T SUPPLEMENT, LOGANSPORT, INDIANA, SUNDAY MORNING, JULY 5, 1896. PAGES 9 TO 12. MARVEL OF THE AGE The Magic of the Wheel Has Touched Every Branch of Trade. 'TIS A TOY TURNED TO A FIT USE Millions Have Been Diverted From the Customary Channels of Trade for the Bike. nusic, the Theatre, Jewelers, Liverymen, Steamboats, the Railroads Merchants, all Feel the Power of the New-Found King. HOW OTHER TRADES SUFFER IN ; , • A YEAR: ' Horses and Wverr... • • • • .?20,000,000 Pleasure Vehicles 15,000,000 : : .Harness and Saddles.,.:... 10,000,000 ' Pianos • • • 13,r.00,000 ; Tailoring 10.000,000 •i Cigars ...'.... T.000,000 ? . Jewelry 7,000,000 : - --. . Confectionery 0,000,000 ; - Dress Goods;.... •.••' «,000,000 Millinery -...'... '1.000.000 •; v .'. Watches' .4,000,000 .-. . Street .Railways 3,000,000 :'•' Whiskey and Lager. 2,500,000 '•; "BnHroarts, Excursions, etc... 2,500,000 v?)'Theatres ' 2,000.000 -•' '. 'Total .........$112,500,000 ; :.i In all the wonder story of. 'commerce £• and money dealings from the days o£, x^ the Phoenicians, there Is no chapter so •'.. astounding a« that whicn tells of' the '''.'..•'••/•bicycle.-'. ... '!„.-. • ' , ' •. "';• ; ; ; ; ,, A toyi it has/overturned the trade of. £j'' .nations within .the compass of five fleet-.: /v;X.ing year«.'> Serious people laughed nt It Jf... ;and called the folks who rode if'feath- :,:.;.cr-bralns." '..-•• •;• ; : . Today those eame serious people have ,v?/recalled their capital from world-wide Iv? enterprises and started It anew In. the: J' ; -'. bicycle business to save themselves, •;•;' from commercial.shipwreck. " .;'.-:• ''••"•-'•^••, The whirring of these cobweb wheels ;: --Vhaa been like the spider's spinning-si-: SX ient, wonderful Fortunes -have-been '?;.--•-.made as if by -magic. Men who five tv years .ago bad not the price of a .mass ?;/.: •" for '.their soul's sake, nor any apparent &'.' 'means of gettlng.lt, count their riches ?'•• 'now in. seven figures. Every .luxury :>'.'this world knows 'Is-'theirs for the ;V'; .'wishing. >•- • " ' v '••" :••'•'. '. .'" Xi, ; ' There have been South Sea bubbles >J •' ,and.fevers of .gold, and coal and oil. ;,./';'• But all this history, of imoney manias ••','•-'snows no parallel to:the bicycle fever. >'..'•'.' ''It; has set civilization • by the ears. J5j : vTrad£ls today a hodge-podge, and no ^v'i man, if all men are to bo believed, .la '•V/', .making money except the men -who )v' makes the bicycle. Moreover no .man S iSJP tell 1 •where It will end. j&:" The facts and-figures are appalling. |^ Commerce, for nll.Jfs keen vision, can<?-'.'?not read them aright. ;FJve years ago, i|i':; : 'in this whole wide country, not 60,000 •y$\? 'bicycles'•• were' made or sold, and the ^;- v 'aolld, stolid business men made mock' ($!'.".' ft !the "playthings." @- Mark the change. In this year of w^-grac'e and pneamattc tires, fonr-flftliB Jife "o* » million wheels -will be marketed S^.'-itt tne United States alone. ! li^- -The leaders In the.blcyctc trade say '•; ; ::o ••'•itttal; .'am average price for these ma$80 Multiply. There will been $66.000,000 spent thia year United States alone, for blcjcle 1 ?. IjiS The world Is bicycle mad. $?$;£ : Here i« $00,000,000 deflected from ihe !$fe^ordinary channels of trade and Into the |fr,ftbicycle pocket. Man, woman and child ^'^.-tlie '.^population of- ^'Christendom—•Lr $l~ ' awheel "Business hours" are only the t|;. Intervals, now, that must elapse be- H tween trips upon the wheel Honest Wl, debt* have no claim on attention. The Hk bicycle la a preferred creditor to every jff"< u nuin, ilch and poor. The butcher, the ;$ baker ami the candlestick maker may whistle for their pay so long as the bi- cyclo vendor Is well reckoned with. Firms which for a century have \venthcrod flnaneinl gales have stopped, •dead, in a twinkling, now. The money which used to flow into their coffers goes for bicycles. . The church? It is forgotten. The Sabbath? A cycling day. The theatre? Old-fashioned fun. .The horse? Token nud companion of gentletnnnhooU, a hack, browsing on the highway. Jewels? Watches? Clothing? Tne men who carried on those'industries have turned .their machinery to ,the .making of rubber tlves and ball, bearings. Tobacco has been forsaken. WLno. is mocked nt. Wheels and 'ginger pop. 