The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on May 13, 1953 · Page 8
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 8

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Wednesday, May 13, 1953
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PAGE EIGHT BLTTHrWTLTE (ARK.T COUTtTEH NEWS WEDNESDAY, MAY IS, 1953 THE BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE COURIER NEWS CO. H. W. HAINES, Publisher HARRY A. HAINES. Assistant Publisher A. A. FREDRICKSON, Editor PAUL D. HUMAN, Advertising Manager Sole National Advertising Representatives: Wallace Witmer Co., New York, Chicago, Detroit, Atlanta, Memphis. Entered as second class matter at the post- office nt Blytheville, Arkansas, under act of Congress, October 9, 1917. Member of The Associated Preis SUBSCRIPTION RATES: Bv carrier In the city of Blytlieville or any suburban town where carrier service is maln- '" Bv mail, within a radius of 50 miles, $5.00 per vear'$250 for six months, $1.25 for three months; by mail outside 50 mile zone, $12.50 per year payable in advance. Meditations And I wilt bring back all the people unto Ihcc: (he man whom thou seckcst is as if all returned: so all the people shall be in peace. — II Samuel 17.3. * * * Without peace our property and possessions, much or little, are of no value, and without the Prince of Peace there can be no peace. R. E. Dudley. Barbs The world gets faster! In a lot of magazine , pitcures the girls didn't even have time to dress * * * Two men died from poison liquor In the south Too many bootleggers spoil llic stew. * * * Lots of golfers who take the game seriously are still cutups. Replace the turf, please! * * * He is » very wise man who won't admit he is. * * * A Delaware town has women volunteer firemen. We'll bet they Insist on silk hose. Tale of Cruelty Bares Reds' Low Regard for Humanity Philip Dearie, correspondent of the London Observer now back in England after nearly three years as a prisoner of the North Koreans, tells his story with remarkably graphic and human touches. With the curtain drawn so much of the time, we necessarily have to indulge in a great deal of guessing about the nature of the Communist enemy. Donne has taken us behind the curtain for a series-of sharp glimpses that eliminate much of the guesswork. The Communists he speaks of are not fighters but prison guards and commandants, interrogators, and the like. Tn their behavior toward correspondents, missionaries, diplomatic personnel and G.T.'s, they displayed an e 1 e m e n t a 1 cruelty that often descended into bestiality. But there is no surprise in that. What does strike you more is the way the Reds labored to devise endless indignities and cruel litllo ironies (like having an American doctor carry a North Korean medical student's instrument tray). In all these ran the stout thread of calculated conk-mpt, underlined by t h e wish to humiliate. There was contempt for the prisoners as not merely the conquered enemy, but as non-Communists, as westerners (especially as Americans), and, in this instance, as whites. Only men who have been fanned into fanaticism could he capable of exacting such petty triumphs over weary, sick, enfebled and helnless humans alvonrly bowed in defeat. If those men are t h e bearers of humanity's enure, as they say, then God help us all should they inherit the globe. Yet there is high contrast in Deane's sordid tale. Not all the men who suffered Red tortures bore them well. But many, many did. Many died with great courage, the manner of their passing speaking volumes that engulfed the blatant brutality of their murders. None died with greater credit to himself, his nation and the fraternity of free men than LI. Cordus H. Thornton, of Dallas, Tex. On a prisoner death march that cost 100 Allied lives, he was singled out because more men had dropped out of his platoon than any other. The march commandant, a North Korean major called "The Tiger," charged him with disobeying his orders that no one be allowed to drop out. Thornton replied firmly that to have carried the dying would have meant condemning oilier feeble men to death. The Tiger said he would kill him, and asked if the American Army would not do the same. Thornton, his voice unwavering, said the Americana would hold a trial. The' Tiger held one, on the spot. He shouted to his assembled soldiers: "What must I do?" They chorused: "Kill him. Kill them all." Said the Tiger: "You have had your trial, a people's trial, people's justice. Now I will kill you." Thornton answered: "In Texas, we call that lynching, not justice." Then the young lieutenant was ordered to turn about. He did, with eyes steady, chin in, shoulders squared, arms straight at his sidts. The Tiger bound his eyes, and then shot him in the back of the neck. Someone laid his body in a ditch, and the march resumed. That is the way a hero ,-=«. That is the way a free man humiliates those who act the beast in