The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on December 10, 1954 · Page 1
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 1

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Friday, December 10, 1954
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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OF NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. L—NO. 219 Blytheville Courier Blytheville Daily News Mississippi Valley Leader Blytheville Herald BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, FRIDAY DECEMBER 10, 195-1 TWELVE PAGES Published Daily Except Sunday SINGLE COPY FIVE CENTS U N Presses For Vote On Airmen Diplomats See Strong Support For Resolution UNITED NATIONS, N. Y. (AP) — The U. N. Assembly pushed for a vote today on demands by the United States and its 15 Korean War Allies that Red China yield up 11 American airmen held as spies. Western diplomats predicted at least 45 of the 60 member states would rally behind the call. Weary delegates prepared to resume debate on the resolution aft- or two meetings yesterday, the second lasting until nearly midnight. Hopeful of clearing up the item before the Assembly goes into Its final scheduled week, they planned to remain in session until they reach a ballot on tlie 16-power resolution condemning imprisonment of the men and calling on Secretary General Dag Hammarskold to work for their release. Delegates anticipated the resolution would encounter opposition only from the five-nation Soviet bloc, which has fought it bitterly. A scattering of Arab-Asian states were expected to abstain. Apprehension Seen Observers believed the resolution could have mustered 55 favorable votes if it had not included condemnation of Red China. This caused apprehension among Arab- Asian nations with little desire to go on record denouncing Peiping. Syria reflected this feeling in yesterday's debate. Her chief delegate, Ahmed Shukairi, said that he favored the speedy release of the airmen but saw little point in denouncing the Chinese if the Assembly sincerely wanted to win the Americans freedom. Russia's Jacob Malik spearheaded the bitter Soviet bloc attack, angrily denouncing the conv plaint as "shameful." He declared the Assembly had no right to try to intervene in Chinese justice. He hinted the Communists would ignore any action the United Nations might take. U. S. Chief Delegate Henry Cabot Lodge Jr. accused Malik of making hollow, misleading statements in charging the airmen were spies. He declared the plane was on a legitimate mission and that the men, as uniformed military personnel, should be handed over at once under the terms of the Korean armistice. Malik Pitied Both British Minister of State Anthony Nutting and France's Henri Hoppenot firmly backed Lodge's stand. Nutting said he pitied Malik for having to come before the Assembly with such a weak case and for being placed in the position of having to read out a "tissue of palpable falsehoods." The Western Big Three have, been pounding hard at Russia's repeated attempts to throw out the case on the contention that only Chinese volunteers took par in he Korean conflict and therefore Pei- ping is not bound by the armistice. The Western Powers said an official Peiping representative signed the armistice agreement and China's Premier-Foreign Minister Chou En-lai represented the Chinese side at the Geneva conference last June. Work on Toys for Needy- Six members of the Trades and Industry class at Blytheville High School check over a group of used toys they are repairing for the annual Kiwanis-Jaycee Christmas party for underpriviliged children. The toys were collected by the Jaycees and Kiwanians'and will be given to underpriv- iliged children at the party which will be held In the Jaycee club room Dec. 24. Members at tha T&I classes and the school's Future Farmers of America chapter are repairing broken toys for the party. (Courier News Photo) Officials of the Junior chamber of Commerce and the Kiwanis Club today made a final appeal for additional used or broken toys as they, planned to wind up their drive tomorrow. Trucks will canvass the city tomorrow and persons saving toys to donate to the drive should place them on their porches and they will be picked up, a drive spokesman said. Toys of any description or for children of any age are needed. Drive officials urged Blytheville residents to check their children's playthings for toys no longer used or in need of repair for donation tc the drive. "It doesn't make too much difference how badly they