PAGE EIGHT BLYTHRVIU.E (ARK.T COURIER FRIDAY, MAT 18, MW REVIEW *« FORECAST On Forms Weather May Mean More Mexican Labor in Cotton Fields By HAROLD IIABT LITTLE ROCK (AP) — Unless these deluging rains change things, at least two East Arkansas counties plan to double their import of Mexican labor. At this time of the year, the "wetbacks"-so called because they swim or wade across the Rio Grande River into the United States—give the government a fit. Planters In Craighead and Pom- sett Counties plan to bring in nearly 3,000 Mexican laborers to cbop a record-breaking cotton crop. But that is a legal operation based on terms of a U. S-Mexico labor contract and the government doesn't frown on It. It is those that come into the country illegally, however, which perplex authorities. The influx is greatest in Southern California and Western Arizona, rich fruit arid grain areas. A reported 66,000 were sent back to Mexico last month from those two sections. Arkansas planters seem to be plagued yearly with a labor shortage and the Mexicans appear to be about the only answer. The government has encouraged expansion of the program in which farmers bring in the Mexican nationals legitimately and pay them prevailing wages. More Lean Meat The changing ways of the American housewife have forced a revamping of hog raising. Modern cooking fats are preferred by women and consequently lard has fallen into disuse. That means farmers now must raise hogs that lean more toward meat content than lard, to meet demand for pork products. The average hog raiser has been looking with a wary eye at the Department of Agriculture's new system of grading hogs. They aren't sure what it holds for them. The new grades are Choice No. 1, Choice No. 3, Choice No. 3, Medium and Cull. They are aimed at gauging trua hog value. Howard G. Ford, swine and meats specialist with the Agricultural Extension Service, say there is no cause for alarm, but he does advise hog feeders to study the situation. Ford sees no need o! changing breeds. He figures that use of the new grades should result In better distribution of money paid for hogs. That Is more money would go to the producer of properly finished hogs and less to the raiser of over-fat hogs. Choice No. 1 hogs are slaughter hogs with the minimum finish re- cuta. Choice No. 2 hogs are slaughter hogs producing high quality pork but slightly over-fat and yielding carcass cuts that required to produce high-quality pork quire heavier trimming. Choice No. 3 hogs are hogs that are decidedly over-fat. Sometimes It's Awful Some days the farmer can't make a dime... Those, days have been the rule rather than the exception of late. In the majority of counties, It simply has been too wet for farmers to get into the fields. The rice fields of Lonoke and Cross counties and the East Arkansas Delta are notable examples. The Federal-State Crop Reporting Service says only about half of the Arkansas cotton crop has been planted. The cool weather coming with the rain has slowed germination of cotton already planted. Heavy replanting of cotton is expected in many areas. The Agency says fall sown oats is heading, the strawberry harvest has reached the peak in the White County and Crawford-Sebastian areas, hut peak volume has not been reached in Searcy County. The peach crop continues to make good progress and the rain ha» been a boon to pastures, resulting in cattle making good gains. SIDELIGHTS: The llth annual Lee County Junior Livestock Show and Sale will be held tomorrow (Thursday) at the Eastern Arkansas Livestock -sale barn at Marianna...more than 08 Arkansas counties produce wheat as indicated by a climb in the state's wheat acreage from 27,000 in 1951 to 50,000 In 1853... Northwest Arkansas will fiend its farm youth to the University of Arkansas' Main Experiment Station at Fayetteville Friday and Saturday for the annual Study Days. On Missco Farms Count? Agent Keith I. Blllirej When to Plant Cotton When Roy Davis from Promised Land came in this morning and asked me for my recommendations on when to plant cotton, I suggested that next year might be all right. I believe that the University Experiment Stations say that May 20 is a good time to quit planting cotton In this area and that cotton planted after June 1 is very much of a gamble. In 1S51 about 40 per cent of this county's cotton did not come up until after June 7. It made a beautiful crop during the summer but you will remember that the November 1 freeze destroyed much of the late cotton. I received a quotation from State College, Mississippi, this morning which said, "Cotton can be replanted where necessary as late as June 1 with the prospect of yields as high as a bale per acre, if all recommended practices are followed, according to T. M. Waller, cotton specialist with the Mississippi Extension Service." Remember that we do not have quite as long a growing season as they. If I were farming and free to plant as I pleased. I think I would shift from cotton to soybeans about May 25. Early Cotton Varieties Several fanners are now asking what varieties of cotton mature the quickest. In a report by the Agricultural Experiment Station on East-Central Arkansas Cotton Variety Tests for 1952, the author said, "The better varieties among those considered early are: D&PL Pox, Empire WR, Paymaster 54, and E4-270." I am not familiar with the last two varieties and know nothing about seed sources at the moment. In the variety tests at Osceola last year 73 per cent of the D&PL Fox total yield was picked at first picking, September 11. For D&PL 15, 65 per cent of the total yield was picked at at first picking on the same date. 79 per cent of the Empire WR was picked at first picking and George Kale's D&PL 33 was one point below D&PL Fox with 7.2 per cent of total yield picked at first picking. We.'ither Conditions May Make a Difference Actually, there seems to be very little difference in maturity in different varieties In some, years. For Instance, in 1951 Dr: L. M. Humphreys ran a cotton maturity chart tit Scott, Arkansas, and