The Liberator from Boston, Massachusetts on September 11, 1863 · Page 3
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The Liberator from Boston, Massachusetts · Page 3

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SEPTEMBER 11. THE LI B BEAT O H 147 TJtfSOTIGED TBAITS IN EETORMERS. Orksoe, (Mass.,) Sept. 4, 18G3. M. WAtCCTT : Peak Sib It is not to"" that a writer has it "frco" to ask to have an article transferred from oe wiper to another, but I now address you to square- . a. It ............. a . . 1 ... . jr request yu " i"jsc gfi me louowmg hort pi taken from ,Me Trumjx-t and Freeman of August 29th, just past, inserted in the IJberator. Truly yours, L. Holmes. - REV. GEOKGK TItASK. BT RKT. LCCICS HOLMES. The" "wide world" is not usually acquainted with jore than one or two traits of living reformers. It did not know that Luther was genial, that Melancthon rU gentle, that Wilberforce was companionable. I fctrtUt my first sentence give, the "world" too much credit. It is very liable to liaTe distorted impressions of the whole character of the man or woman who contends against its errors. To the imagination of many, he or she is monstrous, or strange, or at least queer. By and by, it will be known that Garrison is a polished, dignified gentleman, and not an infidel; that rhillips is a deliberate speaker; that C. C. Burleigh is a grand logician, and S. S. Foster mighty in sr-P'4 to conscience, &c. It iapnly within a few joiiths that I have been accustomed to meet limita-riio clergymen and laymen, who had arrired at the Information that Univcrsalists actually hold to the Christian religion ! How must our denominational fathers have been regarded by the " many " ! The aboTc is a reflection that possesses our mind as we hold in our hand a set of tracts from the Anti- Tobacco Tract Depository, Fitchburg. "Many" hire heard, or heard of, Rev. George Trask. Well, tome think him blunt and lingular. . There may be feasible individuals who fancy him a little deranged. See Acts xxvi. 24. There are those who acknowledge he is doing good, bluntly or not. How many know be is esteemed a good citizen ; that he is a man of marvellous industry and perseverance, of enterprise, extraordinary intellectuaPpower, and felicitous wit! Take one of his tracts ; consider what it is to do, whom it is to reach, and if it be not fitted for its work. If any one doubts whether he has any power in a literary point, let him read some of his ' appeals." I would instance that one designed to persuade J. B. Gough to give his attention exclusively to the temperance cause. : But I will take space only to say a word or two more, and merely on the point of wit. Awhile since, I was away from home, and called to make efforts that somewhat tasked my mental powers. When the duty was accomplished, I bethought me what I should read to rest and divert my mind to act as an alterative, as II. W. Beech er has expressed it. I am so constituted, that though fond of some forms of mirthful-Bess, comic representations 6uch as we generally see, only disgust me. It occurred to me to take out of my valise the fresh looking, well printed publications Mr. Trask had given me on the cars, the day before. I first read in the Anti-Tobacco Journal for March and April, 1863, commencing with the " Campaign of -'63." I was amusetl, pleased, edified. I enjoyed the style the laconicism of laconics. I laughed heartily over what seemed to me genuine wit. The pictorial illustrations in this and other tracts came in for their share of admiration. I rested fast. To be ure, I . was not silly in my disposition to laugh. I tried reading to my intelligent host and interesting family, and we looked at the illustrations together. They were affected " in like manner," and some of them more than myself. Were not space in the Trumpet so precious, I would try to justify my impressions to the reader by quoting abundantly. We venture to predict that the " depository " will be"rumaged" hundreds of -years hence, when the great Anti-Tobacco victory shall have been consummated, by hungry literati and plodding antiquarians, who shall find " brilliants" where we customarily recognize only the ploughslfare of reform. Heaven bless Rev. George Trask, and multiply his friends ! ANTI0C3 COLLEGE. This institution has, from its very beginning, offer ed equal advantages of education to all who chose to come and be benefited by the instruction there given. ; It makes no distinctions of sex or color, but invites all to come and gain that knowledge which 'may make them useful members of society, and elevate their souls above all that is gross and worldly. Not only do the faculty and the regulations of the institution offer these advantages to all, but there is such a spirit of liberality prevailing among students and people, that all may enjoy these advantages without persecution. There is no institution East-or West where equal rights are so fully secured as at this. None ' where there is such devotion to liberal principles,, such earnest effort to promote the cause of liberty and human equality. The history of the financial affairs of this institution is well known ; at present, there is pressing need that something should be done to raise an endowment fund. Will the liberal people of this country allow this institution to die for want of funds? Practically this is the only institution in the land from which sectarianism is excluded, which makes no invidious distinction in regard to color, and which gives equal ad-vintages to men and women. Such an institution can do more for the upbuilding of the cause of human rights than all the lectures and conventions we have had for the past ten years; Can Anti-Slavery people and Woman's Rights people make a better use of their money than to endow this institution, with the full understanding that it is ever to- remain free to all that within its limits there is to be "neither Jew nor Greek, neither bond nor free, neither male nor female." It is time for some of the most liberal minds in the country to take this matter in hand. B. LATEST FROM CHARLESTON MORRIS ISLAND EVACUATED CUMMINGS POINT CAPTURED SUMMER STILL HOLDS OUT The Richmond Enquirer contains the following : Charleston, Sept. 7. Morris Island was cvacu-. ated yesterday afternoon. The enemy had advanced their sappers up to the moat of Wagner, and it being itnpostible to hold it, Beauregard ordered its evacuation, which took place at night. The enemy hold Cummings Point, in full view of the city. Heavy firing is now going on between our batteries on Sullivan's Island and Fort Moultrie and the Monitors. The Richmond Whig of the 8th has the following: Charleston, Sept. 7. The bombardment was kept up wiiho-jt intermUeion all day yesterday, and fer into the night. About loO of our men were killed Jid wounded at Wagner and Gregg. The attempt to assault Gregg was repulsed before the enemy had completed their landing. Great havoc is mpposed to have been made in th; enemy ' boats by our grape and canister. Before evacuating Forts Gregg and Wagner, we piked the gun, and withdrew noiselesly in forty rges. Only one large, containing twelve men, was captured. Ail quiet this morning. Charleston, Sept. 7, noon. A dispatch from Major Stephen Elliott, commanding at Fort Sumter, announces that a flag of truce demanding the surrender of that Kort has just been received from Admiral Dahl-Pn by Lieut. Brown, of the steamer Palmetto State, tien. Beauregard has telegraphed to Major Elliot to ply to Dahlgren that he can have Fort Sumter when he takes it, and that in the meantime such demands puerile and unbecoming. 