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.•?"• f \> I IN WOMAN'S BEHALF. ABOUT DOMESTIC SERVICE. F § The KesponsiWllty /of TVItstrcHK nnd tha • Duties of Servant*. I will say at the outset that I find, on the whole, little to complain of in recalling my experience regarding 1 household service. 1 began my married life, as many young vromen do, in an unfortunate ignorance of the details of housekeeping and of the spirit which should jfuido it. This was not because I had not had ample opportunities of learning, but because my mind was strongly attracted in other directions, and its leading bent toward literary endeavor TVES allowed full scope 'by those intrust- ed with my bringing up. At my start in practical life I did not know enough of its rules-to be aware of ray own deficiencies, and soon found myself a slow and awkward learner where I ought to have b(»en proficient. So imich of personality appears. to' me essential to' the showing of what 1 have learned'regard- ing household work and those who perform it. " Perhaps I caa not better, commend my lesson, such as it'' is, than by remarking upon the mistaken kindness which, in a well-to-do family, often relieves the young girls from all participation in domestic cares. Even if- they do'not, at a later day, pass out of the Atmosphere of ease and affluence to •which tliey have become, accustomed, they- sustain, a- positive-.loss in not knowing how a household should be mounted and governed. In many cases the occasion for this knowledge begins with the -•very beginning of'married life. It often' comes' also through the vicissitudes of fortune which are common in most communities. At any rate whether in easy or in narrow circumstances, no .family can have its due share of comfort and enjoyment without the care and attention of some woman of heart and intelligence. I have learned to consider the position of a loved and honored guardian of a household a happier and higher one than that of a leader of "fashion, or a phenomenon of talent and accomplishment. It is indeed true that the domestic virtues may be combined -with charms and graces which most embellish life, but where the latter are exclusively sought, and the former neglected, the result will be in no sense admirable. 1 would have every young girl perform as much of household labor as is necessary for the right, understanding of'its-various tasks. How can she order any thing rightly done if she has never done it? I would have her work •until she has learned to respect the tvork of others, and not to speak with •ungentle contempt of any department of domestic service. Would it not be well if to this end a semi or post collegiate course should be instituted as an -adjunct to the higher education, and a degree conferred upon its successful graduates? Lean suggest two of these. Those of the first year might be tern»ed Hopeful Neophytes—H.N.;. those of the later, H. B.—Household Experts. - Some thorough instruction in housekeeping jnight do much to mitigate the .fierce dislike of service which keeps American girls out of our kitchens and nurseries, and gives them over to the care of aliens. To be blindly ordered by- an ignorant mistress who does not know enough of what you have to do to explain what she commands, in case you should not understand it—this •would certainly be a relation of discom- Jort to both parties. To be trained to skilled labor, on the other hand, by one •who herself understands and appreciates it, would involve no lowering of self-respect, no superfluous discomfort and fatigue. When I see, as I often do, our American girls deteriorating in "health, and not unseldom in character, through the experience of the shop arid the factory, I feel a deep regret at the thought of the refined and well-ordered tomes in whose comforts and good influences they might so easily be sharers, their service being to .the right-minded an' occasion of respect and gratitude, not of supercilious patronage or- faultfinding. -I- do not know whether we can, hope that .this order of things may change, but I am sure that, whether in regard to foreigners or natives, better mistresses will make better servants, and a generous and- just disposition -on the one side will do much to insiore a •/willing and able response on the otter. .1 think, then, that the defective train- •jng received in the first place by the Jaousewife is the originating cause of much that is complained of in the conduct of domestics. The results of this imperfect education are two-fold, viz., the want of adequate understanding of -what is to be done and ordered, and the want of consideration for those who are to do it, growing out of ignorance concerning the extent and value of their Jabors. On the other hand, it must be confessed that the faults of domestics are often very trying. From my~ own. experience 1 should say that grave offenses among them are much less common ' in 1 these days than they were twenty years ago. I mean by these, intemperance, dishonesty, and disreputa- ~"ble connections. I remember, 'in my- own early housekeeping, to have been much disturbed more than once at finding 1 • my cook drunk and disorderly. This'trouble, I think, is rarely experienced to-day. The temperance reform las made progress among Catholics as •well as among Protestants, and its benefits have become appreciable in the Tanks of household help. Instances of glaring dishonesty are. I think, rare among" Irish servants, and equally so among Germans of respectable belongings A want of concern for the interests of their employers and a want of reasonable care of their property will still be found to be common traits among those who serve in families. And this leads me to say that the price of peace and good order in the home as •well as in the State is ''eternal vigi- Jance," The constant need cf oversight so jt-ach-complained of in domestics is less" the result of any evil intention on their jart.. than of a want of moral energy and resolution.. The spirit of zeal and of faithfulness in them should be kept alive by considerable watchfulness on the part of those who appoint and direct their, task. The carelessness of those who serve often reflects the carelessness of those who are served, and will be sure to diminish in the presence of a sound and sympathetic management. Ideas and principles, after all, govern the world. The good or bad tone of our household will depend very much upon our o\vn idea of what it shoxild be. If we exact from ourselves a conscientious attention to details we may reasonably exact it from those who serve us. And as we ourselves are human, wo should show in all our relations with them the recognition of our common humanity, with a compassionate charity for its infirmities. \V'i> shall be wise, moreover, if we learn to consider the work of servants as a supplementary to our own, Kot' as opposed to it. The well-being, of the household is a matter of•. so much moment that any right-minded mistress might be glad to fulfill-all its varied offices. The limits of human strength and the complex demands of life and of society will not allow this. Our servants in this view become our niter ego. They do what we should be glad to do if we could do everything that is to be done. We should honor them as our aids and deputies, and any slight which we may show them reaUy reacts against our own worth and dignity.—Julia Ward Howe, in Chautauquan. THE .OLD REBEL YELL. • The Spirit of Secession Still Dominating; the Heroocratlc Party. The old spirit of secession is just as strong to-day with the Bourbon leaders in the solid South as it ever was. They are still determined to rule or- ruin the United States. The main issues resulting from the war are still unsettled— the elevation of the black race to the rights of citizenship and a fair vote and a fair count at every polling place in the Nation. Those questions must be settled on the line of the policies advocated by Abraham Lincoln or Jefferson Davis. These issues are before the citizens of the .United States to-day and they are pressing as persistently against the consciences of all honest people today as they have ever been. The question of right is paramount and must prevail or the Government will go down in anarchy and ruin. The heart and conscience of the mightiest nation the world has ever known can not always be stifled, or held in check by the suppression of votes in the South and the purchase of votes in the National Congress! The spirit of secession has been greatly revived by the treachery of Cameron, Ingalls, and the silver Senators resulting in the defeat of the elections bill. The Texas Rangers are in the saddle again. Not content to let unprejudiced history settle the issues and results of the war, the rebel brigadiers are now attempting to enact a school-book, law, in the Legislature of that State that provides for the publication of a history of the United States that will ''treat the civil war from a Confederate standpoint." This is the rankest treason, and sufficient indication that the old traitors are determined to transmit the'spirit of rebellion to the younger generations of vipers. During a recent session of the Texas Senate, Senator Simkins introduced an amendment to the school-text-book bill which provides "for the use of a history of the United States, not to cost exceeding seventy-five osnts and to treat the civil war from a Confederate standpoint!" The special report to the St. Louis Republic, a Democratic paper of the •worst Copperhead strain, states that Senators Simkins and Lubbock made "strong and eloquent speeches in favor of the amendment. They were tired of having their