vain effort to humiliate him. Views of Others Private Power Not 'Dependent' A lot of noise is being raised those days In Nashville, Washington and elsewhere in behalf of continued big appropriations for the expansion of the Tennessee Valley Authority's power production facilities. Gov. Frank Clement, joining the campaign, has pointed out that a shortage of power in the valley "Would bring to a dead stop the normal expansion of our economy. . ." The governor also said the valley Is wholly dependent on the TVA for its power supply and that the TVA Is dependent on Congress for funds' with which to expand its facilities. And although Gov. Clement did not Intend to point to any such conclusion, the situation which he described is one which demonstrates why private enterprise power is a safer source of power for any area than a public power monopoly. If the Tennessee Valley were served by private power, the private power companies would be glad to lncra.se their facilities to meet the needs of industrial growth. It would be good business for them to do so. The private power industry is now planning a multi-blllion-dollar, nation-wide expansion program to meet the Increasing needs of their customers and those of new customers for electric power. No political hullabaloo was necessary to get. the private power expansion program launched. The companies, seeing the opportunity for Increasing their volume of business, quietly made their plans and made the money available. The private power expansion program will not cost the taxpayers one cent, instead, it will Increase the private companies' tax payments — to local, state and Federal governments. The Tennessee Valley area, meanwhile, is forced to go to Congress with Its hand out, asking the congressmen, who represent the taxpayers of all the nation, to give us more of the taxpayers' money to expand our subsidized public power monopoly. .Citizens of thi.'fari'R who wish to see its industrial growth continue might do well to begin investigating the possibilities of some arrangement by which private power, which Is not dependent on the shifting winds of politics, could provide the additional power that will be needed to meet the demands of future industrial development. —Chattanooga News-Free Press. Example For Bureaucrats EnrI J. McGrnth, who has resigned his $14,500 s year post as U. S. commissioner of education ill protest against budget reductions in his department, lu s set an excellent example for all other ' governmental officials \vlio cannot get along with economy in government. If McGrnth doesn't approve of economy, the nation' will be much better off without him in office. Apparently trying to make his resignation a grand gesture, McOrnth asserted budget cuts in his department would "reduce the quality of education of American children." That Is an indication McGrath has an inflated feeling of the importance of his office, as well as an inflated budget. Chances are, so far as the quality of American education is concerned, that no one will ever notice the cut in the budget about which McGrath protests. Education is primarily ti local matter, as it should be, and is not dependent upon the satisfaction of McOrath with his budget. The resigning commissioner has shown very well by his resignation that he Is not the kind of man the nation needs in office today. Sometimes, however, it is difficult to get rid of those who dislike governmental economy. McGrath is due a vote of thanks for getting out on his own volition. Other Government officials who do not op- prove of tlie new trend in Washington toward running the Government for the taxpayers instead of for the bureaucrats would earn the applause of the American people if they would follow McGrath out the exit. —Chattanooga News-Free Press. SO THEY SAY Hello, there, got my Scotch or tea? - British POW arriving at exchange point. » * * After you have given up thousands of lives for decency and freedom and the fully armed murders continue to occupy part of your house, what chance have you? — Korean Ambassador Y. c. Yang speaks against any .truce which would leave a divided Korea, 'Boy! Smell That Air!' Peter Edson's Washington Column — Federal Credit Union System j Costs the Taxpayers Nothing WASHINGTON —(NEA)— Probably the only agency in the government Which is asking for no appropriation for the next fiscal year Is the Bureau of Federal Credit Unions in the Social Security Administration. Director of this expeptional outfit is Claude R. Orchard, former Omaha packing house personnel Peter Edson officer who has been permitted to stay on his government job though now beyond retirement age. The reason is that he has now brought the federal credit union system to the point where It is self-supporting. It offers little competition to private banks, which can't profitably handle loans of under $200. So there is little pressure to wipe out credit unions or get the federal