The Liberator from Boston, Massachusetts on June 19, 1863 · Page 1
Get access to this page with a Free Trial

The Liberator from Boston, Massachusetts · Page 1

Publication:
Location:
Boston, Massachusetts
Issue Date:
Friday, June 19, 1863
Page:
Page 1
Start Free Trial
Cancel

THE LIBEIIATOR 13 PUBLISHED EVERY FRIDAY MORNING, AT J21 WASHINGTON STREET, ROOM No. 6. ROBERT F. WALLCUT, General Agent. TERMS Three dollars por annum, in advance. . jyFoor copies will ba sent to one address for ti.t boiXA payment is made in advance. 0- All remittances arc. to be made, and all letters relating to tne Pccun5ivry MMcrnl f Pper are to be iilcUa, (post taid,) to the General Agent. Advertisements of a square and over inverted three Hart at five cenU per line; less than a square, 75 certs fut three insertions. Yearly and half yearly advertisements inserted oa reasonable terms. j-Tbe Agents of the American, Massachusetts, Tcnn-(Tlvanta, Ohio and Michigan Anti-Slavery Societies aro latfcorised to rcccivo subscriptions for Tun Libkuator. g"The following gentlemen constitute the .Financial CommiUoe, ba are not responsible for any debts of tlie pper, vis: Wes pell Thu-lits, Edmund Qiiscy, En-gtsa Jacksos, and William L. Garrisox, Jr. WU LLOYD GARRISON", Editor. rmntxxj i$ m Woxjlt 0Ur (Countrymen aw alt tanfettttl. J. B. YEKBINTON h BOH, Printers. OL- XXXIII. NO. 25. BOSTON, FEIDAY, JUNE 19, 1863. "WHOLE NO. 1689. -7T I I.. WENDELL PHILLIPS. S.iid neniJell 1 iitllms, on Alondav, irvVTremont Tempi, before the Emancipation Leajiue, " Thank Qtvl fur McCletlan, for Cameron ; thank Gnl for (Ifjfat. With a man for President, we shoufil hare put doim the rebellion in ninety dars, and left slavery ciere it was" This is freedom of speech in Massachusetts, anJ that without a squad of soldiers to dra him from the speaker's stand. What was the scene two or three days aco at the capital of Indiana ? The Democrats held a Convention, where they desired to express their sentiments on the war. The soldiers of the Government, with fixed bayonets and loaded guns, did all in their power to suppress free speech. Speakers were crowded out of their places bv soldiers, they were drained from their stands, ibey were arrested and drapjred off", and locked up, ami Abolitionists made jrreat noises, and prevented speakers bein heard. A member of Congress was forced from a stand at tho point of the bayonet. Swords, baj-onets and cannon were used to awe men into speaking favorably of the Administration and its policy. Bui how.is it with Phillips in Boston? He tbanks God for defeat, says the President is not a man, and he speaks in peace. A year or more since, ilr Phillips, in Music Hall, Sooted these words from Milton : " Tho right to link, to know and to utter, is the dearest of all liberties. Without this right there can be no liberty to any people; with it there can be no slavery." He then quotes from Governor Andrew to be, " I care not for the truth or error of the opinions held or uttered, nor for the wisdom of the words or time of their attempted expression, when I consider this great question of fundamental significance, this great right which must first be tecured before free society can be said to stand on any foundation, but only on temnorarv and capricious nrorts." Well, Phillips and Andrew, as well as Milton believe in free speech. They use the freedom also. That is, they use it here, but do they allow it,to be used against them in the West? Can Val Undiliam have the same privileges in Ohio ? . Can the Democrats have the same privileges in Indianapolis? It seems not. They speak against the sentiments of Phillips and Andrew ; and the bayonet and cannon are used to suppress them. Are not these gentlemen laying up wrath against the day of wrath ? Are they not sowing the wind ? They tread on a volcano, but they have not got eyes to see it. ISoston rost. THE riFTY-FOURTH REGIMEN u There go a million of dollars V Such was the remark of a looker-on, as the 54th regiment filed by on Thursday. Atfirst.it might have been referred to their value as u chattels." But it might be that it was only as it reminded him the more forcibly of the politico-economical views of labor. A regiment of white men would illustrate the same truth, only we have not been accustomed to value tkm at so much apiece. Yet truly every regiment Lt out of Massachusetts has been so much wealth lent away, as their labor, now entirely wasted, would have produced at least $100,000 per annum orer the cost of living. Now it is lost, and as re-ganls those who are killed or die away from the State, lost forever. Every regiment that carried away its thousand men and returns with four hundred, brings back so much less of wealth than it carried away. And yet some superficially say we shall come out of the war stronger and wealthier than when we went in ! It has ever lecn a sad sight to ns to look upon a departing regiment, but never more so, than to see the 54th sent away to double risks, put forward by those who are afraid of climate and hostile weapons for themselves, to fight their battles. How many will return, and how many of those white philanthropists who cheered them as they went will care if none of them do ! We wish them safely back, and we wish, no matter who is at fantt for its beginning, that the war with all its sorrows, crimes and blunders were over. Boston Cuurier. LOYAL WOMEN'S CONVENTION. We have reported the proceedings of the Anti-Slaverr Society and of the Loyal Women's League, t