The Native American from Washington, District of Columbia on May 26, 1838 · 3
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The Native American from Washington, District of Columbia · 3

Washington, District of Columbia
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Saturday, May 26, 1838
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WASHINGTON. ''Our Country?always right?but, right or wrong, our Couutry.*' SATURDAY7MAY 26,1838. orriCE ON E STREET, IN THE SQUARE IMMEDIATELY WEST OF THE BURNT POST OWICE. DR. T. D. JONES, Editor pro tempore. TO NATIVE AMERICANS THROUGHOUT THE COUNTRY: Fellow- Citizen?: I am directed, by the President and Council of the Native American Association of the L'uittd States at Washington City, to invite you to form in the different counties and cities of the several States, auxiliary Native Associations to be united with us in this cause. I am also instructed to call your attention to the necessity of authorizing a committee of such of those societies as may be formed, to prepare, in your name, memorials to Congress; to be presented at the early part of the ensuing session, praying for a repeal of the laws of naturalization. Your fellow-countryman, HENRY J. BRENT, Corresponding Sec'ry. of the Notice Am. Assoriition of the U. S., Wash. City. THE NATIVE AMERICAN. This paper was established here, about ten months ago, with the view of promoting the best interests of the country by establishing a national character, and of preventing tlie alarming swarms of immigrants who are incessantly landing on our shores from participating in the management of our Government, and to stop this threatening current from farther pressing upon us. Also, to cut off all who do not now possess the legal right, Iroin ever hereafter approaching our ballot-boxes. These are our avowed objects, the necessity of consummating which has been constantly urged, and, wc trust, to the satisfaction of all our countrymen, as far as we have been able in so short a time. The paper thus far has been sustained chiefly by the patriotic contributions of the citizens of Washington, to theif undying praise be it proclaimed. But it is the duty of all who feel an interest in the couutry to aid in its support; and we therefore appeal with confidence to our countrymen, throughout its whole extent, to unite with us in this elfort. But zeal, however great, will not accomplish an object coupled with labor and great costs. The sinews of all war, whether against principles or men, consist somewhat of money; and this is indispensable, when we have to make wiuss for our creed to secure its passage to our countrymen in distant States. We look to neither reward nor profit; nor yet do we, nor any of our co-laborers in this beluif, covet even adequate compensation for our labor. But we do ask, indeed we require, for our farther continuance, the support of every Native American in this District, until additional aid can be had from other places. The number of subscribers here id about 500; but that is not sufficient. In a few days a well known, discreet and faithful ageut will be sent among you for youtaubscriptions. Brothers and friends, we shall expect you individually to do your duty. MESSAGE FROM THE PRESIDENT. On Thursday last, document No. 870 of the House of Representatives, was published, containing the correspondence between the Treasury and State Departments and our Consuls and others, on the subject of paupers and convicts introduced among us.' To this document is appended two extracts from an Irish newspaper entitled the '"Truth Teller," published in New York, which are political pieces justifying the importation of paupers on the one side, aud reproaching the authorities of New York on the other, for their endeavor to enforee the municipal regulations against that evil. What connection these tirades, cut fiom a newspaper, can have with the words of the resolution of Congress, in obedience to which the correspondence is communicated, or with the subject to which it refers, or how they are interpolated with the letters, we are at a loss properly to understand. We think, however, that they must have been appended to the other papers surreptitiously by some foreigner in the servicc of one of the Departments, so as for party etfect, and to indulge an alien feeling and desire to spread a defence before the people at the expense of Congress and under the apparent sanction of public authority. We look upon thS as an insult to our Representatives; and we trust they will inquire into the motive that actuated it. This important document, having rome to hand too late to be introduced into our paper of this week, will be published entire in our next; and we call the attention of our countrymen to it iu advance. CHARGE OF