The Liberator from Boston, Massachusetts on December 6, 1834 · Page 2
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The Liberator from Boston, Massachusetts · Page 2

Boston, Massachusetts
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Saturday, December 6, 1834
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-4 ; f m 194 THE LIBERATOR. m ? Ifj-.I m i r i- I; i'f li:' il., 2 COMMUNICATIONS. MR. THOMPSON AT PLYMOUTH, N. H. - Pltnovth, N. II. Nov. 1?, 133-1. Dear Gaiuus"! VV were highly animated Thursday the 13th, at a stage arrival in oar tittle village, bearing tho ' honored freight Messrs. Thomo, Grosvf.sor and PiiELrs, fresh from the feld of Convention at Concord. ' To see Georje Thompson here ajrton us, at some period of his beneficent sojourn, we li31 fondly hoped, from the momcut you announced to us his intended embarkation from England. But to greet him so soon after hi landing, and tolicarhiinsjeak, within our own walls, while his locks were yet wet with the dews of New-York hospitality, waj a favor1 we had not anticipated. What a d.iiratc and discerning taste, by the way, this despotic New-York tavern-keeper roust have, and this monocracy of pars In general, to rent their fine courtesies upon a ubject like him ! Who that bthdd George Thompson merely, could imagine that tbore existed a brutality, even in New-York, bmtal enough to d him harm or show him nnkindnens 1 Burns tells of a Scottish lass, thai the ' very dc'il could not look in the face hut he would cry out l cauna wrang thee.' Our moboeracy might take lessons in civility and humanity of the hard's de'il,' as I fear they have taken, of a spirit having other existence than in the imagination of profane poetry. 1 really wondered, as I gaied on the elegant and interesting stranger, that a tavern-keeper could be found in all the hog-trarerstd streets of our republican Bahj Ion, ef a civility so tvimsh as to.lurn him from his door, even were il to humor the sovereign and awful caprice r a man-jockey from the south ! His wife and little children, too, routed of the poor home that a tavern could yield them in a strange land, the first night, 1 believe, of their respite from the tossing tea! Shame ou you, most magnanimous intrtiolder ! and shame ou the public, ikal will countenance the impudent brutality '- Dut I set out to give you a slight account of our anti-slavery ccasion, and the addresses of our no-ble friend to tho good people of Grafton County. It was a capital occasion. A court session had lrawn together the flower of the sliire. Our fiue, intellectual bar, that will rank in talent and honorable character with any in New-England ; our jury pannels, the prime of the yeomanry of a temperance community ; these, with a considerable amount of merit and eminence ejr officio, and the other following of a county assize, making up a pretty full representation of our local public, afforded grand materials for an anti-slavery auditory. Then we had ome distinguished talent from out the county. Our ample court house, condescendingly opened to us in the evening, was filled at first ray of candle. A fair proportion or ladies graced the attendance, the clergy from this and other surrounding towns, and, to add dignity aud imprest to the meeting, gentlemen advanced somewhat iu life, of high judicial station in better limes than llieso. now retired. came several miles., in the air of a November evening, to countenance the occasion and bear the advocate of the Negro gentlemen who, though not professedly abohtinnMs, and not altogether-ready perhaps to allow the colored man hit right, if it were thought immediately practicable, yet fr.r alvnve the vulgar prejudice aainst him that infects our ordinary great, and too sagacious to trifle with the black man' plea. The auditory was, on the whole, one of the fine that could be gathered, and numbered several hundreds. 'I'he Hon. S. P. Webster was prevailed on to incur tho hazards of the chair. The meeting was epened by prayer from the Rer. Mr. Grosvenor our own beloved minister being called for, but not having reached the meeting, j A Symn followed appropriate words, set to musie ty an ingenious abolition neighbor, v. ho led the sing- ' lug. Bro. Phelps then offered the following resolution if I can remember accurately, through the splendid discussion that followed That Immediate and Entire Emancipation is the only righteous, efficient, safe or practicable remedy for American slavery ; and thai it was the solemn fluty of every Amencan citizen to address himself forthwith to its consummation. ly every christian means. lie s-.istained the resolution in a series of pertinent and forcible remarks for fifteen or twenty minutes ; though evidently, lo us who knew him, with restrained pewcrs. He was succeeded by Mr. Grosvenor, who spoke about , thesame lime ; and though manifestly with intent mainly to pave.the way for what was to orae after, he rose lo high and affecting strains of eloquence. He was especially happy in a comparison of the trifling causes which employed the zeal and talents of counsel in that Seal of Justice, with the