being the only anniversaries that had any spici-Pin them. Wendell Phillips was the great actor ' the Abolitionist comedy, and talked more treason " five ininues than Vallandigham could could de-"cant in as many hours. Why Copperhead should be nt to Dixie, "or the Dry Toriusas, and Silver Tongue permitted to crucify President Lincoln and 1" entire Cabinet with imjninitv, is a question to whivh we should like a satisfactory answer. They Wght certainly to be paired off, chained together by ankles ; and if that punishment would not bring Yallandighain to true repentance, it would be only "Wiuse he is incorrigible. As to the Women's Convention, that which was onjiinally deigned for a most patriotic and prais-orth motive, has been distorted into an atheistical, jeolutioiiary woman's rights movement, tinder the derhip of Lucy Stone, Susan 1$. Anthony arid trnestinu L. Hose. At their meeting in the Church the Puritans, one of the progressive spirits boast-W that she belonged to no sect or creed, political, Miousor moral, and another questioned the exist- of a divinity. is of such elements that our May anniversaries re largely compounded. All the snivelling hvpo-abolition traitors and crazy women of New lnt and New England congregate here at this "ie,and find a theatre for the recital of their fables :, .I"ing of th.-ir treason, and the exhibition of Jjw antics. Great is New York. BenneW Her- r , Boston, May 29, 18C3 ia ill r. i: ... .. . ' c uuuor of the JSoson Courier. Escort furnished bv the city of Boston for the and Cth regiments. Lort'for tM; 5tth Massachusetts regiment, Col. '! (colored) Col. Kurtz ('mounted) ; Capt. n.iiitcomb and thirty patrolmen; Capt. Adams and ""pr patrolmen. '3 1 tacort for the Cth Massachusetts regiment. Col. ''Nansbec (white), returned from the scat of war r IhrUr Policemen. Yours, FniKXX) OF Til E Wiiitk Ma. 5" Fernando Wood, aTthe late reat Copperhead Pc meeting in New York, presumptuously said me war JimiM it should never , there is no CO' "e tailibtrv ru-fata. :.. ! L..l. ...... 1 i'!nU..rt.MWnt. as - . , jr ww C I III l lav V vUCtol ijwihmhvm- Jv"- States, which are sovereign, and in pos-0u of all power not delegated. If power or CO-"x exist, at all, it is legal, and not military." rfl f ,'.:a-,2 .-.s---r, ,wf sw--j j.-jir v"s iii ? i -- iirit i i.i ai . u-vlj e j . i i f r" 1 1 i' v.j- :'!k-'1-. v-s.-' nr j 1 1 1 1 1 i 0 u THE SCOURGED BACK. It is a terrible showing. This slave was whipped. whipped, oh hideous to think of! when crazy, at Baton Rouge, in the month of October, 1862. The eye of the sun fell on the camera which transferred his torn skin to the paper, on the 2d of April, 18G3, five or six months after the scourging, when the frightful laceration was partially healed, and only-scars remained. But what must the whipping have been to leave such scars ! The back looks like a plafe of iron, eaten by acids and corroded by rust ; or like a walnut-table honey-combed by worms. From the shoulders to the waist, great welts and furrows and ridges, raised or gouged by the lash, run crosswise and lengthwise, mingling in the middle in one awful mass of scab. Bits as big as the hand seem to have been cut out of the flesh. No wonder that, at this distance of time, the man looks thin and ghastly, though he was a strong man, and must be a man of fine physique and presence. The shoulders are broad ; the muscles of the back firm. The left arm, the only arm visible, is long and sinewy. The head is well-placed, and the profile not a profile of the extreme African type is full of manly energy. A strong short whisker and leard give power to the jaw which needs no such evidence to show its manliness, for resolution and force are stamped on the whole formation of the face. We look on the picture with amazement that cannot find words for utterance. Amazement at the cruelty which could perpetrate such an outrage as this ; at the brutal folly, the stupid ignorance, that could permit such a piece of infatuation ; at the absence not only of humane fee'ing, but of economical prudence, of common sense, of ordinary intelligence, displayed in such frantic thoughtlessness. Among what sort of peop!e are such things possible ? For ourselves, we really eannot imagine. Doubtless the people among whom such a deed was done, could stand by, like the critics of the dead dog, with only jeers and curses for the ' nigger." " Lazy hound 1 we hear them saying, " it serves him right. Wanted to run away, I suppose ! insulted the overseer! would not work! had a copy of Uncle Tom in his hat! Stole something from his master Wanted to be free ! Won't do it again, I guess. Such fellows ought to be whipped to death !" What would Christ say, if he were near ? The significant point is, not that such brutality is exercised on a man, but that it is exercised on such a man. Ifhewerea Bomba, now, or another senseless despot, who "erected atheism into a form of government; who contributed to mankind nothing but poverty, and wretchedness, and sin," one's in- ignation would subside to a mud torin ot uisap- provatf tnac tne punisnmeni ot a criminal snouiu assume so savage a form. If he were an unscrupulous statesman, who used his fellow-creatures like pawns on a chess-board ; if he were a mean-spirited politician, who made it his business to spread nets for his fellow-creatures, to cheat, and mislead, and devour them for his profit, our sense of the barbarity of the infliction would be considerably mitigated by the reflection that, on the