are broken," an official of the drive said, "if they are repairable we can use them." Controversial Clemency Acts Defended by Lt. Gov. Gordon LITTLE ROCK (AP) — Lt. Gov. Nathan Gordon today defended his controversial clemency activities by saying, "If I think I am justified in commuting a sentence, I am going to act on it." The lieutenant governor said that "in nearly all the cases where I have taken action I have done so upon the recommendation of the local law enforcement officials. Asked for comment on his re- quent policy of commuting sentences without consulting the state Parole Board, he said: "As a general rule I don't think I ought to by-pass the Parole Board, but if they are tied up in political differences, I think I ought to act." "Bound to Differ" When he was asked to explain his reference to "political differences" on the state Parole Board, he said he meant merely that there are seven men on the Parole Board and they "are bound to have their differences." The lieutenant governor became that I take action on anything when I am acting governor, but I believe Gathings Seeks Cotton Man On State ASC WASHINGTON !.?! — Rep. E. C. G T /'in2S <O-Avki wants the U. S. Agriculture Department to make certain that one member of the three-man Arkansas State Agricultural stabilization and conservation Committee is a cotton man. The congressman said yesterday that he had asked the department in a letter to either retain A. C. Spellings of West Ridge on the committee, or appoint another cot-j Military Budget For '55 May Be Increased-Wilson CHICAGO f/Pi—Secretary of De- If-nse Wilson said last night military spending in 1954 was reduced almost three billion dollars but because of the need lov new weapons the estimated 1955 budget of $29 T €00,000,000 may be raised to 34 billions. He told the Illinois Manufacturers Assn. more and more military spending would go toward planes that will fly faster and higher and carry heavier loads. But, he said, armed might alone won't solve world problems and the United States must understand the importance of getting along with other free peoples. the target of a wave of protest recently over furloughs he has granted and extended to Arkansas convicts and sentences he has commuted while he was acting governor in the absence of Gov. Francis Cherry. Gordon made his statements at a news conference here. He said it wasn't necessary Judge Rules: You Cant Shoot Santa SPRINGFIELD. Ohio Wl—You can't shoot Santa Claus in Springfield. If anyone dared, he would be tried before a jury consisting entirely of children. That's the unofficial ruling of Acting Municipal Judge Orville Wear following an advertisement in the Springfield Daily News and Sun. The ad in the help wonted classified section said: "I will shoot Santa Claus if I don't find something to do." Reporters here called the number listed in the ad and talked to Huce E. Wilson, 40-year-old book-binder. Wilson said he had been laid off work through the Christmas holidays. He wants to earn some money to brighten his family's Christmas. Since inserting his ad, Wilson said, he has received two calls pleading for Santa's life. Both begged, "Please don't dn it." One of the unidentified callers suggested he go to the North Pole "and I'm sure Santa will give you a job." I should give consideration to these matters that come to me and that I should act." Asked by a reporter if there was any reason why many controversial clemency cases landed on his desk, he said: Not Bound "Maybe it is because they know I do not feel bound by the Parole Board. Or, if they know that I am more friendly to them. It is natural that they would come to me." He said there had been no agreement between him and any gover nor as to who would handle particular pleas for clemency. Specific cases cited by Gordon In answer to charges that he has abused executive clemency powers include: John Bailey, a. convicted rapist See GORDON on Page 5 20 Drown in Storm TEHRAN. Iran HP) — A Persian Gulf storm capsized a steamer near the port of Bushlre Wednesday and 20 persons drowned, the newspaper Kehan reported. Ex-Officials Indicted In Phenix City Murder PHENIX CITY, Ala. (AP) — A prosecuting attorney ""•he^s^rep^roa^ingsland a former sheriff's deputy who rose to pewer during the e had heard that spellings j racketeering heyday in Phenix City have been indicted as the killers of the man whose crusade against vice had won the approval of Alabama voters. said he might be replaced by a man from the state's rice area. The other two members are W. L. Jameson