The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on May 1, 1953 · Page 9
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 9

Blytheville, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Friday, May 1, 1953
Page 9
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IWDAY, MAY 1, 1953 RI/YTH1VTM.E (ARK.) COURIER PAGE NINB REVIEW «• FORECAST Arkansas Slaughter Industry Lacking FAYETTEVILLE - Arkansas'*, slaughter and processing indus- .i try has failed to keep pace with live- 1( stock production, a University of Arkansas survey revealed today. | D. O Lafferty, of the College of '' Agriculture rural economics depart-; ment, said production of livestock has progressed more rapidly than the slaughter and processing industry. There is room for expansion In the latter, he added, provided local plants can operate effkently enough to compete with packeds in other states. His finding was based on a study of 60 slaughter and meat processing plants throughout the state, made during the winter of 1950. All plants studied were privatelly owned except the Fort Smith adadtoir. which was city owned and operated. While the slaughter and processing industry in Arkansas provides a market for a relatively large volume of livestock, this volume does not supply the meat needs of the state, the report shows. The 59 privately-owned plants purchased 279,470 head of livestock during the one-year period er.tiing June 30, 1950. f/j About one-fifth of this number ' came from markets outside the st.ite. Of the 59 plants, 33 had facilities for both slaughtering and processing, while 11 could do only slaughtering and 10 only processing. In 1950, Lafferty said, Arkansas produced more than enough and pork to meet the state's needs. However, the volume slaughtered in the state .was less than consumption—only 25 per cent for beef and 70 per cent for pork. This indicates that a large number of animals were shipped to other states and that a large volume of meat was shipped into Arkansas. The report showed that 95 per cent oS the livestock were purchased on a weight basis, with olant operators paying prices based on thoee at the North Little Bock or St. Louis livestock markets. The study is reported in Arkansas experiment Station Bulletin No. 530 entitled, "Marketing Arkansas livestock Through Local Slaughter and Processing Plants." Single copies are available through county agents or by writing to the Bulletin Office, College of Agriculture, Payettevill, Arkan- Missoim" Cotton Contest Rules Are Outlined MCPA Two-Bale Event Is to Be Continued The MCPA 2-Bale Cotton Club Contest, which was so highly successful in 1952 .will be continued for this year, according to an announcement made by officials of the Missouri Cotton Producers Association April 21. Any 4-H or FFA student, wlio is responsible for producing his cotton crop, is eligible for membership in the club and for prizes to be awarded. Six hundred dollars in U. S. Savings bonds will be awarded to the first seven winners in the state contest. First prize will be a $200 bond, second prize—$150 bond, and a $50 bond will be presented to each of the third through 7th place winners. In addition to the prize money'all of the entrants who produce more than 750 pounds of lint cotton per acre will receive recognition and be awarded a specially designed lapel pin. Only one plot may be entered by each individual 4-H or FFA student and each plot must be from 2 to 5 acres in size; All entrants must file an entry blank with the Missouri Cotton Producers Association later than June 15, 1953. All entrants in the contest will work under the direct supervision of their project supervisors. The project supervisor will be either a 4-H club representative or a vocational agriculture instructor. County agents and vocational agriculture instructors have complete details of the contest, and ali interested 4-H or PFA studens may either contact their instructors or the Missouri Cotton Producers Association at Portageville for further Information. Irrigation Upped Cotton Yields 68 Per Cent Increase Shown In Experiment's FAYETTEVILLE. —Supplemental irrigation increased yields of seed cotton by 68 per cent in experiments conducted last summer at the University of Arkansas' Cotton Branch Experiment Station at Marianna. That.figure was reported by the three men in charge of the work, assistant agronomist F. W. Snyder and D. A. Brown and assistant ricultural engineer B. H. Benedict of the Arkansas Agricultural Experiment Station staff. In a senarate exoeriment conducted by Mr. Benedict at the Clarkedale sub-station, supplementary ir- rag2t!on gave 54 per cent Increase in yield Thus, increases in cotton yields at the two locations showed an approximate net profit of from 35 to 70 dollars per acre attributed to Irrigation. The investigations at the Marianna f Station were conducted on Richland silt loam. The effects of both • fertilization and irrigation were measured. Fertilizer treatments consisted of 800 pounds per acre of 10-10-10. 