whole, he got no more than his deserts. Or, if he were not so bad as this ; if he were simply a useless or not promising member of society; if he were simply an unproductive consumer, a fop, a dandy, an elegant lounger, a city swell if he were a common rake, a debauchee, a driver of fast horses our pity for the sufferer would not be aggravated by the thought of severe personal indignity and degradation ; you would not grieve for manhood outraged, or a high spirit broken, or a great social class dishonored. Bat this humble man, this poor man, this untaught man, this down-trodden man, this working man, this nero, represents the laboring class. lie is a tiller of the soil, a cultivator, a servant of King Cotton ; one of the most useful men in the community ; a man who eats little and toils much ; a man who is nine-tenths production, and only one-tenth consumption. They scourge his back ! Because he won't work? Neither will Bomb work. Neither will his master work. What right have you to say whether he shall work or not ? whether he shall work here or elsewhere, at this labor or at another, for this or for that employer? But why won't he work ? lias he not the cravings of other men ? lias he not a mouth to fill, a back to clothe, a head to shelter, children to provide for ? Would he as lief starve as be fed, shiver as be warm, stand exposed to the elements as be under a roof, see his children die as see them live ? Is he inaccessible to the ordinary motives which act as stimuli to the working powers of man dnd ? Does he care nothing for reward ? Is he deaf to praise ? Do offers of sure and adequate wages make no impression on him? Then he is less than a beast. Can he be less than a beast and have the form, the organization, the habits of a man ? Yes, he may IkT; for humanity bestialized is worse than bestial ; but if he is, it is ye who have made him so, ye nobles of the cowskin, y'e aristocrats of the cat-o-'nine-tails, ve nabobs of the" pickle-pot and the brine-tub ! Man mav be less than man, as woman may be less than woiuan. How much less than men, then, are they who work the desecration? Were any beast of burden treated as this noble-looking black was treated ; were any ox, or horse, or mule so beaten that his wounds were ghastly at the end of six months of effort on the part of nature to heal them, his owner would be execrated by everyone of his neighbors. But they who can beat a man thus, put himlowerthan an ox, a horse, or a mule and his deed is therefore not abhorred. The best treatment the black man gets at the hands of his master is the same that is bestowed on the spaniel dog ; a bone with a little meat on it ; a spot of shade tolie in ; a caress which is an insult ; an indulgence which is a degradation. The worst he gets is not this lacerated back. It is this ignoring of humanity that we complain of; this utter failure to preserve the mannooa oi . .I.. utt.-r worn of the truth that (Jod has man j --- - , i i i I til tr ilur.'ll nn t lift f;lc nt maue ot one uiuun on the earth; this mode of testing humanity by the color of the skin ; this assumption of the U-stial in all hat is not white; this carelessness as to whether the nc-ro will work for wages like other men, whether he can improve, whether freedom w,U be to him and to his master, and to all concerned, a boon or a bane; this stubliorn recklessness in regard to all the consideration that enter into the treatment of white laborers ; it is this we raise our cry against. It is this that makes this little card-picture such an awful svmbol. We remember with pity the agonv of the pW victim; but that pity is soon lost in the horror that any man, for no sin, unless a consciousness of his manlv nalure be a sin ; for no crime, unless the love of liberty be a crime ; for no vice, unless self-assertion be a vice should be acourged as no w,Ast is ever scoumed. We remember with bitterness the senseless folly that can thus waste the (itterness the senseless tony mat can iuu hush: eso-irces of ihe working-man, and cripple the limbs .n whose power and activity the country's wealth re on depends ; that infuses distrust and hatred into the relation so important, so delicate, so sensitive, which exists between employers and employed, and dishonors the class that ought by all means to be encouraged to feel a sense of dignity and worth. But this bitterness, though it curls nostril and lip, leaves no traces on the mind, as we consider the atheism which pretends to believe of any creature made in the human form, that the whip will make him do what reason, affection, interest, will not. The black man with the scarred back is the type of the slave system, and of the society that sustains it. It typifies the pride of race and the contempt of labor. This card-photograph should be multiplied by the hundred thousand, and scattered over the State. It tells the story in a way that even Mrs. Stowe cannot approach ; because it tells the story to me eye. it seeing is oeneving ana it is in the mi mense majority of cases seeing this card would be equivalent to believing things of ie slave States which Northern men .and women would move heaven and earth to abolish ! Independent. THE BOSTON POST SICX The Boston Pout says a correspondent of the Oharlestown Adrerliser is sick, dangerously sick He (excuse the Pronoun and the Gender) has been complaining nearly a year of indigestion and loss of appetite, with an occasional affection of the heart; but tint malady did not assume a seriou", chrome