SELFISHNESS REFUTED. We are often accused of selfishuess in wishing to exclude foreigners from the enjoyment of all the privileges of citizenship, and we esteem it just as selfish to refrain from distributing among them out property. Self preservation is the first law of uature and paramount to all civil enactments. The destruction of t'e life of a fellow being is divested of criminality when it is absolutely necessary to save our own; and the man who, under such circumstances, slabs to the heart even a brother, is held perfectly justifiable in all civilized communities. If then the taking of life in self-defcnce incur no imputation of guilt or blame, bow can we be charged with selfishness in wishing to withhold from foreigners the immunities of citizenship, when such a measure is absolutely necessary to preserve to ourselves those inestimable blessings which, while they were obtained for us at the cost of life, we justly prize still dearer than life? The charge is preposterous. Continue to extend to the immense crowds of foreigners that are constantly rushing into our already injured country, the rights of citizenship, and in a short time, thruugh their increasing numbers aud demoralizing influence, we shall be deprived of all control over our own Government, and become the impotent subjects of foreign ignorance, cupidity, disorder and misrule. We dare not trust our property, our lives, much loss our liberties, to the mercy and direction of those who have no kindred feelings with us, aud who, like the adder, when warmed into life by our kindness, will ungi awfully pierce ua with its deadly sling. Foreigners who emigrate iuto our country, profess to know all about our institutions, and to admire the wisdom and valor of our ancestors, the excellence of our institututions and the justice of our laws; surely then they ougiit to be williug to leave the legislative, judicial and ministerial functions of the Government to the management of those whose skill has been tried and received their approbation. Ar? free institutions so common in the world as to be matters of but little solicitude? No, they are enjoyed by the people of this Union only, and are therefore deserving our highest consideration, and should excite in us the deepest concern. Our fathers bequeathed tliem to us, we should preserve them. They are our birthright?who, not of us, dare claim to divide it with us? If foreigners can live under our laws nnd government five years, according to the requirement of the same, without enjoying any of the rights of citizenship, why may they not do to for a longer or an indefinite period? Do they suffer any wrong or oppression during the period of their probation? No. They are protected, by prompt and impartial administration of law, in their personal rights, and are unrestrained in liberty of conscience. No good reason then whatever can be assigned for tbeir pertinacious desire to become citizens, other than a design to wrest from the natives their government through that easy and hitherto unguarded channel, the ballot box? the very thing instituted for our independence and safety, is to be made the instrument of our heedless ruin!! With as much justice would an obtruder who had been indulged with our habitual bounty, on its being withheld, claim of us a support. If they be so devoted to a republican government, why do they not imitate the noble example of our forefathers, whose deeds they so much applaud, and raise ihe standard of revolution in their native countries, and exercise the natural right of remodelling the governments of their own countries. If they have any idea of a republican form of government, they ought certainly to know that the great principles that lie at the foundation of it are, that all power belongs to and emanates from the people; and that they can delegate and resume it al pleasure, sccvndein legem. If then it be their right to create for themselves a government of their choice, why do they not throw off their old government and establish a new one, such as will best suit them; and if ours be preferred, let it be made their model. Is it the gibbet or the scaffold that they fear? Ifsi? they do not deserve the blessings of a free government. "For a nation to be free, it is only necessary that she wills it." A people who dare not will to be free are only fit to be slaves. If they lack valor to obtain freedom at home, they will lack discretion to preserve it abroad; and we shall be recreant to the memories of our revolutionary sires and the dearest interests of our posterity, if we further hazard our free institutions by suffering such people to participate in the control or direction of them. We have lately seen an account of an African-born aJbiness, represented to be 23 yeais old, of low