8, P.M. At C o'clock. P. M. the Ironsides and Monitors approached Fort Sumter nearer than usual, d opened a hot fire against it. Our batteries on Sullivan's Island, including those of Fort Moultrie, replied heavily. The firing is stilt going on. . CilATANOOGA IN OUR POSSESSION f CucmBATi, Sent. 9. Gen. CritU-nden's division Of Uosecraiis' army took possession of Chattanooga to-J- The enemy evacuated yesterday, retreating South. COLONEL SHAW. The correspondent of the New Bedford llercurv wntinir from tho v;v t , V u ..a .i -urui regiment at atoms before't t"LTl manner just as w i!l a T WU,U'' or 1 ma" MT ending of it, 7 at 0n t,,e r0uml bcfore the wsault, his hXl was more unbending than I had ever noticed oorore In the presence of his men ; he sat on the ground - . . to ,he n,en TerT familiarly and kindly ; he told them how the eyes of thousands would look upon the night's work they were about to enter on : anil he said. " N'nw hn-, t .., lie would walk along the line, and speak words of w W UIVIU We could see that he was a man who had counted the cost of the undertaking, before him, for his words were spoken so ominously, his lips were compressed, and now and then there was visible a slight twitching Of the cornri nf lU mnmi. i . - --- wiic ucui uij iLTurn- pushing or dying. One poor fellow, struck no doubt ny me Colonel 8 determined bearing, exclaimed as he was passing- him, " Colonel, I will stay by yon till I die, and he kept his word ; he has never been seen unee. For one so young, Col. Shaw showed a well-trained mind, and an ability of governing men not possessed by many older or more experienced men. In him the regiment has lost one of its best and most devoted friends. STEAM RAMS "FOR THE REBELS. The Daily News of the 26th publishes the following memorial, which was sent from the Committee of the Emancipation Society to Earl Russell on the 25th, and the Daily News editorially calls upon the government for prompt interference in the matter : " To thk Rt. now. Earl. Russell. &c, &c. : The Memorial of the Executive Committee of the Emancipation Society humbly showeth : That your memorialists desire to call yonr lordship's attention to a subject of very grave and pressing importance. Your memorialists have learned that certain persons, regardless of the proceedings already taken by her Majesty's government to stop such practices, have equipped vessels of a very formidable kind which are about to sail from England to make war upon a nation with which this country is at peace, and a people very nearly allied to us by ties of friendship and commerce. In particular, your memorialists are informed, and earnestly call upon your lordship to make immediate investigation into the fact, that two powerful iron-plated steam rams which for some time have been in preparation in the Mersey by the builders of the Alabama, are now almost ready for sea ; that the vessels are equipped and armed with steel prows and turrets, and are intended for the purpose of committing hostilities against the government and people of the United States of America. One, it is believed, will sail on or about the 27th of this present month of August, and it is to be received by the Confederate war vessel "Florida," now hovering off the British coast for the purpose. Another iron-plated war vessel, destined for the same service, is approaching completion in the Clyde. In view of what her Majesty's government has already done in the case of the suspected gunboat "Alexandra," and of a statement by your lordship that you believed the Foreign Enlistment Act sufficient to stop these dangerous practices, your memorialists cannot doubt that the law will be enforced against the persons and vessels concerned, in a spirit of loyalty and good faith to an allied nation struggling for constitutional freedom and emancipation against a rebellion of slaveholders. May it, therefore, please your lordship "to order prompt investigation into the circumstances above detailed, and if necessary for this purpose, to stop, in the mean time, the departure of the war vessel which is ready to sail, and to apply the law with vigor to prevent hostile acts against a friendly power contending for human freedom. And your petitioners will ever pray. W. EVANS, Chairman. P. A. Taylor, j T . . W. T. Mallehox, Jo,nt Treas- F. W. Chesson, Hon. Secretary. RESPONSE OF PRESIDENT LINCOLN TO THE MANCHESTER ADDRESS. The following communication has been received by Mr. Thomas B. Potter, of Manchester, in reply to the letter addressed to the President of the United States, enclosing the address and other documents adopted by the Anti-Slavery Conference held in Manchester on the 3d of June last : "Department of State, I Washington, July 25, 1863. J Sir : I have had the honor to receive from the Rev, Dr. Massie and the Rev. Dr. Rylance your address in the name of a large public meeting which was recently held at Free Trade Hall, in Manchester, to the President of the United States, together with papers which constitute the accompaniments of that communication. These papers have been submitted to the President of the United States, and I am charged by him to inform you that he has read them with the most lively satisfaction, and with a profound sense of the obligation which the reverend religious pastors in France and the reverend religious pastors in Great Britain have laid upon the world by their correspondence with each other, and their common address to the Christian ministers and pastors throughout the United States. Tho proceedings of the meeting at Free Trade Hall, and its address to the President, touchingly and admirably harmonize with the sentiments which pervade the correspondence before