form, until last Siturday, when the Physician was able to ascertain the precise diagnosis. It appeared that the head ami the heart were severely afflicted with C.jlorphobi.i and M:Clellan. The s art appeared to be rapidly turning to fluid, sweat and tears, and the head was in such a state of moral dark ness that the M. D. apprehended the most alarming consequences from acute mortification. The memorandum in the Doctor's Diary, which I accidentally saw, was written thus: 1. Coforphobia on the Drain. Patient in a hish state of excitement ; blood thin and white; skin,dry and hot ; eyes, short-sighted and a little cocked. Patient was much frightened at black ; I should think he had been subject to it more or less from infancy I understand it was caused by the fright of his mother, on seeing a Negro enjoying the privileges of a freeman. Ihe disease has increased greatly during the last eight years, and has now assumed an acute, chronic and permanent form. 2. McClellan on the Heart. Symptoms bad. The heart is fearfully distended, the pericardium is perforated with innumerable small holes, said to have been made by Gen. MClellan's wooden sword, while the Patient was a member of his staff" ir the Boston Campaign. The right and left Ventricles are filled with serum and coagulum ; the Pulmoniy artery and the Aorta are severely affected, at 1 the circulation of the blood is vitally impaired. The disease is chronic, acute, and inflamma torv. This shocking malady was caused, I believe, by the removal of Gen. McClellan from the command of the Army of the Potom;c, and undoubtedly has been aggravated within a short time, by reading the Report of the Congressional Committee on the operations of the Army of the Potomac under Gen. McClellan. The patient requires rest; sea air, cold s'ea bathing and tonic. Patriotism would do much good, diluted with a little Humanity, but ten drops of the essence of a Slaveholder's heel in a wine glass of Kentucky whiskey three times a day would do the best, perhaps. A residence at some Island in Boston Harbor, during the war, would be advisable; some safe, quiet place where there is a good Hotel, say"F. W." P. S. One hour later. I have just visited my patient, and find the affection of the heart is abated a little by the expulsion of two columns of serum and coagulum on " The Report of the Conduct of the War and the safety of Washington." He seems more comfortable, and the blood circulates with more freedom ; the eyes look brighter, and the color of the face is more natural, betraying his egotism. The eyesight is still Xlim and short, and the disease on the brain increases. Alas ! there is no hope of his recovery. I analyzed the vomit of serum and coagulum, and found it composed often different substances, as follows: 30 parts of McClellan, 31 of Colorphobia, 6 of Treason, 15 of Falsehood, 15 of Dissatisfaction, 10 of Denunciation of the War, 10 of Sweltered Froth, 1 of Truth, and 1 of Satisfaction. A compound indeed ! Who could live infected with the ingredients of such a plague ? Who could minister to such a disease : Pluck from the memory a rooted sorrow ; Rase out the written troubles of the brain ; And with some sweet, oblivious antidote. Cleanse the stuff'd bosom of that perilous stuff Which weighs uon the heart t The echo answers, McClellan. Far up the cliff the sound recedes, McClellan. Patriotism and Humanity freely administered, hourly, in season, probably would have saved the patient ; but now they are of no avail. On reading the above memoranda, I addressed the following note to the M. D. : April 25, 4 P. M., 18G3. Dear Sir: Your " Old Fiiet)d" suggests that you advise your Patient's family to prepare proper funeral clothing, and after the decease of your Patient, if they desire to preserve the body, to embalm it in a full-length photograph of Gen. McClellan. Forward to New York the columns of Serum, &e., to Fernando Wood, to consult previous to his again addrcsMiig the Tammany Hall Association on the State of the Nation. Yours respectfully. Ward. P. S. Advise' your Patient's family to stand by Gen. McClellan, and not to read Gen. Joe Hooker's testimony on the Conduct of the War, or the Report of Messrs. Wade, Chandler, Covode, Gooch and the War Democrat, Odell, relating to the same sub ject, as your Patient's distemper may be hereditary. PHILLIPS, THE ORATOR. 11 V A. DROXSON ALCOTT. Who faithful in insane sedition keeps. With silver and with ruddy gold may vie. Tyrtceus. I remember how in the year 1837,after the killing of Lovcjoy, at Alton, there was a public meeting in Faneuil Hall, called by, I was about to say, the last Puritan saint that preached in a pulpit in Boston ; the eloquent saint and preacher of New England, where he made a speech, and where a certain State's Attorney, I believe he was, made a speech also, in which he cast all manner of ridicule on the martyr; and I remember how a young man took his quiet chance to spring to hi feet and ascend the platform, and pour out such a flood of eloquence that I believe the victim has never breathed largely and freely since. I remember seeing him a day or two ago, walking down Colonnade Row, where he then, lived, and wondering how he had felt ever sirce that day. That was the first intimation of the ontor of New England. All TJostcn was surprised, and wondered who that was. They found, however, on inquiry, that he was born well, was well bred, well educated, and in all respects as good as they were. Of course, that must have been a