government out of the business of promoting or supporting them. Particularly since, from now on, this service Isn't going to cost the taxpayers a cent. For the benefit of anyone not entirely familiar with the idea, it might be explained that a credit union is a cooperative organized to promote thrift for its members. From their combined savings, loans are then made to the members nt interest rates of not over 1 per cent a month on the unpaid balance. The average credit union rate for the entire U. S. is under 10 per cent a year. As few as seven people, em- ployes of the same plant or residents of Uie same community, may form a credit union. Membership costs 25 cents. To set up a union costs $64. Of this, $25 is for the federal charter, $35 for the elemen- tary bookkeeping supplies, $4 for ( Three-fourths of the people keep- the treasurer's bond. The treasuv- ing accounts in the local unions er is the only paid employe. The charter comes from the Bureau of Federal Credit Unions, and that's how the U. S. government gets in on the act. The law establishing this system was passed in 1934,, just after the bottom of the depression was passed, to help low-income groups over their financial hurdles. There were 78 charters granted that first year. Today there are nearly 6300 federally chartered unions in operation. They have 2,800,000 members, total assets of over $600 million and over $300 million out on loan to members. This represents about half of the credit union business'in the United States. The federal government has paid out a total of $4 million in the past 17 years to 'get this system going. That money won't be ;:aid back. But it has been a good Investment in teaching thrift and keeping low-income wage earners out of the clutches of loan sharks. Mr. Orchard thinks it is now strong enougli to operate through another depression without strain. Also, according to Mr. Orchard, it has been of tremendous value in teaching capitalism and promoting responsibility among employes. Shares in the credit union sell for $5 apiece. The maximum savings are usually $50 a month, or a S2000 total. The shareholders elect the directors. The directors pass on the loans. There are dividends after the reserves of the local union have been built up. But the main purpose of the operation is for service to members, not for profits. The function of the federal government in all this is to audit the ing are not bookkeepers. The system has to be reduced to such fundamentals that a sharecropper can operate it successfully. The law says loans to member; must be for provident or protective purposes, but that has been pretty broadly interpreted. Paying medical bills or making house repairs full naturally in tha definition. But so does money lor a vacation or a TV set. Check cashing or purchasing for members are, however, banned. Unsecured loans may be made up to $400. Secured loans are made for larger amounts as the credit unions grow stronger. The loss ratio for the entire system has been only 14-100 of 1 per cent —which is better than most banks There have been some cases where federal credit un&ns failed. One that went bust in a big way had a large number of Sirig Sing graduates hi its membership. Then there was a Philadelphi Navy Yard unit that failed in 1945, accounting for nearly a third of all credit union losses. A small group of officers took this unit to the cleaners when the yard's employment dropped from 45,000 to 4500 ,t the end of the war. But liquidating, this union paid off 92 cents on the dollar. More' recently a strong-willed woman who ran a Baltimore credit union with a high hand managed to milk it for losses as yet undetermined. On the other hand, one of the largest and most successful of credit unions at Fall River, M.IKS!, has assets of over $1 million, When it is recalled that loan shark interest rates run 3 \» per accounts, supervise the operation l cent a month, or 42 per cent a and install new unions by granting I year, the public service in the charters. In so doing, it runs a I credit union idea is better appre- primary school of banking. i ciatcd. the Doctor Says— By EDWIN P. JORDAN. M.D. Written for NEA Service , Mrs. B. writes that she is suffering from severe migraine headaches and asKs how to get rid of them. There must be many others in the same unfortunate situation. The first step, of course, is to make sure that the headaches, are really migraine and not some other kind. Tills requires professional assistance. As a clue, however, it may be said that most victims of migraine frequently have some peculiar feelings before the headaches begin. Sometimes they report seeing visions of animals, become acutely depressed, excessively hungry, or experience some similar change from normal which they come to recognl?.e as foreshadowing an attack of migraine. Another common characteristic of migraine headaches is difficulty with vision — usually blurring or spots — coming