10-4010, or 10-0-10 under the crop. Irrigation treatments included maintaning available soil moisture by irrigation at 60 per cent or at JO per cent, or no irrigation with plant growth dependant on rainfall Rainbird sprinklers (No. 45) were used and the water aplled at a uniform rate of one-half inch an hour. The cotton, of the Arkot 2-1 variety, was planted May 29, in 40-inch rowe.; Other Tests j Non-irrigated plots in the test' produced an average of 1,603 pounds of seed cotton per acre, while the average yield of the irrigated plots was 2,699 pounds to the acre, accord ing to the research men. There was no significant differences in yields from cotton grown a the 30 per cent and the 60 per cen moisture levels, nor between plot' receiving the different fertilizer ratios. Plants in the non-irrigated plot: averaged 2 to 3 feet in height, and those in the irrigated plots aveiaged 4 to 5 feet. In the test at the Clarkedale Substation, the cotton was grown on Sharkey clay. Treatments included non-irrigated plots and irrigated plots that received a total New Hog CjaimsJExtra-Chops' So far this "bonus" hog has only a number—No. 61. Dr. R. E. ,.. Christian of the college's animal husbandry department says the paper work now is under way to get No. 61 registered. Meanwhile, No. 61 Is causing considerable ex- •citement among hog raisers. ' "Nobody wants fat meat," Dr. Christian, points out. "Even the market for lard .is being gobbled up by the vegetable oils. So why jalse fat hogs? Our new hog will •dress out only 19.88 pounds of fat as compared with 25.18 pounds for th« conventional breed." • .The average pig has about IS •pairs of ribs. No. 61s will average •1.3 extn pair. Furthermore, this new breed is 1.91 inches longer; has one-third less back fat and !. will produce about four per cent more cut* of hams, loins, picnics 'and bacon. .. The breeding of hogs for lean meat isn't exactly new. The U.S. Department of Agriculture first . Imported the Danish Landrace \ strain in 1934 and from the strain have come six lean-fype hogs, but . none with the extra size. The cd- • lege liere got three boars from WAHSINGTON STATE'S NO. the U.3.D.A. in I9« and started its project with 18 Chester White hogs. In the successive breedings, only the most desirable was chosen. After 240 litters, No. 6i was obtained, which Is similar to other cross breeds except that it is white and has extra ribs. Dr. Christian says only time will tell how exceptional his new breed is. He e:t*:nates there are between "25 to 30 co-operators in the Northwest who must have 200 61 ... More Chops, loncer bacon. sows bearing the No. 61." "We wanted to test them undei actual farm conditions," he said "It won't be too long before we have some of the animals for general distribution." AVAILABLE NOW! Small Amount of Spring Tooth HARROWS 3&4Secfions! Come In NOW! ELLIS IMPLEMENT CO. 107 W.ft Walnut Ph. 2097 25 CHICKS PUKHAJJ 50 LBS." CMC* ffer i> goo) jot any adult jUdayo* SATURDAY May 2nd 8rli>7 row arm boi. Th«M Leghorn cockutli ' on d FEEDERS SUPPLY COMPANY 513 East Main Phono 3441 »•*, hi faMw mm* CKOWI • *w MIIIU rtiM lurttiu Lilbourn Man on State PMA Board Appointment of Harry ,B. Campbell of Lilbourn as a member of the Missouri State Production and Marketing Administration Committee has been announced by Secretary of Agriculture Ezra Taft Benson. Mr. Campbell is first vice presl' dent of the Missouri Cotton Producers Association and has had wide experience in agricultural and commodity service organizations. He owns extensive farm land In New Madrid and Stoddard Counties, and he is also a partner in the ownership and operation of three cotton gins and three grain elevators. In addition to being first vice president of the MCPA,, he is a member of the association's Executive and Legislative Committees. As a member of the State PMA Committee Mr. Campbell will be charged with the responsibility of administering the .Agricultural Conservation Program, production Adjustment Programs, Federal Crop Insurance Program and Commodity Loan Programs. of U4 inches of water a week Including both rainfall and Irrigation. Rainbird sprinklers (No. MI on 40 by 60 foot spacings were used to aply the water at the rate of one- half -inch per hour. Fertilizer treatment consisted of 400 pounds per acre of 10-10-10 applied under the crop and side dress- ng of 120 pounds per acre of am- Something to Think Abztut 4-H Leader Interest I went out to Armorel last Tiles- day night to a 4-H party that the leaders Mrs. W O. Anderson and Mrs. T. R. Watson, had for both the junior and senior 4-H Club girs and their mothers. I was really glad of the .ipportunity to get to meet all those mothers and discuss 4-H work with them. With the cooperation of the parents and leaders, there is a great deal that the 4-H members may accomplish. 