Chicago Tribune from Chicago, Illinois on December 8, 1916 · 8
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Chicago Tribune from Chicago, Illinois · 8

Chicago, Illinois
Issue Date:
Friday, December 8, 1916
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I 2 , , 1.7r1 - I picture thow. A motion picture may be bad for 1 i CrifirttglY ZVI:6111U' picture show. A motion picture may be bad for ' - - 'At society if it teaches youth to disobe y. the law A LINE 0 TYPE OR TWO tITTE WORLDS GREATEST NINSPVER by violent act. It is worse for society teaches respectable citizens to disobey the law by Motto: gm to the Line. let 1 fm-piiw eriminnis fnr maudlin and sentimental the quips tall where they may. ICUNDED JUNE 10, t141. A-NALA: AS SLLOND CLA6.4 ALATLEAL JUNS a. ma. AT it l'UsLOz A4-A LI iiiCAtmA, LL.. 1.,NDLB AcT LAI:Cli S. AAA W60,11Cited &Melee.. znanuacnirra. letters. and ptetures sent 10 'Ace Irithwa " are sent as Um owneVa nee. bad Lte Tribano rompaby enwtraly triArcbates ithir naralit, ur ree01100i111. tar L....ea rare e11rt0dy or mum FRIDAY. DECEMBEII. 8. 1916. Our Cout.try! in her intercourse with foreign nations may she always be in the right; but our country, right or wrong." Stephen Decatur. AFTER ROUMANIA-WHAT? For eeverai taxes the force of events in Greece; has Leen too much for the censor. Ominous epurts of fact have burst threugh the official 1 centeiner, and if a ielod part of the truth has not already leaked out enough has transpired to indi- I cate the gravity of the Eituation from the point ! el' view of the entente allies. We know now that when the French admiral attempted to force his - tiemaxels for disarmament he was met with determined and euccessful resistance. Official eupliernism uses the term "escorted "the French marines were escorted by Greek troops apparently ill the same sense that a prisoner is escorted, by the patrolman. One report tells of a light; In which the French force of 3.000 marines wee nearly wiped out. Street rioting in which entenze eympathizers or Venizelists were harshly used tend tessassination or execution of partisans are In the leakage of news. The British press speaks 'with a franker concern and an increasing candor. In short, it would seem that "Tine" Is making peed and that the Greeks are back of him. Historic gratitude raises a weak voice amid ! the crash of contending empires. The liberty of modern Greece was raised by British power and cemented by British sentiment Today Byron is i forgot Greece, struggling for what poor portion cf independence and dominion may be vouchsafed; ter from the battle of the giants. desperately chooses, if it may be called choiee, with the sword at her throat. The'biack muzzles of French and British dreadnaughts yawn upon her to the south; the ominous shimmer of German bayonets shine against h'er northern sky. Sea power and land power grapple on her shores, as when Athens and Sparta, in the days when Greece was the world, fought the same eternal combat over this handful of historic earth. It seems probable now that Greek popular opinion has inclined more toward the central powers; than the entente press has realized or allowed ! the neutral world to know. Doubtless the pendulum of favor has swung from one side to the other. Germany was fortunate in having the tlynaety and the army leaders with her. They were able to maneuver the entente into precautionary acts which have alarmed and offended Greek susceptibilities. and with facts like the Gallipoli failure. the fiasco of Kut-el-Amara, the Ineffectiveness of Sarrail's forces at Saioniki, and now the debacle of Roumania advertising the might of the central powers the prestige of the entente has faded into nothingness. Only the' power to shut off trade and food supply has remained in the hand of the entente, and if Gerlitany is able to hold the Roumanian and developi the Turkish agricultural regions this advantage' will dwindle. In any case. there Is little wonder that there are crises at Westminster and Petrograd and rumors of drastic reorganization In the high cora- A mend of the French forces. The entente influ-1 ence in the southeast is disappearing like the Cheshire cat of Alice's Wonderland. There is little left of it but the official smile. and even that- is now fading into a despairing frown.! Bucharest has fallen. The Russian legions have not appeared. The Roumanian army is almost i In a rout. Russia holds on by her finger nails at Constanza. What next? It would seem that when Roumania is secure the German sweep must turn towards Saloniki! and Greece. Karl von "Wiegand from Berlin is permitted to suggest that Odessa will be the I first objective. which emphasizes the probability that it will not be Odessa but the south. There Sarrail struggles painfully in the jawe of the .1tfacedonian passes. Greece inclines toward hospitality. When Roumania is prostrate what bet- ! ter direction to turn the battering ram whieh Maekensen and Falkenhayn wield than eouth- I ward toward the long desired .Xgean? A campaign against Odessa, immensely valuable as that port would be. commanding the wheat lands of southern Russia, flanking the long RUS!4tall line ! from the Carpathians to the Baltic. threatening; Mescow and the