hard But Forecast With .the sun playing hide-and- sek among wet-looking clouds this icon and the forecasts steadfastly calling for more showers, it was nip and tuck as to just what was in store for this sr'i this weekend. The Little Rock Weather Bureau forecast showers today and tomorrow. The Memphis Weather Bureau predicted rain through Tuesday. At any rate, it has rained In Biytheville for a full week, with the rainfall in this period totaling 3.79 inches. On four other days earlier this month, 1.3 inches fell, making a total of 5.09 inches for the first half of the month. (By The Associated Press) Most of the nation ducked rain flurries beneath cloudy skies today. The largest sunny area was the southern half of the Atlantic Coast. There were smaller patches of fair weather in the Eastern Great Lakes and Northwestern Great Lakes regions. Galveston, Tex., got soaked with a 3.48-inch rain during a 24-hour period. Lake Charles, La., had 1.98 Inches for the period; Texarkana, Ark., 1.69 inches, Oklahoma City 1.35 and Jackson, Miss., 1,14. Weather ARKANSAS — Cloudy with scattered showers or thundershowers through Sunday; local thunderstorms north portion this afternoon; warmer this afternoon and tonight. MISSOURI —Rain and thundershowers tonight; Sunday cloudy with thundershowers, little change In temperature, rainfall heavy, low tonight 55 northwest to 60 southeast; high Sunday 64 to 75. Minimum this morning—53. Maximum ycetcrday—67. SunrlKo tomorrow—4:58, Sunstt today—fl-,58. Preclp. 24 hours to 7 a.m.—1,03 Mean temperature (midway between hlith and low)—28.00. Normal nmt mfirll tor May 70 2 This Date last Yrar Minimum this morning—CO. Maximum yesierday—90. - *\'' Preclp, Jan, 1 McCarthy Demands Allies Pay More of Costs of Korean War Armistice Talks Recessed at UN Insistence after Stormy Session By GEORGE A. McARTHUR ' MUNSAN (AP) — The Korean armistice talks recessed until Wednesday at Allied insistence today after another stormy exchange over U. N. and Communist proposals to end the long prisoner exchange deadlock. The Communists angrily accused U. N. negotiators of destroying the "basis" of the negotiations and called on them to "withdraw this absurd proposal;" Lt. Gen. William K. Harrison Jr., charged the Reds with trying "to coerce unwilling prisoners to return to unwanted masters." Harrison said he asked for the three-day recess for "administrative reasons." He declined to elaborate. Observers pointed out the recess wo.uld provide an opportunity for top-level conferences at a time when criticism of the U. S. position is building up among friendly, Friday night took the unusual step UN Sabre Jets Down It MIGs And Damage 6 Each of America's Three Top Aces Scores a 'Kill' By MILO FARNETI SEOUL UR— Allied Sabre Jets blasted at least 11 Communist MIGs from the North Korean sky and damaged six others today In oae of theii greatest VictOiii^*^!' tae swept-Wing Bed JetvUi ^4 Each of America s thraftop aces fljing In Jforea scoied * kill Today s ; bag was the biggest since last September when the deadly .Sabres destroyed 13 MIGs and damaged four. The record was set last' July ^ when. Allied pilots shot down 13 MIGs, probably destroyed one and damaged seven. / Capt, Manuel Fernandez of Miami, Fla., downed his 14th MIG ;oday to regain his position as the world's top ranking jet ace. Only a few hours earlier Capt. Joseph McConnell of Apple Valley, Calif./ had destroyed his 13th MIG to tie Fernandez temporarily. Capt. James Jabara of Wichita, Kan., the first U. S. ace of the Korean war, bagged his first MIG since returning to Korea for his second tour of duty. Jabara now las seven MIGs. The suddenly stepped-up tempo of the aerial war was matched on ,he ground where thousands of nations. The U. S. State Department of issuing a formal statement defending the "fundamental humanitarian principle" of letting prisoners of the Korean War choose whether they will go home. There can be no compromise, the State Department said in the statement apparently aimed at critics at home and abroad. The department said every possibility for an honorable truce will be explored, but there can be no agreement which would condemn some prisoners to "indefinite captivity." India, Britain and Canada all have brought pressure on the U. S. * * .,.. Capt. Manuel Fernandez, top U.S. jftt ace, can now add one more MIG to this Scoreboard showing 13 kills ...' Chinese Blamed into Allied lines in CenlmSpfiCorea and were driven off by tfcifn South Korean infan- tryen. Tn bitter hand-to-hand fighting, Allied troops backed by thunderous artillery fire, cut up a force of some 4.0QO Chinese. 1,300 Reds Killed Frontline renorts said 1,300 Reds were killed or wounded, most of them in the sector east of Sniper Ridge, where South Koreans fought off a regiment of Chinese in dark trenches. The Reds attacked shortly after See WAR on Page 8 HANDFUL OF STRAWBERRY — This giant, three and one-quar. ter ounce strawberry was grown by Foy Etchleson, 819 E. Main. Mr. Etchleson reports many of his berries hive been outsize this year. County Agent Keith Bllbrey thinks perhaps the weather hns had something to ao with It. West of Lake berry growers have reported occurrence of large berries, too, (Courier N«w« to reach an agreement on the basis of the Communists' May 7 proposal. Harrison refused to comment, on the criticism. Communist negotiators argued vehemently for their plan to turn over to a- five-nation commission for four months the 48,500 North Korean and Chinese prisoners \tho refuse to go home. During this period the Reds would explain matters to them. The future of those who still refuse repatriation would be decided at a post-armistice political conference. The V. N. Command' proposes freeing immediately after an armi- See TRUCE on Page 8 * * * Armed Forces Day Watchword Set: 'Economy' Thrift Is New Note in Nation's Armament Program By ELTON C. FAY WASHINGTON M) — Economy, a new note in the three-year-old rearmament program, is the official watchword for this Armed Forces Day. ' - -', ,; Secretary of Defense Wilson sounded it last