unutterable wrongs of two millions and a half of clients, in whose behalf he pleaded, lint be forbore, he said, lo lake the lime bclongiog lo his giued friend, who was to follow him. for whom he hoped the candid-hearing of the auditors, as he was sure he would have their hearts. Gcorse Thompson rose before the hushed assem bly. They did not cheer lum it is not their habit and if it had been, they had no such welcome for I the advocate, of the despised Negro. We have wronged the colored man too long and too deeply to readily forgive him, or to regard with complacency the man who ventures to take up his cause. Had the orator risen for tho Polander or the Greek, or in behalf of any honorable ami classical suffering, the walls would have rung with enthusiastic acclamation; but it is otherwise, toward the advocate of the poor, the despised, the injured, the scorned, and him that had none to help him. The multitude regarded him in deep silence. Slowly, solemnly, and with wonderful expression, he summoned them to the momentous importance of the subject on which lie was enteritis, and challenged the mention of any that could hold comparison with it, as it boie on the interests of man or the weal of this nation. Atter a brief preliminary, he bore away into a stream of argument and ehiqiienl appeal to whi-n I had witnessed no parallel, and of which 1 can attempt no account. For an hoof it may be two hours I could form no estimate of the time by its lapse-he held the surprised aud reluctant assembly in breathless attention. I do not conjecture their emotions or convictions. There were no plaudits bo more than at the defence before Agrippa, or the reasonings before Felix. To some the orator may wave seemed beside himself' mad ' with much learning.' 0;hers may have ' almost been persuaded. I r .41101 tielnil his aigumenls, or give any the faimM.t idea of his impression. I have a daz zling impression on my memory of a portraiture of American slavery terribly graphic an exposi lion of the Levilieal Law, in its bearings on ancient erviiude and on modern slavery one which,! think, will forever deter all who heard it, from ven turing thither foe warrant or apology for the infamous system of American slaveholding : of ; fiance at Abraham and his household, marching to ihe slsmgh'er of the Lin a train little enough re- semMmg a e""g f sullen. h-vy-f.nted negroes, graded to the rice Warm, and sii!l less a eoflle of chained men moving through Fieedom's capital, at the sound of her national music, to a more dismn bondage io the far sooih. St. Paul's recapture and remanding of the fugitive OncMmus, was illustrated by a roramcntarv that will effectually warn all our eripMtre-mng,M. who go about vindicating this slavery (which they hate worse than the abolitionists) from the bible, nsainsl ftiotipg again from the episde to Phi!-nM ! The titter impracticability of grdiil or partial emancipation. the danger of indulging the eaotive wilb a lengiliened chain, while you bold bim still bound. ihe folly of attempting a lingering release of him from his thraldom, link by link, and the danger of immediate emancipation, be portrayed. Front the two million and a half of batchers who would be let loose ' upon the defenceless while fSrfUcs, by immediate aho'ition, he begged leave to make some detachments. First, he egged lo detach all the infancy. This would hardly add to the force of an insurrection. Then ail the childhood, below the years tail enough to reach a throat lo cut it j then ihe decrcpid age, whose vigor had long been exhausted in slavery' toil,' and which even emancipation could not recall ; the mothers rejoicing in their children theirs at last beyond the reach of iho auctioneer and the kidnapper ; the countless band of sable youth And beauty, with modesty sacrificed and affections offered n- on the altar of the white man's shame; then the sick a host at ail times under the 'tender mercies ' of the system ; the christians ' resisting not evil ' much less rising upon benefactor ; and last and least too the favorite slaves the 4 kindly treated.' All these he would detach, and be thankful for ; and against the revengeful gratitude of the residue, he commended the defenceless master to the strong arm of the law, lo justice and lo God. Oh, for the pen of a ready writer, to have CMight his glorious refutation of the impious slander that the black man was infv-iior in native capacity to his oppressor! his burning reprehension of our demauding fruit from the tree to which we'denied the fertility of the earth, the dew, the shower, and the sunshine consigning it to darkucss and sterility, and then scornfully demanding of it foliage and fruits ! I doubt if the stenographer could have availed himself of his art to arrest his enchanting exclamations ' tbey could be felt, hut could not be followed.' I cannot speak of his reading and comments of the Iviii. of Isaiah. Every christian ought to have come to the field upon it, as at the sound of a trumpet. He cried aloud, and he did not spare. . He spoke of the south and the slaveholder in terms of cbristiau affectiondeclared