heart of the empire. would meet ! the stubborn power of the Inexhaustible Russian 1 army. The capture of Saloniki could be no such perilous and expensive task, and it would shake the entente's last hold upon the vast territory which measures the German dream of Mittel-Europa. With Saloniki in German hands. Sarrail expelled, Greece under full control, Mittel-Europa vould be as far as victorious arms can go, a fact accomplished. The foundation stone of the Middle Empire would be in place and German genius primed for the gigantic task of imperial consolidation It has aspired to achieve. However diMcult and dangerous that task may teeand its difficulties and dangers from the military, economic, and political points of view are clearly very greatit is one to tempt the imagination of a people now perhaps in the full tide of their great, their Elizabethan epoch. The hopes of this moment may fade. No wise man Nvill prophesy in this day of marvels. of epie forces, tragic arel inexorable. But certainly Ger2nany, lecerated though she be with the bleeding loeses of warfare, muet be thrilled by the pos. eibilities which her huge efforts are bringing within the scope of her reasonable hope. MOVIE MORALITY. Chicago guards its citizens sedulously against contamination from the movies. It employs a bearl of censors to do this guarding. The board knows precisely what to do. It knows just how manv feet of film a kiss may occupy without endangering the susceptible young. It knows eactty under what circumstances a pretty ankle tray be shown. It knows just what to eliminate front the explanatory legends. It can discriminate nicely in cases of violence. being conscious that a wax bottle broken over the head of a comedian by another comedian is good fun and that the same bottle broken over the head of the villain by the hero or vice versa is bad morals. But when Judge Brothers blames the movies for irresponsible juries he 'does not mean that the jurors have seen kisses. too long or skirts :too short He means that they have sucked in :poisonous and maudlin ideas from the motion ! ?-- - - . freeing criminals for maudlin and sentimental reasons.. That is the strongest case against the movies, and it is somethipg that cannot be censored. The movies villain goes through five reels doing atrocious things under the influence of morphine. But because in the sixth he is cured and reforms the audience connects the crimes with the Morphine and not with the man. There Is some good in the fellow. It would not be fair to punish him. A young mother steals from a corporation to support her daughter. She is jailed, but in the final scene her hilsband. confronted with his daughter's picture just as he finds a vast nugget of gold, is conscience stricken and returns to buy her way out It was not the fault of te man who ran away nor was it the fault of the woman who stoleif it was they have made amends and Ehould not be punished. The movies teach "Justice with a heart." as our president phrases it, where all we need in Jurors is justice with a mind. A heart throb is well enough, but a brain throb works better In & complex society. Milg'-- I BOGUS. The nnnual report of the secretary of war is In some respects a fraud on the public. It Is a betrayal of trust. Such a charge is serious, but it can be supported. The report itself is the evidence. There is plenty of it. Two particular subjects are glaringly misrepresentedthe recruiting for the regular army anti the situation of the national guard. Everybody knows that there Is a crisis in the national guard. Secretary Baker knows it. He knows that the guard is on the verge of dissolution and yet he prefers to dismiss the subject with a sentewe like this: " The national guard will probably consist of about 17,000 officers and 440,000 men." Compare his statement with the following sentence from the Army and Nary Journal, a conservative and accurate weekly: " Officers of long experience in the natiomil guard declare that unless the present conditions of service In the guard as now demanded by the national defense act are radically changed the national guard will probably cease to exist within a very short time." Secretary Baker also remarks, after praising the work of the guard on the border. that there have been some complaints. " These complaints," reads his report." have been minor and infrequent." So " minor and Infrequent" that the rally call of the present is "Never Again !" So superficial that not 50 per cent of the men who have been mustered out are wilIir.g to take the new federal oath ! If congress knew nothing but what Secretary Baker has seen fit to tell them it would not know that the national guard is moribund. It would imagine an 'army of efficient and patriotic young men bewailing fate because they have but one job to give to their country, eager to sacrifice wives and mothers any time a bungling diplomacy may call upon them to do so. The secretary's presentation of the condition of the regular army is just as misleading. Any one reading his report would imagine that all is N e 11 except a few, minor and easily remediable ailments. 