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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OP NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOOT3IBAST MISSOURI VOL. XLBC— NO. 87 Blythevllle Dally Newi Mississippi Valley Leader Blythevllle Herald BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, MONDAY, MAY 4, 1953 TWELVE PAGES SINGLE COPIES FIVE CEWTS Dulles Urges House to Trade Bill * Tighter Tariff Barriers Bad, Secretary Says By CHARLES F. BARRETT 'WASHINGTON (AP) — Secretary of State Dulles sai today a tightening of U. tariff barriers against irr ports would push other f r e nations toward trade with th Communists. On that basis, he bluntly urge the House Ways and Means Com mittee to kill a bill by Rep. Simp son (R-Pa) which would bolste tariff protection for American in dustrles against competition from cheaper foreign goods. Dulles said adoption of the Simp son bill "would have serious inter national repercussions" and Woul he "injurious to the best interest r and welfare of tie United States. ,<* "It would be taken, throughou the free world, to forecast U. S trade policies which would mak it impossible for them (U. S. al lies) to live without increasing as sociation with and dependence the Communist world," Dulles said His bald attack on the Simpson bill opened a wide schism betweei the Eisenhower administration am some leading house ,> Republicans Simpson is chairman of the Con gressional Campaign Committee— the group that will work with Eisenhower to try to hold an strengthen Republican control e the House in the 1954. elections. Backed By Veterans His bill is backed by Chairman Reed (R-NY) of the Ways and Means Committee, which handles tariff legislation, and by fiom other veteran house Republicans On the other hand, it is opposec by some prominent GOP members among them Rep. Kean (R-Nj: who says it would put foreign pol icy in a "strait jacket." Secretary of the Treasury Humphrey was next today on the lisl of witnesses before the House Ways and Means Committee. Then tomorrow arid Wednesday, wii: come the secretaries of commerce agriculture, interior and labor, and ( ' Mutual Security Administrator Harold E. stassen. Kean, fourth senior OOP committee member, said this lineup of the administration's highest officials might be able to swing enough Republicans in line to fulfill Eisenhower's avowed program "if the administration sticks to its guns." Eisenhower has asked for straight extension of the present reciprocal trade program, now due to expire June 12. Sen. Lyndon B. Johnson of Texas, the Democratic leader, said on a radio broadcast yesterday that if the President gets what he wants, it will be only because of support from Democrats. Opposite Move Urged Before the committee is a bill by Rep. Richard M. Simpson (R- Pa) containing new provisions signed to bolster protection for American industry against any injury from cheaper, competing foreign goods sold here. • Many U. S. allies have urged 1 Eisenhower to move in the oppo- ' site direction from the Slmpion bill—to lower tariff and other trade barriers so that they may sell more goods here and boost their short supply of dollars. This is the theory of "trade—not aid." Simpson has indicated he is will- ling to compromise, especially on provisions of his bill which would strip the President of much of his power over tariff and import quotas,'but it remained to be seen whether any program could be worked out that would satisfy both .Simpson and the administration. The present law permits Eisenhower to negotiate lower tariffs, or refuse to raise existing duties or clamp on import quotas, even though the Tariff Commission holds that his decisions would Injure American industries. The Simpson bill, unless mcii- fied, would take away these presidential powers and would make final and binding Tariff Commission findings on what. Is needed to protect American Industry. Kean said this and other provisions in the Simpson bill "would be very damaging to our trade program and our whole foreign policy." Scouts at Camporee— More than 100 Boy Scouts and 22'adult Scout leaders participated in North Missis- ing contest. Leachville's Troop 42 won the camporte's sole blue ribbon and was award- sippi County District's annual spring, mobil- ed the Kelley ""Welch trophy. (Courier News zation at Big Lake Saturday and Sunday. Photo) ?hoto above shows Scouts in pup-tent pitch- - The annual event got underway Saturday morning and ended with church services and presentation of awards Sunday morning. Leachville's troop gained the only profflcient rating, having earned it competitive Scotucraft games, campsite conditions, cooking and as the result of various inspections. Running behind the winners were Troops 41 of Blytheville, 32 of Manila and 52 of Delfore. They all gained red "standard" rating ribbons. Troops 22, 31, 38 and 36, all of Blytheville, and 56 of Milligan Ridge won participating ribbons, with 