great disappointment. The difficulties must have been very much greater, of course, under these circumstances. B'lt then, his youth was against him. From that time to this, steadily, from year to year and almost from day to day, that eloquence has been making its way through iNcw England ana tne West, ana across the water, and he stands, to-day, the orator of America, unmatched by any preceding orator : and in this respect, that he pleads for righteousness, he pleads for the truth, always, has never been known to be "on the wrong side, always for the oppressed, never for the oppressor. So that, with one exception, (and I can hardly make that. in New England, in the West, and even in the National Capital itself, more persons will flock to hear that orator than any other in the country. lie stands conspicuous above others as the advocate of human rights, the defender of the oppressed ; Freedom's lonestar, whose luster is leading fugitive States and statesmen fast from their bondage to the despotism into this refuge of liberty, here in the north of the North New England. By happy fortune he enjoys the privilege, denied to senators, of speaking of free and freedom-loving men everywhere, unincumbered by slave statutes or caucus. His speeches have the highest qualities of a great orator. In range of thought, clearness of statement, keen satire, brilliant wit, personal anecdote, wholesome moral sentiments, patriotism and Puritan spirit, they are unmatched by any of the great orators of the day. They have, besides, the rare merit, ami one in which our public men have been painfully deficient, of straight-forwardness, point, and truth to to the hour. Thev are addressed to the conscience of the country, and were spoken in the interests of humanity. Many a soldier now in the field, many a citizen, doubtless, owes his loyalty, in large measure, to his learning of these eloquent words. Above party, unless it be the honorable and ancient party of M inkind, they embody the temper and drift of the times. How many public men are here to survive in the pillar of his indignant invectives. The history of the last thirty years cannot be accurately written without his facts and anecdotes. There is no great interest, of philanthropy in which he has not been active. His words are to be taken as those of an earnest mind intent on furthering the ends of truth and righteousness, interpreted not by their rhetoric but consistently to principles. Why are they not collected and printed in a book for the credit of our tongue, the praise of humanity, and the good fame of their author ? Certainly the country hangs in the balance of his argument ; cabinets and council hesitating to do or undo wkhout some regard to his words, well knowing the better constituency he better represents, and peaks for the people, namely, whoso breath can nmake them as it has made. Would you like to hear what a poet wrote of him a great while ago ? It may be that these lines have not fallen under your eye : " He stood upon the world's broad threshold wide ; The din of battle and of slaughter rose ; lie saw God stand upon the weaker side, That sunk in seeming loss before its foes. Many there were who made great haste and sold . Unto the cunning enemy their swords ; He scorned their gifts of fame, and ower, and gold, And, underneath their soft and flowery words, ileard the cold serpent hiss ; therefore he went And humbly joined him to the weaker part, anatic named, and fool, yet well content, So he should be the nearer to God's heart, And feel its solemn pulses sending blood Through all the wide-spread veins of endless good. These are James Russell Lowell's verses, written in 1843. I don't know that many of us had found it out. but one poet had, as long ago as that, and sung it. Is it not fulfilled ? Prom Mr. AUcotCa Conversations on NettEngland Reformer, March 9, 1863, as reported for Ute Commonwealth Xewspa- r'- THE FIRST OF THE 900,000. The Herald was long on nettles with regard to the "900,000" soldiers whom it asserted that the Tribune had promised or predicted that a boldly defined Emancipation policy would add to the Union armies. From an early day it has insisted that that policy was a failure that it had added nothing to the national strength, while subtracting heavily therefrom that the idea of inducing negroes to fight their late rebel masters was ridiculous that there was no fight in them, &c, &e. We are happy, therefore,- to'find in Saturday's Herald a letter from its correspondent' with Gen. Bank's army besieging Port Hudson, which fully confirms the statements of our own correspondent at that point with regard to the-splendid figh'ing of the colored regiment (Second Louisiana) which took part in Gen. Sherman's attack upon the right of the rebel stronghold. This, mind you, is the testimony of an enemy of a Herald man who confesses that be did not believe negroes would fight well till he was obliged to. The fact that they left six hundred men dead in the rebel works, out of nine hundred, when compelled by overwhelming numbers to fallback, is not the most essential; they had the. advance, against strong works that had not been breached, uuder a terrible enfilading fire of all arms, and of course expected to suffer severely. The Herald man says that they moved forward under the most murderous fire of shot, .shell, grape, canister, and musketry, with a steadiness that was surprising" to him. Steadiness under a crushing fire is the hardest test of soldierly capacity. 