The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on April 2, 1956 · Page 8
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 8

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Blytheville, Arkansas
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Monday, April 2, 1956
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Page 8
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fAGE FOUKTEKf BLYTHEVILLE (ARK.) COURIER NEWS MONDAY, APRIL 1,19M Will Negro Vote Swing To GOP? Big Northern. Migration May be Key By BRUCE BIOSS.VT NBA Staff Correspondent CHICAGO — (NEA) — Nearly any morning, stand in the high-vaulted waiting room of Chicago's dingy Central Station and you will see part of the inflowing Negro tide that is remaking the city's social and political map in a continuing population revolution. As trains from the South roll in, migrants stream through the depot. Some come with promises of jobs and places to stay. Others, fortified with little more than train fare and the clothes they wear, have simply torn themselves from rural plantation life and come north to invite the big city's mercy. They are lured by hopes of better-paying jobs and freedom from the status they must occupy in the South. Estimates of the influx range as high as 2,500 a month, though conservative observers would scale the net gain to half that by balancing a certain outflow of Negroes against the incoming flood. In 1956 this swelling wave has lifted Chicago's Negro population toward the 700.000 mark. And, coupled with similar huge clusters 1 In such cities as New York, Philadelphia, Cleveland and Los Angeles, it poses a great political question mark: How will Negroes vote in a year that has seen the rekindling of racial tensions over the segregation issue? Since 1936 they have been voting heavily Democratic. Four years ago perhaps 75 to 80 per cent voted for Adlai Stevenson for President. They have identified their economic interests with the Democratic Party, and have steadily voted their-poclcetbooks. Today, however many Negroes in North and South alike are better off than a few years ago. President Eisenhower's leadership has not caused them to suffer. On lop of this, they have witnessed or been part of the great crisis in race relations growing out of the 1954 Su- prenw Court decision on segregation. In Chicago, many Negro leaders declare this issue has made deep Imprint on ordinary Negroes. They predict a substantial switch to the Republicans. Democrats don't believe it. A lot of Republican leaders don't, either. But some do, and they get support WILLIAM L, DAWSON: King in a tight-packed domain. from certain Negroes whose job Is to keep a close eye on changing patterns. These latter point out that a heavy northward trek followed the Emmett Till murder case in Mississippi, and a more than normal wave came in the wake of the Autherine Lucy riots at the University of Alabama. Many just packed a bag and caught the first train to Chicago. Said one veteran Negro pbserver: "I think there'll he a big Negro protest vote against the Democrats, rather than a vole FOR the Republicans. Many Negroes are disgusted with the Democratic Party. "They realize they're In somewhat the position they occupied in Ihe Republican Parly In the days before Franklin D. Roosevelt. They've had all their eggs in one basket. This time I think the Democrats will get nothing like the 80 per cent they won in 1952." A prominent Negro lawyer joined In: "I get the feeling Negroes are going to pay more attention hereafter to the politicians' .performance, and not so much to their promises." But the more conservative lore- casters believe most Negroes still are dominated by economic concerns. And, specifically In Chicago, they see them under the tight control of the city's powerful Negro congressman, William L. Dawson, Democrat. Dawson's political 'organization would excite the envy of an old- style boss. It is set up block by block. His workers know the city's established Negroes as friends and helpers. They meet and cultivate the thousands of newcomers with great efficiency and effect. Dawson Is king in this tight- packed domain. In his office on the South Side, he or his aides hold court for all troubled Negro folk. There they may find their con gressman, their state representa tive, or their alderman. Chicago's Negro community has spread south many miles, eastwarc to within a mile of Lake Michigan and now is fanning rapidly west ward from the Loop. Two decades ago Negroes lived in but 10 or 15 of the city's wards. Today they are found in some numbers in a least 40. As llic Neeroes fan out, they displace whites, some of them Repub- MANAGER WANTED $9,000 to $15,000 ANNUALLY OPPORTUNITY AVAILABLE National organization opening local office. Party seleclert wil! he placed In Owner-Manacer position. This Is a substantial business, well proven and earnine tremendous profits In several areas and states. Now opening here on exclusive basis. Can be handled by man or woman who has the the following qualifications. 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We make another grade of Mobilgas — new super compression Mobilgas Special, It's specially refined to meet the peak power demands of all 1956, '5$ and '54 super compression V8 cars. Further improved with new, gas-saving MC4 to give you even more power, even more miles per gallon! MAGNOLIA RKTROL.EUM OOIVI PA NY lican but more of them Democrats, who move either to the city's outer | reaches or the suburbs. Those who take to the suburbs often In time switch to Republican ranks. The effect Is to make Chicago proper seemingly more Democratic than ever, but the balance between city ana surrounding country nevertheless grows constantly more even with Republican suburban gains. The general pattern Is national. Any marked Republican inroads into Negro ranks, If maintained, would evidently turn Chicago and its environs strongly to the GOP, And if it happened here, with a Dawson in command, it might more easily occur in other northern cities with heavy Negro populations. Much of the history of the 1956 election campaign is still to be written. But as matters stand to- Britain's New Hangman May Be Without a Job LONDON iff) — Britain hat appointed another tavern keeper its No. 1 hangman. But Harry Allen, who succeeds fellow pub keeper Albert Pierre- point as the nation's chief executioner, may find himself out of a job without ever seeing another scaffold. The House of Commons gave approval in principle last month to day, Republicans appear to have a fair chance to reverse a trend that has been pointing the nation's voting Negroes toward the Democratic party for 20 years. abolition of the death .penalty. Prime Minister Eden has indicated, however, that the glvernment will do all it can to block enactment of the necessary legislation. Pierrepotnt gave up hU post lut month to give luU attention to hta pub. Cape Cod producos about 70 ptr cent of the world'* supply at crin- berriei. 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