himself a brother lo Ihe slave-master a fellow sinner under like condemnation with him, but for the grace of God of the country its history, its great names, its blood-bought privileges, and its blood-cemented union be spoke with thrilling sad overpowering admiration lamenting the stain of slavery upon our otherwise glorious renown. Much as I was captivated with his oratory and force, it was the sweet spirit of the christian that woo most my admiration and affection, it was the spirit of the ' beloved disciple ' aud he comes into this guilty land not ' to spy out its nakedness ' or abundance, or to regard our boasted politics ; but in obedience to that solemn command, ' Go ye into all nations ; ' and to the ' Lo, I am with you,' we commit him, for protection against the violence of our multitudes and the councils of our chief priests and pharisees. After he had closed, the resolution was put to the meeting for their adoption. It was read by the chairman with a feeling somewhat below the fervor ef the speaker. Slill.a very goodly number of bands were raised iu its support, and ouly three were seen to go up in answer to the call for opposition. 77iree hands ! and these were of gentlemen scholars bred to the generous pursuits of learning ! Before the addresses, scarcely three, beside the few professed abolitionists, would have risen in favor of the doctrines of the resolution. The assembly dispersed quietly and with the utmost decorum, after prayer by our beloved pastor. Many abolitionists were confirmed, and many, I have no doubt, made at the meeting. The addresses were spoken of with universal admiration the cause opposed with moderated and respectful toue. The result will be most hippy for the cause. I have only to say that our brethren might ecme among us again.- Another such hearing would assemble thousands and thousands may assemble in Grafton County without danger of mobs. We have enough ol honorable character among the opposition to hold-' our uiobocracy iu respectful check. I hope they will visit us again early. This County is an important section of ihe State. The temperance cause received some of its earliest aud most powerful impulses here, and ' good temperance ground is good abolition ground.' In haste, my dear sir, too much to retrench my long and crude letter, 1 remain, truly and affectionately, yours, N. P. ROGERS. ILr" Mr. Rogers is an able lawyer and an enlightened Christian. Co. Lib. MR. THOMPSON AT PAWTUCKET, R. I. Pawtccket, Nov. 28, 1834. Mr. Garrison : Mr. Thompson has made a powerful, happy, and, I trust, lasting impression iu favor of the cause of emancipation in the city of Providence. In the providence of God, I was prevented hearing him ; but the tree is known by the fruit, and of that I can say it is good and abundant. Whatever of prejudice might have been entertained by any of his audience against him personalis', was vanquished forthwith, and lost in a conviction of his disinterested love to God and man, and his honesty of purpose ; and that in his mission and labors, he is moved by the invincib! agency of Christian philanthropy. lie said that 4 he was accused of being a foreigner, but that could not be his fault, for he was not con sulted respecting the place of his birth ; had he been, he might have chosen to have been born in the good citv of Providence.' Of his eloquence, I have heard but one sentiment expressed, viz. that it is of the very first order. An acquaintance of mine, a political editor, said, that he did not hesitate to pronounce him the most eloquent speaker he had ever heard. Nor were his hearers merely delighted and entertained with his fasci nating powers of oratory : his arguments seemed to carry all by the board, and I have reason to believe made a multitude of con verts. Yesterday we had the unspeakable satisfaction of welcoming Mr. Thorfipson to our village, and of hearing him address a large and attentive audience in the first Baptist meeting-house. He was extremely inter esting, although it was said, by those who had previously heard him, that it was far from being one ot his most happy efforts. He said that he did not speak easy at all. This difficulty, I think, may partly be attributed to the house not being the most happily constructed for ea?y speaking, especially for a stranger, and partly to the unhappy time of day which we fixed upon for the commence ment, which circumscribed him in respect to tune, aud imut have been peculiarly embarrassing. The audience, however, so far as I am informed, were highly gratified, and the unanimous desire .expressed is to hear him again. Mr. Thompson was literally thronged with company at his lodgings, at the house of our .riend, Mr. William Adams, who were no less instructed than delighted with his most agreeable demeanor, and appropriate and pertinent conversation. I thank God for such a laborer in the cause My dear Brother, what hath God wrought! S.une four years ago, you were almost alone in your labors in this cause in New-England : now a host have been raised up in the length and breadth of the whole land, who htya joined the holy