stature, well made, pink-colored eyes, with long, flowing, graceful, perfectly white hair. We have ourselves had an opportunity of seeing this variety of the negro in Virginia, not long since, a case of very singular character: which singularity convinced us, independent of testimony, that the person alluded to was in reality an albino. It was a male of about 20 years of age, whose skin, cxcept for the freckles, was very fair, with pale eyes, the cornea or centre, which was of a pewter color, the sc/uerotica, or circumference, reddish, defective in vision or near-sighted, impatient of sun light; with fii/.iled liairof a sun-burnt hue. The singularity in this case by which we were satisfied of its being a "sport of nature," from which the albino receives his distinctive traits, was the fact, as attested by the members of a respectable family, that this boy was twin to a sister who was of the darkest shade, the mother of them being equally dark, and all being the slaves of the family above mentioned. Thus presenting the curious spectacle of a twin brother and sifter, the one perfectly white, the other perfectly black -the children of very black parents. These parents had other children, atnong whom was one other of the albino variety, similar to the one described, all of whom we, and two of our friends now residents of this city, saw at the same time, one of whom having resided in the above named family for several years, is familiarly acquainted with all the circumstances. The skin of the negro receives its complexion from a black pigment deposited under the cuticle, the color of other tissues of the body depend likewise on the modifications of this pigment; and the general light complexion of the skin, hair, 8tc. of the albino, is owing to the ab sence of pigment, in the opinion of some physiologists. EVEHY MAN FOR HIS OWN COUNTRY. The French in New York had a numerous meeting on the ISth of last month, and appointed a committee of fifteen to cany into effect certain resolutions in honor of the expected arrival of the Prince of Joinville. One of these resolutions authorizes the Consul General to invite the French of that city to join, and be presented to that illustrious personage. We have no objection to this excursion of the titled visitant, although the attribute of royalty does not fall mor? softly upon our republican ears, disguised under the style of "Ihe Son of a citizen King." This is to be taken, in a national and political sense, as a manifestation of obedicnce to the law of crowned heads?"once a subjert always a subject." And the willing votaries, though laboring under the oath of exclusive allegiance to the United States, do not scruple even to make a parade of renewing their pledge to royalty, and to utter aloud the juramenium prcestare principi. Who blames them? Not we. But we reproach ourselves, our law givers and the law, that even with this proof before our eyes of how useless it is to purchase patriotism froin abroad, we still encourage the unnatural effort. Fellow countrymen, we should have none holding rights, political, in our land on whom others hold claims of homage, fealty and service. Our efforts are, having a community of interests, to make us a nation of one feeling; and this can only be done by maintaining exclusive rights and making us one exclusive people. The first great step to this is to repeal the laws that put the stranger upon a fooling with ourselves. In aid of this, let all join who love tlTfeir country. INFLUENCE OF IMMIGRATION UPON OUR BREAD STUFFS.. The exports of bread stuffs in 1793, were $7,649,887. The imports of wheat alone, in 1837, exceeded in value #3,000,000. In 1811 our export of Indian corn was 2,790,880 bushels; since then it has been decreasing, and in 1834 it was only 437,174?a diminution of more than 5-6ths of the whole exports. The quantity of grain used in distillation in the United States has increased greatly within these periods. In 1801 the spirits distilled were ten millions of gallons; and by the returns of the Marshals, giving an account of our manufactures in 1810, it appears that the quantity distilled in that year exceeded twenty millions of gallons, about three-fourths of which was from grain?as rye and corn yield about 2 1-2 gallons of spirits per bushel, it follows that the quantity of grain disposed of in that way in one year was about six millions of bushels. The export of beef has changed also very much in quantity since the population has begun to increase so rapidly from foreign sources. Thus in 1804, 125,052 barrels, while in 183.i it was only 54,40(5 barrels. The trade, to distant countries, in pork has also fallen, as in 1803 it was 90,408 barrets, and in 1830 only 37,923 barrels?a reduction of two-thirds, and the evil, besides the