4-H Achievement Day The, 4-H girls plan to have their county-wide Dress Revue early this year before they get too busy In the fields The date is set lor Friday, June 5th. and it is to be held out af the Woman's Building at the fairgrouna Various 4-H members will give demonstrations also. We are really planning a big day. The parents ana anyone else nho would like to come are Invited. Gosnell 4-H The Gosnell 4-H girls are work- Ing steadily on the dresses they plan to model in the county-wide Dress Revue. Several of the girls practiced modeling last Monday, I monia nitrate. Non-irrigated plots produced an average of 1008 pounds of seed cotton per acre. The irigated plots produced 1555 pounds per acre. Last summer was extremely dry, | the men point out, and supplemen- j tal irrigation could not be expected In similar increases in all years. realy want to Bee some winners out of that group this year and I believe there will be some. Bake-Off The bake-off for the cake contest was scheduled for last Wednesday but because of the extremely bad weather some of the contestants could not come so another date will be set in the near future. Garden Insects It is often hard to get a garden •off to a good start with so many j insects making a pass at the tender seedling plants. Among the most common are four kinds of beetles that are serious garden pests. These beetles are easily controlled. The same Insecticide is effective In killing all four kinds of beetles. There are two kinds of cucumber beetles, the striped and the 12-spot- ,ted. They are small, yellow beetles, about one-fourth of an inch long, with black stripea or spots, as Indicated by their names. They feed on the seedling plants of cucumbers, cantaloupes, melons, and other cucn-bits. They often make it difficult to obtain a stand. Later In the season the insects eat the leaves, scar the fruit, carry bacterial wilt, and eat the blossoms. To add further injury the larvae or grubs of the 12-spotted beetle feed on the roots of corn, and are known as southern corn rootworms. The bean leaf beetle Is a reddish or brownish beetle with black markings. It is smaller than the cucumber beetle being about one-sixth of an inch long. It is the cause of the irregular holes eaten in the leaves of beKns This beetle may kill young plants.. Flea beetles are tiny, black beetles that hop like fleas. The most common kind attacks potatoes or tomatoes. They eat shot-holes in the leaves. Potatoes are fairly well nble to look out for themselves, but tomato plants nre in a delicate con- dition for several days after transplanting. At this time, flea beetles can ruin them. Fortunately, all four of these beetles can easily be controlled by dusting with an insecticide containing the element fluorine. The most readily available Insecticide of this type is the compound known as cryolite. Another compound that will do the job is barium fluoslli- cate, usually sold under the trade name of Dutox. These materials need not be diluted, but can be dusted as they come from the package. They should be lightly but evenly distributed over the plants, and the plants should be dry when dusted. Ten to 12 o'clock In the morning is usually the best time for dusting. If correctly applied, results from an application of one of these insecticides will be spectacular. Rotenone fderris 'or cube') may be used instead of cryolite or Dutox. Fair results will be obtained, but less spectacular than with cryolite or Dutox. DDT may be used on beans and i potatoes, but should not be used on cucumbers, cantaloupes, melons or other cucurbits because of injury to the plants. DBT may also cause damage to tomatoes. Clothes For Korea The Lost Cane and Yarbro communities have started collecting used clothing for the Koreans. The need is great and I hope other communities will decide to contribute to this worthy cause. The address of the place to send the clothing Is as follows: C H. Masland & Sons Korean Orphan Appeal Mospeth, L. I., New York It ! s Time To— I Take down winter draperies and curtains and put up summer curtains. 2. Dry clean or wet clean up- NOTICE In the Probate Court of Mississippi' County, Clilckasawba District, Arkansas. In the Matter o! the Estate of Paul D. Foster, deceased No. 2,180 Last known address of decedent! 1140 W. Main, Blytheville, Arkansas. Date o! death: April n, 1953. An instrument "dated May 29, 1948, was on the 22nd day of April, 1953, admitted to probate as the last will of the above named decedent, and the -undersigned has been appointed executrix (or ad- ministratrix with will annexed) thereunder. A contest of the probate of the will can be effected only by filing a petition within the time provided by law. All persons having claims against the estate must exhibit them, duly verified, to the undersigned within six "months from the date of the first publication of this notice, or they shall be forever barred and precluded from any benefit in the estate. This notice first published 23rd day of April, 1953. Iva Frances Evers Foster, Executrix 1140 W. Main, Blytheville, Ark. Elbert Johnson, atty, for executrix. 4:24-5]!. Twin Births Twins comprise 1.07 per cent of the babies born in the United States. Twenty per cent of these are said to be twins of the Identical type. holslered furniture on «. sunshiny, windy day so that it will dry quickly without fading or circling. 3. Give thought to working In tin yard together as a family group. HERE IT IS! STURO'S 1953 COTTON CHOPPER with many new improvements! The New 1953 Sturo will chop from 35 to 40 acres per day . . . and farmers report a saving of over 50% on chopping expense. It is adjustable to any row width ... You can control the spacing and depth of cut. The chopper can be easily attached to any tractor and features ** SEALMASTER SELF-ALIGNING BALL BEARINGS * NEAPCO NEEDLE BEARING UNIVERSAL JOINTS THAT WILL GIVE YOU YEARS OF t SERVICE. MISSCO IMPLEMENT COMPANY S. Highway 61

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