'Anybody can charge in the open field, where the foe stands face to face with you, and is as liable to fall as you are ; but to storm heavy fortifications, where you know that nine-tenths of your shots must be utterly wasted and useless to walk steadily and slo.vly up to all but certain death, with a full knowledge that your fire is all but wasted this is work that none but good soldiers can en dure. And this Herald man says that " the flower of the British army" at the celebrated storming of Ciudad Rodrigo 14 never moved with firmer step or more solid column ' than did this second division of Gen. Bank's army to the assault on Port Hudson, with a negro regiment at the post of honor ! And those negroes not merely " fought with the desperation of tigers" they fought wisely as well as terribly. Knowing well that fortifications van never be taken by standing before them and popping at them with musketry," after firing one volley, they did not deign to load again, but went in with the bayonet; and wherever they had a chance, it was all up with the rebels." That is the way the bravest veterans charge fortifications ; and these were poor negroes, who had never before been in serious action. Nobly done, Second Regiment of Louisiana Na- tive Guard! though you failed to carry the rebel works against overwhelming numbers, you did not charge, and fight, and fall in vain ! That heap of six hund red corpses. Ivinr there dark, and erim, and silent before and within the rebel works, is a bet ter Proclamation of Freedom than even President Lincoln's. A race readv to die thus was never yet retained in bondage, and never can be. Even the Wood Copperheads, who will not fight themselves, and try to keep others out or the Union ranks, will not dare to mob negro regiments, if this is their style of fighting. Thus passes one regiment of blacks to death and everlasting fame : but a hundred more are this dav mustering to replace it. These will be in the field by September, and twice as many forming behind them. Forward I SUCCESS OF THE NEGRO REGIMENTS. Headquarters Department of tug Socth, ) Hilton Head, Port Royal, S. C, May 4, 18G3. f To His Excellency the Governor of Massachusetts, Boston, Mass : lam happy to be able to announce to you my complete and eminent satisfaction with the results of the organization of negro regiments in this Department. In the field, so far as tried, they have proved brave, active, enduring and energetic, frequently outrunning, by their zeal and familiarity with the Southern country, the restrictions deemed prudent by certain of their officers. They have never disgraced their uniform by pillage or cruelty, but have so conducted themselves, upon the whole, that even our enemies, though more anxious to find fault with these than with any other portion of our troops, have not yet been able to allege against them a single violation of any of the rules of civilized warfare. Thest regiments are hardy, generous, temjwrate, patient, strictly obedient, possessing great natural aptitude for a run, and deeply imbued with that religious sentiment call it fanaticism, such as like which made the soldiers of Cromwell invincible. They believe that now is the time appointed by (Jod for their deliverance; and under the heroic incitement of this faith, 1 believe them capable of showing a courage and persistency of purpose which must in the end extort both victory and admiration. In this connection, I am also happy to announce to you that the prejudices of certain of our white soldiers and officers against these indispensable allies are rapidly softening or fading out ; and that we have now opening before us in this Department whi:h was the first in the present war to inaugurate the experiment of employing colored troops, large opportunities of putting them to distinguished and profitable use. With a brigade of liberated slaves already in the field, a few more regiments of intelligent colored men from the North would soon place this force in a condition to make extensive incursions upon the main land, through the most densely populated slave regions ; and trom expeditions ot this character 1 make no doubt the most beneficial results would arise. I have the honor to be, Governor, Very respectfully. Your most obedient servant, D. HUNTER, Major General Commanding. SOUTHERN NEGRO RECRUITING. The negroes here enter readily into the scheme of forming a colored Brigade from this department ; and they demonstrate it practically by enlisting into me service at tne nrst call. About a week ago we were returning from a bug hunt beyond FortTotten, when we caught sight of tour colored horsemen, one of whom wore a red sash, entering a small negro hamlet near the Fort, followed by another with a dilapidated tenor drum, and yet another with a dilapidated bss drum. We surmised that the old European system of raising recruits was about being revived in this case, so we followed to witness the ii Operation. When the riders and drummers had en tered the hamlet, the order was given, and rum drum thum drum ! tbr-r-r-r-drum ! resounded from the well worn and patched up sheep-skins. Up this dusty street the riders and drummers rode and drummed, and down that dusty street they rode and drummed, the negroes issuing from their cab ins and falling into the rapidly increasing line of recruits, their families and friends in most cases encouraging the movement.. Some fell in with their coats flung across their arms, as if they had calculated on the thing