on about the eame time as the headache. The headache Itself is likely to start gradually, but become worse and worse and spread more widely. In many, If not most cases, the headache is on one side nnd those who have severe attacks may be really knocked out for a day or two. A great many drugs and other treatments have been suggested for migraine. Some of them are helpful, particularly if started at the time of warning or the beginning of the attack. However, one of the best articles on this subject Which I have seen recently says: "Nothing out of the bottle will offer more than passing relief. Cure must be brought about by the patient himself, guided by Ms doctor." The first recommendation nude in the article is that Uie day's work should be reduced. Enough time should be allowed for rest. The person at 50 should not work as at 20. The second suggestion Is to avoid needless and useless worry. Worry is a waste of time. Most people realize this, but often they do not understand how much they can do for themselves by training themselves out of such a habit. Achieve More Harmony The third suggestion Is to change some of your standards. If the standards are not adding to enjoyment and satisfaction in life, the attitude towards one's own high standards should be somewhat modified so that one does not resent or become anxious about situations, particularly those caused by others. The final point made In this article was to develop fuller tolerance of other people. This is closely tied to the second and third points, and perhaps they are all psvrt of developing a philosophy towards life Which will make one's own daily affairs as much In harmony with what goes on outside as It Is possible to do. As a matter of fact, the same points made for migraine headache would not be a bod idea for everyone to consider, including those who feel themselves perfectly normal. Read Courier Ncwi Classified ® JACOBY Weird Is Only Way To Describe This By OSWALD JACOBY Written for NEA Service When today's hand was played in the semifinal round of the Eastern Championship Team event, the bidding was weird and the play was even weirder. South' should WEST * A4 V 109743 » J4 + KJ84 South 1 V * * Pass NORTH 13 * Q .1 5 2 V K6 * 10753 * A32 EAST AKS3 V None »'K9862 *Q10975 SOUTH (D) A 10976 ¥ A Q J 8 5 2 » AQ + 6 Neither side vul. West North East Pass 1 * p ass Double Rcdbl Pass Pass Opening lend—+ 4 have supported spades Instead of insisting on a heart contract, and game at spades would have been made very easily. West should not have doubled four hearts, but should have defeated the contract, as declarer actually played It. Moreover, the comedy, of errors Is marie complete bj! the tact that South should have made his contract against any defense. As I h e hand was actually Erskine Johnson IN HOLLYWOOD HOLLYWOOD —(NEA)— Dea: Martin and Jerry Lewis havi scuttled the variety show forma for their television appearance next season and will introduce "a loi of innovations we're not ye. ready to talk about." Their reason for the big switch they say, is obvious: "Variet shows have been done to death Stars who stick with them wil be lost along the way." As an experiment. Jack Benn; will celluloid four or five show this summer for use mien his three a-month live schedule starts in the fall. Dan Duryea begins filming 2i new "China Smith" telefilms this summer. With his sponsor repeating the first 26 over the hot-weath er months. "They tell me that for every per son we lose by repeating," says Dan, "we pick up two new peopli who missed the early pictures or who had no TV sets the first time around." Dan, long a film star, is amazec about the new audience he's won "We went on location and the kids athe'red around and said. 'Hey we know you're China Smith, bui what's your real name?' " EASY DOES IT MILDRED PIERCE, the title character created by Joan Crawford for the hit movie, will be thi. central figure in a weekly telefilm show. But Joan nixed a bid to star "because I don't want to work that hard." Donald O'Connor will limit himself to five TV shows next season. . .Now it's Barbara Stanwyck talking a telefilm deal on a, profit- sharing basis. The role is an eye- raiser—a feminine fight trainer. . . "Follow the Leader," an audience- iarticipation idea starring Vera Vague, is in the fall sales lineup. Television networks should smarten up on star-building ricks. Biff Eliot, playing Mike Hammer in Mickey Spillane's "I, the Jury," did 300 TV shows in four years in New York and was happy played, declarer won the first trick in dummy with the ace of clubs', drew two rounds of trumps with the king and ace, and then led a spade towards dummy. West should have hopped up with the ace of spades to lead another club. This would have indicated the correct defense beyond any chance of confusion. Actually West played a low spade, allowing East to win with the king of spades. East could have returned a club, of