'That Is the order of the day. Railroad dividends are 'decimated. Poltitcs .has become merely .a catering to the wheelmen's wishes. There was talk, once, of-a railroad lobby in-legislatures.'' Where Is it now? Bead the history of the Armstrong bill at Albany.. The bicycle bad'force there .which made the .railroad lobby look like a.-puling Infant • . ''•-And, more remarkable than the-more fact that It all has been done in flve abort years, Is tMs, rhat the bicycle,,in addition to deflecting money from all. the legitimate channels of trade, has Sept. people fromi spending . money which.they were able to,spend, would -have spontj In-ctber'ways'>of ".luxury. •That''Is the marvel of the sport. That to Its keynote. .. • The Sunday Journal'has,.during the : past week canvassed.the trades—the old fnsrioned trades which people used to sppnd their money on before the bicycle came to overwhelm everything else, and Set the world's nrarkeit at a standstill. It has learned of the millions upon millions-of money .TVhich are invested ;.ln the manufacture of wheels,'the Incredible profits which are reaped from their sole. '•• • ••' •..'.-• . •-• -'::. ':"••'. It has traced the money from the tills of shoe men, tailors, plnno men, confectioners, tobacconists",, horse dealers and Hvery -men, dry'goods men, railroads,, book sellers—every .trade and occupation. It has heard : the tales of woe which tradesmen tell of .haying to abandon their proper lines of business and start the sale of bicycles to keep,,from making assignments and going Irretrievably to the wall. The shrinkage In every line of business Is tremendous,. and the • trade' periodicals which voice the feelings of the business men are full of, complaining. Perhaps the best financial -and economic authority In America -Is the Journal of Commerce. .After Indicating the trades which have suffered most, the .Journal of'Commerce:, makes this editorial statement: "So iintaense are the retail, Jewelers wiho have taken up bicycles as a side tine that my newspaper publishes a list of them as a weekly feature. Among the maaufnaturers wbto have added to the making of watch wheels, those of the bicycle are the Dueber Watch Case Company of Caaitan. O ; the Illinoid Watch Company, which includes Hie Dlgln, King and tihe &. Howawl Watoh and Clock ComUpiny, of Boston. The Stanley Maaufaoturiog 'Oomapny, of New York City, to a sywllcato of New York dlorooiiid,Importers, and S. F. Myers '& Oo. ConCrol the Olympic wheel.- The Watarbuiy, «he. : .Seth'Tlioma6 Stari-. dard Woitch.Oonipa-ny are mow makliia; cyclometers and bicycle wa^chce. A very large stare of the $75,000,000 that goes Into bicycles tills yenr does so at tbe expense of .the watch and'jewelry trade. T!he rertaller suffers In the lack of safe of smiall articles, such as rings, pins, cliurms, .etc. : "It costs $25 a year at least to keep a btoycte to 1 'repaiir, and I toke no;account of the- money speM by cyelteto for reto^hiraimt, special ctotlilng, etc., but ;ill chese iit-ems po to keep r,hc wiieel- oien's pockar. drained of the spare, dlmrge, mmch of which formerly, went, over thp jeweler's counter. Tl-.e 2,000,000 cyclists o* fbe United Stiiies spctul nt least $00,000,000 ti year Inddentlolly •to' wlieeMinp. • It is u'Cxt to .impossible Co "'tell 'how much .money IMS'"been fli- vented ftwmi ttiie trade: Th'e. laet statls-. Of» -publislied- were for 1892, .when tbe •total oniitput of watolies Had clocks wad val'uexl air, $15,883,817, and for. Jewelry in 1890. wiban.