as a matter of course, and were only waiting for the call. A gigantic black was of this class; and others joined, and marched along as if they saw something strange and unexpected in their situation: and they bore on their countenances that expression of pride which is so characteristic of young volunteers, when they have put their names on the regimental or company roll, and walk the streets as soldiers. A few looked bewildered, showing that with them the red sashed horseman and the drums had accomplished the contemplated work. The village had two streets, and about fifty male adults, including cripples; and oit of these there marched, or tramped, in shirt-sleeves ami tattered trowsers, about forty, four-fifths, to be dressed up in Uncle Sam's uniform, and make the nation's first class soldiers. An hour after this we met these negro recruits, and their column had swollen to the capacity of one hundred and eighty men. The same horseman and drummers were at the head ; but in the centre of the column was carried a banner made of coarse cotton cloth, on which was painted in crude letters, 44 God give us victory or dath ! victory or datb !" These words were strown, as it were, in black paint, all over both sides of the banner. And the pride and satisfaction expressed in the countenances of the negro women, as they looked upon this singular parade, was really touching to the hearts of those who realized the situation of this in jured race. In two days a full regiment was re cruited. And they will fght ! Ctrcs and Darius. NEGRO TROOPS IN R0SE0RANS' DEPARTMENT. Since the accession of Gen. Rosecrans to the supreme command in these parts, slavery has been virtually abolished in the section of the State within tho Union lines. To be sure, there has been no direct liberation by force of laws or arms, but the slaves emancipated themselves by the inoperation of the slave-code of the State, and the consequent inability of the masters to exercise control and exact servitude whenever their human chattels refused to submit to it. Without the desire of freedom, they might have continued in the condition of bondage, even though their owners bad not the power to hold them in it; but, with an all but universal impulse, they relieved themselves of thraldom by seeking se "Proclaim Liberty thnraghout aUth9 laad, to oil tho inhabitant thereof." " I lay this down as the law of nations. I say that military authority takes, for the time, the place ef all monio-ipal Institutions, and SLA VERT AMOXO TIIE REST; aad that, under that state of thing, so tax from' its being true that the States where slavery exists have the exclusive management of the subject, not only the PacsiDtrr or the CitttD States, bat tbo Comaxdeb or the Ar, HAS POWER TO ORDER TIIF UNIVERSAL EMANCIPATION OP THE SLAVES. .... From the instant that the shareholding States become the theatre or a war, CIVIL, servile, or foreign, from that instant the war powers of Congress extend to interference with the institution of slavery, ix evert wat ix which it cas as isrxarcREB with, from a claim of indemnity for slaves taken or destroyed, to the cession of States, burdened with slavery, to a foreign power. . . . It is a war power. I say it is a war power ; and when your country is actually in war, whether it be a war of invasion or a war of insurrection, Congress bas power to carry on the war, and mcst carrt it on, ac-cordixs to tbk laws or wak ; and by the laws of war, an invaded country has all its laws and municipal institutions swept by the board, and martial power takes trr flack op them. When two hostile armies are set in martial array, the commanders of both armies Lave power to eman cipate all the s-aves in the invaded territory." J. J. Adams. curity ami independence -of person and- means of livelihood within the army. Excepting the aged and infirm, hardly one in a hundred of the negroes enslaved at the tune loyal troops first crossed the Cumberland, taxes his muscles now without compensation. Slavery, indeed, could not live under the treatment it received, in accordance with the laws of Congress, by the military authorities under the auspices of Gen. Rosecrans. Those in the North that advocate fighting the rebellion with its own main weapon, nave perhaps been perplexed at the delay in the work of raising colored troops in this Department. Let me tell them that it is not due, as it has been supposed, either to the v'u-'inity of 44 Conservatives," Pro-slavery Kentucky, or disinclination oh the part of (Jen. Rosecrans, or apprehended opposition bv the army, but simply to the lack of material. Many more thousands of contrabands than Gen. Rosecrans now has at his command arc wanted to take the place of soldiers detailed from their regiments for various fatigue duties, and they are not likely to be obtained until after an advance further South of the army. Gen. Rosecrans is willing and ready to arm the slaves of rebels, and as to the feeling of his troops in regard to the proposition, there will be no more opposition to it in this army than in the army of Gen. Grant. There will undoubtedly be some growling among the Kentucky troops and a few of the officers and men from other States, but no open demonstration of dissatisfaction. Per contra, I know that many of the best officers are anxiously awaiting the arrival of Adjt.