children read misrepr*- sentatiqus about Confederate soldiers, and having them taught that the Southern people were cowards and traitors!" Senator Stephens opposed the amendment, not because he was not in favor of it, but "on the ground that it would injure the Democratic party, as it would give the Republicans and sectional screamers a club to beat the Democrats over the head with!" Senator Crawford favored the amendment, although, the .Southern patriots who fell in that sanguinary conflict need no history in their defense. Their deeds of valor were indelibly written in the hearts of the people. He held "the memory of the lost cause, and the men who gave their lives in its behalf, ten thousand times dea.rer than the Democratic party!' 1 The beaten but still defiant rebels sustain the Democratic party merely because that party has given the secessionists all the aid, encouragement and support they ever received from any National political organization, and yet. Senator Crawford only voiced the true spirit of the old tire-eating- rebels when he said that he held "the memory of the lost cause, and the men who gave their lives in its behalf, ten thousand times dearer than the Democratic party!" These are not garbled and misquoted statements. The quotations are exactly as they appeared in a special dispatch in the St Louis Republic.. No further evidence is necessary to convince the people that the spirit of secession still lives; that it still liates "the Union of States." and that it is determined to perpetuate that hatred ! to younger generations of vipers j through the school-book. There .has I been a growing fear for several years 1 past that the' war will have to. be |. fought over again and ' the. rebellion completely crushed out of-the hearts and minds of the section .tnat. has always been a disgrace to the Nation and the whole civilized world. That fear is rapidly'changing to a certainty. The only thing; that can prevent another dreadful contest ,of blood is the complete submission .to the will of the majority and a fair vote and a fair count throughout the Nation.—Iowa State Register. . rrofcAHionnl Women Xurncs. Many women are entering the profession of nursing whose sense of honor is not high, and whose appreciation of the dignity -of • labor is not great, but who sees in nxirsing either the means of gaining a livelihood or a way to escape from the rather dull and petty routine of a single girl's life at home. -They like the eclat of doing a noble work and the independence which is essential to it, but are unwilling to do more work than they can help to attain their desire. There are, however, other women, who,, in taking up nursing, often as a means of livelihood, do so with the highest motives, and. who, in rendering themselves independent, have at the same -time the great pleasure of helping others in their struggle through life. From this class, says Murray's Magazine, come all our best matrons, sisters, and nurses, and to them is due the high position nursing holds as a profession for women. JKupnirs Saddles and Ilnrm-ss. In the parish of Plaquemine, Louisr iana, lives a woman, original and plucky, who up to this writing has been to fame unknown. She is a German,, with a queer, unpronounceable name, who, as a repairer of saddles and harness, has built up one of the largest and most lucrative trades in the countryside. The business was her husband's, and at his death she left her stove and wash-tubs to take charge of the shop. At first the new boss employed mew-to •work under her, but soon grew disgusted with their trifling ways and de_- termined to make herself independent by mastering the craft. This she did in short order, and then her prospects brightened. Not only has the industrious frau maintained the standard of her late lord, .but, after a fashion woman have developed of late, has far outdistanced him in thrift and success. Power of WilL The influence of a powerful will in arresting or.retarding the progress of a disease. apparently fatal is one of the most wonderful of all mental phenomena. A person of feeble frame, but of a determined and hopeful spirit, sometimes keeps death at bay for weeks, months, even years, and finally, in defiance of the physicians who have sat in judgment on his case and pronounced it utterly hopeless, .recovers and returns to his customary vocations. On the other h and a. man of strong physique not unfrequently wilts and dies under a comparatively controllable ailment simply from a lack of the mental energy which enables the strong-willed weakling to repel the destroyer.