standard; and, in addition to this, brethren from beyond he seas fly to our aid, helping onward the invincible cause with their prayers, untiring; toil, and eloquence almost commensurate with the merits of the cause they so dearly love. Generations yet unborn shall rise up to call StcaRT and Thompson, with the American I'Jiilanthro-pi-jts who have jeopardised their earthly all in the cause of abolition ; I say, they 6hall rise up, and call them blessed. One circumstance transpired yesterday, which was, to me, as I trust it was to all who witnessed it, most solemnly aSecting and impressive, which I must not omit mentioning;. After we had been a few moments seated in the pulpit, I perceived that some one was endeavoring to gain, although with extreme difficulty, the ascendancy of the pul pit stairs ; and on opening the door, who do you think it was found to be ? A mobocrat, ready' to seize on Mr.- Thompson, tear him from the house, and tar and feather him? Nay; it was the venerable Moses Brows, at the advanced age of 97, pressing forward, as if sent by God to place himself on the platform by the side of his trans-atlantic brother, not only to hear from his lips the doctrines which he himself has so long advocated, and reduced to practice in his- life, but also to sanction, by his patriarchal and venerable presence, the cause of philanthropy in which he was engaged ! We hope soon to be blessed with another visit from Mr. Thompson. , Youtjs sincerely, RAY POTTER. For the Liberator. MR. THOMPSON AT LOWELL. Mr. Garrisos A brief and hasty sketch is all I can now send you of occurrences in our good little town of Lowell, during the visit of our invaluable friend Thompson, fie came among us on invitation, to give lectures on Sabbath, Monday and Tuesday evenings of the present week. We had obtained permission of the Selectmen to occupy for the purpose the Town Hall, a room in which town meetings are held, and the use of which is usually granted, on any respectful application, for any object which is not unlawful or manifestly immoral. On Sabbath evening, Mr. Thompson gave a splendid lectuie, in which he entirely swept away the pretended support ef slavery from the bible. The audience was large, and listened with delight till a late hour. They suffered no. interruption, except the throwing of a large stone at a window, which was arrested by the sash aad fell harmless on the outside. Notice was given en Sabbath evening, that the lecture on Monday evening would commence at 8 o'clock ; and that we would meet for discussion at half past 6 ; Mr. Thompson extendin g a most respectful and friendly invitation to all who had objections to our principles or measures, to be present and state them and to all who had inquiries, to propound them. On Monday, our Board of Managers sent special messages, of the same purport, to gentlemen who had taken an active part in public against the formation of our Society last winter. They declined the invitation unanimously, and we had not a single objector or inquirer at the meeting, except abolitionists. This was much regretted ; for anti-slavery men are anxious to have the whole subject thoroughly sifted, and every argument brought against them fairly examined, in the hearing of the people. However, we managed to have some of f,he most formid able objections stated, and our friend entertained the assembly by refuting them, one after another, in the most lively and entertaining manner. Then followed a lecture of nearly two- hours length, on the history of St. Domingo that history which on so many minds is a spectre to warn them against the liberation of slaves ; but which, when truly narrated, is so triumphant an example of the perfect safety of immediate emancipation, even in circumstances as unpromising as can possibly be conceived. Very few left the hall till the lecture was ended, notwithstanding its length ai.d some untoward events now lo be mentioned. In the early part of the lecture, a small company of low fellows disturbed the assembly just without the door, in the entry at the head of the stairs, by-loud stamping, vociferation and hisses. This was continued at intervals for near half an hour, when peace-officers, V4 ho had been sent for, arrived, and immediately the disturbers were quiet as lambs-, and continued so till the close. Some lime aftrr, three missiles were thrown at the building behind the speaker. The third or last, a large brickbat, came through the window, passed near the speakers head and fell harmless before the audience in front of the rostrum. This missile must have been thrown with great force, to pass into ihe second story of a high- posted bu:khng, and fly so Tar from the wall. A slight change of its direction would ha ve silenced lb.e eloquence of our friend forever, except that the barbarity of the deed would have given what he had already said in behalf of ihe oppressed a more glorious immortality. Praised be the Arbiter of life, that he yet survives to plead for the outcasts. Nothing daunted, be spoke some time aflcf this, and the meeting closed in peace. Dut the elements of turbulence