failure in raising eno.ugh, is that with the diminution of quantity has come its correlative increase of price. In 1833 the domestic exports of vegetable food amounted in value to $9,839,168; in 1834 they were reduced to $7,880,177. The answer of the Rothschilds to a proposition to invest their funds in speculations here, is a commentary upon our condition?that '?'they thought very little of a na jton that importt Us bread." The United Slates Gazette states that on the 2d July next, at Trenton, N.J.,an extensive military encampment will be displayed and continue four days, to improve the military discipline. This exhibition is to receive accessions from Philadelphia and New York by invitation. But what excites the greatest, interest is the place of parade, the old Revolutionary ground, which calls "up in our minds the most thrilling reminiscences of "th? days that tried men's souls." The New York Correspondent of the National Intelligencer in a Utter of May 4, has the following paragraph: ** Among the removals the new collector has made in the Custoin-house, is one of extraordinary cruelty?that of Mr. Thompson, a ganger, whose father was a revolu- j tionary soldier, and whose brother, Lt. Col. Thompson, lately fell fighting bravely at Withlacoochee in Florida. That gallant death of a noble brother, that hereditary nobility in every man of the revolutionary stock, availed him nought, and his place is filled by Alexander Ming, Jr. While the McGubbins, and McKibbins, fresh from Tipnerary, the ink on whose naturalization papers is hardly dry, whose allegiance to a monarchy over sea is not yet oil", obtain American honors and emoluments! the Thompsons can lay down their lives for their country, hut the McGubbins can get more votes in the Sixth Ward!" The author, who writes in the true spirit of a Native, with which we are very inuch pleased, has affixed the sign of admiration to his concluding periods; but thecir cumstances which he relates will, judging from present ap pearances, soon cease to be matters of wonder iu consequence of their common occurrence, and instead of sign* of admiration and astonishment, we must substitute something more appropriate to the occasion, signifying indignation and disgust. These are the feelings excitcd in our mind to a degree unutterable. We must trace these abuses to their source, and, waiving all restraints, come out openly and personally against the guilty, till a disposition is manifested to remedy the evil of which we so justly complain. To the people the task belongs; and our paper, and those of similar principles, are the fit instruments by which to effect a reform; and while we are able to wield a pen, it shall be employed, with whatever ability we possess, in this holy cause, till the evil is removed aud our wroags redressed. May high Heaven frown upon these unrighteous deeds! Muy the People?the abused, insulted People?despise aud crush the reckless perpetrators of them! '?THE CAT OUT OF THE BAG." "We h:ive constantly referred to the fraudulent votes given at the late Charter election. The following Police report from the Courier and Enquirer, explains fully how this has been effected: "Police, Tuesday ?On Monday a ragged looking fellow, who gave in his name as Samuel Baird, was arrested for stealing a pair of boots worth $7, from No. 7, Wall street, lie had no defence to make against the righteousness of the charge, and was committed to prison to await his trial at the ensuing Sessions. While there he stated that he with 179 others arrived in this country in August last, in the Ontario from Liverpool, and that himself aud 40 others went to work on the Croton water works, where they continued until 'near the last charter election. At that time, Mr. Joseph Black, one of the overseers, brought to this city during the election forty of the workmen, (himself among the number,) whom he boarded in the Seventh Ward, and who all went up to the polls of that ward and voted the Loco Foco ticket, alter which the whole posse was taken to the Fourteenth Ward, where they voted the same ticket, after which they returned to their work on the Croton works. Comment on such conduct is needless." These are the wretched beings not worthy to be called human, in comparison with whom the society of bruits would be pleasant?who are made our political equals and participators, who exercise to the same extent that we do that tremendous power, the sacred, free and unrestrained lisht of voting, at all times aud on all occasions, whether lawful or unlawful, as the above account given by one on the spot, coming to us sealed with the testimony of an eye witness, sets forth. And almost every place where an election is held, a similar fraud is practised again and again. A people who has no more respect