13ecause congress in the national defense bill authorized an Increase in the regular army he prefers to consider the regular army increatatd. His only reference to difficulty in recruitflg Is summed up in this sentence: " There has been an increase in the number of accepted applicants for enlistment since the passage of the joint resolution referred to, but it has not been as marked as desired." It " has not been as marked as desired." But to relieve the pessimism of that statement he shows that for the months of June, July,and August. 1916 imonths when there was some prospect of actual war with Mexico), " the number of enlistments Jr; ¬ creased practically 175 per cent over the number for the corresponding months of 1915." But Secretary Baker does not tell us that the army is desperately and unsuccessfully trying to get men. He does not say that on Oct. 30 the regular army was more than 14,000 men short of its peace strength as authorized under the old regulations and more than 34,000 men short of its peace strength under the new national defense act. He does saaathat 56,000 second, third, and fourth class postmasters have been authorized to recruit for the artily; but he does not saY that a bonus of $5 is offered for every recruit, or that such authorization to postmasters Is the last measure of desperation. He does not say that the war department is considering th9 . offer of a $2 bonus to anyone getting a recruit. Ile does not say that recruiting of the national guard in connection with the regular army has been given up because it does not pay. and there is no mention of such indicative figures as those In New 'fork state, where every new guardsman for the month of October cost $136two-thirds of the pay he would receive as a soldier In a year. In short, where the country has a right to look for accurate information about the all important subject of national defense, Secretary Baker has handed them something as valuable as the prospectus of a bogus gold mine. Editorial of the Day 1 O HENRY. 17rern tbe New Repub1te.1 rOr O. Henry in his real work could 'write en1) by the light- within. There was no elaborat tschcme of preparation to take the place of the in spired word. He read nothing, or next to It. lp inveAtiiated nothing. He saw nobody. He had nc propaganda, no views to expound, no lesson . iv the meaner sense, to teach. His was not the dull Industry that Investigates. note book In hand. tht, slum, the factory. and the market place, and turns the mass of accumulated fact Into the vast Con temnorary Novel that pours Its slow current of alluvial mud through the channel of a thousard pages. ignorantuntioubtedly, except of life Itself gloriously Ignorant he was. No college, not even a theological school, could have matriculated him. Even of New York, so they now tell us, he knew practically nothing. Eut of little threads and patches, a vision of a haggard face seen for a moment in a a fallen word. the chance glance of an eyeof such a,s this interwoven with the cross thread of his marvelous Imagination he did his matchless work. Let it so rest as his best monument The little peckings of the critics about the base will but serve to keep clean the stone. KIND urT FIRM. " Why don't you accept me? Your father is Your mother approves." " r haven't heard from my favorite movie actress as yet. George."--Loulsville Courier-Journal Tirn rcTticArio ,...... DAILY PASSING STRANGE. IT READ a great deal of vers Libre, 11 And "Images " scan by the score: But never a line, Ile it ever so fine, Is added to memory's store. Though avid of Amy and Ezra. Though keen for the poems they write, If requested to quote Either luminous pote, rd have to say "Pass!" or "Good-night!" It may be that memory's so cluttered With Shelley and Shakesprdre and Blake. With Housman and Horace. Macaulay and Morris. And Dante and Dryden and Drake The new stuff has no room to enter: The fault. past denying, is mine. 'Vet I still think it strange, As.the moderns'I range, That I never remember a line. EVEN immortality in art Is limited; a century or two makes little difference. And so we had rather be remembered for a generation as the author of "The Goose Girl" than for a cycle as the author of "Hamlet." AFTER listening to Tagore. Torn Daly decided that " no big message will ever reach this western world unless it be delivered in a bass voice." We Prefer Very Nation-Wide." Sir: My profe,sor of testheties doesaft say "almost ideal," but he is addicted to " very universal." Does he get by? E. V. IC "I DO not know the method of drawing up an indictment against a whole people." said Edmund Burke, who might eas!ly have found a way if his word-arsenal had included the luminous adjective " boob." THE DELIRICITS CRITIC. From the Sheridan, Wyo., Enterprise. Replete with fine etherially beautiful melody and graceful embellishments, it represents Mozart at is best, expressing in a form as clear and finely finished as a delicate ivory carving that mood of restful, sunny. impersonal optimism which is the essence of most of H. musical creation. It ta like some finely wrought Greek idyl, the apotheoses of the pastoral. perfect in detail. without apperent effort. gently, tenderly emotional. without a trace of passionate intensity or restless agitation, innocent and depending, as a mere babe. I It is the mood