36 taking a first place with Its campflre stunt. The camporee was under direction of District Committeemen James Gardner and Percy Wright and Scout Field Executive Bill Clare. Allies Warn Reds Truce Talk Time Is Running Out' 38 More U. 5. War Prisoners On Way Home Two Planeloads Left Tokyo Today; Names Withheld TOKYO IS—Two military transport planes left tonight bearing 38 repatriated American war prisoners to the United States. The first plane left at 6:21 p.m. (4:21 a.m. EST) and the. second at 6:35 p.m. ' Original plans called for all the 'ormer captives of the Communists o fly in a single big C97 Strato- cruiser, but it developed mechani- :al trouble and two four-engine ?54 transports were called into ;ervice. The passenger list for separate planes was not given. However, he total list was announced by the Far East Command earlier today. Previous transports have made a 17-hour flight to Honolulu, rested 'riefly there, and continued to 'ravis Air Force Base near San Francisco. Only 14 of the 149 U. S. service- rven freed in the sick and wounded rlsoner exchange remain here. Ninety-seven men have already een flown home—96 to the main- and and one to Hawaii. U.N. Nominates Pakistan As Caretaker for POWs PANMUNJOM (AP),— The Allies nominated Pakistan today as a neutral caretaker for war prisoners who won't go home, and warned the apparently surprised Reds: Time is "fast running put" in the Korean truce talks. Although Pakistan was one of the four Asian nations listed by the Reds as acceptable neutrals, the Communists sat mum. * Without even mentioning the GAINS OFFICE — Mrs. Gsctir Pendler of Blytheville has been elected treasurer of the National Association of Junior Auxiliaries nt a convention in Johnson City, Term. Mrs. Pendler is retiring third vice president of the group and was first president of Blylhe- ville's Junior Auxiliary, Inside Today's Courier News . . . Bosox and Bucs fool experts . . . Sports . . . Page 2 . r . - . . . Tito's case history , , , first of a series ... Page 12 . . . . . . Markets . . . Page 3 ... . . . Society news . . . Page 4 ... . . . Disc doings . , . The Kec- ord Shop . . . age 7. Attempt to Kill tehru Is Foiled Live Bomb Found On Railway Track Near Bombay BOMBAY, India 1st— An attempt • assassinate Prime Minister >iehru by putting a live bomb on le railway track over which he ras traveling was foiled today. The bomb was placed on the rack at Kalyan railroad hub, 35 niles from Bombay, a few min- tes before the Amritsar Express, arrying Nehru from Jalna, thun- ered along the section to Bomay. A policeman patrolling the track red on an unidentified man be- eved to have placed the bomb, is bullets went wide. The police- nan removed the »omb, Without ecognizing it as such at the mo- icnt, after locating it by the lights the train it was supposed to ave wrecked. The man who placed the bomb scaped in the early morning irkness. The bomb (probably of a type i explode under pressure) was xamined at Ambernath Ordnance actory and later sent to Bombay >r analysis. Nehru went on from Bombay New Delhi by plane, arriving te in the day, unaware of his arrow escape. He was winding a 1,200-mile tour of the aharashtrian famine areas, end- g at Jalna. Czechs Proclaim VIENNA, Austria (AP) — A second Communist satellite — Czechos» lovakia — proclaimed an amnesty in the Soviet pattern today for lesser offenders, both civilian and military. Radio Prague said the clemency decree, signed by President Antonin Zapotocky, went into effect today. The broadcast made no mention of AP Correspondent William N. Oatis, arrested two years ago in Prague on charges of spying and now serving a 10-year jail sentence. It seemed unlikely that Oatis would benefit from the decree. The Czech amnesty, like those proclaimed for the Soviet Union and .for Communist Romania, specifically excluded all persons convicted of treason, espionage or sabotage—or "crimes against the peace." Such a provision will leave thousands still in Czech jails. Since the Communists seized power in 1948. most persons jailed have been con- icted on one of those counts. The new Soviet regime proclaimed the first sweeping; Red clemency March 27 after Stalin's death. Romania followed suit April I The Czech decree said immedi- i ate freedom would be given all j was being ordered because "In the unhappy days in which President Klement Gottwald died, the Czech people demonstrated their unity and now have gathered firmly around President Zapotocky." Observers here, however, believed the decree was designed to alleviate popular discontent resulting from a critical food shortage and extreme production demands being made on workers. Probers Told of Allied Sappers' 'Dual-Trade' . WASHINGTON (AP) — An investigator for a Senate Committee testified today that 19 owners of 82 ships flying the flags of Western allies of the U. S. are taking money from Communist China with one hand and from the United States