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FRIDAY, DECEMBER 10, 1954 BLYTHEVILLE (ARK.) COURIER NEWS PAGE MINE REI/IEW *«•> FORECAST Farmers Urged To Vote on Quotas Tfie choice before cotton farmers when they vote next Tuesday, Defcember 14, on marketing quotas essentially is whether or not they warit 90 per cent of 50 per cent of parity price support for the 1955 Stable Economy Is Seen in 1955 -At Least First Six Months of Year Look Sound COLUMBIA, Mo. — The economy is stable and expected to continue on an even keel through the first half of 1955, says Frank Miller. University of Missouri agricultural economist, in th.e annual agricultural outlook prepared here on the basis of reports by the Bureau of Agricultural . Economics, United States Department of Agriculture. The outlook for 1955 indicates overall business conditions about as they were in 1954, with prospects slightly less favorable for agriculture and more favorable for non-agriculture. Miller says the following facts confirm this outlook forecast. Wholesale prices have varied only 1 ! ,£ percent during the past two years and there is nothing in the outlook that suggests a pronounced upward or downward trend. Civilian employment has varied less than 1 percent since mid-January and there has been a slightly more than seasonal increase in recent weeks with both hourly and weekly earnings higher than they were a year ago. Disposable income at a $254 billion annual rate is running 1 percent higher than it was a year ago. Also, the index of industrial production has moved horizontally throughout 1954 betwen 123 and 125 percent of the 1947-49 average. In September, it was .124 and. the trend was slightly upward. The gross national product — a comprehensive measure of the value of all goods and services produced — has remained steady throughout 1954. Steady Buying: According to Miller, some of the I-ctors that practically guarantee Mat there will be no'rapid decline in business activity are as follows: Steady buying in retail stores has brought inventories down 4 percent during the past year. Manufacturing capacity has increased 4 percent in 1954. Many more billions have gone into equipment for air lines, bus and truck lines, railroads, electric power plants, municipal water systems, sewage disposal plants, hard surfaced roads and other utilities. Textile output is 3 percent above the June low and gaining. Steel production, which dipped below 62 percent of capacity a few weeks ago. Is up to 75 percent and can be expected to remain high until new car models crowd show rooms. Tli* output of television sets is at the highest level since January, 1953. Coal production is. 20 percent above the 1954 low. The construction industry is moving 8 percent above 1953 activity. New orders to industry are running 10 percent above the January low. These are other factors Miller lists that help prevent a severe business decline. However, Miller says the situation in agriculture is less promising than in other Industries. But the decline In farm income and prices Is expected to be at a slower rate than that in the last three years. Prices Decline Farm commodity prices declined from an Index of 258 in May to 242 in October, or 6.2 percent. Prices paid by farmers went down from an Index of 284 to 278, or 2.1 percent, in the same period, The parity ratio dropped from 91 to 87. On October 15, apples, cotton, milk, soybeans, hogs and wool were the only iarm commodities selling at 90 percent of parity or above. Cash receipts to farmers and income of industrial workers stay close together and 1955 payrolls will be high. Since 1947, the United States has added more than 15.6 million people. At present rates of consump- crop. A favorable vote on marketing quotas will make 90 per cent of parity supports mandatory for 1955 under the stockpiling provisions of existing legislation. Price at Stake In emphasizing the importance of the referendum, J. P. Ross, president of the Missouri Cotton Producers Association, said here today, "It's not a matter of voting on acreage controls, as cotton allotments will be in effect next year even though quotas are disapproved. "The important consideration is that the outcome of the referendum will determine whether price supports will be continued at the current level of 90 per cent of parity or dropped approximately $70 per bale to a level of 50 per cent of parity." Two-Thirds Must Approve Ross points out that at least two- thirds of the cotton farmers voting must approve marketing quotas if they are to be eligible for 90 per cent of parity support on the 1955 crop. If more than one-third of the votes, are against quotas, the price support level automatically drops to .50 per cent of parity. "This is a decision that will affect every cotton grower and the entire economy of Southeast Missouri. That's why it's so important that each and every cotton farmer BIG TRACTOR ORDER — Missco Implement Co., delivered one of the largest single tractor orders known, in this area yesterday morning when L. Berry and Son Farms of Holland got . - ',„-'* i "*........' ~.A....~~ *. .... '„ these li John Deere tractors. Mr. Berry now has a fleet of 19 John Decres. AH of these have power steering. Annual Missouri Extension Meeting Comes to Conclusion COLUMBIA, Mo.— The 1954 An- that each and every cotton larrner , ( Exten5ion Cori fe reDC e cast his ballot on December 14. _,„ „,„„,„,,„,, „„,.