of a bright. clondless day on the upland pas. tures, where happy shepherds watch their peaceful socks, untroubled by the storm and areas of our modern life, a mood i Po foreign to the hearts and environment of most present 1 day human beings, that it is rarely understood by player or 1 hearer, and still more rarely enjoyed. It seems at and insipid as tepid water to the fevered lips of the young pas. sion-driven, ambition-ssoarded soul in its fret stormy period i of struggle and achievement; but later. it is welcomed as the answer to that inarticulate. but ever increuingly frequent, sign for peace and tranquil beauty. " THEREFORE." reports the W. G. IC.. concerning Ares. S'ears, " her personality should not be taxed here." This would be worse. as S. J. T. says. than having one's patience taxed. HEAnn IN AN ART SHOP. Sir: Two ladies standing before a reproduction of the Stuart Baby. One: " Ain't that a nice picture! What is it?" T'Other: I forget who painter' it, but of ern! rSe I know what it is. That's the illegitimate child of the Virgin Queen." M. V. DREADFUL disappointment of a lady who attended the performance of "Siegfried": "I went purposely to hear the symbols, but they didn't play any." We, on the other hand, heard them very distinctly: and we heard, too, a number of acoustics. SPEAKING OF OYSTERS AND SHELLFISH Sir: The New Era, published every Friday in the year at the Federal penitentiary in Leavenworth. carries the legend: For distribution only to those interested in prison reform and to government officials." D. W. S. " , PLEASE your husband, brother, or sweet- ; heart by giving him a box of cigars," advertises ti a tobacconist; and. appropriately enough, the ad appears under " Xmas Furniture." TIRE EXPLORERS. The submarine will dive and chase A dolphin to his lair; The aeroplane will rise and race An eagle through the air. A message given to the sky, Unswerved by gale or shower, Across a hemisphere will fly And thrill the Eiffel Tower. One traverses white wastes forlorn, And gains the Northern Pole; Another sails beyond the Horn, And wins the Southern goal. One snowy peaka matchless pile Still baffles spirits valiant: Who'll climb the last appalling mile On Asia's upthrust salient? We hear a gone voice sing or laugh. We see through things opaque; We read upon a seismograph The story of a 'quake; N We measure waterways on Mars, And sift a comet's ray; We weigh end take the speed of stars. And map the Milky Way. The world rolls on. Who'll break the bond That holds us to this sphere? "'Twill be a wizard with a wand." Speaks up my friend the Seer; "He'll master gravity and make it Some day 'twixt dawn and noon. His title, sir, will be, I take It Columbus of the Moon.'" ANDY. IF Margaret Sanger does not fancy the motto we suggested for her birth control magazine II 3D. F. It. oilers the epitaph " Some have children, some have none; Here lies the mother of twenty-one." MAY we commend to your consideration another linethe Dotted Line? You sign your name on it, end become a Good Fellow. RESULT OF swam-rico, THE POLITICAL REPORTER AND PROGNOSTICATOR TO THE SOCIETY DUE.. From the Newton, la.. Record. Friends in Newton have learned of the birth of a seven round son to Attorney and Mrs. M. Wormiey at Kingsley making them a Rooseveltian family of eight ehildrenane the end is not yet. " WOMAN is a satellite."A New York professor. The problem being to determine. In a. given case. the eccentricity of her orbit. A Kentucky Immortal. Sir: Some people have the pip once la a while. but Mr. Pipp Wilsord of Louisville has the pip all the time. P. I. U. TO reassure a Peoria reader: It was not Carreno We missed, but " the greatest planiste of her sex." "GOOD looking young girl-19; can shed real tears at will; desires position In pictures."--The Billboard. Why waste such a gift In pictures? THE first' question addressed to the- new cook should be "What can you cook without eggs?" A VERY weld -winter, indeed. as Romeo said to ;Gant, drOpping from the balconY fl. L- T. II TRIBUNE: FRIDAY. I -7714 QUININE. OUININE is derived from the bark of the cinchona tree. This tree. nativb on the eastern slopes of the Andes, has been transplanted 16 and is now extensively eu:tivated in India. Ceylon. Java, and Burma. The cultivated trees yield a bark richer in quinine than the wild trees. Quinine is principally used to cure malaria. It is an active amosbicide. having the power of killing amoeba and other low forms of animal life. As the malaria parasite belongs in this class quinine is used to destroy it. ... It is effective against the plasmodium when that parasite is in its growing stage. To be effective the solution of quinine in the blood plastna must have a strength of I to 1.000. To get tbis strength somewhere between twelve and twenty grains of quinine, dependent on the size of the person, must be circulating in the blood at one time. Quinine solution solution is usei'halso as an injection for amoebic dysentery. since the amoeba which causes this disease is also an animal parasite. However, ipecac and its alkaloid, emetin. hi so much more efficient in amoebic dysentery that quinine is but rarely used. Quinine is used in place of gin and whisky by women who suffer at