for their safety, than thus to suffer their highest political right to be abused and themselves trifled with by brutish herds of foreigners, neither appreciate the value of liberty nor deserve to enjoy its blessings. Mr. Maffit.?Concerning this gentleman, the editor of the Vicksburg Sentinel has the following: "We have heard some of the most bewitching orators, both of the forum and the pulpit, in the United States? we have heard Preston, Clay, Bishop England and McDuffie?but for imagery, enunciation, intonation, and a deep knowledge of the human heart, Mr. MaiHt stands unequalled." Without in the least wishing to disparage Dr. Hagan's countryman, as an orator, we must say that we dissent from hi .n in tolo. We have repeatedly heard Mr. Maffit? but he is inferior, according to our notions of an orator, to at least three of our natives?viz: Lorenzo Dow, John Randolph, and Davy Crockett. As to real, go ahead, pulpit, brimstone eloquence, Henry B. Bascouib, of Kentucky, will transport his whole congregation to the Infernal Regions and envelope them in flames in less time than it will t^ke Maflit to light a lucifer match ?Ateu> Orleans Picayune. We insert the above, because we think the ridicule applied by the New Orleans Picayune, so just and so opportune. We have no objection to the most flattering display of enthu3iasin from this Irish editor towards his countrymen; but we do object to this invidious comparison, the pedantic and fulsome way of making it, and the still, if possible, more false conclusion. We are of the number of those who deprecate mobs under any possible pretence. Whatever indignation or disgust we may feel?whatever injury we may suffer, our passions should always be subjected to the salutary restraints of law. When this barrier is broken down, who can foresee the end?who does not contemplate the consequences with dread and horror. Private malice may implicate the innocent; and property, liberty, life, be in jeopardy. But who is to discriminate between the guilty and the innocent?the infuriated mob? Who is the Judge<--lhe instigator? Even he himself may become the victim to its rage. We think that one of the best preventives for the mobspirit is to be found in contemplating the revolutionary scenes of France in the days of Robespierre and Danton. After all we must confess that we believe a case possible in which we should deprecate the cause as much as the consequences of a mob. The Abolition Kiotat Philadelphia?Further Particulars.?'The cost of the Pennsylvania Hall, which was a new building, purposely erected for a sort of Abo liiion college, is computed at 40,000, The audience of 3000 at the Hall, Wednesday evening, was composed one half of women, and of white and black people. Mr*. Maria W. Chapman of Boston was one of the females who spoke. The firemen were not allowed by the mob lo play u|>on the Hall, nor to attempt to put out the fire, but only to prevent its extension by keeping the adjoining buildings wet. The Sherilf, Col. Watinough, was somewhat bruised by the mob. A store with abolition works was broken open and the volumes scattered in the street. A late law ot the State will oblige (he public authorities to pay for the destruction of the Hall. As an indication of the feeling that prevailed, it is said that the house of a poor widow, adjoining, having been injured to the amount of some tiliy dollars, a collection tor her benefit wms set on foot, and money collected to the amount of four hundred anil seventy dollars. The immediate cause of this popular outbreak is said to have been the ridiculous and ostentatious amalgamation of colors in Chesnut street, during hours of fashionable promenading. Whites and blacks, arm-in-arm, were thronging the streets by scores, whereat the populace became greatly excited. Mr. Banks, elected (in place of Mr. Patton, resigned,) by 13 votes over Mr. Slaughter, appeared in the House of Representatives and took his seat on the ? instant. Th? New York Weekly Whig says: " Preparations are making for erecting a new building for the Athen?um.M Our City has a building on Pennsylvania Avenue, with this classical name. Will the Now Yorkers pattern after our classic taste in occupying their edifice with a Bil liard-table? CONGRESSIONAL. ! IN THE SENATE?May 22, 1838. The bill to recharter the District Banks was superseded by Mr. Benton's substitute, extending their corporate existence to the 4th July, 1840?with theqg provisos: that they are, 1. To cease receiving or paying out all paper currency of less denomination than ou or before the day of the promulgation of this act. 2. To redeem all their notes of the denomination of #5 in gold and silver, from and aAel* the first day of August in the present year. 3. To resume specie payments in full on or before