mentioned. The parties in these proceedings will readily understand that the attempted revolution in the United States sensibly affects this Government, and American society itself, in many ways which it has not fallen within the province of those parties to examine. While the interests thus naturally, and not improperly, overlooked in Europe furnish the strongest possible motives to the people of the United .States for suppressing the insurrection and maintaining the constitutional government received at the hands of their fathers, the President readily accepts and avows, as an additional and irresistible motive, the suggestion made by the friends of our country in Europe, that the success of the insurrection would result in the establishment, for the first time in the history of the human race, of a State based upon the exclusive foundation of African slavery. I have the honor to be, sir, Your very obedient servant, William H. Seward. Thomas Bayley Totter, Esq., Manchester, England." The Democratic State Convention at Worcester. The State Convention of the remains of the late Democratic party was attended at Worcester on Thursday of last week by 1,500 delegates, representing 267 towns. The following nominations were made : For Governor Henry W. Paine of Cambridge ; Lieutenant Governor Thomas F. Plnnkett of Pittsfield ; Secretary of State Frederick O. Prince of Winchester ; Treasurer Nathan Clark of Lynn ; Attorney General Theodore II. Sweetser of Lowell; Auditor Moses Bates of Plymouth. The Convention was not enthusiastic, except when the names of General McClellan and Horatio Seymour were mentioned ; and it was noticeable that the former was applauded not as a successful soldier, but because he was " a martyr to the tyranny of. the Administration." Not one of the principal speakers expressed any desire that the war should be carried on, and their only references to it were lamentations over what it had already cost, for nothing was said of the victories we have gained, or the prospect that it would Boon come to a successful termination. Shelling Charleston. The Charleston papers say that when General Gillmore shelled that place, twelve 8-inch shell fell into the city, thirteen in all having been fired. Several of the shells flew in the direction of St. Michael's steeple, and fell either in the vacant lots in the burnt district, on King street, or more generally struck in the centre of the streets. At the corner of Queen and Rutledge streets, an 8 inch shell tore up the plank road, and dug a large hole in the ground. Another entered the warehouse, corner of Ilayne and Church streets ; it entered the roof and exploded in the upper story, making a large opening in the brick wall of the Medical Purveyor's storehouse, next door, scattering things in great confusion. Sorrte loose straw or packing was set on fire by the explosion, but was extinguished with little effort. At the great Union meeting at Springfield III., the following resolution was adopted : Resolved, That the Emancipation Proclamotion of the President is, in the opinion of this meeting, both legal and constitutonal and cannot be either rescinded or withdrawn, nor can the slaves emancipated by it be again reduced to slavery. We had an excellent Anti-Slavery lecture at the JW-iUt vestry. Thursday evening, by Aaron M. Powell, of Ghent, New York. It reflects little credit upon tho intelligence and patriotism of our citizens, however, to be obliged to say that but eighteen persons were present to listen to it, two of whom came five miles to attend the meeting. If a ball had beeji announced in the place instead, or a "Jim Crow exhibition, who does not know that it would have been well attended 1lftfannis Messewjer. White Orriccas or Black Regiments. The Washiugton IUpuUican says : " The rebel authorities have expressed a willingness to exchange all prisoners except the white officers of black regiments. They would not condescend to entertain such an insulting proposition." - . THE COPPERHEADS AND THE LATE INVASION OF THE NORTH. New York, 4th. The Timet of this morning prints the following statement: Having just returned from the city of Richmond, Va., where I have been over one year, I wish you would give the following publication : I have, during my stay in Richmond, made the intimate acquaintance of J. Lane, a Captain in the Confederate army, son of Gen. Joe Lane, of Oregon, who is well-informed, and who assured me that the late invasion of the North by Generals Lee and Morgan were made upon the earnest and undoubted representations of that " true Southern man," Vallandigham, who assured President Jeff. Davis and his Cabinet, that the North was ripe for a revolution, and only awaited the appearance of the Southern army to proclaim for Jeff. Davis, and forsake Lincoln. Mr. Vallandigham 'a representations were corroborated by the tone of the majority of the Northern journals, who surely would not denounce the Administration so boldly, except by the assurance of having the masses strongly in their favor. I have sent a copy of this note to the Cincinnati Enquirer. Respectfully yours, (Signed) Henbt Reixibh. E2T" The rebel conscription in Mississippi is," by taking away all the able-bodied whito men, creating a spirit of insubordination among the slaves. A New Orleans letter to the St. Louis Democrat says : " In the great trazedy of war. it is now evident that Jeff. Davis is cast for the part of Brutus, and will die upon his own sworn. Uis sweeping conscription, instead of strengthening his cause, is filling his people with the most terrible apprehensions. Private advices from the interior of Mississippi, which seem to be entirely trustworthy, indicate a reign of terror there, through a vast part of the State, in consequence of the insubordination of the negroes. The merciless conscription of the rebel government has taken away all the able-bodied white men, young and old, and left the women and children to the protection of the negroes. How strange it is that husbands should leave their families to be protected by their' property I This property, with the galling wrongs of generations upon its head, at last sees an opportunity of realizing its fondest dreams of freedom a subject on which it has only been allowed to dream. In short, the blacks are at last the master they are in such a majority, they can rule without fear of consequences. They refuse to work ; spend their time in idleness and lawless pursuits, and the .whites are fleeing to Georgia, taking with them such goods as they can carry, and such ne groes as will go with them. How true it is that curses still come home to roost 1" Edward Everett on