of Magnolia and John E. Ellis of Fayetteville. One of the three will be replaced, but Gain- ings said the department has made no decision as to which of the three will go. He said the department agreed, however, that-cotton growers should be represented on the committee. Among other things, the commit- Circuit Solicitor Arch Ferrell and former Chief Deputy Sheriff Albert Puller were held without bond on first - degree murder charges for the slaying June 18 of Atty. Gen. -nominee A. L. Patterson, Neither indictment said which of the two men the state contends fired three .SB-caliber shots into tee has a big hand in allocating Patterson's body. Under Alabama cotton acreage under federal production controls. Russian Church in Line MOSCOW Iff',— Th Russian Orthodox Church appealed today in the government newspaper Izves- tm for Christians of the world to support Soviet proposals lor a European security system. The appeal criticised Western plans to rearm West Germany. law a murderer and an accomplice are equally guilty and can be put to death tn the electric chair. A third unidentified defendant was indicted with Ferrell and Puller yesterday by the same grand jury which had smashed the vice empire that reigned here for many years. An official source close to the grand Jury snid the third man was Indicted as an accessory alter the Patterson slaying. Ferrell, 37, was described by Patterson and his associates as the "brains" of the Phenix City political organization, and Fuller, 35 was denounced by vice prosecutors as the "master." Acting Atty. Gen. Bernard Sykes said he hopes to start the trials early In January. Patterson's crime-fighting career ended the night of June 18 when a gunman waylaid him in an alley outside his law ofice here. He had won the democratic nomination for attorney general In u bitterly contested runof primary June 1. Gamblers had spent untold thousands trying to defeat him. In Birmingham, a grand jury found evidence of vote manipulation In an effort to count alter- son out of the race. atterson had announced only » few hours before hla death that he .would testify before the mingham Jury. , Bir- Dr. Salk Reports New Evidence Supports Vaccine Knowledge May Show Way in Fight Against Cold, Flu NEW YORK Iff—Dr. Jonas E. Salk. of Pittsburgh, today reported new evidence that his polio vaccine can create powerful, long-lasting protection against polio. And he hinted that knowledge being learned In the polio work might show the way someday for Vaccines giving long-term protec- on against the common cold and influenza. His polio vaccine is made out of killed polio virus — killed for safety. Salk said he finds no reason to think that a vaccine made out of living virus, altered safety, would be better. The Salk vaccine was given to hundreds of thousands of children in a great test last summer. A scientific jury will announce about April 1 whether the vaccine was found actually to have prevented polio in children who got the shots Salk said the vaccine can create in a person's bloodstream, high amounts of antibodies against polio virus. Antibodies are chemical soldiers which can disarm living viruses. The key to preventing polio Is whether the fact of having anti bodies in the blood really does the job of protecting; against naturally invading Viruses. That Is the big question In the vaccine tests. Salk, in a prepared speech to the Association .for Research Nervous and Mental Diseases, sale that a vaccine containing live virus he couldn't agree with the idea would be more potent than a dead virus vaccine. Farm Storage Nears $7 Billion WASHINGTON {If}— Farm goods stored under the price support program now total nearly seven billion dollars, a record high. Reporting this yesterday, the Agriculture Department said fedcra investment in the surpluses as .0 Oct. 31 was »«,634,107,000 und more commitments since then h»ve pushed the figure close to the seven- billion mark. The amount was |4,M4,SOT,000 a year a«o. Dr. Sam Claims Innocence Tells His Story Of Murder Night From Stand BULLETIN CLEVELAND (AP) — Dr. Samuel Sheppard three times denied f rom the witness stand today the July 4 murder of hfs pregnant wife, Marilyn. CLEVELAND (AP) — A heavy hush filled the small courtroom today as Dr. Samuel Sheppard told how he repined consciousness on the 'loor outside his wife's bedroom the morning of July 4, then looked inside lo see her beaten and bloody. The osteopath hfld described how mystery assailant struck him down from behind when he'ran upstairs to answer his wife's screams for