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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OT NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. L—NO. 208 BlythevlUe Courier BlythevUle Daily Newi Mississippi Valley Leader BlythevUle Herald BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS. SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 27, 1954 EIGHT PAGES Published Daily Except Sunday SINGLE COPY FIVE CENTS US to Press Vigorously For Airmen Pattern Repeats-New 'Vigilance May Bring Another Soviet Purge There is stress—as there was Drive Planned To Force Reds To Release Men S^X^^o™ WASHINGTON (AP) - The| ^V^taT^^W government has decided to | to convince the Soviet people their By WILLIAM L. RYAN AP Foreign Newt Analyst A pattern of 18 months ago is being repeated today in the Soviet Union, suggesting new internal nervousness which could lead to another upheaval. A new "vigilance" campaign is being launched, similar in tone to the one wtucn preceded the arrest and purge of police boss Lavrenti P. Beria in June, 1953. press a vigorous campaign for release of 13 Americans imprisoned in Communist China by rallying international opinion in the free world against the Red "outrage". A demand for the prompt release of the 11 military men and 2 civilians was delivered to Red country is crawling with British and American spies. The Communist party is strongly reasserting its authority over every phase of Soviet life—including the nilitary. This becomes more sus-i "state discipline" in both military Late Bulletins— WASHINGTON I?)—Sen. Knowland (R-Calif) proposed today the United States clap a tight blockade on Communist China if the Reds refuse demands for the immediate release or 18 American airmen jailed as spies. China's diplomatic representative in London yesterday by the British Foreign. Office at the request of the U. S. State Department. Washington officials sa.id the angry note was being delivered also" to the Peiping regime through the British diplomatic representative in that Communist capital. British' channels were used because the British maintain diplomatic relations with Red China, the United States does not. Copy Circulated And . at U.N. headquarters in New York, Chief U.S. Delegate Henry Cabot Lodge Jr. handed a copy if the protest to U.N. Secretary General Dag Hammarskjold with a request that it be circulated to all 60 member nations. The American note was one of the toughest which has been dispatched, by the State Department in a long time. It flatly accused the Chinese Communists of violating the Korean armistice agreement by holding the. 13 and indirectly warned them there is a limit to the patience of the American people. It also made a preliminary demand for "punishment of the Chinese Communist officials re sponsible" and for compensation for the "wrong" done the 13. Authorities said today they are studying all avenues of following up the initial demand, apparently in the belief that even the Chinese Reels, isolated as they arc from the Western world, can not ignore the mounting pressures of public opinion. Among these pressures already developing Is the stand taken by the British government, which ii comments at the U.N. and in Lon don denounced the treatment o! the Americans as "outrageous." The Chinese Reds announced Tuesday that the 13, captured dur ing the Korean War. had beei given sentences ranging from four years to life on spy charges. The 13 already had been held about two years. "Extracts" Broadcast The two civilians, listed by the Pentagon as U.S. Army employes, were on a civilian air transport plane under lease to the Air Force which the United States contends was attacked over international waters. The It airmen were on a B29 which the United States says was shot down about 15 miles south of the Yalu River in January, 1953. Peiping Radio yesterday broadcast what it termed extracts from their trial record, saying the "U.S. spies admitted having received specialist training in espionage and guerrilla warfare." It said the two civilians confessed they were trained as agents by the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency. The mother of one of ' .e airmen, Mrs. H. L. Stiter, said at Vista, Calif., yesterday that President Eisenhower's Thanksgiving Day message of concern was "no more than a form letter" and "about a year too late." Eisenhower had telegraphed the relatives of the 13 with a renewed pledge that every "feasible" effort Would be made to free the prisoners. Mrs. Stiter. the mother