-Wie;-total- was $28.000,000. 1 have lietivd It est.fcraa.ted llwt thp'Jew-. elry mud watdi tnide is.at present morii. than. 25 per cent, 'below, .tho norainl, ^ulc'h in a rough; es'Uuiate would show Wic business to be depressed, lii this year about $10,000,060.. We believe that •flhiis depression te. but temporary. Tlie enormous ; purehases of bicycles can ,uot go on for lauff. WH.Ii.ln a year or two the riaiug population will liave purchased *te wheels, and ifbtm' thera will be a Steady, logical business, m\v wheels beJng bought to replace those' that are worn oat, with a reasonable -mimber of first orders. Ttoe high coro- missilon will be doive a-wsiy with. Bicycles wd : U be a staple in the stock of i-eqtilsfte for iits enjoyment and does not think of buying extensive outfit essential itn former yeans to the summer girl. I would not undertake to say what percentage of the gross dry goods business of $1,000,000,000 annually in this conn- tiny is comprised by .the term dress goods, but it is. very, large, and the depression on.. the. adroiltited basis of 20 per cent.- muse .'. be reckoned In -very rounid aiuuibers." . '.. V/'Tlie ptaino business is over 50 per cent below. ; tlie normal" .said Mr. •'Charles Dlcknum, oC Decker Brothers, ''amd the trail of th'e bicycle Is over tt all. I.have traveled extensively during tlie. year, and everywhere tlie dealer telte the vsame story ^ People nre buying bicycles for cash, or on the instalment plain, to the neglect: of the pianos. Tlie establ'isli'inejQtB that rent pianos are doing -next ro nothing. Tlie class of people wflro canawt afford to buy a pianu onibrlght, but formerly rented them for $3 or !?4 a month; • are now renting wheels or paying for tliero on'monthly payments. Tlie output ol' piauos in the factories of the United States should be 00,000 ninnnaUy. Less than 40,000 \ytll be dfeposed' of. Speaking very ronjsrhJy, nud averaging thorn nt $300 eneli, tihere is a loss of at least $13,500,000 ou-itlhe year to tlie piano industry. "The-plttyoivs are all coiwln-g bore, and tliey itavGfail the same story to tell ,o£ the worst dieatrlcail season for years," su'ld Colonel T. Atotan Brown, of Sim- •moiHls; .& Bw>mo, dramatic agents. "Hundreds of combinations closed their season when the bluebfcrds.. began, to fiiug. They were' the wise ones. What was tiie cause? Ask them, and they reply in-one .word, 'Bicycles.' 'Tha only goo*l show Rights were tlie rainy .",' PRESIDENTIAL POSSIBILITIES^-HENBY: M.'TELLER. Henry Modre Teller, ol Colorado, who. recently left the_ Republican party beoaon of his views concerning silver: wai horn irtjSranger, AlleelUny county, fl. i : , A*™" L 3 ;S^L^ dealers : im .vehicles.. There will not be an' oyepproducbita or an over "In vestment of capital.; And : tiie bicycle will settle down *0 a live imd.let live 'basis.- Tfaen ^WJitchee will be.'baiigtit by the ow.n«irB of .'wheels and.'thei'e will. be money to 'Bpeod for .'-Jewelry and other luxuries.'!-' •".•. •' ' •-.-" '•' .. '.... . .. ,- •.-' :. "As to. the. effect of the bicycle- craze upon ^ie dry goods ••business,"/replied, Mr. S. H.-,Dl*cihet!t, managJttJg editor, of. .the Dry Goods EocttKttnlst: "I ,cah.,QnIy .call your attention to a roceut editorial in the Dry 1 Goods.EconoHitet, in 'which I spoke of the.cy<Jltag. mania as one.of Mie factors tbnt have .continued..to ; de- piess tlhe dress goods trade. "Most lotlles, especially young ojies, tastend of putting on expensive cos- tumes^anid calliag upon their friends or promenading, are at> present more apt to spend thalir spare time attired in cycling suits and spinning on the ever- populiar wteel. "Tthle deveK>j>ment Is by no means confined to the^iarge cit)l«s Even In manufaoturlrag town, Where the pay roll Is 'uniform throughout the year,.retailers report a shttokage In some cages as great a® twenty per cent. In