the first of January, 1839, or sooner, if the principal bunks of Baltimore and Richmond should sooner resume specie payments in full. The Cumberland Road bill has passed both Houses, and only waits the probable approval and signature of the President. It appears by a communication from the Secretary of the Tieasury to the Senate, in obedience to a resolution of Mr. Clay, that Government dues are and will be received in the paper of those banks which pay specie aiid do not issue notes of a lower denomination than $5. A message from the President to Congress, proposes to delay the removal of the Cherokee Indians for two years, and to give them also more money as an inducement to remove, giving rise to a warm debate in the House, it was referred to the Committee on Indian Affairs. A bill is before the House proposing to take down the' new Treasury building partially erected?said to be neither substantially nor conveniently constructed, nor suitably located. We are glad that a bill is reported by the District Committee to make (even) temporary provision for certain lunatics. We intended to have accompanied the publication of the communication signed " A Citizen," in our last number, with some remarks of our own, but were prevented from a want of room. We will now only observe that we have read the reviewin the Naval Magazine, and think the author deserves all that " A Citizen" said of him. We would respectfully suggest to the proppr authority to detail the officer of our TJavy who wrote it, for geological duty, and confide to him the examinations which are now. without the shadow of a law, entrusted to one who calls himself" The U. S. Geologist," but who, in our opinion, is not qualified for the service in any one particular. We have understood that this individual has two ofthe best rooms assigned to him in the War Department, and receives $8 per day. We inquire for whose benefit ? We understand that Col. Peter Force, Mayor of our city, has published a work on the "Culture of Silk and the rearing and management of the Worm." This swb ject is beginning to attract general attention. It has hitherto remained little more than speculative in this country, but bids fair very soon, we think, to become one of practical importance in a national point of view. We have not yet read the work, but it is said to comprise translations from the Chinese and other works, condensing all the knowledge, experience and skill of those who have been epgaged in the business, at home and abioad. From what we know of this gentleman, we feel justified in saying that his name is a sufficient guarantee for the utility of the work. The silk-worm and the honey-bee are perhaps of all other insects in the world, the most important to man, from the abundance and excellency of their supplies. ' We say to our correspondent W., that we are happy to see expression of good feeling in regard to the result of our rebuke directed towards a certain quarter. We will lay to heart his exhortation "not to be weary in well doing." We assure him of our continued ardor, and we expect all concerned to do likewise. A knowledge oI facts would satisfy every one that our zeal is unfeigned; and we are resolved to "hold out faithful to the end." Where the end will be, must necessarily depend on two contingencies?the extent of patronage and the ultimate triumph of our cause. The one must in a great degree depend on the other. A heavy responsibility rests upon the American people. Let them not shrink from it, at whatever sacrifice, or they will bring down on them the just and bitter curses of a defrauded and ruined posterity, for having failed to transmit to them the country and her institutions, free and unincumbered, as they received it from their ancestors To them the solemn question is submitted?how w\H you decide? The deaths in New York, during the week ending the 19th of May, were 106. The Prince de Joinville and suit have landed in our country, and are now (25th) in this city; his squadron lying iu Hampton Roads. The Mississippi Senators in Congress seem only to have been chosen for speed?one being a Walker, and the other a Trotter.?Martinsburg Gazette. New York goes ahead of Mississippi. She has raised a Gallup.?Ed. N. A. A fellow in Virginia having whipped his wife, was ducked in a pond by a party of young lads, whom he prosecuted for damages. The Jury brought in the following: "Samed him right." [ Suq. Register. And so say wc.?[Ed. N. A. Extract from a letter to a Member of Congress from a friend in Mississippi. " The times are truly alarming here. Many plantations are entirely stripped of negroes and horses by the marshal or sheriff; and, to add to our other difficulties, our bank paper is getting worse and worse every day. We cannot get plantation supplies jfcr less than double New Orleans prices with our money. Suits are multiplying?two thousand five hundred in the United States Circuit Court, and three thousaud in Hinds County Court. Silver is demanded, and our citizens threaten violence and bloodshed. NVcare in a bad situation."