and confusion had but begun to move. Yesterday, we heard of little but ' wars and rumors of wars ' much that was rumor only ; but too much that was real, for the honor of Lowell or of New-England. The most sagacious never seriously apprehended greater disturbance on the ensuing evening. Our board of managers met early in the afternoon, who unanimously and calmly resolved to claim the protection of the Selectmen, and to proceed with the meeting. The Selectmen, like true guardians of the public welfare, had been on the alert during the day. They received our application in a very gentlemanly manner, and promised us protection to the extcat of their authority. The lime arrived. With Mr. Thompson, we met the Selectmen in their room adjacent to the Hall. The night was exceedingly dark ; the building was approachable ou all sides ; and not a window had a blind or a shutter, except that behind the speaker, which had a temporary barrier on the inside, which remains to-day a disgraceful monument of the infuriate temper of some men in Lowell. The Selectmen still pledged us all the aid they could render; bat doubted whether it were practicable, with the preparations which time permitted, ta save the assembly from violence through the windows from without. Under these circumstances, we fell it an act of discretion aud humanity, without any sacrifice of principle, to adjourn the meeting lo 2 o'clock this afternoon at the same pUcti. This was done, and no further violence occured. Mr. Thompson is now giving his concluding let lure ou the practical part I Ihe subject, and I have stolen away to write lest I should -be loo late. The mal-conients were not satisfied lo retire borne after our adjournment last evening. They re-opened the Hall, and held a sort of mohocratie caucus, though remarkably still and orderlv for one of that kind. They passed, and have to-day published, resolutions, ' deeply deploring the existence of slavery ' most sincerely, no doubt and saving that ibe agitation of the subject here is tety bad that the To wo Hall ought not to be used for the purpose and communicating this wise opinion to the Selectmen. Those oSkers, however, hare stpod firm to their duty to-day. The meeting is closed, and my letter must go.. I cannot, however, forbear to say, that the handbills and other menaces of yesterday did us much good. Many, who are not friendly lo our principles, said, ' This is no question of abolition but whether law and order shall prevail in Lowell, or whether mobs shall rule.' Tbey besought us to proceed, aud were ready to render us every assistance in their power. The ocenrrences of the week will do much for the cause of truth and liberty in our town and you may tell the whole country that abolition in Lowell is neither dead nor wounded. Yours truly, A. RAND. , Wednesday, Dec..3. BENEZET, WOOLMAN, AND SCOTT. ' fX5 Wc are much obliged to our estimable female friend for the following pertinent quotations : Ux bridge, I lth mo. 25th, 1634. Much respected friend Jfflliam lAoyd Car-, rison : I hope thou wilt excuse me for troubling thee with a few lines at this time, the reason of which is, to introduce to thy notice a few extracts from the writings of several of the members of the Society of Friends, on the very important subject of slavery. I have thought they might be useful, at least to some of the members of our Society in the present day, when so much stupidity and in difference is apparent in too many amongst us; notwithstanding which, I do believe the cause wiil prosper, because it is of "IIim who holds the ensign of worlds, and wields" the sceptre of hi3 power over kings of the earth; at whose nod, nations are made to tremble, and mighty kingdoms to fall ! whom myriads of Christians surround, and hosts of angels in silent astonishment stand and adore." Taking this view of the subject, there is encouragement to persevere in the great and important work thou hast embarked in. Though all the powers of darkness combine against thee, they cannot prevail their power is limited. I have often thought of thee, since we, in this vicinity, have engaged a little in the same cause. O, it seems to me that thou must have been abundantly supported and preserved by best wisdom, or thou wouldst have long since been discouraged, the force of opposition is so great, were I to judge from the little I have seen and heard. I have been led to believe there is no hope but in that Almighty arm, which is both able and willing to help all those who put their trust in Him. I shall first present thee with an extract of a letter from Ajtthont Bkmezet to the Archbishop of Canterbury, in the year 1758. " With the best respects I am capable of, and from, I trust, no other motive than that of love to mankind ; and from a persuasion of thy sincere desires for the suppression of evil, and the promotion of righteousness, which alone exalteth a nation ; I make bold affectionately to salute thee, and to request a little of thy attention to a subject which has long been a matter of deep concern to many, vast many, well-disposed people of all denominations ia these