their dress goods sales, wbMe dress goods de-" pai«meirtB In New York faity nre seriously conrtdertag the advisability of reducing the amimiber of their employes. •To thteOTfiwt be added the popularity of the shirt waJHt.wom by nearly every woman cyclM whtt dloes not appear to a special cyrtlng ganb. Thte depdeB^on extends to aU brondbes of tfbe ibusineas (affected by faslbtans. It Teduces the de- tnanid for mUllniery arid foi; outing gowuH; to fact, the wvimon op tho wheel Is ao devwted to'tbe recreation that -she " nights."' There were, .some big attrac- 1 tlons *hait made.money, but not what. •tliey, expected, .and that counts, of cwuise, as a. loss. The companies that played to. the cheapest, towns fared better, than .those who 'apealed to the iippor and niiddle classes. Business wns. not bad to:the.win!te.r. It was not until tihe sun began to'.'abtne.'oni smootli, dry roods tibatthte attendance fell off. Re- turns'from a s<%ire of good show towns niil tell the story,.of.the ravages of the bicycle.- The • 'ptlospents for summer opera .and. light eniteitailnments, which a few years ago .were great moneymakers, are very gfloomy, and many"experienced miamagens are declining to enter into the once profitable summer snap.' It remains to be seem wliat will be itbe effect on the New York roof gardens The managers are evidently fearful, for they are catering to the cycling fraternity already with in- tioiro.cemen.tB atf 'wlieete dheeked' and 'cycltag costumes permltbed.' A fair estimate IB 'that the theatrical season yielded about 40 per C6nlt - loss tnan J * rihiouM have done. Some of the returned managers in their claims of losses remind me, however, of the fellow who desperately amouioced that he had tost 1500,000 the previous summer because he dtd not have cattle to eat up flue gross which, Wad dried up In Montana during the hot months." ^At Bren/fcano'e a decline of at least 23 par cent, to the volume of light lead- Inj? novels anld periodicals was admitted which, for the want of any other tangible 1 Information, must be attributed to Hbe bicycle. People who spend thefr spare 'hours on wlieels do not buy tbe boob* wibioh they have no time to rcadi •'- Hastings'^ Mliler, dealers In photo- graphic supplies, declare that, the general ImiJresston to tlie contrary notwithstanding, the bicycle is doing very r U,ttIe to .encourage the amateur with his kodak.". losteuman'ts are today more perfect and cheaper than, ever, but bus- ass would be better by 50 per cent were tliore ho bicycles. . : It IB the railroads and steamboats that formerly dlid an enormous -excursion business to points near the large cities tluit dlirefttly feel the bicycle popularity. Every. Sunday 30,000 wheels spin over th'e roads of Long.Island;'New Jersey «nd Wastchester,. cmTjliis. as many people) who formerly sought sylvan shades "by rail-or boa/t. There nre bigger enoAVicls 'at Coney Island .than ever before, but there Is no difficulty In geit- t)l:ng a st>at on .the trains. There will not be a rival line of steamers to the beach this suiisiuer. a* there was last. One steamer seeu:s .".Me. to handle all of tbe Rockaway crowds. It is .1 very pleasant mu.to Hint resort on a bicycle. • .Dealers in liquors and lager beei I'niiim. tliiat nlie bicycle does them no good. Noi'gMwliood saloons are de seiMJpn nt night, Tha " erstwhile. cufi- mers am on iflualr wheels. Suburban gardens where there is dancing are not tnhtug In Wie cost' of tlie music. Tli<? fact te the cyclist does not drink iiitoxi- cants. Any road side or seaside iiUin- koeper win say this. The cyclist when 1» Acs di'tok,' calls for lager or soft stuff. There are a million, people. iMvbrel IMI any good Sunday. One out r;i' a hundred'will call for whfeke.v; that !s. .ten tihonsnnd whiskey drinkers: Allowing oath man one' drink, i which \vILl run sixty to the sfaltou. and. the con- .sr.ir.iptLoii of .ihiiird stuff by wheelmen w.!i-l annouint to .tout ISO. gallons :i day. Tin- remaftitasr 090.000 will average one frtes.of lager, soda, lemonade, or clnp- oivaJe. of'a half ikit each, or 02,000 gallons.. dniKy tlie' .consumption. of uon-in- coxlcamts lx*ig-345 dmes as great as tL«ifof.