with the other. And a government transportation expert said there has been no official policy to halt U. S. busi ness with such firms although the National Security Council maj come up with one soon. Robert F. Kennedy, assistaiv counsel of the senate Investigation; subcommittee testified about the "dual trade" — something Chair- City Short 25 Donors For Bbodmobile Visit With a Mid-South Defense Blood Center bloodmoblle scheduled for a visit here Wednesday, Blytheville and surrounding area were more than 25 donors short this morning. With a normal reqection rate, some 200 donors are needed to gairi the 150-pint quota which the city has met on every visit except one. As of now, only about 170 persons* have pledged blood for Wednesday's visit. • C. M. Smart, who headed solici- youths serving sentences of less | tation in downtown Blytheville, re- than a year, all pregnant women i ported with 107 pledges this morn- women serving two-year sen- jng. A few more than 60 were re- tences and with children under 10 j ported previously. R. W. Nichols has been named to handle donor solicitations in Ar- morcl and Mrs. A. E. Caldwell today organizing a group of hieh akistan Willing KARACHI, Pakistan M—Prime inisler Mohammed All said toy he sees no objection to Paki- an serving as custodian for Koan prisoners of war who won't home. Two Atomic Guns Are Readied For History-Making Test Firing LAS VEGAS, Nev. (ff) —.Two atomic guns are being assembled today In preparation for the nation's first firing of an atomic shell. The dismantled 280-mllllmeter guns arrived late last night from Ft. Sill, Okla., and were taken to Nellie Air Force Base, 10 mlics north of here. Eight flat cars were required for Ihe trip. The two barrels, two" otrrlagM and four truuporten each occupied one car. After assembling, the guns will be moved under their own power over desert roads to the atomic rest site 75 miles northwest of here. Unofficially, it Is expected that May 23 will be the date for the firing. Two other atomic experiments are scheduled before that. May 7 and 16. Approximately 2.0M1 army troops nre arriving for participation In the May 7 test. years, all persons with serious or incurable diseases, all women over 50 and all men over 60. Sentences of more than one year were reduced by two-thirds. Life ;erms were cut to 20 years and nil fines up to 20,000 crowns ($400) mposed in addition to prison sentences were lifted. Many pending eases were ordered dropped. Military offenders serving terms of less than one year will be freed after four months. Fines of 30,000 crowns were cut two-thirds. The decree said the clemency Weather ARKANSAS — Mostly cloudy and cooler this afternoon and tonight; scattered thundershowers east and south this afternoon and in extreme east portion tonight; T -.esday partly cloudy and cool. MISSOURI — Partly cloudy west, cloudy east tonight with showers and scattered thunderstorms extreme south and east central portions; fair northwest and partly cloudy elsewhere Tuesday; not much temperature change; low tonight 40 northwest to 50 southeast; high Tuesday 60-70 north and 70s south. Maximum Saturday—82. Minimum yesterday—50. Minimum this morning— 62. Maximum yesterday—82. Sunrise tomorrow—5:06. Sunset today—6:47. Preclp. 48 hours to 7 A.m.—.53. Preclp. since Jan. 1—22.34. Mean tcmperatprc (midway between hlch and low)—72. Normal and mean for May—70.2. This njie Last Trar Minimum this mornlnR T fi2, Maximum yesterday—05. Proclp. Jim. i to date—20.33. school students in Dell for purposes of getting donor pledges. The bloodmobile will be set up at American Legion Hut on North Second Street and will begin collection of blood at 10 a.m. Appointments may be made by calling the Red Cross office at'4.481. State's Traffic Death Toll 134 LITTLE ROCK W) - Arkansas highway death toll for 1953 jumped ahead of the same period of 1052 today as State Police reported 134 persons killed on the roads since January 1. The same period of -1952 saw 133 persons killed In traffic accidents. Lnst week's near-record total of n deaths put the total above last! year's mark. Until then the death [ toll had been running from 10 to! 15 behind 1952. The 1941 toll of 503 killed was the state's worst year, with 1D52'S 464 deaths the runnerup. 