of Ai plcious In view of the fact that at the past half dozen or more major functions cincerning the military in Moscow, Marshal Georgi Zhukov, a deputy defense minister and World War n hero, and Marshal Vasily D. Sokolovsky, chief of staff of the Soviet army, have been missing. Discipline Emphasized An intense campaign calls tor BHA Officer Reports Expansion Is Seen For Housing Units Blytheville's Housing Authority today announced plans for expansion of its Chickasaw Courts project to 132 units Powerful Winds Batter Ships From Irish Sea to Holland next year. Non-Agricultural Employment Still Rising in State Arkansas' October Increase Continues Three-MonS-h Trend LITTLE ROCK Wl— Non-agriclll- turnl employment in Arkansas rose slightly during October to continue a three-month trend, the Employment Security pivlsion reported yesterday The division said non-agricultural jobs rose about 1,000 over September, to a total of 307,400 posi- -* J. Mel Brooks, Authority secretary, said this morning the Housing Authority is awaiting permission to advertise for bids for the construction of 52 additional units at the low-rent housing project and hopes to'begin construction in early 1955. The expansion is planned in order to meet an expected increase in demand for low-cost housing which the re-activation of BlytheviUe air base Is expected to place upon the community, Mr. Brooks said. However, this total was still about 10,100 jobs less than the October level of last year. Of the two major non-agricultural categories, factory employment rose from 78,900 to 79,100 during October, and non - manufacturing jobs rosef rom 227,500 to 228,300. Seasonal Gain The State Labor Department division said most of the factory gain was due to seasonal activity in canning plants and the chemical industry. But there was a normal seasonal drop in the lumber industry — a decrease of 400 em- ployes during the month. Employment In the apparel industry jumped 100 workers. Nearly 300 employes were added to the total employed In primary metals and ordnance activities. A drop was recorded in instrument manufacturing and transportation. The ESD report said hourly earnings for factory production workers rose one per cent to an average of $1.27 during October Average weekly earnings increased from 40.9 to 41.3 hours. The ESD placed 7,619 persons on jobs during October, 1.5 per cent less than in September and 12.3 per cent less than in October, 1953 Unemployment insurance pay ments by the state totaled $493,034 in October. This was 23 per cent below the total of September pay- llalf-MIWon Project He further stated that the Authority expects to have the new units ready for occupancy by the time reactivation of the base Is completed. Estimated cost of the 52 additional units was placed at $598,000 by Mr. Brooks. The Authority secretary stated that plans for the 52 additional units were approved by the Public Housing Administration several years ago but expansion was halted by a government freeze on certain public housing construction. Thaw Comes Since that time, however, the freeze has been relaxed somewhat, he said, and the Housing Authority now plans to proceed with its original plans. The new units will be constructed on land purchased by the Bly- thevUle Housing Authority three years ago. It adjoins Chickasaw Courts. Mr. Brooks stated that the Housing Authority has no idea as to when permission to advertise foi bids will be granted by the PHA "It's all a matter of processing ol papers," he said "They have hail our request on file for some tinK now and it all depends on whethei or not they want us to submit a new request or will process he one mad 1 earlier.' He stated that if construction 01 the new units can be started by spring they should be ready for oc cupancy by the latter part of 1955. Late this week, the Housing Authority turned over to the city a check for S2.151.50 as payment in lieu of taxes for fiscal year of 1954 The check represented 10 per cent of the total rentals collected by rts and Cherokee Courts (a Negro unit), less $436 paid by the'Authori- ty for street lights. and civilian life, plus the necessity for raising "productivity of labor." At the same time, noted military men have been writing in (he Soviet press on the importance of continued emphasis on heavy industry. All this tends to give the impression that a couple of post- Stalin honeymoons are over—first, the honeymoon between the Soviet government and the people, and second, the honeymoon with foreigners. It would be no