-Gen. Thomas to obtain permission to raise colored regiments. I am fully persuaded that there will be a perfect -scramble for commissions in them, and that the scarcity of contrabands is likely to b the only difficulty General Thomas will encounter. ENROLLMENT OF NEGR0E3 FOR THE REBEL ARMY. In the recent battles of General Banks on the Teche, in Louisiana, he seized upon papers, among which was found a proclamation of Governor Maore, ordering the enrollment of tho able-bodied negroes in the country round about for the purpose of organizing them into regiments. Colonel Thorpe aays there cannot be a doubt but that, throughout the extreme Southern States, the rebels are actually engaged in raising negro regiments, for it is only from such material that they can now recruit their ranks with able-bodied men. Colonel Thorpe also says that he has watched the progress of tho formation f the first colored regiment now organized in LbuisT ana, and has never seen better mat jrial, or troops more obedient or more quick to learn the manual exercise. These m in spite of their antecedents and unhappy history, are thoroughly infbrmcrf of . the important position they occupy, and yet are not backward in alopting a uniform which is their death-warrant if taken by the enemy. Adjutant-General Thomas has made twelve speeches to the troops on the Mississippi, organized eleven African regiments, and has a good prospect of enlisting nine more. The soldiers whom he has addressed, have uniformly and heartily welcomed the new policy of the government which he has unfolded to them, and there is no difficulty except that of selecting from among the numerous applicants in officering the new organizations. THE MANIA FOR SLAVERY. A thing observable about the mania for Slavery which has displayed itself in England, is that it is confined to what may be described as theupper classes. Not half a dozen zealots of the popular kind have been induced by love or money to present themselves at the assemblies of the emancipationists ; and it is probable the same or more might have been found to take the garrotcr's side, if that question bad been brought to the test of a public meeting. The reason is very plain. The people of England have weighed and appreciated the spirit and bearing of the whole movement, and see with a clear, steady light of comprehension, that with allowance for the difference of times and places, and for the unreflecting folly which makes some men run their heads into anything with the air of extravagant and new, the intention was to follow up the idea expressed with diplomatic accuracy in the first communication of the rebellious States to their expected allies, which was that the Working Classes ought everywhere to be slaves. This was the "grand thought," as the French phrase it, the guiding Btar to steer upon in such wise as circumstances might admit, which was in the act of being transmitted to the British government through live plenipotentiaries in the Trent, and forinterfering with which pleasing negociation, a cry is raised for war as the msans of securing the object which js common stock. What is certain is, that popular feeling in England is not unfriendly to America, and will not be, unless advantage is given by something done on that side the Atlantic. There are perhaps as many interested in war there as here. The grand hope and trust of the Slave power in England is, that something, by irritation or otherwise, may he brought about in America which sh tll end in war with the Northern States. O what joys I what embraces! the meeting of Virgil and "his friends was nothing to it. How aristo;racy would rush into the arms of the street-walkers of New Orleans; and plutocracy exult in finding they might sell slave-tackle, none making them afraid 1 And here is the place for noting a most favourable feature, which the very articled clerks of the E iglish slave-dealers in America could not help reporting to the heads of their house. And that is, that the modest women in America are taking alarm at the sfrategem for confounding them in the base trick attempted to be played off on General Butler. Everybody with their wits about thein and not blinded by partisanship, knows that it was a lie from the beginning, and a badly got-up lie too. There is not a mess-room in England, where an unfledged ensign who had incautiously done something towards circulating such a slander against an officer in a foreign service, would not be invited to express his regret forit in terms becoming what the Articles of War intend by 44 an officer and a gentleman." The Northern women have shown themselves to bo what woman is all over the world, except where depressed by what De Lamartine calls the crime and blasphemy" of slavery. What is to be done with women who have been reared from infancy io the brothel of a slave-society ; who, whatever may be the case individually with themselves, have,' ia their connexions and all that is around them, never ' known purity? A novel writer, meaning certainly ' to describe what is, and not what everybody would know was not. paints to us the father'of a familr, ' respectable and getting on well iu the world, as would appear, with eleven children by slaves, born to hira since his marriage. Such a society is polluted in its ' jrery sources; and our slave-traders are fit to keep it company. In one sense, perhaps, the women of such bringing-up are only objects of compassion

What members have found on this page

Get access to Newspapers.com

  • The largest online newspaper archive
  • 16,500+ newspapers from the 1700s–2000s
  • Millions of additional pages added every month

Try it free