?Globe. Holibul, (Pleuroneclet Hippoglouu*.)?The liver ol this tish has often a nauseating eli'uet, producing severe retching, and violent long continued vomiting. Desquamation of the cuticle sometimes results. We mention the I'act now, because we saw an interesting instance ol its etttcta a few days ago. in the person of a medical gentleman of this city. We met Dr. F. lie looked pule and haggard; his eyes were blood-shot, and the skin was peeling troni his face. On inquiry he informed us that he and his family had eaten the liver of holibut a few days before, and that five cf them were taken with great nausea, followed by violent retching and'vomiting, which ceased in a while, but after the intermission of near an hour, commenced again and so kept alternating for some time. In all five, we believe, desquamation ot the cuticle of the face took place to some extent. I he vomiting was so violent as to occasion rupture of the minute vessels of the eyes, thus giving to them the blood-shot appearance. A Villain?A man named Hosea Smith, went into the neighborhood of Fleming ton, (N. J.) in the character of a clergyman, and after ingratiating himself into the ?ood craeM of ? respectable family, he married one of tiiem. It is since learned, that the villain ha* a wills living in Yates county (N. J.) Hanging is too goo<l for such hypocritical scoundrels.?Bait. Sun. Vfry Proper.?A clergyman, who had been fleeted to the Legislature ol Maine, returned his credentials to the House and resigned his seat: on the grounds, 1st, that he was a minister of the Gospel, and in that capacity had duties to attend to, which he considered of more impflrtance than any he could discharge there; 2d, he was elected Without his consent, and against his avowed wishes; and 3d, his mind was devoted to such subjects as would render him incapable of doin^justice to his constituents.?N? Y, Star. "Custom House.?Th& list of removals it is said was decided upon by a couftcil of appointment or Cabinet, and the errort committed in advancing aliens over the heads of Americans, are attributable to this influence. Whether John Targee or John W. Hardenbrook was prime mover in the matter, we are not told?but the whole affair has produced a deep sensation throughout the city."?New York paper. The Colonization Society.?The Louisiana Colonization Society purchased a territory in Africa on the southern bank of the Sinoe* on which a colony of blacks fVom this State will be planted ?the settlement will be called Louisiana. Mississippi is to purchase an adjoining territory to be populated by negroes from that State, and called Mississippi, and so on with the whole United States, until an empire is formed which will be styled "the United States of Africa." The States which have no negroes, are to send abolitionists to represent them in this dark shallow of the nation.?>Baton Rouge GaZi ACCIDENT AND LOSS OF LIFE. Uh Monday morning, while some workmen were engaged in pulling do a h the walls of No. 60. Broadway, New York city, one of them fell, and huried beneath the ruins several of the men engaged. One man* named Thomas Mullen, was taken out deadi and another named Michael Dalton, was taken to the hospital so seriously injured that his life is despaired of. Another one, a lad named Dally, was much injured, and was taken to his residence, but he is pronounced out of danger. Several others were more or less injured, but none dangerously. [ Baltimore Sun. Fatal Affray.?About a month since an affray took place in the streets of Randolph, Tenn., between a Mr. A. G. Woodson and Mr. Charles Scott. In consequepce of the latter refusing to accept a challenge from the former, he atlackcd him in the street and attempted to shoot him, but Scott fired first and shot his antagonist in the neck They then closed, and Scott again shot Woodson in the heart, of which wound he died. Scott Was cleared by the examining court. Magnificent Donation.?It is stated that Isaac Watts, of Mississippi, deceased, has bequeathed his entire estate* valued at $400,000, to the Colonization Society, and that by his will he emancipated the whole of his slaves?170 in riiirtibef. Bicknell's* Reporter states that there are one Hundred and fifty-six Mills in Lancaster county * Pennsylvania, and that they consume ahnualiy about 5,000,000 bushels of wheat, which is all raised in the same county. Collector's Office, City Hall, May 24, 183$. T^AX NOTICE.?Those persons whose taxes remain unpaid, and who may purpose paying at the Polls