'Record Shop' Column To Appear on Mondays The weekly column on news of the record world, written by Ken Kleiner, NBA Service writer, will hereafter appear In the Courier News each Monday. Formerly appearing each Friday, "The Record Shop" column's pub. llcatlon date has been advanced because of n change In mailing dates This week's column appears on Page 7 in today's Courier Ncw». Program Chairmen: Looking for Something Of Timely Interest Here? Need a topical program for your civic club, church group or women's organization? By calling Chamber of Commerce Manager Worth D. Holder at 2013 or E. M. Terry, Jr., at 2381, a program chairman can schedule a program that is of timely civic interest. It concerns BlyUicville's current sewer situation, a revenue bond issue plan proposed as a solution and slides and photographs showing the present condition of the sewage system. Mrs. Holder and Mr Terry already have presented this program to a number of organizations here. Harrison Gl Held on Suspicion Of Killing Officer TOKYO VP> — The Army said today that Cpl. Mendell Williams, 23, Harrison, Ark., Is being held on suspicion of killing an Army Counter-intelligence Corps agent last night. The Army accused Williams of firing two fatal shots at Richard S. Yoshlnago, 29, In an argument outi'de a cabaret In Otaru. Holc- kaldo. • Williams, a military policeman with the First Cavalry Division, Is In military custody on Hokkaido pending further Investlsatlon. His wife is Mrs. Unity Jo Williams, Route five, Harrison. Allied choice the Reds asked and received a recess until 11 a. m. tomorrow, possibly to consult higher Red officials. Lt. Gen. William K. Harrison Jr., chief U. N. delegate, nominated Pakistan at the beginning of the meeting and then told the Reds: "We are obliged to tell you once again that we will not enggge in protracted and fruitless discussion during the current negotiations," which began April 25. The Communists Saturday suggested Pakistan, Burma, India and Indonesia as acceptable hosts for the 48,000 Red prisoners who won't go home. Pakistan was the third nation nominated by the Uniled Nations. First was Switzerland, which the Reds opposed. Then Sweden. The Communists insisted on an Asian nation. They want the reluctant POWs shipped to the neutral country for screening after an armistice is agreed upon. The Allies want a neutral country to assume control of them In Korea. Harrison told reporters: Same As Last Summer "The current negotiations are really no different from last summer." The Allies broke off the meetings Oct. 8 when the Reds kept stalling on the prisoner exchange question. Harrison said no time limit has been set for the armistice talks, but twice Inside the conference hut he delivered an Implied warning that he would end the talks again if the Reds did not begin to produce. Harrison reminded the Reds that they mentioned Burma, Indonesia, Pakistan and India as suitable Asian neutrals. He said that unless they had named these four for propaganda purposes, "we must assume that you consider each of the four' to be neutral and competent and therefore suitable. 'In our sincere effort achieve agreement ... we are prepared to meet you halfway in the matter of a neutral nation. Although we have previously nominated Switzerland and Sweden we are now prepared to nominate one of the four countries which you inve named. We now nominate Pakistan, an Asian nation both neutral and competent, and one of he four whose suitability you obviously implied in your question ;o us. Now we expect you to demonstrate your sincerity by agree- Sec TRUCE on Page 3 Repatriates Ired Over Implication Of Red r Taint r 10 Bitterly Deny Chinese Propaganda Influenced Them By TOM BRADSHAVV and BILL ALEXANDER PHOENIXVILLE, Pa. HI— Ten aunt, tight-lipped men stepped into the public spotlight at Valley Forge military hospital to deny they had been tainted by commu- prisoners of war in man McCarthy (R-WIs) called inconceivable, the "most inexcusable thing I've ever (ward of." Kennedy said he has dug up evidence that 183 Western ally ships were trading with Red China last year—more than half of them British—and that CG operated In trade between ports behind the Iron Curtain in Europe. He said the 103 ships made 445 "provable voyages" to Communist Chinese ports last year and that he believes the actual total was about GOO voyages. Yet 19 firms owning 82 of the ships were nevertheless given charters to' haul cargoes from the United States to help rearm the free world, Kennedy said. To Take Steps Stepping to tne witness chair behind Kennedy, a string of spokesmen for government agencies Bald they thought steps should be taken to cut off "dual trade." Arthur G. Syran, transportation director for the mutual security agency, told McCarthy it is correct that from the beginning of the Korean War up to this moment there has been, as the senator put it, no _ _ government policy to "refrain j Osceola's Kiwanis Chib meeting at from aiding shipping companies | noon today and were to participate that are aiding the enemy." | In a program before the high school Dale Evans, Roy Rogers Visit Osceoia OSCEOLA — Dale Evans movie star and wife of cowboy actor Roy Rogers, brought her famous hus- iand back to her old home town lere today. The pair were special guests at Syran said he understands a policy pronouncement on the subjec is under study now and will come along soon. "It is long overdue," McCarthy commented, "many, many lives overdue." New Comic Strip Begins Today in Courier News A new .comic atrip begins today on the Courier News comic pa«e. It is "The S r tory of Martha