surprise if the Soviet government gradually eased off on its generous admission of Western visitors and on the permission given them to travel in the U.S.S.R. Nor would it be any surprise if the censorship on foreign correspondents in Moscow tightened up again after a year or so of relative reasonableness. The possibility of an upheaval Is always in (he background In Moscow. Its "collective leadership" sprang originally from the fear the top leaders had of one another. The absence of high army figures from a succession of Implrtant- meetings is suspicious in view of the debt the regime of Premier Georgi Malenkov seems to have owed to the top army leadership In consolidating its position and defeating the secret police forces of Beria. Possibly the two high-ranking marshals are on a tour of inspection of frees in the Eurpean satellite cuntrles; it is also possible they are not in good standing. The. Communist party has been drilling into the military forces recently their duty to "party and state" and the gratitude they owe to the Communist party. The party warns them to be "miUtantly vigilant." Lagging Not^s On the economic side, party Secretary N. S. Khrushchev has con- eluded a swing through Central Asia whore he laid down the law to party organizations and republic government 1 !. Agriculture has been lagging in (hose parts; breeding of llvp"'.oclt is far behind goals. Tass. the Soviet information agency. says Khrushchev In speeches directed Communist party people to devote more time to the political indoctrination of peasants. The Implication in this antl ol other recent pronouncements is that the highly ambitious consumer goods program announced a year ago, at the 'height of the honeymoon, failed in'its first year Indeed, the impression is that the top leaders never believed for a moment the goal of a significant increase of goods available to the public could be achieved. That would require some sacrifice of heavy Industry. But the party and government, at a time of Internal strain, made many premises which were widely advertised. II there is no delivery, the blame must be assessed for the sake of appearances. It is be- inn laid to failure to get the most productivity out of agricultural and other labor. To make that stick. Khruschchev is Irdering his party minions to take a firmer grip. Tax Collections in Mississippi County Show Increase in '54 A total tax collection of $1,215,64(3.49 was made this year by the sheriffs office. This is payment on 93.83 per cent of the total assessed valuation and an mr-rnasp nvnr last vcar s 'otal collections, according to Miss Eunice Brbgdon, county auditor. Will Blood Spot Trail Lead Jury to Dr. Sam? CLEVELAND (AP) — Where will the trail of blood spots through the house of Dr. Samuel H. Sheppard lead the jury trying him on a charge of wife-killing? For two trial days the jury has been following that trail of more than 80 spots scattered through the Bay Village house where Marilyn Sheppard, 31, died last July 4, her head punctured by a furious beating with a weapon police said they never found. Mrs. ouiL-i, me muii...-. u . «.. Ancl the J urors win lake up ' he Force Capt. Elmer F. Llewellyn trail again Monday—perhapsjor who got a five year sentence, ex- """ J " case, may tighten somewhat the state's Undergraduate Course Offered An undergraduate extension course in American history will be offered in BlytheviUe by Arkansas State College this fall. The course will be given at Ely theville junior High School with the first class scheduled for Tuesday at 7 p. m. Three-hours sessions will be held two nights weel:ly. Lewis N. Amis is instructor for the course which Is open to anyone wanting college hours. use, may ugim™ au.i.ov,,,^ U . E Rcrf Chinese Hit Parade Late's blood trail testimony by r ft ' p. Qm T oo Much lombrowski. ." ,. .. / Wandered About , pressed admiration for Senate Republican Leader Knowland of California. Knowland has been critical of administration policy towards Communist countries. In Portland, Ore.. 18-year-old James Schmidt said Peiping's Jailing of his brother, Airman 2.C. Daniel C. Schmidt, made him even more eager to push ahead with his plans to enlist in the Air Force. Airman Schmidt got a four year sentence. "Political" Charges The American note told Pelping, in demanding the release of the men "forthwith", that the prison sentences were based "on political charges which are without founda- . Americans," the note said, "were In planes which were attacked over the recognized combat zone in