night, saying the administration's economy program "is based on more effective defense for less money" and: "We that Uncle Sam's big old pocketbook has been open just too wide." But Gen. Omar Bradley, getting ready to leave the chairmanship of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, advised that the cost of prepared' ness would continue high—three billion dollars a month—for a long time to come. "To those who would put economy ahead of security, who are wishfully hopeful in regard to Communist intentions, my prediction of costs must be a gloomy one," Bradley said. The general voiced his views in an address yesterday noon. The secretary spoke last night. So to some it seemed as though Wilson was replying to Bradley. Bradley's talk may be one of his last major speeches as head of the Joint Chiefs. The administration has named an entirely new roster of members of that military high command. bthere was no bitterness in the way either man spoke his views. And both were agreed that the danger of Communist attack remained. Today the two were scheduled to stand together and review an Armed Forces parade in the national capital. Wilson took occasion to compliment publicly the Jooint Chiefs members who are leaving. He also expressed "great confidence" In the new chiefs and said thy will make "an Intensive and entailed study" of the defense picture, considering all aspects. But this review, said Wilson, "is no criticism of past policies." Wilson obviously was sensitve to complaints that the Impact of economy was falling heaviest on the Air Force. He made a point of saying the Air Force, under the revised budget, would get 52 per cent more funds than the Navy and 31 per cent more than the Army. He declared: "This certainly does not indicate ;hat the Department of Defense las changed its mind regarding the importance of air power." An "Interim" goal of 120 wings 'or the Air Force some time in 1955 has been set, Wilson said, with emphasis on "quality." The goal had been .143 Wings. Inside Today's Courier News . . . Protest follows first-round knockout. .. Cards break Preacher Roe jinx ... Bill Joe Oenton advances In Little Rock tourney .. . Spoil! . . . Face 5. . . . Elizabeth the Queen . . Page 8. . , . Society newt . , , Pane 2. . . . Are meteorology texts outdated? . , . editorials . . . Page 4. Senator Drafting Fund Bill Rider To Cut U.S. Share WASHINGTON (AP) — Sen, McCarthy (R-Wia.) fired another blast at America's allies today with a proposal aimed at making them take over more of the costs of the Korean war. The Wisconsin senator said he has instructed his staff to draft an amendment, to the pending State Department appropriations bill, designed to pare the proposed 30-million dollar American share of operating United Nations agencies. As explained by McCarthy, who is engaged in a transatlantic word battle with British leaders, the amendment would: 1. Reduce the U. S. contribution for U. N. operating expenses to the percentage level of other nations' participation In Korean war financing, and 2. Thereby induce other nations who are not, In McCarthy's view, contributing enough to the Korean war effort, to step up their support of regular U. N. activities as a sort of offset.. "We have been contributing 85 per cent of, the money and men for the Korean war," McCarthy said In an interview. "If we cut our 0. N. contributions to the 6 per cent the other nations have been putting up In Korea, maybe wo can get a little more financial cooperation out of them." The D. S. now Is putting up 35 per cent of the cost of operating eight U. N. organizations, and also is contributing to 21 related International groups. The House Appropriations Committee said In Its report on the $1,143,000,000 State Department bill that commitments had been made to cut future P. .S. contributions to 33 1-3' per cent. McCarthy's new move came as Sen. H. Alexander Smith (B-NJ), a foreign relations committee member, predicted the Communists eventually will accept the U. N. proposals for handling Korean prisoners of war and also "probably the unification of Korea." But, Smith said: UN Admission Is Price "The final price will be admission of Bed China to the United Nations and a seat on the Security Council. That is the real danger. Admlj- See NEW BLAST on Page 8 Truck Loaded With TNT Highway 61 travelers around Sandy Ridge has quite a scare about 0 p.m. yesterday when a Hays Truck Lines vehicle carrying a load on the TNT caught fire. Wires which shorted out under the dashboard set the cab afire but the blaze was extinguished before reaching the rear of the truck, State Trooper Tom Smalley reported. A busload of Dell school children escaped injury yesterday when their bus, stopped on Highway 18 about the three miles west of Blytneville to let two boys off, was struck from the rear by a car driven by Gerald Sizemore of Blytheville, Trooper Smalley said. Hero of the hour In the explosive truck fire was the driver of the vehicle, who was unidentified. Trooper Smalley said the driver put out the fire with an extinguisher while trying to warn motorists to stay clear of the truck. The highway was blocked for about an hour, Trooper Smalley reported. Gerald Sizemore, who received minor cuts and bruises when he lit the Dell schoolbus, driven by Leslie Peoples of Dell, was charged in Municipal Court today with reckless driving and attempt- Ing to pass a stopped school bus. On his plea of guilty, the court deferred passing judgment till next Saturday. An accident at First and &/,h Streets yesterday occurred between vehicles driven by 0. L. Allison of Blytheville and W. E. Daniels of Osceola, Officers Fred Hodge and Willie Hopper reported. The wreck occurred when Mr. Daniels pulled out from the curb and sldeswlped the City Cab Company taxi driven by Mr. Allison. CaruthersviHe Boy is Killed CARUTHERSVILLE — DftnnU Hudglns, 10-year old Caruthersville boy, was killed Thursday when he walked In front of tn automobile. Ho was hit by a car rtpottenly driven by Hooper Ben Baker, 39, and wa.i on his way to tchool when the accident occurred.