Wayne," a human Interest strip about an attractive young war wi dow and her son, Billy. Created by NEA Service, this comic strip tells of how, widowed by war, Martha Wayne builds a new Ife for herself and her young son and the problems she faces In doing . This strip Is written and drawn by Wilson Scruggs and marks his debut In the comic strip field. His experience as an artist Includes 11- ustratlve work (or such magazines is Life, Saturday Evening Post, Coller's anc! Redbook. entertainers Called NEW YORK Wi—Mnny persons tromlnont In the entertainment world have been subpoenaed by the louse Un-Amrrlcnn Activities Com- Ittec to public hearings stnrtlng tier* today. nism while Korea. They were bitter— and they made it plain they felt they had reason to be. The stage for their tense drama was set yesterday at the hospital tore, a shqrt drive from the Revolutionary War memorial park that save the hospital its name. It had its origin in the circunv ances surrounding their flight hoi...- after release by their Red captors. Secrecy Ordered While the 10— and 10 companions—were en route from Tokyo by plane last Thursday, an Air Force spokesman said the Pentagon had ordered a veil of secrecy thrown around the flight "because of the position taken by the Army and others that these men may have been misled under conditions of duress and hardship during the period of their captivity." And the Pentagon said Valley Forge Hospital had been designated the best spot for treatment. The 20 reached the hospital late Friday night, rested for a day and then were asked If they were ready to meet the press. Ten Baid .they were anxious for the chance. Four refused bitterly. The rest See REPATRIATES on Page t Big fj ev y •Guns- Hammer Reds Carriers, Battleship Pound Two East Korean Cities By MILO FARNETI SEOUL wi—The American Navy's big guns and bombs burned or flattened 228 Communist build- ngs on the Korean northeast coast Sunday in one of Its heaviest blows of the war. Two carriers, the Princeton and Ihe Valley Forge, hurled scores of planes into the attack on supply areas around Hungnam and Ham- hung. The 45.000-ton battleship New Jersey stopd offshore and pounded the area with its 16-inch guns. She was credited with destroying 23 buildings and damaging eight. B29's Hit Airfields Far East Air Force B29s struck at airfields at the North Korean capital, Pyongyang, and carrier- based planes raked the northwest coast. U. S. Fifth Air Force B28 bomber and Thunderjet pilots reported destruction of 140 supply trucks ast night. It was their highest bag n .three weeks. On the ground, only patrol clashes were reported Sunday night and Monday morning. In the longest morning ground :lnsh reported, a South Korean students this afternoon. Miss Evans and her husband arc staying with Dr. and Mrs. L. D. . Massey — Mrs. Massey is Miss j Patrol fought a North Korean pla- Evans' aunt — and are to leave I toon f"" 1 30 minutes near the Punch- tomorrow. Currently on a nationwide tour, , they are due back In California Friday, but will stop at Italy, Tex., to visit Miss Evans' mother, Mrs Hillmnn Smith. bowl on the Eastern Front. In a hot fight Sunday afternoon, Canadian troops beat back 750 to 1,000 Chinese in a 2'/ 2 -hour battle inside Allied lines on the Western Front northeast of Panmunjom. Can't Couldn't Continue to Cope Constantly with Cake, Candy LEACHVILLE — "Can't," a white rat employed by J. A. Serio's section of Leachvllle Elementary School, died of mild malnutrition while at his place of work last week. He is survived by two brothers, Hopalong and Can, and one sister, Dropalong. Born in the experimental laboratory of the Medical School at Little Rock, Can't moved to Leach- vllle at the age of 28 days. The above report was filed with the Courier Nflws this morn- Ing by the Leachville sixth-graders who for the past five weeks have watched two pair of white rats on different diets. One pair received the seven basic foods while the others got only cake, candy and soft drinks. Under the forced feeding program, (food was In front of all four rats at all times), the pair getting (he seven basic foods ciou- blcd their weight whle the others gained nothing. What's more, Mr. Serlo reported, the rats getting a balanced diet were happier, easier to handle than the irritable, poorly-fed ones. At the demise of Can't, the students quickly voted to put his sister, Dropalong, on a balanced diet with the other two brothers. For its service as a nutritional lesson, Can't was accorded grave, side services by the youngsters. As Tommp Kennett played taps, pallbearers Ronnie Jones, Danny Hosklns, Johnny Russeii and Loise Puckett lowered the toffln Into a grave, Sondra Roberds,, Jenn Bailey, Shirley ColematVand' Shirley Clark were flower be&rs and Joe Allen Edmundson erected a head-marker for the grove. County Health Nurse Mrs. Annabell Pill and Mrs. Frcemnn Robinson, county nutritionist, cooperated with the project.