Emancipation. Mr. Ed ward Everett, in a letter to Rev. Dr. Elliot, of St. Louis, in relation to a sermon on the ordinance of Emancipation passed by the Missouri Convention, remarks : , " I have myself no doubt that, like the apprentice ship system in the British colonies, tho. ordinance will, at the instance of the slaveholders themselves; long before 1870, give way to another of immediate emancipation. But whether it does or not, Missouri is. from this time torward, substantially a tree State, and will, I doubt not, enter upon that career of pros perity for which her magnificent position and unsur- passing resources so admirably fit her. " When 1 loot bacK to tne controversy wnicn grew out of the attempted restriction on the admission of Missouri into the Union in 1820, and on the folly which dictated the repeal of the Missouri Compromise in 1854, and then consider that the people of Missouri, assembled in convention in 18G3, have decreed that after 1870 all slaves then in Missouri shall be free, I am awe-struck with the visible tokens of an overruling and an interposing Providence." Clnnn Tit.ir. din. Tiosspnii a Kentuckian bv birth, and a pro-slavery man by education, recently - -B-k. 1 I t .1 made a speecn in X'iiuaaeipiiia, in wnicn ne expressed his creed in a few words, as follows : " The slaves had been the means of furnishing sus tenance, strength, and provisions to the rebel armies, and wherever the strength of the rebels is found, it is to be hit in the head. As to equality, there is no ne cessity to discuss that. It makes a negro a white man's equal to free him. It does not make a mule a copperhead's equal because he lets him out of the stable. The speaker did not come to fight with ne groes, but, if placed where they could whip the rebels, he deemed them quite as good as secessionists' or copperheads, either." AT T..TBKATMENT. Mr. Weslev Hum phrey, a surgeon of the army at Corinth, Mississippi, in a published communication in relation to the mal- X . a . - I 1 1 1 1 treatment ana aouse to wnicn tne coiorcu .e been subjected, says : "Thoratvwii aplortpil fla the surgeon of the reiri- ment of African descent, now forming here, (not all . a i a. ! 1 J black by any means,; ana during me past wee nau flhont 70(1 men in a nude state. npanirainrv tnvo.rir miintprpd into the United States jt. 2Sr J O . service; and I then saw evidences of abuse and mal treatment perfectly homtying to relate, that must De seen to fully understand the abuse to which they have si,k;oI T fliinlr T am f in aavinf that at . 1 J DHVJV1.1VU A .....- J o least one-half of that number bore evidence ot having been severely wnippea anu mm-ireaieu hi twium ways; some were stabbed with a knife, others shot through the limbs, some pounded with clubs until their limbs were broken." A Si ivc PinrniiE!, TTlS Own MASTER. AmOntT tli insMrlonta nf tho firrht wnrttlV of note WAS tile capture of a rebel soldier, by a darkey, who was his . rry rw- . 1. . ; master three montns ago. l ne xexan was caugm m a tight place by one of Col. Leib's men, who cried out to him, " Hold on, dar, and put down your gun, or I'll shoot." The rebel surrendered unconditionally, but after identifying his captor, said to one of our officers . .. . . .1 . t . that he protested against neing neiu as a prisoner oy I.;- nn alavu " Tt'it troml cnnuL'li for vou " said the officer; "that's just the man to guard you. And Jim. (addressing himself to the Boldier,) if he don't . 1 . . ... i ii m i i - I behave htmselt, snoot mm aown. xue cmvairous Southerner was very indignant, and his wrath effer- vesceu in a series ot " U namns, wnicn ieu upon k ooi. nf tha in tolliirpn t nnntrahand " without fK Tim iliisVv warrior kent a close eve UDOn his prisoner, but refused to hold any conversation with him, or answer any oi nis questions as to wnen ne enlisted, or how he dared to level a gun at his master. " Emancipation Progressing. It is such a common occurrence for the slaves of rebels to run away from their masters in this county, that we have considered it of too little importance to even notice in our columns. But a stampede took place about two weeks ago, that we cannot forbear mentioning. Two of the most valuable negro men, belonging to E. K. Sayre, the rebel delegate from this county to the State Convention, ran away from him, each one taking with him a fine mule. Poor Mr. Sayre, he has our deepest sympathies in his sad " bereavements " and may he bear up under it like a man I Don't cry, Mr. Sayre, it will all come out right a hundred years hence. You believe in gradual emancipation, Mr. Sayre, but it appears you have little influence over your darkies some of them at least go in for immediate emancipation without compensation, but with transportation. Do you see it, Mr. Sayre? The Copperheads in the last Congress. One of our exchanges says that, out of one hundred and fifty votes cast in the House of Representatives on the bill for paying the soldiers in the field, the following were the only nays : Clement L. Vallandigham, of Ohio, now candidate for Governor of Ohio ; Benjamin Wood, of New York, reelected Representative to Congress ; II. C. Burnett, of Kentucky, expelled from the House of Representatives for treason, now in the rebel army ; Elijah II. Norton, of Missouri, who ran from his home, and is now in the rebel army; John W. Reid, of Missouri, expelled from the House of Representatives for treason, and now, or lately, in the rebel army. f-Jf Emancipation in Russia proceeds peacefully and successfully, in spite of all opposition. Schools are opened everywhere for the children of the peasants, and Russia will soon have an educated population. A correspondent of the British and Foreign Anti-Slavery Society writes from Moscow: "I have seen frequently the leaders of the serf emancipation movement, both in Moscow and St- Petersburg, as well as in the interior. I visited the estates of Prince Cherkessy, one hundred miles south of Moscow, in the Government of Tolc, and I was delighted with all I saw and hoard. It shows, without any doubt, that a great and pacific revolution has been accomplished in Russia, the effects of which are calculated to be of great utility to the cause of the peasantry throughout the world." We notice that all the copperhead papers have told us that Vallandigham has lett the hotel where be has been boarding, and gone elsewhere ; just as though the rascal's whereabouts, if restrained from deviltry, was of any consequence ! But the Toledo Blade says that the " circumstances " which the landlord of the Canada hotel assigned for sending Vallandigham away were "that since he had been there, he bad driven away the custom