„ vesterdav. Luke Ross stressed. All farmers who grew cotton in 1954 will be eligible to vote in the referendum. Whether the vote Is favorable or unfavorable, no price support will be available on cotton for the farmer who overplants his cotton allotment. All cotton farmers are urged to contact their respective County Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation Committees for the names and locations of the polling places. Tunnel Surveyed AOMORI, Japan (ff)— Japan may build a tunnel between Honshu and Hokka'ido, where a ferry capsized in September typhoon with a loss of 1,000 lives. The National Railway Corp., which operates a ferry service between the two big Japanese islands ,has set aside funds for a thorough survey. The tunnel would be about 22 miles long. tion, Miller says the annual increase in need for farm commodities Is 83 million dozens of eggs, 171 million pounds of beef and veal, 10 million pounds of lamb and mutton, 176 million pounds of pork, 1,720 million pounds of milk, 75 million pounds of dressed chicken, 7.9 million bushels of wheat and vast quantities of fruits, vegetables and many other farm commodities. was concluded here yesterday. Luke M. Schruben, assistant administrator of the Federal Extension Service, and J- W. Burch. director of the Missouri Extension Service, were the speakers appearing at the final meeting. Schruben, in his talk to the extension personnel, reviewed the 40 years that extension work has been done and the progress that agriculture has made during that period. "Step by step science has Increased man's efficiency," he said, .'lengthened his life span, provided him with a more adequate diet, reduced sickness and malnutrition and raised his standards of living." He noted that much of this change has been brought about by research and education through the and the land-grant college system USDA. Through cooperatively developed programs it has helped people apply the findings of science on farms, in homes and in market places, he said. "While farm folks have benefited first, the programs of extension education have reached out to non- farm folks where it has made avail- sea] Fre , able nigh quality food at all sea-1 j' lf sons and at'reasonable cost," he met ( e ol . said. Schruben went on to outsine some of the problems facing farmers as a result of these changes brought about in 40 years of advancement and to relate the county afent's role in today's agriculture. "The county extension worker who once sought an audience Is today struggling with the problem of adequately servicing those who seek his help, guidance and assistance," Schruben said. And in mentioning county extension workers' obligations, he said that as members of the land-grant college-USDA team, everyone in the Cooperative Extension Service has a part in one of the biggest jobs this nation has to offer. "Simply put," he said, "that role is to help people put the findings of science to work." Farm people, marketing people and the consumer are daily confronted with decision making—they want and expect sound information upon which to base decisions, he said. In a complex economy such as ours, information has to be given with precision to meet situations and problems and it is the extension worker's job to see that the farmer gets such Information. MANY MONIKERS After "pricessing, rabbit fur, depending on jts quality, may be known ns coney, lapin, French seal, French beaver, ermiline, near lar seal, marmotine, erm- Inette or squirrellne. Protect Your Machinery With STRONGBARN GALVANIZED CORRUGATED STEEL ROOFING AND SIDING Cresoted Poles and Posts Rough Lumber 2. C. ROBINSON LUMBER GO. , Blvlhevlll* .Ark. BUTANE FOR Better Engine Power More Power. No carbon or crankcase oil dilution, Reduces Repairs, Longer Life and still more economical than any fuel on the market. Too it is a better fuel— "No Tax Problem." Buy A new LP Gas Tractor. Have your present Tractor, Cotton Picker and Combines Converted to burn Butane Gas. Century Gas Carburclion has proven better and cheaper in operation. It makes a neat installation. Ask your implement Dealer about Butane or contact us for Detailed Information. Weis Butane Gas Co. CENTURY DISTRIBUTORS Hiway 61 Forlh — B'y'Sv'IK .\rk.— Phone 3-3 Read Courier News Classified Ads Drouth Stabilized Banks of Ditches Normal Seepage, Shifting Has Not Been So Evident The drouth during the past two years has resulted In a prolonged low stage of rivers and the complete drying of many perennial streams and ditches, says H. H. Krusekopf of the University of Missouri department of soils. This condition has had a market effect on stabilizing ditch banks and stream channels. It is characteristic fpr the banks of large drainage ditches to slump and cave, Krusekopf points out nnci during normal seasons, when the ground Is well supplied with moisture, there la n lateral movement of the underground water to ditches. This causes seepage, usually near the bottom of the ditch. The wet soil gives way, causing the overlying soil to slump and cave, thus filling and widening ditches, This condition Is most severe where the lower subsoil Is .sandy as sand is a reservoir and permits lateral water movement. According to Krusekopf, since 1953 the soil has become dry to a depth of five or more feet and seepage in ditch banks has disappeared. The banks have remained stable and nre covered with vege- NewVarietiesNot Always the Best Green Crops Show Old Friends Are Sometimes Best FAYETTEVILLE — N«w Vsrie- jties nre