course, and should have done so. Actually East switched to diamonds, and declarer was able to win with the queen of diamonds, knack out the ace of spades, and make his contract. South was forced to ruff clubs only once, and could thus keep control of the hand. If he had been forced to ruff twice, he would have lost control and would have been set. South didn't need bad defense to make this weird contract. After discovering the had trump break at the second trick, South should not lead a second round of trumps. He should immediately finesse the queen of diamonds and begin the spades, The defenders take the first spade and lead a clu'o, forcing South to ruff. South leads another spade, and ruffs the third round of clubs. Now South cashes the ace of diamonds and leads a third spade. West can ruff, of course, but .hen cannot defeat the contract. If West leads his last club, dummy can ruff with the trump that has jeen carefully left there for just this purpose. South will then take :he last three tricks with his high crumps. about the whole thing for a while. "After all that work," he says, "I had no name. Networks don't publicize you as Hollywood does. Without stardom, I got to the poir4j(j of not caring. But now that I'rrf in Hollywood and getting a buildup, TV is beginning to offer big money and star billing. It doesn't make sense." } It took a lot of sweet talk, plus privileges that even Clark Gable doesn't rate, to change Percy Kil- hride's mind that he'd never play Pa Kettle again in u-I's super- money series. Percy even has a promise from the studio that' he'll get a role completely un-Kettle-ish "to get me away from being typed so terribly. Ever since I started playing Pa, other studios have said that they wanted me. Then they'd decide that I was to much in the public mind as Pa Kettle. "They're wrong, of course. A good actor can't always change his appearance, but he can convey anything in the way of char- icter that the script demands." "Ma and Pa Kettle Hit the Road Home" will absolutely be his last stint as the shiftless, laconic farmer and champion papa, take it fron Percy. LIKE FATHER, LIKE SON 'MARRIAGE is difficult for two young people who are starting their careers at the same time. But we're going to make our marriage work." Red-haired Cara Williams, who's Red Skelton's leading lady in "The Great Diamond Robbery," laying it on the line about-the circle of troubles that surround her and John Barrymore, Jr. "Johnny's jealous, that's the trouble," frowned Cara. "He misunderstands things In his frantic desire to be assured of my love. His father, I have learned, was exactly the same way. "He feels that we should be to- jether all the time. I have to turn down things that would take me out of town. He likes to be on the set with me. People make iracks because we're always {o;ether. It isn't easy for us." Eliabeth Taylor, according to Producer Irving Ascher, is just right in all three dimensions—bust, waist and hips—for the camera in 'Elephant Walk." She's lost 30 )ounds, according to Ascher, who lays, "I wouldn't want her to ba any thinner." 75 Years Ago In Blytheville — Miss Carolyn Halej', who teaches n the Manila schools, has arrived spend two weeks before going jack to summer school. frs. M. o. Usrey was installed as chapter regent of the Charlevoix ihapter of the Daughters of the American Revolution at a luncheon meeting at the Hotel Noble. "A Full House", the first full engtli production of the recently irganized Blytheville Theater, was ilayed before several hundred peo- ile last night at the city auditor- um. Old man Hobbs won't listen to kids' quiz shows on the air any more. Says it's too much of a strain on his inferiority complex. Around the World Answer to Previous Puzzle HORIZONTAL 4 Harvests 5 Sea eagle 6 Kind of acid 7 Individual 8 Tax assessment basis 9 Above 10 Simple 11 Formerly 17 Oak seeds 19 Postured 23 French ' painter I Vegas, Nevada 4 Another Nevada city 8 Italian city 12 New Zealand , lake 13 Ireland 14 State 15 Moist 16 Aardvarks 18 Clipper 20 Punctuation .-- -! mark 24 Hops' kiln 21 Distress signal 25 Mimicker 22 Sacred image 2G Eagle's nest 24 Louts ,27 Unfair 26 Maple Renus ' employer's 27 Pronoun workshop 30 Each 32 Chewer 34 Farm machine 35 Fall flowers 36 Transposes (ab.) 37 Expires 39 Burden 40 Gaze 41 Caress 42 Pincer 45 Frozen desserts 49 Sampling again 51 Strike 52 Polish river 53 Arrow poison 54 Metal-bearing rock 55 Water barriers 56 Nuisance 57 Church seat VERTICAL 1 Statutes 2 Arabian gulf 3 Contents 28 Drove f 29 Gaelic 31 Those who grant 33 Book of maps 38 Stoat 40 Fruits 41 Sound, Washington 42 Goad 43 Mother of Castor and Pollux 44 Entry in a ledger 46 Units 47 Ireland's present name 48 Simmer 50 End 1 II 15 18 llj VI H 36 « 1? SZ IF 1- & 43 5 u , m VI ^ H U It W it n s w & H 50 1 U b "• m m 38 4J 7 m. 13, M ii m % 11 b ^ 1 8 4 ^ » M 1 ft 51 W J 0 a i? n » ii „

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