of all Americans of any standing ; that those who came to see him were 'roughs' and rowdies, who injured the reputation of his house by their drunkenness and rowdyism." QfANTBEI-t AND THE ILLINOIS " DEMOCRATS." A correspondent of the St. Louis Democrat says : " Quantrell, the Kansas assassin, was in Springfield, Illinois, on the 17th of June last, at the great Democratic mass meeting, and was also closeted with some nf the leading Democrats of the State on that day. iie iuuy approved Mngleton s twenty-third resolution, which was submitted to him before it passed the meeting." The resolution here referred to was one of the most infamous adopted by the Convention. taf"Thebodr of General Collamore, one of the victims of the late atrocious massacre at Lawrence, Kansas, reached Boston on Wednesday, 2d inst-, and was buried with military honors on Thursday. The ser vices were held in Dr. Gannett'a church, and were of an unusually impressive character. A detachment of the Independent Cadets performed escort duty, and the remains were conveyed to Mount Auburn'for interment. - At the church were present the widow of Gen. Collamore, with his children and other relatives ; also Uis Excellency Governor Andrew, with several members of his military staff; Surgeon General Dale, and several of the Council. St. Louis, Sept 6. Five gentlemen, composing the Relief Committee of Lawrence, make the statement that the despatch recently sent from Kansas City to the Associated Press, asserting that a large amount of goods and money, and a number of horses taken by Quantrell, had been recovered and returned, is unfounded. Of the horses stolen, only three have been returned, and the value of the merchandise recovered will not exceed 100. The list of victims at Lawrence, as it now stands, foots up 137 killed, 22 wounded, and three missing. It is thought the killed will reach as high as 150. A number of bodies were completely burned up. Leavenworth, Aug. 29. In behalf of the suffer ers by the Lawrence massacre, we make this statement and appeal. The loss of life already reported by the press is substantially correct. The loss of property exceeds a million and a half. Hundreds are homeless and destitute. The business portion of the city is entirely destroyed, together with nearly a hundred dwellings. Leavenworth and the neighboring cities have already contributed largely, but much assistance is yet needed. Aid can be sent to Peter T. Ridenour, Chairman Relief Committee, Lawrence, Kansas. (Signed) A. C. Wilder, M. J. Parrott, Nelson McCracken, II. J. Adams, y ' Leavenworth Committee. Bion Bradbury said in the House ot Repre sentatives, on the lzth or March, liibz, "1 will go. further, and say that if this rebellion be not speedily crushed, if the conspirators against the Government obstinately protract this war,' if, as our armies move south' ward. MILITARY NECESSITY strikes the fetters from the bondmen, it will occasion me no regret." In 1863, only one year, liradbury has turned his coat, and regrets considerably, if not more.-Maine State Press. " CSy- A gentleman who was present at the" Demo cratic Convention held at Alfred a short time since, says, in a communication to Zion's Herald, " It was really interesting to see -and smell the spirit manifested on that occasion. one spirited old man declared that "every d 1 minister should be hung," said " he had twenty pounds of lead, three horns of pow der, ten guns and a plenty of caps all ready." There were four speakers, Messrs. Sweat, Hells, Wiggin and one other. Not a word was uttered against Jeff. Davis or secession, but Abe Lincoln, women, minis ters, niggers and black Republicans had to take it pretty fully and foully. Mr. Wiggin said, " I counsel resist ance to the conscript act and administration to the bit ter oeath, till the last drop of blood is spilt, and then tried to dodge by saying, "at the ballot box." -Press. Death of John B. Floyd. The Richmond Dis patch announces the death of the rebel General John AJ. A'luyu, ah AUtiiKuvui v a. uc n uiv uiuot vuivuo i oi re dc is octore tnere was any rcDeuion, ana tne .pasf-i he has played since the birth of the Confederacy has done little to redeem his public character. One by one the chief originators and props of the rebellion are passing away. Death of Luther Bradish. lion. Luther B rad ish, formerly Lieutenant Governor of R. I., died at Newport on Sunday morning, 30th ult. His age was eighty years. A strange and melancholy coincidence has been noted in the family of McCook in their connec tion with the war. His. .youngest son Charles wa killed at the first battle of Bull Run, on the 21st day of July, 1861; his son. Colonel Robert McCook,- was killed on the 21st day of July, lSuZ; and the lather himself was killed on the 2 1st day of J uly, 1863. Hon. Greene C. Bronson died at Saratoga the 2d Greene C. Bronson died at Saratoga the inst. The celebrated Rev. Dr. Raffles, of Liverpool, is dead. Anti-Slavery Newspapers in the South. An ti-slavery newspapers are now published in Middle Tennessee, South Carolina, and Louisiana. Another is to be immediately started in Mississippi. Mr. Montgomery, who, for months past, has been an exile from his home, announces his intention to commence the publication of a paper in Vicksburg, to be called the " Vicksburg Union, the object ot which will be to ad vocate free labor in the South, and the uprooting o: slavery. Success to all such enterprises ! fc3 On Saturday last, while the 3d Indiana cavalry were engaged in a skirmish, Major Clure seeing a hale looking eldish gentleman in a door by the roadside, halted and enquired : " Which way did the rebel cavalry go that passed here a moment since 1 ' " Sir," was the reply, " I am under parole to the Confederate Government to tell nothing I see. But, sir, ray name is John Minor Botts, as devoted a Union man as the world can find. I put no ifs or ' buts ' in the case. KlfMr. Vallandigham's organ seems to be the LojKtanJTimes. That journal has come out for him strongly as a representative of the principles of constitutional liberty. The people of Ohio will be somewhat puzzled to understand the qualifications to rule over them of a candidate whose residence is in Canada, and whoso official journal is in London. . . . A new kind of cotton hasleen found in Cuba, growing on a vine. It is not very fine, but white and strong, and it is thought will thrive where other kinds will not flourish. A concession has been granted by the Russian Government to some English houses for a railway from Moscow to the Crimea. The work will extend over several years, and the total capital will be above .20,-000.000. their position exactly : " Freedom of speech for trea- i u 1 1: i . e .1 r i- - - . slavery." , J ZW The Richmond Dispatch wants the Charleston warehouses filled up with Yankee prisoners of war, so that they may be slaughtered when Gen. Gillmore shells the city, in retaliation for daring to bombard Charleston. Governor Buckingham, of Connecticut, has written a letter stating that the colored conscripts from that State are being transferred to the colored battalion now forming in New York, and also that he should like to have one or more companies of volunteers formed to join the battalion. Thaddeus Stevens a . very good authority is of the opinion that the payment of $300 by a drafted man is precisely the same as furnishing a substitute it clears the payer for the entire term of three years, and during that term be cannot be again liable to draft. . dp Theodore Tilton, Editor of the New York Independent, ia drawn as a conscript in Brooklyn. The notorious C. Edwards Lester, author of " Glory and Shame of England, who was arrested the other day for traitorous conduct, has been discharged as innocent of anything, except "laboring under a temporary absence of mind not uncommon among frequenters of the Washington hotels." Gen. Burnside has actually interrupted the line by which the rebels have hitherto drawn their supplies from the Southwest. His occupation of Kingston, East Tennessee, cuts off from Richmond all the Southwest, except by a circuitous and tedious route along the sea-coast. Gen. Fremont, it is stated, has succeeded in adjusting all the difficulties heretofore surrounding the Mariposa grant, and has settled all his California business, which leaves him over a million and a half dollars' worth of property. Surgeons of colored regiments receive the same rank and pay as surgeons of white regiments. They have to pass the same examination by the same board, and no men are commissioned in anyway inferior to like officers of white regiments. Applications are made to surgeon General Hammond. Fred. Law Olmstead, formerly of Hartford, and late Secretary of the Sanitary Commission, has been ap pointed superintendent of the Mariposa Mining Company, of California, at a salary of ten thousand dollars a year. 3T Gen. Meade thinks the war will soon be at an end, if the ranks of the army are speedily filled. Ilia language ia " Send us our men, and immediately." All copperheads will pleaso take notice. SPEECHES OF WENDELL THILLIPS f7 WW Speeches, Lectures and Letters. Boston : James lied path. By Wendell Among the books long promised, there has been no one more inquired after than the Speeches of Wendell Phillips. The circumstances which delayed their publication are of little consequence now ; the fact is all, for that seems providential. Had these powerful and peculiar utterances appeared in any former period, they would have found fit audience and full admiration in a circle of disciples, and among a class of sympathizers ; but they would not have spread widely among the people. Nothing less than the Slaveholders' Rebellion could prepare the way for their national reception. That the war lias given such rapid and irresistible instruction, one has but to compare our present political policy with this clear thinker's grand ideals. Only a very short time ago, Mr. Phillips was held, by the stump-orator class and their multitudinous followers, to have wholly impracticable opinions ; now they are adopted in presidential proclamations, and are organizing victory. Though few heeded his daring and enduring denunciations of the great sin of the age, while the mere appearance of peace was possible, yet when the South arose in arms against Liberty, men remembered more and more kindly his devotion to the cause of freedom, and now he is widely and enthusiastically recognized as the prophetwof the time. lie prophesied long to a disbelieving, and even a deriding generation ; but the time has at length come when the doubters as well as the scoffers of the truths which he promulgated are getting to be regarded as traitors. This shows a marvellous revolution in political sentiment, and it is one that will not go backward. In fine, the government is advancing and advancing because it has ventured to follow the directions of this imperial reformer. Such is the high -position which Mr. Phillips now holds in the councils of the country. Although these speeches are unrivalled in aptness and affluence of illustration, and in epithets that burn deeper and mark more ignorainiously than a branding iron, it is their forming and guiding influ ence which gives them that immortal beauty wnicn will yet call forth the admiration and gratitude which become a nation purified and preaeuad through a, remendous and ternbl e publishing art, this volume is admirable. The engraving which fronts the title- page gives the features of the author in their forced repose ; for the glance of friendship, or the grace and glow of thMSPneat orntor.wa.twi it 1U hitinory a vivid I hi i i f l milium! k HlMli . The author of this volume has acquired a very high reputation as an orator. " His speeches and lecturer have -been listened to by multitudes with pleasure, ' whether they have always agreed with his views or not. . Many have felt and expressed a strong desire to have them in a permanent form, that they might read and have them for reference. But during the many years he has been before the public, this desire has never been gratified till now. The fitai apeecirnTaelivered that created a sensation was in Faneuil Hall, in 1837, on the murder of Lovejoy ; on which occasion the venerated Dr. Channing, and George S. Hillard, Esq., gave elo--quent addresses, in support of resolutions in condemnation of that outrage. This speech of Mr. Phillips is very appropriately the first in the volume, and seems to be peculiarly fresh, and cannot but be read with peculiar interest by true American patriots in these times. We here give the concluding passage : " I am glad, Sir, to see this crowded house. It is good for us to be here. When Liberty is in danger Faneuil Hall has the right.Mt is her duty, to strike the key-note for these United 'States. I am glad, for one reason, that remarks suchvas those to which I have alluded have been uttered here. The passage of these resolutions, in spite of this Opposition, led by the Attorney General of the Commonwealth, will show more clearly, more decisively, the deep indignation with which Boston regards this outrage." NfTTHn one has said that eloquence never can be wrirtcn ritten. There is truth in this remark ; but we think that this volume comes as near as any we have seen, of being an exception. The speeches here are not of artistic construction, and the author probably bad not the slightest expectation, when he uttered them, that they would ever 'be given to the public in a permanent form. But we thiuk the best judges will acknowledge, that they are eminently adapted to the eye, and . must take their place in the permanent lili i ill 1 1 1 1 ur Ihal I limn to which they belong, of which mericans havlT'wmuch reason to be proud.