their monthly periods. It is more effective and at the same time is free from the objection to the alcoholic beverage. Possibly quinine is of some service-In breaking up a cold. The,se are about the only uses for quinine. In its field it is without an equal. Given uselessly or needlessly. it Is a nuisance, and it is safe to say that half the quinine given is wasted or worse. If them wasted quinine mere saved and used properly on persons infected with malaria. that disease would be wiped out in two years. Quinine is a poison. It upsets the stomach. it profoundly affects the nervous system. it disturbs the hearing, it has produced blindness. and it induces a rash. It is the opinion of men who practice medicine in the Yazoo delta that much of the bematuria is due to the improper use of quinine taken as chill tonics. . Ipecac is the dried root of a small plant -which grows in Brazil and Colombia. From it is derived the alkaloid. ernetim Ipecac and emetin are ns potent in destroying the amoeba of dysentery as are cinchona and quinine in destroying that of malaria. Emetin is usually given hypodermically. Ipecac is given as a powder. in capsules or pills. and in the form of ahe timid extract. Ipecac Is better known to most people as an emetic and as an ingrealent of cough medicine. Dover's powder is a mixture of ten ,IMI.1.. IN Paris steps are being taken to re- habilitate a mysterious individual of the name of Bernard Mairoon who, six years ago, was one of the most talked of men in Europe and who sacrificed his liberty to successfully frustrate the most cherished dream of Emperor William. The latter, in all his career. never had a more grandiose idea than the extension of Teuton influence through and across southwestern Asia to India by the construction of a railroad line. either under German control or in actual German ownership. to the head of the Persian guifa gulf in which the trade. until the beginning of the present war, was almost entirely in the hands of the Germans, thanks to the superiority of their enterprise over that of their . British competitors. To this end it was necessary to secure the Germanization of Turkey. as well as of the Balkan states. It was necessary to lull to sleep Russia and France and to avert any serious objections on the part of Great Britain. German policy was, therefore, modeled to that end. -.S... The kaiser won over Turkish suppnrt by supporting Turkish policy, even though it involved the approval of the Armenian massacres, and also by wholesale corruption. Bulgaria and Roumania were squared through the ties of kinsmanshlp of Emperor William with the late King Charles of Roumania, who was a Hohenzollern, and with King Ferdinand, who is a prince of Saxe-Coburg. Then the kaiscr had his memorable meeting with Czar Nicholas at Potsdam and there drafted the secret Potsdam agreement which gave Germany a free hand Its respect to her railroad enter-'prise, enlisted Russian cotiperation, and secured through Russian influence the use of French money and the elimination of French antagonism. Thereupon the kaiser came to England and, without disclosing the nature of the Potsdam agreement. endeavored to secure not merely the approval but even the support of Great Britain to the scheme. As in the case at Potsdam with the czar, so did the kaiser exercise all his powers of fameination on King George and upon his ministers to persuade them that Great Britain's share of influence and control In the projected railroad would be equal to that of Germany; that the twa empires would work hand In hand in the matter: that It would prove of Inestimable benefit to England, e,nd that by thus uniting German and British interests in the near east and also In the southeast of Asia It would remove causes for friction and essure the cause of peace. --.... Suddenly, like a thunderbolt out of a clear sky, there appeared in a London eeenieg paper a copy of the draft -of the Potsdam agreement. wherein it was shown that the kaiser had made similar promises and similar offers to Czar Nicholas and. through him. to France. The sensation in all continental capitals was enormous. The document showed that the kaiser was playing a slnuble game and that either his offers to Emperor Nicholas or those to King George. were fraudulentin this sense . that they were never meant to be carried out. That ended the kalseett negotietions in England, and his visit was brought to an abrupt and to him most disconcerting close.. : His offers were rejected and. ere many days had passed. Emperor Nicholas gave Great Britain to under-'stand that he had never committed him-',self or Russia to any definite agreeraent DECEMBER S. Inn; (Cooright: 1916: Ely Dr. W. A. EN-ans.1 No. Rlopyright: 1916: By tbe Brentwood Co.1 -.