help. Sheppard said he could not say for sure whether there was n light in the house. "Now repeat in your own words what you saw and whnt you did," Corrigan said. Sheppard paused for n long moment. He looked straight ahead toward the far wall of the hushed courtroom. Then, in a slow, halting voice Sheppard said, "1 realized 1 hncl been hurt, and as I came to some sort consciousness I looked at my wife." Corrigan asked him what he saw. Apparently reaching for words, Sheppard said: Bad Condition She was in very bad condition. "She had been badiy beaten. I felt that she was dead. '1 was immediately [earful far Chip. I went Into Chip's room nnd in some way evaluated that he was all right. I don't know how I did It." Sheppard said he then heard a noise downstairs and Corrignn asked him to describe his emotions. 'I can't explain my emotions but I was stimulated to chn.se or hit whoever or whatever was responsible for what had happened." He said he went downstairs. "There I visualized a form," he said. The lawyer asked him where. "Between the front door of the house and the yard somewhere." Corrigan again asked him to describe his mental condition when h regained consciousness "from this attack." Sheppard paused nnd snid: "I was very confused—punchy in the language we use as slanu. I was stimulated or drawn to try to chase this person which I did." He said he went down the steps toward the beach, losing sight of "this person" on the way. "Was It dark." Corrigan asked. "Yes, sir," Sheppard replied. "But there was enough light so I could visualize this form." He said he went down the .stair way to the boat landing and then to the beach. "U was at this time," he said. "I had the feeling I could visualize H silhouette that was de.seribable.' 'I descended as rapidly as I could and I lunged at or grasped nt this individual. Whether I caught up with him or he watted for me I couldn't .say. "I felt I grasped an immovable object of some kind. Then I tclt a choking sensation or a twisting sensation. "That's all I can remember until I cnme to in the water." Corrigan asked him if he could describe the person with whom he struggled. Sheppard replied: "I felt it was a relativel:, large form In dark clothing. There w,is evidence of. a good-sized head .with a bushy appearance on the lop of the head." The defense attorney asked him where he was when he again regained consciousness and Sheppard said "I don't know exactly, but I was on the beach with my head toward the seawall. The waves were breaking over rne, moving the iower part my body." In a. significant, meaninRful voice, Corrigan asked, "Was It light now?" "It was light enough to see the breakwater," Sheppard responded. See SHEPPARD on Pace 5 Irresistible Demand' For Ike to Run Again Seen by Sen. AAillikin Big Three to Consult On Soviet Warning WASHINGTON (AP) — The United States, Britain and France will consult soon on a reply to Russia's latest note warning of a buildup in Communist military power to counter the proposed rearmament of West Germany. Washington officlnls feel the note does not really foreshadow a new Red military buildup, but tlml It bus some propaganda purposes. The note, given to Hie., three Western Powers in Moscow last night, said, "The Soviet Union find other peace-loving countries will cnrry out nil necessary measures to step up their armaments and to safeguard their security." Standard Policy It also said that making West Germany a partner in the Western European defense system and a member of the North Atlantic Alliance would render the unification of Germany Impossible. Both statements reflect the standard Soviet policy line which was developed almost a year ago sit the Berlin Big Four conference and in a subsequent scries of notes to Washington, London ami Purls. For propaganda purposes, the new Soviet Warning Is assumed here to be aimed at creating popular uneasiness and political division over the German rearma- ment Issue In both Prance and West Germany. As to an increase in the strength of Eastern European forces, it has always been assumed here that the forces In being were about as large as the Communists could maintain and fur greater than they needed for purely defensive purposes. No Ititdicat Chnngc Seen The belief of officials here is that Soviet government lenders are resigned to the rearmament of West Germany and that they will not in fact take any radical new measures either to oppose it or to try to offset iLs effect once it Ls actually achieved. These officials believe that what Is happening in the