parts, viz., that of the negro trade the purchase and bringirg the poor negroes from their native land, and subjecting them to a state of perpetual bondage, the most cruel and oppressive, in which the English nation is so deeply, engaged, and which with additional sorrow we observe to be greatly increasing in their northern colonies, and likely still more to increase. I herewith send thee some treatises lately published here on that subject, wherein are truly set forth the great inhumanity and wickedness which thi3 trade gives - life to, j whereby hundreds of thousands of our fellow creatures, equally with us the objects of Christ's redeeming grace, and as free as we are by nature, are kept under the worst of ; oppression, and many of them yearly breughf to a miserable and untimely end I make bold earnestly to entreat, that thou wouldst be pleased seriously to read them, when I doubt not thou wilt perceive it to be a matter which calls for the most deep consideration of all who are concerned for the civil, as well as religious welfare of their country, and who are desirous to avert those judgments, which evils of such a dye must necessarily sooner or later bring upon every peo-i pie who are defiled therewith, and will, I trust, plead my excuse for the freedom I take in thus addressing myself to thee. How an evil of so deep a dye has so long, not only passed unnoticed, but has even had the countenance of the government and been supported by law, is surprising; it must be because many worthy men in power, both of the laity and clergy, have been unacquainted with the horrible wickedness with which the trade is carried on, the corrupt motives which give life to it, and the groans, the numberless dying groans, which daily ascend to God, the common father of mankind, from the broken hearts of those our deeply oppressed fellow creatures." Now, friend Garrison, I submit this extract entirely to thy disposal ; the reason of my wishing it inserted in thy valuable paper was, that somi of the members of our society might be benefitted thereby. The next is from Joint Woolmas's ac-! count of hi3 travels in tb slave States. He says: I saw in these southern provinces, so many vices and corruptions, increased bv this trade and this w,v of life that it appear-J ed to me as a gloom over the land: and though now many willingly run into it, ye; in future, the consequence will be grievous to posterity. I express it as it hath appeared to me, not at once or twice, but as a matter fixed on my mind. From one age to another, the gloom grows thicker and darker, till error gets established lj general opinions. Negroes are our fellow creatures, and their present condition amongst us requires our most serious consideration. -We know not the time when those scales in which mountains are weighed, miy turn ; the Parent of mankind is gracious ; his care is over a!l his smallest creaturrg; and a multitude of men escape not his notice. And though many of them are trodden down and despised, yet he remembereth them : he seeth their afflictions, and lookcth upon the spreading increasing exaltation of the oppressor. He turns the channels of power, and gives deliverance to the oppressed, at such periods as are consistent with his infinite justice and goodness. : I shall not trouble thee with but one extract more, and that from Job Scott's jour nal, taken from the account of his visit in the southern States. He says ' The meeting for sufferings was also favored. It appears the members thereof had been, and with some success, engaged in the rights of the injured Africans, at which my soul rejoiced ; for many of them groan in cruel bondage in this land. But I believe the Lord will mors and more arise for their deliverance, alid work their emancipation ; and that through judgments poured out upon their oppressors, if the hard hearts of those who make them groan, are not sof tened by milder means. page 19c. This will serve to show that the concerned part of the Society of Friends speak the samer language in regard to the dreadful sin of slavery, as that ef other denominations of Christians every where, the world over. BAD ENOUGH AT BEST. Mr. Editor: In perusing the last number of the Liberator, I noticed on 2nd page, 3d column, an article entitled 4 Colored People of Boston,' in which was drawn rather a worse picture in regard to this class of people, as respects trades,' than cught to be, as the best is bad enovglu It is true, the wants of this people are many and great ; and too true to be denied, many have suffered, and still are suffering, for want of employment, and the necessary comforts of life. It is stated in the article, 'this great city has only tico colored mechanics one a blacksmith in Cambridge-st and another a shoemaker in Brattle-sL I can say, with the utmost confidence, that there is in this city a number of tradesmen among us, who meet with very little or no encouragement. Experience has taught me, that a 'dark stain of brow ' renders it very difficult for us to o-ain access even to the meanest manufactur-ing liouse. After I served an apprenticeship at the shoemaking