-lMird;stnff.. • - ' ; " - Tlie seashore.- and suburban liotels, \vli-!cl) have heretofore Iind their army of giiniiii-e.r boarders from tlie city, look forwaivl to the loss of .a .great part of this profitable patronage. The cyclist wJU prefer to reumlii to Now York, witii all the comforts of a home, pleased to 1>a able to mount.luis wheel at.a moment's notlce-amd.take .his outlug day by day wherever he Iteteth. "Same of -the expenditures for bicycles' mny have come out of savings, but such Information as we have from savings bonks, and building associations Indicates that a very small part of if has been. »o obtained. The deposits in savings banks in this State last, year were exceptionally large, and yet It Is evident without statistics that tlie expenditures for wheels was very, great. Most of tiie wheels nre in all probability bought with, money that would otherwise have been spent for dress or ornaments or house keeping expense?, or luncheons .or amusements. The diversion of anywhere from;fifty to seventy million dollars In a year from .the clothing and Jewelry and dry goods, trades and other lines of business catering'to comfort and/luxury, and to a certain ox- tent to real needs, also, will account, for a good deal of dullness of trade and. a good deal -of diminished requirements on the part of retoil merchants. Xo line of'trade has suffered .so great a proportionate loss, as the. horse trade.. The bicycle.hns killed the horse trade., -The. manager of the Windsor Livery S(tableej in Forty-ninth street, said: "Our business fell away fully 50 per. cent, last year,.'.There Is no use.'say- Ing that It was the" trolley cars'and cable cars that.did it, ;It was the r* cycle. We : bought for summer use twenty new runabout .wagons! They have never been off the upper loft of the .barni where they, were stored, from that day to this. Men who keep.their own hordes, and who have generally taken them alonjf to the countiy Io t' ; c summer time, are leaving them home this year, with Instructions to sell If opportunity comes Especially are saddle horses a drug In the market. We used to keep twenty. Sow there is no call for, them. You can get first-class horses now for wnat you would have to pay for an old carcass flve years ago Riding academies have failed and been turned Into bicycles schools Liverymen have, to mnny cases, disposed of all but a few of their horses and put bicycles in their stalls instead. The business Isidead. "Carriages are equally a diug in tho maiket and saddlery hardware firms have absolutely nothing to do JTallwe upon failure attests that Men wbo dealt In hay have no business, and so the farmer has no nuwtet for bis hay The bicycle won't eat hay Fully two- thirds of the livery horses have been thrown upon* the market, at any piice that could be gotten. ,, Worse J\lt^ v almost, than the_"horse- man to tlie tailor—the merchant Mr. Burnham, of the Burnham & Pbll- Jlps^flmi in Nassau street, represent* the most substantial upper middle clans of the trade. "Yes," he said, "tailor* reckon that tue bicycle furor, has diminished business fully 25 per cent, the countiy over, counting in all the modifying considerations.. The . "best clothes," the "Sunday, suit" so-called,.