not nhviiys Improvments over the oW. standard ones; at least not In the C«SB of spinach nnd other greens .crops. Thnt hns been shown by horticulturists on Uie University of Arkansas' Agrl- oullural Experiment Station staff. New and old varieties of turnips, mustard, kalo. spinach, and collards have been tested for greens production in experimental plols at the Arkansas Valley Vegetable Station, at Van Buren, during the pcrin;! from 1949 through 1954. In almost every case, the new variety has not proven as well adapted as the old ones, according to Dr. John L. Bowers, associate horticulturist, who directed the work. Henry H. Vose, Junior horticulturist in charge of the Substation, conducted the trials. In spinach, for example, such new varieties as America and Domino have not yielded as well as the standard varieties old Dominion. Olant Nobel, or Bloomsdale Savoy L. 8., Dr. Bowers points out. However, Hlcurl spinach has produced as well as the old varieties and Its growth Is more up- right, which would facilitate mechanical harvesting. Not many new varieties of turnips, mustard, kale, or collards have been Introduced during the period covered by these trials. In the case of kale, the new variety Tall Green Curled Scotch has not yielded as well,as Dwarf Siberian, 'lie variety now generally grown in the Arkansas Valley. The new collards variety, Vales, has given as good yields as the old varieties Georgia and Louisiana Sweet, and plants o! Vales are more uniform In giowin habit than plants of the other varieties. As a result of these trials, Dr. Bowers suggests that Arkansas vegetable growers select from the following varieties in planning their greens production: ghogoln and Purple Top White Qlobe turnips: Tendergreen and Fordhook Fancy mustard; Siberian .Kale; Old Dominion, Virginia Savoy, Ol- ant Noble, Dloomsdale Savoy and Hlcurl spinach; and Vales and Georgia collards. VOLUMINOUS WATERFALL Guayra Falls, at the. head of navigation on the Parana River, In South America, has the greatest volume of water of any of the world's major falls. They thunder over a preclpleco three miles broad and more than 100 feet high, divided Into 18 separate cataraota by rocky islands. Its waters than boll and foam through a deep, narrow canyon lor 35 miles. tation. In the lowlands of southeastern Missouri, in the brand River valley and elsewhere where there are many miles of drainage ditches, stabilization of ditch banks has resulted In greatlv reduced maintenance and redredflng costs. Whether or not banks will remain stable after the soils regain normal moisture conditions has not been determined. A different condition applies to the banks ol natural streams In other ports of the state. Here the prolonged low stage, or the absence ol water, permitted vegetation — weeds, shrubs and trees — to grow profusely on banks and even in the bed of the channel. Tho vegetation reduces the capacity of the stream. It collects sediment, particularly on the banks. In place of stream bonk erosion, there Is bank aggrading nnd this may make overflowing general. The absence of Hooding water tond« to « deteriorated channel. Krusekopf says. Tho removal of shrubs and trees and, in some oases, dredging, will be needed to restore channels to their former capacity. It is thus evident that the drouth has had both beneficial.and injurious effect on ditches and streams. This effect is difficult to evaluate and its significance may not be apparent for several years or until streams regain normal flow. Now that you've seen them all... you can judge why the The only car design that has won 30 outstanding awards Built by Stud«bah*r-Packard Corporation ...world's 4th laracit full-lln. producer •f cart and (rwckt Now that you've seen virtually all the 1955 cars, you know the low Studebaker silhouette Is the aim of most car designers. But Studebaker has tone even'morc distinctive for 1955-wlth lines and looks that again are easily a year ahead In •mart- ness. Increaied power and performance, too. New low- level competitive prlcet. Check up now at your nearby Studebaker dealcr't. • Studebaker... so much better made ...worth more when you trade! CHAMBLIN SALES COMPANY Phone 3-6888 Railroad & Ash Street* OLIVER SUPER 55! New champion of the low, compact tractor classl Outclasses all tractors of its typo. Built to the dimensions you want— 50J4-inch hood height, 73-inch wheel base, 28-inch renr tires, tread adjustable from 48 to 76 inches. AU the speeds you need—aix forward, including a new super low of only 1 Yi miles per hour. Independently controlled PI'O with reversible shaft to operate any machine. More power and features—pulls a 3-bottom piow in most soil« . . . choice of gasoline or full dienel engine . . . double-disc brakes . . . internal hydraulic system and 3-point hitch. COOK) in and got all the fact*. FARMERS IMPLEMENT CO. 900 N. 6th Phone 3-8166 330,000 BUSHELS OF FEDERAL LICENSED PUBLIC STORAGE Will Soybeans Be Higher This Winter? ... IF YOU THINK SO. YOU CAN STORE THEM AT Farmers Soybean Corp. Buyers and Warehousemen of Soybeans and all Farm Grains We Pay TOP PRICES Everyday tor Soybeans and Combine Milo. We also carry complete lines of fall seeds. FARMERS SOYBEAN CORP. Broadway & Hutson Srs. Blytheville, Ark. Phone 3-8191 "The Home or Sudden Service" USED TRACTORS MOST ALL MAKES and MODELS Wt have the tractor for you! Com* in today and have a took. 61 IMPLEMENT CO. "Th« Farmer'i Horn* of Satisfaction" N. Highway fil Ph.