brood, picture Is the hardening of a kind of military stalemate between East nnd West. They think this may result in a power balance that wl last for years with each side e crclsing rensovmble restraint on the use of its forces to avoid the devastations of nn atomic war. Soviet Bloc Unity May Be Loosening By JAMES D. WHITE AP Staff \Vrller It took the Soviet press 12 days to endorse Red China's sentencing of 13 Americans on spy charges. Seldom has Moscow waited so long to back up an action by its Asian partner. Moscow , could scarcely have done less without appearing to disapprove, thus shaking the concept of Communist unity around the world, but there Is no assurance it hasn't been badly shaken, In view of Russia's theme of promoting "peaceful coexistence" with the non-Communist world. The Chinese action could not have bpen much better designed to make Americans shy away from the whole idea. Several Answers Why should Peiping after tooting '-lie coexistence horn at Moscow's elbow, commit, an act making coexistence le.ss likely? There nrc probably several answers, but an important one lies in UIL Chine.se poliitc-al character and habit of thought, China's most persistent political concept is .summed up in "YuriK yang (n yang," which tran.slHtc.s roughly: "Use barbarians lo smite bar- bai'ian.s." H (lutes ironi ancieni times when all non-Chtncsc were barbarian* The cultured rulers of China quickly learned these barbarians could he used to fiKht China's battles lor her, a^rURst one another. The idea i.s found in countle.s.s Chinc.se novels, dramas, operas and folktales. the kind Red China's boss Mao Tze-timg was brought up on. H underlies the Chinese altitude toward all foreign affairs—to let othfjr.s do the fighting or rjuarrdluK while you sit hack ami wail for them to weaken each other. Alter tb;U you .step in and run things. The idea nuUirally involves more than exploiting anlagoni.sms. H means keeping antagonisms going HO they can be exploited—the olri trick of divide and rule. Formosa Plan PclpInK has been facing the pos> slbllity that Russia might talk herself into coexistence and that the United Stales could move In the n» me. direction. There also was talk In Washington of coming to some arrangement to "stabilize" the Pnrnio.su nrea to lessen war dangers. In that case Red China's Idea of acquiring Formosa might bo made more remote. Peiping evidently moved by in direction. It picked. »n issue guaranteed to Inflame American public opinion but unlikely to bring the United States to the point of war. Perhaps even more Importantly. It was an Issue Peiping could defend In Moscow, If need be, as an Internal Chinese affair. There are some st.nrtling Implications: 1. Peiping shows herself more interested In promoting East-West conflict (han concord. Perhaps it'? her way of keeping Russia nailer down a.s a source of supply. 2. Red China is lc.s.s Interested in becoming a member of the United Nations (her treatment of prisoners makes that remote) than in maintaining the antagonism!; that have prevented it. 3. Red China has revealed an apparent policy split, with Moscow It may not be the first, nor the last. The Chinese Communists no longer tire acting just like Com muni.'its. They are beginning to act | openly, like Chinese Communists j lending to communism the subtle I techniques of the world's most an i clcnt Imperialism. Water Recedes After Dublin's Worst Flood DUBLIN, Ireland IAP) — Thousands of persons moveci back into their damaged and mud covered houses today after the worst, flood in Dublin's history. Reds Doing Rush Job on Air Base In Red China TAIPEH. Formosa MV-Ovcr 30.000 men are working night and day building a big new Communist air base near the coast on the Red Chinese mainland which will threaten not only Formosa but also Okinawa, the Nationalist Defense Ministry said today. It located the new base, big enough to handle heavy bomber*. as 90 miles west of the Tachon Islands, 'M miles north of here and 430 mtlM wctt ot OUniwa. Rescue workers found the body of a 70-year-old woman, drowned in her bed. Streets that were river.s at midnight dried out by daylight antl Lord Mayor Alfred Byrne announced: "The peak point of fear is overcome." Across the British Isles light winds and wintry sun took the place of the raging gales that had haltered western Europe lor two weeks. Water Still High But high water still poured over river banks in almost every British county. Culldford In southern England had its first floods in 50 years alter the Wey River broke bounds. Water, snow and