- Lambridge Chronicle. We understand that Drake Brothers are noi w readV Wendell to furnish the "Lectures and Speeches of Phillips." They are the sole agents of this work for Kansas. . We advise those who desire to have a correct understanding of the great questions ot Freedom and Slavery, to purchase this book. We have been a reader of the speeches of Phillips for near twenty years past, and at times we thought him most too radical in his views, but the events of the past few years have proved that it was only the most radical men who had any just conception of the nature of that institution, which has sought the life of our nation, and astonished the world by its atrocities. Ibis book is tilled with the grandest thoughts that ever occupied the human mind, dressed in a style unsurpassed, if equalled, either tin elegance or force, by any orator of this or any previous age ; and what renders it of peculiar interest to every progressive mind is, those thoughts are the living, burning truths for which God is preparing the hearts of men, through the instrumentality of fire and sword. The price of the book is S2.25. We intend to send for the book immediately, and will send for any one who desires it. Manhattan I Kansas) Independent. hope soon to notice more at length the hand some volume containing the speeches ana writings of Mr. Wendell Phillips, together with that remarkable movement in the public mind of which they are perhaps the finest representative. As literature, they are by general acknowledgment the very best exam ples we have of forensic oratory, in thought clear as crystal, keen and ready in wit, in style polished to the last perfection that belongs to compositions ot this class. As historic documents, they are the living record of some of the most marked phases in public events and in the temper of the popular mind, for a period ranging over five and twenty years. But their interest in either regard is subordinate to their unique and peculiar value, as examples of the highest order of moral truth, and the intensest moral conviction, brought to bear, with courage perfectly unflinching, and absolute consistency of aim, upon the discussion of the most momentous, disputed, and difficult questions at the bar of the general, conscience. Nothing less than a consciousness of perfect fidelity to such an aim would excuse the tone of severity and the keenness of personal attack painfully frequent in these pages; or that temper approaching to bitterness and scorn, in which men and things are dealt with that vary at all from the strict line of right as conceived by Mr. Phillips. Personally, he is as we know, in the highest degree courteous and magnanimous to a sincere opponent. And the asperity ot tone that fills many of these " Cassandra prophesyings " (as they ara called), with the trying position into which it brings the utterer of them towards large portions of the community, we have regarded rather in the light of a sacrifice exacted by a certain scrupulous severity of conscience, than as the trick of a debater, or the morose habit of a self-appointed critic. When the personal acerbities and resentments shall have been softened down by time, we are sure that no record of this period of controversy will be reckoned more honorable, or more highly prized. Christian Examiner for September. RECRUITING IN THE SOUTH. Within the lines of our armies are many thousands of colored men, healthy, strong, and unemployed. - Beyond our lines, but within our reach, are a hundred thousand more, who unwillingly labor for 'the support of the rebellion. The Government is prepared to arm these men, and to place them where they can do much for themselves and for us. But the system of recruiting for the regular army was adopted for a small force, and, when unaided by the State, it U alow. The deficiencies of this servioe it is proposed to remedy by agencies established by the contributions of patriotic citizens. These agencies will be solely for co-operation with the government for the more rapid advancement of the recruiting service ; for obtaining mcclimated men for the increase of the army by the use of such means as will induce them to offer themselves to the Government. , The Committee will undertake nothing which is not sanctioned by the Commanders of Departmenta, by the laws of citU-ized warfare, and by the laws of the land. The undersigned hare been appointed by a larger Cora mittee to solicit subscriptions for this object, and they re quest that those who will take part in forwarding it should send their contributions to Mr. Rjcha.ro P. ILli.lowbxl, Treasurer, No. 98 Federal street, Boston. '. " ' i , J. M. FORBES, A. A. LAWRENCE, S. G. WARD, MARTIN BRIMMER, TU0MAS RUSSELL, J. H. STEPHENSON, .Executive Committee. LE BARON RUSSELL, J Boston, Sept. 7, 1863. ' NEW EXQLAND t FEMALE MEDICAL O0L- (JE. The Sixteenth Annual Term will commend on Wednesday, Nov. 4, and continue seventeen weeks. Lec ture fees, $55. .' Aid will be afforded to a limited Bomber of students needing it. ,. Any person or persons paying to tha College $100 can send a student free of tuition throagb. Its course of education. Address or apply to the subscriber, at the College, No. 10 East Canton street, Boston. St. SAMUEL, GREGORY, M. D.f StSy. MERCY B. JACKSON. M. D.. has removed to 61 Dover street. Particular attention nald to Diseases of Women and Children. J?trrc. Latter Clark, M. D. ; David Thayer, M. D Office hours from 2 to 4, P. M. t-TTIE FIFTII " COMMENCEMENT of the Nor mal Institute for Physical Education will be eelebrated at Tremoot Temple, on the evening of Monday, Sept. 14, 1S63, beginning at pr tritely 7 1-1 o clock. The Class of Graduate will be snaeb larger than qa any previous occasion, numbering more than Forty Ladies and Gentlemen, and representing nearly every one of the Free States. -;.,-' OtDKI or Kxxacisa. I. Free Gymnastics. II. Exercises with the Wand. '' ' III. Mutual Help Exercises. IV. Seriee of New Feata with the light Dumb Bella. V. Exercises with the Gymnastie Ring. YI. Presentation of Diplomas. - Dr. Dio Lewis, the Principal f the Institute, will eon-duct the exercises. ... . .. . The Gymnastio Exercises will be executed by the ladies and gentlemen of the Graduating Class in fall gymnastio costume. r : One lady and three gentlemen members of the Grada-ating Class will deliver addresses, each of Ave mis a tea. Gov. Axnasw will preside ; and the muiie vooal by f the Gass, and Instrumental by the Pianist of the IastU tate will be good. An admission fee of 25 cents will be charged, for the benefit of the Sanitary Commission. This is done, la pswej taajpid, if possible, the an manageable crowd of the last " Commencement," and, la addition, to contribute something to a most deserving charity. 