Korea, or over international waters In the course of the Chinese Communist aggression in Korea. Their detention is In patent violation of the Korean a'.'mlstlce tion.' "These another two days — and will hear at least one other expert witness of the state, in addition to Detective Henry Dombrowski who was on the stand all day yesterday and most of Wednesday morning. Woman Will Lead Miss Mary Cowan, 47, a laboratory technologist in the coroner's office nearly 15 years, is scheduled to lead the way along the blood trail when Dombrowski steps down as guide. So far Dombrowski has established that only one of the more than 80 spots was human blood. That was a spot no bigger than the head of a tack— a spot cut out of the third step from the bottom of the basement steps at the Sheppard home. The test tube detective has admitted he does not know how long that one spot was on the step before he cut It from the wood July 23. Or how it got there. Or whose blood it was. Or who might have carried It there. Miss Set V. S. On . Cowan, who did some tbe , blood-typing experiment! la 'Conceptualization' What Dombrowski's testimony in j „ _ pcining the first-degree murder trial has HONO KONO '*— lne . ".! pm ° implied thus far is that the slayer of Marilyn Sheppard wandered about in nearly all parts of the lakefront home, dripping blood, I and went to places such a.s the | basement and garage where a! „.„.„.. „.„.„„ prowler or burglar would not like- volunteers In Korea." ly go- I White-haired William J. Cor-1 rigan, chief defense counsel, in-i dicated yesterday he was near the end of his four-hour cross exami-1 nation of Dombrowski. .', The test tube detective, an alert I and earnest witness—anxious to explain and determined to be understood correctly — look the rugged cross-examination well. He talked with assurance and detachment about what he did and what he knew in the murder Investigation. Air force Set* High Mark ST. JOHNS, Nfld. Ift— The U. S. Air Force says one of Its planes has landed and taken off from a 10,300-foot point on the Greenland Ice cap. The announcement claimed It was the highest known landing and takeoff In tlr history. Communists have been holding a popular song contest. The Peoples Dally gives few titles: "The Heart of the People Beat a.s One." "March of the Chinese Peoples . "Song in Praise of Mao Tze- tung." •Antle Wang Wants Peace." "We Are Not Afraid of Bloodshed." One Red songsmith condemned reactionaries and counter-revolu- tionarles with "You Bad Fellow." Peoples Daily says this "should be sung with bitterness." One set of lyrics goes this way: "The U.S.S.R. is a Socialist state which we should well emulate. It has ways of construction, and its Industry and agriculture prosper." Even the Peoples Daily found this a little heavy with "too much conceptualization for a good song." The name of the song? "Emulate the U.S.S.R. In the Construction o( Our Motherland." GEORGIA GOVERNOR AND SON — Georgia Governor Herman Tnlmndgc mid son. Dene, nre pictured as they visited in Hotel Noble's lobby last night and plotted against the Big Lake duck population. The governor and his son are here to hunt the elusive mnltard. and went on what was scheduled to be their final trip this morning. Only a few were bagged by governor's party yesterday. (Courier News Photo)' increase over last year's Last year, paid on 1M.44 per cent*of the assessed valuation was $1,176,085.42. This shows an Increase of $30,551 over last year. Reason for the rise, Miss Bros- don pointed out, was the increase In the assessed valuation. Collections made this year were for taxes assessed In 1953; assessments made this year will be collected In 1055. The tax books have been closed and payments on the 0.17 per cent of the assessed valuations which have not been miule are delinquent, Miss Brogdon said. The county receives SI.154,540 ol U - total taxes collected this year, increase of $36,473 over last year. Eight cities in the county will receive a total of $61,105, an -increase of $3.077 over last year. Blytlicvllle nn T"P Aiger Hiss Released; Reasserts Innocence LEWISBURG, Pa. (AP) — Alger Miss, convicted of ly inc whon ho denied giving government secrets to a Column nisi spy ring, was released from federal prison today. Me im mediately proclaimed lie was innocent, asserting the charge Heading the list is BlythevUle. which will receive WB.BM from i this year's collections. $j,66.i inoie, than last year. Tax rate in Blyt he- vllle is 8.0 mills while all olhe r | cities have a five-mill ra e except \<- ,Joiner which has a 10-mll ,., against him were "untrue." Hiss, dressed In a business-type* hat and well-worn grey topcoat brought to the penitentiary by Ills wife, told newsmen at the prison gate: "I shall renew my efforts to dispel the deception that has been foisted on the American people. ' Hiss spent 3'/y years of a 5-year sentence in the penitentiary at n ,J, wllldl whittake - , V he was con- | ookc( , into r Chambers, obtained Bovcrnmcnl docu- Blythcvlllc's lower rate s due to, R fo .. m( .,. sutc a decrease In millane in lib.! by 2.2, ",,.., mr ,,, mills which was broUKhl about by ; IXp.u ImuH oil! c, .,1 reducing the City Hall bond i.wnc , MU W wlle mlliaec to one-mill and elinilna-l Hiss was met liy his wife. Pnv tlon of the city park mlllaKC. ! cilln; his 13-year-old son, Tony, Joiner's higher rate Is due to a five-mill increase last year for a sewer bond issue. All cities and towns show an In- crcr.se i" their share of collected taxes this year, except l.uxora, due to the increase in assessed Valuations on property. Osceoln will receive S7.130.94 In taxes; .Manila, Sl.739.13; Joiner. $160860: Lcachville. SI.C49.32: Kciser, S537.12; Dell, $403.34; and LIUxora, SI,127.54. Poll Taxes f)iiwn Poll taxes collected this yenr amounted to $12,937.83, a decrease of $418 from last year. School tax this year was $942. ,.nd two attorney friends, Chester Lane and Robert M. Benjamin. As he walked through the blK double Kated door of the hu|?c brick- walled prison, the former prisoner No , was surrounded by nearly 100 reporters and photographers. The drone of a helicopter over head almost drowned out Hiss' words a.s he shouted: 'Tin very glad to be out but I want to reassert my complete Innocence." Nu Opportunity He said that In his years In Jail he did not have the opportunity to answer "falsehoods" made by •politicians and the press" about $66,000 Paid Out by Banks Year Around Thrift Pays Off for Many Sonic 800 people 10 Feared Dead; Daring Rescues Underway By JACK SMITH LONDON (AP) — Ten seamen were £eared dead in wrecked ships and hundreds of others fought for their lives in hurricane-force winds that tossed vessels like corks in churning waters from the Irish Sea to the coast of Holland. SOS signals crackled out and dramatic rescues were under way. Among these were the saving of 35 men off a tanker split In two off the coast of South Wales and the rescue by U. S. helicopter of an English bird watcher from an upended lightship In the English Channel. Seven men still were aboard the orward section of the tanker and fforts were being made to rescue liem. A similar number wera rapped inside the lightship. And, while rescue operations were under way. It was feared they »*• eady were dead. Tanker Break! The 20,128-ton Liberian Ol tinker, World Concord, carrying 12 Greek crewmen, broke apart off the coast of South Wales. Eight lours later a lifeboat rescued 35 ncn off the stern, then headed oward the forward section, which was sluicing several miles away With seven sailors aboard. Coast guards said the seven were in 'great peril" In the mountainous _ seas. British helicopters, the Royal Navy aircraft carrier Illustrious and the tug Turmoil went out to isstst. Half a dozen ships stood near the imperilled forward section ol the two-year-old World Concord. Associated Press Correspondent Eddy Ollmore, flying low over the wreck, said he could see no sign of life. By noontime, allmore reported, waves were reaching the bridKC of the sinking hulk and the British ship Nlso spread oil In an attempt to calm the seas. Weather forecasters predicted high winds throughout the day. A U. S. Air Force helicopter from a bn.se at Ramsgale, England, snatched the one man off the English llghlship South Goodwin, upended and half sunk on the treacherous Goodwin sands in the English Channel. After landing the survivor the helicopter flew back with an oxyacctylene torch and diving equipment to try save seven seamen trapped Inside. They were already feared dead. High winds buffeted the American helicopter as It hovered over the I I K h t s h I p. The plane was manned by Maj. Paul . Park of Noble. Okla.. Capt. Curtis E. Parkins, Koyalton. Minn., and Airman f,. S. Elmer Vollman, a medical orderly from Chicago. The man they saved was Ron- alrl Mnrlon. 22, an English scientist who was aboard to observe bird migration. "For elKht hours I clung to a rail, waves smashing over me," he said later as he lay exhausted School tax mis yr.n w,vn ?.>-,<..