^ has been abolished," he.said. .."So has; .the ordinary sumeier suit. The bicycle, wiit v ready-made, cheap and -shoddJV am )>e bought for a five-dollar note; That-is what is worn on.' Sunday now. There is.no call for a man to be weil dressed. Jaunting through 'the country; on n bicycle. Without counting ,what possible compensating influence there may be. rb.e tailors" less would be fully 50 per cent. But tailors try to look at It in a moderate light, "People cannot smoke on a wheel, and the habit is consistent with the 'training' notion \ylilch the bicyclist-Imbibes.' The total product of cigars is 4.000,000,000, The consumption, reliable figures show, ta decreasing since tlie bicycle craze reached its present height averages no less than 700'000,006 a yeir. Do you know what that menus'? It means a-.shrinkage.' 1 'of, one-fifth, and' •more. That goes for wheels If this continues, there need be ho fear of ft famine in Havana tobacco for-the cl- , pars will not be needed nor the workman to make them, either." Tlie editor, of .tlie Jewelers' Wenkly said: "There is no doubt that the manufacturers of and dealers In' watches and Jewelry are tlie'hardest, hit of any of the trades at the present time A man'or woman with the prlccc of 'a; watch or a bicycle buys the .latter, Now that you inform me that Colonel Pope of the.Columbia wheel (and no one will question h!« authority) say»there were 550,000 bicycles sold In 1805 , ,and that S2,".000 more will pass Into ' the hands of the people this > ear I can. readily understand why thousands of. Jewelers all over .the country are sow selling bicycles and why ho many of our leading watch manufacturers hare • extended their plants-and are now making bicycles or bicycle goods The sale of 825,000 bicycles at an average of $St» each means that ?C6,000,000 Is to be ^ diverted from.ihe ordinary channels or trade' and go to enrich the. maker W wheels and their appurtenance, euch aa lamps, bells, cyclometers, locks, name plates! etc. which .will bring the total up to ?T5,000,000.-New York Journal^ A GOOD ROAD SUGGESTION. Pick up and Remove all Small Stones In the Streets. the agiitatloa of good road* througJioat the:coiun,try is being pushed, the people of iflie cMes islwuld not forget tliot there are many little Improve- nien<-.s in the. city's. liigliways tJiat, co»Ud be attended- to by the property owners'-withowt much, expense, -and which would result in vastly Improved' streets, "not .only 'or blcycie riding, bnt for carriage travel as .well. . There Is notOdng more, annoying, to. the driver of.a-veMde4ba«i to run over 'email stones to the streets. To be con- stumitly Jolted and Jostled about by these smnU obstruotJons is wearying'•to say the least To tihe wlieel rider the boulders of from two to'four iMtoe* , .im.diameter.are the bane.'of the rider'* existence. TMs is a matter which, CETT- be very easily remedied. If tbe wheelmen wdl joto -liauds witli the. propertsf': o^rners and use their hands wftb effect. It is suggested Uiait every wheeUnan- take the tronbJe to irfck.up the small stones on the street in. front of his place, of resiMeace. .Then If property -owner* . wiio -are not wheelmen '"will assist- the.: good work by doing as much, for their portion of the streets, the obstructions- will soon disappear and tihe. streets •will;, present a more slightly appearance, wlIL wearni'ucli.looiger airwl It will be a pleas-; ui-e .to ride without' fear of • splitting a rim on a boulder or sninsliing a wneei ^ by a collisloin. Try «hfe method of malting better roods ait home. ^ „_ AN IMMENSE Anstto DeWolf received a jbopy *ot~" the Boston Poet today contalniSng' thia-^ cnt of an immense tricyele'desljrne<fT6y *. his son, Jolin A. DeWolf, the, mechanl^ cal expeit of the Boston Woven Hose and Rubber company, who conceived ttie wlieel to ehow, tbe.'oompany's pro;* duct The tricycle weighs 340 pounds, ^ and the dimensions of the rubber tires- on tlie big wheels ore 15 feet, and- on f the steering wheel 0 feet The machuie- is geared to .forty-three. It takes eight men to ride this Immense wneel—font ^ on one side being geared to the wheel} A nnd fonr to tbe other.—Marion Chionlcle. > ^ i,^*SL, ..ivi'
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