- -41- REPLY. LA MARQUISE DE FONTENOY llow- to fréep well, " I By Dr: W. A.Evens I Questions pertinent to hygiene, atittallon, and prevention ol dulease. matters of general interest, will be answered in this column. Where space wilt not permit or the subject is not suitable, letters will be personally answered, imbject to proper limitations and where a stamped. addressed envelope is inclosed-Dr. Evans will not make diagnoses or prescribe for individual diseases. Reg Stara lar such service cannot be answered. grains of powdered ipecac. ten grains of powdered Quinine. and eighty grains of sugar of milk. Ipecac is eiTective as an emetic. It Is of twine service in smaller doses for the summer diarrheas of children. It is about as good an ingredient as we have for a conga medicine. It is of some service in breaking up a cold and it is a epocitic for amoebic dysentery. FOOD FOR HAM-. Mrs. C. F. writes: " Is the following food proper for a 9 montht old baby? The food IM equal patts of pasteurized milk and boiled water to which a teaspoonful of sugar of milk and one of milk of magnesia has been added. The baby is fed six ounces five times a day. "1. Is she getting enough nourishment? " 2 How many pounds does the average 9 months old baby weigh? "3. how many hours should sbe sleep datly?' REPLY. 1. Your baby Is sot getting enough nourishment- A baby 9 months old can take a mixture of 0a-fourths milk and one-fourth water. In a(Idition. he can begin to get a 11 Ltio gruel and meat broth. 2. About 18 pounds. 3. About four hours during the day and elcven at night. CHANG11 OP LIFE. M. A. 31. writes: " I am passing through the change of life and buffer greatly with flashes of heat, followed by profuse perspiration. During the labt few weeks I have had a continuous cold. caubed. I consider. by this overheating. Will you advise something to correct this? How long is this condition likely to continue? I am unmarried; 47 years old. EEPLY. Have your physician give you an occasional hypodermic of totem. VRUNES. had hoped that when you give the humble prune Is just deserte you would say that. us a cure for constipation. it is without a serious rival. The following is the modus operand!: First morning, one-half hour before breakfast, six raw prunes and glass of Avater; second morning and every succeeding morning. reduce prunes by one until three is the number to be taken. Continue on three until you feel as though it is too nmch. After a month, one every other morning will suflice. A. C. F. SUDDEN SHOCK. M. S. writes: " During the firs1 month of pregnancy my wife suffered a sudden shock which caused her to faint several times during the following week. loss of sleep. and worry. Would this cause Injury to the child in any way r with the kaiser at Potsdam and that the so-called Potsdam draft had merely consiste& of an enumeration of the kaiser's offers and of his arguments in ravor of Russia's acceptance thereof. William. thus frustrated in securing the realization of his project through personal friendly persuasion and through intrigue, is now endeavoring to carry it through by means of war. The man who disclosed the Potsdam agreement and who brought about its sensational publication in a London evening newspaper during the kaisera stay In England was a rather mysterious Levantine of the name of Bernard Mattoon. lie was Paris correspondent at the time of the London paper in which the document appeared and had obtained the copy of the Potsdam draft through the dishonesty of a clerk of the French ministry of foreign affairs to whom he had loaned money. The clerk was a young fellow of the name of Rene Roust. The Potsdam draft had been transmitted through the Russian foreign office to the French minister of foreign affairs for his confidential information and advice. That a confidential docurrrnt of this kind should have been abstracted from the French department of foreign affairs and published in a London newspaper of course necessitated the intervention of the French police. and before a week had elapsed Bernard Maimon and young Rene Rouet had been arrested and lodged in jail. their residences searched. and all their paper confiscated. Both were, in due courses sentenced to terms of imprisonment. It has always been felt. and now more so than ever, that although young Rene Rouet undoubtedly, deserved, the punishment, Bernard Salmon should not have (been called upon to suffer so severely,. since by publishing the Potsdam draft be had rendered an inestimable service to ha nations of the entente,. Maimon insisted that if he had published the Potsdam draft is was solely for the purpose of serving France. Great Britain. and Russia and of frustrating the kaiser's scheme: in one words that be was Inspired by patriotic rather than mercenary motives. professed to be moved by a Personal hatred of the kaiser. Ite had been one of the most devoted retainers and confidential agents of Abdul Itarnid during the latter's reign and had frequently been sent by him on secret missions to Paris for the purpose of reporting on the activities of the 'Young Turk revolutionists there. Like many of Abdul liamid's retainers he was greatly attachedi to him. and he never forgot nor forgave the kaiser for having failed to come to the ex-sultana assistance in the hour of his danger or to save him from dethronement. Imprisonment and the confista,tion of all his fortune. It subsequently developed that Maimon was a Turkish-Hebrew born at Smyrna, who had become a convert to Protestantism and who was for some years pastor of a missionary establishment at Bagdad, where he had learned to know the Rouets. Afterwards Malmon gave up the mission arid his pastorate, entered the service of Sultan Abdul Hasaid. and after the latter's downfall sought refuge first in Egypt and then in France. where he earned a fairly comfortable livelihood by acting as expert for financiers, merchants. and captains of industry engaged in oriental undertakings and by writing for the French and foreign newspapers en oriental subjects. - MM.... 43 dih Letters for this deportment must be i---!4. C ..' ,,.., ,, 1,c Roik,- -,--,voci-,., c I 1 iiii, ',:;'4 101, , f i " , 4. ..., a i I, i t " . I - ' nik.f 'rr A ., -1. ,44:4,1'7-;,1',..i-,46---..,kj,.. ';14i, ilffP, I,' ': to. 1 I I,' W-9-41,1i t IL5; :I- 7.'''' 