—N. Y. Ledger. St-.' -0--0. VU.LK. of Washington. D. C.. has, since the death of her husband five years ago, carried on his business of horse-shoeing, and is thus supporting and educating her four little boys. Mrs. Banville is said to be a thoroughly practical woman, and pays her employes union prices. She has done work for some of the finest stables in Washington, including that of Senator Leland Stanford; and the Sergeant- at-Arms, Captain Valentine, lately awarded her the contract for this class of work for the U. S. Senate, Clian^ex oi' CJimate Kill more people than is generally known. Particularly is this the case in instances where the constitution is delicate, and among our immigrant population seeking new homes in thost portions of the West, and where malarial and typhoid fevers preval at certain seasons of the'year. The best preparative for a change of climate. oo of diet and water which that change necessitates, is Hosteller's Stomach Bitters, which not only fortifies the system against malaria, a variable temperature, damp, and the debilitating effects of tropical heat, bntis also the leading remedy for constipation, dyspepsia, liver complaint, bodily troubles specially apt to attack emigrants and visitors to regions near the. equator, mariners aud tourists. 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Frank Baker, Judge of the Circuit Court of Cook County, says: ••In some respects it is a vast improvement over the English Britanaica. The English edition contains no biographies of eminent Americans or Englishmen now living, and the biographies of those who are dead are less complete- These deficiencies are remedied in the Americanized edition, making it an invaluable compcnd of facts absolutely essential to historical information. I consider it a most valuable book in any way you look at it. For the man who wantsJa book of reference for use I consider it invaluable. It is also a marvel of cheapness and an indispensable auxilary to every library." Lyman J. Gage, President World's Columbian Exposition And vice president of the First National Bank, say: "The movement inaugurated to supply, the people with the Americanized Encyclopaedia Britannica is a marked indication of an advance in the intellectual taste of the community. Underlie' easy conditions of purchase of the work it ought to be in . every library, however humble." From the^Chicago Herald: ••The Americanized Encyclopedia Britannica is a magnificent and valuable possession for every household. It presents for the first time a complete reference library at a price and on terms within reach of every family." From Colonel Geo. Davis, Director General of the Hgif World's Fair: ••The wovk is a most praiseworthy undertaking-. Any legitimate method by which the people are presented an opportunity for the purchase at a reasonable cost Of works of standard 'literature .or works of importance as the means of acquiring a practical and substantial education 'deserves the fullest, possible recognition. The Americanized Encyclopedia Britannica appears' to have met the requirements in all respects. ' I commend the work with, pleasure." E. St. John, General Manager of the Rock Island Kail- Road System, Expresses his conclusions in the following direct and emphatic language: • 'The remarkable enterprise in offering to the public on terms so inviting, a work of such merit as the Americanized Encyclopedia Britannica can but result in benefit to every person securing it. Tbe Encyclopedia needs no' commendation. Every page speaks for itself and attests its value." From the St. Louis Republic: "The Americanized Encyclopedia Britannica is not. the: Encyclopedia. Britannica in its old form, but the Encyclopedia Britannica Americanized and. so Americanized to make it a thousand-fold more valuable to American Readers than the English edition." Coloael Sexton, Postmaster of Chicago, says: ••I think it is a valuable addition to the publications of the year. One feature of the book must suggest itself to all readers—that is, the comprehen. sive manner in which the topics are presented. Instead of being obliged to read through a column of matter to get at the gist of the subject the latter is. presented in detail in the'most condensed, concise and presentable from the start. You cannot get up such a work as this too briefly. A child wants detail, an experienced man wants brevity. You have it here without circumlocution or prolixity. 'Consider me an advocate forits extended circulation." On payment of $10.00 down and signing contract to pay $2. £>0 per month for eight months,, we will deliver the complete work in ten volumes, cloth ; binding and aoree to send DAILY JOURNAL to you for one year FREK Or cash $28 for books and paper one -year. In Sheep v :BmdiDg— $12 downy $3 per • month, or |33.50 dash • <«o «IDT EMSeal Morocco BID ding— $13 down,f 3.2oper month, off3&cash. '«.""', f n • Books can be examined at our office, ^ here lull information can be obtained;' Or by dropping us a postalr we will have our representative call on you with samples- W. D. PlATT, Pub.