on the day of election, are itilbruied that the law does not make it the duty of the Collector to receive taxes at the Polls, but requires his attendance at his office. In oidcr to accommodate, as far as possible, such persons as cannot conveniently come to the office during the usual hours, the Collector wilt attend at his office from 8 o'clock to 2, and from 8 to 7, every day during the v\? ek preceding the election. Those who wish to avoid inconvenience and delay, from the number of calls that uiitv be deferred until that day, would do well to have their . taxes paid previously. Notice is also given, that all taxes in arrears for yean prior to 1837 are required to be paid at this office, and that the law will, in a short time, be put in force against all delinquents. May 26tw A. ROTH WELL, Collector. CCABINET AND CHAIR FACTORY, on Louisiana J Avenue, between Sixth and Seventh streets, immediately noith of the Bank of Washington. The subscri-4 ber will keep constantly on hand fdr sale, a good assoitment of Cabinet Furniture, Fancy and Windsor Chairs of his own manufacture; and likewise an assortment of Parlor and Nursery Arm Chairs, direct from Boston, which will be sold low for cash; or, on accommodating terms, for approved paper. QCJ- Old furniture taken in exchange for new. A good assortment of Mahogany will constantly bfJ kept on hand, and sold low for cash. Funerals attended to upon moderate ferttxii May 19? JAMES WILLIAMS. ! |^RENCH AND AMERICAN PAPER HANGINGS. X ?S. P. Franklin has just received at his store.- on Pennsylvania avenue, three doors west of Dr. Wuh Gunton's, a very complete spring stock of French and American Paper-hangings of the newest style. Aito Borders, Landscape and Historical views, fire board pieces, &.c. of the richest colors and patterns. May 5?-31. NOTICE.?J. PERKINSj Hduae, sign, arid OnTa* mental Painter, has removed from his old stand, to one door east of the Native American Hotel, Pennsylvania Avenue, where he will be pleased to attend to those who may favor hinl With their custom. He has employed experienced hands to do Burnish Gilt Looking glasses. Picture Frames, 8cC , in fashionable superior style and workmanship. Old irames regilt, as wlien new; all'of which will be supplied to order, at low?f prices than can be procured elsewhere. MPORTANT INFORMATION to persons afflicted with the following complaints, viz: Scrofula, Leprosv, Salt llheum, St. Anthony's Fire, Fever Sores, even wbeu the bones are affected, White Swellings; Violent Erup< tions, after measels, Scurvy, Foul Festering Eruptions, Pimpled and Carbuncled faces, Sore Eye*,Sore legs, Scald Head, Ulcers, Venereal Taints, when Mercury has failed, and all disorders arising from an impure state of the blood and humors?are assured that Dr. Rf.lfe's Botanical Drop* continue unrivalled, for the prevention, relief, and cure of these complaints. In proof of which fead the following remarkable cure of a case of 12 years' standing.1 Extract of a letter. ''Sir: My leg, which before did not look like a human limb, is now entirely healed up, (after resisting, every other application for 12 years') Previous to taking your Relfe's Botanical Drops, 1 had glvtn up all hope of relief. Another Case. An agent writes, "There is a person taking the Botanical Drops, evidently with the greatest advautage." He declares, to me his own words, "It is doing wonders for him," and is, as it were, "snatching him from the grave." Numerous instances have occurred where persons were pining away a miserable existence, nothing they could procure affording them permanent relief, Until they h id made use of the above invaluable Medicine. Thev are also the best Spring and Autumnal Physic. Price 91. or 6 bottles for #5. For sal by w 8. J. TODD, i March 21. Washington, D. C. recommended by the medical faculty. ' IV^LODOAUDO HOWARD'S Improved Compound jC Fluid Extract of Sarsaparilla, for the cure Of Scrofula, or Kind's Evil, Chronic Rheumatism, Syphilitic and Murcunal Diseases, White Swellings, Obstinate Eruptions of the Skin, Ulcerous Sores, Pains in the Bones, General Debility, and all Diseases requiring the aid of alterative Medicines. The Extract is prepared from an improved formnU, sanctioned by ncientific Physicians and PhurmactiUuh, and is decidedly the most active, efficacious, and couvcnient preparation in use. . {(CJ- Mercury is only added when regularly prescribed. It should be used, where circumstances will admfit, under the guidance and direction of a physician. Carefully prepared from selected materials, at my Pharmacy, near tne 7 Building*. Also for sale at many of the Drug Storea in Washington, Georgetown, Alexandria. Baltimore, and throughout the United States. FLODOARDO HOWARD.

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