'WV Al; It'le 1 - . 41, r: A v,, tv.c.,..4-.At-.T ..:,., ,.rLIw r171:102.;, ,641, . is tio 47 t--- , - - - 0 -1, I ' ..-,11- .,--. ---------'---- zi-'-' , ., 11 -----'.-. - - t 1st , -- - -;------ ----..,- - -t.-..-. - stt4t'st. - L. -------F-- --,-1- -----,.t...,-, ,, e.--.zz,i,p --- --------1;-.;' ?t ----,'"'''--. - ; .. 111...t ...---------1014-- .-.) -- ---..., I 1 t The Friend of the People. ICANS WERE OVERLOOKED. Chicago, Dec. (1.To the Friend of the ' People.iOur ashes have not been called for oftener than once in three or four weeks. which means that it is almost impossible to get barrels and cans enough to hold them until they are collected. Should not these ashes be carried away by the city on an average of not less than once or twice a week? As we.have no yard and no vacant lots to put them In It is quite a serious tnatter. MAROARET 11. SULLIVAN. itIzna were overlooked by a new drier. There should be no further cause tor complaint. NV. J. OALL.IGAN. Assistant Superintendent of Streets. --e-- "SIXTEEN TO ONE." Chicago. Dec. 6.---(To the Friend of the Peop-ie.1What Was meant by the Democratic slogan. " 16 to 1?" J. G. II The adoption of a " silver plank in the platforms of the Populist. National Sliver. and Democratic parties in 1.Sta3 was based on the desire for a distinctively American financial system. The eontitution named silver and gold as the money metals of the United States and the act of 1873 demonetizing silver had resulted in an appreciation of gold which the parties named thought had resulted In the impoverishment of the people. The plank therefore demanded the tree and unhmiteit coinage of both sliver ard gold at the then legal ratio of 14 to 1 without wait-frig for the consent of the foreign nations In whose markets the values of these metals Cuctuated. I VOICE OF THE PEOPLE THE TRUTH AND GERMANV. Keokuk, Ia., Dec. 5.--(Editor of The Tribune.It is natural for a German or any one of German descent to stick for his fatherland, and he does not like to see any one reveal facts about Germany. I was born and raised in Germany. of an old Polish house in eastern Germany. However. I am not against Germany by any means. But I do not Care to hide facts of sorrow or prosperity. I read closely Miss Dotes statements about Germany's conditions and the criticism of her stories by others. I receive a letter now and then from my parents and brothers from the front. News from home agrees with Miss Doty's stories. Common salt costs 40 pfennigs; was 10 before the war. Potatoes, 5.60 marks a hundred pounds; meat. 2 marks a pound. The bread they get is mixed with potatoes and is always moist Kerosene is almost impossible to buy. same as coa), which is very scarce. Miss Doty's mistranslation of certain foodstuffs will not -change Germany's situation by proper words. I feel very sorry for those youngsters. there thousands like these two. even if they are being cared for. they don't get sufficient food to satisfy their stomachs. Growing children need more and proper food than grown persons. These youngsters are the coming generation and if they are underfed for a few years longer. should the war keep on. if they reach the age of 17. they will be morally and physically deficient on just a bread and potatoes diet. If the war should.' keep on twenty years. as Dr. Harry Richter said it might. can Germany war that long with these kind of men? Cannot England. France. and Russia keep in war twenty years also? Dr. Richter did not go to the right place to find the real cond.tons in Germany. Miss Doty did not misrepresent the actual conditions there. I have the same news from my home town; the factories are shut down and there is no life in the city. The young men are all gone long ago. One must look for the facts among working people in large cities as well as small towns. but especially where no travelers or foreigners are present. for fear truth might leak out. The army seems to get sufficient to eat and drink. whenever conditions permit behind the firing line. No wonder young men prefer joining the army voluntarily than stay at home. Hunger is worse than bullets. As bad as conditions are. yet the people are willing to suffer a little longer. " The war will end soon." they are told. and they read in papers the gains they are making. " another nation about to be wiped off the earth." and another " two million of Russians captured." and " four thousand cannon captured." But nothlng is being said about the German losses. It seems the people are getting restless lately and if they do find out the real facts war will end in six months. K. COMPARISON WANTED. Chicago. Dec. 7.