17 TOE HUTCHINSON FAMILY (John's and Asa's) will give a series of spirit-stirring Concerts at the Meionsv-on, in Boston commencing on Monday evening next, Sept. 14th, and continuing through the week. In additioa to their inimitable vocal powers, they deserve crowded houses for the invaluable services they have so long and so hero ically rendered the cause of Liberty and Right. Ed. Lib. WM. LLOYD GARRISON will deliver aa address on the state of the country, in the Unitarian Church, at Nkpoxskt, on Sunday next, at 3 o'clock, P. M. .. " f3T AARON M. POWELL will speak at Dennis, (Mass.) , Friday, Sept. )1. Yarmouth, : Sunday, - 1. DIED, " On the 6th of August, of congestion of the brain, at the residence of his father-in-law, Thomas llambleton, Eli as Weaver, aged 32 years, lVofessor of Natural Science in the Stale Normal School at Millersville, Pa. Our beloved friend, so early and suddenly removed from our midst,,waa a native of Lancaster Co., Pa. In early youth, his thirst for knowledge, and unusual progress ia study, indicated the possession of talents of no ordinary character. In 1855, he became a teacher in the Normal School at Millersvillo, whioh position he occupied till the time of his death. During sdl this time, he was a close student, and, as a teacher, was known to the many hundreds of pupils who have been under bis Instruction, as well as the large circle of friends who witnessed his labors, aa faithful and devoted to his trust. Uis early death has left a blank that will not soon be filled.- Alter the battle of Getty sburg, he, with others from the vioinity of Lancaster, was early on the field, where (a friend writes) " he labored constantly, day and night, to relieve the suffering that surrounded him. , So one could be more assiduous in the good work, with no thought for him-self." The exposure there endured induced the fever that terminated his life. Although quite ill, so great was his desire to relieve the suffering, that be intended starting for York with further supplies on the 30th of July j but that morning found him unable to rise, and that day one week he was numbered ;with the dead. Bis large and active brain caused him, even in the delirium of fever, to talk much on moral and scientific subjects. II was conscious of the progress of the disease, and aware of the result. Be has left a wife and ehild, aged parents, sisters, and a large circle of relatives and friends, deeply to mourn his early death. Those who knew him know how truly good be was. His sympathies were enlisted in every cause that would lead to the advancement of the human raoe, whether in breaking the bonds of the oppressed, or in raising the ignorant, degraded and erring to a higher life. ' Thus gov erned in all his actions by what he believed to be right, he led the life of a true Christian; and we are consoled by the belief, that though be has left bis earthly home amid such trials and tribulations in the land, he !s in communion with the angels, and enjoying the higher life of spirits made perfect. , E. H. BEYOND THE LINES; , .... A YANKEE PRISONER LOOSE IN DIXIE. A New Book of Thrilling Interest. BT BET. CAFT. J. J. CXXR, Formerly Pastor of George Street M. S. Church, Cincinnati, and late Assistant Adjutant General on the Staff of Gen. Buckland. With an Introduction by Rev. Alexander Clark, Editor of the School ; Visitor. THIS is one of the most thrilling accounts of adventure and suffering that the war has produced. Caps. Gxea was wounded and captured at the great battle of Shiloh ; tried before several prominent Rebel Generals for his life, among whom were Uardee, Bragg, and Beauregard ; incarcerated in four jails, four penitentiaries, and twelve military prisons ; escaped from Maeoa, (Georgia,) and travelled barefoot through swamps aad woods, by night, 250 miles ; was fed by negroes in part, and subsisted for days at a time on frogs, roots and berries, and was at last recaptured when within thirty-fire miles of our gunboats on the Southern eoast. . - The particulars of his subsequent sufferings as a chained culprit are told with a graphic truthfulness that surpasses any fiction. - ' , The 'work contains a fine steel portrait of the author, besides numerous wood engravings illatrative of striking incident of his experience among . the rebels. Every Unionist every lover of his country every man, woman and child should read this Book of FmeU they mcttuUty occurred. . The author has not only suooeeded ia making a narrative of exciting interest, but has ingeniously interwoven in the book many original and eloquent arguments in favor of a vigorous prosecution of the . war against Rebellion and Oppression. ... ...... Just published on fine white paper, and handsomely bound in cloth. 285 pages. - Agents wanted in every oounty and township in "the Union, to whom extraordinary inducements will be offered. Specimen copies will be sent to any person for $1, post paid, with particulars to Agents. Moncss or the press. , No narrative of personal adventure which has been published since the war begun, equals this in interest. The account he gives of the treatment of himself and his fellow-prisoners exceeds anything we have heretofore read. Philadelphia Evening Bulletin. The Captain's graphic account of affairs fas the South, during his long captivity there, will be read with great interest. The Introduction is by Rev. Alexander Clark, which is sufficient in itself to warrant a large sale. Philadelphia Daily Inquirer. Address all orders to J. W. DAUGHADAY, PmbliMkar, 1308, Chestnut street, Philadelphia. Sept 11 It - English and Classical School. THE next term will begin Wednesday, Sept. 2, 1863. For particulars, address - NATHANIEL T. ALLEN, July 31. ? v.- West Newton, Jlass. TIE UNAVAILING CRY ; A Sersoe for all. Times By Rev. Alexander Clark, Editor of Clark's School Visitor." Just published prioe 10 eents, poet-paid. Address W. 8. A ALFRED MARTIEN. Publir. Sept. 4. 606, Chestnut street, Philadelphia. Hi!!, 111! m It- - ; ! iS . i n 1 1 Hi w i 5 n i :U ' t f ! ? i :t ( 1 i t- 1 . ,,.:V. fr-t aBSaaMssWsatifi"1

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