- i lf,q 83 a<; compared (o $911.734.131 his career. last vear Mlllage for schools va-; Hiss, appearing somewhat hag- rie« from' 20 to 50 mills from one; card but smiling with his son at his rie.. ™ ... .._ , s|(|e sn(d ho hopcd to te]] (he atory district to another with an average of 41 mills throughout the county. The county general tax of five mlils brought $1,09,946.90, an increase of $2,736 over last year. The three-mill county hospital bond tax brought In $67,327.41 , behind his conviction and "to dispel the doubts" about his position. Hiss Ignored all questions concerning the slaying of William W. In the prison earlier Remington ... —- . this week. Remington, like Hiss, bond tax orougm ,.. ».,,,>,.,.•,. was convicted of perjury In cin- showlnf? an increase of $1,000 over ncctlon with congressional queries last year i about communism. ' Hospital maintenance tax of one- However, Hiss and Remington with the two Blylhi-ville bunks have '» * toyed away a total of $6(1,000 over j'^JJ 1 tile past year in Christmas savings accounts, according to reports from the two firms this morning. Falling Just, slightly under las', year's total, cheeks paid out by the Farmers Bank totaled 525,0(10 to 400 people this year, showing slight u dccresase in the number of accounts from last year's 450. The First National Bank paid out u total of $31.000 to 400 people, Indicating a small Increase In the money with about the same number of accounts. Five Persons Die In Headon Crash HILLSBORO. Mo. «]'j—The head- on collision of two automobiles a mile and a half south of Hillsboro on State Highway 21 about 3:45 a m. today killed five person and Injured another. The Missouri Highway Patrol said a northbound car occupied bv two men apparently veered Into the wrong lane and collided with a southbound car occupied by two men and two women. Killed were three men and the two women. Two of the victims, mill drew $22,150.28, an Increase of $717 from last year. Assessed valuations of Mississippi County properly for the year of 11)53 on which taxes were collected this year amounted to $25,034,892, an Increase of $987.858. Three Items Included In the assessments were, personal property which was assessed at $7,157,580 this year, a rise of $<!ft8,8I8: real pronerty. $14,041.632, an Inwso .. Increase of $167,077. , never were linked together In the same Washington Communist as sociations. Depot Fire Probed PUSAN. Korea HP)— Investigators set out today to find the cause of a fire that raged (or seven hours through the Army's biggest quar- nertv SH 041 O'i2 an I.-I-.-M- •.•><= i lennasler depot In Korea, gutted SlM.oV. "Mties $3,833,674, an j ;,rec-,o, ,-,» cf "ie =pn, W llng In- jjiallation and burned 30 home.. a hospital bed. "Then In half and mist the helicopter set...... down over the ship. I grabbed a noose of rope which wa.s dangled down, and was hauled up into the machine." Weathermen said the storm would last for two more days. There also was plenty of troubble ashore where England was threat- plied by Its worst floods In 30 years. Thousands of acres were under water In the Midlands as wind and rain whipped the countryside. Meantime hundreds of ship scurried toward port for shelter. One unidentified ship of .around 1,000 tons was feared lost without a trace off the Southeast England coast. The Liberian tanker Casino reported seeing It go down. On the continental side of the North Sea. the 568-ton German trawler Wcllingdorf flashed an SOS 10 miles off the Dutch Island of See STOItM On Page 8 a man and , a women who were in the south- hound car, still had not been Identified more than four hours after (he accident, Hew Censure Prepared SALT LAKE CITY. OT—Sen. Bennett-(R-Utah) left for Washington. D. C., yesterday to prepare an additional censure count against Sen McCarthy R-Wls. It will be based, he said on McCarthy's attacks on the Watkins Committee, the group which recommended censure of McCarthy on two Kparate count*. Weather ARKANSAS — Partly cloudy this afternoon and tonight becoming mostly cloudy Sunday; no Important temperature changes. MISSOURI — Partly cloudy this afternoon, tonight and Sunday with rain east and south Sunday; no Important temperature change except turning colder extreme north Sunday. Minimum tills morning—32. Maximum yesterday—57. Sunrise tomorrow—6:48. Sunset today—-1:SO Mean temperature (midway between hK'li nnd low—N.5. r-reclplualcm livat 24 hours to 7 ».m. .34 Precipitation Jan. 1 to this date — 31.38 This Date Last Year Maximum yesterday—S2. Minimum this morning—24. Precipitation January 1 to date — 98.81.