listed the number of days It took for 15 different varifities to open 100 per qent. That year and under the Scott, Arkansas conditions, the variation was only between 156 days and 163 days for all varieties. Delta Pino Fox was the earliest with 156 days, George Halo's DPL 33 took 158 clays, Delta Pine 15 took 159 days, and Stoncvllle 2B and Dclfos 91G9 took 163 clays. State Plant Board Change After July 1, 1953, the State Plant Board will charge $1.00 for testing ;he germination of cotton and soy- jean seed. In the past there has been no charge for this service. Fertilizer Placement You folks who broadcast nitrogen fertilizer or mixed goods with an Easy-Flow,—how Is the stand of ;rass in the middles and all over Lots of Time to Play NOW! Youngsters need the companionship and attention of a loving mother . . . someone to have fun and play with through these important formative years. That's why many young mothers prefer to send their laundry to us, to have more hours of fun and relaxation with the children . . . trusting our reputation for beautiful, t sanitary wash. LAUNDRY - CLEANERS Cotton Classing Forms Are Ready Farmers Should Form Groups, Apply For Service Now Aplication forms for group membership In the 1953 Smtth-Doxey Program have been delivered to all county agents, Howard C. Etheridge, chief of Blythevllle Classing Office, said today. Farmers who wish to Join cotton improvement groups and avail themselves of free classing and market quotation service should not waste any time, Mr. Etheridge stated. They should join a group as soon as possible. After they're In a group the elected group leader will make one application, covering ail group meniT bers. He will send it to the cotton classing oflice at Blytheville. Under the Smith-Doxey Act, it was explained, any group of farmers organized to promote improvement of cotton, which adopts a single variety, files an application, arranges for sampling and meets certain other requirements, is eligible to take part. No fees are involved. Members then get their, cotton classed free by the U. S. Department or Agriculture at local classing offices. For this territory Blythevllle Is the classing point. After classing, a green card on each bale is returned to the farmer. This, plus the market news service, gives him a definite advantage in trading, for he knows exactly what he's selling and how much it is worth. NOTICE Notice Is hereby given that the undersigned has filed with the Commissioner of Revenues of the State of Arkansas for permit to sell and dispense beer at reltall on the premises described as 411 W. Ash, Blytheville, Mississippi County. The undersigned states that he Is , a citizen of Arkansas, of good moral character, that he has never been convicted of a felony or other crime involving moral turpitude; that no license to sell beer by the undersigned has been revoked within five years last past and that the undersigned has never.been con- victed of violating the laws of this state, or any other state, relative to the sale of alcoholic liquors. Application is for permit to be issued for operation beginning on the 1 day of July, 1953, and ,to expire on the 30 day of June, 1954. Harvard Bevill, Applicant Subscribed and sworn to before me this 14 day of May 1053. Elizabeth Mason, Notary Public My Commission expires: 4-26-54 Read Courier News Classified Ads. WARNING ORDER In the Chancery Court, Chickasawba Dicjrlct, Mississippi County, Arkansas. Earl Gann Jr., Ptf. vs. No. 12,398 Roberta N. Gann, Dft. The defendant, Roberta N. Gann, is hereby warned to appear' within thirty days in the court named in the caption hereof and answer the complaint oj the plaintiff, Earl Gann Jr. Dated this 23rcf day of April, 1953. Geraldine Listen, Clerk By Laverne Ball, D. C. Claude V. cooper, atty. tot ptf. Ed B. Cook, atty. ad litem. WARNING ORDER Lawrence L. Everett and Margaret H. Everett, his wile, are warned to appear in the Chancery Court for the Chickasawba District of Mississippi 6ounty, Arkansas, to answer & complaint filed agsinst them by Blytheville Federal Savings at Loan As-» sociation, within thirty days from the date hereof. DatecJ thii JOth day of April, 1953. 'Geraldine Listen, clerk Marcus Evrard, atty, for ptf. 511-8-15-23 the place? That question may be brutal but it emphasizes recommendations we have made that we would like to see nitrogen fertilizers In the bed or under the row. Dr. W. B. Andrews in Mississippi was quoted recently, "Mixed fertilizers are much more efficient when applied In a bed than when broadcast. Even though phosphorus and potash are usually applied before planting, deficiencies of these ele- menUs may be corrected by side dressing PROVIDED they are applied 4 to G inches deep in the root zone." Shallow applications are not so profitable and they are not recommended. Founded in 1825 by Lothnire, grandson of Charlemagne, the University of Pavia, Italy, is the world's oldest Institution of learning. VALUES IN EXTRA GOOD If you're late getting your crop in you'll need an "extra tractor to get that planting done in a hurry. MISSCO has a good supply of extra good used tractors at LOW, LOW IMPLEMENT COMPANY ISSC ERFORMANCE! ! LONG LIFE! 4-Mhy Proof ttet bolfer -for bolkryou can't iezt Q Pontiqc Good Drivers Drive Safe Cars Check Your Car—Check Accident* Here's how to prove Pontiac value: First, get behind the wheel and drive It—see how Pontiac puts you out in front in traffic, skims you along the open road with surprising economy; how its big, husky high-compression engine provides power to spare. Next, take a good long look at its distinctive styling and Its luxurious color-matched interiors. .. Consider, also, Pontiac's reputation for unsurpassed dependability, long-range economy and high resale value. Finally, compare its low price—so low, in fact, that if you can afford any new car you can afford a Pontiac. Why not come In and see for yourself? A GENERAL MOTORS MASTERPIECE NOBLE GILL PONTIAC, INC. 5th & Walnut BlytHeville, Ark.
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