landslides blocked minor roads In 48 counties. Britain's two biggest rivers, the Severn and the Thames, both were above flood level and still rising. The Liner Queen Mary nulled Into Cherbourg, France, from New York with porthole glass shattered anti her first class dining room looded after battling Atlantic gales. More than 100 seamen were dead or missing In the two weeks oi gales. Frame Soaked Rain and high winds raged all over France during the night and early today. Swollen rivers flooded villages near Grenoble, 00 miles southeast of Paris. A 52-year-old cyclist drowned. The army used amphibious trucks to rescue families from flooded farmsteads In central Ireland. In County Athlone the Shannon River, usually 800 yards across, raged Into » torrent three miles wide. Red Cross workers tolled alongside soldiers, trcntlng rescued pco pie for shook and exhaustion. No Major Split In Party Ranks Is Expected WASHINGTON (AP) — Sen. Vlillikin (R-Colp) said today .hero already is an "irrcsi c t- ble demand" among Republicans for President Eisenhower :o become a candidate again n 1956. MilHkin. who heads the Conference of All GOP Senators, discounted in an, interview any major split in the party because of the attack by Sen. McCarthy (R-Wis) on the President—a view generally shared by other Republicans fmtl by some Democrats. "I don't expect any split in the Republican party and neither do I expect any third party movement,' 1 Millikln said. "There already is an irresistible demand thf»t the President be a candidate for another term and I don't think he can be beaten if he runs." McCarthy accused Eisenhower Tuesday of a "shrinking show of weakness" against Red China and blasted at the President for con- grfttulatlng Chairman Watkins (R- Utfih) of the committee which recommended McCarthy be censured. McCarthy said afterwards he plans to remain In the Republican party "at the present time." Tightening of Lines GOP National Chairman Leonard W. Hall sold yesterday a personal survey of Republican sentiment has convinced him that, as a result of the McCarthy criticism, "the President will find even greater unity and support among Republican members of both the Senate and House during the next two years." Millikin, who voted In favor of one count but against the final resolution approved by the Senate to condemn McCarthy's conduct, sold he agreed with Hall that there will be "a tightening and consolidation of Republican lines both in Congress and throughout the country during the next two years." Sen. Goldwater (R-Arlz), who opposed the Senate rebuke of McCarthy, said he doesn't foresee "any great split" in the GOP. Sen. Flanders (R-VT), who wrote the original censure resolution, said that Increased support for El- senhower among members of hia own party "would seem to me to be a normal result of the kind of attack the Junior senator from Wisconsin made." Quake Stirs City to Star In the East A slight earth tremor awakened many of BIythevlllc's residents around 6 o'clock this morning, hut apparently was not without its own peculiar blessing. Thanks to the quake, which rattled a few dishes and evidently little else, at least one citizen saw the "Star in the East." During parts of December astronomer* predicted, a brilliant Star in the Ewst would be visible over most of the United States. This morning, awakened by the quake. Mrs. R. P. Kirshner deckled that, on being awake, she would look for the star. She dashed to the window, threw back the curtain and there in the eastern sky saw the star which she described as being unusually radiant. A young father, who has noticed the star during "feeding hours" described it as the most brilliant he'd over seen. He said it is located, in the southeastern sky and pointed out that last night's crystal-clear atmosphere gave it an opportunity to come forth with a truly remarkable intensity. Weather ARKANSAS — Increasing cloudiness and warmer this afternoon and tonight. Saturday mostly cloudy and warmer with scattered showers. MISSOURI — Generally fair and warmer this afternoon; Increasing cloudiness and not as cold tonight; rain Saturday mixed with snow extreme north. Minimum this morning—39. Maximum yesterday^—52. Sunrise tomorrow—8:57. Sunset today—6:57. Sunset today—4;50, Mean temperature (midway between high nnd low—40.5. Precipitation last 24 hours to 7 a.m. —none. Precipitation J*n. 1 to this date — 32,34. This Date Lait Vow Maximum ynMorday—55, Minimum this morning—38. Precipitation January 1 *o dftto —

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