business, I came to this city with a good recommendation, in search of a place ; I applied at several shoe Btores for employment, showing my recommendation, but was refused, I suppose, merely on account of that well known crime viz. of having a, dark skin. Hundreds of mechanics, in this city and vicinity, are denied an access to employment, for the very same crime. So cruel are the prejudices against color, that in almost every instance where we have been ia employment, many a deceiver and hypocrite, in the garb of a friend, will use every effort to seek our ruin. Among the different kinds of mechanics in this city, I can for a certainty mention the following, colored : blacksmiths, 5 ; carpenters, 2 ; gold and silversmiths, 1 ; tailors, 8 ; shoemakers, 4 ; besides a number of various other tradesmen, viz. brickmakers, brush-makers, ropemakers, coopers, ship-carpenters, masons, &.C., who would, if any encouragement was offered, gladly embrace the opportunity of working at their trades. Among the females, there are more than 8 tailoresses, who constantly work at their trades, and many more who would, if encouraged. Milliners and dressmakers, 4; and as many apprentices. I never have learnt the exact number of colored tradesmen in this city ; but, however, I think my friend has estimated the number 50 or GO per cent less than the real valne. We indeed need the sympathies of the Boston people : and do cherish the hope, that ere long, there will be so much sympathy manifested, that we shall have as good a chance to learn, and work at all kinds of trades, as if we were not guilty of that heinous crime. Some such sympathy as this would greatly encourage us, advertisement or application for colored apprentices and journeymen for clerks traders, Sic. Is not our condition truly bad enough at best? Are not our dearest rights taken from us ? Are wc not stigmatized and ridiculed in the most shameful manner? Are we not considered by some, very much inferior, and, too, by those .who call themselves Christians ? Are there not in the churches, places erected in the most remote corners, for the colored man to worship ? Do not even the drunkard, the thief, the robber, and the murderer, refuse to ride in the stage with the most decent and respectable colored man ? Do not these foul fiends of right and equity point a finger of scorn ? Is not the most atrocious villain, if he wears a fair skin, considered in the eyes of the community a gentleman to the most honest colored man ? All this is the effect of Prejudice. B. F. R. J'ovember, 1834. THE NATIONAL COMPACT. Mr. Editor, Your last paper contains a communication headed 'Political Action,' and dated Portland, Nov. 17, in which the writer alludes to an article of mine, in a previous number of the Liberator, as follows: 'Your correspondent is wrong. The existence of slavery is not approved or encouraged by our Constitution. Peradventure, Mr. Editor, your Portland correspondent is rin-ht. and mvsplf r.f .nneo ' uenc wron!r. i make no tension tr e u k v. . i - . ... nfaJlib'1'ty. al degree of skill or tnowieage, especially in relatiori to mat t ters of this nature. By the way, however, if 1 recollect aright, fas I am not just now in possession of the article alluded to,) the term' Constitution was not employed in the obnoxious communication. It was affirmed, that many individuals object to the principles and movements of abolitionists, on the alleged ground of their disorganizing tendency or the alleged ground of their "tendency to subvert the federal compact and such a compact was recognized, to the everlasting disgrace of this vaunted and otherwise free and independent land. Now, Mr'. Editor, I wish simply to ask Is it not a fact, that on the adoption of our Constitution, a compact was endorsed both by the free and slave states ? Was it not a compact directly subversive of that patriotic Declaration, which says that all men are created equal, etc. ? Was it not a compact instituted at the expense, yea, the sacrifice of the. temporal and eternal welfare of our colored brethren? And are we not," even at this enlightened period, pledged by the so- lemnity and sacredness of this confederacy, to resist on the part of the enslaved the assertion of their just and inalienable rights, and the desire of the redress of their paat and present grievances, aad rescue our southern brethren in the issue of sanguinary insurrection? In fine, are we not ol-emnly -and sacredly pledged to perpetuate, by virtue of this compact, the combined horrors and atrocities of American alrrcry A CONSTANT READER. W-altham, Nor. 13, 1834". Mr. Garriso: Dear Sir Supposing a slave make escape from his master, and comes to Wal-tham, and I assist him in getting still farther from his master, so that he finally gets ta Canada, or any where else "beyond his mas. ter's reach ; can that master recover, at law, the amount of the slave from roe, provided I am worth it? i. e. have I, or have I not, lawful right to assist a runaway slave to retain his freedom ? An answer to this enquiry, either by letter directed to D. M. G. of Waltham, or in the