--tEditor of The TrIb unel--Please give us an editorial on Greece and the allies and Belgium and Germany. I should Ilse to read an Intelligent comparison by your expert. A. XIMIS. NEXT th-rom the Nashville Tennesseeati.1 -4f 4 :CA i 0 eigned with names and addrusses of the Viikts. 1r Olt T1: 716 ES or WIR. Chicago. Dec. the Friettl it the Peoph- 1What a:e tIw loNses square ntit-s of terrt9ry by the cOicnie and the ct--ntral powers! rives,. inehalt, colon i a I poz.seasiots. D With the e,e obant;ing tattle lilies itniorwsit4c- f,r las to give more tt.,,o tra, te of the territorial Itasca in 'ate atm nem-ever. the of the celttrAl ciugling Ali-frier. Asiatic. and Paritie kliod pticoest;ionA. approlimates 1.13.O.fOrt "pet Tile territor3 of tile en Dna". Dow to ot the cottra: aLa. ounoutits tu ahout Aviary miles, validly dune PVeri the alx,eilee Sueb Imp tuenL T11113USE: LAW lEPARTMEVT. , et, Vi l'.IL'IsENT nuarrs S Mit LD C CON 1111:11.. - Bucyrus. 0.. Nov. 34.--ITo the Lent Friend of the People...IA ttovk cow sIntny In whj.h I ainInterested has rt. g1t contly inecrporatt d in the stzte of Ot.itt ith a capital .f '141.,,its. The irvenus of the a rtcl t hici is to he maltase. tured has reia;ned $1,uott of the tract The remaininz $.7.16,11 of t-ae stock ts ' et ,sohl to the lAti)lie. Can the illyrtirtit , retain $:t ( ) of the sto,k without psrisg wi anything upon it ? ,Can he present Am .n of the stock w hich he has retained tots - friends? I-low tinwh of tae total stock 03 must be paid beforo th;s comptss can do bus!ness? E. E. S. Y,Ps. if be con wcys big patent nerd, CA If the value of the pat. Lt is not so mail Vat g fraud can be charged. - ti 2 Yes. 3. The state requrcs thut PI per cent to paid in. but certlin sets of iustnslesabi - TR A l'FICIK I N G AA' I T It VILLA. Chicago, Iec. 5.I Editor of The Irib- t Une.1Your editorial on Vila, and the " Blancos Chinos." by which you seed to mean Americans: is a perfect ex- ample of this j ,urrialism of today. whick we might reasonably call "industrial' journalism: You seem to be inclined to consider everything from the stand- point of business. and ail your reason- ing has to he consequently. a reasoning of proflt and loss. This mode of think-, i ing cannot fail to endanger the tallitlof American journalism to the Point -, of rendering it unfit for its, so fan poorly performed sociological task natnir to create a sense of collective chic:tiff,: based On objects of rath.mal admire- tion. THS CH:CAGO Tit!ErSE qtrOUS hp its i hands at the thought of a resurrectei Villa. but its reasonine ability dose rot give a thought to the fact that Ore are in this country people nbate awe' ness it is to furnish Villa and allicher lawless bandits with plenty of 41.--1 - material. The Constitutionall.. boo ta lion (a rt I ,7, nt an eye witness el Its fact) at one single time more 011131'4 . brand Ill , t Vi S. Several brand new ma- - chine a :IIS. it nd several brand new - motor trek s at :t point near,Ilmenet. T One of the things about which yog Should really throw up your editorial hands - is t his : that there are In MI country t ra tb., h.. rs and speculators .... whose comm. reial ethics era a eattle to the nation. as trey would be foul. other nation. Those are the nits whit would hay from V:lia practically ON stolen cattle from Chihuahua at tit,' . eously iow rra-es. whit the shole If , ttP frontier p-puhitien. violenill Cl- possessed of tts scanty life comna.tat: was on the verge of starvation. 'Your voice has never been ni-4"1 against this ugly stain that not a fee of your Texas and New Ntegtee lators were inilieting upon yOttr egoanercial ethics: a phenomenon thot 1.': not at all unknown to mrst of the PI:17: can people. :)I. 1)f.t. cam 1 u nr. Is nuun ND HERE tig STA A' s. goo Chleago. IDec. Edit il 3r of t TribunejTo tell a man whops ept:11 we dont share ard whose criticism" don't like, to go wht re he Came troll i Is about the rudest stay of CisPoorAt ; of him. It Is at once a sign of ranee and arrogance. The German-Amertean has to gist I no (tries perrnisplon to b here. re 111 earned this right with his sweat 1M his blood. lie has been here front beginning. a. A. FaN-DRIM SM-.2 Sareamea scssi . , oun nurv IN MEXICO. 1 I Decatur. Mich., D. ii.,tEditot of 1 t The TribunejCommend to zne lour 1. editorial on The 'United States Ocit , i 1 to Take Mexico. Its way of stor3 t the situation is eon r cut convinexl 1 1 admirable Tiir 7.11:UtNE is !oolitic III 7 a move we rnust make sooner et toter. 1 for take Mexico we must and control lL Our policy in dealltig with lexicit boo i been based on the Wi15on-Democrat4, 1 theory that the Mexicans aro 0"11.... 1 tent to govern "-emselves. seasoned 1111-2 ad Grariny Erynn s pipe dream Poe- 1 i CUM ata It simply Is not true. ana rile' I i Mal men realize it if college professors 1, don't Your other editorials Lit tbe ; same issue are equal to THE Tiustico ; of lon g. ego: that one 0n7Involuntart t; Servitude 13 superb. a. .IL. 11.-Trrmult .; 11 i it 4 8, I I ' t 0 1 4 1 oeuill 0111 SloPsitialinmannommow . ----......., i , . . . ' . . - , , I 1, i ; , I . . . - . ; , . AY i t 0 1 A TIM - re-ITICI-V0,0 -DAMY TRIDUN'T FRID. 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