next week's Liberator, will be received as a favor by a friend of all humanity. SATURDAY, DECEMBER 6, 1834. AFRICAN REPOSITORY versus JAMES G. BIRNEY. No. II. Mr. Birney says, that while he was acting as agent of the Society, he thought ' that, by the union of benevolence and selfishness, the co-operation of the whole South might be secured' but, ho expressively adds, I unhesitatingly declare, that the total incongruity of these two principles did not strike my mind as it has done, since I witnessed their dissociable and mutually destructive energy.' We are shocked by the remarks of the reviewer upon this passage. He says, in jus tificatio'n of selfish appeals ' The minister of our holy icligion, tiot rontent wiih urging its high sanetions as a revelation froa the Almighty, announcing Ilis will, and deinaadiBf the obedience of His creatures, hahitoally enforce the consideration, that man's temporal happiness is West subserved l.y his conformity with the rule oflife which that revelation prescribes.' But is this an appeal to the selfishness of men, in the common acceptation' of that term ? - No exactly the reverse ! Let ua look at Walker's definitions : ', a. Attentive only to one's oa interest, rot'd of regard for others. ' Selfishness, s. Attention to his owa interest, without any regard to others ; self-love. ' Selfishly, ad. With regard only lo his owa interest, without love of others.' , Now, dare this reviewer affirm, that the ministers of our holy religion, according to the foregoing definitions, always or ever hold language liko this to sinners? 'As you would be selfish, void of regard for others; as you would enlarge your selfishness, and be attentive only to your oum interest; at you would act selfishly in all your dealings, without love of others; then embrace the gospel ! ! ' No this is ' the doctrine of devils, not of christian minister. The command is, ' Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, soul, mind, and strength; and thy neighbor as thtsslf.' If there be any selfishness in this, then language is too ductile and deceitful either for instruction or reproof; and. certainly this is the strongest appeal that we are allowed to make to the self-interest of the sinner. If he would become a christian, he is admonished thus Love not "the Vorld, neither the things that are in the world' 'He that loveth father or . mother more than me, is not worthy of me ' Ye 6hall be hated of all men for my name's sake 't- All that will live godly in Christ Jesus shall suffer persecution.' It is true, this consolation is given to him 'If we be dead with him, Christ, we shall also live with him: if we suffer, we shall also reign with him ''Godliness is profitable unto all things, having promise of the lift that now is, and of that which is to corns' To the true believer, there is nothing paradoxical or selfish in these declarations-nothing contradictory in this language of the apostle: 'As deceivers, and yet true; ai unknown, and yet well known; as dying, and behold, we live.' Nor in this of Dr. Young: V ' ' How poor, how rich, how abject, how august. How eomplieate, how wonderful is mas ! A n heir of glory ! a frail child of dost ! f Helpless immortal ! insect infinite ! A worm ! a god ! ' Mr. Birney says ' A auxiliary to the impnlses of benevolent T calculated upen the selfish advantages to the Soath .... by the union of benevolence and telfishnss .... I C5HEitatihoi.T T F.CLARE, that the total imcf-gncity of these tico principles did WOT STRIKE stj mind, as it has done, since I witnessed their dissociable, and mutually destructive energy.. ,- To which his reverend reviewer contemptuously adds : ' Now. we submit, that it is by no mesas wonderful that this imputed incongruity did not strike If Biroev'n mind sooner. Ths wonder is. that it struck his mind at all, or the mind of any man Of course, this is to affirm, that there is perfect, congruity and reciprocity of actiont between benevolence and selfishness ! between? light and darkness! between generosity and' avarice! between -Christ and Belial! Th is genuine colonization theology. But mark the cunning of the reviewer, as he proceeds ; ' Reflecting persons have generally snpnaseti iha' a plan may be based on tho strongest foundations e' duty, and be animated bv the most enlarged-nrinei-. pies of philanthropy, am) yet promise advantage on the score of indii-iduat'interests, which ita aJ. cate would be not only justifiable for pressing, be inexcusabJo for omitting. Again: , The minister of or holy religion . . .'. habitually enforce the consideration, that man's temporal hf piness is best subserved by bis conformity wits Ik rule of life ttc. &.e, And this' is a refutation of Mr. Birnej' theory ! and this is the evidence that there is no incongruity 'in the anion of benevolent and selfishness ' Now, why does the re- viewer thus alter his phraseology ? why, but to blow dnst into the eyes of his reader! bf a cloud. of words ? Why does he say!' promise advantages, on the score of ittmSm'd-vol inlcrtstsf instead f or the- eeere ef

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